Results for 'Silke Britzen'

182 found
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  1.  33
    The Milky Way’s Supermassive Black Hole: How Good a Case Is It?: A Challenge for Astrophysics & Philosophy of Science.Andreas Eckart, Andreas Hüttemann, Claus Kiefer, Silke Britzen, Michal Zajaček, Claus Lämmerzahl, Manfred Stöckler, Monica Valencia-S., Vladimir Karas & Macarena García-Marín - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (5):553-624.
    The compact and, with \ M\, very massive object located at the center of the Milky Way is currently the very best candidate for a supermassive black hole in our immediate vicinity. The strongest evidence for this is provided by measurements of stellar orbits, variable X-ray emission, and strongly variable polarized near-infrared emission from the location of the radio source Sagittarius A* in the middle of the central stellar cluster. Simultaneous near-infrared and X-ray observations of SgrA* have revealed insights into (...)
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  2. Courage in Dark Places: Reflections on Terrorist Psychology.Andrew Silke - 2004 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 71 (1):177-198.
     
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  3.  20
    Telling the Truth About Power? Journalism Discourses and the Facilitation of Inequality.Henry Silke, Fergal Quinn & Maria Rieder - 2019 - Critical Discourse Studies 16 (3):241-247.
    The issue of socio-economic inequality has after many decades of benign neglect, in both the academy and journalism, become an increasingly important question. The economic crisis, beginning in 2007/2008 and followed by years of austerity has exasperated class and regional division. There have been numerous socio-economic and political outcomes from this; not least the Brexit vote in the UK and the election of Donald Trump, both unimaginable a decade ago. The role of journalism and the wider media in the production (...)
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  4.  15
    Denying, Downplaying, Debating: Defensive Discourses of Inequality in the Debate on Piketty.Andrea Grisold & Henry Silke - 2019 - Critical Discourse Studies 16 (3):264-281.
    ABSTRACTA clear sign of the heightened interest in economic inequality was the surprise popularity of Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the twenty-first century. The book reached the top of the bestseller lists and was described as a ‘media sensation’ and Piketty himself as a ‘rockstar economist’. Piketty’s key thesis stated that the return on investment will be higher than economic growth, meaning that inequality is destined to worsen and that the post-war Keynesian period of progress, in terms of a flattening of (...)
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  5.  14
    Narrowing the Discourse? Growing Precarity in Freelance Journalism and its Effect on the Construction of News Discourse.Kathryn Hayes & Henry Silke - 2019 - Critical Discourse Studies 16 (3):363-379.
    ABSTRACTAs the number of freelance journalists increases, the changing nature of work in journalism has effects and possible implications for the kinds of news discourses that are circulated. This paper explores the experiences of freelance journalists in the Republic of Ireland in the context of increasing casualised work. We consider whether challenging working conditions impacts the type of journalism work carried out by freelancers and by extension influences the construction of news and wider discourse. Following the constructionist school, this paper (...)
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  6.  21
    Structural Connectivity of Left Cortical Speech Regions Defined by Direct Cortical Stimulation During Awake Language Mapping.Kell Christian, Hok Pavel, Fuhrmann Silke, Kropff Ines, Forster Marie-Therese, Senft Christian & Seifert Volker - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  7.  16
    2.7 Dimension: Body (Silke Leonhard/Lisbeth Thoresen).Silke Leonhard - 2010 - In Trygve Wyller & Hans-Günter Heimbrock (eds.), Perceiving the Other: Case Studies and Theories of Respectful Action. Oxbow [Distributor]. pp. 133.
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  8.  6
    Astrolabes in Medieval Cultures, Edited by Josefina Rodriguez-Arribas, Charles Burnett, Silke Ackermann, and Ryan Szpiech, 2019.Margaret E. Gaida - 2020 - Early Science and Medicine 25 (1):76-79.
  9. Spaces of Encounter. From the Desert to the City and Back: Nomads and the Spaces of Goethe's West-Östlicher Divan [West-Eastern Divan, 1819/1827] / Kamaal Haque ; Not All Who Wander Are Lost: Alfred Döblin's Reise in Polen [Journey to Poland, 1925] / June J. Hwang ; The Feminine Topography of Zion: Mapping Gertrud Kolmar's Poetic Imagination / Carola Daffner ; Jewish Colonia as Heimat in the Pampas: Robert Schopflocher's Explorations of Thirdspace in Argentina / Will Lehman ; Rewriting Home and Migration: Spatiality in the Narratives of Emine Sevgi Özdamar / Silke Schade ; Transcultural Space and Music: Fatih Akin's Crossing the Bridge: The Sound of Istanbul (2005). [REVIEW]Barbara Kosta - 2010 - In Jaimey Fisher & Barbara Caroline Mennel (eds.), Spatial Turns: Space, Place, and Mobility in German Literary and Visual Culture. Rodopi.
