Results for 'Spencer Ivy'

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Spencer Ivy
University of Utah
  1. Through the Eyes of the Expert: Evaluating Holistic Processing in Architects Through Gaze-Contingent Viewing.Spencer Ivy, Taren Rohovit, Mark Lavelle, Lace Padilla, Jeanine Stefanucci, Dustin Stokes & Trafton Drew - 2021 - Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 1:1-9.
    Studies in the psychology of visual expertise have tended to focus on a limited set of expert domains, such as radiology and athletics. Conclusions drawn from these data indicate that experts use parafoveal vision to process images holistically. In this study, we examined a novel, as-of-yet-unstudied class of visual experts—architects—expecting similar results. However, the results indicate that architects, though visual experts, may not employ the holistic processing strategy observed in their previously studied counterparts. Participants (n = 48, 24 architects, 24 (...)
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    A Summary of the Philosophy of Spencer Heath.Spencer Heath MacCallum & Alvin Lowi - 2018 - Libertarian Papers 10.
    : A virtually unknown philosopher of the twentieth century, Spencer Heath was nevertheless well-known as a pioneer in the early development of commercial aviation. He retired from business in 1931 to devote the last thirty years of his life to his long-time interest in the philosophy of science and human social organization. He developed ….
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  3.  55
    A Letter From Mr. Herbert Spencer.Herbert Spencer - 1893 - The Monist 3 (2):272-272.
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  4. Herbert Spencer: Collected Writings.Herbert Spencer - 1996 - Routledge.
    Herbert Spencer was regarded by the Victorians as the foremost philosopher of the age, the prophet of evolution at a time when the idea had gripped the popular imagination. Until recently Spencer's posthumous reputation rested almost excusively on his social and political thought, which has itself frequently been subject to serious misrepresentation. But historians of ideas now recognise that an acquaintance with Spencer's thought is essential for the proper understanding of many aspects of Victorian intellectual life, and (...)
     
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  5. Free Notes on Herbert Spencer's First Principles, with Suggestions Regarding Space, Time, and Force. Also, Theories of Life.E. Edmond & Herbert Spencer - 1878
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  6. Herbert Spencer on Education.Herbert Spencer & Andreas M. Kazamias - 1966 - New York: Teachers College Press, Teachers College, Columbia University.
     
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  7. Herbert Spencer.Herbert Spencer & Ann Low-Beer - 1969 - London: Collier-Macmillan.
     
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  8.  9
    Essays: Scientific, Political and Speculative.Herbert Spencer - 1858 - Williams & Norgate.
    This volume consists of a collection of articles published by Spencer in leading Victorian periodicals, such as The Westminster Review, The Fortnightly Review and Mind. The wide range of subjects explored includes science, philosophy, aesthetics, ethics, psychology and politics.
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  9. Sins of Trade and Business, a Sermon, by the Hon. W.H. Lyttelton, and the Morals of Trade, by H. Spencer.William Henry Lyttelton & Herbert Spencer - 1874
     
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  10. Evolutionary Ethics, Critical Study of H. Spencer's 'Data of Ethics', a Paper.Clarence H. Seyler & Herbert Spencer - 1891
     
