Results for 'Shyama Kumar Chattopadhyaya'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Science, Philosophy, and Culture: Multi-Disciplinary Explorations.D. P. Chattopadhyaya & Ravinder Kumar (eds.) - 1996 - Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  58
    The Philosophy of Sankar's Advaita Vedanta.Shyama Kumar Chattopadhyaya - 2000 - Sarup & Sons.
    Study on Śārīrakamīmāṃsābhāṣya by Śaṅkarācārya.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3. History, Culture, and Truth: Essays Presented to D.P. Chattopadhyaya.Daya Krishna, K. Satchidananda Murty & D. P. Chattopadhyaya (eds.) - 1999 - Kalki Prakash.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Professor Chattopadhyaya As I Know Him -- Kireet Joshi -- 2. On DP. Chattopadhyaya's Picture of Interdisciplinary -- Rajendra Prasad -- 3. The Humanization of Transcendental Philosophy: Notes -- Towards an Understanding of DP. Chattopadhyaya -- R Sundara Rajan -- 4. Freedom-East and West: A Tribute to -- DP. Chattopadhyaya -- Fred Dallmayr -- 5. Traditional Culture and Secularism -- R Balasubramanian -- 6. Induction and Doubt -- PK Sen -- 7. (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Realism, Responses and Reactions: Essays in Honour of Pranab Kumar Sen.Pranab Kumar Sen & D. P. Chattopadhyaya (eds.) - 2000 - Sole Distributor, Munshiram Manoharlal.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Realism, Responses and Reactions. Essays in Honour of Pranab Kumar Sen.D. P. Chattopadhyaya, S. Basu, M. N. Mitra & R. Mukhopadhyay (eds.) - 2000 - Indian Council of Philosophical Research.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Prof. Bimalendra Kumar.Bimalendra Kumar - unknown
    Prof. G.C. Pande in his work ‘ Studies in the Origins of Buddhism ’ speaks of the theory of relation ( paccaya) while discussing the principle of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Theory of relation ( paccaya) is a law explaining the existence of the dhammas , being related by some relations. It is further extension of the law of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Things come to existence in our day-to-day life. The law of dependent origination explains that they (...)
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Philosophy, Science, and Social Progress: Essays in Honour of Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya.Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya, Suman Gupta & Hiltrud Rustau (eds.) - 1992 - People's Pub. House.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Further Papers of Stcherbatsky. Translated for the First Time From the Russian by Harish Chandra Gupta. [Edited by Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya].F. I. Shcherbatskoi, Harish C. Gupta & Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya - 1971 - Indian Studies: Past & Present.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  13
    Induction, Probability and Skepticism.D. P. CHATTOPADHYAYA - 1991 - State University of New York Press.
    Chattopadhyaya (philosophy, Jadavpur U., Calcutta) examines the epistemological and methodological implications of induction and probability.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  5
    Mathematics in the Making in Ancient India: Reprints of "On the Śulva-Sūtras" and "Baudhyāyana Śulva-Sūtra". G. Thibaut, Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya.Pradip Kumar Majumdar - 1990 - Isis 81 (1):98-99.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Moral Reasoning and Emotion.Joshua May & Victor Kumar - 2018 - In Karen Jones, Mark Timmons & Aaron Zimmerman (eds.), Routledge Handbook on Moral Epistemology. Routledge. pp. 139-156.
    This chapter discusses contemporary scientific research on the role of reason and emotion in moral judgment. The literature suggests that moral judgment is influenced by both reasoning and emotion separately, but there is also emerging evidence of the interaction between the two. While there are clear implications for the rationalism-sentimentalism debate, we conclude that important questions remain open about how central emotion is to moral judgment. We also suggest ways in which moral philosophy is not only guided by empirical research (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  12. Overcoming the Legacy of Mistrust: African Americans’ Mistrust of Medical Profession.Marvin J. H. Lee, Kruthika Reddy, Junad Chowdhury, Nishant Kumar, Peter A. Clark, Papa Ndao, Stacey J. Suh & Sarah Song - 2018 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 4 (1):16-40.
