Results for 'Spassena P. Koleva'

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  1.  41
    Tracing the threads: How five moral concerns help explain culture war attitudes.Spassena P. Koleva, Jesse Graham, Ravi Iyer, Peter H. Ditto & Jonathan Haidt - 2012 - Journal of Research in Personality 46 (2):184-194.
    Commentators have noted that the issue stands taken by each side of the American “culture war” lack conceptual consistency and can even seem contradictory. We sought to understand the psychological underpinnings of culture war attitudes using Moral Foundations Theory. In two studies involving 24,739 participants and 20 such issues, we found that endorsement of five moral foundations predicted judgments about these issues over and above ideology, age, gender, religious attendance, and interest in politics. Our results suggest that dispositional tendencies, particularly (...)
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  2.  51
    Moral Empathy Gaps and the American Culture War.Peter H. Ditto & Spassena P. Koleva - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):331-332.
    Our inability to feel what others feel makes it difficult to understand how they think. Because moral intuitions organize political attitudes, moral empathy gaps can exacerbate political conflict (and other kinds of conflict as well) by contributing to the perception that people who do not share our moral opinions are unintelligent and/or have malevolent intentions.
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  3. Understanding Libertarian Morality: The Psychological Dispositions of Self-Identified Libertarians.Ravi Iyer, Spassena Koleva, Jesse Graham, Peter Ditto & Jonathan Haidt - 2012 - PLoS ONE 7 (8):e42366.
    Libertarians are an increasingly prominent ideological group in U.S. politics, yet they have been largely unstudied. Across 16 measures in a large web-based sample that included 11,994 self-identified libertarians, we sought to understand the moral and psychological characteristics of self-described libertarians. Based on an intuitionist view of moral judgment, we focused on the underlying affective and cognitive dispositions that accompany this unique worldview. Compared to self-identified liberals and conservatives, libertarians showed 1) stronger endorsement of individual liberty as their foremost guiding (...)
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  4.  44
    Moral identity in psychopathy.Andrea L. Glenn, Spassena Koleva, Ravi Iyer, Jesse Graham & Peter H. Ditto - 2010 - Judgment and Decision Making 5 (7):497–505.
    Several scholars have recognized the limitations of theories of moral reasoning in explaining moral behavior. They have argued that moral behavior may also be influenced by moral identity, or how central morality is to one’s sense of self. This idea has been supported by findings that people who exemplify moral behavior tend to place more importance on moral traits when defining their self-concepts (Colby & Damon, 1995). This paper takes the next step of examining individual variation in a construct highly (...)
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  5.  72
    Mapping the moral domain.Jesse Graham, Brian A. Nosek, Jonathan Haidt, Ravi Iyer, Spassena Koleva & Peter H. Ditto - 2011 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 101 (2):366-385.
    The moral domain is broader than the empathy and justice concerns assessed by existing measures of moral competence, and it is not just a subset of the values assessed by value inventories. To fill the need for reliable and theoretically grounded measurement of the full range of moral concerns, we developed the Moral Foundations Questionnaire on the basis of a theoretical model of 5 universally available sets of moral intuitions: Harm/Care, Fairness/Reciprocity, Ingroup/Loyalty, Authority/Respect, and Purity/Sanctity. We present evidence for the (...)
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  6.  10
    Reply to glymor.P. M. Churchland - 1998 - In Paul M. Churchland & Patricia Smith Churchland (eds.), On the Contrary: Critical Essays, 1987-1997. Cambridge: MIT Press.
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  7.  27
    The Logic of Education.P. H. Hirst, R. S. Peters & Ian Gregory - 1972 - Philosophical Books 13 (1):9-11.
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  8. How Experiments End.P. Galison - 1990 - Synthese 82 (1):157-162.
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  9.  47
    Plato and the mythic tradition in political thought.P. E. Digeser, Rebecca LeMoine, Jill Frank, David Lay Williams, Jacob Abolafia & Tae-Yeoun Keum - 2022 - Contemporary Political Theory 21 (4):611-639.
  10.  18
    Truth.P. F. Strawson - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (3):299-299.
