Results for 'SolomonEyal Shimony'

165 found
Order:
  1.  13
    Kappa Calculus and Evidential Strength: A Note on Åqvist's Logical Theory of Legal Evidence.SolomonEyal Shimony & Ephraim Nissan - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (2-3).
    Lennart Åqvist (1992) proposed a logical theory of legal evidence, based on the Bolding-Ekelöf of degrees of evidential strength. This paper reformulates Åqvist's model in terms of the probabilistic version of the kappa calculus. Proving its acceptability in the legal context is beyond the present scope, but the epistemological debate about Bayesian Law isclearly relevant. While the present model is a possible link to that lineof inquiry, we offer some considerations about the broader picture of thepotential of AI & Law (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2.  35
    Bernard Robertson and G. A. [Tony] Vignaux, Interpreting Evidence: Evaluating Forensic Science in the Courtroom.SolomonEyal Shimony - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (2-3):215-217.
  3.  48
    Search for a Naturalistic World View.Abner Shimony - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Abner Shimony is one of the most eminent of present-day philosophers of science, whose work has exerted a profound influence in both the philosophy and physics communities. This two-volume 1993 collection of his essays written over a period of forty years explores the interrelations between science and philosophy. Shimony regards the knowing subject as an entity in nature whose faculties must be studied from the points of view of evolutionary biology and empirical psychology. He maintains that the twentieth (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  4.  36
    An Exchange on Local Beables.John S. Bell, J. Clauser, M. Horne & A. Shimony - 1985 - Dialectica 39 (2):85-96.
    Summarya) Bell tries to formulate more explicitly a notion of “local causality”: correlations between physical events in different space‐time regions should be explicable in terms of physical events in the overlap of the backward light cones. It is shown that ordinary relativistic quantum field theory is not locally causal in this sense, and cannot be embedded in a locally causal theory.b) Clauser, Home and Shimony criticize several steps in Bell's argument that any theory of local “beables” is incompatible with (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  5. The Search for a Naturalistic World View: Volume 1.Abner Shimony - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Abner Shimony is one of the most eminent of present-day philosophers of science, whose work has exerted a profound influence in both the philosophy and physics communities. This two-volume 1993 collection of his essays written over a period of forty years explores the interrelations between science and philosophy. Shimony regards the knowing subject as an entity in nature whose faculties must be studied from the points of view of evolutionary biology and empirical psychology. He maintains that the twentieth (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6. The Search for a Naturalistic World View: Volume 2.Abner Shimony - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Abner Shimony an eminent philosopher of science, whose work has exerted a profound influence in both the philosophy and physics communities. This two-volume collection of his essays written over a period of forty years explores the interrelations between science and philosophy. Shimony regards the knowing subject as an entity in nature whose faculties must be studied from the points of view of evolutionary biology and empirical psychology. He maintains that the twentieth century is one of the great ages (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Bell's Theorem.Abner Shimony - 2009 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  8. Bell's Theorem Without Inequalities.Daniel M. Greenberger, Michael A. Horne, Abner Shimony & Anton Zeilenger - 1990 - American Journal of Physics 58:1131--1143.
  9. Events and Processes in the Quantum World.Abner Shimony - 1986 - In Roger Penrose & C. J. Isham (eds.), Quantum Concepts in Space and Time. New York ;Oxford University Press. pp. 182--203.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   49 citations  
  10.  65
    Coherence and the Axioms of Confirmation.Abner Shimony - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (1):1-28.
  11.  8
    Locke and Leibniz on Matter and Solidity.Idan Shimony - 2019 - In Adriano Fabris & Giovanni Scarafile (eds.), Controversies in the Contemporary World. Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: pp. 49-67.
    In this paper I analyze the virtual debate between Locke and Leibniz on solidity as proposed in Leibniz’s chapter on solidity in his New Essays on Human Understanding. I first track the oddities of the dialogue presented in the New Essays’ chapter on solidity. In this virtual dialogue, Leibniz’s representative often digresses and sometimes overlooks or misrepresents some of Locke’s most important insights. I then argue that these oddities reflect Leibniz’s sentiment that a productive controversy on this issue cannot be (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Search for a Naturalistic World View.Abner Shimony - 1997 - Synthese 110 (2):335-342.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  13.  9
    Kant on the Peculiarity of the Human Understanding and the Antinomy of the Teleological Power of Judgment.Idan Shimony - 2018 - In Violetta L. Waibel, Margit Ruffing & David Wagner (eds.), Natur und Freiheit: Akten des XII. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 1677–1684.
