82 found
  1. Towards a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness: Basic evidence and a workspace framework.Stanislas Dehaene & Lionel Naccache - 2001 - Cognition 79 (1):1-37.
    This introductory chapter attempts to clarify the philosophical, empirical, and theoretical bases on which a cognitive neuroscience approach to consciousness can be founded. We isolate three major empirical observations that any theory of consciousness should incorporate, namely (1) a considerable amount of processing is possible without consciousness, (2) attention is a prerequisite of consciousness, and (3) consciousness is required for some specific cognitive tasks, including those that require durable information maintenance, novel combinations of operations, or the spontaneous generation of intentional (...)
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  2. Conscious, preconscious, and subliminal processing: A testable taxonomy.Stanislas Dehaene, Jean-Pierre Changeux, Lionel Naccache, Jérôme Sackur & Claire Sergent - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):204-211.
    Amidst the many brain events evoked by a visual stimulus, which are specifically associated with conscious perception, and which merely reflect non-conscious processing? Several recent neuroimaging studies have contrasted conscious and non-conscious visual processing, but their results appear inconsistent. Some support a correlation of conscious perception with early occipital events, others with late parieto-frontal activity. Here we attempt to make sense of those dissenting results. On the basis of a minimal neuro-computational model, the global neuronal workspace hypothesis, we propose a (...)
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  3. Consciousness and the brain: deciphering how the brain codes our thoughts.Stanislas Dehaene - 2014 - New York, New York: Viking Press.
    A breathtaking look at the new science that can track consciousness deep in the brain How does our brain generate a conscious thought? And why does so much of our knowledge remain unconscious? Thanks to clever psychological and brain-imaging experiments, scientists are closer to cracking this mystery than ever before. In this lively book, Stanislas Dehaene describes the pioneering work his lab and the labs of other cognitive neuroscientists worldwide have accomplished in defining, testing, and explaining the brain events behind (...)
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  4. Exact and Approximate Arithmetic in an Amazonian Indigene Group.Pierre Pica, Cathy Lemer, Véronique Izard & Stanislas Dehaene - 2004 - Science 306 (5695):499-503.
    Is calculation possible without language? Or is the human ability for arithmetic dependent on the language faculty? To clarify the relation between language and arithmetic, we studied numerical cognition in speakers of Mundurukú, an Amazonian language with a very small lexicon of number words. Although the Mundurukú lack words for numbers beyond 5, they are able to compare and add large approximate numbers that are far beyond their naming range. However, they fail in exact arithmetic with numbers larger than 4 (...)
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  5. Core systems of number.Stanislas Dehaene, Elizabeth Spelke & Lisa Feigenson - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (7):307-314.
  6.  85
    The mental representation of parity and number magnitude.Stanislas Dehaene, Serge Bossini & Pascal Giraux - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (3):371.
  7. The Number Sense: How the Mind Creates Mathematics.Stanislas Dehaene - 1999 - British Journal of Educational Studies 47 (2):201-203.
  8. Levels of processing during non-conscious perception: A critical review of visual masking.Sid Kouider & Stanislas Dehaene - 2007 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B 362 (1481):857-875.
  9. Cerebral mechanisms of word masking and unconscious repetition priming.Stanislas Dehaene, Lionel Naccache, L. Jonathan Cohen, Denis Le Bihan, Jean-Francois Mangin, Jean-Baptiste Poline & Denis Rivière - 2001 - Nature Neuroscience 4 (7):752-758.
  10. Log or linear? Distinct intuitions of the number scale in Western and Amazonian indigene cultures.Pierre Pica, Stanislas Dehaene, Elizabeth Spelke & Véronique Izard - 2008 - Science 320 (5880):1217-1220.
    The mapping of numbers onto space is fundamental to measurement and to mathematics. Is this mapping a cultural invention or a universal intuition shared by all humans regardless of culture and education? We probed number-space mappings in the Mundurucu, an Amazonian indigene group with a reduced numerical lexicon and little or no formal education. At all ages, the Mundurucu mapped symbolic and nonsymbolic numbers onto a logarithmic scale, whereas Western adults used linear mapping with small or symbolic numbers and logarithmic (...)
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  11. A neuronal model of a global workspace in effortful cognitive tasks.Stanislas Dehaene, Michel Kerszberg & Jean-Pierre Changeux - 2001 - Pnas 95 (24):14529-14534.