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  11.  86
    A Racial Classification for Medical Genetics.Quayshawn Spencer - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (5):1013-1037.
    In the early 2000s, Esteban Burchard and his colleagues defended a controversial route to the view that there’s a racial classification of people that’s useful in medicine. The route, which I call ‘Burchard’s route,’ is arguing that there’s a racial classification of people that’s useful in medicine because, roughly, there’s a racial classification with medically relevant genetic differentiation :1170–1175, 2003). While almost all scholars engaged in this debate agree that there’s a racial classification of people that’s useful in medicine in (...)
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  12. Able to Do the Impossible.Jack Spencer - 2017 - Mind 126 (502):466-497.
    According to a widely held principle—the poss-ability principle—an agent, S, is able to only if it is metaphysically possible for S to. I argue against the poss-ability principle by developing a novel class of counterexamples. I then argue that the consequences of rejecting the poss-ability principle are interesting and far-reaching.
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  13. Why Take Both Boxes?Jack Spencer & Ian Wells - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (1):27-48.
    The crucial premise of the standard argument for two-boxing in Newcomb's problem, a causal dominance principle, is false. We present some counterexamples. We then offer a metaethical explanation for why the counterexamples arise. Our explanation reveals a new and superior argument for two-boxing, one that eschews the causal dominance principle in favor of a principle linking rational choice to guidance and actual value maximization.
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  14. Modern Physical Fatalism and the Doctrine of Evolution, Including an Examination of ... Herbert Spencer's 'First Principles'.Thomas Rawson Birks & Herbert Spencer - 1876
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  15.  13
    The Study of Sociology.Herbert Spencer - 1877 - Henry S. King & Co.
    The Study of Sociology, by English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, and sociologist, Herbert Spencer, was originally published in 1873. Spencer was known for his contributions to evolutionary theory and for applying it outside of biology, to the fields of philosophy, psychology, and within sociology. In particular, this work is a survey of the foundations of sociology, by one of its founders. Within which he applies the idea of natural selection to the group survival and institutional structures.
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  16. Mr. Herbert Spencer and the British Quarterly Review [a Reply to Criticisms. With] Appendices.Herbert Spencer - 1874
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  17. The Data of Ethics.Herbert Spencer - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Herbert Spencer, Victorian philosopher, biologist, sociologist and political theorist, one of the founders of Social Darwinism and author of the phrase 'survival of the fittest', was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1902, losing out to Theodor Mommsen. Spencer left his post at The Economist in 1857 to focus on writing his ten-volume System of Synthetic Philosophy, a work that offers an ethics-based guide to human conduct to replace that provided by conventional religious belief. Published in (...)
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  18.  7
    Functional MRI of Letter Cancellation Task Performance in Older Adults.Ivy D. Deng, Luke Chung, Natasha Talwar, Fred Tam, Nathan W. Churchill, Tom A. Schweizer & Simon J. Graham - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  19.  25
    First Principles, by Herbert Spencer.Herbert Spencer - unknown
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  20.  46
    Including Trans Women Athletes in Competitive Sport.Veronica Ivy & Aryn Conrad - 2018 - Philosophical Topics 46 (2):103-140.
    In this paper, we examine the scientific, legal, and ethical foundations for inclusion of transgender women athletes in competitive sport, drawing on IOC principles and relevant Court of Arbitration for Sport decisions. We argue that the inclusion of trans athletes in competition commensurate with their legal gender is the most consistent position with these principles of fair and equitable sport. Biological restrictions, such as endogenous testosterone limits, are not consistent with IOC and CAS principles. We explore the implications for recognizing (...)
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  21. The Works of Herbert Spencer.Herbert Spencer - 1880 - [Osnabrück, Zeller.
     
