Results for 'Shona M. Kerr'

980 found
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  1.  20
    Balancing the local and the universal in maintaining ethical access to a genomics biobank.Catherine Heeney & Shona M. Kerr - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):80.
    Issues of balancing data accessibility with ethical considerations and governance of a genomics research biobank, Generation Scotland, are explored within the evolving policy landscape of the past ten years. During this time data sharing and open data access have become increasingly important topics in biomedical research. Decisions around data access are influenced by local arrangements for governance and practices such as linkage to health records, and the global through policies for biobanking and the sharing of data with large-scale biomedical research (...)
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  2. A practical checklist for return of results from genomic research in the European context.Danya F. Vears, Signe Mežinska, Nina Hallowell, Heidi Beate Hallowell, Bridget Ellul, Therese Haugdahl Nøst, , Berge Solberg, Angeliki Kerasidou, Shona M. Kerr, Michaela Th Mayrhofer, Elizabeth Ormondroyd, Birgitte Wirum Sand & Isabelle Budin-Ljøsne - 2023 - European Journal of Human Genetics 1:1-9.
    An increasing number of European research projects return, or plan to return, individual genomic research results (IRR) to participants. While data access is a data subject’s right under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and many legal and ethical guidelines allow or require participants to receive personal data generated in research, the practice of returning results is not straightforward and raises several practical and ethical issues. Existing guidelines focusing on return of IRR are mostly project-specific, only discuss which results to (...)
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  3.  21
    Confounding valence and arousal: What really underlies political orientation?Shona M. Tritt, Michael Inzlicht & Jordan B. Peterson - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):330-331.
  4.  29
    Urban agriculture, social capital, and food security in the Kibera slums of Nairobi, Kenya.Courtney M. Gallaher, John M. Kerr, Mary Njenga, Nancy K. Karanja & Antoinette M. G. A. WinklerPrins - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):389-404.
    Much of the developing world, including Kenya, is rapidly urbanizing. Rising food and fuel prices in recent years have put the food security of the urban poor in a precarious position. In cities worldwide, urban agriculture helps some poor people gain access to food, but urban agriculture is less common in densely populated slums that lack space. In the Kibera slums of Nairobi, Kenya, households have recently begun a new form of urban agriculture called sack gardening in which vegetables such (...)
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  5.  14
    Education in Scotland: Yesterday and TodaySchools of Scotland.A. C. F. Beales, M. Mackintosh & Anthony J. C. Kerr - 1963 - British Journal of Educational Studies 11 (2):212.
  6.  11
    Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform.Gérard Bonnet, Mary Canning, Kai-Ming Cheng, Terry J. Crooks, Luis Crouch, Ori Eyal, Eva Forsberg, Phyllis Ghim-Lian Chew, Ratna Ghosh, Martin Gustafsson, Batia P. Horsky, Dan Inbar, Barbara M. Kehm, Stephen T. Kerr, Allan Luke, Ulf P. Lundgren, Robert W. McMeekin, Adam Nir, Peter Schrag, Hasan Simsek, Ryo Watanabe, Alison Wolf & Ali Yildirim (eds.) - 2010 - R&L Education.
    Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform is an invaluable resource for policymakers, faculty, students, and anyone interested in how decisions made about the education system ultimately affect the quality of education, educational access, and social justice.
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  7.  26
    Responsible data sharing in international health research: a systematic review of principles and norms.Shona Kalkman, Menno Mostert, Christoph Gerlinger, Johannes J. M. van Delden & Ghislaine J. M. W. van Thiel - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):21.
    Large-scale linkage of international clinical datasets could lead to unique insights into disease aetiology and facilitate treatment evaluation and drug development. Hereto, multi-stakeholder consortia are currently designing several disease-specific translational research platforms to enable international health data sharing. Despite the recent adoption of the EU General Data Protection Regulation, the procedures for how to govern responsible data sharing in such projects are not at all spelled out yet. In search of a first, basic outline of an ethical governance framework, we (...)
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  8.  30
    Comments.M. S. Dresselhaus, Clark Kerr, Walter E. Massey, John Roberts & Charles H. Townes - 1992 - Minerva 30 (2):148-162.
  9. Gabriel Marcel on Faith and Unbelief.M. Jarrett-Kerr - 1946 - Hibbert Journal 45:321.
     
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  10.  4
    Vascular Amputees: A Study in Disappointment.J. M. Little, Dora Petritsi-Jones & Charles Kerr - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (1):21-24.
