33 found
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  1. What should recognition entail? Responding to the reification of autonomy and vulnerability in medical research.Jonathan Lewis & Soren Holm - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (7):491-492.
    Smajdor argues that “recognition” is the solution to the “reifying attitude” that results from “the urge to protect ‘vulnerable’ people through exclusion from research”. Drawing on theories of reification, we argue that it is the concepts of autonomy and vulnerability themselves that have been reified, resulting in the impoverishment of approaches to autonomy at law and in research ethics. Overcoming such reification demands a deeper consideration of the grounds on which vulnerable individuals are owed recognition and thereby the forms such (...)
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  2.  42
    Gender dysphoria in adolescents: can adolescents or parents give valid consent to puberty blockers?Simona Giordano, Fae Garland & Soren Holm - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    This article considers the claim that gender diverse minors and their families should not be able to consent to hormonal treatment for gender dysphoria. The claim refers particularly to hormonal treatment with so-called ‘blockers’, analogues that suspend temporarily pubertal development. We discuss particularly four reasons why consent may be deemed invalid in these cases: the decision is too complex; the decision-makers are too emotionally involved; the decision-makers are on a ‘conveyor belt’; the possibility of detransitioning. We examine each of these (...)
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  3.  21
    A scoping review of the literature featuring research ethics and research integrity cases.Péter Kakuk, Soren Holm, János Kristóf Bodnár, Mohammad Hosseini, Jonathan Lewis, Bert Gordijn & Anna Catharina Vieira Armond - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-14.
    BackgroundThe areas of Research Ethics (RE) and Research Integrity (RI) are rapidly evolving. Cases of research misconduct, other transgressions related to RE and RI, and forms of ethically questionable behaviors have been frequently published. The objective of this scoping review was to collect RE and RI cases, analyze their main characteristics, and discuss how these cases are represented in the scientific literature.MethodsThe search included cases involving a violation of, or misbehavior, poor judgment, or detrimental research practice in relation to a (...)
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  4.  67
    Informed consent and routinisation.Thomas Ploug & Soren Holm - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (4):214-218.
    This article introduces the notion of ‘routinisation’ into discussions of informed consent. It is argued that the routinisation of informed consent poses a threat to the protection of the personal autonomy of a patient through the negotiation of informed consent. On the basis of a large survey, we provide evidence of the routinisation of informed consent in various types of interaction on the internet; among these, the routinisation of consent to the exchange of health related information. We also provide evidence (...)
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  5.  18
    The biobank consent debate: why ‘meta-consent’ is still the solution!Thomas Ploug & Soren Holm - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (5):295-297.
    In a recent article in the Journal of Medical Ethics, Neil Manson sets out to show that the meta-consent model of informed consent is not the solution to perennial debate on the ethics of biobank participation. In this response, we shall argue that Manson’s considerations on the costs of a meta-consent model are incomplete and therefore misleading; his view that a model of broad consent passes a threshold of moral acceptability rests on an analogy that misconstrues how biobank research is (...)
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  6.  7
    Sport-related concussion research agenda beyond medical science: culture, ethics, science, policy.Mike McNamee, Lynley C. Anderson, Pascal Borry, Silvia Camporesi, Wayne Derman, Soren Holm, Taryn Rebecca Knox, Bert Leuridan, Sigmund Loland, Francisco Javier Lopez Frias, Ludovica Lorusso, Dominic Malcolm, David McArdle, Brad Partridge, Thomas Schramme & Mike Weed - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    The Concussion in Sport Group guidelines have successfully brought the attention of brain injuries to the global medical and sport research communities, and has significantly impacted brain injury-related practices and rules of international sport. Despite being the global repository of state-of-the-art science, diagnostic tools and guides to clinical practice, the ensuing consensus statements remain the object of ethical and sociocultural criticism. The purpose of this paper is to bring to bear a broad range of multidisciplinary challenges to the processes and (...)
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  7.  9
    Rethinking Human Embryo Research Policies.Kirstin R. W. Matthews, Ana S. Iltis, Nuria Gallego Marquez, Daniel S. Wagner, Jason Scott Robert, Inmaculada de Melo-Martín, Marieke Bigg, Sarah Franklin, Soren Holm, Ingrid Metzler, Matteo A. Molè, Jochen Taupitz, Giuseppe Testa & Jeremy Sugarman - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (1):47-51.
