58 found
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  1.  60
    Democracy in Confucianism.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (5):293-303.
    Confucianism’s long historical association with despotism has cast doubts on its compatibility with democracy, and raise questions about its relevance in contemporary societies increasingly dominated by democratic aspirations. “Confucian democracy” has been described as a “contradiction in terms” and Asian politicians have appropriated Confucianism to justify resistance to liberalization and democratization. There has been a lively debate over the question of whether democracy can be found in Confucianism, from ancient texts such as the Analects and Mencius, to Confucian institutions such (...)
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  2.  25
    Why Equality and Which Inequalities?: A Modern Confucian Approach to Democracy.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (2):488-514.
    Those who see Confucianism as a premodern imperial ideology or a traditional religion have no problem characterizing its social ideal as inherently hierarchical, as this is fairly typical of such systems of thought. From this perspective, rather than valuing equality Confucianism takes for granted inequalities among people, and justifies social hierarchies and unequal distribution of power, resources, prestige, and other goods as part of its ethics and its ideal of good government by sagely kings, the justification sometimes involving metaphysical claims (...)
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  3. Review: Of Diversities and Comparisons .. [REVIEW]Sor-Hoon Tan - 2005 - Philosophy East and West 55 (1):111 - 124.
  4.  43
    Authoritative Master Kong (Confucius) in an Authoritarian Age.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2010 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (2):137-149.
    Employing the distinction between the authoritarian (based on coercion) and the authoritative (based on excellence), this study of the understanding of authority in the Analects argues against interpretations of Confucianism which cast Confucius himself as advocating authoritarianism. Passages with key notions such as shang 上 and xia 下; fu 服 and cong 從; quan 權 and wei 威, are analyzed to illuminate ideas of hierarchy, obedience, and the nature of authority itself in the text. The evidence pieced together reveals the (...)
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  5.  19
    Responses to James Tully’s “Deparochializing Political Theory and Beyond”.Garrick Cooper, Charles W. Mills, Sudipta Kaviraj & Sor-Hoon Tan - 2017 - Journal of World Philosophies 2 (1):156-173.
    In their responses to James Tully’s article “Deparochializing Political Theory and Beyond,” Garrick Cooper, Charles W. Mills, Sudipta Kaviraj and Sor-hoon Tan engage with different aspects of Tully’s “genuine dialogue.” While they seem to concur with Tully on the urgency of deparochializing political theory, their responses bring to light salient issues which would have to be thought through in taking this project forward.
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  6.  37
    China's Pragmatist Experiment in Democracy: Hu Shih's Pragmatism and Dewey's Influence in China.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2004 - Metaphilosophy 35 (1‐2):44-64.
  7.  1
    8. Between Family and State: Relational Tensions in Confucian Ethics.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2017 - In Alan K. L. Chan (ed.), Mencius: Contexts and Interpretations. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 169-188.
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  8. Of Diversities and Comparisons .. [REVIEW]Sor-Hoon Tan - 2005 - Philosophy East and West 55 (1):111 - 124.
  9.  39
    The Moral Circle and the Self: Chinese and Western Approaches.Kim Chong Chong, Sor-Hoon Tan & C. L. Ten (eds.) - 2003 - Open Court.
    This question is the theme uniting all these essays by lead Chinese and Western philosophers.
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  10.  51
    The Dao of Politics: Li (Rituals/Rites) and Laws as Pragmatic Tools of Government.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2011 - Philosophy East and West 61 (3):468-491.
    American philosopher John Dewey spent more than two years in China (1919–1921). During and after his visit, he wrote some fairly perceptive and insightful commentaries on China. These were published in periodicals such as the New Republic, Asia, and the China Review, and sometimes in newspapers such as the Baltimore Sun. However, there is hardly any discussion of Chinese philosophy in Dewey’s published works or even his papers and correspondence. Among his rare mentions of Chinese philosophy was an article published (...)
