Results for 'Sofia Koletsi'

602 found
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  1.  10
    Understanding How Minds Vary Relates to Skill in Inferring Mental States, Personality, and Intelligence.Jane R. Conway, Michel-Pierre Coll, Hélio Clemente Cuve, Sofia Koletsi, Nicholas Bronitt, Caroline Catmur & Geoffrey Bird - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149 (6):1032-1047.
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  2.  7
    Quantifying Compliance and Acceptance Through Public and Private Social Conformity.Sophie Sowden, Sofia Koletsi, Eva Lymberopoulos, Elisabeta Militaru, Caroline Catmur & Geoffrey Bird - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:359-367.
  3.  69
    The Legitimacy of the People.Sofia Näsström - 2007 - Political Theory 35 (5):624-658.
    In political theory it goes without saying that the constitution of government raises a claim for legitimacy. With the constitution of the people, however, it is different. It is often dismissed as a historical question. The conviction is that since the people cannot decide on its own composition the boundaries of democracy must be determined by other factors, such as the contingent forces of history. This article critically assesses this view. It argues that like the constitution of government, the constitution (...)
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  4.  58
    The International Dimensions of Neuroethics.Sofia Lombera & Judy Illes - 2009 - Developing World Bioethics 9 (2):57-64.
    Neuroethics, in its modern form, investigates the impact of brain science in four basic dimensions: the self, social policy, practice and discourse. In this study, we analyzed a set of 461 peer-reviewed articles with neuroethics content, published by authors from 32 countries. We analyzed the data for: (1) trends in the development of international neuroethics over time, and (2) how challenges at the intersection of ethics and neuroscience are viewed in countries that are considered developed by International Monetary Fund (IMF) (...)
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  5.  28
    The Case of Classroom Robots: Teachers’ Deliberations on the Ethical Tensions.Sofia Serholt, Wolmet Barendregt, Asimina Vasalou, Patrícia Alves-Oliveira, Aidan Jones, Sofia Petisca & Ana Paiva - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (4):613-631.
    Robots are increasingly being studied for use in education. It is expected that robots will have the potential to facilitate children’s learning and function autonomously within real classrooms in the near future. Previous research has raised the importance of designing acceptable robots for different practices. In parallel, scholars have raised ethical concerns surrounding children interacting with robots. Drawing on a Responsible Research and Innovation perspective, our goal is to move away from research concerned with designing features that will render robots (...)
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  6.  37
    Accountability, Answerability, and Freedom.Sofia Jeppsson - 2016 - Social Theory and Practice 42 (4):681-705.
    It has been argued that we cannot be morally responsible in the sense required to deserve blame or punishment if the world is deterministic, but still morally responsible in the sense of being apt targets for moral criticism. Desert-entailing moral responsibility is supposed to be more freedom-demanding than other kinds of responsibility, since it justifies subjecting people to blame and punishments, is nonconsequentialist, and has been shown by thought experiments to be incompatible with determinism. In this paper, I will show (...)
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  7.  33
    Representative Democracy as Tautology.Sofia Näsström - 2006 - European Journal of Political Theory 5 (3):321-342.
    Representative democracy is often assessed from the standpoint of direct democracy. Recently, however, many theorists have come to argue that representation forms a democratic model in its own right. The most powerful claim in this direction is to be found within two quite different strands of thinking: the aesthetic theory of Frank Ankersmit and the savage theory of Claude Lefort. In this article, I show that while Ankersmit and Lefort converge in their critique of direct rule, they provide us with (...)
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  8.  91
    Using Aristotle’s Theory of Friendship to Classify Online Friendships: A Critical Counterview.Sofia Kaliarnta - 2016 - Ethics and Information Technology 18 (2):65-79.
    In a special issue of “Ethics and Information Technology” (September 2012), various philosophers have discussed the notion of online friendship. The preferred framework of analysis was Aristotle’s theory of friendship: it was argued that online friendships face many obstacles that hinder them from ever reaching the highest form of Aristotelian friendship. In this article I aim to offer a different perspective by critically analyzing the arguments these philosophers use against online friendship. I begin by isolating the most common arguments these (...)