    Despite optimistic reports about the results of amputation for advanced vascular disease, the patient’s assessment of advantages and disadvantages is seldom acknowledged. A detailed social study of 67 amputees has revealed considerable disparity between the patient’s views and those of the medical staff. About a third of the patients are forced to retire from active work by the amputation; about three-quarters report a serious decline in their social activities; only about half are really independent with prostheses in the long term; (...)
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  11.  18
    The Dual Landscape Model of Adaptation and Niche Construction.Mark M. Tanaka, Peter Godfrey-Smith & Benjamin Kerr - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (3):478-498.
    Wright’s “adaptive landscape” has been influential in evolutionary thinking but controversial, especially because the landscape that organisms encounter is altered by the evolutionary process itsel...
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  12.  18
    The social licence for data-intensive health research: towards co-creation, public value and trust.Johannes J. M. van Delden, Menno Mostert, Ghislaine J. M. W. van Thiel, Shona Kalkman & Sam H. A. Muller - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundThe rise of Big Data-driven health research challenges the assumed contribution of medical research to the public good, raising questions about whether the status of such research as a common good should be taken for granted, and how public trust can be preserved. Scandals arising out of sharing data during medical research have pointed out that going beyond the requirements of law may be necessary for sustaining trust in data-intensive health research. We propose building upon the use of a social (...)
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  13.  77
    A Brief Review of the Application of Neuroergonomics in Skilled Cognition During Expert Sports Performance.Sok Joo Tan, Graham Kerr, John P. Sullivan & Jonathan M. Peake - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  14.  36
    Placebo acupuncture as a form of ritual touch healing: A neurophenomenological model.Catherine E. Kerr, Jessica R. Shaw, Lisa A. Conboy, John M. Kelley, Eric Jacobson & Ted J. Kaptchuk - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):784-791.
    Evidence that placebo acupuncture is an effective treatment for chronic pain presents a puzzle: how do placebo needles appearing to patients to penetrate the body, but instead sitting on the skin’s surface in the manner of a tactile stimulus, evoke a healing response? Previous accounts of ritual touch healing in which patients often described enhanced touch sensations suggest an embodied healing mechanism. In this qualitative study, we asked a subset of patients in a singleblind randomized trial in irritable bowel syndrome (...)
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  15.  38
    Changing the CurriculumNew Priorities in the Curriculum.Charity James, John F. Kerr & Louise M. Berman - 1969 - British Journal of Educational Studies 17 (2):223.
  16.  3
    Visual Search in 3D: Effects of Monoscopic and Stereoscopic Cues to Depth on the Validity of Feature Integration Theory and Perceptual Load Theory.Ciara M. Greene, John Broughan, Anthony Hanlon, Seán Keane, Sophia Hanrahan, Stephen Kerr & Brendan Rooney - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Previous research has successfully used feature integration theory to operationalise the predictions of Perceptual Load Theory, while simultaneously testing the predictions of both models. Building on this work, we test the extent to which these models hold up in a 3D world. In two experiments, participants responded to a target stimulus within an array of shapes whose apparent depth was manipulated using a combination of monoscopic and stereoscopic cues. The search task was designed to test the predictions of feature integration (...)
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  17.  19
    Donor insemination.M. G. Kerr & C. Rogers - 1975 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (1):30-33.
    This paper reviews the technical and social problems concerned in donor insemination in the light of recent developments. The most important of these is the declining number of babies available for adoption by subfertile couples because modern methods and attitudes have reduced the number of unplanned births. At the same time the technique of donor insemination is being developed as public attitudes to it are changing.
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  18.  13
    Controllability Modulates the Anticipatory Response in the Human Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex.Deborah L. Kerr, Donald G. McLaren, Robin M. Mathy & Jack B. Nitschke - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  19. Cognitive and motor side-effects of morphine and alfentanil.B. Kerr, E. Hunt & M. Calogero - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):521-521.
     
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  20.  20
    Mammalian cloning: Implications for science and society 26–27 June 1997, Washington, D.c.Susan M. Kerr - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (4):491-498.
  21.  43
    Predictions of Experimental Results from a Gravity Theory.J. M. Kerr - 2007 - Apeiron 14 (2):148.
  22.  9
    The effects of surface topography on the accumulation of biofouling.A. Kerr & M. J. Cowling - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (24):2779-2795.
