Results for 'Simon J. Haines'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  5
    Differences in Time-Based Task Characteristics Help to Explain the Age-Prospective Memory Paradox.Simon J. Haines, Susan E. Randall, Gill Terrett, Lucy Busija, Gemma Tatangelo, Skye N. McLennan, Nathan S. Rose, Matthias Kliegel, Julie D. Henry & Peter G. Rendell - 2020 - Cognition 202:104305.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  20
    Making Objects and Events: A Hylomorphic Theory of Artifacts, Actions, and Organisms.Simon J. Evnine - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Simon J. Evnine explores the view that some objects have matter from which they are distinct but that this distinctness is not due to the existence of anything like a form. He draws on Aristotle's insight that such objects must be understood in terms of an account that links what they are essentially with how they come to exist and what their functions are. Artifacts are the most prominent kind of objects where these three features coincide, and Evnine develops (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  3. Ready-Mades: Ontology and Aesthetics.Simon J. Evnine - 2013 - British Journal of Aesthetics 53 (4):407-423.
    I explore the interrelations between the ontological and aesthetic issues raised by ready-mades such as Duchamp’s Fountain. I outline a hylomorphic metaphysics which has two central features. First, hylomorphically complex objects have matter to which they are not identical. Secondly, when such objects are artefacts (including artworks), it is essential to them that they are the products of creative work on their matter. Against this background, I suggest that ready-mades are of aesthetic interest because they pose a dilemma. Is there (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  4. Believing Conjunctions.Simon J. Evnine - 1999 - Synthese 118 (2):201-227.
    I argue that it is rational for a person to believe the conjunction of her beliefs. This involves responding to the Lottery and Preface Paradoxes. In addition, I suggest that in normal circumstances, what it is to believe a conjunction just is to believe its conjuncts.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   48 citations  
  5. The Anonymity of a Murmur: Internet Memes.Simon J. Evnine - 2018 - British Journal of Aesthetics 58 (3):303-318.
    Memes, of the kind found often on the internet, are an increasingly significant medium of expressive activity. I develop a theory of their ontological nature and, in parallel, an analysis of the concept meme. On my view, memes are abstract artifacts made out of norms for production of instances. The norms say things like ‘use a certain image; add text of a certain kind; the text should be delivered in two chunks, one at the top of the image, one at (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  6.  45
    Epistemic Dimensions of Personhood.Simon J. Evnine - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Simon Evnine examines various epistemic aspects of what it is to be a person. Persons are defined as finite beings that have beliefs, including second-order beliefs about their own and others' beliefs, and are agents, capable of making long-term plans. It is argued that for any being meeting these conditions, a number of epistemic consequences obtain. First, all such beings must have certain logical concepts and be able to use them in certain ways. Secondly, there are at least two (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  7. Constitution and Qua Objects in the Ontology of Music.Simon J. Evnine - 2009 - British Journal of Aesthetics 49 (3):203-217.
    Musical Platonists identify musical works with abstract sound structures but this implies that they are not created but only discovered. Jerrold Levinson adapts Platonism to allow for creation by identifying musical works with indicated sound structures. In this paper I explore the similarities between Levinson's view and Kit Fine's theory of qua objects. Fine offers the theory of qua objects as an account of constitution, as it obtains, for example, between a statue and the clay the statue is made out (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  8. “But Is It Science Fiction?”: Science Fiction and a Theory of Genre.Simon J. Evnine - 2015 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 39 (1):1-28.
    If science fiction is a genre, then attempts to think about the nature of science fiction will be affected by one’s understanding of what genres are. I shall examine two approaches to genre, one dominant but inadequate, the other better, but only occasionally making itself seen. I shall then discuss several important, interrelated issues, focusing particularly on science fiction : what it is for a work to belong to a genre, the semantics of genre names, the validity of attempts to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  9. Constitution and Composition: Three Approaches to Their Relation.Simon J. Evnine - 2011 - ProtoSociology 27:212-235.
