Results for 'Skill acquisition'

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  1.  9
    Skill Acquisition: Compilation of Weak-Method Problem Situations.John R. Anderson - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (2):192-210.
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  2.  19
    Skill Acquisition Without Representation.Albert Piacente - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 45 (3):241-258.
    ABSTRACTA paper in two parts, the first is a critique of the commonly held view among both cognitivist and non-cognitivist sport philosophers that conscious mental representation of knowledge that is a necessary condition for skill acquisition. The second is a defense of a necessary causal condition for skill acquisition, a necessary causal condition that is mimetic, physically embodied, and socially embedded. To make my case I rely throughout on a common thought experiment in and beyond the (...)
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  3.  23
    Skill Acquisition in Music Performance: Relations Between Planning and Temporal Control.Carolyn Drake & Caroline Palmer - 2000 - Cognition 74 (1):1-32.
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  4.  23
    Skill Acquisition and the LISP Tutor.John R. Anderson, Frederick G. Conrad & Albert T. Corbett - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (4):467-505.
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  5.  1
    Skill Acquisition Methods Fostering Physical Literacy in Early-Physical Education (SAMPLE-PE): Rationale and Study Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial in 5–6-Year-Old Children From Deprived Areas of North West England. [REVIEW]James R. Rudd, Matteo Crotti, Katie Fitton-Davies, Laura O’Callaghan, Farid Bardid, Till Utesch, Simon Roberts, Lynne M. Boddy, Colum J. Cronin, Zoe Knowles, Jonathan Foulkes, Paula M. Watson, Caterina Pesce, Chris Button, David Revalds Lubans, Tim Buszard, Barbara Walsh & Lawrence Foweather - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  6.  40
    The Models of Skill Acquisition and Expertise Development: A Quick Reference of Summaries.Raman K. Attri - 2018 - Singapore: Speed To Proficiency Research: S2Pro©.
    The book offers condensed summaries of twenty-three major models of skill acquisition and expertise development presented by leading researchers during the last half a century of classic and new research. This book presents new researchers in learning, training, cognitive sciences or education disciplines with a big picture starting point for their literature review journey. The book presents an easy to understand taxonomy of twenty-three models which can give new researchers a good bird’s eye view of existing models and (...)
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  7. Revisiting the Six Stages of Skill Acquisition.B. Scot Rousse & Stuart E. Dreyfus - 2021 - In Teaching and Learning for Adult Skill Acquisition: Applying the Dreyfus & Dreyfus Model in Different Fields. Charlotte, NC, USA: pp. 3-28.
    The acquisition of a new skill usually proceeds through five stages, from novice to expert, with a sixth stage of mastery available for highly motivated performers. In this chapter, we re-state the six stages of the Dreyfus Skill Model, paying new attention to the transitions and interrelations between them. While discussing the fifth stage, expertise, we unpack the claim that, “when things are proceeding normally, experts don’t solve problems and don’t make decisions; they do what normally works” (...)
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  8.  1
    Skill Acquisition and the Loss of Appropriate Technology.Willem H. Vanderburg - 2004 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 24 (3):234-250.
    The five-stage skill-acquisition model developed by Stuart Dreyfus is revisited as an integral part of culture acquisition. This examination sheds light on the role intuitive knowledge plays during the 4th and 5th stages. When modern technology becomes universal and detaches itself from culture, this intuitive knowledge changes. This accounts for the loss of technologies that were socially appropriate and environmentally sustainable.
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  9. A Phenomenology of Skill Acquisition as the Basis for a Merleau-Pontian Nonrepresentational Cognitive Science.Hubert L. Dreyfus - manuscript
  10.  15
    Motor Skill Acquisition and Retention After Somatosensory Electrical Stimulation in Healthy Humans.Menno P. Veldman, Inge Zijdewind, Nicola A. Maffiuletti & Tibor Hortobágyi - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  11.  1
    How to Understand Skill Acquisition in Sport.Vegard Fusche Moe - 2004 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 24 (3):213-224.
