78 found
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  1. Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life.Steven Shapin & Simon Schaffer - 1985 - Princeton University Press.
    In a new introduction, the authors describe how science and its social context were understood when this book was first published, and how the study of the history of science has changed since then.
  2.  32
    The Uses of Experiment: Studies in the Natural Sciences.David Gooding, Trevor Pinch & Simon Schaffer - 1989 - Cambridge University Press. Edited by David Gooding, Trevor Pinch & Simon Schaffer.
    Contributors; Preface; Introduction; Part I. Instruments in Experiments: 1. Scientific instruments: models of brass and aids to discovery; 2. Glass works: Newton’s prisms and the uses of experiment; 3. A viol of water or a wedge of glass; Part II. Experiment and Argument: 4. Galileo’s experimental discourse; 5. Fresnel, Poisson and the white spot: the role of successful predictions in the acceptance of scientific theories; 6. The rhetoric of experiment; Part III. Representing and Realising: 7. ’Magnetic curves’ and the magnetic (...)
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  3. Astronomers Mark Time: Discipline and the Personal Equation.Simon Schaffer - 1988 - Science in Context 2 (1):115-145.
    The ArgumentIt is often assumed that all sciences travel the path of increasing precision and quantification. It is also assumed that such processes transcend the boundaries of rival scientific disciplines. The history of the personal equation has been cited as an example: the “personal equation” was the name given by astronomers after Bessel to the differences in measured transit times recorded by observers in the same situation. Later in the nineteenth century Wilhelm Wundt used this phenomenon as a type for (...)
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  4.  42
    Natural Philosophy and Public Spectacle in the Eighteenth Century.Simon Schaffer - 1983 - History of Science 21 (1):1-43.
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  5. The Uses of Experiment.David Gooding, Trevor Pinch & Simon Schaffer - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (1):99-109.
  6.  32
    Seriality and Scientific objects in the Nineteenth Century.Nick Hopwood, Simon Schaffer & Jim Secord - 2010 - History of Science 48 (3-4):251-285.
    Nick Hopwood, Simon Schaffer and Jim Secord , “Seriality and scientific objects in the nineteenth century”, History of Science, xlviii . Series represent much that was new and significant in the sciences between the French Revolution and the First World War. From periodical publication to the cinema, tabulation to industrialized screening, series feature in major innovations in scientific communication and the organization of laboratories, clinics, libraries, museums and field - XIXe siècle – Nouvel article.
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  7.  20
    Easily Cracked: Scientific Instruments in States of Disrepair.Simon Schaffer - 2011 - Isis 102 (4):706-717.
    There has been much scholarly attention to definitions of the term “scientific instrument.” Rather more mundane work by makers, curators, and users is devoted to instruments' maintenance and repair. A familiar argument holds that when a tool breaks, its character and recalcitrance become evident. Much can be gained from historical study of instruments' breakages, defects, and recuperation. Maintenance and repair technologies have been a vital aspect of relations between makers and other users. Their history illuminates systems of instruction, support, and (...)
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  8.  71
    Godly Men and Mechanical Philosophers: Souls and Spirits in Restoration Natural Philosophy.Simon Schaffer - 1987 - Science in Context 1 (1):53-85.
    The ArgumentRecent historiography of the Scientific Revolution has challenged the assumption that the achievements of seventeenth-century natural philosophy can easily be described as the ‘mechanization of the world-picture.’ That assumption licensed a story which took mechanization as self-evidently progressive and so in no need of further historical analysis. The clock-work world was triumphant and inevitably so. However, a close examination of one key group of natural philosophers working in England during the 1670s shows that their program necessarily incorporated souls and (...)
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  9.  58
    The pasteurization of France.Simon Schaffer - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (1):174-192.
  10.  26
    Easily Cracked: Scientific Instruments in States of Disrepair.Simon Schaffer - 2011 - Isis 102 (4):706-717.
