Results for 'Stacey Swain'

700 found
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  1.  10
    The Instability of Philosophical Intuitions: Running Hot and Cold on Truetemp.Joshua Alexander Stacey Swain - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (1):138-155.
    A growing body of empirical literature challenges philosophers’ reliance on intuitions as evidence based on the fact that intuitions vary according to factors such as cultural and educational background, and socio‐economic status. Our research extends this challenge, investigating Lehrer’s appeal to the Truetemp Case as evidence against reliabilism. We found that intuitions in response to this case vary according to whether, and which, other thought‐experiments are considered first. Our results show that compared to subjects who receive the Truetemp Case first, (...)
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  2. The Instability of Philosophical Intuitions: Running Hot and Cold on Truetemp.Stacey Swain, Joshua Alexander & Jonathan M. Weinberg - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (1):138-155.
    A growing body of empirical literature challenges philosophers’ reliance on intuitions as evidence based on the fact that intuitions vary according to factors such as cultural and educational background, and socio-economic status. Our research extends this challenge, investigating Lehrer’s appeal to the Truetemp Case as evidence against reliabilism. We found that intuitions in response to this case vary according to whether, and which, other thought experiments are considered first. Our results show that compared to subjects who receive the Truetemp Case (...)
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  3. Intuition & Calibration.Jonathan M. Weinberg, Stephen Crowley, Chad Gonnerman, Ian Vandewalker & Stacey Swain - 2012 - Essays in Philosophy 13 (1):15.
    The practice of appealing to esoteric intuitions, long standard in analytic philosophy, has recently fallen on hard times. Various recent empirical results have suggested that philosophers are not currently able to distinguish good intuitions from bad. This paper evaluates one possible type of approach to this problematic methodological situation: calibration. Both critiquing and building on an argument from Robert Cummins, the paper explores what possible avenues may exist for the calibration of philosophical intuitions. It is argued that no good options (...)
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  4.  10
    The Ancient World. Vol. I, Empires and City-States of the Ancient Orient and Greece Before 334 B.C.; Vol. II, The World Empires: Alexander and the Romans After 334 B.C. By J. W. Swain. Pp. Xx + 578; Xiv + 658. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1950. $8. [REVIEW]R. H. Simpson & J. W. Swain - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:167-168.
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  5.  9
    The Structure of Justification.Marshall Swain - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (4):968-970.
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  6. Stereotype Threat, Epistemic Injustice, and Rationality.Stacey Goguen - 2016 - In Michael Brownstein & Jennifer Saul (eds.), Implicit Bias and Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 216-237.
    Though stereotype threat is most well-known for its ability to hinder performance, it actually has a wide range of effects. For instance, it can also cause stress, anxiety, and doubt. These additional effects are as important and as central to the phenomenon as its effects on performance are. As a result, stereotype threat has more far-reaching implications than many philosophers have realized. In particular, the phenomenon has a number of unexplored “epistemic effects.” These are effects on our epistemic lives—i.e., the (...)
     
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  7. Swain on the basing relation.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1985 - Analysis 45 (3):153.
    Suppose we want to know whether a person justifiably believes a certain claim. Further, suppose that our interest in this question is because we take such justification to be necessary for knowledge. To justifiably believe a claim requires more than there being a justification for that claim. Presumably, there is a justification for accepting all sorts of scientific theories of which I have no awareness; because of my lack of awareness, I do not justifiably believe those theories. Further, even if (...)
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  8.  38
    Functional Neuroimaging and the Law: Trends and Directions for Future Scholarship.Stacey A. Tovino - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):44 – 56.
    Under the umbrella of the burgeoning neurotransdisciplines, scholars are using the principles and research methodologies of their primary and secondary fields to examine developments in neuroimaging, neuromodulation and psychopharmacology. The path for advanced scholarship at the intersection of law and neuroscience may clear if work across the disciplines is collected and reviewed and outstanding and debated issues are identified and clarified. In this article, I organize, examine and refine a narrow class of the burgeoning neurotransdiscipline scholarship; that is, scholarship at (...)
