Results for 'Siegfried Wallgast'

610 found
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  1.  9
    The Mass Ornament: Weimar EssaysCritical Realism: History, Photography, and the Work of Siegfried Kracauer.Lydia Goehr, Siegfried Kracauer, Thomas Y. Levin & Dagmar Barnouw - 1996 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 54 (4):397.
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  2. Dispositional Essentialism and the Grounding of Natural Modality.Siegfried Jaag - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14.
    Dispositional essentialism is a non-Humean view about the essences of certain fundamental or natural properties that looms large in recent metaphysics , not least because it promises to explain neatly the natural modalities such as laws of nature, counterfactuals, causation and chance. In the current paper, however, several considerations are presented that indicate a serious tension between its essentialist core thesis and natural “metaphysical” interpretations of its central explanatory claims.
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  3. Making Best Systems Best for Us.Siegfried Jaag & Christian Loew - 2018 - Synthese:1-26.
    Humean reductionism about laws of nature appears to leave a central aspect of scientific practice unmotivated: If the world’s fundamental structure is exhausted by the actual distribution of non-modal properties and the laws of nature are merely efficient summaries of this distribution, then why does science posit laws that cover a wide range of non-actual circumstances? In this paper, we develop a new version of the Humean best systems account of laws based on the idea that laws need to organize (...)
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  4.  25
    Composition, a Neglected Aspect of the Chemical Revolution.Robert Siegfried & Betty Jo Dobbs - 1968 - Annals of Science 24 (4):275-293.
  5.  22
    Deception and Cognitive Load: Expanding Our Horizon with a Working Memory Model.Siegfried L. Sporer - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  6. Philosophie Als Sprachkritik Im 19. Jahrhundert. Textauswahl. Hrsg. Von Hermann-Josef Cloeren [Und Siegfried J. Schmidt.]. [REVIEW]Hermann-Josef Cloeren & Siegfried J. Schmidt - 1971 - Frommann-Holzboog.
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  7. Von Aufklärung Bis Zweifel: Beiträge Zu Philosophie, Geschichte Und Philosophiegeschichte: Festschrift für Siegfried Wollgast.Siegfried Wollgast, Gerhard Banse, Herbert Hörz & Heinz Liebscher (eds.) - 2008 - Trafo-Verlag.
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  8.  14
    Mehrwertige Logik: Eine Einführung in Theorie Und Anwendungen.Siegfried Gottwald - 1989 - De Gruyter.
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  9. Why Defend Humean Supervenience?Siegfried Jaag & Christian Loew - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy 117 (7):387-406.
    Humean Supervenience is a metaphysical model of the world according to which all truths hold in virtue of nothing but the total spatiotemporal distribution of perfectly natural, intrinsic properties. David Lewis and others have worked out many aspects of HS in great detail. A larger motivational question, however, remains unanswered: As Lewis admits, there is strong evidence from fundamental physics that HS is false. What then is the purpose of defending HS? In this paper, we argue that the philosophical merit (...)
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  10.  26
    Many-Valued Logic.Siegfried Gottwald - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  11. Student Attitudes on Software Piracy and Related Issues of Computer Ethics.Robert M. Siegfried - 2004 - Ethics and Information Technology 6 (4):215-222.
    Software piracy is older than the PC and has been the subject of several studies, which have found it to be a widespread phenomenon in general, and among university students in particular. An earlier study by Cohen and Cornwell from a decade ago is replicated, adding questions about downloading music from the Internet. The survey includes responses from 224 students in entry-level courses at two schools, a nondenominational suburban university and a Catholic urban college with similar student profiles. The study (...)
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  12.  43
    Universes of Fuzzy Sets and Axiomatizations of Fuzzy Set Theory. Part I: Model-Based and Axiomatic Approaches.Siegfried Gottwald - 2006 - Studia Logica 82 (2):211-244.
    For classical sets one has with the cumulative hierarchy of sets, with axiomatizations like the system ZF, and with the category SET of all sets and mappings standard approaches toward global universes of all sets. We discuss here the corresponding situation for fuzzy set theory.Our emphasis will be on various approaches toward (more or less naively formed)universes of fuzzy sets as well as on axiomatizations, and on categories of fuzzy sets.
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  13. Naturphilosophie - von der Spekulation Zur Wissenschaft. Hrsg. Von Herbert Hörz, Rolf Löther [Und] Siegfried Wollgast.Herbert Hörz, Rolf Löther & Siegfried Wollgast - 1969 - Akademie Verlag.
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  14.  7
    Zur Bedeutung sportbezogener Orientierungs- und Verhaltensmuster in der Familie für das Sportengagement Jugendlicher.Siegfried Nagel, Torsten Schlesinger, Claudia Klostermann & Christelle Hayoz - 2016 - Sport Und Gesellschaft 13 (3):251-280.