    Recent studies show that racism still exists in the American medical profession, the fact of which legitimizes the historically long-legacy of mistrust towards medical profession and health authorities among African Americans. Thus, it was suspected that the participation of black patients in end-of-life care has always been significantly low stemmed primarily from their mistrust of the medical profession. On the other hand, much research finds that there are other reasons than the mistrust which makes African Americans feel reluctant to the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. How to Debunk Moral Beliefs.Victor Kumar & Joshua May - 2019 - In Jussi Suikkanen & Antti Kauppinen (eds.), Methodology and Moral Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 25-48.
    Arguments attempting to debunk moral beliefs, by showing they are unjustified, have tended to be global, targeting all moral beliefs or a large set of them. Popular debunking arguments point to various factors purportedly influencing moral beliefs, from evolutionary pressures, to automatic and emotionally-driven processes, to framing effects. We show that these sweeping arguments face a debunker’s dilemma: either the relevant factor is not a main basis for belief or it does not render the relevant beliefs unjustified. Empirical debunking arguments (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  14. Risking and Wronging.Rahul Kumar - 2015 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 43 (1):27-51.
  15. Moral Reasoning on the Ground.Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar - 2012 - Ethics 122 (2):273-312.
    We present a unified empirical and philosophical account of moral consistency reasoning, a distinctive form of moral reasoning that exposes inconsistencies among moral judgments about concrete cases. Judgments opposed in belief or in emotion and motivation are inconsistent when the cases are similar in morally relevant respects. Moral consistency reasoning, we argue, regularly shapes moral thought and feeling by coordinating two systems described in dual process models of moral cognition. Our empirical explanation of moral change fills a gap in the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  16. Who Can Be Wronged?Rahul Kumar - 2003 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (2):99-118.
  17. Moral Judgment as a Natural Kind.Victor Kumar - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (11):2887-2910.
    In this essay I argue that moral judgment is a natural kind by developing an empirically grounded theory of the distinctive conceptual content of moral judgments. Psychological research on the moral/conventional distinction suggests that in moral judgments right and wrong, good and bad, praiseworthiness and blameworthiness, etc. are conceptualized as serious, general, authority-independent, and objective. After laying out the theory and the empirical evidence that supports it, I address recent empirical and conceptual objections. Finally, I suggest that the theory uniquely (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  18.  31
    “Yes, but This Other One Looks Better/Works Better”: How Do Consumers Respond to Trade-Offs Between Sustainability and Other Valued Attributes?Michael G. Luchs & Minu Kumar - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 140 (3):567-584.
    Consumers are increasingly facing product evaluation and choice situations that include information about product sustainability, i.e., information about a product’s relative environmental and social impact. In many cases, consumers have to make decisions that involve a trade-off between product sustainability and other valued product attributes. Similarly, product and marketing managers need to make decisions that reflect how consumers will respond to different trade-off scenarios. In the current research, we study consumer responses across two different possible trade-off scenarios: one in which (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  19. On the Normative Significance of Experimental Moral Psychology.Victor Kumar & Richmond Campbell - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):311-330.
    Experimental research in moral psychology can be used to generate debunking arguments in ethics. Specifically, research can indicate that we draw a moral distinction on the basis of a morally irrelevant difference. We develop this naturalistic approach by examining a recent debate between Joshua Greene and Selim Berker. We argue that Greene's research, if accurate, undermines attempts to reconcile opposing judgments about trolley cases, but that his attempt to debunk deontology fails. We then draw some general lessons about the possibility (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  20. Empirical Vindication of Moral Luck.Victor Kumar - 2019 - Noûs 53 (4):987-1007.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  21. On the Application of Formal Principles to Life Science Data: A Case Study in the Gene Ontology.Jacob Köhler, Anand Kumar & Barry Smith - 2004 - In Proceedings of DILS 2004 (Data Integration in the Life Sciences), (Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics 2994). Berlin: Springer. pp. 79-94.
