Results for 'Simon A. Levin'

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  1. Punishment sustains large-scale cooperation in prestate warfare.Robert Boyd & Simon A. Levin - unknown
    Understanding cooperation and punishment in small-scale societies is crucial for explaining the origins of human cooperation. We studied warfare among the Turkana, a politically uncentralized, egalitarian, nomadic pastoral society in East Africa. Based on a representative sample of 88 recent raids, we show that the Turkana sustain costly cooperation in combat at a remarkably large scale, at least in part, through punishment of free-riders. Raiding parties comprised several hundred warriors and participants are not kin or day-to-day interactants. Warriors incur substantial (...)
     
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  2.  1
    Interacting with others while reacting to the environment.Ilan Fischer, Simon A. Levin, Daniel I. Rubenstein, Shacked Avrashi, Lior Givon & Tomer Oz - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    Here, we revise Pietraszewski's model of groups by assigning participant pairs with two triplets, denoting: the type of game that models the interaction, its critical switching point between alternatives, and the perception of strategic similarity with the opponent. These triplets provide a set of primitives that accounts for individuals' strategic motivations and observed behaviors.
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  3.  16
    Fragile Dominion: Complexity and the Commons By Simon Levin[REVIEW]Amitrajeet A. Batabyal - 2001 - Agriculture and Human Values 18 (2):239-240.
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  4.  41
    Induced failures of visual awareness.Daniel J. Simons & Ronald A. Rensink - 2003 - Journal of Vision 2 (3).
    Research over the past half century has produced extensive evidence that observers cannot report or retain all of the details of their visual world from one moment to the next. During the past decade, a new set of studies has illustrated just how pervasive these limits are. For example, early evidence for the failure to detect changes to simple dot patterns (Phillips, 1974) and arrays of letters (Pashler, 1988) generalizes to more naturalistic displays such as photographs and motion pictures (e.g., (...)
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  5.  36
    Dissociation of Processes Underlying Spatial S-R Compatibility: Evidence for the Independent Influence of What and Where.Jeffrey P. Toth, Brian Levine, Donald T. Stuss, Alfred Oh, Gordon Winocur & Nachshon Meiran - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (4):483-501.
    The process-dissociation procedure was used to estimate the influence of spatial and form-based processing in the Simon task. Subjects made manual responses to the direction of arrows . The results provide evidence that the form and spatial location of a single stimulus can have functionally independent effects on performance. They also indicate the existence of two kinds of automaticity—an associative component that reflects prior S-R mappings and a nonassociative component that reflects the correspondence between stimulus and response codes.
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  6.  43
    False predictions about the detectability of visual changes: The role of beliefs about attention, memory, and the continuity of attended objects in causing change blindness blindness.Daniel T. Levin, Sarah B. Drivdahl, Nausheen Momen & Melissa R. Beck - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):507-527.
    Recently, a number of experiments have emphasized the degree to which subjects fail to detect large changes in visual scenes. This finding, referred to as “change blindness,” is often considered surprising because many people have the intuition that such changes should be easy to detect. Levin, Momen, Drivdahl, and Simons documented this intuition by showing that the majority of subjects believe they would notice changes that are actually very rarely detected. Thus subjects exhibit a metacognitive error we refer to (...)
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  7.  6
    Inverse kinematic problem: Solutions by pseudoinversion, inversion and no-inversion.Simon R. Goodman - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):756-758.
    Kinematic properties of reaching movements reflect constraints imposed on the joint angles. Contemporary models present solutions to the redundancy problem by a pseudoinverse procedure or without any inversion. Feldman & Levin suggest a procedure based on a regular inversion. These procedures are considered as an outcome of a more general approach.
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  8.  13
    Varieties of ecological dialectics.Thomas W. Simon - 1990 - Environmental Ethics 12 (3):211-231.
    A hierarchical ordering of approaches afflicts environmental thinking. An ethics of individualism unjustly overrides social/political philosophy in environmental debates. Dialectics helps correct this imbalance. In dialectical fashion, a synthesis emerges between conflicting approaches to dialectics and to nature from: Marxism (Levins and Lewontin), anarchism (Bookchin), and Native Americanism (Black Elk). Conflicting (according to Marxists) and cooperative (according to anarchists) forces both operate in nature. Ethics (anarchist), political theory (Marxist), and spirituality (Native American) constitute the interconnected interpretative domains of a dialectically (...)
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  9.  75
    J.S. Mill on Civilization and Barbarism.Michael Levin - 2004 - Frank Cass.