     
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  10.  25
    H ESTER H IGTON, with Contributions From Silke Ackermann, Richard Dunn, Kiyoshi Takada and Anthony Turner, Sundials at Greenwich: A Catalogue of the Sundials, Horary Quadrants and Nocturnals in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press and National Maritime Museum, 2002. Pp. X+463. ISBN 0-19-850877-8. £99.50. [REVIEW]Catherine Eagleton - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (1):129-130.
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  11.  31
    Gurch Randhawa and Silke Schicktanz : Public Engagement in Organ Donation and Transplantation: Pabst Science Publishers, 2013, 176 Pp, 20.00 EUR, ISBN: 978-3-89967-821-5.Karen De Looze - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (5):369-372.
  12.  9
    Scientific Instruments on Display - by Silke Ackermann, Richard L. Kremer and Mara Miniati.Emma Perkins - 2015 - Centaurus 57 (4):269-271.
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  13.  15
    Hester Higton. Sundials at Greenwich: A Catalogue of the Sundials, Nocturnals, and Horary Quadrants in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. With Contributions From, Silke Ackermann, Richard Dunn, Kiyoshi Takada, and Anthony Turner. X + 463 Pp., Illus., Apps., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press and National Maritime Museum, 2002. $185. [REVIEW]Marvin Bolt - 2004 - Isis 95 (1):102-103.
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  14.  17
    Simone Ehm, Silke Schicktanz (Hrsg) (2006) Körper als Maß? Biomedizinische Eingriffe und ihre Auswirkungen auf Körper- und Identitätsverständnisse: S. Hirzel, Stuttgart, 254 S.Werner Schneider - 2007 - Ethik in der Medizin 19 (2):166-167.
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  15.  11
    Silke Fengler;, Carola Sachse . Kernforschung in Österreich: Wandlungen eines interdisziplinären Forschungsfeldes 1900–1978. 407 pp., illus., tables, index. Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, 2012. €35. [REVIEW]Horst Kant - 2014 - Isis 105 (1):247-248.
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  16.  1
    At the End or Just at the Beginning?: Review of “Planning Later Life-Bioethics and Public Health in Ageing Societies”: Edited by Mark Schweda, Larissa Pfaller, Kai Brauer, Frank Adloff, and Silke Schicktanz. [REVIEW]Martin Sand - 2018 - Monash Bioethics Review 36 (1-4):96-99.
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  17.  10
    Silke Ackermann;, Richard L. Kremer;, Mara Miniati . Scientific Instruments on Display. Xxxiv + 231 Pp., Illus., Figs., Index. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2014. €110. [REVIEW]Paolo Brenni - 2015 - Isis 106 (3):703-704.
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  18.  5
    Silke Fengler; Carola Sachse . Kernforschung in Österreich: Wandlungen eines interdisziplinären Forschungsfeldes, 1900–1978. 411 pp., illus., tables. Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, 2012. €35 .Silke Fengler. Kerne, Kooperation und Konkurrenz: Kernforschung in Österreich im internationalen Kontext . 373 pp. Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, 2014. €49. [REVIEW]Roland Wittje - 2016 - Isis 107 (3):666-668.
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  19.  8
    Silke Fengler,Kerne, Kooperation und Konkurrenz. Kernforschung in Österreich im internationalen Kontext , Wien usw.: Böhlau 2014. [REVIEW]Michael Eckert - 2015 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 38 (4):350-352.
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  20.  26
    Silke Ackermann, Richard L. Kremer and Mara Miniati , Scientific Instruments on Display. Leiden: Brill, 2014. Pp. Xxxiv + 231. ISBN 978-90-04-26439-7. £88.00. [REVIEW]Rebekah Higgitt - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Science 48 (4):697-699.
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  21.  33
    Doing Well by Doing Good? Analyzing the Relationship Between CEO Ethical Leadership and Firm Performance.Silke Astrid Eisenbeiss, Daan van Knippenberg & Clemens Maximilian Fahrbach - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (3):635-651.
