Results for 'Stacy S. Klein'

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  1. The Curious Case of the Self-Refuting Straw Man: Trafimow and Earp’s Response to Klein (2014).Stan Klein - 2016 - Theory and Psychology 26:549– 556.
    In their critique of Klein (2014a), Trafimow and Earp present two theses. First, they argue that, contra Klein, a well-specified theory is not a necessary condition for successful replication. Second, they contend that even when there is a well-specified theory, replication depends more on auxiliary assumptions than on theory proper. I take issue with both claims, arguing that (a) their first thesis confuses a material conditional (what I said) with a modal claim (T&E’s misreading of what I said), (...)
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  2. Klein and Loftus's Model of Trait Self-Knowledge: The Importance of Familiarizing Oneself with the Foundational Research Prior to Reading About its Neuropsychological Applications.Stan Klein - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:1-3.
    In this article I want to alert investigators who are familiar only with our neuropsychological investigations of self-knowledge to our earlier work on model construction. A familiarity with this foundational research can help avert concerns and issues likely to arise if one is aware only of neuropsychological extensions of our work.
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  3.  23
    Helena of Britain in Medieval Legend. Antonina Harbus.Stacy S. Klein - 2005 - Speculum 80 (1):233-234.
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  4. Lost Feeling of Ownership of One’s Mental States: The Importance of Situating Patient R.B.'s Pathology in the Context of Contemporary Theory and Empiricism.Stan Klein - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (4):490-493.
    In her re-analysis of the evidence presented in Klein and Nichols (2012) to support their argument that patient R.B. temporarily lost possessory custody of consciously apprehended objects (in this case, objects that normally would be non-inferentially taken as episodic memory), Professor Roache concludes Klein and Nichols's claims are untenable. I argue that Professor Roache is incorrect in her re-interpretation, and that this is due, in part, to lack of sufficient familiarity with psychological theory on memory as well as (...)
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  5. A Commentary on Plato's Meno.Jacob Klein - 1965 - University of Chicago Press.
    The Meno, one of the most widely read of the Platonic dialogues, is seen afresh in this original interpretation that explores the dialogue as a theatrical presentation. Just as Socrates's listeners would have questioned and examined their own thinking in response to the presentation, so, Klein shows, should modern readers become involved in the drama of the dialogue. Klein offers a line-by-line commentary on the text of the Meno itself that animates the characters and conversation and carefully probes (...)
  6. Augustine's Theology of Angels.Elizabeth Klein - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    References to the good angels in the works of Augustine are legion, and angels also play a central role in some of his major works, such as City of God and the opening of On the Trinity. Despite Augustine's interest in angels, however, little scholarly work has appeared on the topic. In this book, Elizabeth Klein gives the first comprehensive account of Augustine's theology of the angels and its importance for his thought more generally. Offering a close textual analysis (...)
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  7. Contemporary Responses to Agrippa's Trilemma.Peter Klein - 2008 - In John Greco (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford University Press.
    This article discusses contemporary response to the epistemic regress problem or Agrippa's trilemma. The epistemic regress problem is considered the most crucial in the entire theory of knowledge and it is a major concern for many contemporary epistemologists. However, only two of the three alternative solutions have been developed in any detail, foundationalism and coherentism. Infinitism was not seriously considered as a solution because of the finite-mind objection. This article also provides a brief evaluation of foundationalism, emergent coherentism, and infinitism.
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  8.  3
    Direct and Indirect Measures of Spider Fear Predict Unique Variance in Children's Fear-Related Behaviour.Anke M. Klein, Eni S. Becker & Mike Rinck - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (7):1205-1213.
  9.  7
    The Theory of Nipātas in Yāska's NiruktaThe Theory of Nipatas in Yaska's Nirukta.Jared S. Klein & Ashok Aklujkar - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (4):911.
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  10.  6
    Stacy S. Klein, William Schipper, and Shannon Lewis-Simpson, Eds., The Maritime World of the Anglo-Saxons. Tempe, AZ: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2014. Pp. Xiv, 361; 48 Black-and-White Figures. $70. ISBN: 978-0-86698-496-6. [REVIEW]Francis Leneghan - 2017 - Speculum 92 (4):1208-1210.
