Results for 'Siobhan M. Phillips'

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  1.  54
    BDNF Mediates Improvements in Executive Function Following a 1-Year Exercise Intervention.Regina L. Leckie, Lauren E. Oberlin, Michelle W. Voss, Ruchika S. Prakash, Amanda Szabo-Reed, Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Siobhan M. Phillips, Neha P. Gothe, Emily Mailey, Victoria J. Vieira-Potter, Stephen A. Martin, Brandt D. Pence, Mingkuan Lin, Raja Parasuraman, Pamela M. Greenwood, Karl J. Fryxell, Jeffrey A. Woods, Edward McAuley, Arthur F. Kramer & Kirk I. Erickson - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  2.  50
    Adolescents Care but Don’T Feel Responsible for Farm Animal Welfare.Siobhan M. Abeyesinghe, Jen Jamieson, Lucy Asher, David Allen, Matthew O. Parker, Christopher M. Wathes & Michael J. Reiss - 2015 - Society and Animals 23 (3):269-297.
  3.  19
    Evolutionary Contributions to Solving the “Matrilineal Puzzle”.Siobhán M. Mattison - 2011 - Human Nature 22 (1-2):64-88.
    Matriliny has long been debated by anthropologists positing either its primitive or its puzzling nature. More recently, evolutionary anthropologists have attempted to recast matriliny as an adaptive solution to modern social and ecological environments, tying together much of what was known to be associated with matriliny. This paper briefly reviews the major anthropological currents in studies of matriliny and discusses the contribution of evolutionary anthropology to this body of literature. It discusses the utility of an evolutionary framework in the context (...)
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  4.  28
    The Rebirth of Kinship.Mary K. Shenk & Siobhán M. Mattison - 2011 - Human Nature 22 (1-2):1-15.
    Kinship was one of the key areas of research interest among anthropologists in the nineteenth century, one of the most hotly debated areas of theory in the early and mid-twentieth century, and yet an area of waning interest by the end of the twentieth century. Since then, the study of kinship has experienced a revitalization, with concomitant disputes over how best to proceed. This special issue brings together recent studies of kinship by scientific anthropologists employing evolutionary theory and quantitative methods. (...)
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  5.  1
    International Research in Business Ethics.Siobhan M. Alderson - 1996 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 7:11-22.
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  6. 1 H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Normal Appearing White Matter in Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis.Siobhan M. Leary, Charles A. Davie, Geoff J. M. Parker, Valerie L. Stevenson, Liqun Wang, Gareth J. Barker, David H. Miller & A. J. Thompson - 1999 - Journal of Neurology 246 (11).
    Recent magnetic resonance imaging and pathological studies have indicated that axonal loss is a major contributor to disease progression in multiple sclerosis. 1 H magnetic resonance spectroscopy, through measurement of N -acetyl aspartate, a neuronal marker, provides a unique tool to investigate this. Patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis have few lesions on conventional MRI, suggesting that changes in normal appearing white matter, such as axonal loss, may be particularly relevant to disease progression in this group. To test this hypothesis (...)
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  7.  22
    Propagation of Partial Randomness.Kojiro Higuchi, W. M. Phillip Hudelson, Stephen G. Simpson & Keita Yokoyama - 2014 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (2):742-758.
    Let f be a computable function from finite sequences of 0ʼs and 1ʼs to real numbers. We prove that strong f-randomness implies strong f-randomness relative to a PA-degree. We also prove: if X is strongly f-random and Turing reducible to Y where Y is Martin-Löf random relative to Z, then X is strongly f-random relative to Z. In addition, we prove analogous propagation results for other notions of partial randomness, including non-K-triviality and autocomplexity. We prove that f-randomness relative to a (...)
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  8.  20
    Developing Intentional Understandings.Henry M. Wellman & Ann T. Phillips - 2001 - In Bertram Malle, L. J. Moses & Dare Baldwin (eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 125--148.
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  9.  2
    The Philosophy of Kant Explained.M. Phillips Mason - 1909 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (24):665-667.
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  10.  26
    Challenges of Genetic Testing in Adolescents with Cardiac Arrhythmia Syndromes.Lilian Liou Cohen, Marina Stolerman, Christine Walsh, David Wasserman & Siobhan M. Dolan - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (3):163-167.
