Results for 'Simon D���Alfonso'

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  1.  5
    Digital Phenotyping: an Epistemic and Methodological Analysis.Simon Coghlan & Simon D’Alfonso - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):1905-1928.
    Some claim that digital phenotyping will revolutionize understanding of human psychology and experience and significantly promote human wellbeing. This paper investigates the nature of digital phenotyping in relation to its alleged promise. Unlike most of the literature to date on philosophy and digital phenotyping, which has focused on its ethical aspects, this paper focuses on its epistemic and methodological aspects. The paper advances a tetra-taxonomy involving four scenario types in which knowledge may be acquired from human “digitypes” by digital phenotyping. (...)
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  2. On Quantifying Semantic Information.Simon D'Alfonso - 2011 - Information 2 (1):61-101.
    The purpose of this paper is to look at some existing methods of semantic information quantification and suggest some alternatives. It begins with an outline of Bar-Hillel and Carnap’s theory of semantic information before going on to look at Floridi’s theory of strongly semantic information. The latter then serves to initiate an in-depth investigation into the idea of utilising the notion of truthlikeness to quantify semantic information. Firstly, a couple of approaches to measure truthlikeness are drawn from the literature and (...)
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  3. The Logic of Knowledge and the Flow of Information.Simon D’Alfonso - 2014 - Minds and Machines 24 (3):307-325.
    In this paper I look at Fred Dretske’s account of information and knowledge as developed in Knowledge and The Flow of Information. In particular, I translate Dretske’s probabilistic definition of information to a modal logical framework and subsequently use this to explicate the conception of information and its flow which is central to his account, including the notions of channel conditions and relevant alternatives. Some key products of this task are an analysis of the issue of information closure and an (...)
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  4.  29
    Truthlikeness and the Lottery Paradox Via the Preface Paradox.Simon D'Alfonso - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (2):391-397.
    In a 2017 AJP paper, Cevolani and Schurz propose a novel solution to the Preface Paradox that appeals to the notion of expected truthlikeness. This discussion note extends and analyses their approach by applying it to the related Lottery Paradox.
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  5.  68
    Belief Merging with the Aim of Truthlikeness.Simon D’Alfonso - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7):2013-2034.
    The merging/fusion of belief/data collections in propositional logic form is a topic that has received due attention within the domains of database and AI research. A distinction can be made between two types of scenarios to which the process of merging can be applied. In the first type, the collections represent preferences, such as the voting choices of a group of people, that need to be aggregated so as to give a consistent result that in some way best represents the (...)
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  6. Supplementing Belief Revision for The Aim of Truthlikeness.Simon D'Alfonso - 2011 - The Reasoner 5 (9):143-144.
  7.  84
    Explicating a Standard Externalist Argument Against the KK Principle.Simon D'Alfonso - 2013 - Logos and Episteme (4):399-406.
    The KK principle is typically rejected in externalist accounts of knowledge. However, a standard general argument for this rejection is in need of a supportive explication. In a recent paper, Samir Okasha argues that the standard externalist argument in question is fallacious. In this paper I start off with some critical discussion of Okasha’s analysis before suggesting an alternative way in which an externalist might successfully present such a case. I then further explore this issue via a look at how (...)
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  8.  37
    Review of "Information: A Very Short Introduction". [REVIEW]Simon D’Alfonso - 2010 - Essays in Philosophy 11 (2):238-243.
  9.  24
    Michael G. Titelbaum , Quitting Certainties . Reviewed By.Simon D.’Alfonso - 2014 - Philosophy in Review 34 (1-2):34-36.
  10.  14
    Weathering the Infostorm: Vincent F. Hendricks and Pelle G. Hansen: Infostorms: How to Take Information Punches and Save Democracy. Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, and London: Springer, 2014, 148pp, $19.99 PB.Simon D’Alfonso - 2015 - Metascience 24 (3):441-444.
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  11.  6
    Recommender Systems for Mental Health Apps: Advantages and Ethical Challenges.Lee Valentine, Simon D’Alfonso & Reeva Lederman - forthcoming - AI and Society.
