Results for 'Sleep'

867 found
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  1.  3
    Sir William Hamilton : His Work and Influence in Geology.Mark C. W. Sleep - 1969 - Annals of Science 25 (4):319-338.
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  2. The Visiocracy of the Social Security Mobile App in Australia.Lyndal Sleep & Kieran Tranter - forthcoming - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique:1-20.
    This paper examines the forms of life established through the visual governance of the Australian social security mobile app —the Express Plus Centrelink app. It is argued that the app exceeds established accounts of juridical and administrative power. The app involves a seeing that is not public, a responding that is not writing and a de-materialisation of an institution and its disciplinary apparatus. It is argued that the app creates proto-literate subjects that are required to respond to a real-time sequence (...)
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  3.  32
    Substantive Nature of Sleep in Updating the Temporal Conditions Necessary for Inducing Units of Internal Sensations.Kunjumon Vadakkan - 2016 - Sleep Science 9.
    Unlike other organs that operate continuously, such as the heart and kidneys, many of the operations of the nervous system shut down during sleep. The evolutionarily conserved unconscious state of sleep that puts animals at risk from predators indicates that it is an indispensable integral part of systems operation. A reasonable expectation is that any hypothesis for the mechanism of the nervous system functions should be able to provide an explanation for sleep. In this regard, the semblance (...)
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  4. Testing Sleep Consolidation in Skill Learning: A Field Study Using an Online Game.Tom Stafford & Erwin Haasnoot - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (2):485-496.
    Using an observational sample of players of a simple online game, we are able to trace the development of skill in that game. Information on playing time, and player location, allows us to estimate time of day during which practice took place. We compare those whose breaks in practice probably contained a night's sleep and those whose breaks in practice probably did not contain a night's sleep. Our analysis confirms experimental evidence showing a benefit of spacing for skill (...)
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  5. Testing Sleep Consolidation in Skill Learning: A Field Study Using an Online Game.Tom Stafford & Erwin Haasnoot - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (4).
    Using an observational sample of players of a simple online game, we are able to trace the development of skill in that game. Information on playing time, and player location, allows us to estimate time of day during which practice took place. We compare those whose breaks in practice probably contained a night's sleep and those whose breaks in practice probably did not contain a night's sleep. Our analysis confirms experimental evidence showing a benefit of spacing for skill (...)
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  6. Dreaming and Rem Sleep Are Controlled by Different Brain Mechanisms.Mark Solms - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):843-850.
    The paradigmatic assumption that REM sleep is the physiological equivalent of dreaming is in need of fundamental revision. A mounting body of evidence suggests that dreaming and REM sleep are dissociable states, and that dreaming is controlled by forebrain mechanisms. Recent neuropsychological, radiological, and pharmacological findings suggest that the cholinergic brain stem mechanisms that control the REM state can only generate the psychological phenomena of dreaming through the mediation of a second, probably dopaminergic, forebrain mechanism. The latter mechanism (...)
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  7.  20
    A Review of Mentation in Rem and NRem Sleep: “Covert” Rem Sleep as a Possible Reconciliation of Two Opposing Models. [REVIEW]Tore A. Nielsen - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):851-866.
    Numerous studies have replicated the finding of mentation in both rapid eye movement (REM) and nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. However, two different theoretical models have been proposed to account for this finding: (1) a one-generator model, in which mentation is generated by a single set of processes regardless of physiological differences between REM and NREM sleep; and (2) a two-generator model, in which qualitatively different generators produce cognitive activity in the two states. First, research is reviewed demonstrating (...)
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  8.  74
    A Refined Model of Sleep and the Time Course of Memory Formation.Matthew P. Walker - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):51-64.
    Research in the neurosciences continues to provide evidence that sleep plays a role in the processes of learning and memory. There is less of a consensus, however, regarding the precise stages of memory development during which sleep is considered a requirement, simply favorable, or not important. This article begins with an overview of recent studies regarding sleep and learning, predominantly in the procedural memory domain, and is measured against our current understanding of the mechanisms that govern memory (...)