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  11. Divide Et Impera! William James’s Pragmatist Tradition in the Philosophy of Science.Alexander Klein - 2008 - Philosophical Topics 36 (1):129-166.
    ABSTRACT. May scientists rely on substantive, a priori presuppositions? Quinean naturalists say "no," but Michael Friedman and others claim that such a view cannot be squared with the actual history of science. To make his case, Friedman offers Newton's universal law of gravitation and Einstein's theory of relativity as examples of admired theories that both employ presuppositions (usually of a mathematical nature), presuppositions that do not face empirical evidence directly. In fact, Friedman claims that the use of such presuppositions is (...)
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  12. On Hume on Space: Green's Attack, James' Empirical Response.Alexander Klein - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):pp. 415-449.
    ABSTRACT. Associationist psychologists of the late 19th-century premised their research on a fundamentally Humean picture of the mind. So the very idea of mental science was called into question when T. H. Green, a founder of British idealism, wrote an influential attack on Hume’s Treatise. I first analyze Green’s interpretation and criticism of Hume, situating his reading with respect to more recent Hume scholarship. I focus on Green’s argument that Hume cannot consistently admit real ideas of spatial relations. I then (...)
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  13.  81
    Libet's Temporal Anomalies: A Reassessment of the Data.Stanley A. Klein - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):198-214.
    Benjamin Libet compared the perceived time of direct brain stimulation to the perceived time of skin stimulation. His results are among the most controversial experiments at the interface between psychology and philosophy. The new element that I bring to this discussion is a reanalysis of Libet's raw data. Libet's original data were difficult to interpret because of the manner in which they were presented in tables. Plotting the data as psychometric functions shows that the observers have great uncertainty about the (...)
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  14.  5
    Between Anarchism and Suicide: On William James's Religious Therapy.Alexander Klein - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19 (32).
    William James’s religious writing displays a therapeutic concern for two key social problems: an epidemic of suicide among educated Victorians who worried that a scientific worldview left no room for God; and material poverty and bleak employment prospects for others. James sought a conception of God that would therapeutically comfort his melancholic peers while also girding them to fight for better social conditions—a fight he associated with political anarchism. What is perhaps most unique about James’s approach to religion emerges when (...)
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  15.  91
    Libet's Research on the Timing of Conscious Intention to Act: A Commentary.Stanley Klein - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):273-279.
    S. Pockett and G. Gomes discuss a possible bias in the method by which Libet's subjects estimated the time at which they became aware of their intent to move their hands. The bias, caused by sensory delay processing the clock information, would be sufficient to alter Trevena and Miller's conclusions regarding the timing of the lateralized readiness potential. I show that the flash-lag effect would compensate for that bias. In the last part of my commentary I note that the other (...)
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  16.  88
    The Question of Pantheism in the Second Objections to Descartes’s Meditations.Julie R. Klein - 2003 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 77 (3):357-379.
    Through a close analysis of texts from the Second Objections and Replies to the Meditations, this article addresses the tension between the pursuit of certainty and the preservation of divine transcendence in Descartes’s philosophy. Via a hypothetical “atheist geometer,” the Objectors charge Descartes with pantheism. While the Objectors’ motivations are not clear, the objection raises provocative questions about the relation of the divine and the human mind and about the being of created or dependent entities inDescartes’s metaphysics. Descartes contends that (...)
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  17.  6
    Kant’s Constitution of a Moral Image of the World.Joel Thiago Klein - 2019 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 60 (142):103-125.
    ABSTRACT In this paper, I argue that the idea of a universal history is systematically legitimized in Kant’s transcendental system of philosophy by way of the concept of a need [Bedürfnis] for pure practical reason. In this sense, the idea of a universal history is a fundamental part of the moral image of the world that emerges from Kant’s whole philosophy, and it is crucial for understanding both the possibility of the system of pure reason, as well the full development (...)
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  18.  93
    Libet's Timing of Mental Events: Commentary on the Commentaries.Stanley Klein - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):326-333.
    This issue of Consciousness and Cognition presents four target articles and eight commentaries on the target articles. The present article presents comments on those commentaries, grouped into backward referral and volition categories. Regarding backward referral: I disagree with my fellow commentators and take the unpopular position of defending Libet's notion of backward referral. I join my fellow commentators in critiquing Libet's notion of a 500-ms delay. I examine several of the hypotheses suggested by other commentators for why cortical and lateral (...)