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  23.  56
    Unintended Changes in Cognition, Mood, and Behavior Arising from Cell-Based Interventions for Neurological Conditions: Ethical Challenges.P. S. Duggan, A. W. Siegel, D. M. Blass, H. Bok, J. T. Coyle, R. Faden, J. Finkel, J. D. Gearhart, H. T. Greely, A. Hillis, A. Hoke, R. Johnson, M. Johnston, J. Kahn, D. Kerr & P. King - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (5):31-36.
    The prospect of using cell-based interventions to treat neurological conditions raises several important ethical and policy questions. In this target article, we focus on issues related to the unique constellation of traits that characterize CBIs targeted at the central nervous system. In particular, there is at least a theoretical prospect that these cells will alter the recipients' cognition, mood, and behavior—brain functions that are central to our concept of the self. The potential for such changes, although perhaps remote, is cause (...)
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  24.  15
    Developing and testing a teaching intermediate concept measure of moral functioning: a preliminary reliability and validity study.Shani Kerr - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (5):350-364.
    The neo-Kohlbergian approach to moral reasoning development maintains that intermediate concepts lie between bedrock moral schemas and professional codes of ethics and deal with issues of confidentiality, competence, informed consent, allocation of resources and professional autonomy (Rest et. al, 1999b Rest, J., Narvaez, D., Bebeau, M., & Thoma, S. J. (1999b). Postconventional moral thinking: A neo-Kohlbergian approach. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.[Crossref], [Google Scholar]). Intermediate concepts provide concrete guides for behavior, they contrast general moral schemas that are concerned with issues of fairness, (...)
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  25.  43
    J. M. Van Ophuijsen: Hephaestion, On Metre: a Translation and Commentary. (Mnemosyne, Suppl. 100.) Pp. xiii + 186. Leiden: Brill, 1987. Paper, fl. 76 ($34.50). [REVIEW]E. Kerr Borthwick - 1989 - The Classical Review 39 (1):134-135.
  26.  5
    Time-resolved optical Kerr effect experiments on supercooled benzene and test of mode-coupling theory.M. Ricci, S. Wiebel, P. Bartolini, A. Taschin & R. Torre - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (13-16):1491-1498.
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  27.  3
    The observation of domain structure in magnetic thin films by means of the kerr magneto-optic effect.M. Prutton - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (45):1063-1067.
  28.  34
    Book Review: Ian Kerr, Valerie Steeves, Carole Lucock (Eds.), lessons from the identity trail (2009). [REVIEW]Andrea M. Matwyshyn - 2009 - Identity in the Information Society 2 (3):363-368.
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  29.  6
    On the Gyromagnetic and Gyrogravito-Magnetic Ratios of the Electron.M. D. Pollock - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (6):611-643.
    The magnetic dipole moment of the Kerr–Newman metric, defined by mass \, electrical charge \ and angular momentum \, is \, corresponding, for all values of \, to a gyromagnetic ratio \, which is also the value of the intrinsic gyromagnetic ratio of the electron, as first noted by Carter. Here, we argue that this result can be understood in terms of the particle-wave complementarity principle. For \ can only be defined at asymptotic spatial infinity, where the metric appears (...)
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  30.  5
    Aquinas and the Metaphysics of Creation. By Gaven Kerr.Alice M. Ramos - 2020 - International Philosophical Quarterly 60 (4):492-495.
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  31.  10
    Book Review:Morality and Religion: Being the Kerr Lectures for 1893-94. James Kidd. [REVIEW]R. M. Wenley - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (1):118-.
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  32.  3
    Kuona, An African Perspective on Religions.Isaac M. T. Mwase - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 36:161-165.
    Kuona is a Shona verb meaning "to see." In poetic constructions, it is often used as an ocular metaphor meaning insight or understanding. This ocular metaphor can be used to describe Mugambi’s assessment of the exclusivistic claims one often encounters in the Abrahamic religions. Such claims often arise from a strongly held belief that the adherent is one of God’s chosen. Mugambi has emerged as one of the most articulate philosophical theologians in the African continent. His reflections, ubiquitous in (...)
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  33.  10
    Review of James Kidd: Morality and Religion: Being the Kerr Lectures for 1893-94.[REVIEW]R. M. Wenley - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (1):118-119.
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  34.  1
    Review of James Kidd: Morality and Religion: Being the Kerr Lectures for 1893-94.[REVIEW]R. M. Wenley - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (1):118-119.