    A crucial task for sport research is to understand and explain the processes and conditions underlying skillful motor behavior. One way to account for these processes and conditions is to describe and analyze the distinct stages a learner goes through when acquiring a skill. This article starts by elaborating one of the most dominant conceptualizations of motor skills in sport, namely the information-processing approach to skills, and then it briefly recapitulates Hubert and Stuart Dreyfus’s phenomenology of skill (...). In a second part, these two distinct perspectives of skills are discussed. The discussion progresses in a dialectical way where the author alternately argues for both perspectives. Emerging from this dialectic, the article presents two arguments for why Dreyfus’s phenomenology of skill acquisition is superior to the information-processing approach. (shrink)
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  12.  32
    Applying Aspects of the Expert Performance Approach to Better Understand the Structure of Skill and Mechanisms of Skill Acquisition in Video Games.Walter R. Boot, Anna Sumner, Tyler J. Towne, Paola Rodriguez & K. Anders Ericsson - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (2):413-436.
    Video games are ideal platforms for the study of skill acquisition for a variety of reasons. However, our understanding of the development of skill and the cognitive representations that support skilled performance can be limited by a focus on game scores. We present an alternative approach to the study of skill acquisition in video games based on the tools of the Expert Performance Approach. Our investigation was motivated by a detailed analysis of the behaviors responsible (...)
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  13.  1
    Beyond the Learning Curve: Skill Acquisition and the Construction of Mind.Craig P. Speelman & Kim Kirsner - 2005 - Oxford University Press UK.
    For years now, learning has been at the heart of research within cognitive psychology. How do we acquire new knowledge and new skills? Are the principles underlying skill acquisition unique to learning, or similar to those underlying other behaviours? Is the mental system essentially modular, or is the mental system a simple product of experience, a product that, inevitably, reflects the shape of the external world with all of its specialisms and similarities? This new book takes the view (...)
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  14.  7
    On Skill Acquisition Support by Analogical Rule Abduction.Keita Kinjo, Tomonobu Ozaki, Koichi Furukawa & Makoto Haraguchi - 2014 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 29 (1):188-193.
  15.  1
    Skill Acquisition in Ski Instruction and the Skill Model’s Application to Treating Anorexia Nervosa.Ejgil Jespersen & Liv Duesund - 2004 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 24 (3):225-233.
    The Dreyfus skill model has a wide range of applications to various domains, including sport, nursing, engineering, flying, and so forth. In this article, the authors discuss the skill model in connection with two different research projects concerning ski instruction and treating anorexia nervosa. The latter project has been published but not in relation to the skill model. The skill model may very well be applied to these areas, and the authors conclude that in doing so, (...)
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  16.  25
    Queering Know-How: Clinical Skill Acquisition as Ethical Practice.Cressida J. Heyes & Angela Thachuk - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):331-341.
    Our study of queer women patients and their primary health care providers in Halifax, Nova Scotia, reveals a gap between providers’ theoretical knowledge of “cultural competency” and patients’ experience. Drawing on Patricia Benner’s Dreyfusian model of skill acquisition in nursing, we suggest that the dissonance between the anti-heteronormative principles expressed in interviews and the relative absence of skilled anti-heteronormative clinical practice can be understood as a failure to grasp the field of practice as a whole. Moving from “knowing-that” (...)
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  17.  31
    Unreflective Actions? Complex Motor Skill Acquisition to Enhance Spatial Cognition.David Moreau - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):349-359.
    Cognitive science has recently moved toward action-integrated paradigms to account for some of its most remarkable findings. This novel approach has opened up new venues for the sport sciences. In particular, a large body of literature has investigated the relationship between complex motor practice and cognition, which in the sports domain has mostly concerned the effect of imagery and other forms of mental practice on motor skill acquisition and emotional control. Yet recent evidence indicates that this relationship is (...)
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  18. Integration and Reuse in Cognitive Skill Acquisition.Dario D. Salvucci - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (5):829-860.
    Previous accounts of cognitive skill acquisition have demonstrated how procedural knowledge can be obtained and transformed over time into skilled task performance. This article focuses on a complementary aspect of skill acquisition, namely the integration and reuse of previously known component skills. The article posits that, in addition to mechanisms that proceduralize knowledge into more efficient forms, skill acquisition requires tight integration of newly acquired knowledge and previously learned knowledge. Skill acquisition also (...)
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  19.  27
    Applying Aspects of the Expert Performance Approach to Better Understand the Structure of Skill and Mechanisms of Skill Acquisition in Video Games.Walter R. Boot, Anna Sumner, Tyler J. Towne, Paola Rodriguez & K. Anders Ericsson - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (4).
    Video games are ideal platforms for the study of skill acquisition for a variety of reasons. However, our understanding of the development of skill and the cognitive representations that support skilled performance can be limited by a focus on game scores. We present an alternative approach to the study of skill acquisition in video games based on the tools of the Expert Performance Approach. Our investigation was motivated by a detailed analysis of the behaviors responsible (...)