    Kant argues in the Critique of the Teleological Power of Judgment that the first stage in resolving the problem of teleology is conceiving it correctly. He explains that the conflict between mechanism and teleology, properly conceived, is an antinomy of the power of judgment in its reflective use regarding regulative maxims, and not an antinomy of the power of judgment in its determining use regarding constitutive principles. The matter in hand does not concern objective propositions regarding the possibility of objects (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14. Scientific Inference.Abner Shimony - 1970 - In Robert Colodny (ed.), The Nature and Function of Scientific Theories. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 4.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  15. Search for a Naturalistic Worldview, Volume 2: Natural Science and Metaphysics.Abner Shimony - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Table of Contents: Acknowledgements; Preface; 1. Integral epistemology; 2. Reality, causality and closing the circle; 3. Search for a world view that can accommodate our knowledge of microphysics; 4. Perception from an evolutionary point of view; 5. Is observation theory-laden? A problem in naturalistic epistemology; 6. Coherence and the axioms of confirmation; 7. An adamite derivation of the principles of the calculus of probability; 8. The status of the principle of maximum entropy; 9. Scientific inference; 10. Reconsiderations on inductive logic; (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  16.  75
    Leibniz and the Vis Viva Controversy.Idan Shimony - 2010 - In Marcelo Dascal (ed.), The Practice of Reason: Leibniz and His Controversies. Philadelphia / Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 51-73.
  17. Metaphysical Problems in the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics.Abner Shimony - 1978 - International Philosophical Quarterly 18 (1):3-17.
  18.  75
    Insolubility of the Quantum Measurement Problem for Unsharp Observables.Paul Busch & Abner Shimony - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 27 (4):397-404.
  19. Contextual Hidden Variables Theories and Bell's Inequalities.Abner Shimony - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (1):25-45.
    Noncontextual hidden variables theories, assigning simultaneous values to all quantum mechanical observables, are inconsistent by theorems of Gleason and others. These theorems do not exclude contextual hidden variables theories, in which a complete state assigns values to physical quantities only relative to contexts. However, any contextual theory obeying a certain factorisability conditions implies one of Bell's Inequalities, thereby precluding complete agreement with quantum mechanical predictions. The present paper distinguishes two kinds of contextual theories, ‘algebraic’ and ‘environmental’, and investigates when factorisability (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  20.  89
    What Was Kant’s Contribution to the Understanding of Biology?Idan Shimony - 2017 - Kant Yearbook 9 (1):159-178.
    Kant’s theory of biology in the Critique of the Power of Judgment may be rejected as obsolete and attacked from two opposite perspectives. In light of recent advances in biology one can claim contra Kant, on the one hand, that biological phenomena, which Kant held could only be explicated with the help of teleological principles, can in fact be explained in an entirely mechanical manner, or on the other, that despite the irreducibility of biology to physico-mechanical explanations, it is nonetheless (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  4
    Insolubility of the Quantum Measurement Problem for Unsharp Observables.Paul Busch & Abner Shimony - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 27 (4):397-404.
  22.  16
    An Adamite Derivation of the Calculus of Probability.Abner Shimony - 1988 - In J. H. Fetzer (ed.), Probability and Causality. D. Reidel.
  23.  71
    The Status of the Principle of Maximum Entropy.Abner Shimony - 1985 - Synthese 63 (1):35 - 53.
  24.  67
    Leibniz, the Young Kant, and Boscovich on the Relationality of Space.Idan Shimony - 2016 - In Wenchao Li (ed.), Für Unser Glück Oder Das Glück Anderer, X. Internationaler Leibniz-Kongress. Hildesheim: Georg Olms. pp. Vol. 2, pp. 73-85.
    Leibniz’s main thesis regarding the nature of space is that space is relational. This means that space is not an independent object or existent in itself, but rather a set of relations between objects existing at the same time. The reality of space, therefore, is derived from objects and their relations. For Leibniz and his successors, this view of space was intimately connected with the understanding of the composite nature of material objects. The nature of the relation between space and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  84
    The Non-Existence of a Principle of Natural Selection.Abner Shimony - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):255-273.
