Software piracy is older than the PC and has been the subject of several studies, which have found it to be a widespread phenomenon in general, and among university students in particular. An earlier study by Cohen and Cornwell from a decade ago is replicated, adding questions about downloading music from the Internet. The survey includes responses from 224 students in entry-level courses at two schools, a nondenominational suburban university and a Catholic urban college with similar student profiles. The study (...) found that there has been few if any changes in student opinions regarding the unauthorized duplication of copy- righted materials. Students generally felt that copying commercial software and downloading music from the Internet was acceptable and found that there was no significant correlation between student attitudes and their school’s religious affiliation or lack thereof. Additionally, the study found that a small but significant percentage of respondents considered the other questionable behaviors as ethically acceptable. Finally, the reasons for these attitudes are discussed as well as what colleges can do to correct the situation. (shrink)
PART I : THE GOD-QUESTION TODAY -- God as a problem -- The denial of God in modern atheism -- The predicament of theology in the face of atheism -- Experience of God and knowledge of God -- Knowledge of God in faith. PART II : THE MESSAGE ABOUT THE GOD OF JESUS CHRIST -- God, the father almighty -- Jesus Christ, son of God -- The Holy Spirit, Lord, and giver of life. PART III : THE TRINITARIAN MYSTERY OF (...) GOD -- Establishment of the doctrine of the Trinity -- Exposition of the doctrine of the Trinity. (shrink)
Organizations increasingly rely on algorithm-based HR decision-making to monitor their employees. This trend is reinforced by the technology industry claiming that its decision-making tools are efficient and objective, downplaying their potential biases. In our manuscript, we identify an important challenge arising from the efficiency-driven logic of algorithm-based HR decision-making, namely that it may shift the delicate balance between employees’ personal integrity and compliance more in the direction of compliance. We suggest that critical data literacy, ethical awareness, the use of participatory (...) design methods, and private regulatory regimes within civil society can help overcome these challenges. Our paper contributes to literature on workplace monitoring, critical data studies, personal integrity, and literature at the intersection between HR management and corporate responsibility. (shrink)
The traditional view on simple sentences in subjunctive mood regards them as a kind of counterfactual conditional with a missing antecedent. This paper discusses the nature of these unexpressed antecedents by relating such sentences to corresponding sentences in indicative mood and full counterfactual conditionals. Usually it is assumed that context is the main source for retrieving these unexpressed conditions. It is shown here that they can also be considered as presupposition-like entities induced by the semantic content of the simple subjunctive (...) sentence itself. Subjunctive sentences also raise problems for standard assumptions of how the meanings of expressions contribute to sentence meaning. For in simple subjunctive sentences sentential constituents can play a different role from that in indicative sentences: in subjunctives they must be interpreted as contributing to the unexpressed antecedent of the underlying conditional rather than to the consequent. Finally, a representation for simple subjunctive sentences as conditionals in Discourse Representation Theory is proposed together with a mechanism for deriving the antecedents of these conditionals from the content of the sentence. The mechanism accounts for the different roles of the constituents in simple indicative and subjunctive sentences without requiring special syntactic-semantic rules. (shrink)
We give picture-covariant formulations of the equations of motion for observables and states such that the Hamiltonian operator is transformed asH-0304;=U(t)HU † (t) under a time-dependent unitary transformationU(t). Next, we consider the explicit and implicit covariance of Heisenberg's equations of motion for observables with respect to general transformations of coordinate operators. Most of our representation is spread out over a number of textbooks and articles, where the subject has been considered with greater or lesser clarity from different points of view.
Résumé Discours prononcé à l’occasion de la remise d’un doctorat honoris causa par l’Université Laval, le 3 avril 2003.Response to the conferment of an honorary degree by Université Laval, on 3 April 2003.
This paper tries to shed some light on the paradox that people cling to national ideologies at just the time when nations are counting less and less in social, cultural, economic and political affairs, and when transnational corporations and international organizations increasingly determine the framework of things. Many nations still rigidly think of themselves as independent and sovereign, accountable to no one but themselves, even when our global interdependence can no longer be ignored or denied. Ethnic cleansing and crimes against (...) humanity testify to the dangers of isolationist tendencies, such as blind conservatism, which we may escape only by cultivating and advancing democracy and a shared public life on a global scale, i.e. by developing transnational institutions on strictly empirical and experimental grounds that could assist people in coping with the newly emerging world-order. Key Words: cosmopolitanism ethnic cleansing ethnic codes human rights international organizations nationalism natural rights negotiated agreements patriotism self-evident truths sovereignty universal moral principles. (shrink)