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  20. Skill Acquisition: Models.Todd R. Johnson, Hongbin Wang & Jiajie Zhang - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  21.  3
    Continual Curiosity-Driven Skill Acquisition From High-Dimensional Video Inputs for Humanoid Robots.Varun Raj Kompella, Marijn Stollenga, Matthew Luciw & Juergen Schmidhuber - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence 247:313-335.
  22.  20
    Unreflective Actions? Complex Motor Skill Acquisition to Enhance Spatial Cognition.Massimiliano Cappuccio - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):349-359.
    Cognitive science has recently moved toward action-integrated paradigms to account for some of its most remarkable findings. This novel approach has opened up new venues for the sport sciences. In particular, a large body of literature has investigated the relationship between complex motor practice and cognition, which in the sports domain has mostly concerned the effect of imagery and other forms of mental practice on motor skill acquisition and emotional control. Yet recent evidence indicates that this relationship is (...)
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  23.  68
    Determinants of Individual Differences During Skill Acquisition: Cognitive Abilities and Information Processing.Phillip L. Ackerman - 1988 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 117 (3):288-318.
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  24.  81
    What Exactly is Acquired During Skill Acquisition?Duarte Araújo & Keith Davids - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (3-4):3-4.
    In this paper we propose that the term skill acquisition, as commonly used in traditional psychology, and the philosophy, education, movement science and performance development literatures, has been biased by an organismic asymmetry. In cognitive and experimental psychology, for example, it refers to the establishment of an internal state or representation of an act which is believed to be acquired as a result of learning and task experience. Here we elucidate an ecological perspective which suggests that the term (...)
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  25.  5
    Flow Experiences During Visuomotor Skill Acquisition Reflect Deviation From a Power-Law Learning Curve, but Not Overall Level of Skill.Benjamin Ultan Cowley, Jussi Palomäki, Tuisku Tammi, Roosa Frantsi, Ville-Pekka Inkilä, Noora Lehtonen, Pasi Pölönen, Juha Vepsäläinen & Otto Lappi - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  26.  18
    Information Reduction During Skill Acquisition: The Influence of Task Instruction.Hilde Haider & Peter A. Frensch - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 5 (2):129.
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  27.  8
    The Ethical Implications of the Five-Stage Skill-Acquisition Model.Stuart E. Dreyfus & Hubert L. Dreyfus - 2004 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 24 (3):251-264.
    We assume that acting ethically is a skill. We then use a phenomenological description of five stages of skill acquisition to argue that an ethics based on principles corresponds to a beginner’s reliance on rules and so is developmentally inferior to an ethics based on expert response that claims that, after long experience, the ethical expert learns to respond appropriately to each unique situation. The skills model thus supports an ethics of situated involvement such as that of (...)
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  28.  3
    The Five-Stage Model of Adult Skill Acquisition.Stuart E. Dreyfus - 2004 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 24 (3):177-181.
    The following is a summary of the author’s five-stage model of adult skill acquisition, developed in collaboration with Hubert L. Dreyfus. An earlier version of this article appeared in chapter 1 of Mind Over Machine: The Power of Human Intuition and Expertise in the Era of the Computer.
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  29.  18
    Using the Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition to Describe and Interpret Skill Acquisition and Clinical Judgment in Nursing Practice and Education.Patricia Benner - 2004 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 24 (3):188-199.
    Three studies using the Dreyfus model of skill acquisition were conducted over a period of 21 years. Nurses with a range of experience and reported skill-fulness were interviewed. Each study used nurses’ narrative accounts of actual clinical situations. A subsample of participants were observed and interviewed at work. These studies extend the understanding of the Dreyfus model to complex, underdetermined, and fast-paced practices. The skill of involvement and the development of moral agency are linked with the (...)
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  30.  7
    Translation Technology Skills Acquisition.Amparo Alcina, Victoria Soler & Joaquín Granell - 2007 - Perspectives 15 (4):230-244.
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  31.  7
    Sport Practitioners as Sport Ecology Designers: How Ecological Dynamics Has Progressively Changed Perceptions of SkillAcquisition” in the Sporting Habitat.Carl T. Woods, Ian McKeown, Martyn Rothwell, Duarte Araújo, Sam Robertson & Keith Davids - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  32.  17
    Cognitive, Perceptual-Speed, and Psychomotor Determinants of Individual Differences During Skill Acquisition.Phillip L. Ackerman & Anna T. Cianciolo - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6 (4):259-290.
