Results for 'Social Choice Theory'

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  1. Social Choice Theory.Christian List - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Social choice theory is the study of collective decision processes and procedures. It is not a single theory, but a cluster of models and results concerning the aggregation of individual inputs (e.g., votes, preferences, judgments, welfare) into collective outputs (e.g., collective decisions, preferences, judgments, welfare). Central questions are: How can a group of individuals choose a winning outcome (e.g., policy, electoral candidate) from a given set of options? What are the properties of different voting systems? When (...)
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  2. Social Choice Theory and Deliberative Democracy: A Reconciliation.Christian List & John Dryzek - 2003 - British Journal of Political Science 33 (1):1-28.
    The two most influential traditions of contemporary theorizing about democracy, social choice theory and deliberative democracy, are generally thought to be at loggerheads, in that the former demonstrates the impossibility, instability or meaninglessness of the rational collective outcomes sought by the latter. We argue that the two traditions can be reconciled. After expounding the central Arrow and Gibbard-Satterthwaite impossibility results, we reassess their implications, identifying the conditions under which meaningful democratic decision making is possible. We argue that (...)
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    Social Choice Theory.Christian List - 2013 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University.
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  4. Social Choice Theory and Deliberative Democracy : A Response to Aldred.John S. Dryzek & Christian List - 2004 - British Journal of Political Science 34 (4):752-758.
    Jonathan Aldred shares our desire to promote a reconciliation between social choice theory and deliberative democracy in the interests of a more comprehensive and compelling account of democracy.1 His comments on some details of our analysis – specifically, our use of Arrow’s conditions of universal domain and independence of irrelevant alternatives – give us an opportunity to clarify our position. His discussion of the independence condition in particular identifies some ambiguity in our exposition, and as such is (...)
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  5.  2
    Population Issues in Social Choice Theory, Welfare Economics, and Ethics.Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert & David J. Donaldson - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents an exploration of the idea of the common or social good, extended so that alternatives with different populations can be ranked. The approach is, in the main, welfarist, basing rankings on the well-being, broadly conceived, of those who are alive. The axiomatic method is employed, and topics investigated include: the measurement of individual well-being, social attitudes toward inequality of well-being, the main classes of population principles, principles that provide incomplete rankings, principles that rank uncertain alternatives, (...)
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  6.  30
    A Primer in Social Choice Theory: Revised Edition.Wulf Gaertner - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    This introductory text explores the theory of social choice. This text is an important starting point for students grappling with the complexities of social choice theory. Rigorous yet accessible, with new chapter exercises, it avoids the use of technical language and provides an up-to-date discussion of this rapidly developing field.
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  7.  21
    Foundations of Social Choice Theory.Peter J. Hammond - 1987 - Mind 96 (383):423-427.
    The essays in this volume, first published in 1986, examine the philosophical foundations of social choice theory. This field, a modern and sophisticated outgrowth of welfare economics, is best known for a series of impossibility theorems, of which the first and most crucial was proved by Kenneth Arrow in 1950. That has often been taken to show the impossibility of democracy as a procedure for making collective decisions. However, this interpretation is challenged by several of the contributors (...)
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  8.  1
    Foundations of Social Choice Theory.Jon Elster & Aanund Hylland - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this volume, first published in 1986, examine the philosophical foundations of social choice theory. This field, a modern and sophisticated outgrowth of welfare economics, is best known for a series of impossibility theorems, of which the first and most crucial was proved by Kenneth Arrow in 1950. That has often been taken to show the impossibility of democracy as a procedure for making collective decisions. However, this interpretation is challenged by several of the contributors (...)
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  9.  8
    Social Choice Theory.Wulf Gaertner - unknown
  10. Social Choice Theory and Constitutional Democracy.William H. Riker - 2003 - In Thomas Christiano (ed.), Philosophy and Democracy: An Anthology. Oxford University Press. pp. 161--194.
  11. On the Role of Language in Social Choice Theory.Marc Pauly - 2008 - Synthese 163 (2):227 - 243.
    Axiomatic characterization results in social choice theory are usually compared either regarding the normative plausibility or regarding the logical strength of the axioms involved. Here, instead, we propose to compare axiomatizations according to the language used for expressing the axioms. In order to carry out such a comparison, we suggest a formalist approach to axiomatization results which uses a restricted formal logical language to express axioms. Axiomatic characterization results in social choice theory then turn (...)
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  12.  5
    Foundations of Social Choice Theory.Peter J. Hammond - 1989 - Ethics 100 (1):190-191.
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  13.  36
    Even-Chance Lotteries in Social Choice Theory.Peter C. Fishburn - 1972 - Theory and Decision 3 (1):18-40.
