30 found
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  1.  46
    Performance-Enhancing Drugs, Sport, and the Ideal of Natural Athletic Performance.Sigmund Loland - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):8-15.
    The use of certain performance-enhancing drugs is banned in sport. I discuss critically standard justifications of the ban based on arguments from two widely used criteria: fairness and harms to health. I argue that these arguments on their own are inadequate, and only make sense within a normative understanding of athletic performance and the value of sport. In the discourse over PED, the distinction between “natural” and “artificial” performance has exerted significant impact. I examine whether the distinction makes sense from (...)
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  2.  10
    Caster Semenya, Athlete Classification, and Fair Equality of Opportunity in Sport.Sigmund Loland - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):584-590.
    According to the Differences of Sex Development Regulations of the International Association of Athletics Federations, Caster Semenya and other athletes with heightened testosterone levels are considered non-eligible for middle distance running races in the women’s class. Based on an analysis of fair equality of opportunity in sport, I take a critical look at the Semenya case and at IAAF’s DSD Regulations. I distinguish between what I call stable and dynamic inequalities between athletes. Stable inequalities are those that athletes cannot impact (...)
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  3.  17
    Simon on Luck and Desert in Sport: A Review and Some Comments.Sigmund Loland - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 43 (1):15-25.
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  4.  34
    Fair Play and the Ethos of Sports: An Eclectic Philosophical Framework.Sigmund Loland & Mike McNamee - 2000 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 27 (1):63-80.
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  5.  23
    Olympic Sport and the Ideal of Sustainable Development.Sigmund Loland - 2006 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 33 (2):144-156.
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  6.  6
    Morgan, the ‘Gratuitous’ Logic of Sport, and the Art of Self-Imposed Constraints.Sigmund Loland - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (4):348-360.
    Sport occupies a significant role in modern society and has a wide following. In his Leftist Theories of Sport, Morgan examines what he considers to be a degradation of modern sport and the lack of proper critical theory to address this challenge. In the latter part of LTS, Morgan presents a reconstructed critical theory with ‘a liberal twist’ in terms of an analysis of what he sees as the internal ‘gratuitous’ logic of sport, and a call for critical deliberation in (...)
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  7.  20
    Record Sports: An Ecological Critique and a Reconstruction.Sigmund Loland - 2001 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 28 (2):127-139.
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  8.  63
    The Ethics of Performance-Enhancing Technology in Sport.Sigmund Loland - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 36 (2):152-161.
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  9.  27
    Sport, Performance-Enhancing Drugs, and the Art of Self-Imposed Constraints.Sigmund Loland - 2018 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (1):87-100.
    Should the use of performance-enhancing drugs be banned in sport? A proper response to this question depends upon ideas of the meaning and value of sport. To a certain extent, sport is associated with ideal values such as equality of opportunity, fair play, performance and progress. PED use is considered contrary to these values. On the other hand, critics see sport as an expression of non-sustainable and competitive individualism that threatens human welfare and development. PED use is considered a logical (...)
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  10.  25
    Normative Theories of Sport: A Critical Review.Sigmund Loland - 2004 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 31 (2):111-121.
  11.  19
    The Mechanics and Meaning of Alpine Skiing: Methodological and Epistemological Notes on the Study of Sport Technique.Sigmund Loland - 1992 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 19 (1):55-77.
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  12.  42
    Justice in Sport.Sigmund Loland - 2007 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (1):78 – 95.
    An attempt is made to articulate what is seen as a ?thin? interpretation of justice in sport and how this is understood in terms of ?thick? interpretations in various sociocultural settings. In this way, it is argued, sport can be better understood as a dynamic social practice. First, a thin interpretation of justice is formulated. Sport's structural goal is to measure, compare and rank competitors according to their performances. The rule systems of sport are based on more general norms that (...)
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  13.  18
    Outline of an Ecosophy of Sport.Sigmund Loland - 1996 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 23 (1):70-90.
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  14. Fair Play : Historical Anachronism or Topical Ideal?Sigmund Loland - 1998 - In M. J. McNamee & S. J. Parry (eds.), Ethics and Sport. E & Fn Spon. pp. 79--103.
     
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  15.  32
    Justice and Game Advantage in Sporting Games.Sigmund Loland - 1999 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (2):159-178.
    This paper is a case study of what Jon Elster calls "local justice"; particular schemes of justice which, on a relatively autonomous basis, are designed and implemented by institutions and practices to meet particular preferences and goals. The paper suggests an interpretation of the role of justice in sporting games. First, a framework for examinations of schemes of local justice is suggested. Second, norms are suggested that express the requirements that have to be met in order to consider a sporting (...)
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  16. Outline of a Phenomenology of Snowboarding.Sigmund Loland - 2007 - In M. J. McNamee (ed.), Philosophy, Risk, and Adventure Sports. London ;Routledge. pp. 106--117.
     
