Results for 'Sim Bamford'

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  1. Transfer of Personality to Synthetic Human ("Mind Uploading") and the Social Construction of Identity.John Danaher & Sim Bamford - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (11-12):6-30.
    Humans have long wondered whether they can survive the death of their physical bodies. Some people now look to technology as a means by which this might occur, using terms such 'whole brain emulation', 'mind uploading', and 'substrate independent minds' to describe a set of hypothetical procedures for transferring or emulating the functioning of a human mind on a synthetic substrate. There has been much debate about the philosophical implications of such procedures for personal survival. Most participants to that debate (...)
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  2. A Framework for Approaches to Transfer of a Mind's Substrate.Sim Bamford - 2012 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (01):23-34.
  3.  60
    Remastering Morals with Aristotle and Confucius.May Sim - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Aristotle and Confucius are pivotal figures in world history; nevertheless, Western and Eastern cultures have in modern times largely abandoned the insights of these masters. Remastering Morals provides a book-length scholarly comparison of the ethics of Aristotle and Confucius. May Sim's comparisons offer fresh interpretations of the central teachings of both men. More than a catalog of similarities and differences, her study brings two great traditions into dialog so that each is able to learn from the other. This is essential (...)
  4. From Puzzles to Principles?: Essays on Aristotle's Dialectic.May Sim (ed.) - 1999 - Lexington Books.
    Scholars of classical philosophy have long disputed whether Aristotle was a dialectical thinker. Most agree that Aristotle contrasts dialectical reasoning with demonstrative reasoning, where the former reasons from generally accepted opinions and the latter reasons from the true and primary. Starting with a grasp on truth, demonstration never relinquishes it. Starting with opinion, how could dialectical reasoning ever reach truth, much less the truth about first principles? Is dialectic then an exercise that reiterates the prejudices of one's times and at (...)
     
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  5. How Clinical Trial Data Sharing Platforms Can Advance the Study of Biomarkers.Rebecca Li & Ida Sim - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (3):369-373.
    Although data sharing platforms host diverse data types the features of these platforms are well-suited to facilitating biomarker research. Given the current state of biomarker discovery, an innovative paradigm to accelerate biomarker discovery is to utilize platforms such as Vivli to leverage researchers' abilities to integrate certain classes of biomarkers.
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  6. From Analysis/Synthesis to Conjecture/Analysis: A Review of Karl Popper’s Influence on Design Methodology in Architecture.Greg Bamford - 2002 - Design Studies 23 (3):245-61.
    The two principal models of design in methodological circles in architecture—analysis/synthesis and conjecture/analysis—have their roots in philosophy of science, in different conceptions of scientific method. This paper explores the philosophical origins of these models and the reasons for rejecting analysis/synthesis in favour of conjecture/analysis, the latter being derived from Karl Popper’s view of scientific method. I discuss a fundamental problem with Popper’s view, however, and indicate a framework for conjecture/analysis to avoid this problem.
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  7. National Center for Biomedical Ontology: Advancing Biomedicine Through Structured Organization of Scientific Knowledge.Daniel L. Rubin, Suzanna E. Lewis, Chris J. Mungall, Misra Sima, Westerfield Monte, Ashburner Michael, Christopher G. Chute, Ida Sim, Harold Solbrig, M. A. Storey, Barry Smith, John D. Richter, Natasha Noy & Mark A. Musen - 2006 - Omics: A Journal of Integrative Biology 10 (2):185-198.
    The National Center for Biomedical Ontology is a consortium that comprises leading informaticians, biologists, clinicians, and ontologists, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Roadmap, to develop innovative technology and methods that allow scientists to record, manage, and disseminate biomedical information and knowledge in machine-processable form. The goals of the Center are (1) to help unify the divergent and isolated efforts in ontology development by promoting high quality open-source, standards-based tools to create, manage, and use ontologies, (2) to create (...)
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  8. Development of Preferences for the Human Body Shape in Infancy.Virginia Slaughter, Michelle Heron & Susan Sim - 2002 - Cognition 85 (3):71-81.
    Two studies investigated the development of infants' visual preferences for the human body shape. In Study 1, infants of 12,15 and 18 months were tested in a standard preferential looking experiment, in which they were shown paired line drawings of typical and scrambled bodies. Results indicated that the 18-month-olds had a reliable preference for the scrambled body shapes over typical body shapes, while the younger infants did not show differential responding. In Study 2, 12- and 18-month-olds were tested with the (...)