    John Stuart Mill's best-known work is On Liberty. In it he declared that Western society was in danger of coming to a standstill. This was an extraordinarily pessimistic claim in view of Britain's global dominance at the time and one that has been insufficiently investigated in the secondary literature. The wanting model was that of China, a once advanced civilization that had apparently ossified. To understand how Mill came to this conclusion requires one to investigate his notion of the stages (...)
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  10. On Heidegger's Being and Time.Steven Levine (ed.) - 2008 - Routledge.
    _On Heidegger's Being and Time_ is an outstanding exploration of Heidegger's most important work by two major philosophers. Simon Critchley argues that we must see _Being and Time_ as a radicalization of Husserl's phenomenology, particularly his theories of intentionality, categorial intuition, and the phenomenological concept of the a priori. This leads to a reappraisal and defense of Heidegger's conception of phenomenology. In contrast, Reiner Schürmann urges us to read Heidegger 'backward', arguing that his later work is the key to (...)
     
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  11.  14
    A Systematic Review Into the Psychological Causes and Correlates of Plagiarism.Simon A. Moss, Barbara White & Jim Lee - 2018 - Ethics and Behavior 28 (4):261-283.
    Interventions that are designed to stem plagiarism do not always override the motivation of individuals to cheat and, therefore, may not diminish misconduct. To inform more effective approaches, we conducted a systematic review to clarify the psychological causes of plagiarism. This review of 83 empirical papers showed that a specific blend of circumstances may foster plagiarism: an emphasis on competition and success rather than development and cooperation coupled with impaired resilience, limited confidence, impulsive tendencies, and biased cognitions. Fortunately, whenever students (...)
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  12. How to Be a Green Liberal: Nature, Value and Liberal Philosophy.Simon A. Hailwood - 2003 - Routledge.
    It is often claimed by environmental philosophers and green political theorists that liberalism, the dominant tradition of western political philosophy, is too focused on the interests of human individuals to give due weight to the environment for its own sake. In "How to be a Green Liberal", Simon Hailwood challenges this view and argues that liberalism can embrace a genuinely 'green', non-instrumental view of nature. The book's central claim is that nature's 'otherness', its being constituted of independent entities and (...)
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  13.  1
    How to Be a Green Liberal: Nature, Value and Liberal Philosophy.Simon A. Hailwood (ed.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    It is often claimed by environmental philosophers and green political theorists that liberalism, the dominant tradition of western political philosophy, is too focused on the interests of human individuals to give due weight to the environment for its own sake. In "How to be a Green Liberal", Simon Hailwood challenges this view and argues that liberalism can embrace a genuinely 'green', non-instrumental view of nature. The book's central claim is that nature's 'otherness', its being constituted of independent entities and (...)
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  14.  2
    L. A. Levin. Some theorems on the algorithmic approach to probability theory and information theory (1971 Dissertation directed by A. N. Kolmogorov). Annals of Pure and Applied Logic, vol. 162 (2010), pp. 224–235. [REVIEW]Jan Reimann - 2013 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 19 (3):397-399.
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  15.  4
    Alienation and Nature in Environmental Philosophy.Simon A. Hailwood - 2015 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Many environmental scientists, scholars and activists characterise our situation as one of alienation from nature, but this notion can easily seem meaningless or irrational. In this book, Simon Hailwood critically analyses the idea of alienation from nature and argues that it can be a useful notion when understood pluralistically. He distinguishes different senses of alienation from nature pertaining to different environmental contexts and concerns, and draws upon a range of philosophical and environmental ideas and themes including pragmatism, eco-phenomenology, climate (...)
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  16.  7
    FDA revises informed consent regulations for emergency research.A. Menasche & R. J. Levine - 1995 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 17 (5-6):19.
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  17. A. Levine, The Politics of Autonomy. A Kantian Reading of Rousseau's Social Contract.J. Kopper - 1978 - Kant Studien 69 (1):116.
  18.  16
    Democratic education and the curriculum safety-net: A tantalising illusion?Simon A. Longstaff - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 23 (1):93–102.
  19.  3
    Towards a liberal environment?Simon A. Hailwood - 1999 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (3):271–281.
  20.  19
    Encomium for Robert A. LeVine.Richard A. Shweder - 1999 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 27 (2):235-244.
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  21.  25
    Dream Concepts of Hausa Children: A Critique of the "Doctrine of Invariant Sequence" in Cognitive Development.Richard A. Shweder & Robert A. Levine - 1975 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 3 (2):209-230.