    Business ethics and firm economic performance have traditionally often been regarded as mutually exclusive ends. We challenge this “either-or” belief and analyze when and how ethical firm leadership and firm performance may harmonize well. In extension of earlier research on ethical leadership and performance at the individual and team level, we study the context–dependency of the organization level relationship between CEO ethical leadership and firm performance. We propose a moderated mediation model of the link between CEO ethical leadership and firm (...)
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  22.  17
    The Ethics of ‘Public Understanding of Ethics’—Why and How Bioethics Expertise Should Include Public and Patients’ Voices.Silke Schicktanz, Mark Schweda & Brian Wynne - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):129-139.
    “Ethics” is used as a label for a new kind of expertise in the field of science and technology. At the same time, it is not clear what ethical expertise consists in and what its political status in modern democracies can be. Starting from the “participatory turn” in recent social research and policy, we will argue that bioethical reasoning has to include public views of and attitudes towards biomedicine. We will sketch the outlines of a bioethical conception of “public understanding (...)
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  23.  1
    Risikoadaptierte Prävention: Governance Perspective Für Leistungsansprüche Bei Genetischen (Brustkrebs-)Risiken.Friedhelm Meier, Anke Harney, Kerstin Rhiem, Anja Neumann, Silke Neusser, Matthias Braun, Jürgen Wasem, Rita Schmutzler, Stefan Huster & Peter Dabrock - 2018 - Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
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  24.  83
    Ethical and Unethical Leadership: A Cross-Cultural and Cross-Sectoral Analysis.Silke Astrid Eisenbeiß & Felix Brodbeck - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (2):1-17.
    Current literature on ethical leadership and unethical leadership reflects a Western-based private sector perspective, pointing toward a compliance-oriented understanding of ethical and unethical leadership. As today’s executives increasingly have to ethically lead across different cultures and sectors, it becomes vitally important to develop a more holistic picture how ethical and unethical leadership is perceived in the Western and Eastern cultural cluster and the private and the public/social sector. Addressing this issue, the present study aims to identify cross-cultural and cross-sectoral commonalities (...)
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  25.  4
    Patient Representation: Mind the Gap Between Individual and Collective Claims.Karin R. Jongsma & Silke Schicktanz - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (4):28-30.
    Volume 20, Issue 4, May 2020, Page 28-30.
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  26.  14
    The Impact of Gender Stereotypes on the Self-Concept of Female Students in STEM Subjects with an Under-Representation of Females.Ertl Bernhard, Luttenberger Silke & Paechter Manuela - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  27.  32
    Research Across the Disciplines: A Road Map for Quality Criteria in Empirical Ethics Research.Marcel Mertz, Julia Inthorn, Günter Renz, Lillian Geza Rothenberger, Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann, Sabine Wöhlke & Silke Schicktanz - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):17.
    Research in the field of Empirical Ethics (EE) uses a broad variety of empirical methodologies, such as surveys, interviews and observation, developed in disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and psychology. Whereas these empirical disciplines see themselves as purely descriptive, EE also aims at normative reflection. Currently there is literature about the quality of empirical research in ethics, but little or no reflection on specific methodological aspects that must be considered when conducting interdisciplinary empirical ethics. Furthermore, poor methodology in an EE (...)
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  28.  17
    Understanding Collective Agency in Bioethics.Katharina Beier, Isabella Jordan, Claudia Wiesemann & Silke Schicktanz - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (3):411-422.
    Bioethicists tend to focus on the individual as the relevant moral subject. Yet, in highly complex and socially differentiated healthcare systems a number of social groups, each committed to a common cause, are involved in medical decisions and sometimes even try to influence bioethical discourses according to their own agenda. We argue that the significance of these collective actors is unjustifiably neglected in bioethics. The growing influence of collective actors in the fields of biopolitics and bioethics leads us to pursue (...)
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  29.  18
    ‘In a Completely Different Light’? The Role of ‘Being Affected’ for the Epistemic Perspectives and Moral Attitudes of Patients, Relatives and Lay People.Silke Schicktanz, Mark Schweda & Martina Franzen - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (1):57-72.
