Results for 'Socialism and Marxism'

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  1.  32
    Marxism, Socialism and Democracy.Renzo Llorente - 2018 - Dialogue and Universalism 28 (3):141-154.
    Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels believed that their political project involved a commitment to democracy, and many subsequent Marxists have claimed that Marxism’s conception of socialism and communism represents a supremely democratic social arrangement. Many of Marxism’s critics, however, reject this belief, holding that the Marxist conception of socialism and communism entails anti-democratic policies, practices and institutions. While the position of Marxism’s critics is, without question, the predominant view today, it turns out that the arguments (...)
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  2. Nozick and Marxism: Socialist responses to the libertarian challenge.Philippe Van Parijs - 1983 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 146:337-362.
     
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  3.  86
    Marxism, Socialism, and the Kingdom.William R. Marty - 1987 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 62 (1):74-95.
  4.  24
    Market socialism and non-utopian marxist theory.Lesley A. Jacobs - 1999 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (4):527-539.
  5.  12
    Social science and Marxist humanism beyond collectivism in Socialist Romania.Adela Hîncu - 2022 - History of the Human Sciences 35 (2):77-100.
    This article brings together the history of the social sciences and the history of social thought in Socialist Romania. It is concerned with the development of ideas about the social beyond collectivism, especially about the relationship between individual and society under socialism, from the early 1960s to the end of the 1970s. The analysis speaks to three major themes in the current historiography of Cold War social science. First, the article investigates the role of disciplinary specialization in the advancement (...)
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  6.  22
    Existentialism, existentialists, and Marxism: From critique to integration within the philosophical establishment in Socialist Romania.Adela Hîncu & Ştefan Baghiu - 2023 - Studies in East European Thought 75 (3):455-477.
    In this paper, we discuss how existentialism was criticized, disseminated, and gradually autochthonized in the main philosophical journals of Socialist Romania. We show that the early critique of existentialism was both a statement against contemporary bourgeois philosophy in general and a condemnation of the local philosophical production of the interwar period. In the 1950s, this kind of critique was attuned to the growing fame of several Romanian authors who had emigrated to the West (e.g., Emil Cioran, Mircea Eliade) and targeted (...)
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  7.  3
    Correction to: Existentialism, existentialists, and Marxism: From critique to integration within the philosophical establishment in Socialist Romania.Adela Hîncu & Ştefan Baghiu - forthcoming - Studies in East European Thought:1-2.
  8. Thinking sex materially : Marxist, socialist, and related feminist approaches.Rosemary Hennessy - 2014 - In Mary Evans, Clare Hemmings, Marsha Henry, Hazel Johnstone, Sumi Madhok, Ania Plomien & Sadie Wearing (eds.), The SAGE handbook of feminist theory. SAGE reference.
  9.  19
    Law and Marxism: a general theory.Evgeniĭ Bronislavovich Pashukanis - 1978 - London: Ink Links. Edited by C. J. Arthur.
    "E. B. Pashukanis was the most significant contemporary to develop a fresh, new Marxist perspective in post-revolutionary Russia. In 1924 he wrote what is probably his most influential work, The General Theory of Law and Marxism. In the second edition, 1926, he stated that this work was not to be seen as a final product but more for ""self-clarification"" in hopes of adding ""stimulus and material for further discussion."" A third edition was printed in 1927. Pashukanis's ""commodity-exchange"" theory of (...)
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  10.  7
    [Book review] marxism, socialism, and democracy in latin America. [REVIEW]Richard L. Harris - 1994 - Science and Society 58 (4):499-501.
  11.  12
    Socialism and morality.David McLellan & Sean Sayers (eds.) - 1990 - New York: St. Martin's Press.