  11.  49
    Babbage's Intelligence: Calculating Engines and the Factory System.Simon Schaffer - 1994 - Critical Inquiry 21 (1):203-227.
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  12.  48
    Self Evidence.Simon Schaffer - 1992 - Critical Inquiry 18 (2):327-362.
    There seems to be an important historical connexion between changes in the concept of evidence and that of the person capable of giving evidence. Michel Foucault urged that during the classical age the relationship between evidence and the person was reversed: scholasticism derived statements’ authority from that of their authors, while scientists now hold that matters of fact are the most impersonal of statements.1 In a similar vein, Ian Hacking defines a kind of evidence which ‘consists in one thing pointing (...)
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  13.  25
    Seriality and scientific objects in the nineteenth century.Nick Hopwood, Simon Schaffer & Jim Secord - forthcoming - Rhuthmos.
    Nick Hopwood, Simon Schaffer and Jim Secord, “Seriality and scientific objects in the nineteenth century”, History of Science, xlviii. Series represent much that was new and significant in the sciences between the French Revolution and the First World War. From periodical publication to the cinema, tabulation to industrialized screening, series feature in major innovations in scientific communication and the organization of laboratories, clinics, libraries, museums and field - XIXe siècle – Nouvel article.
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  14.  75
    Newton on the beach: The information order of Principia mathematica.Simon Schaffer - 2009 - History of Science 47 (3):243-276.
  15. Newton at the crossroads.Simon Schaffer - 1984 - Radical Philosophy 37:23-28.
     
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  16.  21
    William Whewell: A Composite Portrait.Menachem Fisch & Simon Schaffer (eds.) - 1991 - New York: Clarendon Press.
    William Whewell was a giant of Victorian intellectual culture. His influence, whether recognized or forgotten, is palpable in areas as diverse as moral philosophy, mineralogy, architecture, the politics of education, physics, engineering, and theology. Recent studies of the place of the sciences in nineteenth-century Britain have repeatedly indicated the significance of Whewell's sweeping and critical proposals for a reformed account of scientific knowledge and moral values. However, until now there has been no detailed study of the context and impact of (...)
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  17.  20
    Orientations and Disorientations in the History of Science How Measures Made a Difference at the Imperial Meridian.Simon Schaffer - 2022 - Centaurus 64 (4):829-856.
    Historians of the sciences have paid great attention to the ways that faith in what has been called the quantitative spirit emerged as a dominant feature of the politics of science, a theme of obvious salience in current epidemiological and climate crises. There are instructive connexions between measurement practices and orientation towards other cultures—as though scientific modernity somehow appeared through the primacy of robust quantification over subaltern, past, and exotic worlds, where merely provisional judgment allegedly still operated. This highly simplistic (...)
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  18.  32
    Herschel in Bedlam: Natural History and Stellar Astronomy.Simon Schaffer - 1980 - British Journal for the History of Science 13 (3):211-239.
    In his comprehensive survey of the work of William Herschel, published in the Annuaire du Bureau des Longitudes for 1842, Dominique Arago argued that the life of the great astronomer ‘had the rare privilege of forming an epoch in an extended branch of astronomy’. Arago also noted, however, that Herschel's ideas were often taken as ‘the conceptions of a madman’, even if they were subsequently accepted. This fact, commented Arago, ‘seems to me one that deserves to appear in the history (...)
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  19.  29
    Priestley's questions: An historiographic survey.Simon Schaffer - 1984 - History of Science 22 (2):151-183.
  20.  27
    Swedenborg's Lunars.Simon Schaffer - 2014 - Annals of Science 71 (1):2-26.
    SummaryThe celebrated Swedish natural philosopher and visionary theologian Emanuel Swedenborg (1688–1772) devoted major efforts to the establishment of a reliable method for the determination of longitude at sea. He first formulated a method, based on the astronomical observation of lunar position, while in London in 1710–12. He issued various versions of the method, both in Latin and in Swedish, throughout his career. In 1766, at the age of 78, he presented his scheme for judgment by the Board of Longitude in (...)
