Results for 'SimonJ Handley'

71 found
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  1.  9
    And Causal Claims.Aidan Feeney & SimonJ Handley - 2011 - In Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Sarah R. Beck (eds.), Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation. Oxford University Press. pp. 242.
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  2.  9
    Suppositions, Extensionality, and Conditionals: A Critique of the Mental Model Theory of Johnson-Laird and Byrne.Jonathan St B. T. Evans, David E. Over & Simon J. Handley - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (4):1040-1052.
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  3.  8
    When Can We Say ‘If’?Jonathan StB. T. Evans, Helen Neilens, Simon J. Handley & David E. Over - 2008 - Cognition 108 (1):100-116.
  4.  6
    Frequency Versus Probability Formats in Statistical Word Problems.Jonathan StB. T. Evans, Simon J. Handley, Nick Perham, David E. Over & Valerie A. Thompson - 2000 - Cognition 77 (3):197-213.
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  5.  14
    Fluency and Belief Bias in Deductive Reasoning: New Indices for Old Effects.Dries Trippas, Simon J. Handley & Michael F. Verde - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  6.  30
    Better but Still Biased: Analytic Cognitive Style and Belief Bias.Dries Trippas, Gordon Pennycook, Michael F. Verde & Simon J. Handley - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (4):431-445.
    Belief bias is the tendency for prior beliefs to influence people's deductive reasoning in two ways: through the application of a simple belief-heuristic and through the application of more effortful reasoning for unbelievable conclusions. Previous research indicates that cognitive ability is the primary determinant of the effect of beliefs on accuracy. In the current study, we show that the mere tendency to engage analytic reasoning is responsible for the effect of cognitive ability on motivated reasoning. The implications of this finding (...)
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  7.  19
    : Working Memory, Inhibitory Control and the Development of Children's Reasoning.Simon J. Handley, A. Capon, M. Beveridge, I. Dennis & J. St B. T. Evans - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):175-195.
  8.  7
    Reasoning From Suppositions.Ruth M. J. Byrne, Simon J. Handley & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1995 - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A 48 (4):915-944.
    Two experiments investigated inferences based on suppositions. In Experiment 1, the subjects decided whether suppositions about individuals' veracity were consistent with their assertions—for example, whether the supposition “Ann is telling the truth and Beth is telling a lie”, is consistent with the premises: “Ann asserts: I am telling the truth and Beth is telling the truth. Beth asserts: Ann is telling the truth”. It showed that these inferences are more difficult than ones based on factual premises: “Ann asserts: I live (...)
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  9.  44
    Supposition and Representation in Human Reasoning.Simon J. Handley & Jonathan StB. T. Evans - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):273-311.
    We report the results of three experiments designed to assess the role of suppositions in human reasoning. Theories of reasoning based on formal rules propose that the ability to make suppositions is central to deductive reasoning. Our first experiment compared two types of problem that could be solved by a suppositional strategy. Our results showed no difference in difficulty between problems requiring affirmative or negative suppositions and very low logical solution rates throughout. Further analysis of the error data showed a (...)
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  10.  46
    Working Memory and Reasoning: An Individual Differences Perspective.Alison Capon, Simon Handley & Ian Dennis - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):203 – 244.
    This article reports three experiments that investigated the relationship between working memory capacity and syllogistic and five-term series spatial inference. A series of complex and simple verbal and spatial working memory measures were employed. Correlational analyses showed that verbal and spatial working memory span tasks consistently predicted syllogistic and spatial reasoning performance. A confirmatory factor analysis showed that three factors best accounted for the data--a verbal, a spatial, and a general factor. Syllogistic reasoning performance loaded all three factors, whilst spatial (...)
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  11.  35
    Individual Differences in Strategies for Syllogistic Reasoning.Alison Bacon, Simon Handley & Stephen Newstead - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (2):133 – 168.