    WHAT IS THE ROLE OF MORAL VALUES IN SOCIALISM? CAN SOCIALISM BE 'SCIENTIFIC' OR IS IT ESSENTIALLY AN ETHICAL DOCTRINE? IS THERE ANY PLACE FOR mORALITY IN Marxism? THESE QUESTIONS ARE CENTRAL TO MUCH RECENT CONTROVERSY ON THE LEFT. 'SOCIALISM AND MORALITY' CONTAINS A VARIETY OF ORIGINAL AND IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THESE DEBATES BY A DISTINGUISHED GROUP OF PHILOSOPHERS AND POLITICAL THEORISTS. ALL THE PAPERS WERE SPECIALLY WRITTEN FOR THIS VOLUME AND MAKE A LIVELY, WIDE-RANGING AND (...)
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  12.  2
    Scientific Socialism and The Question of Socialist Values.Andrew Collier - 1981 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 7:121-154.
    The dominant view among academic political philosophers in the English speaking world is that radical political differences, such as those between socialists and non-socialists, are in the last analysis differences of value-judgment, or ‘ideals,’ or ‘principles.’ Few perhaps would now endorse the view of Weldon that the Marxist's espousal of common ownership and the liberal's of private enterprise are ultimate, unarguable principles — as if the entire economic work of Karl Marx or W.S. Jevons could be reduced to sets of (...)
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  13.  4
    The neo-Marxist idea of socialism and Christianity.V. V. Zinchenko - 2000 - Ukrainian Religious Studies 16:11-22.
    Along with other definitions, the XX century is also called a century of domination of ideologies, which almost always considered a person as a means to establish one or another type of domination: either national, or class, or bureaucratic. Any but mandatory one that would resist human freedom, and therefore - justice. Ideology exits a person to think freely and make informed decisions. She wants to accustom her to adapt humbly to the existing political and economic conditions, to form a (...)
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  14.  26
    Scientific Socialism and The Question of Socialist Values.Andrew Collier - 1981 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (sup1):121-154.
    The dominant view among academic political philosophers in the English speaking world is that radical political differences, such as those between socialists and non-socialists, are in the last analysis differences of value-judgment, or ‘ideals,’ or ‘principles.’ Few perhaps would now endorse the view of Weldon that the Marxist's espousal of common ownership and the liberal's of private enterprise are ultimate, unarguable principles — as if the entire economic work of Karl Marx or W.S. Jevons could be reduced to sets of (...)
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  15.  24
    Scientific socialism and democracy: A response to Femia.John O'Neill - 1986 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 29 (1-4):345-353.
    In a recent article, ?Marxism and Radical Democracy?,1 Femia argues that Marxism is incompatible with radical democracy. In so doing he specifically reiterates2 a now common claim that the notion of scientific socialism defended by Marx and Engels and prevalent in the Second International is anti?democratic. This claim has not only been made by critics of Marxism.3 It has been a major criticism of classical Marxism within the Western Marxist tradition, in particular? in the work (...)
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  16.  17
    Psychoanalysis and Marxism.Ernesto Laclau & Amy G. Reiter-McIntosh - 1987 - Critical Inquiry 13 (2):330-333.
    To think the relationships which exist between Marxism and psychoanalysis obliges one to reflect upon the intersections between two theoretical fields, each composed independently of the other and whose possible forms of mutual reference do not merge into any obvious system of translation. For example, it is impossible to affirm—though it has often been done—that psychoanalysis adds a theory of subjectivity to the field of historical materialism, given that the latter has been constituted, by and large, as a negation (...)
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  17. Jozef Wilczynski, An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Marxism, Socialism and Communism Reviewed by.Walter L. Adamson - 1982 - Philosophy in Review 2 (1):36-37.
     