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  11.  27
    From Cannibalism to Empowerment: An Analects-Inspired Attempt to Balance Community and Liberty.Sor-hoon Tan - 2004 - Philosophy East and West 54 (1):52-70.
    Developed here is a Confucian balance between two key democratic ideals, liberty and community, by focusing on the Confucian notion of li (ritual), which has often been considered hostile to liberty. By adopting a semiotic approach to li and relating it to recent studies of ritual in various Western disciplines, li's contribution to communication and its aesthetic dimension are explored to show how emphasizing harmony without sacrificing reflective experience and personal fulfillment renders li a concept of moral empowerment of free (...)
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  12.  24
    Imagining Confucius: Paradigmatic Characters and Virtue Ethics.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2005 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (3):409-426.
  13.  20
    Experimental Democracy for China: Dewey’s Method.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2018 - In Steven Fesmire (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Dewey. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter explores the relevance of Dewey’s philosophy of democracy for China within the context of Dewey’s historical visit to China and continuing debates about his influence among the Chinese. Dewey’s pragmatism illuminates certain problems in the contemporary discourses about China’s democratization, including questions whether Chinese culture is an obstacle to democratization and the strengths of a Deweyan approach to articulating a Confucian democracy that could work in China. Dewey’s emphasis on experimentation in social reforms and his fallibilism regarding the (...)
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  14.  8
    The Confucian Philosophy of Harmony by Chenyang Li.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2015 - Philosophy East and West 65 (2):620-622.
  15.  27
    The Concept of Yi (义) in the Mencius and Problems of Distributive Justice.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (3):489-505.
    This paper examines attempts to find a conception of justice in early Confucian contexts, focusing on the concept of yi (translated as ?appropriateness?, ?right?, ?rightness?, even ?justice?) in the Mencius. It argues against the approach of deriving principles of dividing burdens and benefits from the discussions of concrete cases employing the concept of yi and instead shows that Confucian ethical concerns are more attentive to what kinds of interpersonal relations are appropriate in specific circumstances. It questions the exclusive emphasis in (...)
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  16.  17
    The Concept of Yi (义) in the Mencius and Problems of Distributive Justice.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (3):489-505.
    This paper examines attempts to find a conception of justice in early Confucian contexts, focusing on the concept of yi in the Mencius. It argues against the approach of deriving principles of dividing burdens and benefits from the discussions of concrete cases employing the concept of yi and instead shows that Confucian ethical concerns are more attentive to what kinds of interpersonal relations are appropriate in specific circumstances. It questions the exclusive emphasis in justice-centred ethical discourse on assessing actions, and (...)
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  17.  53
    Confucian Democracy as Pragmatic Experiment: Uniting Love of Learning and Love of Antiquity.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2007 - Asian Philosophy 17 (2):141 – 166.
    This paper argues for the pragmatic construction of Confucian democracy by showing that Chinese philosophers who wish to see Confucianism flourish again as a positive dimension of Chinese civilization need to approach it pragmatically and democratically, otherwise their love of the past is at the expense of something else Confucius held in equal esteem, love of learning. Chinese philosophers who desire democracy for China would do well to learn from the earlier failures of the iconoclastic Westernizers, and realize that a (...)
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  18.  14
    Beyond Elitism: A Community Ideal for a Modern East Asia.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2009 - Philosophy East and West 59 (4):537-553.
    It is often remarked that East Asian polities have been hierarchical and the “elite” category continues to figure prominently in works on Chinese society and politics. Many scholars believe that hierarchy and elitism are deeply rooted in Confucianism, which served as the state orthodoxy in imperial China and provided the “psycho-cultural construct” of the way of life in other East Asian cultural communities as well. It is therefore not surprising that some should believe that if modern Confucian societies are to (...)
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  19.  26
    The Pragmatic Confucian Approach to Tradition in Modernizing China.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (4):23-44.