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  22. The Data of Ethics.Herbert Spencer - 1879 - Williams & Norgate.
    Herbert Spencer , Victorian philosopher, biologist, sociologist and political theorist, one of the founders of Social Darwinism and author of the phrase 'survival of the fittest', was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1902, losing out to Theodor Mommsen. Spencer left his post at The Economist in 1857 to focus on writing his ten-volume System of Synthetic Philosophy, a work that offers an ethics-based guide to human conduct to replace that provided by conventional religious belief. Published (...)
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  23. Preface to the Second Edition of 'Modern Physical Fatalism' by Thomas Rawson Birks, Being a Reply to the Strictures of H. Spencer [in an Appendix to the 4th Ed. Of First Principles].Charles Pritchard, Thomas Rawson Birks & Herbert Spencer - 1882
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  24.  52
    Beyond the Intersection: A New Culinary Metaphor for Race-Class-Gender Studies.Ivy Ken - 2008 - Sociological Theory 26 (2):152-172.
    Few would argue that race, class, and gender are unrelated, now that scholars of inequality have spent decades making the once devalued but now widely accepted case that structures of oppression like these cannot be understood in isolation from one another. Yet the imagery on which the field has relied--race, class, and gender as "intersecting" or "interlocking"--has limited our ability to explore the characteristics of their relationships in empirical and theoretical work. In this article I build on the gender framework (...)
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  25. The Principles of Biology.Herbert Spencer - 1864 - Williams & Norgate.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps, and other notations in the work.This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely (...)
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  26. Racial Realism I: Are Biological Races Real?Quayshawn Spencer - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (1):e12467.
    In this article, I discuss and critique how metaphysicians of race have conceived of and defended racial realism according to how biologists use “race”. I start by defining “racial realism” in the broadest accepted way in the metaphysics of race. Next, I summarize a representative sample of recent attempts from metaphysicians of race and biologists to defend racial realism and the main criticisms against each attempt. I discuss how metaphysicians of race have defended racial realism according to how ordinary people (...)
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  27.  51
    Children in English Society From Tudor Times to the Eighteenth Century.Ivy Pinchbeck & Margaret Hewitt - 1970 - British Journal of Educational Studies 18 (3):352-353.
  28. Racial Realism II: Are Folk Races Real?Quayshawn Spencer - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (1):e12467.
    This article is Part II in a pair of articles on racial realism. In Part I, I defined “racial realism” and discussed the major attempts in the past twenty years among metaphysicians of race and biologists to defend racial realism from the viewpoint of what biologists mean by “race.” In this article, I continue discussing and critiquing how metaphysicians of race have conceived of and defended racial realism, but with a focus on how ordinary people use “race.” I focus on (...)
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  29. I—A More Radical Solution to the Race Problem.Quayshawn Spencer - 2019 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 93 (1):25-48.
    One debate that metaphysicians of race have been consumed with since the 1990s is what we can call the US race debate, which is the debate about what the nature and reality of race is according to the dominant ways that ‘race’ and race terms are used to classify people in contemporary American English. In 2014, I contributed a defence of biological racial realism in the US race debate that utilized new results about human genetic clustering from population genetics. In (...)
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  30.  2
    “That Single-Mother Element”: How White Employers Typify Black Women.Ivy Kennelly - 1999 - Gender and Society 13 (2):168-192.
    Many employers assess their workforces with gendered and racialized imagery that can put groups of workers and applicants at a disadvantage in the labor market. Based on 78 interviews with white employers in Atlanta, the author reveals that some employers use a complex but widely shared stereo-type of Black working-class women as single mothers to typify members of this group. These employers use this single-mother image to explain why they think Black women are poor workers, why they think Black women (...)
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  31.  28
    The Ethical Implications of Using Artificial Intelligence in Auditing.Ivy Munoko, Helen L. Brown-Liburd & Miklos Vasarhelyi - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (2):209-234.
    Accounting firms are reporting the use of Artificial Intelligence in their auditing and advisory functions, citing benefits such as time savings, faster data analysis, increased levels of accuracy, more in-depth insight into business processes, and enhanced client service. AI, an emerging technology that aims to mimic the cognitive skills and judgment of humans, promises competitive advantages to the adopter. As a result, all the Big 4 firms are reporting its use and their plans to continue with this innovation in areas (...)
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  32. Aphorisms From the Writings of Herbert Spencer, Selected and Arranged by J.R. Gingell.Herbert Spencer & Julia Raymond Gingell - 1894
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  33. Epitome of the Synthetic Philosophy of Herbert Spencer.Herbert Spencer & F. Howard Collins - 1897 - Williams & Northgate.
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  34.  30
    Illustrations of Universal Progress a Series of Discussions by Herbert Spencer ; with a Notice of Spencer's "New System of Philosophy". --.Herbert Spencer - 1878 - Appleton.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain (...)
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  35. Illustrations of Universal Progress a Series of Discussions. With a Notice of Spencer's New System of Philosophy.Herbert Spencer - 1873 - D. Appleton and Company.
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  36. John Stuart Mill: His Life and Works, 12 Sketches by H. Spencer [and Others].Herbert Spencer - 1873
     