  12.  62
    Varieties of numerical abilities.Stanislas Dehaene - 1992 - Cognition 44 (1-2):1-42.
  13.  80
    Developmental trajectory of number acuity reveals a severe impairment in developmental dyscalculia.Manuela Piazza, Andrea Facoetti, Anna Noemi Trussardi, Ilaria Berteletti, Stefano Conte, Daniela Lucangeli, Stanislas Dehaene & Marco Zorzi - 2010 - Cognition 116 (1):33-41.
  14.  96
    Is consciousness a gradual phenomenon? Evidence for an all-or-none bifurcation during the attentional blink.Claire Sergent & Stanislas Dehaene - 2004 - Psychological Science 15 (11):720-728.
  15. Core Knowledge of Geometry in an Amazonian Indigene Group.Stanislas Dehaene, Véronique Izard, Pierre Pica & Elizabeth Spelke - 2006 - Science 311 (5759)::381-4.
    Does geometry constitues a core set of intuitions present in all humans, regarless of their language or schooling ? We used two non verbal tests to probe the conceptual primitives of geometry in the Munduruku, an isolated Amazonian indigene group. Our results provide evidence for geometrical intuitions in the absence of schooling, experience with graphic symbols or maps, or a rich language of geometrical terms.
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  16.  39
    Space, Time and Number in the Brain: Searching for the Foundations of Mathematical Thought.Stanislas Dehaene & Elizabeth Brannon (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    A uniquely integrative work, this volume provides a much needed compilation of primary source material to researchers from basic neuroscience, psychology, developmental science, neuroimaging, neuropsychology and theoretical biology. * The ...
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  17.  85
    Timing of the brain events underlying access to consciousness during the attentional blink.Claire Sergent, Sylvain Baillet & Stanislas Dehaene - 2005 - Nature Neuroscience 8 (10):1391-1400.
  18. Education Enhances the Acuity of the Nonverbal Approximate Number System.Manuela Piazza, Pierre Pica, Véronique Izard, Elizabeth Spelke & Stanislas Dehaene - 2013 - Psychological Science 24 (4):p.
    All humans share a universal, evolutionarily ancient approximate number system (ANS) that estimates and combines the numbers of objects in sets with ratio-limited precision. Interindividual variability in the acuity of the ANS correlates with mathematical achievement, but the causes of this correlation have never been established. We acquired psychophysical measures of ANS acuity in child and adult members of an indigene group in the Amazon, the Mundurucú, who have a very restricted numerical lexicon and highly variable access to mathematics education. (...)
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  19.  68
    Non-symbolic arithmetic in adults and young children.Hilary Barth, Kristen La Mont, Jennifer Lipton, Stanislas Dehaene, Nancy Kanwisher & Elizabeth Spelke - 2006 - Cognition 98 (3):199-222.
  20.  89
    Unconscious semantic priming extends to novel unseen stimuli.Lionel Naccache & Stanislas Dehaene - 2001 - Cognition 80 (3):215-229.
  21. Brain dynamics underlying the nonlinear threshold for access to consciousness.Antoine Del Cul, Sylvain Baillet & Stanislas Dehaene - 2007 - Public Library of Science, Biology 5 (10):e260.
  22. Neural Mechanisms for Access to Consciousness.Stanislas Dehaene & Jean-Pierre Changeux - 2004 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press. pp. 1145-1157.
  23.  65
    Calibrating the mental number line.Véronique Izard & Stanislas Dehaene - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1221-1247.
    Human adults are thought to possess two dissociable systems to represent numbers: an approximate quantity system akin to a mental number line, and a verbal system capable of representing numbers exactly. Here, we study the interface between these two systems using an estimation task. Observers were asked to estimate the approximate numerosity of dot arrays. We show that, in the absence of calibration, estimates are largely inaccurate: responses increase monotonically with numerosity, but underestimate the actual numerosity. However, insertion of a (...)
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  24.  40
    Neuronal models of cognitive functions.Jean-Pierre Changeux & Stanislas Dehaene - 1989 - Cognition 33 (1-2):63-109.
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  25. Ongoing spontaneous activity controls access to consciousness: A neuronal model for inattentional blindness.Jean-Pierre Changeux & Stanislas Dehaene - 2005 - PLoS Biology 3 (5):e141.