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  33.  20
    Modeling Parallelization and Flexibility Improvements in Skill Acquisition: From Dual Tasks to Complex Dynamic Skills.Niels Taatgen - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (3):421-455.
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  34. The Human Skill-Acquisition Model of Stuart Dreyfus: Stemming the Tide of Confusing Our Humanity With Machines.Willem H. Vanderburg - 2004 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 24 (3):175-176.
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  35. Contextual Dependencies During Motor Skill Acquisition-Gone but Not Forgotten.D. L. Wright, C. H. Shea, Y. Li & C. Whitacre - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):479-479.
  36. Computational Models of Skill Acquisition.Stellan Ohlsson - 2008 - In Ron Sun (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 359--395.
     
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  37.  29
    Cognitive and Noncognitive Determinants and Consequences of Complex Skill Acquisition.Phillip L. Ackerman, Ruth Kanfer & Maynard Goff - 1995 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 1 (4):270.
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  38.  15
    Teacher Quality and Student Skill Acquisition. An Analysis Based on PIRLS-2011 Outcomes.Jorge Calero & J. Oriol Escardíbul - 2019 - Tandf: Educational Studies 46 (6):676-692.
    Volume 46, Issue 6, November 2020, Page 676-692.
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  39. Teacher Quality and Student Skill Acquisition. An Analysis Based on PIRLS-2011 Outcomes.Jorge Calero & J. Oriol Escardíbul - 2020 - Educational Studies 46 (6):676-692.
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  40. Top-Down Versus Bottom-Up Learning in Cognitive Skill Acquisition.Ron Sun - unknown
    This paper explores the interaction between implicit and explicit processes during skill learning, in terms of top-down learning (that is, learning that goes from explicit to implicit knowledge) versus bottom-up learning (that is, learning that goes from implicit to explicit knowledge). Instead of studying each type of knowledge (implicit or explicit) in isolation, we stress the interaction between the two types, especially in terms of one type giving rise to the other, and its effects on learning. The work presents (...)
     
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  41. Dreyfus and Deleuze on L’Habitude, Coping, and Trauma in Skill Acquisition.Jack Reynolds - 2006 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 14 (4):539 – 559.
    One of the more important and under-thematized philosophical disputes in contemporary European philosophy pertains to the significance that is given to the inter-related phenomena of habituality, skilful coping, and learning. This paper examines this dispute by focusing on the work of the Merleau-Ponty and Heidegger-inspired phenomenologist Hubert Dreyfus, and contrasting his analyses with those of Gilles Deleuze, particularly in Difference and Repetition. Both Deleuze and Dreyfus pay a lot of attention to learning and coping, while arriving at distinct conclusions about (...)
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  42.  13
    Further Explorations of Perceptual Speed Abilities in the Context of Assessment Methods, Cognitive Abilities, and Individual Differences During Skill Acquisition.Phillip L. Ackerman & Margaret E. Beier - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 13 (4):249-272.
  43.  9
    Analysis of Motor Skill Acquisition in Novice Jugglers by Three-Dimensional Motion Recording and Participants' Verbal Reporting.Jun Ichikawa, Kazuhisa Miwa & Hitoshi Terai - 2015 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 30 (3):585-594.
  44.  7
    Simulation of Skill Acquisition in Sequential Learning of a Computer Game.John Paulin Hansen, Finn Nielsen & Jans Rasmussen - 1995 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 5 (2-4):351-370.
  45.  5
    Comprehension‐Based Skill Acquisition.Stephanie M. Doane, Young Woo Sohn, Danielle S. McNamara & David Adams - 2000 - Cognitive Science 24 (1):1-52.
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  46.  5
    Working Memory and Skill Acquisition: Reply to Halpern.Richard A. Carlson, Boo Hock Khoo, Robin G. Yaure & Walter Schneider - 1990 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 119 (3):333-334.
  47.  14
    Directionality in Distribution and Temporal Structure of Variability in Skill Acquisition.Masaki O. Abe & Dagmar Sternad - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  48.  5
    Conscious Mental Episodes and Skill Acquisition.Richard A. Carlson - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):599-599.
  49.  3
    Expansion and Renormalization of Human Brain Structure During Skill Acquisition.Elisabeth Wenger, Claudio Brozzoli, Ulman Lindenberger & Martin Lövdén - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (12):930-939.
  50.  23
    Dual Learning Processes in Interactive Skill Acquisition.Wai-Tat Fu & John R. Anderson - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 14 (2):179-191.
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