Results for 'Sigbj��rn Hernes'

726 found
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  1.  7
    Excavating the Origins of the Learning Pyramid Myths.Kåre Letrud & Sigbjørn Hernes - 2018 - Cogent 1 (5).
    The family of cognitive models sometimes referred to as the “Learning Pyramid” enjoys a considerable level of authority within several areas of educational studies, despite that nobody knows how they originated or whether they were supported by any empirical evidence. This article investigates the early history of these models. Through comprehensive searches in digital libraries, we have found that versions of the Learning Pyramids have been part of educational debates and practices for more than 160 years. These findings demonstrate that (...)
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  2.  25
    Affirmative Citation Bias in Scientific Myth Debunking: A Three-in-One Case Study.Kåre Letrud & Sigbjørn Hernes - 2019 - PLoS ONE 9 (14).
    Several uncorroborated, false, or misinterpreted conceptions have for years been widely distributed in academic publications, thus becoming scientific myths. How can such misconceptions persist and proliferate within the inimical environment of academic criticism? Examining 613 articles we demonstrate that the reception of three myth-exposing publications is skewed by an ‘affirmative citation bias’: The vast majority of articles citing the critical article will affirm the idea criticized. 468 affirmed the myth, 105 were neutral, while 40 took a negative stance. Once misconceptions (...)
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  3.  5
    The Diffusion of the Learning Pyramid Myths in Academia: An Exploratory Study.Kåre Letrud & Sigbjørn Hernes - 2016 - Journal of Curriculum Studies 48 (3):291-302.
    This article examines the diffusion and present day status of a family of unsubstantiated learning-retention myths, some of which are referred to as ‘the learning pyramid’. We demonstrate through an extensive search in academic journals and field-specific encyclopaedias that these myths are indeed widely publicised in academia and that they have gained a considerable level of authority. We also argue that the academic publishing of these myths is potentially harmful to both professional as well as political deliberations on educational issues, (...)
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  4.  78
    Fairness Motivation in Bargaining: A Matter of Principle. [REVIEW]Sigbjørn Birkeland & Bertil Tungodden - 2014 - Theory and Decision 77 (1):125-151.
    In this paper, we study the role of fairness motivation in bargaining. We show that bargaining between two strongly fairness motivated individuals who have different views about what represents a fair division may end in disagreement. Further, by applying the Nash bargaining solution, we study the influence of fairness motivation on the bargaining outcome when an agreement is reached. In particular, we show that the bargaining outcome is sensitive to the fairness motivation of the two individuals, unless they both consider (...)
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  5.  2
    Camera Stabilization in 360° Videos and Its Impact on Cyber Sickness, Environmental Perceptions, and Psychophysiological Responses to a Simulated Nature Walk: A Single-Blinded Randomized Trial.Sigbjørn Litleskare & Giovanna Calogiuri - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  6.  24
    Experiencing Nature Through Immersive Virtual Environments: Environmental Perceptions, Physical Engagement, and Affective Responses During a Simulated Nature Walk.Giovanna Calogiuri, Sigbjørn Litleskare, Kaia A. Fagerheim, Tore L. Rydgren, Elena Brambilla & Miranda Thurston - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  7. Ut Sine Fine Amet Summam Essentiam: The Eudaemonist Ethics of St. Anselm.Sigbjørn Olsen Sønnesyn - 2008 - Mediaeval Studies 70:1-28.
     
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  8.  15
    William of Malmesbury, The Miracles of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Ed. R. M. Thomson and M. Winterbottom. Woodbridge, UK, and Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2015. Pp. Lxvii, 154. $115. ISBN: 978-1-78327-016-3. [REVIEW]Sigbjørn Sønnesyn - 2018 - Speculum 93 (1):292-294.
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  9.  8
    Magnifying Grains of Sand, Seeds, and Blades of Grass: Optical Effects in Robert Grosseteste’s De Iride (On the Rainbow).Rebekah C. White, Giles E. M. Gasper, Tom C. B. McLeish, Brian K. Tanner, Joshua S. Harvey, Sigbjørn O. Sønnesyn, Laura K. Young & Hannah E. Smithson - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):93-107.