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  18. Literature and Marxism a Controversy by Soviet Critics.Angel Flores - 1938 - Critics Group.
     
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  19.  81
    Between existentialism and Marxism.Jean-Paul Sartre - 1974 - New York: Verso. Edited by John Matthews.
    The purposes of writing -- The itinerary of a thought -- Vietnam : imperialism and genocide -- Czechoslovakia : the socialism that came in from the cold -- France : masses, spontaneity, party -- Kierkegaard : the singular universal -- Mallarmé : the poetry of suicide -- Tintoretto : St. George and the dragon -- The man with the tape-recorder -- Psychoanalytic dialogue -- Reply to Sartre--Pontalis -- Reply to Sartre--Pingaud -- A plea for intellectuals -- A friend of (...)
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  20.  3
    Marx and Marxism.Cliff Slaughter - 1985 - Longman Publishing Group.
  21.  61
    Marxism and decentralized socialism.David L. Prychitko - 1988 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 2 (4):127-148.
    COMMUNISM AND DEVELOPMENT by Robert Bideleux New York: Methuen, 1985. 315 pp., $39.95 (paper) MARXISM, SOCIALISM, FREEDOM: TOWARDS A GENERAL DEMOCRATIC THEORY OF LABOUR?MANAGED SYSTEMS by Radoslav Selucky New York: St. Martin's Press, 1979. 237 pp., $22.50 UNORTHODOX MARXISM: AN ESSAY ON CAPITALISM, SOCIALISM AND REVOLUTION by Michael Albert and Robin Hahnel Boston: South End Press, 1978. 379 pp., $8.50 (paper).
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  22. Book Reviews. Peter Evans, Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation. Neera Chandhoke, State and Civil Society. Explorations in Political Theory. Kevin Anderson, Lenin, Hegel and Western Marxism. A Critical Study. Stephen Turner, The Social Theory of Practices: Tradition, Tacit Knowledge, and Presuppositions. Joel Whitebook, Perversion and Utopia: A Study in Psychoanalysis and Critical Theory. John C. Torpey, Intellectuals, Socialism, and Dissent. The East German Opposition and its Legacy. [REVIEW]John L. Campbell, Paul Thomas, Neil Gross, Maureen Katz & Jonathon R. Zatlin - 1998 - Theory and Society 27 (1):103-146.
  23.  3
    The marxist philosophical basis of socialist literature and art.Zijie Liu - 2023 - Trans/Form/Ação 46 (3):255-274.
    Resumen: El arte y la literatura socialistas se construyen sobre la base de la filosofía marxista. El “carácter popular” de la literatura y el arte socialistas se basa en el hecho de que la filosofía marxista abandona el individualismo y se centra en la libertad y la felicidad de una población más amplia. Por lo tanto, el arte y la literatura socialistas toman como sujeto de expresión a las personas y no a los individuos. El realismo, principio fundamental de la (...)
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  24.  20
    Enrico Ferri’s Scientific Socialism: A Marxist Interpretation of Herbert Spencer’s Organic Analogy.Naomi Beck - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):301-325.
    Spencer's evolutionary philosophy is usually identified with right-wing doctrines such as individualism, laissez-faire liberalism and even conservatism. Since he himself defended similar positions, it is perhaps not surprising that the study of the political interpretations of his ideas has drawn relatively little attention. In this article I propose to examine a rather atypical reading of Spencer's organic analogy, though definitely not a marginal one: Enrico Ferri's Marxist doctrine of Scientific Socialism. Ferri is not a figure unknown to scholars interested (...)
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  25.  32
    Between Capitalism and Marxism: Introducing Lonergan's Economics.Frederick Lawrence - 2007 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 63 (4):941 - 959.
    What capitalist economics call business or trade cycles with their recessions and depressions, and Marxists, in terms of surplus value and exploitation, call crises are fundamental misunderstandings of what Bernard Lonergan conceives as the true intelligibility of the rhythms of production and monetary circulation of the advanced exchange economy. In his circulation analysis he expresses the intelligibility of macroeconomic dynamics in terms of a pure cycle that involves the anti-egalitarian flows proper to new surplus or productive goods expansion and the (...)
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  26. Marxism and actually existing socialism.Sean Sayers - unknown
    I recently visited the Soviet Union. I was there for only one week, as a tourist: time to get only a very limited and superficial impression of life there. Nevertheless, it was a sobering and thought-provoking experience. For even such a brief visit forces one to confront the problems raised by the evidently unideal character of the Soviet Union and other `actually existing' socialist societies. These are amongst the greatest problems facing socialists in the world today.
     