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  37. Seven Essays, Selected From the Works of H. Spencer.Herbert Spencer - 1907
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  38. No Crystal Balls.Jack Spencer - 2020 - Noûs 54 (1):105-125.
    The world is said to contain crystal balls whenever the present carries news of the as-yet-undetermined parts of the future. Many philosophers believe that crystal balls are metaphysically possible. In this essay, I argue that they are not. Whether crystal balls are possible matters, for at least two reasons. The first is epistemological. According to a simple, user-friendly chance norm for credence, which I call the Present Principle, agents are rationally required to conform their credences to their expectations of the (...)
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  39. Smith's Humean Criticism of Hume's Account of the Origin of Justice.Spencer J. Pack & Eric Schliesser - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (1):47-63.
    It is argued that Adam Smith criticizes David Hume's account of the origin of and continuing adherence to the rule of law for being not sufficiently Humean. Hume explained that adherence to the rule of law originated in the self-interest to restrain self-interest. According to Smith, Hume does not pay enough attention to the passions of resentment and admiration, which have their source in the imagination. Smith's offers a more naturalistic and evolutionary account of the psychological pre-conditions of the establishment (...)
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  40.  61
    Heuristics and Meta-Heuristics in Scientific Judgement.Spencer Phillips Hey - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (2):471-495.
    Despite the increasing recognition that heuristics may be involved in myriad scientific activities, much about how to use them prudently remains obscure. As typically defined, heuristics are efficient rules or procedures for converting complex problems into simpler ones. But this increased efficiency and problem-solving power comes at the cost of a systematic bias. As Wimsatt showed, biased modelling heuristics can conceal errors, leading to poor decisions or inaccurate models. This liability to produce errors presents a fundamental challenge to the philosophical (...)
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  41.  80
    From Epistemic to Moral Realism.Spencer Case - 2019 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 16 (5):541-562.
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  42. Herbert Spencer: Legacies.Mark Francis & Michael W. Taylor (eds.) - 2014 - Routledge.
    Herbert Spencer: Legacies explores and assesses the impact of the ideas and work of the great Victorian polymath Herbert Spencer across a wide range of disciplines. In the course of the essays a significant re-evaluation of his influence on Victorian and Edwardian thought is provided. Spencer's contribution to the fields of sociology, anthropology, psychology, biology and ecology are considered, alongside his influence on key figures in science and philosophy. The book brings together scholars from a wide range (...)
     
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  43.  31
    Normative Pluralism Worthy of the Name is False.Spencer Case - 2016 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 11 (1):1-20.
    Normative pluralism is the view that practical reason consists in an irreducible plurality of normative domains, that these domains sometimes issue conflicting recommendations and that, when this happens, there is never any one thing that one ought simpliciter to do. Here I argue against this view, noting that normative pluralism must be either unrestricted or restricted. Unrestricted pluralism maintains that all coherent standards are reason-generating normative domains, whereas restricted pluralism maintains that only some are. Unrestricted pluralism, depending on how it (...)
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  44.  19
    9. A Linguist's Reflections on 'Phonological Awareness'and Literacy.Andrew Spencer - 1991 - Mind and Language 6 (2):146-155.
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  45. Social Statics or, the Conditions Essential to Human Happiness Specified, and the First of Them Developed.Herbert Spencer - 1851 - Williams & Norgate.
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  46.  52
    The Ivy Years.Robert E. Holland - 1945 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 20 (4):728-729.
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  47.  69
    The Normative Error Theorist Cannot Avoid Self-Defeat.Spencer Case - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (1):92-104.
    Many philosophers have noted that normative error theorists appear to be committed to saying ‘Error theory is true, but I have no reason to believe it’, which seems paradoxical. In defence of error...
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  48.  6
    Herbert Spencer and the Invention of Modern Life.Mark Francis - 2007 - Cornell University Press.
    I: An individual and his personal culture -- A portrait of a private man -- The longing for passion -- The problem with women -- Spencer's feminist politics -- Culture and beauty -- Eccentricities : health and the perils of recreation -- II: The lost world of Spencer's metaphysics -- The new reformation -- Intellectuals in the strand -- The genesis of a system -- Common sense in the mid-nineteenth century -- From philosophy to psychology -- III: (...)'s biological writings and his philosophy of science -- On goodness, perfection and the shape of living things -- The meaning of life -- Science and the classification of knowledge -- IV: Politics and ethical sociology -- Spencer's politics and the foundations of liberalism -- The 1840s : Spencer's early radicalism -- Sociology as an ethical discipline -- Sociology as political theory -- Progress versus democracy. (shrink)
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  49.  15
    XI.—Sensation and Attention.Ivy MacKenzie - 1927 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 27 (1):243-290.
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    Exploring the Role of Hand Gestures in Learning Novel Phoneme Contrasts and Vocabulary in a Second Language.Spencer D. Kelly, Yukari Hirata, Michael Manansala & Jessica Huang - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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