Results for 'Social institutions'

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  1.  70
    The Moral Foundations of Social Institutions: A Philosophical Study.Seumas Miller - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Seumas Miller examines the moral foundations of contemporary social institutions. Offering an original general theory of social institutions, he posits that all social institutions exist to realize various collective ends, indeed, to produce collective goods. He analyses key concepts such as collective responsibility and institutional corruption. Miller also provides distinctive special theories of particular institutions, including governments, welfare agencies, universities, police organizations, business corporations, and communications and information technology entities. These (...)
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  2. Explaining Universal Social Institutions: A Game-Theoretic Approach.Michael Vlerick - 2016 - Topoi 35 (1):291-300.
    Universal social institutions, such as marriage, commons management and property, have emerged independently in radically different cultures. This requires explanation. As Boyer and Petersen point out ‘in a purely localist framework would have to constitute massively improbable coincidences’ . According to Boyer and Petersen, those institutions emerged naturally out of genetically wired behavioural dispositions, such as marriage out of mating strategies and borders out of territorial behaviour. While I agree with Boyer and Petersen that ‘unnatural’ institutions (...)
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  3.  60
    Social Institutions.Seumas Miller - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  4.  4
    The Economic Theory of Social Institutions.Andrew Schotter - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book uses game theory to analyse the creation, evolution and function of economic and social institutions. The author illustrates his analysis by describing the organic or unplanned evolution of institutions such as the conventions of war, the use of money, property rights and oligopolistic pricing conventions. Professor Schotter begins by linking his work with the ideas of the philosophers Rawls, Nozick and Lewis. Institutions are regarded as regularities in the behaviour of social agents, which (...)
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  5.  11
    Self, Identity, and Social Institutions.Neil Joseph MacKinnon - 2010 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Introduction -- Cultural theories of people -- Identities in standard English -- Language and social institutions -- The cultural self -- The self's identities -- Theories of identities and selves -- Theories of norms and institutions -- Social reality and human subjectivity.
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  6. Collective Acceptance, Social Institutions, and Social Reality.Raimo Tuomela - manuscript
    The paper presents an account of social institutions on the basis of collective acceptance. Basically, collective acceptance by some members of a group involves the members’ collectively coming to hold and holding a relevant social attitude (a “we-attitude”), viz. either one in the intention family of concepts or one in the belief family. In standard cases the collective acceptance must be in the “we-mode”, viz. performed as a group member, and involve that it be meant for the (...)
     
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  7.  72
    Minds as Social Institutions.Cristiano Castelfranchi - 2014 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13 (1):121-143.
    I will first discuss how social interactions organize, coordinate, and specialize as “artifacts,” tools; how these tools are not only for coordination but for achieving something, for some outcome (goal/function), for a collective work. In particular, I will argue that these artifacts specify (predict and prescribe) the mental contents of the participants, both in terms of beliefs and acceptances and in terms of motives and plans. We have to revise the behavioristic view of “scripts” and “roles”; when we play (...)
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  8.  12
    Systemic Domination, Social Institutions and the Coalition Problem.Hallvard Sandven - 2020 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 19 (4):382-402.
    This article argues for a systemic conception of freedom as non-domination. It does so by engaging with the debate on the so-called coalition problem. The coalition problem arises because non-domination holds that groups can be agents of power, while also insisting that freedom be robust. Consequently, it seems to entail that everyone is in a constant state of domination at the hands of potential groups. However, the problem can be dissolved by rejecting a ‘strict possibility’ standard for interpreting non-domination’s robustness (...)
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  9.  50
    Compensatory Justice and Social Institutions.Joseph H. Carens - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (1):39-.
    Moral philosophers are fond of the dictum “ought implies can” and even deontologists normally admit the need to take account of consequences in the design of social institutions. Too often, however, philosophers fail to take advantage of the knowledge provided by the social sciences about the constraints and consequences of alternative forms of social organization. By discussing ideals in abstraction from the problems of institutionalization, they fail at least to see some of the important consequences and (...)