    Constitution is the relation between something and what it is made of. Composition is the relation between something and its parts. I examine three different approaches to the relation between constitution and composition. One approach, associated with neo-Aristotelians like Mark Johnston and Kathrin Koslicki, identifies constitution with composition. A second, popular with those sympathetic to classical mereology such as Judith Thomson, defines constitution in terms of parthood. A third, advocated strongly by Lynne Baker, takes constitution to be somehow inconsistent with (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  10.  34
    Reactions Toward the Source of Stimulation.J. Richard Simon - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):174.
  11.  29
    : Working Memory, Inhibitory Control and the Development of Children's Reasoning.Simon J. Handley, A. Capon, M. Beveridge, I. Dennis & J. St B. T. Evans - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):175-195.
  12. The Universality of Logic: On the Connection Between Rationality and Logical Ability.Simon J. Evnine - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):335-367.
    I argue for the thesis (UL) that there are certain logical abilities that any rational creature must have. Opposition to UL comes from naturalized epistemologists who hold that it is a purely empirical question which logical abilities a rational creature has. I provide arguments that any creatures meeting certain conditions—plausible necessary conditions on rationality—must have certain specific logical concepts and be able to use them in certain specific ways. For example, I argue that any creature able to grasp theories must (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  13.  14
    Population Size and the Rate of Language Evolution: A Test Across Indo-European, Austronesian, and Bantu Languages.Simon J. Greenhill, Xia Hua, Caela F. Welsh, Hilde Schneemann & Lindell Bromham - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  14.  84
    Learning From One's Mistakes: Epistemic Modesty and the Nature of Belief.Simon J. Evnine - 2001 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 82 (2):157–177.
    I argue that it is not ideally rational to believe that some of one's current beliefs are false, despite the impressive inductive evidence concerning others and our former selves. One's own current beliefs represent a commitment which would be undermined by taking some of them to be false. The nature of this commitment is examined in the light of Nagel's distinction between subjective and objective points of view. Finally, I suggest how we might acknowledge our fallibility consistently with this special (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  15. Personhood and Future Belief: Two Arguments for Something Like Reflection.Simon J. Evnine - 2007 - Erkenntnis 67 (1):91-110.
    This paper offers two new arguments for a version of Reflection, the principle that says, roughly, that if one knew now what one would believe in the future, one ought to believe it now. The most prominent existing argument for the principle is the coherence-based Dutch Strategy argument advanced by Bas van Fraassen (and others). My two arguments are quite different. The first is a truth-based argument. On the basis of two substantive premises, that people’s beliefs generally get better over (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  16.  92
    Overlapping Memory Replay During Sleep Builds Cognitive Schemata.Penelope A. Lewis & Simon J. Durrant - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (8):343-351.
    Sleep enhances integration across multiple stimuli, abstraction of general rules, insight into hidden solutions and false memory formation. Newly learned information is better assimilated if compatible with an existing cognitive framework or schema. This article proposes a mechanism by which the reactivation of newly learned memories during sleep could actively underpin both schema formation and the addition of new knowledge to existing schemata. Under this model, the overlapping replay of related memories selectively strengthens shared elements. Repeated reactivation of memories in (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  17. Essentially Contested Concepts and Semantic Externalism.Simon J. Evnine - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 8 (1):118-140.
    In 1956, W.B. Gallie introduced his idea of essentially contested concepts. In my paper, I offer a novel interpretation of his theory and argue that his theory, thus interpreted, is correct. The key to my interpretation lies in a condition Gallie places on essentially contested concepts that other interpreters downplay or dismiss: that the use of an essentially contested concept must be derived “from an original exemplar whose authority is acknowledged by all the contestant users of the concept.” This reveals (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  14
    Bodily Dys-Order: Desire, Excess and the Transgression of Corporeal Boundaries.Simon J. Williams - 1998 - Body and Society 4 (2):59-82.