    It now seems technically feasible to culture human embryos beyond the “fourteen‐day limit,” which has the potential to increase scientific understanding of human development and perhaps improve infertility treatments. The fourteen‐day limit was adopted as a compromise but subsequently has been considered an ethical line. Does it remain relevant in light of technological advances permitting embryo maturation beyond it? Should it be changed and, if so, how and why? What justifications would be necessary to expand the limit, particularly given that (...)
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  8.  44
    Organs as inheritable property?Teck Chuan Voo & Soren Holm - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (1):57-61.
    It has been argued that organs should be treated as individual tradable property like other material possessions and assets, on the basis that this would promote individual freedom and increase efficiency in addressing the shortage of organs for transplantation. If organs are to be treated as property, should they be inheritable? This paper seeks to contribute to the idea of organs as inheritable property by providing a defence of a default of the family of a dead person as inheritors of (...)
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  9. Equipoise, standard of care, and consent: Responding to the authorisation of new COVID-19 treatments in randomised controlled trials.Soren Holm, Jonathan Lewis & Rafael Dal-Ré - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics:1-6.
    In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, large-scale research and pharmaceutical regulatory processes have proceeded at a dramatically increased pace with new and effective, evidence-based COVID-19 interventions rapidly making their way into the clinic. However, the swift generation of high-quality evidence and the efficient processing of regulatory authorisation have given rise to more specific and complex versions of well-known research ethics issues. In this paper, we identify three such issues by focusing on the authorisation of Molnupiravir, a novel antiviral medicine aimed (...)
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  10.  36
    The Journal of Medical Ethics and Medical Humanities: offsprings of the London Medical Group.Alastair V. Campbell, Raanan Gillon, Julian Savulescu, John Harris, Soren Holm, H. Martyn Evans, David Greaves, Jane Macnaughton, Deborah Kirklin & Sue Eckstein - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (11):667-668.
    Ted Shotter's founding of the London Medical Group 50 years ago in 1963 had several far reaching implications for medical ethics, as other papers in this issue indicate. Most significant for the joint authors of this short paper was his founding of the quarterly Journal of Medical Ethics in 1975, with Alastair Campbell as its first editor-in-chief. In 1980 Raanan Gillon began his 20-year editorship . Gillon was succeeded in 2001 by Julian Savulescu, followed by John Harris and Soren Holm (...)
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  11.  19
    Access to Health Care in the Scandinavian Countries: Ethical Aspects.Sören Holm, Per-Erik Liss & Ole Frithjof Norheim - 1999 - Health Care Analysis 7 (4):321-330.
    The health care systems are fairly similar in theScandinavian countries. The exact details vary, but inall three countries the system is almost exclusivelypublicly funded through taxation, and most (or all)hospitals are also publicly owned and managed. Thecountries also have a fairly strong primary caresector (even though it varies between the countries),with family physicians to various degrees acting asgatekeepers to specialist services. In Denmark most ofthe GP services are free. For the patient in Norwayand Sweden there are out-of-pocket co-payments for GPconsultations, (...)
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  12.  20
    The peaceable pluralistic society and the question of persons.Soren Holm - 1988 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 13 (4):379-386.
    In his recent book The Foundation of Bioethics , H. Tristam Engelhardt Jr. advances the idea of a peaceable pluralist moral society based on principles of autonomy, beneficience, and ownership. This paper tries to show that unless there is one and only one rationally sustainable definition of "a person", then the peaceable society cannot remain peaceable, but will be stirred up by groups with different and equally rational definitions. The paper further tries to show that Engelhardt's own definition of "a (...)
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  13.  7
    Equipoise, standard of care and consent: responding to the authorisation of new COVID-19 treatments in randomised controlled trials.Soren Holm, Jonathan Lewis & Rafael Dal-Ré - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (7):465-470.
    In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, large-scale research and pharmaceutical regulatory processes have proceeded at a dramatically increased pace with new and effective, evidence-based COVID-19 interventions rapidly making their way into the clinic. However, the swift generation of high-quality evidence and the efficient processing of regulatory authorisation have given rise to more specific and complex versions of well-known research ethics issues. In this paper, we identify three such issues by focusing on the authorisation of molnupiravir, a novel antiviral medicine aimed (...)
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  14. Abortion.John Harris & Soren Holm - 2003 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  15.  7
    Pre-diabetes in the elderly and the see-saw model of paternalism.Patrick Burch & Soren Holm - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (11):719-721.
