Results for 'Skepticism History'

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  1.  54
    The School of Doubt: Skepticism, History and Politics in Cicero’s, written by Orazio Cappello.Raphael Woolf - 2020 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 10 (2):167-171.
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    The School of Doubt: Skepticism, History and Politics in Cicero's academica.Orazio Cappello - 2019 - Brill.
    In _The School of Doubt_ Orazio Cappello presents a study of Cicero’s fragmentary philosophical treatise on sense-perception, the _Academica_, examining the dialogue’s literary, historiographical and theoretical texture.
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  3.  3
    The history of skepticism: in search of consistency.Renata Ziemińska - 2017 - New York: Peter Lang Edition.
    This book reconstructs the history of skepticism ranging from ancient to contemporary times, from Pyrrho to Kripke. The main skeptical stances and the historical reconstruction of the concept of skepticism are connected with an analysis of their recurrent inconsistency. The author reveals that this inconsistency is not a logical contradiction but a pragmatic one. She shows that it is a contradiction between the content of the skeptical position and the implicit presumption of the act of its assertion. (...)
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  4.  36
    The School of Doubt: Skepticism, History, and Politics in Cicero's Academica, Written by Orazio Cappello. [REVIEW]Peter Osorio - 2020 - Bryn Mawr Classical Review.
  5.  74
    Rethinking the history of skepticism: the missing medieval background.Henrik Lagerlund (ed.) - 2009 - Boston: Brill.
    This book aims at beginning the rewriting of the history of skepticism by highlightening the medieval sources of the modern skeptical discussions.
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  6.  15
    Skepticism in Philosophy: A Comprehensive, Historical Introduction.Henrik Lagerlund - 2020 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    In this book, Henrik Lagerlund offers students, researchers, and advanced general readers the first complete history of what is perhaps the most famous of all philosophical problems: skepticism. As the first of its kind, the book traces the influence of philosophical skepticism from its roots in the Hellenistic schools of Phyrronism and the Middle Academy up to its impact inside and outside of philosophy today. Along the way, it covers skepticism during the Latin, Arabic, and Greek (...)
  7.  38
    Skepticism: From Antiquity to the Present.Diego E. Machuca & Baron Reed (eds.) - 2018 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Skepticism: From Antiquity to the Present is an authoritative and up-to-date survey of the entire history of skepticism. Divided chronologically into ancient, medieval, renaissance, modern, and contemporary periods, and featuring 50 specially-commissioned chapters from leading philosophers, this comprehensive volume is the first of its kind.
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  8.  52
    Greek skepticism; a study in epistemology.Charlotte L. Stough - 1969 - Berkeley,: University of California Press.
    * INTRODUCTION This book seeks to add dimension to our understanding of Greek Skepticism by concentrating attention on a particular area that is of ...
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  9.  24
    A History of Skepticism in the Middle Ages.Henrik Lagerlund - 2009 - In Rethinking the history of skepticism: the missing medieval background. Boston: Brill. pp. 103--1.
  10. Skepticism in Hume's Politics and Histories.Peter S. Fosl - 2018 - Araucaria 20 (40).
    This essay argues that Hume's political and historical thought is well read as skeptical and skeptical in a way that roots it deeply in the Hellenistic traditions of both Pyrrhonian and Academical thought. It deploys skeptical instruments to undermine political rationalism as well as theologically and metaphysically political ideologies. Hume's is politics of opinion and appearance. It labors to oppose faction and enthusiasm and generate suspension, balance, tranquility, and moderation. Because Hume advocate the use of reflectively generated but epistemically and (...)
     
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  11.  14
    History of Philosophy of Science and Hegel’s Critique of Skepticism.Thodoris Dimitrakos - 2017 - In Klaus Vieweg, Stella Synegianni, Georges Faraklas & Jannis Kozatsas (eds.), Hegel and Scepticism: On Klaus Vieweg's Interpretation. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 207-226.
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  12.  21
    Hegel and Skepticism.Michael N. Forster - 1989 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Forster demonstrates that Hegel did not in fact ignore epistemology, but on the contrary he fought a tireless and subtle campaign to defeat the threat of skepticism. Forster's work should dispel once and for all the view that Hegel was naive or careless in epistemological matters. Along the way, Forster makes much that has hither to remained obscure in Hegel's texts intelligible for the first time.
