40 found
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  1. Performance-Enhancing Drugs, Sport, and the Ideal of Natural Athletic Performance.Sigmund Loland - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):8-15.
    The use of certain performance-enhancing drugs (PED) is banned in sport. I discuss critically standard justifications of the ban based on arguments from two widely used criteria: fairness and harms to health. I argue that these arguments on their own are inadequate, and only make sense within a normative understanding of athletic performance and the value of sport. In the discourse over PED, the distinction between “natural” and “artificial” performance has exerted significant impact. I examine whether the distinction makes sense (...)
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  2.  26
    Sport-related concussion research agenda beyond medical science: culture, ethics, science, policy.Mike McNamee, Lynley C. Anderson, Pascal Borry, Silvia Camporesi, Wayne Derman, Soren Holm, Taryn Rebecca Knox, Bert Leuridan, Sigmund Loland, Francisco Javier Lopez Frias, Ludovica Lorusso, Dominic Malcolm, David McArdle, Brad Partridge, Thomas Schramme & Mike Weed - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    The Concussion in Sport Group guidelines have successfully brought the attention of brain injuries to the global medical and sport research communities, and has significantly impacted brain injury-related practices and rules of international sport. Despite being the global repository of state-of-the-art science, diagnostic tools and guides to clinical practice, the ensuing consensus statements remain the object of ethical and sociocultural criticism. The purpose of this paper is to bring to bear a broad range of multidisciplinary challenges to the processes and (...)
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  3.  48
    Caster Semenya, athlete classification, and fair equality of opportunity in sport.Sigmund Loland - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):584-590.
    According to the Differences of Sex Development Regulations of the International Association of Athletics Federations, Caster Semenya and other athletes with heightened testosterone levels are considered non-eligible for middle distance running races in the women’s class. Based on an analysis of fair equality of opportunity in sport, I take a critical look at the Semenya case and at IAAF’s DSD Regulations. I distinguish between what I call stable and dynamic inequalities between athletes. Stable inequalities are those that athletes cannot impact (...)
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  4.  22
    Morgan, the ‘Gratuitous’ Logic of Sport, and the Art of Self-Imposed Constraints.Sigmund Loland - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (4):348-360.
    Sport occupies a significant role in modern society and has a wide following. In his Leftist Theories of Sport, Morgan examines what he considers to be a degradation of modern sport and the lack of proper critical theory to address this challenge. In the latter part of LTS, Morgan presents a reconstructed critical theory with ‘a liberal twist’ in terms of an analysis of what he sees as the internal ‘gratuitous’ logic of sport, and a call for critical deliberation in (...)
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  5.  56
    Fair Play and the Ethos of Sports: An Eclectic Philosophical Framework.Sigmund Loland & Mike McNamee - 2000 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 27 (1):63-80.
  6.  25
    Simon on Luck and Desert in Sport: A Review and Some Comments.Sigmund Loland - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 43 (1):15-25.
  7.  45
    Record Sports: An Ecological Critique and a Reconstruction.Sigmund Loland - 2001 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 28 (2):127-139.
  8.  49
    Olympic Sport and the Ideal of Sustainable Development.Sigmund Loland - 2006 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 33 (2):144-156.
  9.  98
    The Ethics of Performance-Enhancing Technology in Sport.Sigmund Loland - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 36 (2):152-161.
  10.  35
    The poetics of everyday movement: human movement ecology and urban walking.Sigmund Loland - 2021 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 48 (2):219-234.
    ABSTRACT Departing from the hegemonic position of epidemiology in population physical activity research and policy, I argue for the significance of a complementary, holistic approach: human movement ecology. The argument is developed in two steps. In a first step, and using perspectives from body ecology and eco-philosophy, I emphasize the potential in movement of a ’dynamic and spontaneous ecologization’, which opens for the development of ecological consciousness and sustainable practice. In a second step, I test HME towards a ’hard case’: (...)
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  11.  49
    Normative Theories of Sport: A Critical Review.Sigmund Loland - 2004 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 31 (2):111-121.
  12.  39
    Outline of an Ecosophy of Sport.Sigmund Loland - 1996 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 23 (1):70-90.
  13.  38
    The Mechanics and Meaning of Alpine Skiing: Methodological and Epistemological Notes on the Study of Sport Technique.Sigmund Loland - 1992 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 19 (1):55-77.
  14.  3
    Sport-related concussion (SCR) prevention and the nature of sport: possibilities and limitations.Sigmund Loland - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-10.
    Concussions are traumatic brain injuries that can result from a blow to the head or a jolt to the body. Athletes in many sports are exposed to concussion risks. There is a growing concern in sport and society about sport-related concussions (SRC) and an increasing awareness of the importance of proper diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. A traditional, reactive approach emphasizes sound protocols in cases of suspected SRC. A proactive approach involves identifying various causes of SRC and implementing preventive measures. For (...)