    1 INSERM-CEA Unit 562, Cognitive Neuroimaging, Service Hospitalier Fre´de´ric Joliot, Orsay, France, 2 CNRS URA2182 Re´cepteurs and Cognition, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
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  26. Exact equality and successor function: Two key concepts on the path towards understanding exact numbers.Véronique Izard, Pierre Pica, Elizabeth S. Spelke & Stanislas Dehaene - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (4):491 – 505.
    Humans possess two nonverbal systems capable of representing numbers, both limited in their representational power: the first one represents numbers in an approximate fashion, and the second one conveys information about small numbers only. Conception of exact large numbers has therefore been thought to arise from the manipulation of exact numerical symbols. Here, we focus on two fundamental properties of the exact numbers as prerequisites to the concept of EXACT NUMBERS : the fact that all numbers can be generated by (...)
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  27. Précis of the number sense.Stanislas Dehaene - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (1):16–36.
    ‘Number sense’ is a short‐hand for our ability to quickly understand, approximate, and manipulate numerical quantities. My hypothesis is that number sense rests on cerebral circuits that have evolved specifically for the purpose of representing basic arithmetic knowledge. Four lines of evidence suggesting that number sense constitutes a domain‐specific, biologically‐determined ability are reviewed: the presence of evolutionary precursors of arithmetic in animals; the early emergence of arithmetic competence in infants independently of other abilities, including language; the existence of a homology (...)
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  28.  99
    Effortless control: Executive attention and conscious feeling of mental effort are dissociable.Lionel Naccache, Stanislas Dehaene, L. Jonathan Cohen, Marie-Odile Habert, Elodie Guichart-Gomez, Damien Galanaud & Jean-Claude Willer - 2005 - Neuropsychologia 43 (9):1318-1328.
  29.  29
    The priming method: Imaging unconscious repetition priming reveals an abstract representation of number in the parietal lobes.Lionel Naccache & Stanislas Dehaene - 2001 - Cerebral Cortex 11 (10):966-974.
  30.  37
    On-line confidence monitoring during decision making.Dror Dotan, Florent Meyniel & Stanislas Dehaene - 2018 - Cognition 171 (C):112-121.
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  31.  50
    The cognitive architecture for chaining of two mental operations.Jérôme Sackur & Stanislas Dehaene - 2009 - Cognition 111 (2):187-211.
  32.  51
    Reportability and illusions of phenomenality in the light of the global neuronal workspace model.Lionel Naccache & Stanislas Dehaene - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):518-520.
    Can we ever experimentally disentangle phenomenal consciousness from the cognitive accessibility inherent to conscious reports? In this commentary, we suggest that (1) Block's notion of phenomenal consciousness remains intractably entangled with the need to obtain subjective reports about it; and (2) many experimental paradigms suggest that the intuitive notion of a rich but non-reportable phenomenal world is, to a large extent illusory – in a sense that requires clarification.
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  33.  47
    How do we convert a number into a finger trajectory?Dror Dotan & Stanislas Dehaene - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):512-529.
  34.  18
    Mechanisms for handling nested dependencies in neural-network language models and humans.Yair Lakretz, Dieuwke Hupkes, Alessandra Vergallito, Marco Marelli, Marco Baroni & Stanislas Dehaene - 2021 - Cognition 213 (C):104699.
  35.  53
    Mapping introspection’s blind spot: Reconstruction of dual-task phenomenology using quantified introspection.Sébastien Marti, Jérôme Sackur, Mariano Sigman & Stanislas Dehaene - 2010 - Cognition 115 (2):303-313.
  36.  16
    Author’s Response: Is Number Sense a Patchwork?Stanislas Dehaene - 2002 - Mind and Language 16 (1):89-100.
    ‘Number sense’ is a short‐hand for our ability to quickly understand, approximate, and manipulate numerical quantities. My hypothesis is that number sense rests on cerebral circuits that have evolved specifically for the purpose of representing basic arithmetic knowledge. Four lines of evidence suggesting that number sense constitutes a domain‐specific, biologically‐determined ability are reviewed: the presence of evolutionary precursors of arithmetic in animals; the early emergence of arithmetic competence in infants independently of other abilities, including language; the existence of a homology (...)