  10.  6
    Mia Münster-Swendsen, Thomas K. Heebøll-Holm, and Sigbjørn Olsen Sønnesyn, Eds., Historical and Intellectual Culture in the Long Twelfth Century: The Scandinavian Connection. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies and Durham, UK: Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, Durham University, 2016. $95. ISBN: 978-0-88844-864-4.Table of Contents Available Online at Http://Www.Pims.Ca/Publications/New-and-Recent-Titles/Publication/Historical-and-Intellectual-Cultur e-in-the-Long-Twelfth-Century-the-Scandinavian-Connection. [REVIEW]Sverrir Jakobsson - 2020 - Speculum 95 (1):283-285.
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  11. Bjørn Qviller in Memorian.Drude von der Fehr, Bjørn Thommessen, Eli Moen & Tore Jørgen Hanisch - 2004 - Agora 22 (4):196-208.
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  12.  2
    Bjørn Rabjerg, Robert Stern: On Knud E. Løgstrup’s “Humanism and Christianity”.Robert Stern & Bjørn Rabjerg - 2019 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 26 (1):97-107.
    Dieser Beitrag bietet eine umfassende Diskussion des Textes “Humanismus und Christentum” des dänischen Philosophen und Theologen Knud E. Løgstrup. Er verortet den Text in seinem geistesgeschichtlichen Kontext und analysiert seine wichtigsten Argumente wie auch seine zentrale These, der zufolge Humanismus und Christentum einen entscheidenden Grundsatz teilen, insofern beide die Ethik als “stumm“ oder “unausgesprochen“ verstehen. Darüber hinaus wird dargelegt, wie Løgstrups Text zentrale Überlegungen in dessen späteren Publikationen, besonders in dem Hauptwerk Die ethische Forderung, vorwegnimmt.
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  13.  19
    Review of "Reflections and Replies: Essays on the Philosophy of Tyler Burge" Edited by Martin Hahn and Bjørn Ramberg. [REVIEW]Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen - 2004 - SATS 5 (2):161-66.
  14.  49
    Understanding Organization as Process: Theory for a Tangled World.Tor Hernes - 2008 - Routledge.
    Organization in a tangled world -- Process views of organization -- Alfred North Whitehead on process -- Bruno Latour on relativizing the social, and the becoming of networks -- Niklas Luhmann on autopoiesis and recursiveness in social systems -- James March on decision processes and organization : a logic of streams -- Karl Weick on organizing and sensemaking -- A scheme for process based organizational analysis -- Some implications for organizational analysis.
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  15.  19
    The Oxford Handbook of Process Philosophy and Organization Studies.Jenny Helin, Tor Hernes, Daniel Hjorth & Robin Holt (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This Handbook presents key ideas of philosophers and social theorists whose ideas inform process approaches to organization studies. Each chapter addresses the background and context of this thinker, their work (with a focus on the processual elements), and the potential contribution to organization and management research.
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  16.  17
    Human Nature as a Source of Practical Truth: Aristotelian–Thomistic Realism and the Practical Science of Nursing.Beverly J. B. Whelton Rn - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (1):35-46.
  17.  20
    An Instrumentalist Explanation of Pragmatic Encroachment.Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen - forthcoming - Analytic Philosophy.
    Many have found it plausible that practical circumstances can affect whether someone is in a position to know or rationally believe a proposition. For example, whether it is rational for a person to believe that the bank will be open tomorrow, can depend not only on the person’s evidence, but also on how practically important it is for the person not to be wrong about the bank being open tomorrow. This supposed phenomenon is known as “pragmatic encroachment” on knowledge and (...)
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  18.  52
    The Difference That Culture Can Make in End-of-Life Decisionmaking.H. Eugene Hern, Barbara A. Koenig, Lisa Jean Moore & Patricia A. Marshall - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (1):27-40.
    Cultural difference has been largely ignored within bioethics, particularly within the end-of-life discourses and practices that have developed over the past two decades in the U.S. healthcare system. Yet how should culturebe taken into account?
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  19.  1
    The Oxford Handbook of Process Philosophy and Organization Studies.Jenny Helin, Tor Hernes, Daniel Hjorth & Robin Holt (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The Handbook examines 34 philosophical thinkers, both those commonly linked to process thinking, such as Whitehead, Bergson and James, and those that are not as often addressed from a process perspective such as Dilthey and Tarde. Each chapter addresses the background and context of this thinker, their work, and the potential contribution to organization and management research.
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  20.  14
    Human Nature as a Source of Practical Truth: Aristotelian-Thomistic Realism and the Practical Science of Nursing.Beverly J. B. Whelton Rn - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (1):35-46.