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  9.  1
    Digital Media: Human–Technology Connection.Stacey O'Neal Irwin & Don Ihde - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    Digital Media: Human–Technology Connection examines the technologically textured world through case studies that illustrate the way humans and technology connect with each other and the world. An interdisciplinary array of sources from philosophy, postphenomenology, philosophy of technology, media studies, media ecology, and film studies shows that digital media and its content are not neutral. This technology textures the world in multiple and varied ways that transform human abilities, augment experience, and pattern the world.
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  10.  18
    Deliberate and Free: Heteronomy in the Public Sphere.Lucas Swaine - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (1-2):183-213.
    In this article, I consider the extent to which heteronomous people can be positive contributors to political deliberation. I examine the normative potential of heteronomous people as participants in public debate, and address the overall effects that inclusion of heteronomous people can provide for group deliberations. I subsequently consider empirical findings that bear upon the case I develop, and conclude that liberals ought to reconsider the importance of heteronomous people in healthy liberal democracy. This philosophical recognition lays groundwork for a (...)
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  11.  33
    Blameless, Constructive, and Political Anger.Lucas A. Swaine - 1996 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (3):257–274.
    Scholars of the emotions maintain that all anger requires an object of blame. In order to be angry, many writers argue, one must believe than an actor has done serious damage to something that one values. Yet an individual may be angered without blaming another. This kind of emotion, called situational anger, does not entail a corresponding object of blame. Situational anger can be a useful force in public life, enabling citizens to draw attention to the seriousness of social or (...)
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  12.  6
    A Survey of Patient Perspectives on the Research Use of Health Information and Biospecimens.Stacey A. Page, Kiran Pohar Manhas & Daniel A. Muruve - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):48.
    BackgroundPersonal health information and biospecimens are valuable research resources essential for the advancement of medicine and protected by national standards and provincial statutes. Research ethics and privacy standards attempt to balance individual interests with societal interests. However these standards may not reflect public opinion or preferences. The purpose of this study was to assess the opinions and preferences of patients with kidney disease about the use of their health information and biospecimens for medical research.MethodsA 45-item survey was distributed to a (...)
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  13.  8
    On Ethically Solvent Leaders: The Roles of Pride and Moral Identity in Predicting Leader Ethical Behavior.Stacey Sanders, Barbara Wisse, Nico W. Van Yperen & Diana Rus - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 150 (3):631-645.
    The popular media has repeatedly pointed to pride as one of the key factors motivating leaders to behave unethically. However, given the devastating consequences that leader unethical behavior may have, a more scientific account of the role of pride is warranted. The present study differentiates between authentic and hubristic pride and assesses its impact on leader ethical behavior, while taking into consideration the extent to which leaders find it important to their self-concept to be a moral person. In two experiments (...)
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  14.  37
    Swain Hellenism and Empire. Language, Classicism, and Power in the Greek World, AD 50-250. Oxford UP, 1996. Pp. Xii + 499. £45. 0198147724. [REVIEW]Tim Whitmarsh - 1998 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 118:215-216.
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  15.  11
    Public Opinion on Cognitive Enhancement Varies Across Different Situations.Claire T. Dinh, Stacey Humphries & Anjan Chatterjee - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 11 (4):224-237.
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  16. Positive Stereotypes: Unexpected Allies or Devil's Bargain?Stacey Goguen - 2019 - In Benjamin Sherman & Stacey Goguen (eds.), Overcoming Epistemic Injustice: Social and Psychological Perspectives. pp. 33-47.
    If asked whether stereotypes about people have the potential to help overcome injustice, I suspect that many think there is a clear-cut answer to this question, and that answer is “no.” Many stereotypes do have harmful effects, from the blatantly dehumanizing to the more subtly disruptive. Reasonably then, a common attitude toward stereotypes is that they are at best shallow, superficial assumptions, and at worst degrading and hurtful vehicles of oppression. I argue that on a broad account of stereotypes, this (...)