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  10.  72
    Just Social Institutions and the Right to Health Care.Robert M. Veatch - 1979 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 4 (2):170-173.
  11.  36
    Responsible Belief and Our Social Institutions.René van Woudenberg - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (1):47 - 73.
    The idea that we can properly be held responsible for what we believe underlies large stretches of our social and institutional life; without that idea in place, social and institutional life would be unthinkable, and more importantly, it would stumble and fall. At the same time, philosophers have argued that this idea is strange, puzzling, beyond belief, false, meaningless or at any rate defective. The first section develops the alleged problem. The burden of this paper, however, is not (...)
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  12.  51
    Vulnerabilities Compounded by Social Institutions.Laura Guidry-Grimes & Elizabeth Victor - 2012 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (2):126-146.
    How can social institutions complicate and worsen vulnerabilities of particular individuals or groups? We begin by explicating how certain diagnoses within mental health and medicine operate as interactive kinds of labels and how such labels can create institutional barriers that hinder one's capacity to achieve wellbeing. Interactive-kind modeling is a conceptual tool that elucidates the ways in which labeling can signal to others how the labeled person ought to be treated, how such labeling comes about and is perceived, (...)
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  13. Epistemic Justice as a Virtue of Social Institutions.Elizabeth Anderson - 2012 - Social Epistemology 26 (2):163-173.
    In Epistemic injustice, Miranda Fricker makes a tremendous contribution to theorizing the intersection of social epistemology with theories of justice. Theories of justice often take as their object of assessment either interpersonal transactions (specific exchanges between persons) or particular institutions. They may also take a more comprehensive perspective in assessing systems of institutions. This systemic perspective may enable control of the cumulative effects of millions of individual transactions that cannot be controlled at the individual or institutional levels. (...)
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  14.  13
    Compensatory Justice and Social Institutions: Joseph H. Carens.Joseph H. Carens - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (1):39-67.
    Moral philosophers are fond of the dictum “ought implies can” and even deontologists normally admit the need to take account of consequences in the design of social institutions. Too often, however, philosophers fail to take advantage of the knowledge provided by the social sciences about the constraints and consequences of alternative forms of social organization. By discussing ideals in abstraction from the problems of institutionalization, they fail at least to see some of the important consequences and (...)
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  15. Radical Imagination and the Social Instituting Imaginary.Castoriadis Cornelius - 1994 - In Gillian Robinson & John F. Rundell (eds.), Rethinking Imagination: Culture and Creativity. Routledge. pp. 136--54.
     
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  16.  2
    Morality, Governance, and Social Institutions: Reflections on Russell Hardin.Thomas Christiano, Ingrid Creppell & Jack Knight (eds.) - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
    This book reflects on the research and career of political theorist Russell Hardin from scholars of Political Science, Philosophy, Sociology, Economics, and Law, among other disciplines. Contributions address core issues of political theory as perceived by Hardin, starting with his insistence that many of the basic institutions of modern society and their formative historical beginnings can be understood as proceeding primarily from the self-interested motives of the participants. Many of the contributions in this volume struggle with the constraints imposed (...)
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  17. We-Attitudes and Social Institutions.Petri Ylikoski & Pekka Mäkelä - 2002 - In Georg Meggle (ed.), Social Facts and Collective Intentionality. Philosophische Forschung / Philosophical research. Dr. Hänsel-Hohenhausen.
  18.  9
    Public Companies as Social Institutions.Janice Dean - 2001 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 10 (4):302–310.
    Many UK public companies invest considerable resources in charitable donations and community involvement. Using semi‐structured interviews with public company officers, the author sought to investigate the motivations behind this activity. Was it undertaken because of an expectation of commercial benefit, out of a sense of obligation, or for other reasons? It appeared that public companies were increasingly anxious to make connections between corporate activity in the community and business activities. Public companies linked with local communities clearly felt a sense of (...)
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  19.  38
    Searle on Social Institutions.Raimo Tuomela - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):435-441.