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  9. Design, Science and Conceptual Analysis.Greg Bamford - 1991 - In Jim Plume (ed.), Architectural Science and Design in Harmony: Proceedings of the joint ANZAScA / ADTRA conference, Sydney, 10-12 July, 1990. School of Architecture, University of NSW.
    Philosophers expend considerable effort on the analysis of concepts, but the value of such work is not widely appreciated. This paper principally analyses some arguments, beliefs, and presuppositions about the nature of design and the relations between design and science common in the literature to illustrate this point, and to contribute to the foundations of design theory.
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  10.  65
    The Routledge Companion to Postmodernism.Stuart Sim (ed.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    What does "postmodernism" mean? Why is it so important? Now in its second edition, The Routledge Companion to Postmodernism combines a series of in-depth background chapters with a body of A-Z entries to create an authoritative, yet readable guide to the complex world of postmodernism. Following full-length articles on postmodernism and philosophy, politics, feminism, religion, post-colonialis, lifestyles television, and other postmodern essentials, readers will find a wide range of alphabetically-organized entries on the people, terms and theories connected with postmodernism, including: (...)
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  11.  9
    Another Look at Looking Time: Surprise as Rational Statistical Inference.Zi L. Sim & Fei Xu - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):154-163.
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  12. Watkins and the Pragmatic Problem of Induction.Greg Bamford - 1989 - Analysis 49 (4):203-205.
    Watkins proposes a neo-Popperian solution to the pragmatic problem of induction. He asserts that evidence can be used non-inductively to prefer the principle that corroboration is more successful over all human history than that, say, counter-corroboration is more successful either over this same period or in the future. Watkins's argument for rejecting the first counter-corroborationist alternative is beside the point. However, as whatever is the best strategy over all human history is irrelevant to the pragmatic problem of induction since we (...)
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  13.  8
    Boundary Conditions for the Influence of Unfamiliar Non-Target Primes in Unconscious Evaluative Priming: The Moderating Role of Attentional Task Sets.Markus Kiefer, Eun-Jim Sim & Dirk Wentura - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:342-356.
  14. The Institutionalization of Organization Ethics.R. L. Sim - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (7):493-506.
  15. Dawn.Rebecca Bamford - 2018 - In Paul Katsafanas (ed.), Routledge Philosophical Minds: The Nietzschean Mind. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 37-52.
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  16.  4
    Outcome Processing and the Sense of Agency.Nicholas Hon & Jin-Lin Sim - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 77:102846.
  17.  14
    Unrequited.Rebecca Bamford - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (3):355-360.
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  18. Representational and Realised Design: Problems for Analogies Between Organisms and Artifacts.Greg Bamford - 2010 - Copenhagen Working Papers on Design 2010 // No. 2.
  19.  29
    Types of Centredness in Health Care: Themes and Concepts. [REVIEW]Julian C. Hughes, Claire Bamford & Carl May - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (4):455-463.
    Background For a variety of sociological reasons, different types of centredness have become important in health and social care. In trying to characterize one type of centredness, we were led to consider, at a conceptual level, the importance of the notion of centredness in general and the reasons for there being different types of centeredness. Method We searched the literature for papers on client-, family-, patient-, person- and relationship- centred care. We identified reviews or papers that defined or discussed the (...)
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  20. Popper and His Commentators on the Discovery of Neptune: A Close Shave for the Law of Gravitation?Greg Bamford - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (2):207-232.
    Knowledge of residual perturbations in the orbit of Uranus in the early 1840s did not lead to the refutation of Newton's law of gravitation but instead to the discovery of Neptune in 1846. Karl Popper asserts that this case is atypical of science and that the law of gravitation was at least prima facie falsified by these perturbations. I argue that these assertions are the product of a false, a priori methodological position I call, 'Weak Popperian Falsificationism'. Further, on the (...)
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  21. Postmodernism and Philosophy.Stuart Sim - 2011 - In The Routledge Companion to Postmodernism. Routledge.
  22. Nietzsche's Free Spirit Philosophy.Rebecca Bamford (ed.) - 2015 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    A major collection of essays by a panel of leading Nietzsche scholars exploring Nietzsche's philosophy of the free spirit.
     
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  23.  12
    The Relevance of Existentialism.Rebecca Bamford - 2019 - The Philosophers' Magazine 84:77-81.