    In this paper, we explore and discuss the use of the concept of being affected in biomedical decision making processes in Germany. The corresponding German term ‘Betroffenheit’ characterizes on the one hand a relation between a state of affairs and a person and on the other an emotional reaction that involves feelings like concern and empathy with the suffering of others. An example for the increasing relevance of being affected is the postulation of the participation of people with disabilities and (...)
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  30.  49
    What is Shared in Joint Action? Issues of Co-Representation, Response Conflict, and Agent Identification.Dorit Wenke, Silke Atmaca, Antje Holländer, Roman Liepelt, Pamela Baess & Wolfgang Prinz - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (2):147-172.
    When sharing a task with another person that requires turn taking, as in doubles games of table tennis, performance on the shared task is similar to performing the whole task alone. This has been taken to indicate that humans co-represent their partner’s task share, as if it were their own. Task co-representation allows prediction of the other’s responses when it is the other’s turn, and leads to response conflict in joint interference tasks. However, data from our lab cast doubt on (...)
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  31.  17
    Dyscalculia From a Developmental and Differential Perspective.Liane Kaufmann, Michèle M. Mazzocco, Ann Dowker, Michael von Aster, Silke M. Göbel, Roland H. Grabner, Avishai Henik, Nancy C. Jordan, Annette D. Karmiloff-Smith, Karin Kucian, Orly Rubinsten, Denes Szucs, Ruth Shalev & Hans-Christoph Nuerk - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  32.  23
    How Space-Number Associations May Be Created in Preliterate Children: Six Distinct Mechanisms.Hans-Christoph Nuerk, Katarzyna Patro, Ulrike Cress, Ulrike Schild, Claudia K. Friedrich & Silke M. Göbel - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  33.  4
    One For All, All For One? Collective Representation in Healthcare Policy.Karin Jongsma, Nitzan Rimon-Zarfaty, Aviad Raz & Silke Schicktanz - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (3):337-340.
    Healthcare collectives, such as patient organizations, advocacy groups, disability organizations, professional associations, industry advocates, social movements, and health consumer organizations have been increasingly involved in healthcare policymaking. Such collectives are based on the idea that individual interests can be aggregated into collective interests by participation, deliberation, and representation. The topic of collectivity in healthcare, more specifically collective representation, has only rarely been addressed in bioethics. This symposium, entitled: “Collective Representation in Healthcare Policy” of the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry draws attention (...)
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  34.  62
    What German Experts Expect From Individualized Medicine: Problems of Uncertainty and Future Complication in Physician–Patient Interaction.Arndt Heßling & Silke Schicktanz - 2012 - Clinical Ethics 7 (2):86-93.
    ‘Individualized medicine’ is an emerging paradigm in clinical life science research. We conducted a socio-empirical interview study in a leading German clinical research group, aiming at implementing ‘individualized medicine’ of colorectal cancer. The goal was to investigate moral and social issues related to physician–patient interaction and clinical care, and to identify the points raised, supported and rejected by the physicians and researchers. Up to now there has been only limited insight into how experts dedicated to individualized medicine view its problems. (...)
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  35.  23
    Möglichkeiten und Grenzen von Ethikberatung im Rahmen der COVID-19-Pandemie.Georg Marckmann, Gerald Neitzke, Annette Riedel, Silke Schicktanz, Jan Schildmann, Alfred Simon, Ralf Stoecker, Jochen Vollmann, Eva Winkler & Christin Zang - 2020 - Ethik in der Medizin 32 (2):195-199.
    Das deutsche Gesundheitswesen steht durch die schnell steigende Anzahl an CO- VID-19-Erkrankten vor erheblichen Herausforderungen. In dieser Krisensituation sind alle Beteiligten mit ethischen Fragen konfrontiert, beispielsweise nach gerech- ten Verteilungskriterien bei begrenzten Ressourcen und dem gesundheitlichen Schutz des Personals angesichts einer bisher nicht therapierbaren Erkrankung. Daher werden schon jetzt klinische und ambulante Ethikberatungsangebote verstärkt mit Anfragen nach Unterstützung konfrontiert. Wie können Ethikberater*innen Entscheidungen in der Krankenversorgung im Rahmen der COVID-19-Pandemie unterstützen? Welche Grenzen von Ethikberatung sind zu beachten? Bislang liegen hierzu (...)
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  36.  52
    Erratum To: The Ethics of 'Public Understanding of Ethics'—Why and How Bioethics Expertise Should Include Public and Patients' Voices.Silke Schicktanz, Mark Schweda & Brian Wynne - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):251-251.