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  9. Dreaming Souls: Sleep, Dreams, and the Evolution of the Conscious Mind.Owen J. Flanagan - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    What, if anything, do dreams tell us about ourselves? What is the relationship between types of sleep and types of dreams? Does dreaming serve any purpose? Or are dreams simply meaningless mental noise--"unmusical fingers wandering over the piano keys"? With expertise in philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience, Owen Flanagan is uniquely qualified to answer these questions. In this groundbreaking work, he provides both an accessible survey of the latest research on sleep and dreams and a compelling new theory about (...)
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  10.  6
    While You Were Sleepwalking: Science and Neurobiology of Sleep Disorders & the Enigma of Legal Responsibility of Violence During Parasomnia.Shreeya Popat & William Winslade - 2015 - Neuroethics 8 (2):203-214.
    In terms of medical science and legal responsibility, the sleep disorder category of parasomnias, chiefly REM sleep behavior disorder and somnambulism, pose an enigmatic dilemma. During an episode of parasomnia, individuals are neither awake nor aware, but their actions appear conscious. As these actions move beyond the innocuous, such as eating and blurting out embarrassing information, and enter the realm of rape and homicide, their degree of importance and relevance increases exponentially. Parasomnias that result in illegal activity, particularly (...)
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  11.  53
    Dreamless Sleep and the Whole of Human Life: An Ontological Exposition.Corey Anton - 2006 - Human Studies 29 (2):181-202.
    This paper explores the meaning of dreamless sleep. First, I consider four reasons why we commonly pass over sleep's ontological significance. Second, I compare and contrast death and sleep to show how each is oriented to questions regarding the possibilities of "being-a-whole." In the third and final part, I explore the meaning and implications of "being-toward-sleep," arguing that human existence emerges atop naturally anonymous corporeality (i.e. living being). In sum, I try to show that we can (...)
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  12.  2
    No Evidence That Sleep Deprivation Effects and the Vigilance Decrement Are Functionally Equivalent: Comment on Veksler and Gunzelmann.M. Altmann Erik - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6).
    Veksler and Gunzelmann make an extraordinary claim, which is that sleep deprivation effects and the vigilance decrement are functionally equivalent. Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence, which is missing from Veksler and Gunzelmann's study. Their behavioral data offer only weak theoretical constraint, and to the extent their modeling exercise supports any position, it is that these two performance impairments involve functionally distinct underlying mechanisms.
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  13.  32
    The Case Against Memory Consolidation in Rem Sleep.Robert P. Vertes & Kathleen E. Eastman - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):867-876.
    We present evidence disputing the hypothesis that memories are processed or consolidated in REM sleep. A review of REM deprivation (REMD) studies in animals shows these reports to be about equally divided in showing that REMD does, or does not, disrupt learning/memory. The studies supporting a relationship between REM sleep and memory have been strongly criticized for the confounding effects of very stressful REM deprivation techniques. The three major classes of antidepressant drugs, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), tricyclic antidepressants (...)
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  14.  42
    Sleep and Dream Suppression Following a Lateral Medullary Infarct: A First-Person Account.J. Allan Hobson - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):377-390.
    Consciousness can be studied only if subjective experience is documented and quantified, yet first-person accounts of the effects of brain injury on conscious experience are as rare as they are potentially useful. This report documents the alterations in waking, sleeping, and dreaming caused by a lateral medullary infarct. Total insomnia and the initial suppression of dreaming was followed by the gradual recovery of both functions. A visual hallucinosis during waking that was associated with the initial period of sleep and (...)
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  15.  43
    Choosing to Sleep.Benjamin Hale & Lauren Hale - 2009 - In Angus Dawson (ed.), The Philosophy of Public Health. Ashgate.
    In this paper we claim that individual subjects do not have so much control over sleep that it is aptly characterized as a personal choice; and that normative implications related to public health and sleep hygiene do not necessarily follow from current findings. It should be true of any empirical study that normative implications do not necessarily follow, but we think that many public health sleep recommendations falsely infer these implications from a flawed explanatory account of the (...)
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  16.  5
    Derridean Blackmail in The Big Sleep : Allegorizing the Unfixable Mirages of Photography, Film and Criticism.Christopher D. Morris - 2015 - Film-Philosophy 19:304-324.
    Recent criticism has already shown that the notoriously unanswered plot questions of The Big Sleep elicit serious philosophical issues, including skepticism about the validity of interpretation itself. The film allegorizes the reason for this questioning in what Derrida calls the "blackmail" of photography--its coercive claim to represent objective truth. Blackmail arising from photography is the main plot premise of The Big Sleep, but it serves as a figure for the "postal" world of signs divorced from referents, finally epitomized (...)