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  9.  78
    Reasons, Determinism and the Ability to Do Otherwise.Sofia Jeppsson - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (5):1225-1240.
    It has been argued that in a deterministic universe, no one has any reason to do anything. Since we ought to do what we have most reason to do, no one ought to do anything either. Firstly, it is argued that an agent cannot have reason to do anything unless she can do otherwise; secondly, that the relevant ‘can’ is incompatibilist. In this paper, I argue that even if the first step of the argument for reason incompatibilism succeeds, the second (...)
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  10.  20
    Measuring Moral Distress in Pharmacy and Clinical Practice.Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong, Anna T. Höglund & Bengt Arnetz - 2006 - Nursing Ethics 13 (4):416-427.
    This article presents the development, validation and application of an instrument to measure everyday moral distress in different health care settings. The concept of moral distress has been discussed and developed over 20 years. A few instruments have been developed to measure it, predominantly in nursing. The instrument presented here consists of two factors: level of moral distress, and tolerance/openness towards moral dilemmas. It was tested in four medical departments and three pharmacies, where 259 staff members completed a questionnaire. The (...)
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  11.  20
    Communicated Accountability by Faith-Based Charity Organisations.Sofia Yasmin, Roszaini Haniffa & Mohammad Hudaib - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (1):1-21.
    The issue of communicated accountability is particularly important in Faith-Based Charity Organisations as the donated funds and use of those funds are often meant to fulfil religious obligations for the well-being of society. Integrating Stewart’s (1984) ladder of accountability with the Statement of Recommended Practice guidance for charities, this paper examines communicated accountability practices of Muslim and Christian Charity Organisations in England and Wales. Our content analysis results indicate communicated accountability to be generally limited, focusing on providing basic descriptive information (...)
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  12.  33
    Where is the Representative Turn Going?Sofia Näsström - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (4):501-510.
  13.  8
    Changes in the Effective Connectivity of the Social Brain When Making Inferences About Close Others Vs. The Self.Sofia Esménio, José Miguel Soares, Patrícia Oliveira-Silva, Óscar F. Gonçalves, Karl Friston & Joana Fernandes Coutinho - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  14.  16
    Democratic Representation Beyond Election.Sofia Näsström - 2015 - Constellations 22 (1):1-12.
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  15.  20
    From Freedom From to Freedom To: New Perspectives on Intentional Action.Sofia Bonicalzi & Patrick Haggard - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  16.  8
    Developing Ethical Competence in Health Care Organizations.Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong, Bengt Arnetz, Mats G. Hansson, Peter Westerholm & Anna T. Höglund - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (6):825-837.
    Increased work complexity and financial strain in the health care sector have led to higher demands on staff to handle ethical issues. These demands can elicit stress reactions, that is, moral distress. One way to support professionals in handling ethical dilemmas is education and training in ethics. This article reports on a controlled prospective study evaluating a structured education and training program in ethics concerning its effects on moral distress. The results show that the participants were positive about the training (...)
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  17.  15
    Literature Review: Status and Trends of Research Ethics in Swedish Nurses' Dissertations.Sofia Kjellström & Bengt Fridlund - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (3):383-392.
    Research ethics is increasingly formally regulated, but little is known about how ethical considerations are reported in dissertations. The aim of this literature study was to describe the status and trends of ethical considerations in Swedish doctoral dissertations written by registered nurses. A total of 77 dissertations from 1987, 1997, and 2007 met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Ethical considerations were mostly overlooked in 1987, but almost ubiquitous by 2007. All dissertations in 2007, except one, had (...)
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  18.  35
    What Globalization Overshadows.Sofia Näsström - 2003 - Political Theory 31 (6):808-834.