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  37.  30
    Spontaneous number discrimination of multi-format auditory stimuli in cotton-top tamarins.Marc D. Hauser, Stanislas Dehaene, Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz & Andrea L. Patalano - 2002 - Cognition 86 (2):B23-B32.
  38. Nonconscious semantic processing of emotional words modulates conscious access.Raphaël Gaillard, Antoine Del Cul, Lionel Naccache, Fabien Vinckier, Laurent Cohen, Stanislas Dehaene & Edward E. Smith - 2006 - Pnas Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (19):7524-7529.
  39.  19
    Learning to focus on number.Manuela Piazza, Vito De Feo, Stefano Panzeri & Stanislas Dehaene - 2018 - Cognition 181 (C):35-45.
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  40. Flexible intuitions of Euclidean geometry in an Amazonian indigene group.Pierre Pica, Véronique Izard, Elizabeth Spelke & Stanislas Dehaene - 2011 - Pnas 23.
    Kant argued that Euclidean geometry is synthesized on the basis of an a priori intuition of space. This proposal inspired much behavioral research probing whether spatial navigation in humans and animals conforms to the predictions of Euclidean geometry. However, Euclidean geometry also includes concepts that transcend the perceptible, such as objects that are infinitely small or infinitely large, or statements of necessity and impossibility. We tested the hypothesis that certain aspects of nonperceptible Euclidian geometry map onto intuitions of space that (...)
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  41.  54
    Core knowledge of geometry can develop independently of visual experience.Benedetta Heimler, Tomer Behor, Stanislas Dehaene, Véronique Izard & Amir Amedi - 2021 - Cognition 212 (C):104716.
    Geometrical intuitions spontaneously drive visuo-spatial reasoning in human adults, children and animals. Is their emergence intrinsically linked to visual experience, or does it reflect a core property of cognition shared across sensory modalities? To address this question, we tested the sensitivity of blind-from-birth adults to geometrical-invariants using a haptic deviant-figure detection task. Blind participants spontaneously used many geometric concepts such as parallelism, right angles and geometrical shapes to detect intruders in haptic displays, but experienced difficulties with symmetry and complex spatial (...)
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  42.  14
    On the origins of logarithmic number-to-position mapping.Dror Dotan & Stanislas Dehaene - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (6):637-666.
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  43.  2
    Parallel and serial processes in number-to-quantity conversion.Dror Dotan & Stanislas Dehaene - 2020 - Cognition 204 (C):104387.
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  44.  31
    Early dissociation between neural signatures of endogenous spatial attention and perceptual awareness during visual masking.Valentin Wyart, Stanislas Dehaene & Catherine Tallon-Baudry - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  45.  37
    Rapid parallel semantic processing of numbers without awareness.Filip Van Opstal, Floris P. de Lange & Stanislas Dehaene - 2011 - Cognition 120 (1):136-147.
  46.  85
    Inverse retinotopy: Inferring the visual content of images from brain activation patterns.Bertrand Thirion, Edouard Duchesnay, Edward M. Hubbard, Jessica Dubois, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Denis Lebihan & Stanislas Dehaene - 2006 - NeuroImage 33 (4):1104-1116.
  47.  29
    Subjective report of eye fixations during serial search.Sébastien Marti, Laurie Bayet & Stanislas Dehaene - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:1-15.
  48.  34
    The Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness.Stanislas Dehaene (ed.) - 2001 - MIT Press.
    This book investigates the philosophical, empirical, and theoretical bases on which a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness can be founded.
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  49.  26
    Reading in the Brain Revised and Extended: Response to Comments.Stanislas Dehaene - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (3):320-335.
    Reading in the Brain (Les neurones de la lecture, 2007) examined the origins of human reading abilities in the light of contemporary cognitive neuroscience. It argued that reading acquisition, in all cultures, recycles preexisting cortical circuits dedicated to invariant visual recognition, and that the organization of these circuits imposes strong constraints on the invention and cultural evolution of writing systems. In this article, seven years later, I briefly review new experimental evidence, particularly from brain imaging studies of illiterate adults, which (...)
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  50.  85
    Eye gaze reveals a fast, parallel extraction of the syntax of arithmetic formulas.Elisa Schneider, Masaki Maruyama, Stanislas Dehaene & Mariano Sigman - 2012 - Cognition 125 (3):475-490.
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