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  35.  54
    Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. 31 May - 3 June 2015.Lex Bouter, Melissa S. Anderson, Ana Marusic, Sabine Kleinert, Susan Zimmerman, Paulo S. L. Beirão, Laura Beranzoli, Giuseppe Di Capua, Silvia Peppoloni, Maria Betânia de Freitas Marques, Adriana Sousa, Claudia Rech, Torunn Ellefsen, Adele Flakke Johannessen, Jacob Holen, Raymond Tait, Jillon Van der Wall, John Chibnall, James M. DuBois, Farida Lada, Jigisha Patel, Stephanie Harriman, Leila Posenato Garcia, Adriana Nascimento Sousa, Cláudia Maria Correia Borges Rech, Oliveira Patrocínio, Raphaela Dias Fernandes, Laressa Lima Amâncio, Anja Gillis, David Gallacher, David Malwitz, Tom Lavrijssen, Mariusz Lubomirski, Malini Dasgupta, Katie Speanburg, Elizabeth C. Moylan, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Nikolas Offenhauser, Markus Feufel, Niklas Keller, Volker Bähr, Diego Oliveira Guedes, Douglas Leonardo Gomes Filho, Vincent Larivière, Rodrigo Costas, Daniele Fanelli, Mark William Neff, Aline Carolina de Oliveira Machado Prata, Limbanazo Matandika, Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Karina de A. Rocha - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (Suppl 1).
    Table of contentsI1 Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research IntegrityConcurrent Sessions:1. Countries' systems and policies to foster research integrityCS01.1 Second time around: Implementing and embedding a review of responsible conduct of research policy and practice in an Australian research-intensive universitySusan Patricia O'BrienCS01.2 Measures to promote research integrity in a university: the case of an Asian universityDanny Chan, Frederick Leung2. Examples of research integrity education programmes in different countriesCS02.1 Development of a state-run “cyber education program of research ethics” in (...)
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  36. Berenice M. Kerr, Religious Life For Women, c. 1100–c. 1350: Fontevraud in England.(Oxford Historical Monographs.) Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Pp. xix, 299; black-and-white figures, maps, and tables. $75. [REVIEW]Sharon Elkins - 2001 - Speculum 76 (3):754-755.
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  37.  17
    Patients’ and public views and attitudes towards the sharing of health data for research: a narrative review of the empirical evidence.Shona Kalkman, Johannes van Delden, Amitava Banerjee, Benoît Tyl, Menno Mostert & Ghislaine van Thiel - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (1):3-13.
    IntroductionInternational sharing of health data opens the door to the study of the so-called ‘Big Data’, which holds great promise for improving patient-centred care. Failure of recent data sharing initiatives indicates an urgent need to invest in societal trust in researchers and institutions. Key to an informed understanding of such a ‘social license’ is identifying the views patients and the public may hold with regard to data sharing for health research.MethodsWe performed a narrative review of the empirical evidence addressing patients’ (...)
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  38. The Self and the Good: Taylor's Moral Ontology'.Fergus Kerr - 2000 - In Ruth Abbey (ed.), Charles Taylor. Cambridge: Routledge. pp. 84--104.
     
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  39.  30
    The Social Value of Pragmatic Trials.Shona Kalkman, Ghislaine van Thiel, Rieke van der Graaf, Mira Zuidgeest, Iris Goetz, Diederick Grobbee & Johannes van Delden - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (2):136-143.
    Pragmatic trials aim to directly inform health care decision-making through the collection of so-called ‘real world data’ from observations of comparative treatment effects in clinical practice. In order to ensure the applicability and feasibility of a pragmatic trial, design features may be necessary that deviate from standard research ethics requirements. Examples are traditional requirements to seek written informed consent and to perform extensive data and safety monitoring. Proposals for deviations from standard research ethics practice have resulted in controversy about their (...)
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  40.  6
    Rethinking Food System Transformation.Rachel Bezner Kerr, T. L. Pendergrast, Bobby J. Smith Ii & Jeffrey Liebert (eds.) - 2023 - Springer Nature Switzerland.
    This book contains a collection of selected papers from the 2017 Farm-to-Plate: Uniting for a Just and Sustainable Food System conference in Ithaca, New York, which explored what different advocates, stakeholders, growers, and community members today prioritize when it comes to justice, action, and transformation in the agri-food system. The research presented at this symposium shows the diverse range of approaches scientists have taken to investigate this aforementioned question. The papers represent a combined effort to creatively educate, share, and connect (...)
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  41.  46
    The Possibility of Metaphysics: Environmental Ethics and the Naturalistic Fallacy.Andrew J. Kerr - 2000 - Environmental Ethics 22 (1):85-99.