    Summary Young people differ widely in their sports behavior and show high drop-out rates from organized sports. One explanation from socialization theory refers to the transgenerational mediation of sports behavior and orientations toward sports within the family. The present study investigates the relevance of orientations toward sports and behavioral patterns within the family to young people’s sports behavior. Using methodological triangulation between multiple linear regression and qualitative interviews of young people between the ages of 15 and 20, the study investigates (...)
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  15.  20
    Photography.Siegfried Kracauer & Thomas Y. Levin - 1993 - Critical Inquiry 19 (3):421-436.
  16. What Humeans Should Say About Tied Best Systems.Christian Loew & Siegfried Jaag - 2020 - Analysis 80 (2):273-282.
    The Humean best systems account identifies laws of nature with the regularities in a system of truths that, as a whole, best conforms to scientific standards for theory-choice. A principled problem for the BSA is that it returns the wrong verdicts about laws in cases where multiple systems, containing different regularities, satisfy these standards equally well. This problem affects every version of the BSA because it arises regardless of which standards for theory-choice Humeans adopt. In this paper, we propose a (...)
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  17. Humean Laws and (Nested) Counterfactuals.Christian Loew & Siegfried Jaag - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly 70 (278):93-113.
    Humean reductionism about laws of nature is the view that the laws reduce to the total distribution of non-modal or categorical properties in spacetime. A worry about Humean reductionism is that it cannot motivate the characteristic modal resilience of laws under counterfactual suppositions and that it thus generates wrong verdicts about certain nested counterfactuals. In this paper, we defend Humean reductionism by motivating an account of the modal resilience of Humean laws that gets nested counterfactuals right.
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  18.  7
    What Does It Mean to Be an Empiricist?: Empiricisms in Eighteenth Century Sciences.Anne-Lise Rey & Siegfried Bodenmann (eds.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This book begins with an observation: At the time when empiricism arose and slowly established itself, the word itself had not yet been coined. Hence the central question of this volume: What does it mean to conduct empirical science in early modern Europe? How can we catch the elusive figure of the empiricist? Our answer focuses on the practices established by representative scholars. This approach allows us to demonstrate two things. First, that empiricism is not a monolith but exists in (...)
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  19.  15
    Making Best Systems Best for Us.Christian Loew & Siegfried Jaag - 2020 - Synthese 197 (6):2525-2550.
    Humean reductionism about laws of nature appears to leave a central aspect of scientific practice unmotivated: If the world’s fundamental structure is exhausted by the actual distribution of non-modal properties and the laws of nature are merely efficient summaries of this distribution, then why does science posit laws that cover a wide range of non-actual circumstances? In this paper, we develop a new version of the Humean best systems account of laws based on the idea that laws need to organize (...)
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  20.  43
    Mathematical Fuzzy Logics.Siegfried Gottwald - 2008 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (2):210-239.
    The last decade has seen an enormous development in infinite-valued systems and in particular in such systems which have become known as mathematical fuzzy logics. The paper discusses the mathematical background for the interest in such systems of mathematical fuzzy logics, as well as the most important ones of them. It concentrates on the propositional cases, and mentions the first-order systems more superficially. The main ideas, however, become clear already in this restricted setting.
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  21.  1
    Introduction.Anne-Lise Rey & Siegfried Bodenmann - 2018 - In Anne-Lise Rey & Siegfried Bodenmann (eds.), What Does It Mean to Be an Empiricist?: Empiricisms in Eighteenth Century Sciences. Springer Verlag. pp. 1-11.
    In asking what it means to be an empiricist, the present volume does not seek to provide a definitive or authoritative introduction to the foundation and establishment of empiricism. Instead, our objectives are to deconstruct some misleading preconceptions and to propose some new perspectives on this much used but still somehow ambiguous concept. It marks the beginning of a new reflection rather than a conclusion.Throughout this volume, we aim to present empiricism as the result of two parallel dialogues. First, it (...)
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  22.  63
    Adapting to an Initial Self-Regulatory Task Cancels the Ego Depletion Effect.Junhua Dang, Siegfried Dewitte, Lihua Mao, Shanshan Xiao & Yucai Shi - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):816-821.
    The resource-based model of self-regulation provides a pessimistic view of self-regulation that people are destined to lose their self-control after having engaged in any act of self-regulation because these acts deplete the limited resource that people need for successful self-regulation. The cognitive control theory, however, offers an alternative explanation and suggests that the depletion effect reflects switch costs between different cognitive control processes recruited to deal with demanding tasks. This account implies that the depletion effect will not occur once people (...)
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  23. From Literary Discourses To the Social System of Literature.Siegfried J. Schmidt - 1991 - Thesis Eleven 29 (1):95-104.