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  24.  60
    Rethinking Honor with Aristotle and Confucius.May Sim - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (2):263-280.
    Confucius and Aristotle share the conviction that the virtuous deserves honor. While Aristotle thinks that the completely virtuous person should make claims to the honor he rightly deserves, Confucius maintains that he should be humble and disregard such claims. This radical opposition between Aristotle and Confucius about the good man’s attitude toward honor provides a case for examining the exemplary person for them. The author considers the reasons for their differences by focusing on the following questions: Who accords the honor? (...)
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  25.  58
    Nietzsche and Ubuntu.Rebecca Bamford - 2007 - South African Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):85-97.
    Here I argue that aspects of Nietzsche's thought may be productively compared with the role played by the concept of ubuntu in talk of cultural renaissance in South Africa. I show that Nietzsche respects and writes for humanity conceived of in a vital sense, thereby imagining a sense of authenticity that may prove significant to talk of cultural renaissance in South Africa. I question the view that Nietzsche is an individualist, drawing on debate between Conway (1990) and Gooding-Williams (2001), concerning (...)
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  26. What is the Problem of Ad Hoc Hypotheses?Greg Bamford - 1999 - Science & Education 8 (4):375 - 86..
    The received view of an ad hochypothesis is that it accounts for only the observation(s) it was designed to account for, and so non-ad hocness is generally held to be necessary or important for an introduced hypothesis or modification to a theory. Attempts by Popper and several others to convincingly explicate this view, however, prove to be unsuccessful or of doubtful value, and familiar and firmer criteria for evaluating the hypotheses or modified theories so classified are characteristically available. These points (...)
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  27.  23
    Dewey and Confucius: On Moral Education.May Sim - 2009 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 36 (1):85-105.
  28.  42
    The Moral Self in Confucius and Aristotle.May Sim - 2003 - International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (4):439-462.
    My purpose is to argue the following theses: (1) Habituation into virtue, social relations, and paradigmatic persons are central for both Aristotle and Confucius. Both therefore need a notion of self to support them. (2) Aristotle’s individualistic metaphysics cannot account for the thick relations that this requires. (3) The Confucian self, if entirely relationistic, cannot function as a locus of choice and agency; if fully ritualistic, it cannot function as a source of moral norms that might help assess existing social (...)
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  29. The Crossroads of Norm and Nature: Essays on Aristotle's Ethics and Metaphysics.May Sim - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  30.  78
    Popper's Explications of Ad Hocness: Circularity, Empirical Content, and Scientific Practice.Greg Bamford - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (2):335-355.
    Karl Popper defines an ad hoc hypothesis as one that is introduced to immunize a theory from some (or all) refutation but which cannot be tested independently. He has also attempted to explicate ad hocness in terms of certain other allegedly undesirable properties of hypotheses or of the explanations they would provide, but his account is confused and mistaken. The first such property is circularity, which is undesirable; the second such property is reduction in empirical content, which need not be. (...)
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  31.  6
    Shaping of Modern Southern African Biomes: Neogene Vegetation and Climate Changes.Frank H. Neumann & Marion K. Bamford - 2015 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 70 (3):195-212.
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  32.  42
    Fifty Key Postmodern Thinkers.Stuart Sim - unknown
    Postmodernism is an important part of the cultural landscape which continues to evolve, yet the ideas and theories surrounding the subject can be diverse and difficult to understand. Fifty Postmodern Thinkers critically examines the work of fifty of the most important theorists within the postmodern movement who have defined and shaped the field, bringing together their key ideas in an accessible format.
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  33.  42
    Yu, Jiyuan, the Ethics of Confucius and Aristotle: Mirrors of Virtue.May Sim - 2009 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 8 (2):225-232.
  34.  16
    Getting Even More Specific About Physicians' Obligations: Justice, Responsibility, and Professionalism.Rebecca Bamford - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (9):46-47.
    (2014). Getting Even More Specific About Physicians’ Obligations: Justice, Responsibility, and Professionalism. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 14, No. 9, pp. 46-47.
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  35.  19
    Ethical Review of Health Systems Research: Vulnerability and the Need for Philosophy in Research Ethics.Rebecca Bamford - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):38-39.
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  36.  6
    Aristotle in the Reconstruction of Confucian Ethics.May Sim - 2001 - International Philosophical Quarterly 41 (4):453-468.
