Results for 'Social Sciences, general'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  82
    Philosophical Foundations of the Social Sciences: Analyzing Controversies in Social Research.Harold Kincaid - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    This 1996 book defends the prospects for a science of society. It argues that behind the diverse methods of the natural sciences lies a common core of scientific rationality that the social sciences can and sometimes do achieve. It also argues that good social science must be in part about large-scale social structures and processes and thus that methodological individualism is misguided. These theses are supported by a detailed discussion of actual social research, including theories of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   50 citations  
  2. Economic Concepts for the Social Sciences.Todd Sandler - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    The primary purpose of this book is to present some of the key economic concepts that have guided economic thinking in the last century and to identify which of these concepts will continue to direct economic thought in the coming decades. This book is written in an accessible manner and is intended for a wide audience with little or no formal training in economics. It should also interest economists who want to reflect on the direction of the discipline and to (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  3.  21
    Ideology, Social Science and General Facts in Late Eighteenth-Century French Political Thought.Michael Sonenscher - 2009 - History of European Ideas 35 (1):24-37.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau's attack on the natural jurisprudence of Grotius, Hobbes and Pufendorf is well known. But what happened to modern natural jurisprudence after Rousseau not very well known. The aim of this article is to try to show how and why it turned into what Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès called “social science” and the bearing that this Rousseau-inspired transformation has on making sense of ideology, or the moral and political thought of the late eighteenth-century French ideologues.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  8
    The Three Cultures: Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, and the Humanities in the 21st Century.Jerome Kagan - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    In 1959 C. P. Snow delivered his now-famous Rede Lecture, 'The Two Cultures,' a reflection on the academy based on the premise that intellectual life was divided into two cultures: the arts and humanities on one side and science on the other. Since then, a third culture, generally termed 'social science' and comprised of fields such as sociology, political science, economics, and psychology, has emerged. Jerome Kagan's book describes the assumptions, vocabulary, and contributions of each of these cultures and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  5.  58
    On the Scope and Limits of Generalizations in the Social Sciences.Daniel Little - 1993 - Synthese 97 (2):183 - 207.
    This article disputes the common view that social science explanations depend on discovery of lawlike generalizations from which descriptions of social outcomes can be derived. It distinguishes between governing and phenomenal regularities, and argues that social regularities are phenomenal rather than governing. In place of nomological deductive arguments, the article maintains that social explanations depend on the discovery of causal mechanisms underlying various social processes. The metaphysical correlate of this argument is that there are no (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  6.  77
    Why Social Science is Biological Science.Alex Rosenberg - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (3):341-369.
    The social sciences need to take seriously their status as divisions of biology. As such they need to recognize the central role of Darwinian processes in all the phenomena they seek to explain. An argument for this claim is formulated in terms of a small number of relatively precise premises that focus on the nature of the kinds and taxonomies of all the social sciences. The analytical taxonomies of all the social sciences are shown to require a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7.  78
    Social Science as a Guide to Social Metaphysics?Katherine Hawley - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (2):187-198.
    If we are sympathetic to the project of naturalising metaphysics, how should we approach the metaphysics of the social world? What role can the social sciences play in metaphysical investigation? In the light of these questions, this paper examines three possible approaches to social metaphysics: inference to the best explanation from current social science, conceptual analysis, and Haslanger-inspired ameliorative projects.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  8.  58
    Ethics and Social Science: Which Kind of Co-Operation? [REVIEW]Dieter Birnbacher - 1999 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (4):319-336.
    The relation between ethics and social science is often conceived as complementary, both disciplines cooperating in the solution of concrete moral problems. Against this, the paper argues that not only applied ethics but even certain parts of general ethics have to incorporate sociological and psychological data and theories from the start. Applied ethics depends on social science in order to asses the impact of its own principles on the concrete realities which these principles are to regulate as (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   52 citations  
  9. Generalization: Conceptions in the Social Sciences.T. D. Cook - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 6037--43.
  10.  14
    The Generality of Theory and the Specificity of Social Behavior: Contrasting Experimental and Hermeneutic Social Science.Edwin E. Gantt, Jeffrey P. Lindstrom & Richard N. Williams - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (4).
    Since its inception, experimental social psychology has arguably been of two minds about the nature and role of theory. Contemporary social psychology's experimental approach has been strongly informed by the “nomological-deductive” approach of Carl Hempel in tandem with the “hypothetico-deducive” approach of Karl Popper. Social psychology's commitment to this hybrid model of science has produced at least two serious obstacles to more fruitful theorizing about human experience: the problem of situational specificity, and the manifest impossibility of formulating (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  11.  1
    A General Systems Philosophy for the Social and Behavioral Sciences.John W. Sutherland - 1973 - New York: Braziller.