  11.  23
    Bernard Williams.Mark P. Jenkins - 2006 - Routledge.
    From his earliest work on personal identity to his last on the value of truthfulness, the ideas and arguments of Bernard Williams - in the metaphysics of personhood, in the history of philosophy, but especially in ethics and moral psychology - have proved sometimes controversial, often influential, and always worth studying. This book provides a comprehensive account of Williams's many significant contributions to contemporary philosophy. Topics include personal identity, various critiques of moral theory, practical reasoning and moral motivation, truth and (...)
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  12.  10
    The Uniqueness of the Individual.P. B. Medawar - 1957 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1957, The Uniqueness of the Individual is a collection of 9 essays published from the ten years preceding publication. The essays deal with some of the central problems of biology. These are among the questions put and answered from the standpoint of modern experimental biology. What is ageing and how is it measured? What theories have been held to account for it, and with what success? Did ageing evolve, and if so how? Is Lamarckism and adequate explanation (...)
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  13.  46
    The nature of physical theory.P. W. Bridgman - 1936 - Princeton,: Princeton University Press.
  14. Fast machine-learning online optimization of ultra-cold-atom experiments.P. B. Wigley, P. J. Everitt, A. van den Hengel, J. W. Bastian, M. A. Sooriyabandara, G. D. McDonald, K. S. Hardman, C. D. Quinlivan, P. Manju, C. C. N. Kuhn, I. R. Petersen, A. N. Luiten, J. J. Hope, N. P. Robins & M. R. Hush - 2016 - Sci. Rep 6:25890.
    We apply an online optimization process based on machine learning to the production of Bose-Einstein condensates. BEC is typically created with an exponential evaporation ramp that is optimal for ergodic dynamics with two-body s-wave interactions and no other loss rates, but likely sub-optimal for real experiments. Through repeated machine-controlled scientific experimentation and observations our ’learner’ discovers an optimal evaporation ramp for BEC production. In contrast to previous work, our learner uses a Gaussian process to develop a statistical model of the (...)
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  15.  23
    The Sphere Model of Consciousness: From Geometrical to Neuro-Psycho-Educational Perspectives.P. Paoletti & T. Dotan Ben Soussan - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (3):395-415.
    The present article addresses the logic of the sphere, or the Sphere Model of Consciousness developed by Patrizio Paoletti over three decades of research. M.E.D. Ed., 2002; Flussi, territori, luogo II. M.E.D. Ed., 2002; Fare il punto nave. M.E.D. Ed., 2005; In: Proceedings conference at Leslie and Susan Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center. Bar Ilan University. Faculty of Neuroscience, Israel, 2007; Osservazione—Quaderni di Pedagogia per il Terzo Millennio, Ed. 3P, 2011; Mediazione—Quaderni di Pedagogia per il Terzo Millennio, Ed. 3P, 2011). (...)
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  16.  16
    Implicit Fuzzy Specifications, Inferior to Explicit Balancing.Joseph P. DeMarco, Paul J. Ford & Susannah L. Rose - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (7):21-23.
    Lukas J. Meier et al. offer the promise of a pathway for resolving clinical bioethical problems using an artificial intelligence interface. The ultimate goal, we assume, is...
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  17.  16
    DEI Is Not Enough.Nancy M. P. King - 2022 - Hastings Center Report 52 (3):3-3.
    Hastings Center Report, Volume 52, Issue 3, Page 3-3, May–June 2022.
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  18. The Adventure of Reason the Uses of Philosophy in Sociology /H.P. Rickman. --. --.H. P. Rickman - 1983 - Greenwood Press, 1983.
     
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  19.  56
    Eric G. Jay: New Testament Greek. An Introductory Grammar. Pp. viii+350. London: S.P.C.K., 1958. Boards, 21 s. net.R. P. C. Hanson - 1959 - The Classical Review 9 (03):290-291.
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  20.  4
    Judicial liberalism and capitalism: Justice field reconsidered: Michael P. Zuckert.Michael P. Zuckert - 2011 - Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (2):102-134.