  37. Research, Knowledge and Design.Greg Bamford - 2003 - In Clare Newton, Sandra Kaj-O'Grady & Simon Wollan (eds.), Design + Research: Project Based Research in Architecture. Second International Conference of the Association of Australasian Schools of Architecture, Melbourne 28 – 30 September, 2003. Association of Architecture Schools of Australasia.
    The discussion about relations between research and design has a number of strands, and presumably motivations. Putting aside the question whether or not design or “creative endeavour” should be counted as research, for reasons to do with institutional recognition or reward, the question remains how, if at all, is design research? This question is unlikely to have attracted much interest but for matters external to Architecture within the modern university. But Architecture as a discipline now needs to understand research much (...)
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  38. The Ambiguity of the Categorical Imperative.Paul Bamford - 1979 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (2):135-141.
  39.  4
    Just How Cognitive Is Emotion? The Continuing Importance of the Philosophy of Emotion in Enhancement Ethics.Rebecca Bamford - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (1):18-19.
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  40.  4
    The Sword Motif 'N Matthew 10:34.David C. Sim - 2000 - Hts Theological Studies 56 (1).
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  41.  29
    The State, Teachers and Citizenship Education in Singapore Schools.Jasmine B.-Y. Sim & Murray Print - 2009 - British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (4):380-399.
    States commonly employ education policy to build a strong sense of citizenship within young people and to create types of citizens appropriate to the country. In Singapore the government created a policy to build citizenship through both policy statements and social studies in the school curriculum. In the context of a tightly controlled state regulating schooling through a highly controlled educational system, the government expected teachers to obey these policy documents, political statements and the prescribed curriculum. What do teachers understand (...)
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  42.  57
    Rethinking Virtue Ethics and Social Justice with Aristotle and Confucius.May Sim - 2010 - Asian Philosophy 20 (2):195-213.
    Comparing Aristotle's and Confucius' ethics, where each represents an ethics of virtue, I show that they are not susceptible to some of the frequent charges against them when compared to non-virtue ethical theories like utilitarianism and deontology. These charges are that virtue ethics: (1) lack universal laws; they cannot (a) provide content for actions, and (b) they do not consider actions in the evaluation of morality. (2) Virtue ethics cannot provide the resources for dealing with social justice and human rights (...)
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  43.  3
    Shake It Baby, but Only When Needed: Preschoolers Adapt Their Exploratory Strategies to the Information Structure of the Task.Azzurra Ruggeri, Nora Swaboda, Zi Lin Sim & Alison Gopnik - 2019 - Cognition 193:104013.
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  44.  6
    Before the Law: The Complete Text of Préjugés.Stuart Sim - forthcoming - Contemporary Political Theory:1-4.
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  45.  7
    Confucian Thinking in Singapore’s Citizenship Education.Jasmine B.-Y. Sim & Lee Tat Chow - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (4):465-482.
    ABSTRACTTeachers in Asia are often perceived to occupy passive roles as citizens, subject to collectivist goals which take precedence over the interests of the individual. This assessment typically stems from a liberal-democratic perspective, which prioritises the individual as autonomous and self-responsible. While many endeavours have been undertaken by scholars outside education research to debunk the simplistic understanding of Asian thinking as passive, there remains a lack of attention to the distinctive features of Asian cultures and thought within the field of (...)
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  46.  5
    Matthew’s Anti-Paulinism: A Neglected Feature of Matthean Studies.David C. Sim - 2002 - Hts Theological Studies 58 (2).
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  47.  5
    Effects of Non-Verbal Priming on Attachment-Style Activation.Suhyung Sim, Ji-eun Shin & Young Woo Sohn - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  48.  19
    Harmony and the Mean in theNicomachean Ethics and theZhongyong.May Sim - 2004 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 3 (2):253-280.
  49.  5
    Experimentation, Curiosity, and Forgetting.Rebecca Bamford - 2019 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 50 (1):11-32.
    Bernard Reginster has argued that in "Nietzsche's terminology, 'experimentation [Versuch]' is a paradigmatic exercise of curiosity."1 According to Reginster, the kind of curiosity in question, as far as Nietzsche's concept of the free spirit is concerned, is not the state of knowing or of being certain of the truth of some proposition, but is rather a matter of the activity or process of truth seeking and of inquiry.2 My own view is very similar: I have argued that experimentalism is a (...)
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  50.  21
    Cultural Diversity, Families, and Research Subjects.Rebecca Bamford - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):33-34.
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