  12.  20
    The Generality of Theory and the Specificity of Social Behavior: Contrasting Experimental and Hermeneutic Social Science.Edwin E. Gantt, Jeffrey P. Lindstrom & Richard N. Williams - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (2):130-153.
    Since its inception, experimental social psychology has arguably been of two minds about the nature and role of theory. Contemporary social psychology's experimental approach has been strongly informed by the “nomological-deductive” approach of Carl Hempel in tandem with the “hypothetico-deducive” approach of Karl Popper. Social psychology's commitment to this hybrid model of science has produced at least two serious obstacles to more fruitful theorizing about human experience: the problem of situational specificity, and the manifest impossibility of formulating (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13.  81
    Method, Social Science, and Social Hope.Richard Rorty - 1981 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (4):569 - 588.
    Galileo and his fellowers discovered, and subsequent centuries have amply confirmed, that you get much better predictions by thinking of things as masses of particles blindly bumping each other than by thinking of them as Aristotle thought of them — animistically, teleologically, anthromorphically. They also discovered that you get a better handle on the universe by thinking of it as infinite and cold and comfortless than by thinking of it as finite, homey, planned, and relevant to human concerns. Finally, they (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  14.  6
    Social Sciences and Society in Chile: Institutionalization, Breakdown and Rebirth.Manuel Antonio Garretón - 2005 - Social Science Information 44 (2-3):359-409.
    Social sciences emerged in Chile during the mid-1950s in a context of social transformations that marked their foundation and consolidation as scientific disciplines. This article deals with the general background of the installation of these disciplines, particularly sociology, their later consolidation and the subsequent process of dismantling and re-composition, from the point of view of their institutionalization and internationalization. Like all research, this is a partial perspective, nurtured with the views of the generation that followed the foundational (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  15.  28
    Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science.David-Hillel Ruben & Daniel Little - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (1):120.
  16. Philosophy of Social Science.David Michael Levin - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (4):566.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  37
    Social Science as the Idea: Peter Winch and Wittgenstein’s Heritage.Michal Sládecek - 2010 - Filozofija I Društvo 21 (3):145-162.
    The text presented a short overview of Winch’s account of the social sciences as inseparable from philosophical, that is, conceptual investigations and Witt­genstein’s influence this argument. The author points to several critical remarks regarding Winch’s subjectivism and relativism caused by the insufficient elaboration and over generalizations which can be found in Winch’s early texts, and which were the object of his own self-criticism later on. Alongside the received view of the importance of Wittgenstein’s concepts of language-games, forms of life (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  19
    The Idea of a Social Science and its Relation to Philosophy.Leon J. Goldstein - 1960 - Philosophical Review 69 (3):411.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   158 citations  
  19. Descriptive-Causal Generalizations : "Empirical Laws" in the Social Sciences?Gary Goertz - 2012 - In Harold Kincaid (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science. Oxford University Press.
  20. Ethics, the Social Sciences, and Policy Analysis.Daniel Callahan, Sidney Callahan, Bruce Jennings & Director of Bioethics Bruce Jennings - 1983 - Springer.
    The social sciences playa variety of multifaceted roles in the policymaking process. So varied are these roles, indeed, that it is futile to talk in the singular about the use of social science in policymaking, as if there were one constant relationship between two fixed and stable entities. Instead, to address this issue sensibly one must talk in the plural about uses of dif ferent modes of social scientific inquiry for different kinds of policies under various circumstances. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  21.  26
    Evolutionary Social Science Beyond Culture.Harold Kincaid - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):356-356.
    Mesoudi et al.'s case can be improved by expanding to compelling selectionist explanations elsewhere in the social sciences and by seeing that natural selection is an instance of general selectionist process. Obstacles include the common use of extreme idealizations and optimality evidence, the copresence of nonselectionist social processes, and the fact that selectionist explanations often presuppose other kinds of social explanations. (Published Online November 9 2006).
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  22.  34
    It is Not Evolutionary Models, but Models in General That Social Science Needs.Bruce Bridgeman - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):351-352.
    Mathematical models are potentially as useful for culture as for evolution, but cultural models must have different designs from genetic models. Social sciences must borrow from biology the idea of modeling, rather than the structure of models, because copying the product is fundamentally different from copying the design. Transfer of most cultural information from brains to artificial media increases the differences between cultural and biological information. (Published Online November 9 2006).
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  23.  75
    Why the Social Sciences Are Irreducible.Tobias Hansson Wahlberg - 2019 - Synthese 196 (12):4961-4987.