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  13.  11
    Museum Skepticism: A History of the Display of Art in Public Galleries.Jeffrey Wilson - 2007 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 65 (3):338-339.
  14.  77
    Skepticism in the modern age: building on the work of Richard Popkin.Maia Neto, José Raimundo, Gianni Paganini & John Christian Laursen (eds.) - 2009 - Boston: Brill.
    This book reassesses the role and impact of skepticism in early modern philosophy, revisiting and reinterpreting the positions of some of the main early modern ...
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  15.  9
    Skepticism in the Modern Age: Building on the Work of Richard Popkin.José Maia Neto, Gianni Paganini & John Christian Laursen (eds.) - 2009 - Boston: Brill.
    This book reassesses the role and impact of skepticism in early modern philosophy, revisiting and reinterpreting the positions of some of the main early modern philosophers in relation to this tradition and showing its relevance to others who have not previously been connected to skepticism.
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  16.  8
    Skepticism in Classical Islam: Moments of Confusion.Paul L. Heck - 2013 - New York: Routledge.
    The first major treatment of skepticism in Islam, this book explores the critical role of skeptical thinking in the development of theology in Islam. It examines the way key thinkers in classical Islam faced perplexing questions about the nature of God and his relation to the world, all the while walking a fine line between belief in God's message as revealed in the Qur'an, and the power of the mind to discover truths on its own. Skepticism in Classical (...)
  17. Pyrrhonian skepticism.Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.) - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Throughout the history of philosophy, skepticism has posed one of the central challenges of epistemology. Opponents of skepticism--including externalists, contextualists, foundationalists, and coherentists--have focussed largely on one particular variety of skepticism, often called Cartesian or Academic skepticism, which makes the radical claim that nobody can know anything. However, this version of skepticism is something of a straw man, since virtually no philosopher endorses this radical skeptical claim. The only skeptical view that has been truly (...)
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  18.  12
    Skepticism, modernity, and critical theory.Philip Walsh - 2005 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book examines the issue of philosophical skepticism in the light of its relevance for the critique of modernity associated with the Frankfurt School. It situates the problem of skepticism in the context of the history of philosophy and explores its significance for the modern crisis of reason, as manifested in post-Kantian philosophy, which presaged the critical turn toward social theory.
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  19.  5
    Skepticism and political thought in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.John Christian Laursen & Gianni Paganini (eds.) - 2015 - Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
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  20.  64
    Hegel and skepticism.Michael N. Forster - 1989 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    This book should cause a re-evaluation of Hegel, and German Idealism generally, and contribute to a re-evaluation of the skeptical tradition in philosophy.
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  21.  46
    History and Skepticism.Ronald Millar - 1929 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 4 (1):95-103.
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  22. Skepticism: Historical and Contemporary Inquiries.G. Anthony Bruno & A. C. Rutherford (eds.) - 2018 - New York: Routledge.
    Skepticism is one of the most enduring and profound of philosophical problems. With its roots in Plato and the Sceptics to Descartes, Hume, Kant and Wittgenstein, skepticism presents a challenge that every philosopher must reckon with. In this outstanding collection philosophers engage with skepticism in five clear sections: the philosophical history of skepticism in Greek, Cartesian and Kantian thought; the nature and limits of certainty; the possibility of knowledge and related problems such as perception and (...)
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  23.  11
    Skepticism in Renaissance and Post-Renaissance Thought: New Interpretations.José Raimundo Maia Neto & Richard Henry Popkin (eds.) - 2004 - Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books.
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  24.  27
    Skepticism.Michael Williams - 1999 - In John Greco & Ernest Sosa (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 33–69.
    Skepticism has been (and remains) a central concern of the theory of knowledge. Indeed, some philosophers think that, without the problem of skepticism, we would not know what to make of the idea of distinctively philosophical theories of knowledge. However, a philosopher who thinks along these lines is likely to have in mind a rather special form of skepticism. Let us call it philosophical skepticism. Philosophical skepticism has a long history. Indeed, it is almost (...)