    What is the connection between modern democratic thought and globalization? This article examines the rationale behind the present crisis of democracy. It demonstrates that the problem facing modern democratic thought has less to do with the asymmetries associated with the forces of globalization and more to do with an asymmetry within popular sovereignty itself: the fact that the boundaries of democracy cannot themselves be democratically legitimated. By making this argument the article seeks to move beyond the contemporary opposition between nationalism (...)
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  19.  72
    The Englaro Case: Withdrawal of Treatment From a Patient in a Permanent Vegetative State in Italy.Sofia Moratti - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (3):372-380.
    The international media recently reported the case of Eluana Englaro, a 38-year-old woman in a permanent vegetative state who died in February 2009 following withdrawal of her feeding tube. At the time of her death, she had been unconscious for 17 years. For many years, her father had been seeking permission to allow her to die. His request was rejected by the courts several times on different grounds, until the Italian Supreme Court finally granted it. The case caused considerable political (...)
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  20. Container Technologies.Zoë Sofia - 2000 - Hypatia 15 (2):181-201.
    : This paper goes beyond critiques of western philosophical notions of space as passive, feminine, and unintelligent by reconfiguring containment as an (inter-)active process. The author draws on work in the history of technology, on a cybernetic epistemology that emphasizes the interdependence of organism and environment, and on intersubjectivist psychoanalytic theories of the maternal provision. A more unexpected ally is found in Heidegger, whose writings on holding and supply are read in ways that contribute to the development of an urgently (...)
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  21. Bradley’s Regress.Anna-Sofia Maurin - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (11):794-807.
    Ever since F. H. Bradley first formulated his famous regress argument philosophers have been hard at work trying to refute it. The argument fails, it has been suggested, either because its conclusion just does not follow from its premises, or it fails because one or more of its premises should be given up. In this paper, the Bradleyan argument, as well as some of the many and varied reactions it has received, is scrutinized.
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  22.  14
    Epigenetics and Metaphor: Language of Limits.Sofia Falomir - 2018 - Technoetic Arts 16 (3):295-302.
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  23.  48
    Emotions and Ethical Considerations of Women Undergoing IVF-Treatments.Sofia Kaliarnta, Jessica Nihlén-Fahlquist & Sabine Roeser - 2011 - HEC Forum 23 (4):281-293.
    Women who suffer from fertility issues often use in vitro fertilization (IVF) to realize their wish to have children. However, IVF has its own set of strict administration rules that leave the women physically and emotionally exhausted. Feeling alienated and frustrated, many IVF users turn to internet IVF-centered forums to share their stories and to find information and support. Based on the observation of Dutch and Greek IVF forums and a selection of 109 questionnaires from Dutch and Greek IVF forum (...)
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  24.  3
    Spelling Performance of Portuguese Children: Comparison Between Grade Level, Misspelling Type, and Assessment Task.Sofia Magalhães, Ana Mesquita, Marisa Filipe, Andreia Veloso, São Luís Castro & Teresa Limpo - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  25.  3
    The Influence of Personality, Resilience, and Alexithymia on Mental Health During COVID-19 Pandemic.Sofia Adelaide Osimo, Marilena Aiello, Claudio Gentili, Silvio Ionta & Cinzia Cecchetto - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Following the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries worldwide have put lockdowns in place to prevent the virus from spreading. Evidence shows that lockdown measures can affect mental health; it is, therefore, important to identify the psychological characteristics making individuals more vulnerable. The present study aimed, first, to identify, through a cluster analysis, the psychological attributes that characterize individuals with similar psychological responses to the COVID-19 home confinement; second, to investigate whether different psychological characteristics, such as personality traits, alexithymia, and resilience, specifically (...)
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  26.  19
    The Impact of Economic Recession on Health-Care and the Contribution by Nurses to Promote Individuals' Dignity.Sofia Nunes, Guilhermina Rego & Rui Nunes - 2015 - Nursing Inquiry 22 (4):285-295.