    It is often claimed that the social sciences cannot be reduced to a lower-level individualistic science. The standard argument for this position is the Fodorian multiple realizability argument. Its defenders endorse token–token identities between “higher-level” social objects and pluralities/sums of “lower-level” individuals, but they maintain that the properties expressed by social science predicates are often multiply realizable, entailing that type–type identities between social and individualistic properties are ruled out. In this paper I argue that the multiple (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24.  10
    AI and the Social Sciences: Why All Variables Are Not Created Equal.Catherine Greene - 2022 - Res Publica 1:1-17.
    This article argues that it is far from trivial to convert social science concepts into accurate categories on which algorithms work best. The literature raises this concern in a general way; for example, Deeks notes that legal concepts, such as proportionality, cannot be easily converted into code noting that ‘The meaning and application of these concepts is hotly debated, even among lawyers who share common vocabularies and experiences’ (Deeks in Va Law Rev 104, pp. 1529–1593, 2018). The example (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  16
    IV. Does a Generalized Heisenberg Principle Operate in the Social Sciences?Garrison Sposito - 1969 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 12 (1-4):356-361.
    It is argued that a generalization of Heisenberg's principle of indeterminacy is possible in the social sciences. The empirical grounds for this contention lie with interference phenomena induced by transference distortions that may occur when human beings investigate the behaviour of one another.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  18
    Social Science and Social Engineering.Philip M. Hauser - 1949 - Philosophy of Science 16 (3):209-218.
    There should be no disagreement with the proposal for research into the role of applied social science in the formation of policy. The relation between social science and the formation of social policy and social action is, in fact, one of the more important areas of study in the general field of social control. The outline for research prepared by Mr. Merton constitutes a good framework for the investigation of important aspects of the relationship (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Philosophies of Social Science: The Classic and Contemporary Readings.Gerard Delanty & Piet Strydom (eds.) - 2003 - Open University.
    “This book will certainly prove to be a useful resource and reference point … a good addition to anyone’s bookshelf.” Network "This is a superb collection, expertly presented. The overall conception seems splendid, giving an excellent sense of the issues... The selection and length of the readings is admirably judged, with both the classic texts and the few unpublished pieces making just the right points." William Outhwaite, Professor of Sociology, University of Sussex "... an indispensable book for all of us (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  28.  25
    Understanding Social Science.Finn Collin - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (2):410-411.
    In this book, Roger Trigg manages within a brief space to encompass most of the problems that have occupied philosophers of social science recently. The book reflects the shift in interests away from such traditional debates as that concerning reasons versus causes and to such topics as the nature of social reality, the understanding of other cultures, rationality, and the "strong programme" in the sociology of knowledge.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. J. M. Keynes's Position on the General Applicability of Mathematical, Logical and Statistical Methods in Economics and Social Science.Michael Emmett Brady - 1988 - Synthese 76 (1):1 - 24.
    The author finds no support for the claim that J. M. Keynes had severe reservations, in general, as opposed to particular, concerning the application of mathematical, logical and statistical methods in economics. These misinterpretations rest on the omission of important source material as well as a severe misconstrual ofThe Treatise on Probability (1921).
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. The General Etiology as a Methodological Discipline of the Marxist-Leninist Social-Sciences.J. Khol - 1982 - Filosoficky Casopis 30 (6):848-864.
  31.  41
    Hermeneutics, Transcendental Philosophy and Social Science.Mark B. Okrent - 1984 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 27 (1-4):23 – 49.
    It has frequently been argued that there must be a necessary and important difference between the methods of the natural and social sciences, or that an empirical method in social science must be supplemented by or is inferior to an interpretative method. Often these claims have been supported by arguments using premises derived from the early Heidegger or the late Wittgenstein. These arguments, in turn, tend either to be transcendental in form or to follow a hermeneutic argument strategy. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  32.  29
    The Role and Limitations of Rationalizing Explanation in the Social Sciences.David K. Henderson - 1989 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 19 (2):267 - 287.
  33. Social Science Principles in the Light of Scientific Method. [REVIEW]Henry J. Bittermann - 1942 - Philosophical Review 51 (5):522-523.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  7
    Laws in the Social Sciences.Catherine Greene - 2017 - Dissertation, London School of Economics and Political Science
    The social sciences are often thought to be inferior to the natural sciences because they do not have laws. Bohman writes that “the social sciences have never achieved much in the way of predictive general laws—the hallmark of naturalistic knowledge—and so have often been denied the honorific status of ‘sciences’” (1994, pg. vii). Philosophers have suggested a number of reasons for the dearth of laws in the social sciences, including the frequent use of ceteris paribus conditions (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. General Laws and Historical Generalizations in the Social Sciences.Stefan Nowak - 2009 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 97 (1):311-325.