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  27.  5
    Marxism and "Really Existing Socialism".Alec Nove - 2001 - Taylor & Francis.
    The late Alec Nove explores the relationship between Marxist ideas and the Soviet reality and presents a methodology for understanding Soviet type societies.
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  28.  13
    Beyond Capitalism and Marxism.Olatunji A. Oyeshile & Omotayo Oladebo - 2019 - Dialogue and Universalism 29 (1):217-232.
    This paper revisits the perennial crisis of African development. The authors, unoblivious of theories that have been put forward for ending this crisis, delimit their intervention to the political and economic aspects. They review the dominant approaches to African development, that is, capitalism and Marxism. Following this review and a critical reading of the reigning orthodoxies of economic mobilization and statecraft inherent in pre-colonial Africa, the authors propose a liberal-paternalistic theory of development rooted in the idea of African (...)/communalism. They argue that this idea provides a veritable basis for Africa’s development. (shrink)
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  29.  88
    Marxism and British socialism.Mark Bevir - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (2):545-549.
    (1996). Marxism and British socialism. The European Legacy: Vol. 1, Fourth International Conference of the International Society for the study of European Ideas, pp. 545-549.
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  30. From Radical Marxism to Knowledge Socialism: An Educational Philosophy and Theory Economic and Neoliberal Studies Reader.Michael Peters & Liz Jackson (eds.) - 2022
    Introduction: Western Marxism in Educational Philosophy and Theory -- Ideology and Schooling -- Marxism and Education: Will the Doctrine Bear the Weight? -- Education and Cultural Disadvantage -- Illich and Anarchism -- Knowledge and Ideology in the Marxist Philosophy of Education -- Liberal Education and Social Change -- The Continuing Conflicts Between Capitalism and Democracy: Ramifications for Schooling -- Luce Irigaray: Women becoming subjects for a divine economy -- The Nature and Limits of Critical Theory in Education -- (...)
     
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  31.  63
    Marxism and human sociobiology: A comparative study from the perspective of modern socialist economic reforms. [REVIEW]Zhang Boshu - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (4):463-474.
    Modern socialist economic reforms which center on the establishment of a commodity based economic system, demand a reconsideration of human nature. Marxism and human sociobiology give different answers to questions about human nature, but neither is complete in itself. It seems timely, therefore, to suggest that a combination of biological understanding with a Marxist-based social understanding would produce a more adequate notion of human nature, thereby helping us to resolve a number of problems posed by reforms currently taking place (...)
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  32.  19
    Socialist Revolution: Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, and the Emergence of Marxist Thought in the Field of Education.Isaac Gottesman - 2013 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 49 (1):5-31.
    Upon its publication in 1976, Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis? Schooling in Capitalist America was the most sophisticated and nuanced Marxian social and political analysis of schooling in the United States. Thirty-five years after its publication, Schooling continues to have a strong impact on thinking about education. Despite its unquestionable influence, it has received strikingly little historical attention. This historical article revisits the scholarship of Bowles and Gintis and the milieu in which Schooling was conceived. Specifically, it contextualizes the production (...)
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  33.  34
    The Marxist Conceptual Framework and the Origins of Totalitarian Socialism.Allen Buchanan - 1986 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (2):127.
    One of the few things modern liberals, classical liberals, and conservatives can agree on is the charge that some of the worst features oftotalitarian socialist regimes have their origins in the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Nevertheless, the nature of this claim, and therefore the reasons for accepting or rejecting it, are oftenleft obscure. If it is understood simply as a causal statement, then it must be confirmed or disconfirmed by empirical social science. The political philosopher can at (...)
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  34.  12
    Marxism and existentialism in state socialist Czechoslovakia.Jiří Růžička & Jan Mervart - 2023 - Studies in East European Thought 75 (3):399-416.
    Existentialism became one of the most fashionable philosophical currents in postwar Czechoslovakia. Whereas the orthodox Marxism of the 1950s, following Lukács’s Marxism or existentialism?, hastily condemned existentialism as an offshoot of bourgeois idealism, Marxists of the 1960s viewed existentialism as a philosophical current that deserved, at the least, serious examination. During the subsequent era of Czechoslovak “real” socialism of the 1970s and 1980s, existentialism was, as a result, interpreted as one of the sources of the 1968 “counterrevolution.” (...)
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  35. Marxism and Socialism.Norberto Bobbio - 1979 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 39:191.
     
