Results for 'Silka Martens'

159 found
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  1.  34
    Group Interaction in the Cockpit: Some Linguistic Factors.Manfred Krifka & Silka Martens - unknown
    For a number of years it has been recognized that the social dynamics of group interaction is an import factor in the origin of accidents and in the way how accidents or accident-prone situations are handled in aviation (cf. Helmreich 1997a, 1997b). Factors related to interpersonal communication have been implicated in up to 80% of all aviation accidents over the past 20 years. As a reaction to this, Crew Resource Management (CRM) has been developed with the goal of rating and (...)
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  2.  9
    Kepler's Philosophy and the New Astronomy.Rhonda Martens - 2000 - Princeton University Press.
    Here, Rhonda Martens offers the first extended study of Kepler's philosophical views and shows how those views helped him construct and justify the new astronomy.
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  3. The Cognitive Mechanics of Economic Development and Institutional Change.Bertin Martens - 2004 - Routledge.
    This book seeks to explain long-term economic development and institutional change in terms of the cognitive features of human learning and communication processes. Martens links individual cognitive processes to macroeconomic growth theories, including economies of scale and scope, and to theories of institutional development based on asymmetric information in production processes and economies of scale in enforcement technology. With considerable flair, Bertin Martens has applied the hot new area of psychological and behavioural economics to notions of growth and (...)
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  4. Combination, Convention, and Possibility.David B. Martens - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy 103 (11):577-586.
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  5. Attentional Sensitization of Unconscious Cognition: Task Sets Modulate Subsequent Masked Semantic Priming.Markus Kiefer & Ulla Martens - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (3):464-489.
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  6.  15
    Organisms in Evolution.Johannes Martens - forthcoming - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.
  7.  32
    Nonideal Quantum Measurements.Hans Martens & Willem M. De Muynck - 1990 - Foundations of Physics 20 (3):255-281.
    A partial ordering in the class of observables (∼ positive operator-valued measures, introduced by Davies and by Ludwig) is explored. The ordering is interpreted as a form of nonideality, and it allows one to compare ideal and nonideal versions of the same observable. Optimality is defined as maximality in the sense of the ordering. The framework gives a generalization of the usual (implicit) definition of self-adjoint operators as optimal observables (von Neumann), but it can, in contrast to this latter definition, (...)
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  8.  41
    The Inaccuracy Principle.Hans Martens & Willem M. De Muynck - 1990 - Foundations of Physics 20 (4):357-380.
    The problem of joint measurement of incompatible observables is investigated. Measurements are represented by positive operator-valued measures. A quantitative notion of inaccuracy is defined. It is shown that within this framework joint inaccurate measurements are possible for arbitrary maximal projection-valued measures on finite-dimensional spaces. The accuracy of such measurements is limited, as is shown by an inaccuracy inequality we derive. This new type of uncertainty relation can be unambiguously interpreted as referring to measurement precision rather than preparative quality. Several recent (...)
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  9.  11
    Astroturfing Global Warming: It Isn't Always Greener on the Other Side of the Fence. [REVIEW]Charles H. Cho, Martin L. Martens, Hakkyun Kim & Michelle Rodrigue - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (4):571-587.
    Astroturf organizations are fake grassroots organizations usually sponsored by large corporations to support any arguments or claims in their favor, or to challenge and deny those against them. They constitute the corporate version of grassroots social movements. Serious ethical and societal concerns underline this astroturfing practice, especially if corporations are successful in influencing public opinion by undertaking a social movement approach. This study is motivated by this particular issue and examines the effectiveness of astroturf organizations in the global warming context, (...)
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  10.  9
    Individualism Versus Interactionism About Social Understanding.Judith Martens & Tobias Schlicht - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-22.
    In the debate about the nature of social cognition we see a shift towards theories that explain social understanding through interaction. This paper discusses autopoietic enactivism and the we-mode approach in the light of such developments. We argue that a problem seems to arise for these theories: an interactionist account of social cognition makes the capacity of shared intentionality a presupposition of social understanding, while the capacity of engaging in scenes of shared intentionality in turn presupposes exactly the kind of (...)