    Formal principles governing best practices in classification and definition have for too long been neglected in the construction of biomedical ontologies, in ways which have important negative consequences for data integration and ontology alignment. We argue that the use of such principles in ontology construction can serve as a valuable tool in error-detection and also in supporting reliable manual curation. We argue also that such principles are a prerequisite for the successful application of advanced data integration techniques such as ontology-based (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  22. Contractualism on Saving the Many.R. Kumar - 2001 - Analysis 61 (2):165-170.
  23.  73
    Foul Behavior.Victor Kumar - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17.
    Disgust originated as an evolutionary adaptation for avoiding disease, but it has since infiltrated morality. Many philosophers are skeptical of moral disgust. Skeptics argue that disgust is unreliable and harmful, and that we should eliminate or minimize feelings of disgust in moral thought. However, these arguments are unsuccessful. They do not show that disgust is more problematic than other emotions implicated in morality. Moreover, empirical research suggests that disgust supports important norms and values. Disgust is frequently elicited by “reciprocity violations,” (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  24. Psychopathy and Internalism.Victor Kumar - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (3):318-345.
    Do psychopaths make moral judgments but lack motivation? Or are psychopaths’ judgments are not genuinely moral? Both sides of this debate seem to assume either externalist or internalist criteria for the presence of moral judgment. However, if moral judgment is a natural kind, we can arrive at a theory-neutral criterion for moral judgment. A leading naturalistic criterion suggests that psychopaths have an impaired capacity for moral judgment; the capacity is neither fully present nor fully absent. Psychopaths are therefore not counterexamples (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  25.  52
    Rational Learners and Moral Rules.Shaun Nichols, Shikhar Kumar, Theresa Lopez, Alisabeth Ayars & Hoi-Yee Chan - 2016 - Mind and Language 31 (5):530-554.
    People draw subtle distinctions in the normative domain. But it remains unclear exactly what gives rise to such distinctions. On one prominent approach, emotion systems trigger non-utilitarian judgments. The main alternative, inspired by Chomskyan linguistics, suggests that moral distinctions derive from an innate moral grammar. In this article, we draw on Bayesian learning theory to develop a rational learning account. We argue that the ‘size principle’, which is implicated in word learning, can also explain how children would use scant and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  26.  31
    The Empirical Identity of Moral Judgment.Victor Kumar - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (265):783-804.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  27.  30
    Moral Vindications.Victor Kumar - 2017 - Cognition 167:124-134.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28.  96
    Honor and Moral Revolution.Victor Kumar & Richmond Campbell - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (1):147-59.
    Western philosophers have generally neglected honor as a moral phenomenon worthy of serious study. Appiah’s recent work on honor in moral revolutions is an important exception, but even he is careful to separate honor from morality, regarding it as only “an ally” of morality. In this paper we take Appiah to be right about the psychological, social, and historical role honor has played in three notable moral revolutions, but wrong about the moral nature of honor. We defend two new theses: (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  29. Ontology-Based Error Detection in SNOMED-CT.Werner Ceusters, Barry Smith, Anand Kumar & Christoffel Dhaen - 2004 - Proceedings of Medinfo 2004:482-6.
    Quality assurance in large terminologies is a difficult issue. We present two algorithms that can help terminology developers and users to identify potential mistakes. We demon­strate the methodology by outlining the different types of mistakes that are found when the algorithms are applied to SNOMED-CT. On the basis of the results, we argue that both formal logical and linguistic tools should be used in the development and quality-assurance process of large terminologies.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  30. Quantum: Einstein, Bohr, and the Great Debate About the Nature of Reality.Manjit Kumar - 2009 - Hachette India.
    The reluctant revolutionary -- The patent slave -- The golden Dane -- The quantum atom -- When Einstein met Bohr -- The prince of duality -- Spin doctors -- The quantum magician -- A late erotic outburst -- Uncertainty in Copenhagen -- Solvay 1927 -- Einstein forgets relativity -- Quantum reality -- For whom Bell's theorem tolls -- The quantum demon.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  31.  61
    Risking Future Generations.Rahul Kumar - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (2):245-257.