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  21.  37
    Where experiments end: Tabletop trials in Victorian astronomy.Simon Schaffer - 1995 - In Jed Z. Buchwald (ed.), Scientific practice: theories and stories of doing physics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 257--99.
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  22.  10
    The Sciences in Enlightened Europe.William Clark, Jan Golinski & Simon Schaffer - 1999 - University of Chicago Press.
    Radically reorienting our understanding of the Enlightenment, this book explores the complex relations between "englightened" values and the making of scientific knowledge. Here monsters and automata, barometers and botanical gardens, polite academics and boisterous clubs, plans for violent wars and for universal peace, are all relocated in the landscape of enlightened Europe. The contributors show how changing forms of discipline, machinery, and instrumentation affected the emergence of new kinds of knowledge; consider how institutions of public rate taste and conversation helped (...)
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  23.  15
    Experimenters' Techniques, Dyers' Hands, and the Electric Planetarium.Simon Schaffer - 1997 - Isis 88:456-483.
  24.  36
    The show that never ends: perpetual motion in the early eighteenth century.Simon Schaffer - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Science 28 (2):157-189.
    During high summer 1721, while rioters and bankrupts gathered outside Parliament, Robert Walpole's new ministry forced through a bill to clear up the wreckage left by the stock-market crash, the South Sea Bubble, and the visionary projects swept away when it burst. In early August the President of the Royal Society Isaac Newton, a major investor in South Sea stock, and the Society's projectors, learned of a new commercial scheme promising apparently automatic profits, a project for a perpetual motion. Their (...)
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  25.  33
    Wallifaction: Thomas Hobbes on school divinity and experimental pneumatics.Simon Schaffer - 1988 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (3):275-298.
  26. A science whose business is bursting: Soap bubbles as commodities in classical physics.Simon Schaffer - 2004 - In Lorraine Daston (ed.), Things That Talk: Object Lessons From Art and Science. Mit Press [Distributor]. pp. 147--194.
  27.  12
    Aesthetics of Universal Knowledge.Pasquale Gagliardi, Simon Schaffer & John Tresch (eds.) - 2017 - Cham: Imprint: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Born out of a major international dialogue held at the Fondazione Giorgio Cini in Venice, Italy, this collection of essays presents innovative and provocative arguments about the claims of universal knowledge schemes and the different aesthetic and material forms in which such claims have been made and executed. Contributors take a close look at everything from religious pilgrimages, museums, and maps of the world, to search engines and automated GPS. Current obsessions in information technology, communications theory, and digital culture often (...)
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  28.  29
    Oriental Metrology and the Politics of Antiquity in Nineteenth-Century Survey Sciences.Simon Schaffer - 2017 - Science in Context 30 (2):173-212.
    ArgumentMetrological techniques to establish shared quantitative measures have often been seen as signs of rational modernization. The cases considered here show instead the close relation of such techniques with antiquarian and revivalist programs under imperial regimes. Enterprises in survey sciences in Egypt in the wake of the French invasion of 1798 and in India during the East India Company's revenue surveys involved the promotion of a new kind oforiental metrologydesigned to represent colonizers’ measures as restorations of ancient values to be (...)
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  29.  24
    Instruments and Cargo in the China Trade.Simon Schaffer - 2006 - History of Science 44 (2):217.
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  30. Seeing double: how to make up a phantom body politic.Simon Schaffer - 2005 - In Bruno Latour & Peter Weibel (eds.), Making Things Public. MIT Press.
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  31.  13
    Essay review: Certain philosophical questions: Newton's trinity notebook by je McGuire and Martin Tamny.Simon Schaffer - 1984 - History of Science 22 (1):93-97.
  32.  18
    On with the motley?Guy Freeland & Simon Schaffer - 2001 - Metascience 10 (3):371-385.
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  33. Astrophysics, anthropology, and other imperial pursuits.Simon Schaffer - 2007 - In Jeanette Edwards, Penelope Harvey & Peter Wade (eds.), Anthropology and Science: Epistemologies in Practice. Berg. pp. 43.