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  17.  30
    Sport and the Obligation of Solidarity.Wivi Andersen & Sigmund Loland - 2015 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 9 (3):243-256.
    The paper departs from an analysis of the case of Michelle Dumaresq, a transgender female downhill mountain biker who experienced marginalization within her sport. The analysis is based on Axel Honneth’s theory of recognition. The Dumaresq case is particularly relevant to Honneth’s ideas of solidarity, which provide insight into the dynamics of social integration. Honneth’s theory of recognition also provides a conceptual framework and a methodology that gives new perspectives on the ethical significance of sport. In the paper, an analysis (...)
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  18.  26
    2. Sport and Popular Movements: Towards a Philosophy of Moving People.Sigmund Loland - 2009 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 3 (2):121 – 138.
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  19.  14
    Morgan and the Sporting Life.Daniel Durbin, Sigmund Loland & Mike McNamee - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-2.
    There can be little doubt that Professor William J Morgan is one of the most important figures in the philosophy of sport, or sports philosophy as it is also known. Not only has he offered a...
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  20.  12
    All Part of the Game—Violence and Australian Sports.Sigmund Loland - 2000 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 27 (1):104-107.
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  21.  18
    A Well Balanced Life Based on 'The Joy of Effort': Olympic Hype or a Meaningful Ideal?Sigmund Loland - 2012 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 6 (2):155-165.
    A key goal in the Olympic value system of Olympism is the all-round cultivation of the individual. According to its so-called ?fundamental principles?, Olympism is a ?philosophy of life? with ideals of ?exalting and combining in a balanced whole the qualities of body, will, and mind? and creating ?a way of life based on the joy of effort?. These goals are to be reached by blending sport with culture and education. Olympism is often criticised for idealism and lack of impact (...)
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  22. Be Morally Justified?Sigmund Loland - 2011 - In Guy Kahane, Julian Savulescu & Ruud Ter Meulen (eds.), Enhancing Human Capacities. pp. 326.
     
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  23.  4
    Biomedisinsk teknologi i idrett: Hvor går grensene?Sigmund Loland - 2010 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 4 (1).
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  24.  14
    Critical Perspectives on Sport, Technology, and Science: Rayvon Fouché: Game Changer: The Techno-Scientific Revolution in Sports. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017, 262pp, US $29.95 HB.Sigmund Loland - 2018 - Metascience 27 (3):489-492.
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  25.  13
    Lexikon der Ethik im Sport By Ommo Grupe and Dietmar Mieth . Published by Verlag Karl Hofmann, Schorndorf, 1998.Sigmund Loland - 2002 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (2):187-189.
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  26.  3
    Response to Commentaries on ‘Caster Semenya, Athlete Classification, and Fair Equality of Opportunity in Sport’.Sigmund Loland - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):599-600.
    I appreciate all of the commentaries as they raise a series of critical and constructive points. Due to limited space, I can only address some of the issues in brief ways. Knox and Anderson indicate that classification according to testosterone levels should be applied only at the elite level and with a more inclusive approach in amateur and recreational sport. Indeed, I agree, and this is also the case in the International Association of Athletics Federation's Differences of Sexual Development regulations (...)
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  27.  14
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Performance-Enhancing Drugs, Sport, and the Ideal of Natural Athletic Performance”.Sigmund Loland - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7):1-3.
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  28.  10
    Sportethik. Regeln – Fairness – Doping. Edited by Claudia Pawlenka. Published 2004 by Mentis Verlag, Paderborn, Germany. [REVIEW]Sigmund Loland - 2004 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 31 (2):250-252.
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  29.  17
    The Exercise Pill: Should We Replace Exercise with Pharmaceutical Means?Sigmund Loland - 2017 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 11 (1):63-74.
    New physiological and pharmacological research points to the possibility of a pill that produces the complete physiological effects of exercise. Is replacement of exercise with a pill a good idea? And if so, under what circumstances? To explore answers, I have examined three approaches to the understanding exercise. From a dualist point of view, exercise is explained mechanistically in terms of physiological cause and effect relationships. From this perspective, and in particular for reluctant exercisers, there seems to be no strong (...)
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  30.  5
    13 The Vulnerability Thesis and Use of Bio-Medical Technology in Sport.Sigmund Loland - 2005 - In Claudio Marcello Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.), Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions. Routledge. pp. 158.
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