    Recommender systems assist users in receiving preferred or relevant services and information. Using such technology could be instrumental in addressing the lack of relevance digital mental health apps have to the user, a leading cause of low engagement. However, the use of recommender systems for digital mental health apps, particularly those driven by personal data and artificial intelligence, presents a range of ethical considerations. This paper focuses on considerations particular to the juncture of recommender systems and digital mental health technologies. (...)
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  12. Johann Gottlieb Fichte, I fatti della coscienza 1810/11, a cura di MV d'Alfonso.Simone Furlani - 2009 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 64 (2):429.
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  13.  15
    Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Neurophysiology, Adaptive DBS, Virtual Reality, Neuroethics and Technology.Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, James Giordano, Aysegul Gunduz, Jose Alcantara, Jackson N. Cagle, Stephanie Cernera, Parker Difuntorum, Robert S. Eisinger, Julieth Gomez, Sarah Long, Brandon Parks, Joshua K. Wong, Shannon Chiu, Bhavana Patel, Warren M. Grill, Harrison C. Walker, Simon J. Little, Ro’ee Gilron, Gerd Tinkhauser, Wesley Thevathasan, Nicholas C. Sinclair, Andres M. Lozano, Thomas Foltynie, Alfonso Fasano, Sameer A. Sheth, Katherine Scangos, Terence D. Sanger, Jonathan Miller, Audrey C. Brumback, Priya Rajasethupathy, Cameron McIntyre, Leslie Schlachter, Nanthia Suthana, Cynthia Kubu, Lauren R. Sankary, Karen Herrera-Ferrá, Steven Goetz, Binith Cheeran, G. Karl Steinke, Christopher Hess, Leonardo Almeida, Wissam Deeb, Kelly D. Foote & Okun Michael S. - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  14.  14
    Joseph D'Alfonso 1905-1988.Erma M. D'Alfonso - 1990 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 63 (5):54 -.
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  15.  16
    Kierkegaard and the Self Before God: Anatomy of the Abyss.Simon D. Podmore - 2011 - Indiana University Press.
    Simon D. Podmore claims that becoming a self before God is both a divine gift and an anxious obligation. Before we can know God, or ourselves, we must come to a moment of recognition. How this comes to be, as well as the terms of such acknowledgment, are worked out in Podmore’s powerful new reading of Kierkegaard. As he gives full consideration to Kierkegaard's writings, Podmore explores themes such as despair, anxiety, melancholy, and spiritual trial, and how they are (...)
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  16. Authenticity and Self‐Knowledge.Simon D. Feldman & Allan Hazlett - 2013 - Dialectica 67 (2):157-181.
    We argue that the value of authenticity does not explain the value of self-knowledge. There are a plurality of species of authenticity; in this paper we consider four species: avoiding pretense (section 2), Frankfurtian wholeheartedness (section 3), existential self-knowledge (section 4), and spontaneity (section 5). Our thesis is that, for each of these species, the value of (that species of) authenticity does not (partially) explain the value of self-knowledge. Moreover, when it comes to spontaneity, the value of (that species of) (...)
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  17. The Square of Opposition and Generalized Quantifiers.Duilio D'Alfonso - 2012 - In J.-Y. Beziau & Dale Jacquette (eds.), Around and Beyond the Square of Opposition. Birkhäuser. pp. 219--227.
    In this paper I propose a set-theoretical interpretation of the logical square of opposition, in the perspective opened by generalized quantifier theory. Generalized quantifiers allow us to account for the semantics of quantificational Noun Phrases, and of other natural language expressions, in a coherent and uniform way. I suggest that in the analysis of the meaning of Noun Phrases and Determiners the square of opposition may help representing some semantic features responsible to different logical properties of these expressions. I will (...)
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  18.  59
    Kant’s Mathematical Sublime and the Role of the Infinite: Reply to Crowther.Simon D. Smith - 2015 - Kantian Review 20 (1):99-120.