  22.  13
    Exploring Nozick: Beyond Anarchy, State and Utopia.Simon A. Hailwood - 1996
    This book examines the general liberal aspiration of neutrality whilst moving discussion of Nozick's moral and political philosophy on from Anarchy, State and Utopia. Using neutralism as a unifying theme it connects his views on ethics, value and pluralism with the earlier libertarianism, combining an up to date critique of Nosick with a fresh view of neutrality.
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  23.  39
    Applying a Universal Content and Structure of Values in Construction Management.Grant R. Mills, Simon A. Austin, Derek S. Thomson & Hannah Devine-Wright - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (4):473-501.
    There has recently been a reappraisal of value in UK construction and calls from a wide range of influential individuals, professional institutions and government bodies for the industry to exceed stakeholders’ expectations and develop integrated teams that can deliver world class products and services. As such value is certainly topical, but the importance of values as a separate but related concept is less well understood. Most construction firms have well-defined and well-articulated values, expressed in annual reports and on websites; however, (...)
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  24.  33
    Why "business's nastier friends" should not be libertarians.Simon A. Hailwood - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 24 (1):77 - 86.
    In this paper I address the issue of how far libertarianism can serve as the theoretical framework for a political morality excluding serious obligations to the needy. This issue has been raised recently by Gillian Brock who argues that even those adopting a thoroughgoing libertarianism, such as that of Robert Nozick, must recognise significant obligations to the needy as a condition of claiming exclusive property rights. I argue that Brock fails to demonstrate this. After briefly describing Brock's main argument I (...)
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  25.  14
    Leo Simons. A reduction in the number of independent axiom schemata for S4. Notre Dame journal of formal logic, vol. 3 , pp. 256–258. - Bolesław Sobociński. An axiom-system for {K; N}-propositional calculus related to Simons' axiomatization of S3.Notre Dame journal of formal logic, vol. 3 , pp. 206–208. [REVIEW]Naoto Yonemitsu - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (2):245.
  26.  34
    Individual differences in imagery and the psychophysiology of emotion.Gregory A. Miller, Daniel N. Levin, Michael J. Kozak, Edwin W. Cook, Alvin McLean & Peter J. Lang - 1987 - Cognition and Emotion 1 (4):367-390.
  27.  79
    Positing numerosities may be metaphysically extravagant; positing representation of numerosities is not.Simon A. B. Brown - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    Clarke and Beck assume that approximate number system representations should be assigned referents from our scientific ontology. However, many representations, both in perception and cognition, do not straightforwardly refer to such entities. If we reject Clarke and Beck's assumption, many possible contents for ANS representations besides number are compatible with the evidence Clarke and Beck cite.
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  28.  6
    Inter‐temporal rationality without temporal representation.Simon A. B. Brown - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
    Recent influential accounts of temporal representation—the use of mental representations with explicit temporal contents, such as before and after relations and durations—sharply distinguish representation from mere sensitivity. A common, important picture of inter-temporal rationality is that it consists in maximizing total expected discounted utility across time. By analyzing reinforcement learning algorithms, this article shows that, given such notions of temporal representation and inter-temporal rationality, it would be possible for an agent to achieve inter-temporal rationality without temporal representation. It then explores (...)
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  29.  19
    Support for ethical dilemmas in individual cases: experiences from the Neu-Mariahilf hospital in Goettingen.A. Simon - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (suppl 1):18-20.
    Prompted by a recommendation of the two Christian hospital associations in Germany, the Neu-Mariahilf Hospital in Goettingen set up a health ethics committee in autumn 1998. It is the committee's task to give support to staff members, patients and their relatives in individual cases where ethical dilemmas arise. The following article descibes the committee's work by means of three cases.
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  30. La nonciature Fornari à Bruxelles (1838-1842).A. Simon - 1954 - Revue D’Histoire Ecclésiastique 49:462-506.
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  31.  1
    La Dama y El Humanista: Doña Mencía de Mendoza y Juan Luis Vives Entre Flandes y Valencia.Simon A. Vosters - 2007 - Nausícaä Edición.
  32.  13
    Individual and State in Ancient China.Vitaly A. Rubin & Steven I. Levine - 1977 - Philosophy East and West 27 (2):231-231.
  33.  16
    A unique look at face processing: the impact of masked faces on the processing of facial features.Mark A. Williams, Simon A. Moss & John L. Bradshaw - 2004 - Cognition 91 (2):155-172.