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  11.  6
    (Germany)" Can Animals Think?"—The Five Most Important Methods of Philosophizing with Children.Ekkehard Martens - 2009 - In Eva Marsal, Takara Dobashi & Barbara Weber (eds.), Children Philosophize Worldwide: Theoretical and Practical Concepts. Peter Lang. pp. 9--497.
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  12.  4
    Emotional Facial Expressions and the Attentional Blink: Attenuated Blink for Angry and Happy Faces Irrespective of Social Anxiety.Peter J. de Jong, Ernst Hw Koster, Rineke van Wees & Sander Martens - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (8):1640-1652.
  13.  6
    Mathematics and Measurements for High-Throughput Quantitative Biology.Harald Martens & Achim Kohler - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (1):29-43.
    Bioscientists generate far more data than their minds can handle, and this trend is likely to continue. With the aid of a small set of versatile tools for mathematical modeling and statistical assessment, bioscientists can explore their real-world systems without experiencing data overflow. This article outlines an approach for combining modern high-throughput, low-cost, but non-selective biospectroscopy measurements with soft, multivariate biochemometrics data modeling to overview complex systems, test hypotheses, and making new discoveries. From preliminary, broad hypotheses and goals, many relevant (...)
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  14.  4
    Status Signals: Adaptive Benefits of Displaying and Observing the Nonverbal Expressions of Pride and Shame.Jason P. Martens, Jessica L. Tracy & Azim F. Shariff - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (3):390-406.
  15.  26
    Social Evolution and Strategic Thinking.Johannes Martens - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):697-715.
    Thinking about organisms as if they were rational agents which could choose their own phenotypic traits according to their fitness values is a common heuristic in the field of evolutionary theory. In a 1998 paper, however, Elliott Sober has emphasized several alleged shortcomings of this kind of analogical reasoning when applied to the analysis of social behaviors. According to him, the main flaw of this heuristic is that it proves to be a misleading tool when it is used for predicting (...)
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  16.  8
    Five Common Mistakes in Designing and Implementing a Business Ethics Program.Lori Tansey Martens & Kristen Day - 1999 - Business and Society Review 104 (2):163-170.
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  17.  22
    Argumentation: Approaches to Theory Formation: Containing the Contributions to the Groningen Conference on the Theory of Argumentation, October 1978.E. M. Barth & J. L. Martens (eds.) - 1982 - Benjamins.
    The contributions in the first part Re-modelling logic of this volume take account of formal logic in the theory of rational argumentation.
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  18.  8
    Knowledge, True Belief, and Virtuous Fallibilism.David Martens - 2010 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6 (2):14-24.
  19.  75
    A Formal Approach to Vague Expressions with Indexicals.Liesbeth Martens & Giuseppe Primiero - 2012 - In Alastair Butler (ed.), Proceedings of the Ninth International Workshop of Logic and Engineering of Natural Language Semantics (LENLS 9). Japan Society for Artificial Intelligence.
  20.  17
    Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics, Joint Measurement of Incompatible Observables, and Counterfactual Definiteness.W. M. De Muynck, W. De Baere & H. Martens - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (12):1589-1664.
    The validity of the conclusion to the nonlocality of quantum mechanics, accepted widely today as the only reasonable solution to the EPR and Bell issues, is questioned and criticized. Arguments are presented which remove the compelling character of this conclusion and make clear that it is not the most obvious solution. Alternative solutions are developed which are free of the contradictions related with the nonlocality conclusion. Firstly, the dependence on the adopted interpretation is shown, with the conclusion that the alleged (...)
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  21.  14
    Harmony and Simplicity: Aesthetic Virtues and the Rise of Testability.Rhonda Martens - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (3):258-266.
    Copernicus claimed that his system was preferable in part on the grounds of its superior harmony and simplicity, but left very few hints as to what was meant by these terms. Copernicus’s pupil, Rheticus, was more forthcoming. Kepler, influenced by Rheticus, articulated further the nature of the virtues of harmony and simplicity. I argue that these terms are metaphors for the structural features of the Copernican system that make it more able to effectively exploit the available data. So it is (...)
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  22. Argumentum Ad Hominem: From Chaos to Formal Dialectic.Else M. Barth & Jan L. Martens - 1977 - Logique Et Analyse 20 (77):76-96.