    Current theories of reasoning such as mental models or mental logic assume a universal cognitive mechanism that underlies human reasoning performance. However, there is evidence that this is not the case, for example, the work of Ford (1995), who found that some people adopted predominantly spatial and some verbal strategies in a syllogistic reasoning task. Using written and think-aloud protocols, the present study confirmed the existence of these individual differences. However, in sharp contrast to Ford, the present study found few (...)
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  12.  5
    Using Forced Choice to Test Belief Bias in Syllogistic Reasoning.Dries Trippas, Michael F. Verde & Simon J. Handley - 2014 - Cognition 133 (3):586-600.
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  13. Working Memory, Inhibitory Control and the Development of Children's Reasoning.Dr Simon J. Handley, A. Capon, M. Beveridge, I. Dennis & J. St BT Evans - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):175 – 195.
    The ability to reason independently from one's own goals or beliefs has long been recognised as a key characteristic of the development of formal operational thought. In this article we present the results of a study that examined the correlates of this ability in a group of 10-year-old children ( N = 61). Participants were presented with conditional and relational reasoning items, where the content was manipulated such that the conclusion to the arguments were either congruent, neutral, or incongruent with (...)
     
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  14.  31
    Frequency Versus Probability Formats in Statistical Word Problems.Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Simon J. Handley, Nick Perham, David E. Over & Valerie A. Thompson - 2000 - Cognition 77 (3):197-213.
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  15.  14
    Alleviating the Concerns with the SDT Approach to Reasoning: Reply to Singmann and Kellen.Dries Trippas, Michael F. Verde & Simon J. Handley - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  16.  15
    The Logic Sense: Exploring the Role of Executive Functioning in Belief and Logic-Based Judgments.Stephanie Howarth, Simon Handley & Clare Walsh - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (4):416-448.
    The Default Interventionist account suggests that by default, we often generate belief-based responses when reasoning and find it difficult to draw the logical inference. Recent research, h...
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  17.  12
    “The Most Photographed Barn in America”: Simulacra of the Sublime in American Art and Photography.David Allen & Agata Handley - 2018 - Text Matters - a Journal of Literature, Theory and Culture 8 (8):365-385.
    In White Noise by Don DeLillo, two characters visit a famous barn, described as the “most photographed barn in America” alongside hordes of picture-taking tourists. One of them complains the barn has become a simulacrum, so that “no one sees” the actual barn anymore. This implies that there was once a real barn, which has been lost in the “virtual” image. This is in line with Plato’s concept of the simulacrum as a false or “corrupt” copy, which has lost all (...)
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  18.  65
    Effects of Training and Instruction on Analytic and Belief-Based Reasoning Processes.Helen L. Neilens, Simon J. Handley & Stephen E. Newstead - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):37 – 68.
    Two studies are reported which demonstrate that analytic responding on everyday reasoning problems can be increased and bias eliminated after training on the law of large numbers. Critical thinking problems involving belief-consistent, neutral, and inconsistent conclusions were presented. Belief bias was eliminated when a written justification of argument strength was elicited. However, belief-based responding was still evident when evaluations of the arguments were elicited using rating scales. This finding demonstrates a dissociation between analytic and belief-based responding as a function of (...)
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  19.  29
    Autism and Performance on the Suppression Task: Reasoning, Context and Complexity.Rebecca McKenzie, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Simon J. Handley - 2011 - Thinking and Reasoning 17 (2):182 - 196.
  20.  31
    Effects of Training and Instruction on Analytic and Belief-Based Reasoning Processes.Stephen E. Newstead, Simon J. Handley & Helen L. Neilens - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):37-68.
    Two studies are reported which demonstrate that analytic responding on everyday reasoning problems can be increased and bias eliminated after training on the law of large numbers. Critical thinking problems involving belief-consistent, neutral, and inconsistent conclusions were presented. Belief bias was eliminated when a written justification of argument strength was elicited. However, belief-based responding was still evident when evaluations of the arguments were elicited using rating scales. This finding demonstrates a dissociation between analytic and belief-based responding as a function of (...)