    This paper offers an analysis of Kant’s account of the mathematical sublime with reference to his claim that ‘Nature is thus sublime in those of its appearances the intuition of which brings with them the idea of its infinity’. In undertaking this analysis I challenge Paul Crowther’s interpretation of this species of aesthetic experience, and I reject his interpretation as not being reflective of Kant’s actual position. I go on to show that the experience of the mathematical sublime is necessarily (...)
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  19. Fitting Inconsistency and Reasonable Irresolution.Simon D. Feldman & Allan Hazlett - forthcoming - In Dimitria Gatzia & Berit Brogaard (eds.), The Philosophy and Psychology of Ambivalence: Being of Two Minds. Routledge.
    The badness of having conflicting emotions is a familiar theme in academic ethics, clinical psychology, and commercial self-help, where emotional harmony is often put forward as an ideal. Many philosophers give emotional harmony pride of place in their theories of practical reason.1 Here we offer a defense of a particular species of emotional conflict, namely, ambivalence. We articulate an conception of ambivalence, on which ambivalence is unresolved inconsistent desire (§1) and present a case of appropriate ambivalence (§2), before considering two (...)
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  20.  13
    F. D’Alfonso: Stesicoro e la performance: Studio sulle modalità esecutive dei carmi stesicorei. Pp. 180. Rome: Gruppo Editoriale Internazionale, 1994. Paper. ISBN: 88-8011-055-1. [REVIEW]Ian Rutherford - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (2):555-556.
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  21.  22
    F. D'Alfonso: Stesicoro e la performance: Studio sulle modalità esecutive dei carmi stesicorei . (Filologia e critica, 74.) Pp. 180. Rome: Gruppo Editoriale Internazionale, 1994. Paper. ISBN: 88-8011-055-. [REVIEW]Ian Rutherford - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (02):555-.
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  22. What's Bad About Bad Faith?Simon D. Feldman & Allan Hazlett - 2013 - European Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):50-73.
    : Contemporary common sense holds that authenticity is an ethical ideal: that there is something bad about inauthenticity, and something good about authenticity. Here we criticize the view that authenticity is bad because it detracts from the wellbeing of the inauthentic person, and propose an alternative moral account of the badness of inauthenticity, based on the idea that inauthentic behaviour is potentially misleading.
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  23.  22
    The Holy & Wholly Other: Kierkegaard on the Alterity of God.Simon D. Podmore - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (1):9-23.
    In response to prevailing perceptions, I contend that Søren Kierkegaard (1813–55) conceives of the wholly otherness of God via his dialectical category of the ‘infinite qualitative difference’ between the human and the divine, initially through the self's consciousness of sin and ultimately through the self's acceptance of the gift of forgiveness. Therefore, I claim that while the common designation of Kierkegaard's God as ‘Wholly Other’ may initially evoke the alterity of sin; it is not ultimately sufficient to describe the divine (...)
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  24.  7
    La genesi dello spazio semantico nella tarda filosofia di Fichte.Matteo V. D'Alfonso - 2014 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 69 (4):763-782.
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  25.  27
    The Natural Environment as a Salient Stakeholder: Non-Anthropocentrism, Ecosystem Stability and the Financial Markets.Simon D. Norton - 2007 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 16 (4):387–402.
    The current debate as to whether the natural environment should be accorded stakeholder status involves an assumption that it is in some way ‘different’ from other stakeholders, requiring favourable discriminatory treatment. Essentially it is regarded as passive, requiring regulatory agencies to represent its interests or the wider public to demand its protection on the occasion of, for example, oil spills that leave wildlife in a visibly distressed state. But the natural environment does not have ‘consciousness’ as do traditional classes of (...)
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  26.  9
    The Natural Environment as a Salient Stakeholder: Non-Anthropocentrism, Ecosystem Stability and the Financial Markets.Simon D. Norton - 2007 - Business Ethics: A European Review 16 (4):387-402.
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  27.  16
    The Bit‐Economy: An Artificial Model of Open‐Ended Technology Discovery.Simon D. Angus & Andrew Newnham - 2013 - Complexity 18 (5):57-67.