    The ability to sequence individual genomes is leading to the identification of an increasing number of genetic risk factors for serious diseases. Knowledge of these risk factors can often provide significant medical and psychological benefit, but also raises complex ethical and social issues. This paper focuses on one area of rapid progress: the identification of mutations causing long QT syndrome and other cardiac channel disorders, which can explain some previously unexplained deaths in infants (SIDS) and children and adults (SUDS) and (...)
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  11.  8
    Mass Problems and Initial Segment Complexity.W. M. Phillip Hudelson - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (1):20-44.
  12. Kim M. Phillips, Medieval Maidens. Young Women and Gender in England, 1270-1540.Didier Lett - 2009 - Clio 29.
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  13.  17
    Flow, Affect and Visual Creativity.Genevieve M. Cseh, Louise H. Phillips & David G. Pearson - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (2):281-291.
  14.  15
    Kim M. Phillips, Before Orientalism: Asian Peoples and Cultures in European Travel Writing, 1245–1510. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014. Pp. Ix, 314; 6 Black-and-White Figures. $79.95. ISBN: 978-0-8122-4548-6. [REVIEW]Jorge Flores - 2015 - Speculum 90 (2):576-577.
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  15.  6
    Atson's The Philosophy of Kant Explained. [REVIEW]M. Phillips Mason - 1909 - Journal of Philosophy 6 (24):665.
  16.  15
    Reality as Possible Experience.M. Phillips Mason - 1906 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 3 (17):449-457.
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  17.  6
    Reality as Possible Experience.M. Phillips Mason - 1906 - Journal of Philosophy 3 (17):449.
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  18.  11
    Watson's The Philosophy of Kant Explained.M. Phillips Mason - 1909 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (24):665.
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  19.  16
    Medical Humanities: A Closer Look at Learning.A. Patterson, D. Sharek, M. Hennessy, M. Phillips & S. Schofield - 2016 - Medical Humanities 42 (2):115-120.
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  20.  36
    Distinguishing Schizophrenia From the Mechanisms Underlying Hallucinations.Steven M. Silverstein & William A. Phillips - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):805-806.
    This commentary challenges the argument that the diathesis for hallucinations is equivalent to that for schizophrenia. Evidence against this comes from data on the prevalence of hallucinations in schizophrenia, their nonspecificity, and their relationships with moderating variables. We also highlight, however, the manner in which the Behrendt & Young (B&Y) hypothesis extends recent neuroscientific theories of schizophrenia, and its potential treatment applications.
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  21.  18
    Protestant America and the Pagan World: The First Half Century of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, 1810-1860.James M. McCutcheon & Clifton Jackson Phillips - 1970 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 90 (2):415.
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  22.  3
    The Philosophy of the Present in Germany.M. Phillips Mason - 1914 - Philosophical Review 23 (4):456-457.
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  23.  7
    M. Phillips Mason.Edward Pols - 1957 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 31:107 -.
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  24.  29
    Hildegard and Holism.Suzanne M. Phillips Monique D. Boivin - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (4):pp. 377-379.
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  25.  44
    Medieval Holism: Hildegard of Bingen on Mental Disorder.Suzanne M. Phillips Monique D. Boivin - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (4):pp. 359-368.
    Current efforts to think holistically about mental disorder may be assisted by considering the integrative strategies used by Hildegard of Bingen, a twelfth-century abbess and healer. We search for integrative strategies in the detailed records of Hilde-gard’s treatment of the noblewoman Sigewiza and in Hildegard’s more general writings. Three strategies support Hildegard’s holistic thinking: the use of narrative approaches to mental illness, acknowledging interdependence between perspectives, and applying principles of balance to the relationships between perspectives. Applying these three strategies to (...)
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  26.  44
    The Niche Construction Perspective: A Critical Appraisal.Thomas C. Scott-Phillips, Kevin N. Laland, David M. Shuker, Thomas E. Dickins & Stuart A. West - unknown
    Niche construction refers to the activities of organisms that bring about changes in their environments, many of which are evolutionarily and ecologically consequential. Advocates of niche construction theory (NCT) believe that standard evolutionary theory fails to recognize the full importance of niche construction, and consequently propose a novel view of evolution, in which niche construction and its legacy over time (ecological inheritance) are described as evolutionary processes, equivalent in importance to natural selection. Here, we subject NCT to critical evaluation, in (...)