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  21.  3
    Downey, R., Gasarch, W. And Moses, M., The Structure.S. D. Friedman, W. G. Handley, S. S. Wainer, A. Joyal, I. Moerdijk, L. Newelski, F. van Engelen & J. van Oosten - 1994 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 70 (1):287.
  22.  14
    “Being Human”: Edward Bond’s Theories of Drama.Agata Handley & David Allen - 2017 - Text Matters - a Journal of Literature, Theory and Culture 7 (7):307-329.
    The playwright Edward Bond has recalled the impact of seeing photographs of Nazi atrocities at the end of World War Two: “It was the ground zero of the human soul.” He argues we need a different kind of drama, based in “a new interpretation of what it means to be human.” He has developed an extensive body of theoretical writings to set alongside his plays. Arguably, his own reflections on “what it means to be human” are based in his reaction (...)
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  23.  68
    Predicting the Difficulty of Complex Logical Reasoning Problems.Stephen E. Newstead, Peter Bradon, Simon J. Handley, Ian Dennis & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (1):62 – 90.
    The aim of the present research was to develop a difficulty model for logical reasoning problems involving complex ordered arrays used in the Graduate Record Examination. The approach used involved breaking down the problems into their basic cognitive elements such as the complexity of the rules used, the number of mental models required to represent the problem, and question type. Weightings for these different elements were derived from two experimental studies and from the reasoning literature. Based on these weights, difficulty (...)
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  24.  17
    Equational Derivation Vs. Computation.W. G. Handley & S. S. Wainer - 1994 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 70 (1):17-49.
    Subrecursive hierarchy classifications are used to compare the complexities of recursive functions according to their derivations in a version of Kleene's equation calculus, and their computations by term-rewriting. In each case ordinal bounds are assigned, and it turns out that the respective complexity measures are given by a version of the Fast Growing Hierarchy, and the Slow Growing Hierarchy. Known comparisons between the two hierarchies then provide ordinal trade-offs between derivation and computation. Characteristics of some well-known subrecursive classes are also (...)
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  25. Identifying and Defining Agency in a Political Context.Fiona Jl Handley & Tim Schadla-Hall - 2004 - In Andrew Gardner (ed.), Agency Uncovered: Archaeological Perspectives on Social Agency, Power, and Being Human. Ucl Press.
     
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  26.  10
    On Being Milton: Tony Harrison’s Liminal Voice.Agata G. Handley - 2016 - Text Matters - a Journal of Literature, Theory and Culture 6 (1):276-290.
    Tony Harrison’s poetry is rooted in the experience of a man who came out of the working class of Leeds and who, avowedly, became a poet and a stranger to his own community. As Harrison duly noted in one interview, from the moment he began his formal education at Leeds Grammar School, he has never felt fully at home in either the world of literature or the world of his working class background, preferring to continually transgress their boundaries and be (...)
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  27.  26
    Owls to Athens. [REVIEW]E. W. Handley - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (1):159-161.
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  28.  7
    Metapher und Allegorie. Studien zu Aristophanes. [REVIEW]E. W. Handley & H. -J. Newiger - 1959 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 79:166-167.
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  29.  3
    Developing Assessment Policy and Evaluating Practice: A Case Study of the Introduction of a New Marking Scheme.Fiona J. L. Handley & Ann Read - 2017 - Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education 21 (4):135-139.
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  30.  22
    Owls to Athens Elizabeth M. Craik (Ed.): 'Owls to Athens': Essays on Classical Subjects Presented to Sir Kenneth Dover. Pp. Xvi + 414; 1 Photo, 1 Cartoon, 19 Figs. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990. £50. [REVIEW]E. W. Handley - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (01):159-161.
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  31.  21
    Training to Break the Barriers of Habit in Reasoning About Unusual Faults.John Patrick, Leigh Grainger, Anna Gregov, Polly Halliday, Jim Handley, Nic James & Sinéad O'Reilly - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 5 (3):314.