  20.  33
    Social Justice and Social Institutions.Hugo Adam Bedau - 1978 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 3 (1):159-175.
  21. Gene–Culture Coevolution and the Evolution of Social Institutions.Robert Boyd & Peter J. Richerson - unknown
    Social institutions are the laws, informal rules, and conventions that give durable structure to social interactions within a population. Such institutions are typically not designed consciously, are heritable at the population level, are frequently but not always group benefi cial, and are often symbolically marked. Conceptualizing social institutions as one of multiple possible stable cultural equilibrium allows a straightforward explanation of their properties. The evolution of institutions is partly driven by both the deliberate (...)
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  22.  42
    Searle on Social Institutions: A Critique.Wolfgang Balzer - 2002 - Dialectica 56 (3):195–211.
    The dominant “harmonious” notion of a social institution used by Searle in the discussion of social facts is critically reconsidered. It is argued that an essential ingredient is missing from this notion, namely the harming feature of power. The harmonious view treats power as an important part of social institutions, but takes into account only its beneficial side. This led to a thoroughly positive notion of social institutions which makes us blind to the harm (...)
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  23. Social Institutions and the Politics of Recognition: From the Reformation to the French Revolution.Anthony Burns - 2020 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This book considers what a number of theorists have said about the politics of social institutions, from the time of the Reformation to the French Revolution.
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  24.  37
    How Social Institutions Can Imitate Nature.Corrado Roversi - 2016 - Topoi 35 (1):327-338.
    The opposition between nature and culture has always been paradigmatic in the philosophy of society, and in this sense it is certainly striking that, in contemporary theories of collective acceptance in social ontology—theories which actually entail the presence of individual mental content in the form of beliefs—the shaping role of culture has not found significant recognition. However, it cannot but be trivially true that cultural presuppositions play a role in the maintenance and development of beliefs on rules and other (...)
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  25.  37
    Conventions and Social Institutions.Paul Weirich - 1989 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):599-618.
    This essay examines views of convention advanced by David Lewis and Margaret Gilbert.
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  26.  97
    Social Institution, Cognition, and Survival: A Cognitive–Social Simulation.Ron Sun & Isaac Naveh - 2007 - Mind and Society 6 (2):115-142.
    Although computational models of cognitive agents that incorporate a wide range of cognitive functionalities have been developed in cognitive science, most of the work in social simulation still assumes rudimentary cognition on the part of the agents. In contrast, in this work, the interaction of cognition and social structures/processes is explored, through simulating survival strategies of tribal societies. The results of the simulation demonstrate interactions between cognitive and social factors. For example, we show that cognitive capabilities and (...)
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  27.  8
    The Social Institution of Discursive Norms: Historical, Naturalistic, and Pragmatic Perspectives.Leo Townsend, Preston Stovall & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.) - 2021 - Routledge.
    The essays in this collection explore the idea that discursive norms--the norms governing our thought and talk--are profoundly social. Not only do these norms govern and structure of social interactions, but they are sustained by a variety of social and institutional structures. The chapters are divided into three thematic sections. The first offers historical perspectives on discursive norms, including a chapter by Robert Brandom on the way Hegel transformed Kant's normativist approach to representation by adding both a (...)
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  28.  10
    Searle on Social Institutions: A Critique.Wolfgang Balzer - 2002 - Dialectica 56 (3):195-211.
    The dominant “harmonious” notion of a social institution used by Searle in the discussion of social facts is critically reconsidered. It is argued that an essential ingredient is missing from this notion, namely the harming feature of power. The harmonious view treats power as an important part of social institutions, but takes into account only its beneficial side. This led to a thoroughly positive notion of social institutions which makes us blind to the harm (...)
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  29.  53
    Art as a Social Institution: Dickie's New Definition.Richard J. Sclafani - 1973 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 32 (1):111-114.
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  30.  65
    Real World Justice: Grounds, Principles, Human Rights, and Social Institutions.Andreas Follesdal & Thomas Pogge (eds.) - 2005 - Springer.