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  19.  43
    Spinoza’s Debt to Gersonides.Julie R. Klein - 2003 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 24 (1):19-43.
    In proposition 7 of the second part of the Ethics, Spinoza famously contends that the “order and connection of things is the same as the order and connection of ideas.” On this basis, Spinoza argues in the scholium that thought and extension are different ways of conceiving one and the same substance: “the thinking substance and the extended substance are one and the same substance, which is now comprehended under this attribute, now under that”. Less famously, in the same scholium, (...)
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  20.  56
    Aristotle and Descartes in Spinoza’s Approach to Matter and Body.Julie R. Klein - 2005 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 26 (2):157-176.
    Considered in its seventeenth-century context, Spinoza’s way of thinking about substance and nature is striking for its simultaneous refusal of Cartesian dualism and Hobbesian materialism. Spinoza knew both thinkers’ work well, yet sided with neither. Where Descartes divides substance into thinking and extended substance, and where Hobbes reduces all things to body, Spinoza espouses what is best called a double-aspect or non-reductive monism. The single substance of the Ethics is expressed as an infinity of modes in an infinity of attributes, (...)
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  21.  20
    Experimental History and Herman Boerhaave's Chemistry of Plants.U. Klein - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (4):533-567.
    In the early eighteenth century, chemistry became the main academic locus where, in Francis Bacon's words, Experimenta lucifera were performed alongside Experimenta fructifera and where natural philosophy was coupled with natural history and 'experimental history' in the Baconian and Boyleian sense of an inventory and exploration of the extant operations of the arts and crafts. The Dutch social and political system and the institutional setting of the university of Leiden endorsed this empiricist, utilitarian orientation toward the sciences, which was forcefully (...)
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  22.  40
    Schrödinger’s Equation with Gauge Coupling Derived From a Continuity Equation.U. Klein - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (8):964-995.
    A quantization procedure without Hamiltonian is reported which starts from a statistical ensemble of particles of mass m and an associated continuity equation. The basic variables of this theory are a probability density ρ, and a scalar field S which defines a probability current j=ρ ∇ S/m. A first equation for ρ and S is given by the continuity equation. We further assume that this system may be described by a linear differential equation for a complex-valued state variable χ. Using (...)
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  23.  87
    Conventionalism and Realism in Hans Reichenbach's Philosophy of Geometry.Carsten Klein - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (3):243 – 251.
    Hans Reichenbach's so-called geometrical conventionalism is often taken as an example of a positivistic philosophy of science, based on a verificationist theory of meaning. By contrast, we shall argue that this view rests on a misinterpretation of Reichenbach's major work in this area, the Philosophy of Space and Time (1928). The conception of equivalent descriptions, which lies at the heart of Reichenbach's conventionalism, should be seen as an attempt to refute Poincaré's geometrical relativism. Based upon an examination of the reasons (...)
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  24.  65
    Nature's Metabolism: On Eating in Derrida, Agamben, and Spinoza.Julie Klein - 2003 - Research in Phenomenology 33 (1):186-217.
    This article studies a series of provocative references to Spinoza by Jacques Derrida and Giorgio Agamben. For both contemporary philosophers, the context is discussions of eating, a subject matter that turns out to involve such central issues as subjectivity, nature, ethics, and teleology. Each situates Spinoza in a counter-history of philosophy and suggests that Spinoza constitutes an important resource for contemporary reflections. Through an analysis of the three philosophers' texts about eating, nutrition, and being metabolized, I argue that Spinoza's nonteleological, (...)
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  25.  30
    Plato's Statesman and the Nature of Business Leadership: An Analysis From an Ethical Point of View. [REVIEW]Sherwin Klein - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (4):283 - 294.
    Plato's paradigm for statesmanship in the Statesman, the weaving of temperate and courageous properties, provides the contemporary business ethics theorist with an aid for determining certain problems and solutions with regard to business leadership. The history of American business values manifests the destructive, and especially unethical, effects of deviating from this paradigm by over-emphasizing one or the other of the above types of qualities. However, with the aid of Plato's model for leadership in the Statesman and suggestions from Peters and (...)