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  17.  10
    Rem Sleep, Early Experience, and the Development of Reproductive Strategies.Patrick McNamara, Jayme Dowdall & Sanford Auerbach - 2002 - Human Nature 13 (4):405-435.
    We hypothesize that rapid eye movement or REM sleep evolved, in part, to mediate sexual/reproductive behaviors and strategies. Because development of sexual and mating strategies depends crucially on early attachment experiences, we further hypothesize that REM functions to mediate attachment processes early in life. Evidence for these hypotheses comes from (1) the correlation of REM variables with both attachment and sexual/reproductive variables; (2) attachment-related and sex-related hormonal release during REM; (3) selective activation during REM of brain sites implicated in (...)
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  18.  9
    Where Have All Our Naps Gone? Or Nathaniel Kleitman, the Consolidation of Sleep, and the Historiography of Emergence.Matthew Wolf‐Meyer - 2013 - Anthropology of Consciousness 24 (2):96-116.
    In this article, I focus on two moments of Nathaniel Kleitman's career, specifically that of his Mammoth Cave experiment in the 1930s and his consultation with the United States military in the 1940s–1950s. My interests in bringing these two moments of Kleitman's career together are to examine the role of nature and the social in his understanding of human sleep and the legacies these have engendered for sleep science and medicine in the present; more specifically, I am interested (...)
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  19.  17
    Philo of Alexandria’s Use of Sleep and Dreaming as Epistemological Metaphors in Relation to Joseph.M. Jason Reddoch - 2011 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 5 (2):283-302.
    Dreams are used figuratively throughout Greek literature to refer to something fleeting and/or unreal. In Plato, this metaphorical language is specifically used to describe an epistemological distinction: the one who has false knowledge or opinion is said to be dreaming while the one who has true knowledge is said to be awake. These figures are also central to Philo of Alexandria's philosophical language in De somniis 1-2 and De Iosepho. Although scholars have documented these epistemological metaphors in Plato and related (...)
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  20.  19
    Sleep and Synaptic Homeostasis.Giulio Tononi & Chiara Cirelli - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):85-85.
    We propose that sleep is linked to synaptic homeostasis. Specifically, we propose that: (1) Wakefulness is associated with synaptic potentiation in cortical circuits; (2) synaptic potentiation is tied to the homeostatic regulation of slow wave activity; (3) slow wave activity is associated with synaptic downscaling; and (4) synaptic downscaling is tied to several beneficial effects of sleep, including performance enhancement.
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  21.  21
    Is Justice Good for Your Sleep? (And Therefore, Good for Your Health?).Benjamin Hale - 2009 - Social Theory and Health 7 (4):354-370.
    In this paper, we present an argument strengthening the view of Norman Daniels, Bruce Kennedy and Ichiro Kawachi that justice is good for one's health. We argue that the pathways through which social factors produce inequalities in sleep more strongly imply a unidirectional and non-voluntary causality than with most other public health issues. Specifically, we argue against the 'voluntarism objection' – an objection that suggests that adverse public health outcomes can be traced back to the free and voluntary choices (...)
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  22.  5
    Taking Care of Business: Self-Help and Sleep Medicine in American Corporate Culture.Megan Brown - 2004 - Journal of Medical Humanities 25 (3):173-187.
    This article argues that corporate management in the United States has expanded its scope beyond office walls and encompasses many aspects of workers' daily lives. One new element of corporate training is the micromanagement of sleep; self-help books, newspaper reports, magazine articles, and consulting firms currently advise workers and supervisors on optimizing productivity by cultivating certain sleep habits. Although consultants and self-help books make specific recommendations about sleep, most medical research is inconclusive about sleep's benefits for (...)
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  23. Cortical Long-Axoned Cells and Putative Interneurons During the Sleep-Waking Cycle.Mircea Steriade - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):465.
  24.  15
    Sleep Deprivation and Sustained Attention Performance: Integrating Mathematical and Cognitive Modeling.Glenn Gunzelmann, Joshua B. Gross, Kevin A. Gluck & David F. Dinges - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (5):880-910.
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  25.  25
    Awareness Modifies the Skill-Learning Benefits of Sleep.Edwin M. Robertson, Alvaro Pascual-Leone & Daniel Z. Press - 2004 - Current Biology 14 (3):208-212.