    Taking as its point of departure Leder's phenomenological discussion of the `absent' body, this article explores the nature of human corporeality as a site of transgression. The body, I argue, using a process metaphysic, is first and foremost excessive, driven by human desire rather than animal need: a sensual mode of existence organized around the pleasure/pain axis. To be excessive/transgressive, however, implies the crossing of boundaries or limits which vary according to history and culture, time and place. These issues are (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  19.  70
    Epistemic Unities.Simon J. Evnine - 2003 - Erkenntnis 59 (3):365 - 388.
    I bring together social ontology and social epistemology by consideringsocial entities (``epistemic unities'') that are constituted by the holdingof epistemic relations between their members. In particular, I focus onthe relation of taking someone as an expert. Among the types of structuresexamined are ones with a single expert and one or more non-experts whomay or may not know of each other's situation; and ones with more thanone expert, including cases in which the relation between the experts ishierarchical and cases in which (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  20.  83
    Containing Multitudes: Reflection, Expertise and Persons as Groups.Simon J. Evnine - 2005 - Episteme 2 (1):57-64.
    The thesis of the paper is that persons are similar to a kind of group: multiple-expert epistemic unities (MEUs). MEUs are groups in which there are multiple experts on whom other members of the group model their opinion. An example would be a group of children playing Telephone. Any child nearer the source is an 'expert' for any child further away. I argue that, with certain important qualifications, it is both rational and necessary for persons to treat their future selves (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  21.  58
    Can Evolutionary Psychology Learn From the Instinct Debate?Simon J. Hampton - 2006 - History of the Human Sciences 19 (4):57-74.
    The concept of instinct espoused in psychology in the early 20th century and the contemporary concept of psychological adaptation invite comparison. Definitions of both employ the notions of inheritance, selection, functional specificity, and species typicality. This article examines how psychologists before the rise of behaviourism sought to establish instinct as a psychological phenomenon. One of the consequences of doing so was a decoupling of psychological and physiological forms of instinct. This led to a failure of constraint in the usage of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  22.  11
    The Vicissitudes of Embodiment Across the Chronic Illness Trajectory.Simon J. Williams - 1996 - Body and Society 2 (2):23-47.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  23.  38
    Stakeholder Salience Revisited: Refining, Redefining, and Refueling an Underdeveloped Conceptual Tool. [REVIEW]Benjamin A. Neville, Simon J. Bell & Gregory J. Whitwell - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (3):357-378.
    This article revisits and further develops Mitchell et al.’s (Acad Manag Rev 22(4):853–886, 1997 ) theory of stakeholder identification and salience. Stakeholder salience holds considerable unrealized potential for understanding how organizations may best manage multiple stakeholder relationships. While the salience framework has been cited numerous times, attempts to develop it further have been relatively limited. We begin by reviewing the key contributions of other researchers. We then identify and seek to resolve three residual weaknesses in Mitchell et al.’s ( 1997 (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  24.  68
    Understanding Madness?Simon J. Evnine - 1989 - Ratio 2 (1):1-18.
    The paper contrasts two ways of understanding the apparently strange assertions of mad persons, finds them both problematic, and proposes an alternative. The first approach, exemplified by R.D. Laing, is to suppose that the beliefs of the mad person are ordinary but expressed in terms that make them appear irrational. The other approach, advocated by Silvano Arieti, is to take the words at face value but to attribute to the mad person a kind of deviant logic. I suggest, on the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  25.  56
    Supposition and Representation in Human Reasoning.Simon J. Handley & Jonathan StB. T. Evans - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):273-311.
    We report the results of three experiments designed to assess the role of suppositions in human reasoning. Theories of reasoning based on formal rules propose that the ability to make suppositions is central to deductive reasoning. Our first experiment compared two types of problem that could be solved by a suppositional strategy. Our results showed no difference in difficulty between problems requiring affirmative or negative suppositions and very low logical solution rates throughout. Further analysis of the error data showed a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  26.  22
    Adaptations for Nothing in Particular.Simon J. Hampton - 2004 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (1):35–53.