  14.  97
    Individuals, Groups, Fitness and Utility: Multi-Level Selection Meets Social Choice Theory.Samir Okasha - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):561-584.
    In models of multi-level selection, the property of Darwinian fitness is attributed to entities at more than one level of the biological hierarchy, e.g. individuals and groups. However, the relation between individual and group fitness is a controversial matter. Theorists disagree about whether group fitness should always, or ever, be defined as total (or average) individual fitness. This paper tries to shed light on the issue by drawing on work in social choice theory, and pursuing an analogy (...)
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  15. Theory Choice and Social Choice: Okasha Versus Sen.Jacob Stegenga - 2015 - Mind 124 (493):263-277.
    A platitude that took hold with Kuhn is that there can be several equally good ways of balancing theoretical virtues for theory choice. Okasha recently modelled theory choice using technical apparatus from the domain of social choice: famously, Arrow showed that no method of social choice can jointly satisfy four desiderata, and each of the desiderata in social choice has an analogue in theory choice. Okasha suggested that one (...)
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  16. Theory Choice and Social Choice: Kuhn Versus Arrow.Samir Okasha - 2011 - Mind 120 (477):83-115.
    Kuhn’s famous thesis that there is ‘no unique algorithm’ for choosing between rival scientific theories is analysed using the machinery of social choice theory. It is shown that the problem of theory choice as posed by Kuhn is formally identical to a standard social choice problem. This suggests that analogues of well-known results from the social choice literature, such as Arrow’s impossibility theorem, may apply to theory choice. If an (...)
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  17. Social Choice Theory and the Informational Basis Approach.Kevin Roberts - 2009 - In Christopher W. Morris (ed.), Amartya Sen. Cambridge University Press.
  18. Social Choice Theory: Formalism Infatuation and Policy Making Realities.A. Iannone - 1992 - Epistemologia 15 (2):263-278.
  19. Distributed Cognition: A Perspective From Social Choice Theory.Christian List - 2003 - In M. Albert, D. Schmidtchen & S. Voigt (eds.), Scientific Competition: Theory and Policy, Conferences on New Political Economy. Mohr Siebeck.
    Distributed cognition refers to processes which are (i) cognitive and (ii) distributed across multiple agents or devices rather than performed by a single agent. Distributed cognition has attracted interest in several fields ranging from sociology and law to computer science and the philosophy of science. In this paper, I discuss distributed cognition from a social-choice-theoretic perspective. Drawing on models of judgment aggregation, I address two questions. First, how can we model a group of individuals as a distributed cognitive (...)
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  20.  33
    Rational Choice Theory at the Origin? Forms and Social Factors of “Irrational Choice”.Milan Zafirovski - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (5-6):728-763.
    The paper addresses the ‘rational choice only’ reconstruction, characterization, and interpretation of classical and neoclassical economics. It argues that such a reconstruction is inaccurate failing to do justice to the dual theoretical character of classical/neoclassical economics. The paper instead proposes and shows that the latter involves not only elements of ‘rational choice theory’ but also those of an alternative conception. It identifies various and important ideas, observations, and implications of irrational choice and action within classical/neoclassical economics. (...)
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  21. Theory Choice and Social Choice: Kuhn Vindicated.Michael Morreau - 2015 - Mind 124 (493):239-262.
    In a recent article, Okasha challenges Kuhn’s claim that there is no ‘neutral’ algorithm for theory choice. He argues using Arrow’s ‘impossibility’ theorem that — except under certain favourable conditions concerning the measurability and comparability of theoretical values — there are no theory choice algorithms at all, neutral or otherwise. But Okasha’s argument does not apply to important theory choice problems, among them the case of Copernican and Ptolemaic astronomy that much occupied Kuhn. The (...)
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  22.  15
    Sports Tournaments and Social Choice Theory.Rory Smead - 2019 - Philosophies 4 (2):28-0.
    Sports tournaments provide a procedure for producing a champion and ranking the contestants based on game results. As such, tournaments mirror aggregation methods in social choice theory, where diverse individual preferences are put together to form an overall social preference. This connection allows us a novel way of conceptualizing sports tournaments, their results, and significance. I argue that there are genuine intransitive dominance relationships in sports, that social choice theory provides a framework for (...)
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  23.  70
    Belief Merging, Judgment Aggregation and Some Links with Social Choice Theory.Gabriella Pigozzi - manuscript
    In this paper we explore the relation between three areas: judgment aggregation, belief merging and social choice theory. Judgment aggregation studies how to aggregate individual judgments on logically interconnected propositions into a collective decision on the same propositions. When majority voting is applied to some propositions it may however give a different outcome than majority voting applied to another set of propositions. Starting from this so-called doctrinal paradox, the paper surveys the literature on judgment aggregation, and shows (...)