  26. Deconstructing Dreams: The Spandrels of Sleep.Owen J. Flanagan - 1995 - Journal of Philosophy 92 (1):5-27.
  27.  17
    The Relation of Eye Movements During Sleep to Dream Activity: An Objective Method for the Study of Dreaming.William Dement & Nathaniel Kleitman - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (5):339.
  28.  82
    Current Perspectives on the Function of Sleep.Allan Rechtschaffen - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (3):359-390.
  29. A Model for Madness? Dream Consciousness: Our Understanding of the Neurobiology of Sleep Offers Insight Into Abnormalities in the Waking Brain.Allan Hobson - 2004 - Nature 430 (6995):21.
  30.  4
    Evolving Concepts of Sleep Cycle Generation: From Brain Centers to Neuronal Populations.J. A. Hobson, R. Lydic & H. A. Baghdoyan - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):371.
  31.  16
    Responses to Material Presented During Various Levels of Sleep.Charles W. Simon & William H. Emmons - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (2):89.
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  32.  19
    Effect of Sleep on Memory: III. Controlling for Time-of-Day Effects.Terry R. Barrett & Bruce R. Ekstrand - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):321.
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  33.  32
    Toward a Philosophy of Sleep.Henry W. Johnstone Jr - 1973 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 34 (1):73-81.
    My chief claim is that no one could understand the meaning of either 'consciousness' or 'unconsciousness' unless his consciousness had been interrupted on at least one occasion. I consider various attempts that might be made to teach the meanings of these terms to a person who had never lost consciousness, And I show how these attempts fail. The ideas of consciousness and unconsciousness can occur only to a person in whose experience there has been a gap.
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  34.  14
    Effectiveness of Unattended Ambulatory Sleep Studies for the Diagnosis and Treatment of OSAS.Christian Domingo & Laura Vigil - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (1):26-31.
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  35.  46
    Awareness in Memory: Being Explicit About the Role of Sleep.Jan Born & Ullrich Wagner - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (6):242-244.
  36.  41
    Malcolm and the Criterion of Sleep.Robert L. Caldwell - 1965 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 43 (December):339-352.
  37.  13
    Cerebral States During Sleep, as Studied by Human Brain Potentials.A. L. Loomis, E. N. Harvey & G. A. Hobart - 1937 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (2):127.
  38.  7
    Effects of 24-Hour Sleep Deprivation on Rate of Decrement in a 10-Minute Auditory Reaction Time Task.Hans O. Lisper & Anders Kjellberg - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):287.
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  39.  32
    Sound Sleep and Sound Scepticism.Robert Brown - 1957 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 35 (May):47-53.
  40.  5
    The Retention of Material Presented During Sleep.Bernard H. Fox & Joseph S. Robbin - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (1):75.
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  41.  8
    Differentiation of the Hypnotic Trance From Normal Sleep.M. J. Bass - 1931 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 14 (4):382.
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  42.  21
    Awareness of Time During Sleep.W. Moorcroft & J. Breitenstein - 2000 - Annals of Medicine 32 (4):236-238.
  43.  2
    The Effect of Sleep Prior to Learning.Philip Worchel & Melvin H. Marks - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (5):313.
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  44.  4
    Experiments on the Effects of the Loss of Sleep.H. R. Laslett - 1928 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (5):370.
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  45.  6
    Interaction of Noise with Knowledge of Results and Sleep Deprivation.Robert T. Wilkinson - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (4):332.
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  46.  7
    Interaction of Lack of Sleep with Knowledge of Results, Repeated Testing, and Individual Differences.Robert T. Wilkinson - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (3):263.
  47.  2
    On the Effects of the Loss of Sleep.Thomas Fister Weiskotten - 1925 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 8 (5):363.
  48. Oculomotor Coordination Following REM and Non-REM Sleep Periods.Ralph J. Berger & James M. Walker - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (2):216.
  49.  6
    An Analysis of the Evidence‐Practice Continuum: Is Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Contraindicated?Adam G. Elshaug, John R. Moss, Anne Marie Southcott & Janet E. Hiller - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (1):3-9.
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  50.  5
    The Effect of Sleep Upon Retention.E. A. Graves - 1936 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (3):316.
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