    Justice Stephen J. Field was the champion of a form of liberalism often said to be especially friendly to capitalism, the approach to the Constitution traditionally identified with “Lochnerism,” i.e., a laissez-faire oriented judicial activism. More recently a form of judicial revisionism has arisen, challenging the accepted descriptions of “Lochnerism” and of Field's jurisprudence. This article is an attempt to extend the revisionist approach by arriving at a more satisfactory understanding of the grounding of Field's jurisprudence in the natural rights (...)
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  21. On Climate Change Research, the Crisis of Science and Second-order Science.P. Aufenvenne, H. Egner & K. Elverfeldt - 2014 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):120-129.
    Context: This conceptual paper tries to tackle the advantages and the limitations that might arise from including second-order science into global climate change sciences, a research area that traditionally focuses on first-order approaches and that is currently attracting a lot of media and public attention. Problem: The high profile of climate change research seems to provoke a certain dilemma for scientists: despite the slowly increasing realization within the sciences that our knowledge is temporary, tentative, uncertain, and far from stable, the (...)
     
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  22.  27
    Studies in Stoicism.P. A. Brunt & Michael Crawford - 2013 - Oxford: Oxford University Press. Edited by Michael H. Crawford, Miriam T. Griffin & Alison Samuels.
    Studies in Stoicism contains six unpublished and seven republished essays, the latter incorporating additions and changes which Brunt wished to be made. The papers have been integrated and arranged in chronological order by subject matter, with an accessible lecture to the Oxford Philological Society serving as Brunt's own introduction.
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  23.  35
    Studies in the Problem of Norms. George P. Adams, J. Loewenberg, Stephen C. Pepper.A. P. Brogan - 1926 - International Journal of Ethics 37 (3):314-317.
  24.  5
    La Mystique de la Passion: Étude sur la Doctrine Spirituelle de Saint Paul de la Croix.P. Cunning - 1965 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 14:272-273.
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  25.  14
    Moral Reflections on Strict Liability in Copyright.P. Goold - forthcoming - Columbia Journal of Law and the Arts.
    Accidental infringement of copyright is a pervasive and largely ignored problem. In the twenty-first century, it has become increasingly easy to infringe copyright unintentionally. When such accidental infringement occurs, copyright law holds the user strictly liable. Prior literature has questioned whether the strict liability standard is normatively defensible. In particular, prior literature has asked whether the strict liability standard ought to be reformed for economic reasons. This Article examines the accidental infringement problem from a new perspective. It considers whether it (...)
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  26. Zdorovʹe nat︠s︡ii, kulʹtura, futurologii︠a︡ XXI veka: Sbornik stateĭ i dokladov V.P. Kaznacheeva, 2007-2012 gg.V. P. Kaznacheev - 2012 - Novosibirsk: Zso Msa.
     
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  27.  5
    Letters.P. A. Ubel - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (1):103-108.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10.1 (2000) 103-108 [Access article in PDF] Letters "Small Sacrifices" in Stem Cell Research Madam: I agree with Professors McGee and Caplan (in their article "The Ethics and Politics of Small Sacrifices in Stem Cell Research," KIEJ, June 1999) that the question of the nature and status of the source of stem cells must be addressed. However, in their eagerness to convince us of (...)
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  28.  6
    Open Systems and Autonomy.James Ladyman & Karim P. Y. Thebault - unknown
    This paper designs and defends a conceptual framework for the disambiguation of scientific language regarding open and closed systems. We argue that the open-closed distinction should always be precisifed by specifying a characteristic quantity that is conserved if and only if the system is closed. Open systems are those for which conservation of the characteristic quantity fails. This precisification is in accord with much but not all existing practice. We show that an open system can have well-posed autonomous dynamics and (...)
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  29.  45
    Evolutionary principles and the emergence of syntax.P. Thomas Schoenemann & William S.-Y. Wang - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (4):646-647.
    The belief that syntax is an innate, autonomous, species-specific module is highly questionable. Syntax demonstrates the mosaic nature of evolutionary change, in that it made use of (and led to the enhancement of) numerous preexisting neurocognitive features. It is best understood as an emergent characteristic of the explosion of semantic complexity that occurred during hominid evolution.