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  28.  70
    Matteo Vincenzo d’Alfonso: Schopenhauers Kollegnachschriften der Metaphysik- und Psychologievorlesungen G. E. Schulzes. [REVIEW]Nele Schneidereit - 2012 - Fichte-Studien 40:347-360.
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  29.  18
    The Lightning and the Earthquake: Kierkegaard on the Anfechtung of Luther.Simon D. Podmore - 2006 - Heythrop Journal 47 (4):562–578.
    By focusing discussion through Søren Kierkegaard's view of Martin Luther's initiation into the monastery , it is suggested that an analogy can be discerned for Kierkegaard's own sense of divine vocation and the ensuing self‐mortification of melancholy and religious scrupulosity which commentators have suspected in both figures. Kierkegaard's often ambivalent critique of Luther's Anfechtung is thus read as bearing ironic significance for his own struggles with ‘spiritual trial’ [Anfægtelse]. In this reading, Luther's Anfechtung is taken to signify for Kierkegaard both (...)
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  30. Trilogy.D. G. M. Simon - 1988
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  31. Mereological Nihilism: Keeping It Simple.Simon D. Thunder - 2017 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 6 (4):278-287.
    (Mereological) nihilism states that there are no composite objects—there are only sub-atomic particles such as quarks. Nihilism’s biggest rival, (mereological) universalism, posits vast numbers of composite objects in addition to the sub-atomic particles, and so nihilism appears to be the more ontologically parsimonious of the two theories. If this is the case, it’s a significant result for the nihilist: ontological parsimony is almost always thought to be a theoretical virtue, so a nihilist victory in the parsimony stakes gives us a (...)
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  32. Fichtes Bildtheorie Im Kontext, Teil Ii: Besondere Systematische Funktionen des Bildbegriffs.Christian Klotz & Matteo Vincenzo D'Alfonso (eds.) - 2020 - Brill | Rodopi.
    This volume examines Fichte's notion of the image in the systematic domains of ethics, philosophy of history, political philosophy, philosophy of language, aesthetics, and the philosophy of religion. Der vorliegende Band untersucht Fichtes bildtheoretisches Denken von der Theorie der Einbildungskraft bis in die systematischen Bereiche der Ethik, der Geschichtsphilosophie, der politischen Philosophie, der Sprachphilosophie, der Kunsttheorie und der Religionsphilosophie.
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  33.  49
    W. Glenn Kirkconnell Kierkegaard on Ethics and Religion: From Either/Or to Philosophical Fragments. . Pp. 192. £65.00 . ISBN 978 1 8470 6078 5. [REVIEW]Simon D. Podmore - 2009 - Religious Studies 45 (4):509.
  34.  16
    What's Bad About Bad Faith?Allan Hazlett Simon D. Feldman - 2013 - European Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):50-73.
    : Contemporary common sense holds that authenticity is an ethical ideal: that there is something bad about inauthenticity, and something good about authenticity. Here we criticize the view that authenticity is bad because it detracts from the wellbeing of the inauthentic person, and propose an alternative moral account of the badness of inauthenticity, based on the idea that inauthentic behaviour is potentially misleading.
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  35. A Selection of Greek Elegy and Iambus - (W.) Allan (Ed.) Greek Elegy and Iambus. A Selection. Pp. XVI + 254, Map. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. Paper, £23.99, Us$31.99 (Cased, £74.99, Us$99.99). Isbn: 978-1-107-55997-4 (978-1-107-12299-4 Hbk). [REVIEW]Francesca D'Alfonso - forthcoming - The Classical Review:1-3.
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  36. ""Chemical Anthropology of Jakob Moleschott (with the Unpublished" Einleitung" to" Anthropology").Matteo Vincenzo D'Alfonso - 2011 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 7 (3):599 - +.
     
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  37. Fichtes Bildtheorie Im Kontext, Teil I: Entwicklungsgeschichtliche Und Systematische Aspekte.Matteo Vincenzo D'Alfonso & Christian Klotz (eds.) - 2019 - Brill | Rodopi.