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  24.  69
    The Nature of Rights Debate Rests on a Mistake.Siegfried Van Duffel - 2012 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (1):104-123.
    The recent debate over the nature of rights has been dominated by two rival theories of rights. Proponents of the Will Theory of rights hold that individual freedom, autonomy, control, or sovereignty are somehow to be fundamental to the concept of a right, while proponents of the Interest Theory argue that rights rather protect people's welfare. Participants in this debate commonly assume the existence of a single ‘concept’ of which both theories provide competing descriptions. The aim of this article is (...)
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  25.  5
    Ein Beitrag Zur Deutung der Theodoros-Stelle in Platons Dialog «Theaetet».Siegfried Heller - 1956 - Centaurus 5 (1):1-58.
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  26.  11
    Einstweilige Verfügungen. Die Männlichkeit Im Zeitalter Ihrer Theoretischen Reproduzierbarkeit.Siegfried Kaltenecker - 2000 - Die Philosophin 11 (22):37-51.
  27.  38
    Universes of Fuzzy Sets and Axiomatizations of Fuzzy Set Theory. Part II: Category Theoretic Approaches.Siegfried Gottwald - 2006 - Studia Logica 84 (1):23-50.
    For classical sets one has with the cumulative hierarchy of sets, with axiomatizations like the system ZF, and with the category SET of all sets and mappings standard approaches toward global universes of all sets.We discuss here the corresponding situation for fuzzy set theory. Our emphasis will be on various approaches toward (more or less naively formed) universes of fuzzy sets as well as on axiomatizations, and on categories of fuzzy sets.
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  28. Libertarian Natural Rights.Siegfried van Duffel - 2004 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 16 (4):353-375.
    Non-consequentialist libertarianism usually revolves around the claim that there are only “negative,” not “positive,” rights. Libertarian nega- tive-rights theories are so patently problematic, though, that it seems that there is a more fundamental notion at work. Some libertarians think this basic idea is freedom or liberty; others, that it is self-ownership. Neither approach is satis- factory.
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  29. Ceteris Paribus Laws.Alexander Reutlinger, Gerhard Schurz, Andreas Hüttemann & Siegfried Jaag - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Laws of nature take center stage in philosophy of science. Laws are usually believed to stand in a tight conceptual relation to many important key concepts such as causation, explanation, confirmation, determinism, counterfactuals etc. Traditionally, philosophers of science have focused on physical laws, which were taken to be at least true, universal statements that support counterfactual claims. But, although this claim about laws might be true with respect to physics, laws in the special sciences (such as biology, psychology, economics etc.) (...)
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  30.  3
    Darwinism and the Cultural Evolution of Sports.Andreas De Block & Siegfried Dewitte - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (1):1-16.
    Evolutionary theory has gained some ground in the social sciences, but not without resistance. It must be said that at least some of the resistance on the part of social scientists is justified insofar as social and cultural phenomena such as sports are often much more complex than many evolutionary theorists seem to think. We propose in this paper an evolutionary approach to sports that takes into account its profoundly cultural character, thereby overcoming the traditional nature-culture dichotomies in the sociology (...)
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  31.  4
    La guerre en lettres : La controverse scientifique dans les correspondances des Lumières.Siegfried Bodenmann & Anne-Lise Rey - 2013 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 66 (2):233.
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  32.  16
    Drosophila Wingless: A Paradigm for the Function and Mechanism of Wnt Signaling.Esther Siegfried & Norbert Perrimon - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (6):395-404.
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  33.  50
    In Defence of the Will Theory of Rights.Siegfried Van Duffel - 2012 - Res Publica 18 (4):321-331.
    Nicholas Vrousalis has aimed to recast an old objection to the will theory of rights by focusing on Hillel Steiner’s version of that theory. He has argued that Will Theory must either be insensitive to the (values of the) lives of the unempowerable, or be incomplete, because it has no argumentative resources within its conceptual apparatus to ascribe or justify restrictions on the amount of discretion exercised by legal officials. I show that both charges are problematic. They rely on some (...)
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  34.  33
    Siegfried Melchinger: Die Welt Als Tragödie. Band I: Aischylos, Sophokles. Pp. 370. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1979. [REVIEW]Colin Leach - 1982 - The Classical Review 32 (2):273-274.
  35. Histories and Discourses: Rewriting Constructivism.Siegfried J. Schmidt - 2007 - Imprint Academic.
    Siegfried J. Schmidt is closely associated in Germany with the cross-disciplinary research programme of Radical Constructivism. In Histories & Discourses he carries out a change of perspective from media and communication studies to studies of culture and the philosophy of language.His ‘rewriting’ of constructivism shows that classical constructivism shares some fundamental assumptions with realism, and he creates a new vocabulary which allows us to understand how we construct truth, identity, ethics, etc., without using any point of reference which lies (...)