     
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  23.  19
    The FASB's Cost/Benefit Constraint in Theory and Practice.Stanley Martens & Kevin Stevens - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (3):171-179.
    The FASB in its Conceptual Framework has set high principles in the ethics of standard-setting in accounting. This paper concentrates on what the FASB calls the cost/benefit constraint, i.e., the commitment to setting an accounting standard only when the benefits of the standard exceeds the costs of that standard toall stakeholders. This constraint is supposed to take precedence over other concerns, such as neutrality (freedom from bias) of account information.The major conclusion of this paper is that a conflict exists between (...)
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  24.  1
    “Yielding Ground to None”: Normative Perspectives on African Philosophy and its Curricula.David B. Martens - 2016 - South African Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):383-400.
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  25.  97
    Close Enough to Reference.David B. Martens - 1993 - Synthese 95 (3):357 - 377.
    This paper proposes a response to the duplication objection to the descriptive theory of singular mental reference. This objection involves hypothetical cases in each of which there are a pair of qualitatively indistinguishable objects and a thought that apparently refers to only one of the pair, despite the descriptive indistinguishability of the two objects. I identify a concept of reference-likeness or closeness to reference, which is related to the concept of genuine singular reference as the concept of truthlikeness or closeness (...)
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  26.  25
    Confidence in Unwarranted Knowledge.David B. Martens - 2006 - Erkenntnis 65 (2):143 - 164.
    Epistemic minimalism affirms that mere true belief is sufficient for propositional knowledge. I construct a taxonomy of some specific forms of minimalism and locate within that taxonomy the distinct positions of various advocates of minimalism, including Alvin Goldman, Jaakko Hintikka, Crispin Sartwell, Wolfgang Lenzen, Franz von Kutschera, and others. I weigh generic minimalism against William Lycan’s objection that minimalism is incompatible with plausible principles about relations between knowledge, belief, and confidence. I argue that Lycan’s objection fails for equivocation but that (...)
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  27.  76
    Schroedinger's Register: Foundational Issues and Physical Realization.Stephen Pink & Stanley Martens - manuscript
    This work-in-progress paper consists of four points which relate to the foundations and physical realization of quantum computing. The first point is that the qubit cannot be taken as the basic unit for quantum computing, because not every superposition of bit-strings of length n can be factored into a string of n-qubits. The second point is that the “No-cloning” theorem does not apply to the copying of one quantum register into another register, because the mathematical representation of this copying is (...)
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  28.  14
    The Search for the Face of the Visual Homunculus.Job van den Hurk, Felipe Pegado, Farah Martens & Hans P. Op de Beeck - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (11):638-641.
  29.  2
    Effects of a Behaviour Independent Financial Incentive on Prescribing Behaviour of General Practitioners.Jody D. Martens, Mirjam J. Werkhoven, Johan L. Severens & Ron A. G. Winkens - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (3):369-373.
  30.  4
    A Multicomponential Model of Shame.Willem Martens - 2005 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 35 (4):399-411.
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  31.  27
    Patrick J. Boner Kepler’s Cosmological Synthesis: Astrology, Mechanism and the Soul , Pp. 204, € 101, $138, ISBN 978 90 04 24608 9. [REVIEW]Rhonda Martens - 2014 - Early Science and Medicine 19 (2):197-199.
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  32.  6
    Inclusive Fitness and the Maximizing-Agent Analogy.Johannes Martens - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axw003.
    In social evolution theory, biological individuals are often represented on the model of rational agents, that is, as if they were ‘seeking’ to maximize their own reproductive success. In the 1990s, important criticisms of this mode of thinking were made by Brian Skyrms and Elliott Sober, who both argued that ‘rational agent’ models can lead to incorrect predictions when there are positive correlations between individuals’ phenotypes. In this article, I argue that one model of rational choice—namely, Savage’s model —can actually (...)
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  33.  19
    Demonstratives, Descriptions, and Knowledge.David B. Martens - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):947-963.
  34.  46
    William Heytesbury and the Conditions for Knowledge.David B. Martens - 2010 - Theoria 76 (4):355-374.