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  32.  22
    The Latin Theatre Ettore Paratore: Storia del teatro latino. (Estratto dalla 'Storia del teatro' diretta da Mario Praz.) Pp. viii+288. Milan: Dr. Francesco Vallardi, 1957. Paper, L. 2,500. [REVIEW]E. W. Handley - 1959 - The Classical Review 9 (02):136-139.
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  33.  12
    Investigating Reasoning with Multiple Integrated Neuroscientific Methods.Matthew E. Roser, Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Nicolas A. McNair, Giorgio Fuggetta, Simon J. Handley, Lauren S. Carroll & Dries Trippas - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  34.  9
    Thompson Classical Novels. Leeds: The Author; Shrewsbury: The Association for the Reform of Latin Teaching. 1966. Pp. 23.4s. Post Free From the Author, Dept. Of Education, the University, Leeds or A.R.L.T., 52 Sutton Rd, Shrewsbury. [REVIEW]Carol Handley - 1968 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 88:266-266.
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  35.  14
    The Latin Theatre.E. W. Handley - 1959 - The Classical Review 9 (02):136-.
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  36.  5
    The Poet Inspired?Eric Handley - 1973 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 93:104-108.
  37.  7
    Deformities of Nature: Sleepwalking and Non-Conscious States of Mind in Late Eighteenth-Century Britain.Sasha Handley - 2017 - Journal of the History of Ideas 78 (3):401-425.
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  38.  7
    Menander. El Misàntropo: Δύσκολος. Ed. And Trans. D. C. De Pozzi. Buenos Aires: Editorial Universitaria. 1965. Pp. 144. Price Not Stated. [REVIEW]E. W. Handley - 1967 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 87:149-149.
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  39.  11
    Autism and Performance on the Suppression Task: Reasoning, Context and Complexity.Rebecca McKenzie, Jonathan St Bt Evans & Simon J. Handley - 2011 - Thinking and Reasoning 17 (2):182-196.
  40.  22
    Fabula Atellana Paolo Frassinetti: Fabularum Atellanarum Fragmenta. (Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum Paravianum.) Pp. xxi+96. Turin: Paravia, 1955. Paper, L. 800. [REVIEW]E. W. Handley - 1956 - The Classical Review 6 (3-4):239-240.
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  41.  10
    Long-Term Memory Following Serial Discrimination Reversal Learning.William H. Calhoun & George W. Handley - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (5):354-356.
  42.  8
    Scottish Indu Steialism and the Catholic.James E. Handley - 1946 - New Blackfriars 27 (313):139-143.
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  43.  8
    Curating Magic at the John Rylands Library: The 2016 Exhibition 'Magic, Witches and Devils in the Early Modern World'.Jennifer Spinks, Sasha Handley & Stephen Gordon - 2016 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 92 (1):105-114.
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  44.  4
    Die Tragische Orchestik Im Zerrbild der Altattischen Komodie. [REVIEW]E. W. Handley & E. Roos - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:153-154.
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  45.  13
    Semifactual: Byrne's Account of Even-If.Simon J. Handley & Aidan Feeney - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):458-459.
    Byrne's approach to the semifactual conditional captures the reasoning data. However, we argue that it does not account for the processes or principles by which people arrive at representations of even-if conditionals, upon which their reasoning is said to be based. Drawing upon recent work on the suppositional conditional we present such an account.
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  46.  11
    Serial Discrimination Reversal Learning: Effects of Scopolamine.George W. Handley & William H. Calhoun - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (5):422-424.
  47.  11
    The Dyskolos.F. H. Sandbach, Menander & E. W. Handley - 1966 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 86:195-197.
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  48.  11
    Papyrus Bodmer IV. Menandre: Le Dyscolos.E. W. Handley - 1960 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 80:208.
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  49.  8
    Classical Novels. [REVIEW]Carol Handley & W. B. Thompson - 1968 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 88:266-266.
  50.  8
    Memory Search Through Categories of Varying Size.William Metlay, Albert Handley & Ira T. Kaplan - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (2):215.
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