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  25. The history of scepticism: from Savonarola to Bayle.Richard H. Popkin - 2003 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Richard H. Popkin.
    This is the third edition of a classic book first published in 1960, which has sold thousands of copies in two paperback edition and has been translated into several foreign languages. Popkin's work ha generated innumerable citations, and remains a valuable stimulus to current historical research. In this updated version, he has revised and expanded throughout, and has added three new chapters, one on Savonarola, one on Henry More and Ralph Cudworth, and one on Pascal. This authoritative treatment of the (...)
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  26.  16
    Skepticism in Renaissance and post-Renaissance thought: new interpretations.Maia Neto, José Raimundo & Richard H. Popkin (eds.) - 2004 - Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books.
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  27. Skepticism: The Central Issues.Charles Landesman - 2002 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book presents and analyzes the most important arguments in the history of Western philosophy's skeptical tradition. It demonstrates that, although powerful, these arguments are quite limited and fail to prove their core assertion that knowledge is beyond our reach. Argues that skepticism is mistaken and that knowledge is possible Dissects the problems of realism and the philosophical doubts about the accuracy of the senses Explores the ancient argument against a criterion of knowledge, Descartes' skeptical arguments, and skeptical (...)
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  28. Skepticism and the Foundations of Empirical Justification.Ali Hasan - 2008 - Dissertation, University of Washington
    A central project of traditional epistemology is to address skeptical questions and concerns regarding the rationality or epistemic justification of our empirical beliefs, especially beliefs regarding the external world, with the aim of understanding what makes it possible for such beliefs to have or lack justification, and of determining how much justification we have. A prominent anti-skeptical view in the history of epistemology, a view I shall call classical foundationalism, can be distinguished from other more contemporary versions of foundationalism (...)
     
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  29. Mathematical skepticism: a sketch with historian in foreground.Luciano Floridi - 1998 - In J. van der Zande & R. Popkin (eds.), The Skeptical Tradition around 1800. pp. 41–60.
    We know very little about mathematical skepticism in modem times. Imre Lakatos once remarked that “in discussing modem efforts to establish foundations for mathematical knowledge one tends to forget that these are but a chapter in the great effort to overcome skepticism by establishing foundations for knowledge in general." And in a sense he was clearly right: modem thought — with its new discoveries in mathematical sciences, the mathematization of physics, the spreading of Pyrrhonist doctrines, the centrality of (...)
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  30.  29
    Reversing Historical Skepticism: Bernard Lonergan on the Writing of History.Andrew Beards - 1994 - History and Theory 33 (2):198-219.
    The widespread influence of skeptical and relativist philosophies has led to an abandonment of empiricist accounts of objectivity in historical investigation. Can one do justice to the historical conditionedness of the historian without totally denying objectivity in historical judgments? This article introduces Bernard Lonergan's answer to this question. Lonergan contends that one can avoid both the Scylla of naive empiricism, fostering the myth of some simple backward gaze at the facts of the past, and the Charybdis of total relativism. He (...)
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  31.  41
    Skepticism in the Modern Age: Building on the Work of Richard Popkin. Edited by José R. Maia Neto, Gianni Paganini, and John Christian Laursen. Brill’s Studies in Intellectual History 181. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2009. Pp. x + 390. ISBN: 978-90-04-17784-0. [REVIEW]Michael W. Hickson - 2013 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 3 (4):304-307.
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  32. Skepticism and Value in the Zhuāngzi.Chris Fraser - 2009 - International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (4):439-457.
    The ethics of the Zhuāngzi is distinctive for its valorization of psychological qualities such as open-mindedness, adaptability, and tolerance. The paper discusses how these qualities and their consequences for morality and politics relate to the text’s views onskepticism and value. Chad Hansen has argued that Zhuangist ethical views are motivated by skepticism about our ability to know a privileged scheme of action-guiding distinctions, which in turn is grounded in a form of relativism about such distinctions. Against this, Icontend that (...)
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  33. The Skepticism of Nicolaus of Autrecourt: A Forgotten Type of Skepticism.Stephen E. Riker - 2000 - Dissertation, The Catholic University of America
    Skepticism has always been a part of the history of Western philosophy. If one were to look at current works focusing on the history of skepticism in philosophy, however, one would get the impression that skepticism disappeared from the philosophical landscape after the work of Sextus Empiricus, only to reappear with the methodological skepticism of Descartes. Yet, did skepticism, which had thus been so prevalent in the ancient period, disappear so completely during the (...)