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  24. Domain Conditions in Social Choice Theory.Wulf Gaertner - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Wulf Gaertner provides a comprehensive account of an important and complex issue within social choice theory: how to establish a social welfare function while restricting the spectrum of individual preferences in a sensible way. Gaertner's starting point is K. J. Arrow's famous 'Impossibility Theorem', which showed that no welfare function could exist if an unrestricted domain of preferences is to be satisfied together with some other appealing conditions. A number of leading economists have tried to provide (...)
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  25. Primer in Social Choice Theory.Wulf Gaertner - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This introductory text explores the theory of social choice. Written as a primer suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduates, this text will act as an important starting point for students grappling with the complexities of social choice theory. Rigorous yet accessible, this primer avoids the use of technical language and provides an up-to-date discussion of this rapidly developing field. This is the first in a series of texts published in association with the LSE.
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  26.  11
    The Birth of Social Choice Theory From the Spirit of Mathematical Logic: Arrow’s Theorem in the Framework of Model Theory.Daniel Eckert & Frederik S. Herzberg - 2018 - Studia Logica 106 (5):893-911.
    Arrow’s axiomatic foundation of social choice theory can be understood as an application of Tarski’s methodology of the deductive sciences—which is closely related to the latter’s foundational contribution to model theory. In this note we show in a model-theoretic framework how Arrow’s use of von Neumann and Morgenstern’s concept of winning coalitions allows to exploit the algebraic structures involved in preference aggregation; this approach entails an alternative indirect ultrafilter proof for Arrow’s dictatorship result. This link also (...)
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    Aggregating Out of Indeterminacy: Social Choice Theory to the Rescue.Brian Kogelmann - 2017 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 16 (2):210-232.
    This article explores public reason liberalism’s indeterminacy problem, a problem that obtains when we admit significant diversity into our justificatory model. The article argues first that Gerald Gaus’s solution to the indeterminacy problem is unsatisfactory and second that, contra Gaus’s concerns, social choice theory is able to solve public reason’s indeterminacy problem. Moreover, social choice theory can do so in a way that avoids the worries raised against Gaus’s solution to the indeterminacy problem as (...)
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  28. Social Choice and Popular Control.Sean Ingham - 2016 - Journal of Theoretical Politics 28 (2):331-349.
    In democracies citizens are supposed to have some control over the general direction of policy. According to a pretheoretical interpretation of this idea, the people have control if elections and other democratic institutions compel officials to do what the people want, or what the majority want. This interpretation of popular control fits uncomfortably with insights from social choice theory; some commentators—Riker, most famously—have argued that these insights should make us abandon the idea of popular rule as traditionally (...)
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  29.  7
    Inductive Reasoning in Social Choice Theory.Fernando Tohmé, Federico Fioravanti & Marcelo Auday - 2019 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 28 (4):551-575.
    The usual procedure in the theory of social choice consists in postulating some desirable properties which an aggregation procedure should verify and derive from them the features of a corresponding social choice function and the outcomes that arise at each possible profile of preferences. In this paper we invert this line of reasoning and try to infer, up from what we call social situations the criteria verified in the implicit aggregation procedure. This inference process, (...)
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  30.  40
    Liberal Utilitarianism. Social Choice Theory and J. S. Mill's Philosophy. Jonathan Riley, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1988, Pp. 398. [REVIEW]Albert Weale - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (2):306.
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    Foundations of Social Choice Theory, Jon Elster and Aanund Hylland, Editors. In Series Studies in Rationality and Social Change, Edited by Jon Elster and Gudmund Hernes. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986, 250 Pages. [REVIEW]Michael Dummett - 1988 - Economics and Philosophy 4 (1):177.
  32.  12
    Book Review:Foundations of Social Choice Theory. Jon Elster, Aanund Hylland. [REVIEW]Peter J. Hammond - 1989 - Ethics 100 (1):190-.
  33.  32
    Population Issues in Social Choice Theory, Welfare Economics, and Ethics, by Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert, and David Donaldson. Cambridge University Press, 2005, VIII+369 Pages. [REVIEW]Ashley Piggins - 2007 - Economics and Philosophy 23 (2):256-260.
  34.  8
    Foundations of Social Choice Theory.Patrick Shaw - 1988 - Philosophical Books 29 (2):126-128.
  35.  9
    A Welfarist Critique of Social Choice Theory: Interpersonal Comparisons in the Theory of Voting.Aki Lehtinen - 2015 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 8 (2):34.
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  36.  26
    Anonymity Conditions in Social Choice Theory.Donald E. Campbell & Peter C. Fishburn - 1980 - Theory and Decision 12 (1):21-39.
  37.  33
    Liberal Utilitarianism: Social Choice Theory and J. S. Mill’s Philosophy.Henry R. West - 1992 - International Studies in Philosophy 24 (1):129-129.