    The present volume collects contributions which contextualize Fichte’s theory of image in various respects, focusing on its relation to pre-modern theories of image, its changing role in the development of Fichte’s thinking and its place within Fichte’s foundation of philosophy in the area between theory of truth or validity and ontology. Der vorliegende Band versammelt Beiträge, die Fichtes Bildtheorie in verschiedenen Hinsichten kontextualisieren, wobei ihr Verhältnis zu prä-modernen Bildtheorien, ihre wechselnde Rolle in der Entwicklung von Fichtes Denken und ihre im (...)
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  38. Fichte Und Seine Zeit: Kontext, Konfrontationen, Rezeptionen.Matteo Vincenzo D'Alfonso, Carla De Pascale, Erich Fuchs & Marco Ivaldo (eds.) - 2016 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Die Absicht des vorliegenden Buches ist es, das Geflecht der unterschiedlichen Fragestellungen, die mit dem Stichwort „Fichte und seine Zeit“ verbunden sind, in Betracht zu ziehen und ihre internen Zusammenhänge und ihre Geschlossenheit deutlich zu machen. The intention of this book is to take the network of different issues that are associated with the main theme " Fichte and his time" into consideration and make their internal relationships and their closeness significantly.
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  39. Fichte Und Seine Zeit: Streitfragen.Matteo Vincenzo D'Alfonso, Carla De Pascale, Erich Fuchs & Marco Ivaldo (eds.) - 2017 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Mit dem Untertitel »Streitfragen« bringt dieser Band 44 der Fichte-Studien eine Gruppe von Beiträgen, die das Hauptthema »Fichte und seine Zeit« behandeln und es aus unterschiedlichen Gesichtspunkten entfalten.
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  40. Johann Gottlieb fichte alla luce della recente storiografia.Matteo Vincenzo D'alfonso, Marco Ivaldo, Faustino Fabbianelli, Erich Fuchs, Gaetano Rametta & Alessandro Bertinetto - 2002 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 57 (3):381-511.
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  41. L'antropologia chimica di Jakob Moleschott (con l'inedita "Einleitung" alla Antropologia).Matteo V. D'Alfonso - 2011 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 7 (3):599-660.
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  42. Lezioni di psicologia normale.N. D'alfonso - 1893 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 35:334-334.
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  43. MIT Fichte Philosophieren: Perspektiven Seiner Philosophie Nach 200 Jahren.Matteo D'Alfonso (ed.) - 2018 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Dieser Band ist in vier Teile gegliedert, die dem theoretischen, praktischen und politischen Gedanken des Philosophen gewidmet sind. Diesen folgen im vierten Teil Beiträge, die Fichtes philosophische Ansätze in den Dialog mit gegenwärtigen Autoren und Fragen der Philosophie bringen.
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  44.  28
    On the Cognitive, Ethical, and Scientific Dimensions of Artificial Intelligence.Matteo Vincenzo D'Alfonso & Don Berkich (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
  45. Some Metaphysical Implications of the Category of Potentiality.Joseph[from old catalog] D'Alfonso - 1942 - [Boston].
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  46. The New Elaboration of Fichte's System in His Early Years in Berlin: The'Dottrina Della Scienza'of 1804.M. V. D'Alfonso - 2002 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 57 (3):445-459.
     
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  47. Georges Bataille: The Sacred and Society.Simon D. Trub - 2017 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 48 (1):94-97.
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  48. "By Way of an Introduction: Francesco Moiso and His Interpretation of Fichte's" Philosophy of Light".M. V. D'Alfonso - 2002 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 57 (3):381-397.
     
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  49.  24
    Concepts of Power in Kierkegaard and Nietzsche. By J. Keith Hyde. Pp. Xiv, 235, Farnham, Ashgate, 2010, £50.00. [REVIEW]Simon D. Podmore - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (1):167-167.
  50.  19
    Schopenhauer als Schüler Fichtes.Matteo Vincenzo D’Alfonso - 2006 - Fichte-Studien 30:201-211.
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