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  15. Fair play : Historical anachronism or topical ideal?Sigmund Loland - 1998 - In M. J. McNamee & S. J. Parry (eds.), Ethics and sport. New York: E & FN Spon. pp. 79--103.
     
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  16.  47
    Sport and the obligation of solidarity.Wivi Andersen & Sigmund Loland - 2015 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 9 (3):243-256.
    The paper departs from an analysis of the case of Michelle Dumaresq, a transgender female downhill mountain biker who experienced marginalization within her sport. The analysis is based on Axel Honneth’s theory of recognition. The Dumaresq case is particularly relevant to Honneth’s ideas of solidarity, which provide insight into the dynamics of social integration. Honneth’s theory of recognition also provides a conceptual framework and a methodology that gives new perspectives on the ethical significance of sport. In the paper, an analysis (...)
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  17.  60
    Justice in sport.Sigmund Loland - 2007 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (1):78 – 95.
    An attempt is made to articulate what is seen as a ?thin? interpretation of justice in sport and how this is understood in terms of ?thick? interpretations in various sociocultural settings. In this way, it is argued, sport can be better understood as a dynamic social practice. First, a thin interpretation of justice is formulated. Sport's structural goal is to measure, compare and rank competitors according to their performances. The rule systems of sport are based on more general norms that (...)
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  18.  49
    Justice and game advantage in sporting games.Sigmund Loland - 1999 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (2):159-178.
    This paper is a case study of what Jon Elster calls "local justice"; particular schemes of justice which, on a relatively autonomous basis, are designed and implemented by institutions and practices to meet particular preferences and goals. The paper suggests an interpretation of the role of justice in sporting games. First, a framework for examinations of schemes of local justice is suggested. Second, norms are suggested that express the requirements that have to be met in order to consider a sporting (...)
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  19.  11
    Why do birds have wings? A biosemiotic argument for the primacy of naturogenic sporting sites.Margrethe Voll Storaas & Sigmund Loland - 2024 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 51 (2):208-224.
    Where sporting games may be said to epitomize our species’ unique agential capacity for playful movement, sports played in nature differ from their equivalent played indoors in that they envelop the human agent within the living physical environment from which our agency originates. In this paper, we draw attention to how sporting sites differ according to origin by pursuing a biosemiotic line of reasoning. Here, the story of a meaningful human life begins with the eukaryotic cell, even though the human (...)
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  20.  76
    Sport, Performance-enhancing Drugs, and the Art of Self-imposed Constraints.Sigmund Loland - 2018 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (1):87-100.
    Should the use of performance-enhancing drugs be banned in sport? A proper response to this question depends upon ideas of the meaning and value of sport. To a certain extent, sport is associated with ideal values such as equality of opportunity, fair play, performance and progress. PED use is considered contrary to these values. On the other hand, critics see sport as an expression of non-sustainable and competitive individualism that threatens human welfare and development. PED use is considered a logical (...)
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  21. Outline of a phenomenology of snowboarding.Sigmund Loland - 2007 - In Mike J. McNamee (ed.), Philosophy, Risk and Adventure Sports. London ;Routledge. pp. 106--117.
     
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  22.  25
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Performance-Enhancing Drugs, Sport, and the Ideal of Natural Athletic Performance”.Sigmund Loland - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7):1-3.
    Should use of performance-enhancing drugs (PED) in sport be banned or not? In my article, I propose an interpretation of what I take to be a widely shared but also a heavily criticized view: PED us...
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  23.  9
    Into the glidescape: an outline of gliding sports from the perspective of applied phenomenology.Sigmund Loland & Åsa Bäckström - 2023 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 50 (3):365-382.
    There is an absence in the literature on sports of a conceptualization of what in French are labeled sports de glisse: sports that imply gliding on water, through air, and on snow and ice, such as surfing, paragliding, skiing, and skating. Inspired by Ingold’s (1993) concept of the taskscape, we introduce the idea of the glidescape: a perceptual field in which gliding sports practitioners inhabit, create, and transform their environment while at the same time being recreated and transformed themselves. Using (...)
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  24.  35
    A Well Balanced Life Based on 'The Joy of Effort': Olympic Hype or a Meaningful Ideal?Sigmund Loland - 2012 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 6 (2):155-165.
    A key goal in the Olympic value system of Olympism is the all-round cultivation of the individual. According to its so-called ?fundamental principles?, Olympism is a ?philosophy of life? with ideals of ?exalting and combining in a balanced whole the qualities of body, will, and mind? and creating ?a way of life based on the joy of effort?. These goals are to be reached by blending sport with culture and education. Olympism is often criticised for idealism and lack of impact (...)