  27.  9
    David Hume y la distinción entre filosofía especulativa y experimental.Sofía Beatriz Calvente - 2018 - Dianoia 63 (81):109-131.
    Resumen: Ante las críticas insistentes a la distinción entre el empirismo y el racionalismo, se han propuesto alternativas para comprender de manera más adecuada el quehacer de los filósofos modernos. Entre ellas está la distinción entre filosofía especulativa y experimental. Intentaré evaluar la validez de esta distinción para la filosofía moral experimental del siglo XVIII y, en particular, para la propuesta de Hume. Mostraré que si la distinción se entiende en términos excluyentes, resulta inapropiada porque el mismo Hume plantea que (...)
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  28.  15
    Container Technologies.Zoë Sofia - 2000 - Hypatia 15 (2):181-201.
    This paper goes beyond critiques of western philosophical notions of space as passive, feminine, and unintelligent by reconfiguring containment as an active process. The author draws on work in the history of technology, on a cybernetic epistemology that emphasizes the interdependence of organism and environment, and on intersubjectivist psychoanalytic theories of the maternal provision. A more unexpected ally is found in Heidegger, whose writings on holding and supply are read in ways that contribute to the development of an urgently required (...)
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  29.  63
    Putting Yourself in the Skin of a Black Avatar Reduces Implicit Racial Bias.Tabitha C. Peck, Sofia Seinfeld, Salvatore M. Aglioti & Mel Slater - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):779-787.
    Although it has been shown that immersive virtual reality can be used to induce illusions of ownership over a virtual body , information on whether this changes implicit interpersonal attitudes is meager. Here we demonstrate that embodiment of light-skinned participants in a dark-skinned VB significantly reduced implicit racial bias against dark-skinned people, in contrast to embodiment in light-skinned, purple-skinned or with no VB. 60 females participated in this between-groups experiment, with a VB substituting their own, with full-body visuomotor synchrony, reflected (...)
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  30.  38
    The Role of Corruption, Culture, and Law in Investment Fund Manager Fees.Sofia A. Johan & Dorra Najar - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (S2):147 - 172.
    This article considers an international sample of venture capital and private equity funds to assess the role of law, corruption, and culture in setting fund manager fees. With better legal conditions, fixed fees are lower, carried interest fees are higher, clawbacks are less likely, and share distributions are more likely. Countries with lower levels of corruption have lower fixed fees and higher performance fees, and are less likely to have clawbacks and cash-only distributions. Hofstede's measure of power distance is negatively (...)
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  31.  67
    Ethical and Legal Acceptability of the Use of Neuromuscular Blockers (NMBs) in Connection with Abstention Decisions in Dutch NICUs: Interviews with Neonatologists.Sofia Moratti - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):29-33.
    Background In the Netherlands, using drugs to deliberately end the life of a severely defective newborn baby who is in extreme suffering can be permissible under very precise circumstances. This does not mean that all Dutch neonatologists are willing to engage in such behaviour. This paper discusses the use of neuromuscular blockers (NMBs) in connection with abstention decisions in neonatology and the boundaries between ‘deliberate ending of life’ and other end-of-life decisions. These boundaries are of paramount importance because, of all (...)
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  32.  81
    Awareness of Costs and Individual Accountability in Health Care.Sofia Rt Nunes, Guilhermina Rego & Rui Nunes - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (6):0969733012468464.
    Questions of social justice and health-care costs are some of the concerns of society. The cost caused by cardiovascular diseases can have an enormous impact, and it is important to know what patients think about illness costs when they are hospitalized. Two interviews were realized in a longitudinal study, in a sample of 106 patients submitted to expensive techniques in Cardiology (Portugal), to understand the patients’ perception about the health costs and behavior changes based on awareness. We can conclude that (...)
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  33.  22
    Hypnotism and Medicine in 1888 Paris: Contemporary Observations by Sofia Kovalevskaya.Sabine I. Golz, Oleg V. Timofeyev, Luys, Sofia Niron [S. V. Kovalevskaya], Charcot & Sofia Niron [Sofia Kovalevskaya] - 1996 - Substance 25 (1):3.