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  17.  19
    The Irrelevance of Harm for a Theory of Disease.Dane Muckler & James Stacey Taylor - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (3):332-349.
    Normativism holds that there is a close conceptual link between disease and disvalue. We challenge normativism by advancing an argument against a popular normativist theory, Jerome Wakefield’s harmful dysfunction account. Wakefield maintains that medical disorders are breakdowns in evolved mechanisms that cause significant harm to the organism. We argue that Wakefield’s account is not a promising way to distinguish between disease and health because being harmful is neither necessary nor sufficient for a dysfunction to be a disorder. Counterexamples to the (...)
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  18.  6
    Privacy and Security Issues with Mobile Health Research Applications.Stacey A. Tovino - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (S1):154-158.
    This article examines the privacy and security issues associated with mobile application-mediated health research, concentrating in particular on research conducted or participated in by independent scientists, citizen scientists, and patient researchers. Building on other articles in this issue that examine state research laws and state data protection laws as possible sources of privacy and security protections for mobile research participants, this article focuses on the lack of application of federal standards to mobile application-mediated health research. As discussed in more detail (...)
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  19.  7
    Commercial Interests, the Technological Imperative, and Advocates: Three Forces Driving Genomic Sequencing in Newborns.Stacey Pereira & Ellen Wright Clayton - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S2):S43-S44.
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  20.  39
    The False Right to Autonomy in Education.Lucas Swaine - 2012 - Educational Theory 62 (1):107-124.
    The ideal of personal autonomy enjoys considerable support in educational theory, but close analysis reveals serious problems with its core analytical and psychological components. The core conception of autonomy authorizes individuals to employ their imaginations in troubling and unhealthy ways that clash with sound ideals of moral character. Lucas Swaine argues in this essay that this gives grounds to deny that the core conception of autonomy should be promoted in democratic education. What is more, according to Swaine, young citizens appear (...)
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  21.  9
    California Takes the Lead on Data Privacy Law.Mark A. Rothstein & Stacey A. Tovino - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (5):4-5.
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  22. Arc Consistency: Parallelism and Domain Dependence.Paul R. Cooper & Michael J. Swain - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence 58 (1-3):207-235.
  23.  31
    Identification Through Orangutans: Destabilizing the Nature/Culture Dualism.Stacey K. Sowards - 2006 - Ethics and the Environment 11 (2):45-61.
    : The nature/culture dualism has long been criticized for constructing social beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors that fail to respect and value the natural world. One possible way to bridge the divide between the human and non-human worlds is the process of identification. Orangutans, an endangered species found in Indonesia and Malaysia, enable individuals to bridge, connect, and identify with a seemingly separate natural world. Through identification with orangutans, humans come to reevaluate their own perspectives and dichotomous ways of thinking about (...)
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  24.  20
    Attitudes Toward Cognitive Enhancement: The Role of Metaphor and Context.Erin C. Conrad, Stacey Humphries & Anjan Chatterjee - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (1):35-47.
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  25.  20
    The Confidentiality and Privacy Implications of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.Stacey A. Tovino - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (4):844-850.
    Advances in science and technology frequently raise new ethical, legal, and social issues, and developments in neuroscience and neuroimaging technology are no exception. Within the field of neuroethics, leading scientists, ethicists, and humanists are exploring the implications of efforts to image, study, treat, and enhance the human brain.This article focuses on one aspect of neuroethics: the confidentiality and privacy implications of advances in functional magnetic resonance imaging. Following a brief orientation to fMRI and an overview of some of its current (...)
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  26.  9
    Collective Responsibility: Five Decades of Debate in Theoretical and Applied Ethics.Larry May & Stacey Hoffman (eds.) - 1991 - Rowman & Littlefield.
    This anthology presents recent philosophical analyses of the moral, political, and legal responsibility of groups and their members. Motivated by reflection on such events as the Holocaust, the exploding Ford Pintos, the May Lai massacre, and apartheid in South Africa, the essays consider two questions - what collective efforts could have prevented these large-scale social harms? and is some group to blame and, if so, how is blame to be apportioned? The essays in the first half consider the concept of (...)