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  26.  25
    Memory and the Extension of Thinking in Descartes’s Regulae.Julie R. Klein - 2002 - International Philosophical Quarterly 42 (1):23-40.
    This article discusses the impact of Descartes’s substance-dualism on his account of discursive reason. Taking the presentation of deduction in the Rules as a paradigmatic case of thought’s extension and movement in time, I analyze the relation between intuitive and discursive understanding and that between intellect and imagination. I focus specifically on the mediation of corporeal impressions and of intellectual ideas by ingenium. As intellectual, ingenium is a faculty of understanding; as joining with phantasia, ingenium has access to corporeal affections, (...)
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  27.  9
    Nietzsche’s Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]Wayne Klein - 1996 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 19 (1):181-183.
    The title of Babette Babich’s recent book might surprise many readers. While many would agree that Nietzsche undertakes a critique of science or Wissenschaft, and of the concepts of objectivity and truth which it presupposes, there appears to be little evidence in Nietzsche’s work of the type of sustained, critical reflection which would merit being called a philosophy of science. The central aim of Babich’s book is to reverse this impression. With an impressive knowledge of Nietzsche’s oeuvre and a keen (...)
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  28. Error, Reference, and the First Horn of Hempel's Dilemma.Colin Klein - unknown
    It would be nice if our definition of ‘physical’ incorporated the distinctive content of physics. Attempts at such a definition quickly run into what’s known as Hempel’s dilemma. Briefly: when we talk about ‘physics’, we refer either to current physics or to some idealized version of physics. Current physics is likely wrong and so an unsuitable basis for a definition. ‘Ideal physics’ can’t itself be cashed out except as the science which has completed an accurate survey of the physical; appeals (...)
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  29.  1
    “Essences and Experts” Husserl's View of the Foundations of the Sciences.Ted Klein - 1996 - In Thomas Nenon & Lester Embree (eds.), Issues in Husserl's Ideas Ii. pp. 67--80.
  30. "Essences and Experts",: Husserl's View of the Foundation of the Sciences.Ted Klein - 2010 - In Thomas Nenon & Lester Embree (eds.), Issues in Husserl's Ii.
  31. The Feeling of Personal Ownership of One’s Mental States: A Conceptual Argument and Empirical Evidence for an Essential, but Underappreciated, Mechanism of Mind.Stan Klein - 2015 - Psychology of Consciousness: Research, Practice, and Theory 2 (4):355-376.
    I argue that the feeling that one is the owner of his or her mental states is not an intrinsic property of those states. Rather, it consists in a contingent relation between consciousness and its intentional objects. As such, there are (a variety of) circumstances, varying in their interpretive clarity, in which this relation can come undone. When this happens, the content of consciousness still is apprehended, but the feeling that the content “belongs to me” no longer is secured. I (...)
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  32. The Temporal Orientation of Memory: It's Time for a Change of Direction.Stan Klein - 2013 - Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition 2:222-234.
    Common wisdom, philosophical analysis and psychological research share the view that memory is subjectively positioned toward the past: Specifically, memory enables one to become re-acquainted with the objects and events of his or her past. In this paper I call this assumption into question. As I hope to show, memory has been designed by natural selection not to relive the past, but rather to anticipate and plan for future contingencies -- a decidedly future-oriented mode of subjective temporality. This is not (...)
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  33.  6
    William James's Objection to Epiphenomenalism.Alexander Klein - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
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  34.  26
    Working Minds : A Practitioner's Guide to Cognitive Task Analysis.B. Crandall, G. A. Klein & R. R. Hoffman - forthcoming - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine.
    Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) helps researchers understand how cognitive skills and strategies make it possible for people to act effectively and get things done. CTA can yield information people needemployers faced with personnel issues, market researchers who want to understand the thought processes of consumers, trainers and others who design instructional systems, health care professionals who want to apply lessons learned from errors and accidents, systems analysts developing user specifications, and many other professionals. CTA can show what makes the workplace (...)
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  35.  72
    Infinitism's Take on Justification, Knowledge, Certainty and Skepticism.Peter D. Klein - 2005 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 50 (4):153-172.