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  34.  9
    Epigenetic-Induced Alterations in Sex-Ratios in Response to Climate Change: An Epigenetic Trap?Sofia Consuegra & Carlos M. Rodríguez López - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (10):950-958.
  35.  8
    Psychological Meaning of “Coauthorship” Among Scientists Using the Natural Semantic Networks Technique.Sofia Liberman & Roberto López Olmedo - 2017 - Social Epistemology 31 (2):152-164.
    The purpose of this study is to determine the psychological meaning of coauthorship for a group of scientists, based on the assumption that the meaning of a concept is related to experience on “how a person behaves in a situation, depending on what the situation signifies to him”. The semantic meaning provides for an interpretation of action in beliefs, goals and intentions, following the idea that semantic meaning is a basis for inferring intentions to perform action. We used the Natural (...)
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  36.  32
    Enabling Food Sovereignty and a Prosperous Future for Peasants by Understanding the Factors That Marginalise Peasants and Lead to Poverty and Hunger.Sofia Naranjo - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (2):231-246.
    Dominant development discourse and policy are based on crucial misconceptions about peasants and their livelihoods. Peasants are viewed as inherently poor and hungry and their farming systems are considered inefficient, of low productivity, and sometimes even environmentally degrading. Consequently, dominant development policies have tried to transform peasants into something else: industrialised commercial farmers, wage labourers, urban workers, etc. This article seeks to deconstruct three key misconceptions about peasants by explaining how and why marginalised peasants around the world face poverty and (...)
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  37.  38
    Irrational Option Exclusion.Sofia Jeppsson - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (3):537-551.
    In this paper, I describe a hitherto overlooked kind of practical irrationality, which I call irrational option exclusion. An agent who suffers from this problem does not merely fail to act on her best judgement – she fails to realize that the superior action is even an option for her. I furthermore argue that this kind of irrationality is serious enough to undermine moral responsibility. I show that an agent suffering from this problem has compromised reasons-responsiveness, does not really express (...)
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  38.  32
    Responsibility Problems for Criminal Justice.Sofia M. I. Jeppsson - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  39. Pre-Reflective Consciousness: Sartre and Contemporary Philosophy of Mind.Sofia Miguens, Gerhard Preyer & Clara Bravo Morando (eds.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    Pre-reflective Consciousness: Sartre and Contemporary Philosophy of Mind delves into the relations between the current debates on consciousness within analytical philosophy and the debates taking place in continental philosophy in the twentieth century and in particular within the work of Sartre. Examining the return of the problem of subjectivity in philosophy of mind and the idea that phenomenal consciousness could not be reduced to functional or cognitive properties this volume aims to rethink borders between what counts as ‘inner’ and ‘outer’ (...)
     
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  40.  91
    Provider-Initiated Hiv Testing and Counseling in Health Facilities – What Does This Mean for the Health and Human Rights of Pregnant Women?Sofia Gruskin, Shahira Ahmed & Laura Ferguson - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (1):23–32.
    Since the introduction of drugs to prevent vertical transmission of HIV, the purpose of and approach to HIV testing of pregnant women has increasingly become an area of major controversy. In recent years, many strategies to increase the uptake of HIV testing have focused on offering HIV tests to women in pregnancy-related services. New global guidance issued by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) specifically notes these services as an entry point for (...)
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  41.  8
    Disrupting the School-to-Prison Pipeline.Sofía Bahena, North Cooc, Rachel Currie-Rubin, Paul Kuttner & Monica Ng (eds.) - 2012 - Harvard Educational Review.
    A trenchant and wide-ranging look at this alarming national trend, _Disrupting the School-to-Prison Pipeline_ is unsparing in its account of the problem while pointing in the direction of meaningful and much-needed reforms. The “school-to-prison pipeline” has received much attention in the education world over the past few years. A fast-growing and disturbing development, it describes a range of circumstances whereby “children are funneled out of public schools and into the juvenile and criminal justice systems.” Scholars, educators, parents, students, and organizers (...)