    It helps ordinary citizens evaluate their options and their responsibility for global institutional factors, and it challenges social scientists to address the causes of poverty and hunger that act across borders.The present volume ...
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  31. Social Institution and Processes: A Sociological Dominant.I. V. Petrova & A. V. Labudin - 2018 - Дискурс 4 (5):74-85.
    The research format of the open state-social-personal system presents the results of the analysis of higher education conditions for the socialization of students. The definition of the important role of the spatial factor - research sociological education reveals the need to introduce a multifunctional management mechanism of the educational subsystem of society. The project features sociological intervention of processes at all levels of the system, which provides functional flexibility and gives focus on the goal-attainment. The possibility of introducing sociological (...)
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  32.  29
    Searle on Social Institutions.Review author[S.]: Raimo Tuomela - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):435-441.
  33.  73
    Philosophy, Social Institutions, and the Ethics of Belief: A Response to Buchanan.Alan Carter - 2009 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (3):299-306.
    abstract First, Allen Buchanan, in the version of his paper entitled 'Philosophy and public policy: a role for social moral epistemology' that he presented at the workshop on 'Philosophy and Public Policy' held at the British Academy in London on March 8 th 2008, seems to imply that professional, academic philosophers have had little impact upon public policy. I mention an area where it can be argued in response that they have had a more benign, as well as a (...)
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  34.  53
    Three Problems with Contractarian-Consequentialist Ways of Assessing Social Institutions*: THOMAS W. POGGE.Thomas W. Pogge - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):241-266.
    With each of our three criminal-law topics—defining offenses, apprehending suspects, and establishing punishments—we feel, I believe, strong moral resistance to the idea that our practices should be settled by a prospective-participant perspective. This becomes quite clear when we look at how the “reforms” suggested by institutional viewing might combine once we consider all three topics together: imagine a more extensive and swifter use of the death penalty in homicide cases coupled with somewhat lower standards of evidence; or think of backing (...)
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  35.  8
    Social Institutions.Denton J. Snider - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12 (1):75-80.
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  36. Social Institutions[REVIEW]F. C. French - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12 (1):75-80.
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  37.  37
    Do Social Institutions Require Collective Acceptance?: Mattia Gallotti and John Michael : Perspectives on Social Ontology and Social Cognition. Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality 4. Dordrecht: Springer, 2014, Viii+189, $99.00 HB.Frank Hindriks - 2015 - Metascience 24 (3):467-470.
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  38. Free Will as a Social Institution.Wolfgang Prinz - 2006 - In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? MIT Press. pp. 257-276.
  39.  22
    Free Action, Social Institutions, and the Definition of 'Art'.Edward Sankowski - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (1):67 - 79.
  40. An Institution of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Multi-National Corporations (MNCs): Form and Implications. [REVIEW]Krista Bondy, Jeremy Moon & Dirk Matten - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (2):281-299.
    This article investigates corporate social responsibility (CSR) as an institution within UK multi-national corporations (MNCs). In the context of the literature on the institutionalization of CSR and on critical CSR, it presents two main findings. First, it contributes to the CSR mainstream literature by confirming that CSR has not only become institutionalized in society but that a form of this institution is also present within MNCs. Secondly, it contributes to the critical CSR literature by suggesting that unlike broader notions (...)
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  41.  5
    Small Business as a Social Institution.Kurt Mayer - 1947 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 14:332-349.
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  42.  7
    Some Reflections on Social Institutions.T. A. Hunter - 1932 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):40 – 46.
  43.  90
    Corporate Social Responsibility in Western Europe: An Institutional Mirror or Substitute? [REVIEW]Gregory Jackson & Androniki Apostolakou - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (3):371 - 394.
    In spite of extensive research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) and its link with economic and social performance, few studies have investigated the institutional determinants of CSR. This article draws upon neo-institutional theory and comparative institutional analysis to compare the influence of different institutional environments on CSR policies of European firms. On the basis of a dataset of European firms, we find that firms from the more liberal market economies of the Anglo-Saxon countries score higher on most dimensions (...)