    “Ethics” is used as a label for a new kind of expertise in the field of science and technology. At the same time, it is not clear what ethical expertise consists in and what its political status in modern democracies can be. Starting from the “participatory turn” in recent social research and policy, we will argue that bioethical reasoning has to include public views of and attitudes towards biomedicine. We will sketch the outlines of a bioethical conception of “public understanding (...)
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  37.  84
    Corporate Governance and Ethics: A Feminist Perspective.Silke Machold, Pervaiz K. Ahmed & Stuart S. Farquhar - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (3):665-678.
    The mainstream literature on corporate governance is based on the premise of conflicts of interest in a competitive game played by variously defined stakeholders and thus builds explicitly and/or implicitly on masculinist ethical theories. This article argues that insights from feminist ethics, and in particular ethics of care, can provide a different, yet relevant, lens through which to study corporate governance. Based on feminist ethical theories, the article conceptualises a governance model that is different from the current normative orthodoxy.
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  38.  3
    Country and Sex Differences in Decision Making Under Uncertainty and Risk.Varsha Singh, Johannes Schiebener, Silke M. Müller, Magnus Liebherr, Matthias Brand & Melissa T. Buelow - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  39.  21
    “What the Patient Wants…”: Lay Attitudes Towards End-of-Life Decisions in Germany and Israel.Julia Inthorn, Silke Schicktanz, Nitzan Rimon-Zarfaty & Aviad Raz - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (3):329-340.
    National legislation, as well as arguments of experts, in Germany and Israel represent opposite regulatory approaches and positions in bioethical debates concerning end-of-life care. This study analyzes how these positions are mirrored in the attitudes of laypeople and influenced by the religious views and personal experiences of those affected. We qualitatively analyzed eight focus groups in Germany and Israel in which laypeople were asked to discuss similar scenarios involving the withholding or withdrawing of treatment, physician-assisted suicide, and euthanasia. In both (...)
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  40.  13
    Bending Rules: The Shape of the Perceptual Generalisation Gradient is Sensitive to Inference Rules.Yannick Boddez, Marc Patrick Bennett, Silke van Esch & Tom Beckers - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (7):1444-1452.
    Generalising what is learned about one stimulus to other but perceptually related stimuli is a basic behavioural phenomenon. We evaluated whether a rule learning mechanism may serve to explain such generalisation. To this end, we assessed whether inference rules communicated through verbal instructions affect generalisation. Expectancy ratings, but not valence ratings, proved sensitive to this manipulation. In addition to revealing a role for inference rules in generalisation, our study has clinical implications as well. More specifically, we argue that targeting inference (...)
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  41.  4
    Systems, Subjects, Sessions: To What Extent Do These Factors Influence EEG Data?Andrew Melnik, Petr Legkov, Krzysztof Izdebski, Silke M. Kärcher, W. David Hairston, Daniel P. Ferris & Peter König - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  42.  6
    Beyond Cultural Stereotyping: Views on End-of-Life Decision Making Among Religious and Secular Persons in the USA, Germany, and Israel.Mark Schweda, Silke Schicktanz, Aviad Raz & Anita Silvers - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):13.
    End-of-life decision making constitutes a major challenge for bioethical deliberation and political governance in modern democracies: On the one hand, it touches upon fundamental convictions about life, death, and the human condition. On the other, it is deeply rooted in religious traditions and historical experiences and thus shows great socio-cultural diversity. The bioethical discussion of such cultural issues oscillates between liberal individualism and cultural stereotyping. Our paper confronts the bioethical expert discourse with public moral attitudes. The paper is based on (...)
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  43.  35
    Exploring the Positions of German and Israeli Patient Organizations in the Bioethical Context of End-of-Life Policies.Aviad Raz, Isabella Jordan & Silke Schicktanz - 2014 - Health Care Analysis 22 (2):143-159.
    Patient organizations are increasingly involved in national and international bioethical debates and health policy deliberations. In order to examine how and to what extent cultural factors and organizational contexts influence the positions of patient organizations, this study compares the positions of German and Israeli patient organizations (POs) on issues related to end-of-life medical care. We draw on a qualitative pilot study of thirteen POs, using as a unit of analysis pairs comprised of one German PO and one Israeli PO that (...)
