Results for 'Sina Gottwald'

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  1. Personalized Medicine as Orphanization: Legal and Ethical Questions.Sina Gottwald & Stefan Huster - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):259-266.
    ZusammenfassungDie Entwicklung einer „personalisierten Medizin“ ist zurzeit in aller Munde. Insbesondere die personalisierte Arzneimitteltherapie gewinnt infolge der pharmakologischen und molekulargenetischen Entwicklungen immer mehr an Bedeutung. Dies macht es erforderlich, die Auswirkungen der personalisierten Arzneimitteltherapie auf die gesetzliche Krankenversicherung und die Patientenversorgung zu untersuchen. In diesem Zusammenhang stellt sich die Frage nach einer „Orphanisierung“: Könnten Arzneimittel der personalisierten Medizin regelmäßig als Orphan Drugs, also als Arzneimittel für seltene Leiden, ausgewiesen werden, würde für sie nach dem Arzneimittelneuordnungsgesetz grundsätzlich kein Nachweis des Zusatznutzens (...)
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  2.  34
    Personalisierte Medizin als Orphanisierung: rechtliche und ethische FragenPersonalized medicine as orphanization: legal and ethical questions.Sina Gottwald & Stefan Huster - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):259-266.
    Die Entwicklung einer „personalisierten Medizin“ ist zurzeit in aller Munde. Insbesondere die personalisierte Arzneimitteltherapie gewinnt infolge der pharmakologischen und molekulargenetischen Entwicklungen immer mehr an Bedeutung. Dies macht es erforderlich, die Auswirkungen der personalisierten Arzneimitteltherapie auf die gesetzliche Krankenversicherung (GKV) und die Patientenversorgung zu untersuchen. In diesem Zusammenhang stellt sich die Frage nach einer „Orphanisierung“: Könnten Arzneimittel der personalisierten Medizin regelmäßig als Orphan Drugs, also als Arzneimittel für seltene Leiden, ausgewiesen werden, würde für sie nach dem Arzneimittelneuordnungsgesetz (AMNOG) grundsätzlich kein Nachweis (...)
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  3.  43
    Mathematical Fuzzy Logics.Siegfried Gottwald - 2008 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (2):210-239.
    The last decade has seen an enormous development in infinite-valued systems and in particular in such systems which have become known as mathematical fuzzy logics. The paper discusses the mathematical background for the interest in such systems of mathematical fuzzy logics, as well as the most important ones of them. It concentrates on the propositional cases, and mentions the first-order systems more superficially. The main ideas, however, become clear already in this restricted setting.
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  4. Prefazione ; Introduzione Con Allegate le Theses Ex Universa Philosophia Selectae, Saumer 1667 ; Notizia Sui Manoscritti E Criteri di Edizione / Mario Sina E Marco Ballardin. Syntagma Logicum / Jean-Robert Chouet ; a Cura di Mario Sina E Marco Ballardin. Breuis Introductio Ad Metaphysicam.Jean-Robert Chouet & A. Cura di Mario Sina - 2010 - In Corsi di Filosofia. L.S. Olschki.
  5. An Unpublished Chapter by Sofia Vanni Rovighi, Edited by Mario Sina.Mario Sina - forthcoming - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica.
  6.  27
    Populism and Informal Fallacies: An Analysis of Right-Wing Populist Rhetoric in Election Campaigns.Sina Blassnig, Florin Büchel, Nicole Ernst & Sven Engesser - 2019 - Argumentation 33 (1):107-136.
    Populism is on the rise, especially in Western Europe. While it is often assumed that populist actors have a tendency for fallacious reasoning, this has not been systematically investigated. We analyze the use of informal fallacies by right-wing populist politicians and their representation in the media during election campaigns. We conduct a quantitative content analysis of press releases of right-wing populist parties and news articles in print media during the most recent elections in the United Kingdom and Switzerland in 2015. (...)
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  7. Algorithmic Fairness From a Non-Ideal Perspective.Sina Fazelpour & Zachary C. Lipton - manuscript
    Inspired by recent breakthroughs in predictive modeling, practitioners in both industry and government have turned to machine learning with hopes of operationalizing predictions to drive automated decisions. Unfortunately, many social desiderata concerning consequential decisions, such as justice or fairness, have no natural formulation within a purely predictive framework. In efforts to mitigate these problems, researchers have proposed a variety of metrics for quantifying deviations from various statistical parities that we might expect to observe in a fair world and offered a (...)