  36.  11
    The Social Sciences and Their Interrelations.G. E. G. Catlin - 1929 - Philosophical Review 38 (5):495-497.
  37.  15
    Committed History and Philosophy of the Social Sciences in the Two Germanies.William R. Woodward - 1985 - History of Science 23 (1):25-72.
    The question of the social commitment of the sociologist, and the scientist in general, has become a burning issue facing the sociology of East and West alike, — though it may take different forms., Marxism, communism, and Western society, vol. viii, p. 46.).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  10
    Philosophy of Social Science.Alan Ross Anderson & Richard S. Rudner - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (3):378.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  39.  4
    Information Storage and Retrieval in the Social Sciences: An Outline of Two Systems Syntol and the General Inquirer.F. Lévy - 1965 - Social Science Information 4 (3):151-177.
  40.  5
    Reiser Oliver L.. Symbolic Logic and the Frontiers of Social Science. Psyche, An Annual of General and Linguistic Psychology, Vol. 16 , Pp. 138–149. [REVIEW]Charles A. Baylis - 1937 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 2 (4):171-171.
  41.  4
    Generalization in the Writing of History: A Report of the Committee on Historical Analysis of the Social Science Research Council.Patrick Gardiner - 1965 - History and Theory 4 (3):349.
  42.  6
    The Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Robert C. Stalnaker - 1973 - Philosophical Review 82 (1):126.
  43.  11
    Action Theory and Social Science: Some Format Models.Terence Horgan - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (2):308.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  44.  56
    Causal Explanation in the Social Sciences.Daniel Little - 1996 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (S1):31-56.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  45.  21
    Art, Science and Social Science in Nursing: Occupational Origins and Disciplinary Identity.Anne Marie Rafferty - 1995 - Nursing Inquiry 2 (3):141-148.
    This paper forms part of a wider study examining the history and sociology of nursing education in England between 1860 and 1948. It argues that the question of whether nursing was an art, science and/or social science has been at die ‘heart’ of a wider debate on die occupational status and disciplinary identity of nursing. The view that nursing was essentially an art and a ‘calling’, was championed by Florence Nightingale. Ethel Bedford Fenwick and her allies insisted that nursing, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46. Agent-Based Modeling: The Right Mathematics for the Social Sciences?Paul L. Borrill & Leigh Tesfatsion - 2011 - In J. B. Davis & D. W. Hands (eds.), Elgar Companion to Recent Economic Methodology. Edward Elgar Publishers. pp. 228.
    This study provides a basic introduction to agent-based modeling (ABM) as a powerful blend of classical and constructive mathematics, with a primary focus on its applicability for social science research. The typical goals of ABM social science researchers are discussed along with the culture-dish nature of their computer experiments. The applicability of ABM for science more generally is also considered, with special attention to physics. Finally, two distinct types of ABM applications are summarized in order to illustrate concretely (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  47. The Cambridge History of Science: The Modern Social Sciences.Theodore M. Porter & Dorothy Ross - 2003 - History of Science 7.
    Forty-two essays by authors from five continents and many disciplines provide a synthetic account of the history of the social sciences-including behavioral and economic sciences since the late eighteenth century. The authors emphasize the cultural and intellectual preconditions of social science, and its contested but important role in the history of the modern world. While there are many historical books on particular disciplines, there are very few about the social sciences generally, and none that deal with so (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  48.  9
    Literature, Philosophy and the Social Sciences. [REVIEW]G. E. W. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (3):588-589.
    The essays in this collection fall into three groups: the first dealing with phenomenological methods and discussions, the second with applications in the field of literature, the third with applications in the social sciences. The quality and seriousness of the essays is quite uneven. The essays in the first group fail to go beyond a fairly uncritical reading of Husserl, especially in treating the reduction of the natural viewpoint. The crucial failures there effect the second and third sections. Especially (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  1
    General and Social Psychology: A Textbook for Students of Economics and of Social Sciences. [REVIEW]C. A. Gibb - 1940 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):159.
  50. Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization.John R. Searle (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    The purpose of this book -- Intentionality -- Collective intentionality and the assignment of function -- Language as biological and social -- The general theory of institutions and institutional facts: -- Language and social reality -- Free will, rationality, and institutional facts -- Power : deontic, background, political, and other -- Human rights -- Concluding remarks : the ontological foundations of the social sciences.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   222 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000