    O propósito deste artigo é mostrar como podem ser desenvolvidas explicações robustas de justificação e de certeza no interior do infinitismo. Primeiro, eu explico como a concepção infinitista de justificação epistêmica difere das concepções fundacionista e coerentista. Em segundo lugar, explico como o infinitista pode oferecer uma solução ao problema do regresso epistêmico. Em terceiro lugar, explico como o infinitismo, per se, é compatível com as teorias daqueles que sustentam 1) que o conhecimento requer certeza e que uma tal forma (...)
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  36.  15
    Differing Connectivity of Exner’s Area for Numbers and Letters.Elise Klein, Klaus Willmes, Stefanie Jung, Stefan Huber, Lucia W. Braga & Korbinian Moeller - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  37. The Highest Good and the Practical Regulative Knowledge in Kant’s Critique of Practical Reason.Joel Thiago Klein - 2016 - Con-Textos Kantianos 3:210-230.
    In this paper I defend three different points: first, that the concept of highest good is derived from an a priori but subjective argument, namely a maxim of pure practical reason; secondly, that the theory regarding the highest good has the validity of a practical regulative knowledge; and thirdly, that the practical regulative knowledge can be understood as the same “holding something to be true” as Kant attributes to hope and believe.
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  38. From Children's Perspectives: A Model of Aesthetic Processing in Theatre.Jeanne Klein - 2005 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 39 (4):40-57.
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  39.  3
    Sign of Pathology: U.S. Medical Rhetoric on Abortions, 1800s‐1960s. By Nathan Stormer. Pp. Xi, 256, University Park, PA, The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2015, $69.95. [REVIEW]Terrance Klein - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (4):646-647.
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  40.  8
    A Commentary on Plato's MENO.Jacob Klein - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 20 (78):78-79.
  41.  42
    Descartes’s Critique of the Atheist Geometer.Julie R. Klein - 2000 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (3):429-445.
  42.  9
    A Commentary on Plato's Meno.Alexander Sesonske & Jacob Klein - 1967 - Philosophical Review 76 (4):523.
  43. Hegel's Dialetic of Master and Slave as a Model for the Relation Between Artistic Creation and Aesthetic Appreciation.Claude Gandelman & Itshaq Klein - 1978 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 5 (1):36-45.
  44. Thermodynamics and Quanta in Planck’s Work.Martin J. Klein - 1966 - Physics Today 19 (11):294--302.
  45. Plato’s Trilogy: Theaetetus, Sophist, and the Statesman.Jacob Klein - 1977 - University of Chicago Press.
  46.  5
    Validating the Radboud Faces Database From a Child’s Perspective.Iris A. M. Verpaalen, Geraly Bijsterbosch, Lynn Mobach, Gijsbert Bijlstra, Mike Rinck & Anke M. Klein - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1531-1547.
    ABSTRACTFacial expressions play a central role in diverse areas of psychology. However, facial stimuli are often only validated by adults, and there are no face databases validated by school-aged c...
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  47. Francis Bacon's Scientia Operativa, the Tradition of the Workshops, and the Secrets of Nature.J. Klein - 2008 - In Claus Zittel (ed.), Philosophies of Technology: Francis Bacon and His Contemporaries. Brill.
     
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  48. Gersonides's Approach to Emanation and Transcendence: Evidence From the Theory of Intellection.Julie R. Klein - 2006 - In M. C. Pacheco & J. F. Meirinhos (eds.), Filosofia. Brepols Publishers. pp. I: 53-64.
     
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  49.  24
    An Analysis and Defense of Aristotle’s Method in Nicomachean Ethics I and X.Sherwin Klein - 1988 - Ancient Philosophy 8 (1):63-72.
  50.  8
    The Man Within the Breast, the Supreme Impartial Spectator, and Other Impartial Spectators in Adam Smith’s The Theory of Moral Sentiments.Daniel B. Klein, Erik W. Matson & Colin Doran - 2018 - History of European Ideas 44 (8):1153-1168.
    ABSTRACTAdam Smith infused the expression ‘impartial spectator’ with a plexus of related meanings, one of which is a super-being, which bears parallels to monotheistic ideas of God. As for any genuine, identified, human spectator, he can be deemed impartial only presumptively. Such presumptive impartiality as regards the incident does not of itself carry extensive implications about his intelligence, nor about his being aligned with benevolence towards any larger whole. We may posit, however, a being who is impartial and who holds (...)
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