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  44.  8
    Patient Representation and Advocacy for Alzheimer Disease in Germany and Israel.Silke Schicktanz, Nitzan Rimon-Zarfaty, Aviad Raz & Karin Jongsma - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (3):369-380.
    This paper analyses self-declared aims and representation of dementia patient organizations and advocacy groups in relation to two recent upheavals: the critique of social stigmatization and biomedical research focusing on prediction. Based on twenty-six semi-structured interviews conducted in 2016–2017 with members, service recipients, and board representatives of POs in Germany and Israel, a comparative analysis was conducted, based on a grounded theory approach, to detect emerging topics within and across the POs and across national contexts. We identified a heterogeneous landscape, (...)
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  45.  7
    The Role of Animacy in Children's Interpretation of Relative Clauses in English: Evidence From Sentence–Picture Matching and Eye Movements.Ross Macdonald, Silke Brandt, Anna Theakston, Elena Lieven & Ludovica Serratrice - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (8).
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  46.  33
    Zum Stellenwert von Betroffenheit, Öffentlichkeit und Deliberation im empirical turn der Medizinethik.Silke Schicktanz - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):223-234.
    Für die Medizinethik liegt ein großes Potential sozialempirischer Forschung in der Erhöhung der Kontextsensitivität, dem Sichtbarmachen von sozialen und institutionellen Rollen und dem Einbringen von Stimmen, die bislang zu wenig gehört worden sind. Diese Möglichkeiten bergen jedoch auch das Risiko, dass Deliberation und Argumentation durch Umfragen und Meinungserhebungen ersetzt werden. Der in den Sozialwissenschaften einsetzende participatory turn gibt Anlass, Anliegen und Methoden klassischer sozialempirischer Vorgehensweisen aus normativer Sicht zu hinterfragen. Eine Auseinandersetzung mit Konzeptionen von Betroffenheit, Öffentlichkeit und Expertise ist nicht (...)
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  47.  23
    Diversity and Uniformity in Genetic Responsibility: Moral Attitudes of Patients, Relatives and Lay People in Germany and Israel. [REVIEW]Aviad E. Raz & Silke Schicktanz - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):433-442.
    The professional and institutional responsibility for handling genetic knowledge is well discussed; less attention has been paid to how lay people and particularly people who are affected by genetic diseases perceive and frame such responsibilities. In this exploratory study we qualitatively examine the attitudes of lay people, patients and relatives of patients in Germany and Israel towards genetic testing. These attitudes are further examined in the national context of Germany and Israel, which represent opposite regulatory approaches and bioethical debates concerning (...)
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  48.  26
    The Cultural Context of Patient’s Autonomy and Doctor’s Duty: Passive Euthanasia and Advance Directives in Germany and Israel. [REVIEW]Silke Schicktanz, Aviad Raz & Carmel Shalev - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (4):363-369.
    The moral discourse surrounding end-of-life (EoL) decisions is highly complex, and a comparison of Germany and Israel can highlight the impact of cultural factors. The comparison shows interesting differences in how patient’s autonomy and doctor’s duties are morally and legally related to each other with respect to the withholding and withdrawing of medical treatment in EoL situations. Taking the statements of two national expert ethics committees on EoL in Israel and Germany (and their legal outcome) as an example of this (...)
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  49.  52
    The Diversity of Responsibility: The Value of Explication and Pluralization.Silke Schicktanz & Mark Schweda - 2012 - Medicine Studies 3 (3):131-145.
    PurposeAlthough the term “responsibility” plays a central role in bioethics and public health, its meaning and implications are often unclear. This paper defends the importance of a more systematic conception of responsibility to improve moral philosophical as well as descriptive analysis.MethodsWe start with a formal analysis of the relational conception of responsibility and its meta-ethical presuppositions. In a brief historical overview, we compare global-collective, professional, personal, and social responsibility. The value of our analytical matrix is illustrated by sorting out the (...)
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  50.  49
    Public Moralities Concerning Donation and Disposition of Organs: Results From a Cross-European Study.Mark Schweda & Silke Schicktanz - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (3):308-317.
    There are not many international consensuses in the governance of biomedicine. One that exists concerns a general reluctance toward a commercialization of organ procurement. However, with reference to the problem of there is an increasingly louder call in ethical and legal discourse to and to establish a debate on financial incentives Other ethicists and jurists criticize this development, and warn of injustice, exploitation of the poor, and a commodification of the human body.
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