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  27.  6
    Mental and Perceptual Feedback in the Development of Creative Flow.Genevieve M. Cseh, Louise H. Phillips & David G. Pearson - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 42:150-161.
  28.  9
    Review Of: James M. Phillips, From the Rising of the Sun: Christians and Society in Contemporary Japan. [REVIEW]James Heisig - 1983 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 10 (4):323-329.
  29.  50
    Response From Young, Sprengelmeyer, Phillips and Calder.A. W. Young, R. Sprengelmeyer, M. Phillips & A. J. Calder - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (9):322-325.
  30.  25
    The Microbiome in Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience.Amar Sarkar, Siobhán Harty, Soili M. Lehto, Andrew H. Moeller, Timothy G. Dinan, Robin I. M. Dunbar, John F. Cryan & Philip W. J. Burnet - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (7):611-636.
  31.  5
    Speed-Accuracy Tradeoffs in Brain and Behavior: Testing the Independence of P300 and N400 Related Processes in Behavioral Responses to Sentence Categorization. [REVIEW]Phillip M. Alday & Franziska Kretzschmar - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  32.  47
    Erasmus Erasmus. Chapters by M. M. Phillips, A. E. Douglas, J. W. Binns, B. Hall, D. F. S. Thomson, and T. A. Dorey. Edited by T. A. Dorey. (Studies in Latin Literature and its Influence.) Pp. X+163. London: Routledge, 1970. Cloth, £2·50 Net. [REVIEW]E. J. Kenney - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (03):401-403.
  33.  2
    Words and the Mind: How Words Capture Human Experience.Barbara Malt & Phillip M. Wolff (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The study of word meanings promises important insights into the nature of the human mind by revealing what people find to be most cognitively significant in their experience. However, as we learn more about the semantics of various languages, we are faced with an interesting problem. Different languages seem to be telling us different stories about the mind. For example, important distinctions made in one language are not necessarily made in others. What are we to make of these cross-linguistic differences? (...)
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  34. The Empiricists: Critical Essays on Locke, Berkeley, and Hume.M. R. Ayers, Phillip D. Cummins, Robert Fogelin, Don Garrett, Edwin McCann, Charles J. McCracken, George Pappas, G. A. J. Rogers, Barry Stroud, Ian Tipton, Margaret D. Wilson & Kenneth Winkler - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This collection of essays on themes in the work of John Locke , George Berkeley , and David Hume , provides a deepened understanding of major issues raised in the Empiricist tradition. In exploring their shared belief in the experiential nature of mental constructs, The Empiricists illuminates the different methodologies of these great Enlightenment philosophers and introduces students to important metaphysical and epistemological issues including the theory of ideas, personal identity, and skepticism. It will be especially useful in courses devoted (...)
     
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  35.  34
    The Inexact and Separate Science of Economics.David Phillips & Daniel M. Hausman - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (2):348.
  36.  23
    Improving Memory After Interruption: Exploiting Soft Constraints and Manipulating Information Access Cost.Phillip L. Morgan, John Patrick, Samuel M. Waldron, Sophia L. King & Tanya Patrick - 2009 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 15 (4):291-306.
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  37.  93
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 1: Conceptual and Definitional Issues in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:1-29.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  38.  41
    How Literacy in its Fundamental Sense is Central to Scientific Literacy.Stephen P. Norris & Linda M. Phillips - 2003 - Science Education 87 (2):224-240.
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  39.  37
    Andocides M. J. Edwards (Ed., Comm.): Greek Orators IV. Andocides (Classical Texts). Pp. Viii + 216. Warminster: Aris & Phillips Ltd, 1995. £35/$49.95 (Paper, £14.95/524.95). ISBN: 0-85668-527-5 (0-85668-528-3 Pbk). [REVIEW]Edward M. Harris - 1998 - The Classical Review 48 (01):18-20.
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  40.  16
    Whose Commons? Data Protection as a Legal Limit of Open Science.Mark Phillips & Bartha M. Knoppers - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):106-111.