  38.  11
    Liberal Utilitarianism: Social Choice Theory and J. S. Mill’s Philosophy. [REVIEW]Henry R. West - 1992 - International Studies in Philosophy 24 (1):129-129.
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  39. Meanings and Rationality in Social Choice Theory.S. -Ch Kolm - 1995 - In D. Andler (ed.), Facets of Rationality. Sage Publications. pp. 79--103.
     
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  40.  23
    Rational Choice Theory as Social Physics.James Bernard Murphy - 1995 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 9 (1-2):155-174.
    Donald Green and Ian Shapiro discover a curious gulf between the prestige of rational choice approaches and the dearth of solid empirical findings. But we can understand neither the prestige of rational choice theory nor its pathologies unless we see it as a variant of the equilibrium analysis found in physics, economics, and biology. Only such a global perspective on rational choice theory will reveal its core assumptions and the likely shape of its future in (...)
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  41. Mr. Fit, Mr. Simplicity and Mr. Scope: From Social Choice to Theory Choice.Michael Morreau - 2013 - Erkenntnis 79 (Suppl 6):1253-1268.
    An analogue of Arrow’s theorem has been thought to limit the possibilities for multi-criterial theory choice. Here, an example drawn from Toy Science, a model of theories and choice criteria, suggests that it does not. Arrow’s assumption that domains are unrestricted is inappropriate in connection with theory choice in Toy Science. There are, however, variants of Arrow’s theorem that do not require an unrestricted domain. They require instead that domains are, in a technical sense, ‘rich’. (...)
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  42.  12
    Social Choice and Social Theories.Paul Seabright - 1989 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 18 (4):365-387.
  43.  39
    Extensive Social Choice and the Measurement of Group Fitness in Biological Hierarchies.Walter Bossert, Chloe X. Qi & John A. Weymark - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (1):75-98.
    Extensive social choice theory is used to study the problem of measuring group fitness in a two-level biological hierarchy. Both fixed and variable group size are considered. Axioms are identified that imply that the group measure satisfies a form of consequentialism in which group fitness only depends on the viabilities and fecundities of the individuals at the lower level in the hierarchy. This kind of consequentialism can take account of the group fitness advantages of germ-soma specialization, which (...)
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  44.  45
    Social Choice and Normative Population Theory: A Person Affecting Solution to Parfit's Mere Addition Paradox.Clark Wolf - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):263 - 282.
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  45.  52
    Practice and Paradox: A Comment on Social Choice Theory.Mortimer R. Kadish - 1982 - Ethics 93 (4):680-694.
  46. Democratic Deliberation and Social Choice: A Review.Christian List - 2018 - In André Bächtiger, Jane Mansbridge, John Dryzek & Mark Warren (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Deliberative Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    In normative political theory, it is widely accepted that democracy cannot be reduced to voting alone, but that it requires deliberation. In formal social choice theory, by contrast, the study of democracy has focused primarily on the aggregation of individual opinions into collective decisions, typically through voting. While the literature on deliberation has an optimistic flavour, the literature on social choice is more mixed. It is centred around several paradoxes and impossibility results identifying conflicts (...)
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  47.  66
    Social Choice and Individual Capabilities.Mozaffar Qizilbash - 2007 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (2):169-192.
    Amartya Sen has recently suggested that certain issues which arise in the application of the capability approach can be seen in terms of social choice. This article explores certain connections and tensions between Kenneth Arrow's celebrated discussion of social choice and the capability approach while focusing on one central link: pluralism. Given the variety of values people hold, substantive issues which arise in the application of the capability approach can be seen as social choice (...)
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  48. Ethnic Bargains, Group Instability, and Social Choice Theory.Kanchan Chandra - 2001 - Politics and Society 29 (3):337-362.
    This article makes two arguments: first, it argues that theories connecting ethnic group mobilization with democratic bargaining are based, often unwittingly, on primordialist assumptions that bias them toward overestimating the intractability of ethnic group demands. Second, it proposes a synthesis of constructivist approaches to ethnic identity and social choice theory to show how we who study ethnic mobilization might build theories that rely on the more realistic and more powerful assumption of instability in ethnic group boundaries and (...)
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    For an Integrative Theory of Social Behaviour: Theorising with and Beyond Rational Choice Theory.Tibor Rutar - 2019 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 49 (3):298-311.
    Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, EarlyView.
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    Handbook of Rational and Social Choice.Paul Anand, Prasanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume provides an overview of issues arising in work on the foundations of decision theory and social choice. The collection will be of particular value to researchers in economics with interests in utility or welfare, but also to any social scientist or philosopher interested in theories of rationality or group decision-making.
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