  21. Miten valitaan äänestyssääntöjä?Kaisa Herne - 2017 - Ajatus 74 (1):281-294.
    Vaalijärjestelmä on yksi keskeisimmistä demokraattisen järjestelmän instituutioista, joka vaikuttaa merkittävästi siihen, kuka vaalit voittaa ja kuka häviää. Eerik Lagerspetz analysoi kirjassaan Social Choice and Democratic Values laajasti äänestyssääntöjen vaikutusta demokraattisiin päätöksiin. Lagerspetzin teos on tärkeä monestakin syystä, mutta erityisesti siksi, että se yhdistää harvoin keskenään keskustelevia normatiivisen demokratiateorian ja sosiaalisen valinnan teorian perinteitä. Pohdin artikkelissani äänestysmenettelyjen valintaa. Keskityn siihen, millä säännöillä äänestysmenettely valitaan, en niinkään sitä, ketkä valinnan tekevät. Tarkastelen aluksi sitä, miten äänestyssäännön valinta poikkeaa muista poliittisista valinnoista. Tämän jälkeen (...)
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  22.  50
    Hospital Staff Perceptions of the Ethics Committee and the Bioethics Institute: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach (Northridge Hospital Medical Center, California). [REVIEW]H. Gene Hern, Leo Rain & Alyce Vrolyk - 1991 - HEC Forum 3 (3):129-146.
  23.  19
    The New Holism: P4 Systems Medicine and the Medicalization of Health and Life Itself.Henrik Vogt, Bjørn Hofmann & Linn Getz - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (2):307-323.
    The emerging concept of systems medicine is at the vanguard of the post-genomic movement towards ‘precision medicine’. It is the medical application of systems biology, the biological study of wholes. Of particular interest, P4 systems medicine is currently promised as a revolutionary new biomedical approach that is holistic rather than reductionist. This article analyzes its concept of holism, both with regard to methods and conceptualization of health and disease. Rather than representing a medical holism associated with basic humanistic ideas, we (...)
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  24.  61
    The Tidal Model: The Lived-Experience in Person-Centred Mental Health Nursing Care.Phil Barker Phd Rn - 2001 - Nursing Philosophy 2 (3):213–223.
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  25.  27
    A Systems Approach to Ethical Problems.Patrick O'Neill & Riley Hern - 1991 - Ethics and Behavior 1 (2):129 – 143.
    Codes of professional ethics and cases designed to teach ethical decision making are written for individual professionals and ignore the systems level of analysis. They typically employ a lineal view of causality and overvalue placement of blame as a component of ethical problem solving. This article takes a systems approach to ethical problems and identifies aspects of systems that promote or impede ethical decision making. Psychological abuse of children is used as an example of a problem requiring a coordinated, systemic (...)
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  26.  54
    Transparent Quantification Into Hyperintensional Objectual Attitudes.Bjørn Jespersen & Marie Duží - 2015 - Synthese 192 (3):635-677.
    We demonstrate how to validly quantify into hyperintensional contexts involving non-propositional attitudes like seeking, solving, calculating, worshipping, and wanting to become. We describe and apply a typed extensional logic of hyperintensions that preserves compositionality of meaning, referential transparency and substitutivity of identicals also in hyperintensional attitude contexts. We specify and prove rules for quantifying into hyperintensional contexts. These rules presuppose a rigorous method for substituting variables into hyperintensional contexts, and the method will be described. We prove the following. First, it (...)
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  27. Disagreement and the Division of Epistemic Labor.Bjørn G. Hallsson & Klemens Kappel - 2020 - Synthese 197 (7):2823-2847.
    In this article we discuss what we call the deliberative division of epistemic labor. We present evidence that the human tendency to engage in motivated reasoning in defense of our beliefs can facilitate the occurrence of divisions of epistemic labor in deliberations among people who disagree. We further present evidence that these divisions of epistemic labor tend to promote beliefs that are better supported by the evidence. We show that promotion of these epistemic benefits stands in tension with what extant (...)
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  28.  31
    Medicalization and Overdiagnosis: Different but Alike.Bjørn Hofmann - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (2):253-264.
    Medicalization is frequently defined as a process by which some non-medical aspects of human life become to be considered as medical problems. Overdiagnosis, on the other hand, is most often defined as diagnosing a biomedical condition that in the absence of testing would not cause symptoms or death in the person’s lifetime. Medicalization and overdiagnosis are related concepts as both expand the extension of the concept of disease. They are both often used normatively to critique unwarranted or contested expansion of (...)