    An element of the contemporary dispute amongst evolution minded psychologists and social scientists hinges on the conception of mind as being adapted as opposed to adaptive. This dispute is not trivial. The possibility that human minds are both adapted and adaptive courtesy of selection pressures that were social in nature is of particular interest to a putative evolutionary social psychology. I suggest that the notion of an evolved psychological adaptation in social psychology can be retained only if it is accepted (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  27.  29
    In a Secular Spirit: Strategies of Clinical Pastoral Education.Simon J. Craddock Lee - 2002 - Health Care Analysis 10 (4):339-356.
    The Clinical Pastoral Education model forthe provision of spiritual care represents theemergence of a secularized professionalpractice from a religiously-based theologicalpractice of chaplaincy. The transformation ofhospital chaplaincy into “spiritual careservices” is one means by which religioushealthcare ministry negotiates modernity, inthe particular forms of the secular realm ofbiomedicine and the pluralism of thecontemporary United States healthcaremarketplace. “Spiritual” is a labelstrategically deployed to extend the realm ofrelevance to any patient's “belief system,”regardless of his or her religious affiliation.“Theological” language is recast as a tool (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  28.  18
    Auditory S-R Compatibility: Reaction Time as a Function of Ear-Hand Correspondence and Ear-Response-Location Correspondence.J. Richard Simon, James V. Hinrichs & John L. Craft - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):97.
  29.  5
    Simon J. Knell, The Culture of English Geology, 1815–1851: A Science Revealed Through its Collecting. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000. Pp. Xxi+377. ISBN 1-84014-625-7. £59·50. [REVIEW]Samuel Alberti - 2001 - British Journal for the History of Science 34 (4):453-481.
  30. Kinds and Conscious Experience: Is There Anything That It is Like to Be Something?Simon J. Evnine - 2008 - Metaphilosophy 39 (2):185–202.
    In this article I distinguish the notion of there being something it is like to be a certain kind of creature from that of there being something it is like to have a certain kind of experience. Work on consciousness has typically dealt with the latter while employing the language of the former. I propose several ways of analyzing what it is like to be a certain kind of creature and find problems with them all. The upshot is that even (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31.  16
    Afterimage Watercolors: An Exploration of Contour-Based Afterimage Filling-In.Simon J. Hazenberg & Rob van Lier - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  2
    The Historicity of Artifacts: Use and Counter-Use.Simon J. Evnine - 2022 - Metaphysics 5 (1):1-13.
    Inspired by Sara Ahmed’s notion of ‘queer use,’ I present and extend a neo-Aristotelian theory of artifacts to capture what I call ‘counter-use.’ The theory of artifacts is based on the idea that what they are, how they come to be, and what their functions are cannot be understood independently from each other. They come to exist when a maker imposes the concept of their substantial kind onto some matter by working on the matter to make an artifact of that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. The London Lighthouse.Simon J. Mansfield - forthcoming - Journal of Palliative Care.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Simon J. Gathercole, The Preexistent Son: Recovering the Christologies of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.Matthew Levering - 2009 - The Thomist 73 (2):313.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  14
    Legitimate and Ethical: Distinguishing When and How Regulations Apply in Patient-Oriented Research.Simon J. Craddock Lee, Jasmin A. Tiro, Wendy Pechero Bishop, P. Diane Sheppard & Celette Sugg Skinner - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (11):42-43.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 11, Page 42-43, November 2011.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36. Revelation.Simon J. Kistemaker - 2001
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. A Body Undressed for Text: Trilby in Parts.Simon J. James & Emma V. Miller - 2016 - Feminist Theory 17 (1):83-105.