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  30.  27
    Should patient consent be required to write a do not resuscitate order?P. Biegler - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (6):359-363.
    Consent ought to be required to withhold treatment that is in a patient’s best interests to receive. Do not resuscitate orders are examples of best interests assessments at the end of life. Such assessments represent value judgments that cannot be validly ascertained without patient input. If patient input results in that patient dissenting to the DNR order then individual physicians are not justified in overriding such dissent. To do so would give unjustifiable primacy to the values of the individual physician. (...)
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  31.  73
    David Hume on Thomas Reid's an inquiry into the human mind, on the principles of common sense: A new letter to Hugh Blair from july 1762.P. B. Wood - 1986 - Mind 95 (380):411-416.
  32. Existential psychology.P. Wong - 2009 - In Shane J. Lopez (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 361--8.
     
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  33.  80
    The flow of time.P. J. Zwart - 1972 - Synthese 24 (1-2):133 - 158.
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  34.  2
    The Secret Doctrine, the Synthesis of Science, Religion, and Philosophy, by H.P. Blavatsky: Index.John P. Van Mater - 1997 - Theosophical University Press.
    The Secret Doctrine comprises a virtual encyclopaedia of the "anciently universal wisdom-tradition" -- scarcely an issue of consequence in the broad range of human experience is left untouched. As part of the Secret Doctrine Centenary project, this 441-page Index provides ready access to the vast quantity of material from many cultures set forth in the SD's original two volumes published in 1888. Due to the topics covered, it is as much an index of ideas as it is of subjects, works, (...)
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  35.  3
    Релігійно-філософські домінанти оповідання про потопаючих петра могили та середньовічно-бароковий контекст.P. M. Yamchuk - 2008 - Ukrainian Religious Studies 45:151-159.
    The figure of Peter the Tomb, various aspects of his life and activity, as well as the era called by his name, have long been the subject of study by numerous scholars, comprehensive and meticulous research. It is enough to mention the works of M.Grushevsky, A.Zhukovsky, V.Klimov, A.Kolodny, V.Nichik, O.Sarapin, L.Filipovich and V.Shevchenko, in which the phenomenon of the metropolitan, his spiritual and religious dominant, is thoroughly and thoroughly explained, the influence of P. Mogila's heritage on the past and present. (...)
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  36. Quantification Theory and Objects of Reference.P. T. Geach - 1972 - In Peter Thomas Geach (ed.), Logic matters. Oxford,: Blackwell.
     
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  37. Classical quantum theory.P. J. Wesley - 1995 - Apeiron 2 (2):27-32.
  38.  10
    A Note on Aristophanes, Clouds 977–8.P. T. Eden - 1984 - Classical Quarterly 34 (01):233-.
    K. J. Dover, in Greek Homosexuality , p. 125 n. 1, observes: ‘My interpretation ad loc. , that drosos is Cowper's secretion, appearing when the boy's penis has been erected by titillation, is far-fetched , but no other interpretation so far seems to me to pay enough attention to the semantics of drosos or to explain why Right regards the beauty of “drosos and down” as incompatible with anointing below the navel’.
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  39.  39
    The Primacy of Welfare Rights: MARTIN P.GOLDING.Martin P. Golding - 1984 - Social Philosophy and Policy 1 (2):119-136.
    This paper deals with three topics: types of rights, the development of the terminology of rights, and the question of the primacy of welfare rights. Because these topics are interrelated, my exposition does not observe rigid boundaries among them. There is no pretence at all that any of these subjects is fully covered here; nor is it proposed, except for one writer, to touch upon the contemporary literature on rights, as noteworthy as some of that literature is. In order to (...)
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  40.  48
    Aspects of the Theory of Syntax.P. J. M. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):806-807.
    Chomsky is widely mentioned in those philosophical circles whose interest centers on the analysis of language, but until now he has really been little read; this new work will remedy that situation. Here Chomsky, building on a presupposed acquaintance with linguistics, provides a stimulating examination of four major areas of linguistic theory: first, generative grammars are studied in their relation to language learning and understanding, then they are further considered as theories of linguistic use and competence; Chomsky here sets out (...)