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  8.  22
    Ibn Sīnā on Reductio Ad Absurdum.Wilfrid Hodges - 2017 - Review of Symbolic Logic 10 (3):583-601.
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  9.  11
    Critique and the Possibility of Radical Politics: Symposium on Sina Kramer’s Excluded Within: The (Un)Intelligibility of Radical Political Actors, Oxford University Press, 2017.Rocío Zambrana, María del Rosario Acosta López & Sina Kramer - 2019 - Political Theory 47 (6):864-884.
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  10.  31
    Ibn Sīnā and the Early History of Thought Experiments.Taneli Kukkonen - 2014 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (3):433-459.
    the history and philosophy of thought experiments has attracted considerable attention in recent years. Of particular interest to philosophers as well as historians of science has been the emergence of thought experiments as a common procedure in early modern science, along with the methodological presuppositions that underwrite this practice.1 From a philosophical perspective, the notion of thought experiments is intimately tied in with the much-debated connection between conceivability and possibility, as exemplified by the radical affirmation of the Conceivability Criterion of (...)
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  11.  26
    Ibn Sina's 'Burhan Al-Siddiqin'.T. Mayer - 2001 - Journal of Islamic Studies 12 (1):18-39.
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  12.  9
    Optimal Economic Load Dispatch Based on Wind Energy and Risk Constrains Through an Intelligent Algorithm.Sina Ghaffari, Gholamreza Aghajani, Alireza Noruzi & Hadi Hedayati Mehr - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S2):494-506.
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  13.  14
    Mehrwertige Logik: Eine Einführung in Theorie Und Anwendungen.Siegfried Gottwald - 1989 - De Gruyter.
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  14.  24
    The Other Side of the Coin: Oxytocin Decreases the Adherence to Fairness Norms.Sina Radke & Ellen R. A. de Bruijn - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  15.  29
    The Impact of Ibn Sīnā's Critique of Atomism on Subsequent Kalām Discussions of Atomism.Alnoor Dhanani - 2015 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 25 (1):79-104.
    Kalāmatomism stood in opposition to the Aristotelian natural philosophy of thefalāsifa. In thePhysicsof theShifā', Ibn Sīnā undertook a detailed refutation ofkalāmatomism through several arguments. These arguments elicited a muted response from al-Ghazālī, whose commitment tokalāmwas minimal at best. A more forceful response seems to have been offered by al-Shahrastānī but its details remain sketchy due to the lack of surviving sources. Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī, whose intellectual development went through a phase of commitment to Avicennism and thereby a vigorous endorsement of (...)
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  16.  16
    Judith Butler’s “New Humanism”.Sina Kramer - 2015 - philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 5 (1):25-40.
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  17.  22
    The End of Progress: Decolonizing the Normative Foundations of Critical Theory by Amy Allen.Sina Kramer - 2017 - philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 7 (2):357-362.
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  18. Ibn Sina on Necessary and Possible Existence.George F. Hourani - 1972 - Philosophical Forum 4 (1):74-86.
     
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  19. Ibn Sînâ (Avicenna) and René Descartes on the Faculty of Imagination.Hulya Yaldir - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (2):247-278.
  20. Das Gottwald-Missale. [REVIEW]H. Fels - 1933 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 46:513-514.
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  21.  31
    Ibn Sīnā’s Flying Man: Logical Analyses of a (Religious) Thought Experiment.C. P. Hertogh - 2013 - Journal of Islamic Philosophy 9:54-74.
  22.  26
    Many-Valued Logic.Siegfried Gottwald - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  23.  25
    Ibn Sînâ on the Now.Jon McGinnis - 1999 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 73 (1):73-106.
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  24.  41
    Affect-Biased Attention and Predictive Processing.Madeleine Ransom, Sina Fazelpour, Jelena Markovic, James Kryklywy, Evan T. Thompson & Rebecca M. Todd - 2020 - Cognition 203:104370.
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  25.  31
    Good is Up—Spatial Metaphors in Action Observation.Janna M. Gottwald, Birgit Elsner & Olga Pollatos - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  26. Ibn Sina and Husserl on Intention and Intentionality.Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino - 2004 - Philosophy East and West 54 (1):71-82.