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  42.  41
    Institutional Investors, Political Connections, and the Incidence of Regulatory Enforcement Against Corporate Fraud.Wenfeng Wu, Sofia A. Johan & Oliver M. Rui - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (4):709-726.
    We investigate two under-explored factors in mitigating the risk of corporate fraud and regulatory enforcement against fraud, namely institutional investors and political connections. The role of institutional investors in the effective monitoring of a firm’s management is well established in the literature. We further observe that firms that have a large proportion of their shares held by institutional investors have a lower incidence of enforcement actions against corporate fraud. The importance of political connections for enterprises, whether in a developed market (...)
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  43.  17
    Beleaguered by Technology: Care in Technologically Intense Environments.Sofia Almerud Rnanic, Richard J. Alapack, Bengt Fridlund Rnt Rnan & And Margaretha Ekebergh Rnt Rnan - 2008 - Nursing Philosophy 9 (1).
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  44.  5
    AESA 2012 Presidential Address “What My Community Means To Me”: Reimagining Civic Praxis With Latina/Chicana Feminisms.Sofia A. Villenas - 2015 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 51 (1):72-84.
  45. Grounding and Metaphysical Explanation: It’s Complicated.Anna-Sofia Maurin - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (6):1573-1594.
    Grounding theorists insist that grounding and explanation are intimately related. This claim could be understood as saying either that grounding ‘inherits’ its properties from explanation or it could be interpreted as saying that grounding plays an important—possibly an indispensable—role in metaphysical explanation. Or both. I argue that saying that grounding ‘inherits’ its properties from explanation can only be justified if grounding is explanatory by nature, but that this view is untenable. We ought therefore to be ‘separatists’ and view grounding and (...)
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  46.  4
    The Role of Aedilician Fines in the Making of Public Rome.Sofia Piacentin - 2018 - História 67 (1):103-126.
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  47.  18
    Exterminating Fetuses: Abortion, Disarmament, and the Sexo-Semiotics of Extraterrestrialism.Zoe Sofia - 1984 - Diacritics 14 (2):47.
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  48. Shifting Perspectives in Pictorial Narratives.Emar Maier & Sofia Bimpikou - 2019 - In Uli Sauerland & Stephanie Solt (eds.), Proceeding of Sinn und Bedeutung 23. Barcelona: Leibniz-Centre General Linguistics (ZAS).
    We propose an extension of Discourse Respresentation Theory (DRT) for analyzing pictorial narratives. We test drive our PicDRT framework by analyzing the way authors represent characters’ mental states and perception in comics. Our investigation goes beyond Abusch and Rooth (2017) in handling not just free perception sequences, but also a form of apparent perspective blending somewhat reminiscent of free indirect discourse.
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  49.  63
    Purebred Dogs and Canine Wellbeing.Sofia Jeppsson - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (3):417-430.
    Breeders of purebred dogs usually have several goals they want to accomplish, of which canine wellbeing is one. The purpose of this article is to investigate what we ought to do given this goal. Breeders typically think that they fulfil their wellbeing-related duties by doing the best they can within their breed of choice. However, it is true of most breeders that they could produce physically and mentally healthier dogs if they switched to a healthier breed. There are a few (...)
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  50.  47
    Mapping the Structure of Semantic Memory.Ana Sofia Morais, Henrik Olsson & Lael J. Schooler - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (1):125-145.
    Aggregating snippets from the semantic memories of many individuals may not yield a good map of an individual’s semantic memory. The authors analyze the structure of semantic networks that they sampled from individuals through a new snowball sampling paradigm during approximately 6 weeks of 1-hr daily sessions. The semantic networks of individuals have a small-world structure with short distances between words and high clustering. The distribution of links follows a power law truncated by an exponential cutoff, meaning that most words (...)
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