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  36. Great socialist october revolution and creative development of marxist philosophy.Vd Kosichev - 1977 - Filosoficky Casopis 25 (5):660-668.
     
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  37.  8
    The Theory of Developed Socialism and its Growth into Communism.V. S. Semenov - 1981 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 19 (4):3-32.
    [Note by Editors of Voprosy filosofii. A plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held on June 23, 1980. The plenum adopted a resolution to convene the next regular Twenty-sixth Congress of the CPSU on February 23, 1981. The congresses have always opened new horizons for our Party and our country. The congresses of the CPSU, embodying the collective intelligence of the Party, draw conclusions, on the basis of thoroughgoing Marxist- Leninist analysis, respect (...)
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  38.  10
    Marxism and socialism in the XXI century.Zbigniew Wiktor - 2014 - Nowa Krytyka 34:177-203.
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  39.  6
    Marxism and Socialism in the 21st century. 2nd International Scientific Conference at Wuhan University, China.Zbigniew Wiktor - 2017 - Nowa Krytyka 38:217-234.
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  40. Marx, Marxism-Leninism, and Socialist Experiences in the Modern World-System.Immanuel Wallerstein - 1990 - Thesis Eleven 27 (1):40-53.
  41.  12
    Between Old and New: On Socialism and Revolutionary Religion.Roland Boer - 2016 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 10 (2).
    Within Marxist debates, tensions continue to exist between modern socialism and the revolutionary religious tradition. I propose to analyse this question by focusing comparing the European situation, with its long history of “forerunners of socialism,” and China, especially the Taiping Revolution of the nineteenth century. While Europe presents the relation between modern socialism and revolutionary religion in relatively well-known terms, the Chinese situation generates greater complexity in what may be called a dialectic of old and new. In (...)
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  42.  9
    Praxis: Marxist Criticism and Dissent in Socialist Yugoslavia.S. Zukin - 1979 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1979 (39):221-233.
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  43.  18
    Marxism, markets, and the 'sanctity' of socialist property relations.Rodney G. Peffer - 1991 - Journal of Social Philosophy 22 (1):63-72.
  44.  16
    Marxism and Christian Socialism.Paul Tillich - 2016 - Nowa Krytyka 36:67-74.
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  45.  27
    Enrico Ferri’s Scientific Socialism: A Marxist Interpretation of Herbert Spencer’s Organic Analogy. [REVIEW]Naomi Beck - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):301 - 325.
    Spencer's evolutionary philosophy is usually identified with right-wing doctrines such as individualism, laissez-faire liberalism and even conservatism. Since he himself defended similar positions, it is perhaps not surprising that the study of the political interpretations of his ideas has drawn relatively little attention. In this article I propose to examine a rather atypical reading of Spencer's organic analogy, though definitely not a marginal one: Enrico Ferri's Marxist doctrine of Scientific Socialism. Ferri is not a figure unknown to scholars interested (...)
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  46. From Radical Marxism to Knowledge Socialism: An Educational Philosophy and Theory Reader.Michael Peters & Liz Jackson (eds.) - 2022
     
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  47.  4
    Marxism and Socialism.N. Bobbio - 1979 - Télos 1979 (39):191-200.
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  48.  3
    Marxism, class analysis, and socialist pluralism: a theoretical and political critique of Marxist conceptions of politics.Les Johnston - 1986 - Boston: Allen & Unwin.
  49.  12
    An Anthology of western Marxism: from Lukács and Gramsci to socialist-feminism.Roger S. Gottlieb (ed.) - 1989 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This unique anthology brings together readings from the works of the most significant post-Leninist Marxist thinkers. The selections reflect the diversity and high intellectual accomplishment of twentieth-century Marxism and show how these theorists have transformed traditional Marxism's general philosophical orientation, interpretation of historical materialism, models of socialist political practice, and conception of human liberation. The writings reveal the evolution of a sophisticated and democratic Marxism with a theoretical emphasis on class consciousness and subjectivity, a resistance to all (...)
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  50. Marxism and the Spirit of Socialism: Cultural Origins of Anti-Capitalism (1982).Jeffrey C. Alexander - 2010 - Thesis Eleven 100 (1):84-105.
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