    The theory of natural selection is a rich systematization of biological knowledge without a first principle. When formulations of a proposed principle of natural selection are examined carefully, each is seen to be exhaustively analyzable into a proposition about sources of fitness and a proposition about consequences of fitness. But whenever the fitness of an organic variety is well defined in a given biological situation, its sources are local contingencies together with the background of laws from disciplines other than the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  26.  27
    On Quantum Non-Locality, Special Relativity, and Counterfactual Reasoning.Abner Shimony & Howard Stein - 2003 - In A. Ashtekar (ed.), Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics. pp. 499--521.
  27.  63
    Two Essays on Entropy.Michael Redhead, Rudolf Carnap & Abner Shimony - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (117):364.
  28.  39
    Reflections on the Philosophy of Bohr, Heisenberg, and Schrödinger.Abner Shimony - 1983 - In R. S. Cohen (ed.), Physics, Philosophy, and Psychoanalysis: Essays in Honor of Adolf Grünbaum. D. Reidel Publishing Company. pp. 209--221.
    Many of the pioneers of quantum mechanics — notably Planck, Einstein, Bohr, de Broglie, Heisenberg, Schrodinger, Born, Jordan, Lande, Wigner, and London — were seriously concerned with philosophical questions. In each case one can ask a question of psychological and historical interest: was it a philosophical penchant which drew the investigator towards a kind of physics research which is linked to philosophy, or was it rather that the conceptual difficulties of fundamental physics pulled him willy-nilly into the labyrinth of philosophy? (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  29.  49
    Locke and Leibniz on Freedom and Necessity.Idan Shimony & Yekutiel Shoham - 2016 - In Wenchao Li (ed.), Für Unser Glück Oder Das Glück Anderer, X. Internationaler Leibniz-Kongress. Hildesheim: Georg Olms. pp. Vol. 1, 573-588.
    Locke and Leibniz are often classified as proponents of compatibilist theories of human freedom, since both maintain that freedom is consistent with determinism and that the difference between being and not being free turns on how one is determined. However, we will argue in this paper that their versions of compatibilism are essentially different and that they have significantly distinct commitments to compatibilism. To this end, we will first analyze the definitions and examples for freedom and necessity that Locke and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  90
    Can the Fundamental Laws of Nature Be the Results of Evolution?Abner Shimony - 1999 - In Jeremy Butterfield & Constantine Pagonis (eds.), From Physics to Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 208--223.
  31. The Antinomies and Kant's Conception of Nature.Idan Shimony - 2013 - Dissertation, Tel Aviv University
  32. Comment on Norsen's Defense of Einstein's “Box Argument'.Abner Shimony - 2005 - American Journal of Physics 73:177--178.
  33.  14
    Search for a Naturalistic Worldview. Vol. 1, Scientific Method and Epistemology; Vol. 2, Natural Science and Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Abner Shimony - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (2):311-314.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  34.  82
    An Analysis of Stapp’s “A Bell-Type Theorem Without Hidden Variables”.Abner Shimony - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (1):61-72.
    H.P. Stapp has proposed a number of demonstrations of a Bell-type theorem which dispensed with an assumption of hidden variables, but relied only upon locality together with an assumption that experimenters can choose freely which of several incompatible observables to measure. In recent papers his strategy has centered upon counterfactual conditionals. Stapp’s paper in American Journal of Physics, 2004, replies to objections raised against earlier expositions of this strategy and proposes a simplified demonstration. The new demonstration is criticized, several subtleties (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  24
    Desiderata for a Modified Quantum Dynamics.Abner Shimony - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:49 - 59.
    If quantum mechanics is interpreted as an objective, complete, physical theory, applying to macroscopic as well as microscopic systems, then the linearity of quantum dynamics gives rise to the measurement problem and related problems, which cannot be solved without modifying the dynamics. Eight desiderata are proposed for a reasonable modified theory. They favor a stochastic modification rather than a deterministic non-linear one, but the spontaneous localization theories of Ghirardi et al. and Pearle are criticized. The intermittent fluorescence of a trapped (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  36.  10
    John G. Kemeny and Paul Oppenheim. Degree of Factual Support. Philosophy of Science, Vol. 19 , Pp. 307–324.Abner Shimony - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):190.
  37.  71
    On Carnap: Reflections of a Metaphysical Student. [REVIEW]Abner Shimony - 1992 - Synthese 93 (1-2):261 - 274.
  38.  53
    Perception From an Evolutionary Point of View.Abner Shimony - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy 68 (19):571-583.