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  41.  22
    The Manuscript Tradition of Euripides' Troades.P. G. Mason - 1950 - Classical Quarterly 44 (1-2):61-.
    The text of Euripides' Troades depends mainly upon the versions preserved in two manuscripts, viz. Palatinus 287 and Vaticanus 909 . Both these manuscripts are well known and have been several times collated. Their importance in relation to one another and to the other existing manuscripts for the study of the text of Euripides in general has been frequently discussed and is no longer a subject of major controversy. The notes which follow are designed to put on record a number (...)
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  42.  21
    Ideals over ω and cardinal invariants of the continuum.P. Matet & J. Pawlikowski - 1998 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 63 (3):1040-1054.
    Let P be any one of the following combinatorial properties: weak P-pointness, weak (semi-) Q-pointness, weak (semi-)selectivity, ω-closedness. We deal with the following two questions: (1) What is the least cardinal κ such that there exists an ideal with κ many generators that does not have the property P? (2) Can one extend every ideal with the property P to a prime ideal with the property P?
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  43.  19
    The Central Philosophy of Buddhism: A Study of the Madhyamika System.P. S. Sastri - 1956 - Philosophy East and West 6 (3):269-270.
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  44.  13
    on Sorokin.P. A. Sorokin - 1989 - Science in Context 3 (1):299-302.
    Sorokin, Pitirim Alexandrovich, born January 21,1889, in the small village of Turia in Russia [died 1968]. Student at the Teachers' Seminary in the province of Kostroma in Russia, at the evening school in St. Petersburg, at the Psycho- Neurological Institute in St. Petersburg ; Magistrant of Criminal Law ; Ph.D in Sociology ; Privatdozent at the Psycho-Neurological Institute, at the University of St. Petersburg ; Professor of Sociology at the same university ; Professor of Sociology at the Agricultural Academy, at (...)
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  45. The Rise and Fall of Anglo-America.Eric P. Kaufmann - 2004
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  46.  44
    The Case for Tolerance: GEORGE P. FLETCHER.George P. Fletcher - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (1):229-239.
    For people to live together in pluralistic communities, they must find someway to cope with the practices of others that they abhor. For that reason, tolerance has always seemed an appealing medium of accommodation. But tolerance also has its critics. One wing charges that the tolerant are too easygoing. They are insensitive to evil in their midst. At the same time, another wing attacks the tolerant for being too weak in their sentimentsof respect. “The Christian does not wish to be (...)
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  47.  61
    Theory of mind in autism and schizophrenia: a case of over-optimistic reverse engineering.P. Gerrans & V. McGeer - unknown
  48.  39
    Are Dietary Intakes and Eating Behaviors Related to Childhood Obesity? A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence.P. K. Newby - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):35-60.
    The purpose of this article is to comprehensively review studies that have examined the relation between diet and childhood obesity. The review specifically considers the roles of total energy intake and energy density; dietary composition; individual foods, food groups, and dietary patterns; beverage consumption; and eating behaviors. The paper also discusses methodological considerations and future research directions and concludes by summarizing the evidence presented and highlighting the ethical issues surrounding providing dietary advice.
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  49.  28
    What Makes a Good Nurse: Why the Virtues Are Important for Nurses.P. Anne Scott - 2013 - Nursing Philosophy 14 (1):70-73.
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  50.  3
    Conservative Christianity, Anti-Vaccination Activism, and the Challenge to Secularism in Singapore.Daniel P. S. Goh - 2024 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 18 (1):57-78.
    A culture war has been brewing in Singapore since 2009 when a conservative Christian group conducted a reverse takeover of a feminist civil society organization and was subsequently expelled from the organization in a publicized meeting between the two groups. Since then, the state has mediated the contestation of values between religious conservatives and liberal groups allied around issues of gender and sexuality. The culture war between the two sides has revolved around creative protests that have evaded state prohibitions against (...)
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