    This paper explores the Confucian veneration of the past and its commitment to transmitting the tradition of the sages. It does so by placing it in the context of the historical trajectory from the May Fourth attacks on Confucianism and its scientistic, iconoclastic approach to “saving China,” to similar approaches to China’s modernization in later decades, through the market reforms that launched China into global capitalism, to the revival of Confucianism in recent years. It reexamines the association of the Pragmatism (...)
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  20.  18
    Teaching & Learning Guide For: Democracy in Confucianism.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (9):665-668.
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  21.  26
    Political Implications of Confucian Familism.Antonio Rappa & Sor-Hoon Tan - 2003 - Asian Philosophy 13 (2 & 3):87 – 102.
    The family could be mobilized as a political resource for economic 'development'. What kind of family would be compatible with a knowledge-based economy? We argue that authoritarian Confucian familism is incompatible with the knowledge-based economy; but it is possible to construct a different model of the ideal Confucian family which will be compatible with such an economy: a family ideal that emphasizes internal strengths of relationships rather than building barriers to keep out 'undesirable influences', that advocates a respect for authority (...)
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  22.  17
    Introduction.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2012 - Comparative Philosophy 4 (1):3-6.
    This is the introduction to the content of the jounrnal's special issue (vol. 4 no. 1 / January 2013) celebrating the tenth anniversary of the International Society for Comparative Studies of Chinese and Western Philosophy (ISCWP), which includes five peer-reviewed articles by ISCWP members.
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  23.  44
    Beyond Liberal Democracy: A Debate on Democracy and Confucian Meritocracy.Fred Dallmayr, Chenyang Li, Sor-Hoon Tan & Daniel A. Bell - 2009 - Philosophy East and West 59 (4):523-523.
  24. Can There Be a Confucian Civil Society?Sor-Hoon Tan - 2003 - In Kim Chong Chong, Sor-Hoon Tan & C. L. Ten (eds.), The Moral Circle and the Self: Chinese and Western Approaches. Open Court.
  25.  36
    Confucian Political Ethics – by Daniel A. Bell: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Sor-Hoon Tan - 2009 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 36 (1):177-180.
  26.  4
    Is Public Space Suited to Co-Operative Inquiry?Sor-Hoon Tan - 2002 - Innovation / Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research 15 (1):23-32.
    This article questions the nature of the philosophical commitment to the problem of 'the public' in modernity. To what extent does the natural form of the public determine the use and value of the instruments of pragmatism in the public-private divide. In this interpretation, John Dewey's ideas about 'the public' are presented in terms of how to solve a specific problem through what he sees as 'co-operative inquiry'. The article also examines the role of public space in the process of (...)
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  27.  28
    Review of A Cloud Across the Pacific: Essays on the Clash Between Chinese and Western Political Theories Today by Thomas A. Metzger. [REVIEW]Sor-hoon Tan - 2008 - Philosophy East and West 58 (3):420-424.
  28.  18
    Review of Relativism and Beyond by Yoav Ariel; Shlomo Biderman; Ornan Rotem. [REVIEW]Sor-Hoon Tan - 2007 - Philosophy East and West 57 (4):603-607.
  29.  25
    Li (Ritual/Rite) and Tian (Heaven/Nature) in the Xunzi: Does Confucian Li Need Metaphysics? [REVIEW]Sor-Hoon Tan - 2012 - Sophia 51 (2):155-175.
    Ritual (li) is central to Confucian ethics and political philosophy. Robert Neville believes that Chinese Philosophy has an important role to play in our times by bringing ritual theory to the analysis of global moral and political issues. In a recent work, Neville maintains that ritual ‘needs a contemporary metaphysical expression if its importance is to be seen.’ This paper examines Neville's claim through a detailed study of the ‘ethics of ritual’ in one of the early Confucian texts, the Xunzi. (...)