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  27.  2
    My Song is Love Unknown: Liturgical Music and Rational Faith.Gregory R. P. Stacey - forthcoming - New Blackfriars.
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  28. Kristeva: Thresholds.Stacey Keltner - 2011 - Polity.
    Julia Kristeva is one of the most creative and prolific writers to address the personal, social, and political trials of our times. Linguist, psychoanalyst, social and cultural theorist, and novelist, Kristeva's broad interdisciplinary appeal has impacted areas across the humanities and social sciences. S. K. Keltner's book provides the first comprehensive introduction to the breadth of Kristeva's work. In an original and insightful analysis, Keltner presents Kristeva's thought as the coherent development and elaboration of a complex, multidimensional threshold constitutive of (...)
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  29.  41
    Freedom of Thought as a Basic Liberty.Lucas Swaine - 2018 - Political Theory 46 (3):405-425.
    Freedom of thought has been lauded in political theory and celebrated in human rights discourse. But what kind of freedom is it? I propose that freedom of thought deserves status as a basic liberty, given the significance of thought to human life, the fundamental importance of freedom of thought in establishing and sustaining crucial rights and freedoms, and the value of being able to develop and experience one’s thoughts without undue influence from others.
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  30.  20
    Marshall Swain. Editor's Introduction. Induction, Acceptance, and Rational Belief, Edited by Marshall Swain, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht-Holland, and Humanities Press, New York, 1970, Pp. 1–5. - Frederic Schick. Three Logics of Belief. Induction, Acceptance, and Rational Belief, Edited by Marshall Swain, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht-Holland, and Humanities Press, New York, 1970, Pp. 6–26. - Marshall Swain. The Consistency of Rational Belief. Induction, Acceptance, and Rational Belief, Edited by Marshall Swain, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht-Holland, and Humanities Press, New York, 1970, Pp. 27–54. - Henry E. KyburgJr., Conjunctivitis. Induction, Acceptance, and Rational Belief, Edited by Marshall Swain, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht-Holland, and Humanities Press, New York, 1970, Pp. 55–82. - Gilbert H. Harman. Induction. A Discussion of the Relevance of the Theory of Knowledge to the Theory of Induction . Induction, Acceptance, and Rational Bel. [REVIEW]Ian Hacking - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (1):166-168.
  31.  19
    The Confidentiality and Privacy Implications of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.Stacey A. Tovino - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (4):844-850.
    Advances in science and technology frequently raise new ethical, legal, and social issues, and developments in neuroscience and neuroimaging technology are no exception. Within the field of neuroethics, leading scientists, ethicists, and humanists are exploring the implications of efforts to image, study, treat, and enhance the human brain.This article focuses on one aspect of neuroethics: the confidentiality and privacy implications of advances in functional magnetic resonance imaging. Following a brief orientation to fMRI and an overview of some of its current (...)
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  32.  14
    Call to Claim Your Prize: Perceived Benefits and Risk Drive Intention to Comply in a Mass Marketing Scam.Stacey Wood, Pi-Ju Liu, Yaniv Hanoch, Patricia M. Xi & Lukas Klapatch - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 24 (2):196-206.
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  33.  31
    A Paradox Reconsidered: Written Lessons From Plato's Phaedrus.Lucas A. Swaine - 1998 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 30 (3):259–273.
  34.  25
    The Emergence of Knowledge in Organization.Ralph Stacey - 2000 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 2 (4):23-39.
  35.  21
    Mobilizing for War.Richard Swain - 1999 - The European Legacy 4 (1):135-137.
    The British Armed Nation, 1793?1815. By J. E. Cookson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997) vi + 286 pp. £45.00/ $87.00 cloth. The Arming of Europe and the Making of the First World War. By David G. Herrmann (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997) 307 pp. $16.95 paper. State, Society and Mobilization in Europe during the First World War. John Horne, ed. (Cambridge U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1997) xv + 292 pp. £35.00/ $59.95 cloth.