  34. Effective family planning programs.Rodolfo A. Bulatao, Ann Levin, Eduardo R. Bos, Cynthia Green, N. N. Sarkar, R. Bromley, K. Tones, T. Byrd, K. Enge & M. Favin - 1993 - Journal of Biosocial Science 25 (1):45-9.
     
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  35. Reprobation as Shared Inquiry: Teaching the Liberal Arts in Prison.Joshua A. Miller & Daniel Harold Levine - 2015 - Radical Philosophy Review 18 (2):287-308.
    Respect for victims requires that we have social systems for punishing and condemning (reproving) serious crimes. But, the conditions of social marginalization and political subordination of the communities from which an overwhelming number of prisoners in the United States come place serious barriers in the face of effective reprobation. Mass incarceration makes this problem worse by disrupting and disrespecting entire communities. While humanities education in the prisons is far from a total solution, it is one way to make reprobation meaningful, (...)
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  36. Simon A. Hailwood, Exploring Nozick: Beyond Anarchy, State and Utopia Reviewed by.Wes Cooper - 1997 - Philosophy in Review 17 (6):416-418.
     
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  37.  13
    SIMON A. COLE, Suspect Identities: A History of Fingerprinting and Criminal Identification. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 2001. Pp. 369. ISBN 0-674-00455-8. £23·95. [REVIEW]Chandak Sengoopta - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Science 35 (1):97-123.
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  38.  31
    Simone de Beauvoir: A Critical Introduction. By Edward Fullbrook and Kate Fullbrook. New York: Polity Press/Blackwell, 1998.Margaret A. Simons - 1998 - Hypatia 14 (4):183-186.
  39.  3
    Is Suffering Good?Douglas A. Wigginton, Carol Levine & Richard B. Gunderman - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (4):7.
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  40. Jemolo . L'Église et l'État en Italie du Risorgimento à nos jours. [REVIEW]A. Simon - 1961 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 39 (3):917-920.
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  41. Lebas . L'Union des Catholiques et des Libéraux de 1839 à 1847. Étude sur les pouvoirs exécutif et législatif. [REVIEW]A. Simon - 1961 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 39 (3):911-917.
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  42. Leflon Pie VII. T. I, Des Abbayes bénédictines à la Papauté. [REVIEW]A. Simon - 1960 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 38 (1):147-150.
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  43. Manning . De Betekenis van C. R. A. Van Bommel voor de Noordelijke Nederlanden. [REVIEW]A. Simon - 1957 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 35 (3-4):908-911.
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  44. Martin . La Nonciature de Paris et les affaires ecclésiastiques de France sous le règne de Louis-Philippe . Contribution à l'histoire de la Diplomatie pontificale du XIXe siècle d'après les correspondances diplomatiques et divers documents inédits des Archives secrètes Vaticanes. Préface de M. François Charles-Roux, de l'Institut. [REVIEW]A. Simon - 1951 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 29 (2-3):618-620.
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  45. Rennard. . Histoire religieuse des Antilles françaises des origines à 1914, d'après des documents inédits. [REVIEW]A. Simon - 1956 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 34 (2):538-539.
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  46.  6
    Simon A. Gilson. Medieval Optics and Theories of Light in the Works of Dante. xiv + 301 pp., app., bibl., indexes.Lewiston, N.Y./Queenston, Ont.: Edwin Mellen Press, 2000. $99.95. [REVIEW]William Egginton - 2002 - Isis 93 (1):108-109.
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  47. Children's understanding of most is dependent on context.Michelle A. Hurst & Susan C. Levine - 2022 - Cognition 225 (C):105149.
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  48.  7
    Lawrence Frank. Victorian Detective Fiction and the Nature of Evidence: The Scientific Investigations of Poe, Dickens, and Doyle. x + 249 pp., index. New York: Palgrave, 2004. $69.95. [REVIEW]Simon A. Cole - 2004 - Isis 95 (3):510-511.
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  49.  8
    Individual differences in imagery and the psychophysiology of emotion.Gregory A. Miller, Daniel N. Levin, Michael J. Kozak, Edwin W. Cook Iii, Alvin McLean Jr & Peter J. Lang - 1987 - Cognition and Emotion 1 (4):367-390.
  50.  33
    Reprobation as Shared Inquiry.Joshua A. Miller & Daniel Harold Levine - 2015 - Radical Philosophy Review 18 (2):287-308.
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