    : The concepts of intention and intentionality were particularly significant notions within the Christian, Jewish, and Islamic medieval philosophical traditions, and they regained philosophical importance in the twentieth century. The theories of intention and intentionality of the medieval Islamic philosopher and physician Ibn Sina and the phenomenological philosopher and mathematician Edmund Husserl are examined, compared, and contrasted here, showing that Ibn Sina's conception of intention is naturalistic and, in its naturalism, is influenced by the medical professional culture to (...)
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  27.  43
    Universes of Fuzzy Sets and Axiomatizations of Fuzzy Set Theory. Part I: Model-Based and Axiomatic Approaches.Siegfried Gottwald - 2006 - Studia Logica 82 (2):211-244.
    For classical sets one has with the cumulative hierarchy of sets, with axiomatizations like the system ZF, and with the category SET of all sets and mappings standard approaches toward global universes of all sets. We discuss here the corresponding situation for fuzzy set theory.Our emphasis will be on various approaches toward (more or less naively formed)universes of fuzzy sets as well as on axiomatizations, and on categories of fuzzy sets.
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  28.  30
    Information Elaboration and Epistemic Effects of Diversity.Daniel Steel, Sina Fazelpour, Bianca Crewe & Kinley Gillette - 2019 - Synthese 198 (2):1287-1307.
    We suggest that philosophical accounts of epistemic effects of diversity have given insufficient attention to the relationship between demographic diversity and information elaboration, the process whereby knowledge dispersed in a group is elicited and examined. We propose an analysis of IE that clarifies hypotheses proposed in the empirical literature and their relationship to philosophical accounts of diversity effects. Philosophical accounts have largely overlooked the possibility that demographic diversity may improve group performance by enhancing IE, and sometimes fail to explore the (...)
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  29.  15
    Modeling of Causes of Sina Weibo Continuance Intention with Mediation of Gender Effects.Lingyu Wang, Wenguo Zhao, Xianghong Sun, Rui Zheng & Weina Qu - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  30.  3
    Fragen an Die Gegenwartsphilosophie Aus der Sicht Eines Zaungastes.Herwig Gottwald - 1991 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):3-6.
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  31.  86
    In Search of Ibn Sīnā's “Oriental Philosophy” in Medieval Castile.Ryan Szpiech - 2010 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 20 (2):185-206.
    Abstract. Scholars have long debated the possibility of a mystical or illuminationist strain of thought in Ibn Sīnā 's body of writing. This debate has often focused on the meaning and contents of his partly lost work al-Mashriqiyyūn (The Easterners), also known as al-Ḥikma al-Mashriqiyya (EasternWisdom), mentioned by Ibn Sīnā himself as well as by numerous Western writers including Ibn Rushd and Ibn Ṭufayl. A handful of references to what is called Ibn Sīnā 's “Oriental Philosophy” are also found in (...)
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  32.  1
    Exploring Diversity in a Field: An Application of Dooyeweerd’s Philosophy.Sina Joneidy & Andrew Basden - 2018 - Philosophia Reformata 83 (2):149-176.
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  33.  4
    Having a Calling on Board: Effects of Calling on Job Satisfaction and Job Performance Among South Korean Newcomers.Jiyoung Park, Sinae Kim, Myoungki Lim & Young Woo Sohn - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  34.  60
    Ibn Sina Avicenna and Malcolm and the Ontological Argument.Parviz Morewedge - 1970 - The Monist 54 (2):234-249.
    It has generally been assumed that Anselm was the originator of the ontological argument. Notwithstanding the fact that it has received much criticism, Malcolm defends its so-called second version. In this paper we shall examine some features of ibn Sina’s notion of the Necessary Existent which show that prior to Anselm, ibn Sina formulated a version of this argument which corresponds in some senses to Malcolm’s version, and that a close examination of ibn Sina’s peculiar version enables (...)
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  35.  15
    Ibn Sīnā’s Approach to Equality and Unity.Shahid Rahman, Johan Georg Granström & Zaynab Salloum - 2014 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 24 (2):297-307.
  36.  65
    Attention in the Predictive Mind.Madeleine Ransom, Sina Fazelpour & Christopher Mole - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 47:99-112.
    It has recently become popular to suggest that cognition can be explained as a process of Bayesian prediction error minimization. Some advocates of this view propose that attention should be understood as the optimization of expected precisions in the prediction-error signal (Clark, 2013, 2016; Feldman & Friston, 2010; Hohwy, 2012, 2013). This proposal successfully accounts for several attention-related phenomena. We claim that it cannot account for all of them, since there are certain forms of voluntary attention that it cannot accommodate. (...)