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  36.  23
    Swain on Knowledge.R. B. Scott - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 29 (6):419 - 424.
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  37.  31
    James Stacey Taylor : The Metaphysics and Ethics of Death: Oxford University Press, New York, 2013, 271 Pp. ISBN 978-0-19-975113-6 $74.00 Hbk. [REVIEW]Juha Räikkä & Rosa Rantanen - 2015 - Journal of Value Inquiry 49 (3):497-502.
    This is the first collection of essays of philosophical thanatology that explicitly connects the metaphysical and the ethical questions of death, including some bioethical questions. The volume has four sections, and the discussion moves from historical and theoretical problems to practical issues of bioethics. However, as the editor of the book, James Stacey Taylor, has surely intended, the practical questions discussed are closely related to traditional metaphysical problems, most notably to the questions such as whether death is a harm (...)
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  38.  47
    Swain's Counterfactual Analysis of Causation.Wayne A. Davis - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 38 (2):169 - 176.
  39.  89
    Changing the Wor(L)D: Discourse, Politics, and the Feminist Movement.Stacey Young - 1997 - Routledge.
    Changing the Wor(l)d draws on feminist publishing, postmodern theory and feminist autobiography to powerfully critique both liberal feminism and scholarship on the women's movement, arguing that both ignore feminism's unique contributions to social analysis and politics. These contributions recognize the power of discourse, the diversity of women's experiences, and the importance of changing the world through changing consciousness. Young critiques social movement theory and five key studies of the women's movement, arguing that gender oppression can be understood only in relation (...)
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  40.  60
    The Impact of Neuroscience on Health Law.Stacey A. Tovino - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (2):101-117.
    Advances in neuroscience have implications for criminal law as well as civil and regulatory law, including health, disability, and benefit law. The role of the behavioral and brain sciences in health insurance claims, the mental health parity debate, and disability proceedings is examined.
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  41. Swain M. Induction, Acceptance, and Rational Belief. [REVIEW]D. Costantini - 1971 - Scientia 65 (6):1111.
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  42. Swain M. Induction, Acceptance, and Rational Belief. [REVIEW]D. Costantini - 1971 - Scientia, Rivista di Scienza 65 (106):1111.
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  43.  32
    Prof. Swain's Account of Knowledge.Thomas D. Paxson - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 25 (1):57 - 61.
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  44.  63
    James Stacey Taylor, Death, Posthumous Harm, and Bioethics: Routledge, New York, 2012, 228 Pp. $130 Hbk. [REVIEW]Justin A. Capes - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (1):181-182.
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  45.  13
    Essays on Knowledge and Justification.George Sotiros Pappas & Marshall Swain (eds.) - 1978 - Cornell University Press.
  46.  23
    Reasons and Knowledge.Marshall Swain - 1981 - Cornell University Press.
  47.  76
    Swain’s Causal Theory of Knowledge.David B. Annis - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (2):149-156.
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  48.  86
    Stacey L. Edgar, Morality and Machines: Perspectives on Computer Ethics, Jones and Bartlett Series in Philosophy, Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 1997, XVI + 448 Pp., $32.50 (Paper), ISBN 0- 7637-0184-X. [REVIEW]Blay Whitby - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (1):131-133.
  49.  5
    Constraining Stroke Order During Manual Symbol Learning Hinders Subsequent Recognition in Children Under 4 1/2 Years.Emily Merritt, Shelley N. Swain, Sophia Vinci-Booher & Karin H. James - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  50.  15
    Samuel N. Rosenberg, “Robert the Devil”: The First Modern English Translation of “Robert le Diable,” an Anonymous French Romance of the Thirteenth Century. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2018. Paper. Pp. 157; 1 Black-and-White Figure. $19.95. ISBN: 978-0-271-08016-1. [REVIEW]Stacey Hahn - 2019 - Speculum 94 (3):886-888.
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