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  44.  51
    Social Entrepreneurship: The Role of Institutions.Mukesh Sud, Craig V. VanSandt & Amanda M. Baugous - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S1):201 - 216.
    A relatively small segment of business, known as social entrepreneurship (SE), is increasingly being acknowledged as an effective source of solutions for a variety of social problems. Because society tends to view "new" solutions as "the" solution, we are concerned that SE will soon be expected to provide answers to our most pressing social ills. In this paper we call into question the ability of SE, by itself, to provide solutions on a scope necessary to address large-scale (...)
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  45.  55
    The Precautionary Principle and the Social Institution of Blood Donation.Cristian Timmermann - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (3):52-54.
    As a policy instrument that is deeply rooted in technology assessment, the precautionary principle examines the effects of a given object on humans and the environment. In practice the principle is rarely used to analyze the effects of our safety measures on the object itself or the way it is produced. Yet it is exactly in the effect on the blood procurement system that blood safety regulations based on the precautionary principle have to be particularly careful, as the vast majority (...)
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  46.  5
    Public Companies as Social Institutions.Janice Dean - 2001 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 10 (4):302-310.
    Many UK public companies invest considerable resources in charitable donations and community involvement. Using semi‐structured interviews with public company officers, the author sought to investigate the motivations behind this activity. Was it undertaken because of an expectation of commercial benefit, out of a sense of obligation, or for other reasons? It appeared that public companies were increasingly anxious to make connections between corporate activity in the community and business activities. Public companies linked with local communities clearly felt a sense of (...)
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  47. Institutional Dynamics and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in an Emerging Country Context: Evidence From China. [REVIEW]Juelin Yin & Yuli Zhang - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (2):301-316.
    This study identifies unique corporate social responsibility (CSR) dimensions and develops a framework to analyze different levels of institutional dynamics in understanding CSR in China. Based on multiple case studies of 16 firms, the article examines the CSR philosophy and approach in China's emerging market. The findings suggest that Chinese CSR understanding is largely grounded in the context of ethical and discretionary actions. This focus is mainly attributed to the dominant role of ethical leadership, governmental dependency, and cultural traditions (...)
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  48.  6
    The Phenomenology of Social Institutions in the Schutzian Tradition.Carlos Belvedere & Alexis Gros - 2019 - Schutzian Research 11:43-74.
    There is a broad consensus that the study of social institutions is one of the fundamental concerns of the social sciences. The idea that phenomenology has ignored this topic is also widely accepted. As against this view, the present paper aims at demonstrating that especially Schutzian phenomenology—that is, the social-phenomenological tradition started by Alfred Schutz and continued by Thomas Luckmann and Peter Berger, among others—provides rich insights on the nature and workings of social institutions (...)
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  49. The Theory Theory Thrice Over: The Child as Scientist, Superscientist or Social Institution?Michael A. Bishop & Stephen M. Downes - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):117-132.
    Alison Gopnik and Andrew Meltzoff have argued for a view they call the ‘theory theory’: theory change in science and children are similar. While their version of the theory theory has been criticized for depending on a number of disputed claims, we argue that there is a fundamental problem which is much more basic: the theory theory is multiply ambiguous. We show that it might be claiming that a similarity holds between theory change in children and (i) individual scientists, (ii) (...)
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  50.  36
    The Persistence of Agency Through Social Institutions and Caring for Future Generations.Elizabeth Victor & Laura Guidry-Grimes - 2014 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (1):122-141.
    Many of us believe that, at minimum, we have a duty not to shorten or unduly burden the lives of future people. This perceived duty could lead to ethical concerns about leaving the earth in environmental ruin, pursuing certain biotechnologies, or playing with the human genome. It is both tempting and intuitive to understand this duty as a duty not to harm future generations. This line of thought leads to a philosophical puzzle articulated by Derek Parfit. Despite many attempts to (...)
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