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  25.  10
    Can a Ban on Doping in Sport be Morally Justified?Sigmund Loland - 2011 - In Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Meulen & Guy Kahane (eds.), Enhancing Human Capacities. Blackwell. pp. 326–331.
    This chapter critically looks at the moral reasons for banning the use of performance‐enhancing drugs in sport. It examines whether a ban can be properly justified from a moral point of view. The chapter sketches how intuitively appealing arguments in support of the ban need modification. It then proposes a framework in which traditional arguments can be combined in a systematic way to justify the ban on doping in sport. Stronger arguments in favor of the ban can be found in (...)
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  26.  23
    Morgan and the Sporting Life.Daniel Durbin, Sigmund Loland & Mike McNamee - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-2.
    There can be little doubt that Professor William J Morgan is one of the most important figures in the philosophy of sport, or sports philosophy as it is also known. Not only has he offered a...
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  27.  20
    All Part of the Game—Violence and Australian Sports.Sigmund Loland - 2000 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 27 (1):104-107.
  28. be Morally Justified?Sigmund Loland - 2011 - In Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Meulen & Guy Kahane (eds.), Enhancing Human Capacities. Blackwell. pp. 326.
     
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  29.  11
    Biomedisinsk teknologi i idrett: Hvor går grensene?Sigmund Loland - 2010 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1 (1):87-100.
    I denne artikkelen drøfter jeg bruk av biomedisinsk teknologi i prestasjonsfremmende hensikt i konkurranseidrett. Mer presist utforsker jeg mulighetene for å skille mellom etisk akseptabel og etisk uakseptabel bruk. Jeg kritiserer WADAs normative grunnlag for å forby visse biomedisinske midler og metoder, og argumenterer for at eventuelle forbud må bygge på tydeligere verdisyn på idrett. Jeg undersøker to idealtypiske syn og deres teknologiske implikasjoner. Det smale synet er liberalt og avviser begrensninger i bruk av biomedisinske midler og metoder blant voksne (...)
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  30.  24
    Critical perspectives on sport, technology, and science: Rayvon Fouché: Game changer: The techno-scientific revolution in sports. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017, 262pp, US $29.95 HB.Sigmund Loland - 2018 - Metascience 27 (3):489-492.
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  31. Ethics of Technology in Sport.Sigmund Loland - 2007 - In William John Morgan (ed.), Ethics in Sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
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  32.  9
    Juks – et tema med variasjoner. Eksempler på etiske analyser i konkurranseidrett.Sigmund Loland - 2005 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 40 (1):59-69.
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  33.  21
    Lexikon der Ethik im Sport By Ommo Grupe and Dietmar Mieth . Published by Verlag Karl Hofmann, Schorndorf, 1998.Sigmund Loland - 2002 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (2):187-189.
  34.  15
    Response to commentaries on ‘Caster Semenya, athlete classification, and fair equality of opportunity in sport’.Sigmund Loland - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):599-600.
    I appreciate all of the commentaries as they raise a series of critical and constructive points. Due to limited space, I can only address some of the issues in brief ways. Knox and Anderson indicate that classification according to testosterone levels should be applied only at the elite level and with a more inclusive approach in amateur and recreational sport. Indeed, I agree, and this is also the case in the International Association of Athletics Federation's Differences of Sexual Development regulations (...)
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  35.  37
    2. sport and popular movements: Towards a philosophy of moving people.Sigmund Loland - 2009 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 3 (2):121 – 138.
  36.  25
    The exercise pill: should we replace exercise with pharmaceutical means?Sigmund Loland - 2017 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 11 (1):63-74.
    New physiological and pharmacological research points to the possibility of a pill that produces the complete physiological effects of exercise. Is replacement of exercise with a pill a good idea? And if so, under what circumstances? To explore answers, I have examined three approaches to the understanding exercise. From a dualist point of view, exercise is explained mechanistically in terms of physiological cause and effect relationships. From this perspective, and in particular for reluctant exercisers, there seems to be no strong (...)
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  37.  7
    13 The vulnerability thesis and use of bio-medical technology in sport.Sigmund Loland - 2005 - In Claudio Marcello Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.), Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions. Routledge. pp. 158.
  38.  10
    Sportethik. Regeln – Fairness – Doping. Edited by Claudia Pawlenka. Published 2004 by Mentis Verlag, Paderborn, Germany. [REVIEW]Sigmund Loland - 2004 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 31 (2):250-252.
  39.  6
    Lexikon der Ethik im Sport By Ommo Grupe and Dietmar Mieth (Eds.). Published by Verlag Karl Hofmann, Schorndorf, 1998. [REVIEW]Sigmund Loland - 2002 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (2):187-189.
  40.  14
    Sportethik. Regeln – Fairness – Doping. Edited by Claudia Pawlenka. Published 2004 by Mentis Verlag, Paderborn, Germany. [REVIEW]Sigmund Loland - 2004 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 31 (2):250-252.