     
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  34.  33
    Academic Skepticism in Early Modern Philosophy.Jose R. Maia Neto - 1997 - Journal of the History of Ideas 58 (2):199.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Academic Skepticism in Early Modern PhilosophyJosé R. Maia NetoAncient skepticism was more influential in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries than it had ever been before. Thanks to the groundwork of Charles B. Schmitt and Richard H. Popkin on the influence of ancient skepticism in early modern philosophy and to the extensive research that followed their lead, skepticism is now recognized as having played a major (...)
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  35. Ancient Skepticism: Overview.Diego E. Machuca - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (4):234-245.
    Scholarship on ancient skepticism has undergone a remarkable renaissance in the last three decades. Specialists in ancient philosophy have explored the complex history of the Greco‐Roman skeptical traditions and discussed difficult philological and exegetical issues. But they have also assessed the philosophical significance of the various ancient skeptical outlooks. In this first paper, I provide a general presentation of this area of study, while in the two subsequent articles I will focus on some of the topics that have (...)
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  36.  37
    Academic Skepticism in Early Modern Philosophy.Maia Neto & José Raimundo - 1997 - Journal of the History of Ideas 58 (2):199-220.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Academic Skepticism in Early Modern PhilosophyJosé R. Maia NetoAncient skepticism was more influential in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries than it had ever been before. Thanks to the groundwork of Charles B. Schmitt and Richard H. Popkin on the influence of ancient skepticism in early modern philosophy and to the extensive research that followed their lead, skepticism is now recognized as having played a major (...)
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  37.  10
    The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Spinoza.Richard Henry Popkin - 2023 - Univ of California Press.
    "I had read the book before in the shorter Harper Torchbook edition but read it again right through--and found it as interesting and exciting as before. I regard it as one of the seminal books in the history of ideas. Based on a prodigious amount of original research, it demonstrated conclusively and in fascinating details how the transmission of ancient skepticism was a bital factor in the formation of modern thought. The story is rich in implications for th (...)
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  38.  23
    Skepticism as a Means of “Indirect Exposition”: Boris Pasternak and Gustav Shpet.Tatiana G. Shchedrina & Boris I. Pruzhinin - 2021 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 58 (4):292-299.
    When we discuss skepticism, we generally mean a certain philosophical movement with a fundamental basis in doubt. At the same time, the history of philosophy gives us another highly productive, met...
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  39. Moral Skepticism and Moral Naturalism in Hume's Treatise.Nicholas L. Sturgeon - 2001 - Hume Studies 27 (1):3-83.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Hume Studies Volume 27, Number 1, April 2001, pp. 3-83 Moral Skepticism and Moral Naturalism in Hume's Treatise NICHOLAS L. STURGEON Section I I believe that David Hume's well-known remarks on is and ought in his Treatise of Human Nature (T 469-70)1 have been widely misunderstood, and that in consequence so has their relation to his apparent ethical naturalism and to his skepticism about the role of (...)
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  40. Moral Skepticism and Moral Disagreement in Nietzsche.Brian Leiter - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 9.
    This chapter offers a new interpretation of Nietzsche’s argument for moral skepticism, an argument that should be of independent philosophical interest as well. On this account, Nietzsche offers a version of the argument from moral disagreement, but, unlike familiar varieties, it does not purport to exploit anthropological reports about the moral views of exotic cultures, or even garden-variety conflicting moral intuitions about concrete cases. Nietzsche, instead, calls attention to the single most important and embarrassing fact about the history (...)
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  41.  25
    Induction, Probability, and Skepticism: A History of Rival Ethics and Economics.Debi Prasad Chattopadhyaya - 1991 - Albany, NY, USA: State University of New York Press.
    Chattopadhyaya (philosophy, Jadavpur U., Calcutta) examines the epistemological and methodological implications of induction and probability.
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  42.  11
    Silence, Skepticism, and Vulgar Theology.Daniel Davies - 2015 - Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 3 (1).