    Pre-diabetes is a risk factor for the development of diabetes, not a disease in its own right. The prevalence increases with age and reaches nearly 50% of those aged over 75 years in the USA. While lifestyle modification and treatment are likely to benefit those with many years of life ahead of them, they are unlikely to benefit patients with a limited life expectancy. Despite this, some very elderly patients in the UK and elsewhere are being labelled as pre-diabetic. While (...)
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  16.  13
    Moral Standards.John Harris, Soren Holm, Udo Schüklenk, David Mertz & Juliet Richters - 1995 - Health Care Analysis 3 (3):270-272.
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  17.  8
    Control, trust and the sharing of health information: the limits of trust.Soren Holm, Thomas Birk Kristiansen & Thomas Ploug - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):e35-e35.
    Clinical information about patients is increasingly being stored in electronic form and has therefore become more easily shareable. Data are collected as part of clinical care but have multiple other potential uses in relation to health system planning, audit and research. The use of clinical information for these secondary uses is controversial, and the ability to safeguard personal and sensitive data under current practices is contested.In this study, we investigate the attitudes of a representative sample of the Danish population towards (...)
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  18. Ethical Aspects of the Use of 'Sensitive Information' in Health Care Research.Soren Holm & Peter Rossel - 2001 - In Rebecca Bennett & Charles A. Erin (eds.), Hiv and Aids, Testing, Screening, and Confidentiality. Clarendon Press.
     
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  19.  12
    HOLBERG, GRUNDTVIG, KIERKEGAARD, drei dänische Denker.Sören Holm - 1965 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 7 (1):49-61.
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  20. Is Society Responsible for My Health?Soren Holm - 2001 - In Rebecca Bennett & Charles A. Erin (eds.), Hiv and Aids, Testing, Screening, and Confidentiality. Clarendon Press.
     
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  21.  14
    John Harris.Soren Holm - 2003 - In LaFollette H. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 112.
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  22.  93
    Mind, body, and mental illness.Soren Holm - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (4):337-341.
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  23.  17
    My (Danish) living will.Soren Holm - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (1):2-2.
  24. Medical Ethics.Soren Holm - 2012 - In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  25. Medical Ethics.Soren Holm - 2009 - In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 455–458.
    This chapter contains sections titled: History Specific Features of Medical Ethics Recent Developments References and Further Reading.
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  26. Religionsphilosophie.Sören Holm - 1961 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 16 (4):453-454.
     
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  27.  15
    Response to the Commentary.Soren Holm - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (4):347-347.
  28. Soren Kierkegaard's Geschichtsphilosophie.SOREN HOLM - 1956
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  29.  1
    The Role of Informed Consent in Genetic Experimentation.Soren Holm - 2004 - In Justine Burley & John Harris (eds.), A Companion to Genethics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 82–91.
    The prelims comprise: Introduction The Doctrine of Informed Consent I will make you an offer you cannot refuse! Consenting to an Unknown Future Consenting for Future Generations Research without Consent? Conclusion.
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  30.  6
    Rethinking Human Embryo Research Policies.Kirstin R. W. Matthews, Ana S. Iltis, Nuria Gallego Marquez, Daniel S. Wagner, Jason Scott Robert, Inmaculada Melo-Martín, Marieke Bigg, Sarah Franklin, Soren Holm, Ingrid Metzler, Matteo A. Molè, Jochen Taupitz, Giuseppe Testa & Jeremy Sugarman - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (1):47-51.
    It now seems technically feasible to culture human embryos beyond the “fourteen‐day limit,” which has the potential to increase scientific understanding of human development and perhaps improve infertility treatments. The fourteen‐day limit was adopted as a compromise but subsequently has been considered an ethical line. Does it remain relevant in light of technological advances permitting embryo maturation beyond it? Should it be changed and, if so, how and why? What justifications would be necessary to expand the limit, particularly given that (...)
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  31.  19
    Editorial Rethinking risk.Sören Holm - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):239-240.
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  32.  12
    Book Review. [REVIEW]Soren Holm - 2000 - Medical Humanities 26 (1):61-62.
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  33.  81
    The Allocation of Health Care Resources: An Ethical Evaluation of the ‘‘QALY’’ Approach. [REVIEW]Soren Holm - 2000 - Ethics 110 (3):627-628.
    This book contains a sustained defense of the Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALY) approach to resource allocation in health care. According to this approach resources should be allocated in such a way that the number of QALYs gained is maximized. The authors place this approach within a broader preference Utilitarian framework and argue that it is a special case of consequentialism specifically relevant to the health care field. The first two chapters of the book give a basic introduction to the (...)
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