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  29.  81
    A Response to the Critique of Rational Choice Theory: Lakatos' and Laudan's Conceptions Applied.Kaisa Herne & Maija Setälä - 2004 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 47 (1):67 – 85.
    This paper analyzes the main features of rational choice theory and evaluates it with respect to the conceptions of Lakatos' research program and Laudan's research tradition. The analysis reveals that the thin rationality assumption, the axiomatic method and the reduction to the micro level are the only features shared by all rational choice models. On these grounds, it is argued that rational choice theory cannot be characterized as a research program. This is due to the fact that the thin rationality (...)
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  30. Scientists as Experts: A Distinct Role?Torbjørn Gundersen - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 69:52-59.
    The role of scientists as experts is crucial to public policymaking. However, the expert role is contested and unsettled in both public and scholarly discourse. In this paper, I provide a systematic account of the role of scientists as experts in policymaking by examining whether there are any normatively relevant differences between this role and the role of scientists as researchers. Two different interpretations can be given of how the two roles relate to each other. The separability view states that (...)
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  31. No Norm Needed: On the Aim of Belief.Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (225):499–516.
    Does transparency in doxastic deliberation entail a constitutive norm of correctness governing belief, as Shah and Velleman argue? No, because this presupposes an implausibly strong relation between normative judgements and motivation from such judgements, ignores our interest in truth, and cannot explain why we pay different attention to how much justification we have for our beliefs in different contexts. An alternative account of transparency is available: transparency can be explained by the aim one necessarily adopts in deliberating about whether to (...)
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  32. Die Wechselbeziehung von Zeit und Geschichte in Karl Jaspers' Existenzphilosophie in Zeit in Natur und Geschichte.Rn Smid - 1988 - Philosophia Naturalis 25 (1-2):164-185.
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  33.  5
    Democratic Deliberation and Impartial Justice.Kaisa Herne & Setälä - 2015 - Res Cogitans 10 (1).
    Theories of deliberative democracy maintain that outcomes of democratic deliberation are fairer than outcomes of mere aggregation of preferences. Theorists of impartial justice, especially Rawls and Sen, emphasize the role of deliberative processes for making just decisions. Democratic deliberation seems therefore to provide a model of impartial decision-making applicable in the real world. However, various types of cognitive and affective biases limit individual capacity to see things from others’ perspectives. In this paper, two strategies of enhancing impartiality in real world (...)
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  34.  3
    Kierkegaard's Journals and Notebooks, Volume 9: Journals Nb26–Nb30.Niels Jørgen Cappelørn, Alastair Hannay, Bruce H. Kirmmse, David D. Possen, Joel D. S. Rasmussen & Vanessa Rumble (eds.) - 2017 - Princeton University Press.
    For over a century, the Danish thinker Søren Kierkegaard has been at the center of a number of important discussions, concerning not only philosophy and theology, but also, more recently, fields such as social thought, psychology, and contemporary aesthetics, especially literary theory. Despite his relatively short life, Kierkegaard was an extraordinarily prolific writer, as attested to by the 26-volume Princeton University Press edition of all of his published writings. But Kierkegaard left behind nearly as much unpublished writing, most of which (...)
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  35. Aslin, RN, 27.H. Brownell, B. Butterworth, S. Carey, H. Cheung, L. Frazier, L. Gerken, R. L. Gomez, F. Happé, E. K. Johnson & D. Kelemen - 1999 - Cognition 70:309.
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  36.  3
    Ethical Algorithmic Advice: Some Reasons to Pause and Think Twice.Torbjørn Gundersen & Kristine Bærøe - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (7):26-28.
    Machine learning and other forms of artificial intelligence can improve parts of clinical decision making regarding the gathering and analysis of data, the detection of disease, and the provis...
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  37. Begrebet Inderlighed I Kierkegaards Forfatterskab: Den Etiske Betydning Af Gudsforholdet Og Det Mellemmenneskelige Forhold Hos Søren Kierkegaard.Jørn Andersen - 2004 - Produktion Underskoven.
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  38. Continuum Companion to Kant.Gary Banham, Dennis Shulting & Nigel Herns (eds.) - 2012 - Continuum Press.