  34. Augustan realities: nature's representatives and their cultural resources in the early eighteenth century.Simon Schaffer - 1993 - In George Levine (ed.), Realism and Representation. University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 1714--279.
     
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  35.  30
    Enlightenment brought down to earth.Simon Schaffer - 2003 - History of Science 41 (3):257-268.
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  36.  7
    Essay Review: Newton's Undergraduate NotebookCertain Philosophical Questions: Newton's Trinity Notebook. McGuireJ. E. and TamnyMartin . Pp. xii + 519. £45.Simon Schaffer - 1984 - History of Science 22 (1):93-97.
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  37.  23
    Essay Review: The Newtonian Revolution Revisited: The Newtonian Revolution.Simon Schaffer - 1982 - History of Science 20 (2):140-144.
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  38.  34
    Essay Review: The Matter of Ether: Conceptions of Ether: Studies in the History of Ether Theories 1740–1900Conceptions of Ether: Studies in the History of Ether Theories 1740–1900. Ed. by CantorG. N. and HodgeM. J. S. . Pp. x + 351. £30.00.Simon Schaffer - 1982 - History of Science 20 (4):297-303.
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  39.  11
    Exact sciences and colonialism: southern India in 1900.Simon Schaffer - 2010 - In Moritz Epple & Claus Zittel (eds.), Science as cultural practice. Berlin: Akademie Verlag. pp. 121-140.
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  40.  27
    Exact sciences and colonialism: southern India in 1900.Simon Schaffer - 2010 - In Moritz Epple & Claus Zittel (eds.), Science as Cultural Practice: Vol. I: Cultures and Politics of Research From the Early Modern Period to the Age of Extremes. Berlin: Akademie Verlag. pp. 121-140.
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  41.  12
    Final Comment: Authors’ Response.Simon Schaffer & Steven Shapin - 2017 - Isis 108 (1):143-144.
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  42. Hiftory of Science.Simon Schaffer, On Whiggism, A. Rupert Hall & L. S. Jacyna - forthcoming - History of Science.
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  43.  13
    Introductory Note.Simon Schaffer - 1987 - Science in Context 1 (2):351-352.
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  44.  4
    La malle de NewtonLoup Verlet.Simon Schaffer - 1996 - Isis 87 (2):361-362.
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  45.  18
    Lovejoy's Series.Simon Schaffer - 2010 - History of Science 48 (3-4):483.
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  46.  17
    Mapping the Edges of the AbyssThe Dark Abyss of Time: The History of the Earth and the History of Nations from Hooke to VicoPaolo Rossi Lydia C. Cochrane.Simon Schaffer - 1986 - Isis 77 (2):320-323.
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  47. Newtonianism.Simon Schaffer - 1990 - In R. C. Olby, G. N. Cantor, J. R. R. Christie & M. J. S. Hodge (eds.), Companion to the History of Modern Science. Routledge. pp. 610--626.
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  48. Public experiments.Simon Schaffer - 2005 - In Bruno Latour & Peter Weibel (eds.), Making Things Public. MIT Press. pp. 298--307.
     
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  49.  72
    The astrological roots of mesmerism.Simon Schaffer - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (2):158-168.
    Franz Anton Mesmer’s 1766 thesis on the influence of the planets on the human body, in which he first publicly presented his account of the harmonic forces at work in the microcosm, was substantially copied from the London physician Richard Mead’s early eighteenth-century tract on solar and lunar effects on the body. The relation between the two texts poses intriguing problems for the historiography of medical astrology: Mesmer’s use of Mead has been taken as a sign of the Vienna physician’s (...)
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  50.  18
    The Body of Natural Philosophers in Restoration England.Simon Schaffer - 1998 - In Christopher Lawrence & Steven Shapin (eds.), Science Incarnate: Historical Embodiments of Natural Knowledge. University of Chicago Press. pp. 83.
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