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  36.  29
    What is Ethical Competence? The Role of Empathy, Personal Values, and the Five-Factor Model of Personality in Ethical Decision-Making.Rico Pohling, Danilo Bzdok, Monika Eigenstetter, Siegfried Stumpf & Anja Strobel - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 137 (3):449-474.
    The objective of the present research was two-fold: to provide a new definition of ethical competence, and to clarify the influence of empathy, personal values, and the five-factor model of personality on ethical competence. The present research provides a comprehensive overview about recent approaches and empirically explores the interconnections of these constructs. 366 German undergraduate students were examined in a cross-sectional study that investigated the relationship of empathy, personal values, and the five-factor model of personality with moral judgment competence and (...)
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  37.  11
    Behavioral Variation: A Neglected Aspect in Selectionist Thinking.Siegfried Dewitte & Tom Verguts - 1999 - Behavior and Philosophy 27 (2):127 - 145.
    A selectionist approach to human ontogenetic development relies on three basic processes: variation, selection, and retention. The approach further implies that for adaptive behavior to emerge during development, each of these processes is required. Nevertheless, to date variation has been relatively neglected. Some studies show that behavioral variability is enhanced when the appropriate contingencies are present. Moreover, behavioral variability has been shown to facilitate the acquisition of difficult behaviors in animals (e.g., Neuringer, 1993). In the first part of the present (...)
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  38.  29
    Money and the Autonomy Instinct.Siegfried Dewitte - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):184-185.
    Applying the reciprocity instinct to monetary transactions implies that the reaction to monetary debt and monetary credit are similar. However, evidence suggests an asymmetry. I suggest that the “autonomy instinct” fits better with human behavior towards money. I show that people value autonomy, and I show how money can serve this instinct. (Published Online April 5 2006).
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  39.  1
    Nietzsches Siegfried: oder: Das Motiv der Vatersuche als Ariadnefaden im Nietzsche/ Wagner-Labyrinth?Christian Niemeyer - 2016 - In Renate Reschke & Jutta Georg (eds.), Nietzsche Und Wagner: Perspektiven Ihrer Auseinandersetzung. De Gruyter. pp. 235-242.
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  40. Selbstreferenz Und Selbstreflexion in der Musik.Siegfried Oechsle - 2011 - In Wolfram Steinbeck & Rüdiger Schumacher (eds.), Selbstreflexion in der Musik/Wissenschaft: Referate des Kölner Symposions 2007: Im Gedenken an Rüdiger Schumacher. Gustav Bosse Verlag.
     
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  41.  1
    Siegfried Kracauer, Jacques Offenbach ou le secret du Second Empire , trad. fr. Lucienne Astruc, Paris, Klincksieck, 2018.Isabelle Éon - 2019 - Cités 4:173.
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  42.  18
    Diversa.Siegfried Röder - 1991 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 43 (2):191-191.
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  43.  6
    Essay Review.Rezensiert Von Siegfried Blasche - 1984 - History and Philosophy of Logic 5 (2):219-226.
    H. BRANDS, 'Cogito ergo sum'. Interpretationen von Kant bis Nietzsche. Freiburg (Breisgau)/Miinchen: Karl Alber Verlag 1982. 318 Seiten. DM 54.
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  44.  57
    Gegenstandskonstitution und Seinsentwurf als Verzeitigung. Über die zeitliche Konstitution der Gegenstandstypen bei Husserl und den zeitlichen Entwürf der Seinsarten bei Heidegger.Siegfried Rombach - 2004 - Husserl Studies 20 (1):25-41.
  45.  22
    Siegfried Melchinger: Sophocles. (World Dramatists Series.)Pp. 184; 6 Plates. New York: Frederick Ungar, 1974. Cloth, $7.50.Oliver Taplin - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (1):103-103.
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  46.  17
    Das Schicksal einer Drillingsgeburt nach heterologer Insemination.Siegfried Trotnow, Susanne Goldschmidt & Christina Schröder - 1998 - Ethik in der Medizin 10 (2):106-111.
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  47.  16
    Lavoisier's View of the Gaseous State and Its Early Application to Pneumatic Chemistry.Robert Siegfried - 1972 - Isis 63 (1):59-78.
  48.  12
    The Discovery of Potassium and Sodium, and the Problem of the Chemical Elements.Robert Siegfried - 1963 - Isis 54 (2):247-258.
  49.  4
    Siegfried Huigen. Knowledge and Colonialism: Eighteenth-Century Travellers in South Africa. Xii + 273 Pp., Illus., Apps., Bibl., Index. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2009. $147. [REVIEW]Alette Fleischer - 2011 - Isis 102 (3):567-568.
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  50.  9
    Teaching the History of Chemistry, A Symposium. George B. Kauffman.Robert Siegfried - 1972 - Isis 63 (4):571-572.
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