    Ivan Boh affirms and Robert Pasnau denies that William Heytesbury holds merely true belief to be sufficient for knowledge in the broad sense. I argue that Boh is correct and Pasnau is mistaken, and that there is a long-running orthodox medieval tradition agreeing with Heytesbury about the conditions for knowledge. I offer a hypothesis about the origins, continuance and demise of that medieval tradition, and some remarks about the tradition's significance.
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  35.  20
    The Need for a Chesterton Institute.Jim Martens - 1995 - The Chesterton Review 21 (4):564-564.
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  36. Function of Colloquial Language in Philosophical Didactics of Plato.E. Martens - 1978 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 85 (2):371-379.
  37. Timothy Williamson, Knowledge and its Limits Reviewed By.David B. Martens - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (3):226-228.
     
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  38. Gegenstände und Eigenschaften. Vom Nutzen einer einfachen philosophischen Unterscheidung.Will Martens - 2000 - In Peter-Ulrich Merz-Benz & Gerhard Wagner (eds.), Die Logik der Systeme. Universitätsverlag Konstanz. pp. 257--302.
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  39. New Axiomatizations of Vern.David B. Martens - 2002 - Logica Trianguli 6:21-24.
    This note gives two new axiomatizations of each of the modal logics Vern by extension of K with, respectively, an inference rule and an axiom schema other than Vern.
     
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  40.  39
    Spinoza on Attributes.Stanley C. Martens - 1978 - Synthese 37 (1):107 - 111.
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  41.  6
    Review: Review Essays: Demonstratives, Descriptions, and Knowledge: A Critical Study of Three Recent Books. [REVIEW]David B. Martens - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):947 - 963.
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  42.  25
    A Late Medieval Dispute About the Conditions for Knowledge.David B. Martens - 2011 - Philosophical Papers 40 (3):421-438.
    Philosophical Papers, Volume 40, Issue 3, Page 421-438, November 2011.
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  43.  12
    Another View on Late Antiquity: Sagalassos (SW Anatolia), its Suburbium and its Countryside in Late Antiquity.H. Vanhaverbeke, F. Martens & M. Waelkens - 2007 - In The Transition to Late Antiquity, on the Danube and Beyond. pp. 611-648.
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  44.  13
    Knowledge and True Belief in Early Analytic Philosophy.D. B. Martens - 2012 - South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):576-599.
    I argue that the sufficiency of true belief for knowledge was accepted by some principal figures in the early history of analytic philosophy, including Russell, Schlick, McTaggart, and Moore, among others.
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  45.  8
    The HERMES Charm Upgrade Program: A Measurement of the Double Spin Asymmetry in Charm Leptoproduction.M. Amarian, E. Aschenauer, N. Bianchi, A. Borissov, J. Brack, S. Brons, N. C. R. Makins, F. K. Martens, F. Meissner & C. A. Miller - 1997 - Hermes 97:004.
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  46.  8
    Bypassing Obstacles to Access: How NGOs Are Taken Piggy-Back to the UN. [REVIEW]Kerstin Martens - 2004 - Human Rights Review 5 (3):80-91.
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  47.  4
    In Memory of P. F. Strawson.David B. Martens - 2008 - South African Journal of Philosophy 27 (3):163-166.
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  48. Philosophie Ein Grundkurs.Ekkehard Martens & Herbert Schnädelbach - 1988 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 42 (2):342-345.
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  49.  23
    First-Person Belief and Empirical Certainty.David B. Martens - 2010 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 91 (1):118-136.
    This is a critical exposition and limited defence of a theory of first- person belief transiently held by Roderick Chisholm after giving up the early haecceity theory of Person and Object and before adopting the late self-attribution theory of The First Person. I reconstruct that 'middle' theory as involving what I call a 'hard-core' approach to de re belief and I rebut objections concerning epistemic supervenience and abnormal consciousness. In my rebuttals, I sketch a variant of the middle theory according (...)
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  50.  17
    Tobias Trappe, Transzendentale Erfahrung. Vorstudien Zu Einer Transzendentalen Methodenlehre.Karl Martens - 1998 - Husserl Studies 15 (3):231-238.
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