    George Du Maurier’s best-selling novel, Trilby, is as important because of its defiance of social and cultural norms as it is for its apparent compliance with them. Trilby is a fiction that, like its eponymous heroine, attempts to negotiate the perilously fine line between the highbrow and the lowbrow, or to put it another way, between fine art and political commentary on one side, and pornography and sensationalism on the other. This article examines the way that Du Maurier engages his (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  14
    Building with Re-Used Material. Frey Spolia in Fortifications and the Common Builder in Late Antiquity. Pp. XII + 222, Ills, Maps. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2016. Cased, €93, Us$120. Isbn: 978-90-04-28800-3. [REVIEW]Simon J. Barker - 2018 - The Classical Review 68 (1):245-247.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  48
    Critical Notice: Thomas Sattig’s The Double Lives of Objects: An Essay in the Metaphysics of the Ordinary World, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.Simon J. Evnine - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (1):142-157.
    This critical notice describes some of Thomas Sattig’s book The Double Lives of Objects: An Essay in the Metaphysics of the Ordinary World and raises several critical issues about it.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  32
    The Pleasures and Perils of Darwinizing Culture (with Phylogenies).Russell D. Gray, Simon J. Greenhill & Robert M. Ross - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (4):360-375.
    Current debates about “Darwinizing culture” have typically focused on the validity of memetics. In this article we argue that meme-like inheritance is not a necessary requirement for descent with modification. We suggest that an alternative and more productive way of Darwinizing culture can be found in the application of phylogenetic methods. We review recent work on cultural phylogenetics and outline six fundamental questions that can be answered using the power and precision of quantitative phylogenetic methods. However, cultural evolution, like biological (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  41.  23
    Effects of an Irrelevant Auditory Stimulus on Visual Choice Reaction Time.J. Richard Simon & John L. Craft - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):272.
  42.  21
    “Aha!” is Stronger When Preceded by a “Huh?”: Presentation of a Solution Affects Ratings of Aha Experience Conditional on Accuracy.Margaret E. Webb, Simon J. Cropper & Daniel R. Little - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (3):324-364.
    Insight has been investigated under the assumption that participants solve insight problems with insight processes and/or experiences. A recent trend has involved presenting participants with the solution and analysing the resultant experience as if insight has taken place. We examined self-reports of the aha experience, a defining aspect of insight, before and after feedback, along with additional affective components of insight. Classic insight problems, compound remote associates, and non-insight problems were randomly interleaved and presented to participants. Solution feedback increased ratings (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  43.  1
    Nicholas of Cusa and the Making of the Early Modern World.Simon J. G. Burton, Joshua Hollmann & Eric M. Parker (eds.) - 2019 - Brill.
    The authors focus on four major thematic areas – the reform of church, the reform of theology, the reform of perspective, and the reform of method – which together encompasses the breadth and depth of Cusanus’ own reform initiatives.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  73
    Processing Symbolic Information From a Visual Display: Interference From an Irrelevant Directional Cue.John L. Craft & J. Richard Simon - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):415.
  45. Where Is Boasting? Early Jewish Soteriology and Paul's Response In Romans 1–5.Simon J. Gathercole - 2002
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  25
    Temporal Synchrony and the Speed of Visual Processing.Simon J. Thorpe - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):473-474.
  47.  19
    The Risks of Race in Addressing Health Disparities.Simon J. Craddock Lee - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (4):c3-c3.
  48.  6
    Mathematics and Reality. [REVIEW]Simon J. Prokhovnik - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (2):189 - 194.
  49. How Parallel is Visual Processing in the Ventral Pathway?Guillaume A. Rousselet, Simon J. Thorpe & Michèle Fabre-Thorpe - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (8):363-370.
  50.  6
    Measuring Health Status? A Review of the Sickness Impact and Functional Limitations Profiles.Simon J. Williams - 1996 - Health Care Analysis 4 (4):273-283.
    Recent years have witnessed a growing interest in the measurement of health status. One of the most well-known health status instruments is the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP). This paper examines the nature, development and testing of the SIP (and its UK equivalent the FLP). The practical merits of these instruments are explained, and some cautionary remarks are offered about their limitations.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000