    Many of the policy choices we face that have implications for the lives of future generations involve creating a risk that they will live lives that are significantly compromised. I argue that we can fruitfully make use of the resources of Scanlon’s contractualist account of moral reasoning to make sense of the intuitive idea that, in many cases, the objection to adopting a policy that puts the interest of future generations at risk is that doing so wrongs those who will (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  32. Wronging Future People: A Contractualist Proposal.Rahul Kumar - 2009 - In Gosseries Axel & Meyers L. (eds.), Intergenerational Justice. Oxford University Press. pp. 251--272.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  33. Is Consequential Luck Morally Inconsequential? Empirical Psychology and the Reassessment of Moral Luck.Edward Royzman & Rahul Kumar - 2004 - Ratio 17 (3):329–344.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  34. Controlled Vocabularies in Bioinformatics: A Case Study in the Gene Ontology.Barry Smith & Anand Kumar - 2004 - Drug Discovery Today: Biosilico 2 (6):246-252.
    The automatic integration of information resources in the life sciences is one of the most challenging goals facing biomedical informatics today. Controlled vocabularies have played an important role in realizing this goal, by making it possible to draw together information from heterogeneous sources secure in the knowledge that the same terms will also represent the same entities on all occasions of use. One of the most impressive achievements in this regard is the Gene Ontology (GO), which is rapidly acquiring the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  35. ‘Knowledge’ as a Natural Kind Term.Victor Kumar - 2014 - Synthese 191 (3):439-457.
    Naturalists who conceive of knowledge as a natural kind are led to treat ‘knowledge’ as a natural kind term. ‘Knowledge,’ then, must behave semantically in the ways that seem to support a direct reference theory for other natural kind terms. A direct reference theory for ‘knowledge,’ however, appears to leave open too many possibilities about the identity of knowledge. Intuitively, states of belief count as knowledge only if they meet epistemic criteria, not merely if they bear a causal/historical relation to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  36.  38
    Using Movement and Intentions to Understand Human Activity.Jeffrey M. Zacks, Shawn Kumar, Richard A. Abrams & Ritesh Mehta - 2009 - Cognition 112 (2):201-216.
  37. Defending the Moral Moderate: Contractualism and Common Sense.Rahul Kumar - 1999 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 28 (4):275-309.
  38. Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T. M. Scanlon.R. Jay Wallace, Rahul Kumar & Samuel Freeman (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Reasons and Recognition brings together fourteen new papers on an array of topics from the many areas to which Scanlon has made path-breaking contributions, ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  39.  28
    A Justification of Whistleblowing.Daniele Santoro & Manohar Kumar - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (7):669-684.
    Whistleblowing is the act of disclosing information from a public or private organization in order to reveal cases of corruption that are of immediate or potential danger to the public. Blowing the whistle involves personal risk, especially when legal protection is absent, and charges of betrayal, which often come in the form of legal prosecution under treason laws. In this article we argue that whistleblowing is justified when disclosures are made with the proper intent and fulfill specific communicative constraints in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  40. Pragmatic Naturalism and Moral Objectivity.Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar - 2013 - Analysis 73 (3):446-455.
    In Kitcher’s ‘pragmatic naturalism’ moral evolution consists in pragmatically motivated moral changes in response to practical difficulties in social life. No moral truths or facts exist that could serve as an ‘external’ measure for moral progress. We propose a psychologically realistic conception of moral objectivity consistent with this pragmatic naturalism yet alive to the familiar sense that moral progress has an objective basis that transcends convention and consensus in moral opinion, even when these are products of serious, extended and collaborative (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  41.  17
    Results of a Self-Assessment Tool to Assess the Operational Characteristics of Research Ethics Committees in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.Henry Silverman, Hany Sleem, Keymanthri Moodley, Nandini Kumar, Sudeshni Naidoo, Thilakavathi Subramanian, Rola Jaafar & Malini Moni - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4):332-337.