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  30.  42
    Karyn Lai, Learning From Chinese Philosophies: Ethics of Independent and Contextualised Self , Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2006, 218 Pp., ISBN: 0754633829, Hb. [REVIEW]Sor-Hoon Tan - 2007 - Sophia 46 (1):99-102.
    Learning from Chinese Philosophies explores early Confucianism and Daoism in order to engage today’s problems. By bringing into thoughtful play Confucian ideas of self and society and Daoist understanding of situated self, the author uses the debate between the two philosophies to argue for her understanding of Confucian moral thinking and Daoist metaethics. According to Lai, Daoist metaethics question dichotomous frameworks and discuss the unity of opposites enabling dynamic interplay of nonantagonistic polarities. Lai not only rejects comparisons of Confucianism to (...)
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  31. Raymond Aron, The Dawn of Universal History. New York: Basic Books, 2003, 518 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0-465-00408-3, $22.00 (Pb). Linda A. Bell, Beyond the Margins: Reflections of a Feminist Philosopher. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003, 245 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0-7914-5904-7, $17.95 (Pb). [REVIEW]E. Christian Brugger, Stella Chen, Carrie E. Reed, Cao Yuqing, Kim-Chong Chong, Sor-Hoon Tan & C. L. Ten - 2004 - Journal of Value Inquiry 38:433-435.
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  32.  27
    Olberding, Amy, Moral Exemplars in the Analects: The Good Person Is That: New York: Routledge, 2012, X + 232 Pages. [REVIEW]Sor-Hoon Tan - 2013 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (2):261-265.
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  33.  41
    Experience as Art.Sor-Hoon Tan - 1999 - Asian Philosophy 9 (2):107 – 122.
    Chinese philosophy views experience as intrinsically aesthetic. This world view could be elucidated through a consideration of John Dewey's aesthetics and features of Chinese art. Dewey's philosophy of art starts with an understanding of experience as 'live processes' of living creatures interacting with their environment. Such processes are autopoietic in being self-sustaining, ever-changing, capable of increasing complexity, capable of generating novelty, direction and progress on its own. Its autopoietic character is a precondition of the aesthetic in the process of experience. (...)
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  34.  30
    Cultural Crossings Against Ethnocentric Currents.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2005 - International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (4):433-445.
    Despite contemporary Confucianism’s aspirations to be a world philosophy, there is an ethnocentric strand within the Confucian tradition, most glaringly exemplified in Han Yu’s attacks on Buddhism. This paper re-assesses Confucian ethnocentrism in the context of contrary practices that indicate a more pragmatic attitude among Confucians toward cross-cultural interactions. It argues that while the ethnocentric tendency serves as constant reminder of the need for vigilance, and recognition of the difficulties of crossing cultural boundaries, there are nevertheless resources within Confucianism for (...)
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  35.  37
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Zain Ali, Max Charlesworth, Hans-Georg Moeller, Christopher W. Gowans, Shalom Goldman, Dmitry A. Olshansky, Sor-Hoon Tan & Patrick Hutchings - 2005 - Sophia 44 (2):71-87.
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  36.  19
    Review: Erin M. Cline, Confucius, Rawls, and the Sense of Justice. [REVIEW]Sor-Hoon Tan - forthcoming - Philosophical Explorations.
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  37.  16
    Early Confucian Concept of Yi (议)and Deliberative Democracy.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2014 - Political Theory 42 (1):82-105.
    Contributors to the debates about the compatibility of Confucianism and democracy and its implications for China’s democratization often adopt definitions of democracy that theories of deliberative democracy are critical of. Attention to deliberative democracy is timely given its importance in democratic discourses and recent experiments in “deliberative” or “consultative” democracy in China. Would Confucian understanding of political deliberation help or hinder deliberative democracy? This essay compares the concept of yi in the early Confucian texts with a contemporary concept of democratic (...)
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  38.  17
    Xunzi and Naturalistic Ethics.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2015 - Journal of Value Inquiry 49 (1-2):247-265.