  39.  34
    Homage to Rudolf Carnap.Herbert Feigl, Carl G. Hempel, Richard C. Jeffrey, W. V. Quine, A. Shimony, Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, Herbert G. Bohnert, Robert S. Cohen, Charles Hartshorne, David Kaplan, Charles Morris, Maria Reichenbach & Wolfgang Stegmüller - 1970 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970:XI-LXVI.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  40.  12
    Introduction.Abner Shimony - 1985 - Dialectica 39 (2):83-84.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  41.  28
    Wave-Packet Reduction as a Medium of Communication.Joseph Hall, Christopher Kim, Brien McElroy & Abner Shimony - 1977 - Foundations of Physics 7 (9-10):759-767.
    Using an apparatus in which two scalers register decays from a radioactive source, an observer located near one of the scalers attempted to convey a message to an observer located near the other one by choosing to look or to refrain from looking at his scaler. The results indicate that no message was conveyed. Doubt is thereby thrown upon the hypothesis that the reduction of the wave packet is due to the interaction of the physical apparatus with the psyche of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  42.  29
    Kappa Calculus and Evidential Strength: A Note on Åqvist's Logical Theory of Legal Evidence. [REVIEW]Solomon Eyal Shimony & Ephraim Nissan - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (2-3):153-163.
    Lennart Åqvist (1992) proposed a logical theory of legal evidence, based on the Bolding-Ekelöf of degrees of evidential strength. This paper reformulates Åqvist's model in terms of the probabilistic version of the kappa calculus. Proving its acceptability in the legal context is beyond the present scope, but the epistemological debate about Bayesian Law isclearly relevant. While the present model is a possible link to that lineof inquiry, we offer some considerations about the broader picture of thepotential of AI & Law (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  43.  8
    John G. Kemeny. A Contribution to Inductive Logic. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 13 No. 3 , Pp. 371–374. [REVIEW]Abner Shimony - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):189.
  44. Lo Grande, Lo Pequeño y la Mente Humana.Roger Penrose, Nancy Cartwright, S. W. Hawking, M. S. Longair & Abner Shimony - 1999
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45.  47
    Filters with Infinitely Many Components.Abner Shimony - 1971 - Foundations of Physics 1 (4):325-328.
    With the use of a suitable assumption about the structure of the class of experimental filters, it is shown that the sequence of alternating replicas of two filters is their greatest lower bound, as Jauch suggests. A generalization of his suggestion yields the greatest lower bound of a denumerable set of filters. The criteria of admissibility of filters are briefly discussed.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  46.  17
    Critique of the Papers of Fine and Suppes.Abner Shimony - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:572 - 580.
    A combination of methodological considerations and propositions about the causal structure of spacetime provides a reply to Fine's criticisms of the "factorizability requirement" used in several versions of Bell's theorem. His proposal of "action in harmony" is criticized. Experimental tests are proposed for both the "synchronization models" and the "prism models", which Fine has invented as loopholes to Bell's theorem. A theorem of Suppes and Zanotti which purports to show the impossibility of hidden variables is criticized. One of their crucial (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  47. Experimental Metaphysics.Abner Shimony, R. S. Cohen, Michael Horne & John J. Stachel - 1997
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  48.  10
    Paradigm Lost? A Review Symposium.Martin Klein, Abner Shimony & Trevor Pinch - 1979 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 70:429-440.
  49.  90
    A Bayesian Examination of Time-Symmetry in the Process of Measurement.Abner Shimony - 1996 - Erkenntnis 45 (2-3):337 - 348.
    We investigate the thesis of Aharonov, Bergmann, and Lebowitz that time-symmetry holds in ensembles defined by both an initial and a final condition, called preand postselected ensembles. We distinguish two senses of time symmetry and show that the first one, concerning forward directed and time reversed measurements, holds if the measurement process is ideal, but fails if the measurement process is non-ideal, i.e., violates Lüders's rule. The second kind of time symmetry, concerning the interchange of initial and final conditions, fails (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  70
    An Extremum Principle for a Neutron Diffraction Experiment.Gregg Jaeger & Abner Shimony - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (3):435-444.
    An extremum principle was postulated by Horne, Finkelstein, Shull, Zeilinger, and Bernstein in order to derive the physically allowable parameters for sinusoidal standing waves governing a neutron in a crystal which is immersed in a strong external magnetic field: “the expectation value of the total potential 〈V〉 is an extremum.” We show that this extremum principle can be obtained from the variational principle used by Schrodinger to derive his nonrelativistic wave equation. We rederive the solutions found by the above-mentioned authors (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 165