  42. Oncology Ontology in the NCI Thesaurus.Anand Kumar & Barry Smith - 2005 - Artificial Intelligence in Medicine:213-220.
    The National Cancer Institute’s Thesaurus (NCIT) has been created with the goal of providing a controlled vocabulary which can be used by specialists in the various sub-domains of oncology. It is intended to be used for purposes of annotation in ways designed to ensure the integration of data and information deriving from these various sub-domains, and thus to support more powerful cross-domain inferences. In order to evaluate its suitability for this purpose, we examined the NCIT’s treatment of the kinds of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  43. Nation-States as Empires, Empires as Nation-States: Two Principles, One Practice? [REVIEW]Krishan Kumar - 2010 - Theory and Society 39 (2):119-143.
  44. Reasonable Reasons in Contractualist Moral Argument.Rahul Kumar - 2003 - Ethics 114 (1):6-37.
  45.  60
    Moral Learning: Psychological and Philosophical Perspectives.Fiery Cushman, Victor Kumar & Peter Railton - 2017 - Cognition 167:1-10.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46.  90
    Mistakes in Medical Ontologies: Where Do They Come From and How Can They Be Detected?Werner Ceusters, Barry Smith, Anand Kumar & Christoffel Dhaen - 2004 - Studies in Health and Technology Informatics 102:145-164.
    We present the details of a methodology for quality assurance in large medical terminologies and describe three algorithms that can help terminology developers and users to identify potential mistakes. The methodology is based in part on linguistic criteria and in part on logical and ontological principles governing sound classifications. We conclude by outlining the results of applying the methodology in the form of a taxonomy different types of errors and potential errors detected in SNOMED-CT.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  47.  68
    Investigating Subsumption in DL-Based Terminologies: A Case Study in SNOMED CT.Olivier Bodenreider, Barry Smith, Anand Kumar & Anita Burgun - 2004 - In Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Formal Biomedical Knowledge Representation (KR-MED 2004). pp. 12-20.
    Formalisms such as description logics (DL) are sometimes expected to help terminologies ensure compliance with sound ontological principles. The objective of this paper is to study the degree to which one DL-based biomedical terminology (SNOMED CT) complies with such principles. We defined seven ontological principles (for example: each class must have at least one parent, each class must differ from its parent) and examined the properties of SNOMED CT classes with respect to these principles. Our major results are: 31% of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  48. The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology: Some Critical Reflections.Anand Kumar & Barry Smith - 2003 - In A. Günter, R. Kruse & B. Neumann (eds.), KI 2003: Advances in Artificial Intelligence. Berlin: Springer. pp. 135-148.
    The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology are among the most widely used terminology resources in the biomedical domain. However, when we evaluate them in the light of simple principles for wellconstructed ontologies we find a number of characteristic inadequacies. Employing the theory of granular partitions, a new approach to the understanding of ontologies and of the relationships ontologies bear to instances in reality, we provide an application of this theory in relation to an example drawn from the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  49.  31
    Speaking Truth to Power. A Theory of Whistleblowing.Daniele Santoro & Manohar Kumar - 2018 - Springer.
    Whistleblowing is the public disclosure of information with the purpose of revealing wrongdoings and abuses of power that harm the public interest. This book presents a comprehensive theory of whistleblowing: it defines the concept, reconstructs its origins, discusses it within the current ethical debate, and elaborates a justification of unauthorized disclosures. Its normative proposal is based on three criteria of permissibility: the communicative constraints, the intent, and the public interest conditions. The book distinguishes between two forms of whistleblowing, civic and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50. Revising the UMLS Semantic Network.Steffen Schulze-Kremer, Barry Smith & Anand Kumar - 2004 - In MedInfo.
    The integration of standardized biomedical terminologies into a single, unified knowledge representation system has formed a key area of applied informatics research in recent years. The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) is the most advanced and most prominent effort in this direction, bringing together within its Metathesaurus a large number of distinct source-terminologies. The UMLS Semantic Network, which is designed to support the integration of these source-terminologies, has proved to be a highly successful combination of formal coherence and broad scope. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000