     
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  39. Daily Work Pressure and Task Performance: The Moderating Role of Recovery and Sleep.Jørn Hetland, Arnold B. Bakker, Roar Espevik & Olav K. Olsen - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Whereas previous research has focused on the link between workload and task performance, less is known about the intervening mechanisms influencing this relationship. In the present study, we test the moderating roles of daily recovery and total sleep time in the relationship between work pressure and daily task performance. Using performance and recovery theories, we hypothesized that work pressure relates positively to daily task performance, and that both daily recovery in the form of psychological detachment and relaxation, and total sleep (...)
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  40. Using Wikis as Collaborative Writing Tools: Something Wiki This Way Comes–or Not.Susan Loudermilk & Tommy Hern - 2006 - Kairos: A Journal for Teachers of Writing and Webbed Environments 10 (1).
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  41.  83
    The Epistemic Significance of Political Disagreement.Bjørn Hallsson - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (8):2187-2202.
    The degree of doxastic revision required in response to evidence of disagreement is typically thought to be a function of our beliefs about (1) our interlocutor’s familiarity with the relevant evidence and arguments, and their intellectual capacities and virtues, relative to our own, or (2) the expected probability of our interlocutor being correct, conditional on our disagreeing. While these two factors are typically used interchangeably, I show that they have an inverse correlation in cases of disagreement about politically divisive propositions. (...)
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  42.  23
    Verbal Hallucinations and Information Processing.Bjørn Rishovd Rund - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):531-532.
  43. Does Luck Exclude Knowledge or Certainty?Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen - 2020 - Synthese 197 (6):2387-2397.
    A popular account of luck, with a firm basis in common sense, holds that a necessary condition for an event to be lucky, is that it was suitably improbable. It has recently been proposed that this improbability condition is best understood in epistemic terms. Two different versions of this proposal have been advanced. According to my own proposal :361–377, 2010), whether an event is lucky for some agent depends on whether the agent was in a position to know that the (...)
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  44.  8
    Do Online Privacy Concerns Predict Selfie Behavior Among Adolescents, Young Adults and Adults?Amandeep Dhir, Torbjørn Torsheim, Ståle Pallesen & Cecilie S. Andreassen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  45. Weighing the Aim of Belief.Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 145 (3):395-405.
    The theory of belief, according to which believing that p essentially involves having as an aim or purpose to believe that p truly, has recently been criticised on the grounds that the putative aim of belief does not interact with the wider aims of believers in the ways we should expect of genuine aims. I argue that this objection to the aim theory fails. When we consider a wider range of deliberative contexts concerning beliefs, it becomes obvious that the aim (...)
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  46. Aslin, RN, B53.R. Baillargeon, P. Bloom, A. E. Booth, S. Carey, H. D. Ellis, S. Gerhand, V. Girotto, R. L. Goldstone, M. Gonzalez & S. J. Hespos - 2001 - Cognition 78:281.
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  47. Comment on Brightman Social Philosophy.Rn Beck - 1983 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 6 (2):139-140.
     
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  48. RN Berki, On Political Realism Reviewed By.Charles R. Beitz - 1983 - Philosophy in Review 3 (3):109-110.
     
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  49. Epistemic Instrumentalism, Permissibility, and Reasons for Belief.Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen - 2018 - In Conor McHugh, Jonathan Way & Daniel Whiting (eds.), Normativity: Epistemic and Practical. Oxford University Press. pp. 260-280.
    Epistemic instrumentalists seek to understand the normativity of epistemic norms on the model practical instrumental norms governing the relation between aims and means. Non-instrumentalists often object that this commits instrumentalists to implausible epistemic assessments. I argue that this objection presupposes an implausibly strong interpretation of epistemic norms. Once we realize that epistemic norms should be understood in terms of permissibility rather than obligation, and that evidence only occasionally provide normative reasons for belief, an instrumentalist account becomes available that delivers the (...)
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  50.  27
    The Overdiagnosis of What? On the Relationship Between the Concepts of Overdiagnosis, Disease, and Diagnosis.Bjørn Hofmann - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (4):453-464.
    Overdiagnosis and disease are related concepts. Widened conceptions of disease increase overdiagnosis and vice versa. This is partly because there is a close and complex relationship between disease and overdiagnosis. In order to address the problems with overdiagnosis, we may benefit from a closer understanding this relationship. Accordingly, the objective of this article is to elucidate the relationship between disease and overdiagnosis. To do so, the article starts with scrutinizing how overdiagnosis can explain the expansion of the concept of disease. (...)
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