    The ascendency of science in modern times makes it commonplace to accept that science presents the only true and correct image of reality. This has led to naturalization attempts in various domains, from epistemology, metaphysics, to philosophy of mind, and ethics. Naturalistic ethics may mean different things depending on what we consider natural. David Copp equates it with the empirical – emphasizing the relevance of empirical evidence to justification – while admitting that what is empirical is itself problematic.David Copp, Morality (...)
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  39.  32
    Huang, Junjie, and J Iang Yihua, Eds., New Explorations of Public and Private Spheres: Comparison of East Asian and Western View Points 公私領域新探:東亞與西方觀點之比較.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2009 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 8 (2):221-224.
  40.  10
    Mentor or Friend?: Confucius and Aristotle on Equality and Ethical Development in Friendship.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2001 - International Studies in Philosophy 33 (4):99-121.
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  41.  25
    Beyond Liberal Democracy: Political Thinking for an East Asian Context – By Daniel A. Bell.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2011 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (1):157-161.
  42.  16
    Cline, Erin M. Confucius, Rawls, and the Sense of Justice.New York: Fordham University Press, 2013. Pp. 354. $65.00. [REVIEW]Sor-Hoon Tan - 2014 - Ethics 124 (2):388-392.
  43.  21
    Mentor or Friend?Sor-Hoon Tan - 2001 - International Studies in Philosophy 33 (4):99-121.
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  44.  24
    Polishing the Chinese Mirror: Essays in Honor of Henry Rosemont, Jr. (Review).Sor-Hoon Tan - 2011 - Philosophy East and West 61 (1):236-240.
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  45.  21
    Ritual and Deference: Extending Chinese Philosophy in a Comparative Context.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2012 - Philosophy East and West 62 (1):131-134.
    The twelve elegant essays in this slim volume by Robert Cummings Neville, Ritual and Deference: Extending Chinese Philosophy in a Comparative Context, originating in lectures and projects of varying purposes, crystallize Neville’s “Confucian program” of comparative philosophy, which has been taking shape in his earlier works. More accessible than his other monographs, its apparent simplicity is deceptive. While it would inspire and benefit even the novice, only those who have traveled some distance on the same arduous journey would fully appreciate (...)
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  46.  10
    Of Diversities and Comparisons..Sor-Hoon Tan - 2005 - Philosophy East and West 55 (1):111-124.
  47.  10
    Our Country Right or Wrong: A Pragmatic Response to Anti-Democratic Cultural Nationalism in China.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2010 - Contemporary Pragmatism 7 (2):45-69.
    Since Deng Xiaoping came into power, China has been described as pragmatic in its approach to politics and development, and in the nineties there has been a revival of interest in Chinese cultural tradition. What is the relation between these two phenomena? Do they coexist, separately in mutual indifference, or in tension? Has there been constructive engagement, or at the very least does the potential for such engagement exist? More specifically, what roles, if any, do they play in China's quest (...)
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  48.  16
    From Cannibalism to Empowerment: An.Sor-hoon Tan - 2004 - Philosophy East and West 54 (1).
    : Developed here is a Confucian balance between two key democratic ideals, liberty and community, by focusing on the Confucian notion of li (ritual), which has often been considered hostile to liberty. By adopting a semiotic approach to li and relating it to recent studies of ritual in various Western disciplines, li's contribution to communication and its aesthetic dimension are explored to show how emphasizing harmony without sacrificing reflective experience and personal fulfillment renders li a concept of moral empowerment of (...)
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  49.  6
    Review of Polishing the Chinese Mirror: Essays in Honor of Henry Rosemont, Jr. [REVIEW]Sor-Hoon Tan - 2011 - Philosophy East and West 61 (1):236-240.
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  50.  7
    Democracy and the Intersection of Religion and Traditions.Sor-Hoon Tan - 2013 - Education and Culture 29 (2):187-190.
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