    One of the most distinguishing features of environmental ethics has been the effort to develop a nonanthropocentric intrinsic value theory, that is, a definition of the good which is not dependent upon some quality particular to humanity, a definition of the good whereby properties found in the terrestrial, nonhuman world are constitutive of that definition. In this paper, I argue that major nonanthropocentric theories suffer from arbitrariness. I argue through the use of representative thinkers that much nonathropocentric theory has committed (...)
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  42.  12
    Applying classification controls to Internet content in Australia.Shona Leitch & Matthew Warren - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (2):82-97.
    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to explore Australian public and stakeholders views towards the regulation of the Internet and its content. The federal government called for submissions addressing their proposal, and this paper analyses these submissions for themes and provides clarity as to the Australian public and stakeholders key concerns in regards to the proposed policy. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses a qualitative approach to analyse the public consultations to the Australian Federal Government. These documents are coded (...)
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  43.  11
    Aquinas and the metaphysics of creation.Gaven Kerr - 2019 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Philosophies of creation -- The agent of creation -- The meaning of creation -- The causality of creation -- The object of creation -- The history of creation -- The end of creation.
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  44.  3
    Encounters in thought : beyond instrumental reason.Aaron K. Kerr - 2019 - Eugene, Oregon: Cascade Books.
    Thinking is a dynamic process resulting from practices of integration. Thought encounters in openness, wonder, receptivity, and contemplation confer upon us intellectual work that is uniquely our own. Digital patterns, however, distract us from these creative encounters. Our intellectual searching is weakened and fragmented by frenetic consumption of information. We miss out on reason's innate pull toward integration and concrete reality. This book is an invitation to enter into openness, wonder, receptivity, and contemplation with deeper understanding and intentionality. We can (...)
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  45.  4
    Topologies of Air and the Airspace Tribunal: Shona Illingworth and Anthony Downey.Shona Illingworth & Anthony Downey - 2021 - Philosophy of Photography 12 (1):7-25.
    Can we deploy creative practices to critically address the fatal interlocking of global surveillance technologies, neo-colonial expansionism, environmental degradation and the lethal threat of drone warfare? Throughout the following conversation, Shona Illingworth and Anthony Downey examine these and other questions in relation to the recent publication of Topologies of Air (Sternberg Press and The Power Plant, 2022). Edited by Downey, the book includes discussion and documentation of two major bodies of work by Illingworth, including Topologies of Air (2021) and (...)
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  46. On Price's Equation and Average Fitness.Kerr Benjamin & Godfrey-Smith Peter - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (4):551-565.
    A number of recent discussions have argued that George Price's equationfor representing evolutionary change is a powerful and illuminatingtool, especially in the context of debates about multiple levels ofselection. Our paper dissects Price's equation in detail, and comparesit to another statistical tool: the calculation and comparison ofaverage fitnesses. The relations between Price's equation and equationsfor evolutionary change using average fitness are closer than issometimes supposed. The two approaches achieve a similar kind ofstatistical summary of one generation of change, and they (...)
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  47.  6
    Decolonizing White Care: Relational Reckoning with the Violence of Coloniality in Welfare.Shona Hunter - 2021 - Ethics and Social Welfare 15 (4):344-362.
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  48.  13
    Randomisation in trials: do potential trial participants understand it and find it acceptable?C. Kerr - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (1):80-84.
    Objective: To examine lay persons’ ability to identify methods of random allocation and their acceptability of using methods of random allocation in a clinical trial context.Design: Leaflets containing hypothetical medical, non-medical, and clinical trial scenarios involving random allocation, using material from guidelines for trial information leaflets.Setting and participants: Adults attending further education colleges , covering a wide range of ages, occupations, and levels of education.Main measures: Judgements of whether each of five methods of allocation to two groups was random in (...)
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  49.  33
    Niche Construction and Cognitive Evolution.Benjamin Kerr - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (3):250-262.
    Despite the fact that animal behavior involves a particularly powerful form of niche construction, few researchers have considered how the environmental impact of behavior may feed back to influence the evolution of the cognitive underpinnings of behavior. I explore a model that explicitly incorporates niche construction while tracking cognitive evolution. Agents and their stimuli are modeled as coevolving populations. The agents are born with “weights” attached to behaviors in a repertoire. Further, these agents are able to change these weights based (...)
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  50.  3
    The Gilby Summa.O. P. Fergus Kerr - 2021 - New Blackfriars 102 (1101):772-794.
    New Blackfriars, Volume 102, Issue 1101, Page 772-794, September 2021.
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