    Open science has recently gained traction as establishment institutions have come on-side and thrown their weight behind the movement and initiatives aimed at creation of information commons. At the same time, the movement's traditional insistence on unrestricted dissemination and reuse of all information of scientific value has been challenged by the movement to strengthen protection of personal data. This article assesses tensions between open science and data protection, with a focus on the GDPR.
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  41.  9
    History and Romance in Graeco–Oriental Literature. By M. Braun. Pp. Xiii + 106. Oxford: Blackwell, 1938. 7s. 6d.E. D. Phillips & M. Braun - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):175-176.
  42. Photography and Causation: Responding to Scruton's Scepticism.Dawn M. Phillips - 2009 - British Journal of Aesthetics 49 (4):327-340.
    According to Roger Scruton, it is not possible for photographs to be representational art. Most responses to Scruton’s scepticism are versions of the claim that Scruton disregards the extent to which intentionality features in photography; but these cannot force him to give up his notion of the ideal photograph. My approach is to argue that Scruton has misconstrued the role of causation in his discussion of photography. I claim that although Scruton insists that the ideal photograph is defined by its (...)
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  43.  42
    Infants' Ability to Connect Gaze and Emotional Expression to Intentional Action.Ann T. Phillips, Henry M. Wellman & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2002 - Cognition 85 (1):53-78.
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  44.  43
    Convergence of Biological and Psychological Perspectives on Cognitive Coordination in Schizophrenia.William A. Phillips & Steven M. Silverstein - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):65-82.
    The concept of locally specialized functions dominates research on higher brain function and its disorders. Locally specialized functions must be complemented by processes that coordinate those functions, however, and impairment of coordinating processes may be central to some psychotic conditions. Evidence for processes that coordinate activity is provided by neurobiological and psychological studies of contextual disambiguation and dynamic grouping. Mechanisms by which this important class of cognitive functions could be achieved include those long-range connections within and between cortical regions that (...)
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  45.  13
    Young and Restless: Validation of the Mind-Wandering Questionnaire Reveals Disruptive Impact of Mind-Wandering for Youth.Michael D. Mrazek, Dawa T. Phillips, Michael S. Franklin, James M. Broadway & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  46.  17
    Stakeholder Opinions and Ethical Perspectives Support Complete Disclosure of Incidental Findings in MRI Research.John P. Phillips, Caitlin Cole, John P. Gluck, Jody M. Shoemaker, Linda E. Petree, Deborah L. Helitzer, Ronald M. Schrader & Mark T. Holdsworth - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (4):332-350.
    How far does a researcher’s responsibility extend when an incidental finding is identified? Balancing pertinent ethical principles such as beneficence, respect for persons, and duty to rescue is not always straightforward, particularly in neuroimaging research where empirical data that might help guide decision making are lacking. We conducted a systematic survey of perceptions and preferences of 396 investigators, research participants, and Institutional Review Board members at our institution. Using the partial entrustment model as described by Richardson, we argue that our (...)
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  47. The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 2: Issues of Conservatism and Pragmatism in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:8-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  48.  5
    Infants' Understanding of Object-Directed Action.Ann T. Phillips & Henry M. Wellman - 2005 - Cognition 98 (2):137-155.
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  49.  38
    Public Response to Media Coverage of Animal Cruelty.Catherine M. Tiplady, Deborah-Anne B. Walsh & Clive J. C. Phillips - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (4):869-885.
    Activists’ investigations of animal cruelty expose the public to suffering that they may otherwise be unaware of, via an increasingly broad-ranging media. This may result in ethical dilemmas and a wide range of emotions and reactions. Our hypothesis was that media broadcasts of cruelty to cattle in Indonesian abattoirs would result in an emotional response by the public that would drive their actions towards live animal export. A survey of the public in Australia was undertaken to investigate their reactions and (...)
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  50. Automatism, Causality and Realism: Foundational Problems in the Philosophy of Photography.Diarmuid Costello & Dawn M. Phillips - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (1):1-21.
    This article contains a survey of recent debates in the philosophy of photography, focusing on aesthetic and epistemic issues in particular. Starting from widespread notions about automatism, causality and realism in the theory of photography, the authors ask whether the prima facie tension between the epistemic and aesthetic embodied in oppositions such as automaticism and agency, causality and intentionality, realism and fictional competence is more than apparent. In this context, the article discusses recent work by Roger Scruton, Dominic Lopes, Kendall (...)
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