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  37.  43
    Ibn Sina (Avicena): O intelecto e a cura da Alma.Miguel Attie Filho - 2007 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 52 (3):47-54.
    This article presents a translation of the prologue of the work “Al-Sifa’” written by Ibn Sina (980-1037.C.) and argues elements on the question of the soul and the intellect. KEY WORDS – Ibn Sina. Avicenna. Arabic Philosophy. Soul. Intellect.
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  38.  6
    Grain Boundary Curvature and Grain Growth Kinetics with Particle Pinning.Sina Shahandeh & Matthias Militzer - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (24):3231-3247.
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  39.  8
    The Politics of Ancient Israel.Kenton L. Sparks & Norman K. Gottwald - 2004 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 124 (1):126.
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  40. Ibn Sina's Concept of the Self.Parviz Morewedge - 1972 - Philosophical Forum 4 (1):49.
     
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  41.  25
    Ibn Sīnā on Floating Man Arguments.Ahmed Alwishah - 2013 - Journal of Islamic Philosophy 9:32-53.
  42. Ibn Sina's Theory of Efficient Causality and Special Divine Action.Aboutorab Yaghmaie - 2015 - Avicennian Philosophy Journal 19 (54):79-94.
    Ibn Sina’s theory of efficient causality includes the definitions of metaphysical and natural efficient causes. In the first section, these definitions and two theses about their relation will be introduced. َAccording to the first thesis, natural efficient causes do not bestow existence and therefore they are not metaphysical. The alternative thesis defends bestowing existence by natural efficient causes, although this ontological status is restricted only to conferring existence of motion. In the second section, I will argue that, according to (...)
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  43. Die Transzendentale Phänomenologie und die philosophische Mystik.Eckard Wolz-Gottwald - 1994 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 101 (1):98-115.
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  44.  15
    Effects of Response Labels in Concept Attainment.Richard Gottwald - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (1):30.
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  45.  38
    Multiple Diversity Concepts and Their Ethical-Epistemic Implications.Daniel Steel, Sina Fazelpour, Kinley Gillette, Bianca Crewe & Michael Burgess - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (3):761-780.
    A concept of diversity is an understanding of what makes a group diverse that may be applicable in a variety of contexts. We distinguish three diversity concepts, show that each can be found in discussions of diversity in science, and explain how they tend to be associated with distinct epistemic and ethical rationales. Yet philosophical literature on diversity among scientists has given little attention to distinct concepts of diversity. This is significant because the unappreciated existence of multiple diversity concepts can (...)
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  46.  13
    Ibn Al-Haytham, Ibn Sīnā, Al-Ṭūsī : Égalité Ou Congruence.Roshdi Rashed - 2019 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 29 (2):157-170.
    As their greek predecessors, mathematicians and arab-speaking philosophers raised several important epistemological questions. One of those questions concerns the concept of equality and the concept of congruence of geometric magnitudes. What was the meaning of such concepts? How were they related to the idea of movement? Answers to these questions were often combining metric elements and other, philosophical elements, and I chose to study those of a mathematician, of a philosopher, and of a mathematician-philosopher.RésuméLes mathématiciens et les philosophes arabophones, comme (...)
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  47.  6
    Contextual Interference Processing During Fast Categorisations of Facial Expressions.Sascha Frühholz, Sina A. Trautmann-Lengsfeld & Manfred Herrmann - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (6):1045-1073.
  48.  38
    Universes of Fuzzy Sets and Axiomatizations of Fuzzy Set Theory. Part II: Category Theoretic Approaches.Siegfried Gottwald - 2006 - Studia Logica 84 (1):23-50.
    For classical sets one has with the cumulative hierarchy of sets, with axiomatizations like the system ZF, and with the category SET of all sets and mappings standard approaches toward global universes of all sets.We discuss here the corresponding situation for fuzzy set theory. Our emphasis will be on various approaches toward (more or less naively formed) universes of fuzzy sets as well as on axiomatizations, and on categories of fuzzy sets.
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  49.  5
    Sināʿat al-sufun alshirāʿīya fī al-kuwaytSinaat al-sufun alshiraiya fi al-kuwayt.Daniel Martin Varisco, Yaʿqūb Yūsuf al-Ḥajjī & Yaqub Yusuf al-Hajji - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (3):533.
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  50.  11
    Money and the American Dream in Norman Mailer's An American Dream.Sina Vatanpour - 1991 - Social Science Information 30 (1):179-192.
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