    Diverse interpretations of Maimonides’ Guide have abounded since it was first written. A recent school depicts Maimonides as a critical philosopher, in the Kantian mold, who was skeptical of claims to know certain metaphysical truths. Josef Stern’s new book is a landmark in this skeptical interpretation, which refines and extends the debate in various new directions. This chapter claims that focusing on skeptical motifs can bring Maimonides into line with recent developments in understanding the history of philosophy. Stern directs (...)
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  43.  23
    Skepticism and the Basis of Morality.Thomas McClintock - 1984 - Philosophy Research Archives 10 (9999):185-333.
    Part I (Skepticism) contains analyses of the basic varieties of ethical skepticism and culminates in the idea that the refutation of ethical skepticism--or, what is the same thing, the discovery of the rational basis of morality--consists of a proof of the factual thesis that there exists in human beings a common underivative moral self that consists of an innate normative-practical source (or principle-spring) of human moral judgment and behavior. Part 2 (The Basis of Morality) develops the methodology (...)
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  44. The Oxford handbook of skepticism.John Greco (ed.) - 2008 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In the history of philosophical thought, few themes loom as large as skepticism. Skepticism has been the most visible and important part of debates about knowledge. Skepticism at its most basic questions our cognitive achievements, challenges our ability to obtain reliable knowledge; casting doubt on our attempts to seek and understand the truth about everything from ethics, to other minds, religious belief, and even the underlying structure of matter and reality. Since Descartes, the defense of knowledge (...)
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  45. Classical Skepticism and English Poetry in the Twelfth Century.Seth Lerer - 1981
     
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  46.  12
    Skepticism and Political Thought in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries eds. by John Christian Laursen and Gianni Paganini.Peter S. Fosl - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (4):682-683.
    Edited by two leading scholars of the history of early modern skepticism, this volume collects thirteen essays from a variety of North and South American as well as European authors. Following the groundbreaking work of Richard H. Popkin and others such as Richard A. Watson, José Maia Neto, and James Force, much has been made about skepticism in relation to early modern natural sciences and to religion. Curiously little, however, addresses skepticism and early modern politics. This (...)
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  47. From Skepticism to Paralysis.Suzanne Obdrzalek - 2012 - Ancient Philosophy 32 (2):369-392.
    This paper analyzes the apraxia argument in Cicero’s Academica. It proposes that the argument assumes two modes: the evidential mode maintains that skepticism is false, while the pragmatic claims that it is disadvantageous. The paper then develops a tension between the two modes, and concludes by exploring some differences between ancient and contemporary skepticism.
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  48.  27
    Organized skepticism, naïve methodism, and other -isms.Jay A. Labinger - 2006 - Foundations of Chemistry 8 (2):97-110.
    The Science Wars have pitted defenders of science against those accused of attacking it with the weapons of constructivism and relativism. I argue that this defensive stance is in large part a consequence of two other -isms, organized skepticism and naïve methodism, that play a significant, if mostly unconscious, role in how scientists tend to think about science, and suggest that increased awareness of these -isms may help dissipate the perceptions of hostility.
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  49.  3
    Skepticism: Cartesian and Kantian.Mahdi Ranaee - 2022 - Dissertation, Universität Potsdam
    This dissertation offers new and original readings of three major texts in the history of Western philosophy: Descartes’s “First Meditation,” Kant’s “Transcendental Deduction,” and his “Refutation of Idealism.” The book argues that each text addresses the problem of skepticism and posits that they have a hitherto underappreciated, organic relationship to one another. The dissertation begins with an analysis of Descartes’ “First Meditation,” which I argue offers two distinct and independent skeptical arguments that differ in both aim and scope. (...)
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  50.  18
    Three Pillars of Skepticism in Classical India: Nagarjuna, Jayarasi, and Sri Harsa.Ethan Mills - 2018 - Lexington Books.
    This book argues that the philosophical history of India contains a tradition of skepticism about philosophy represented most clearly by three figures: Nāgārjuna, Jayarāśi, and Śrī Harṣa. Furthermore, understanding this tradition ought to be an important part of our contemporary metaphilosophical reflections on the purposes and limits of philosophy.
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