Results for 'Stefan Lautenbacher'

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  1.  11
    Is there a sex difference in the balance of pain excitatory and pain inhibitory processes?Stefan Lautenbacher - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):456-457.
    According to berkley's review, women have a higher risk of suffering from pain than men. If this is true, there should be more frequent and more intense activity both in the pain excitatory system and in the pain inhibitory system of women than of men. Consequently, it remains unclear whether the overall effect at the end is more pain or less pain in women. This conclusion fits the weak sex differences observed for experimental and clinical pain as shown by BERKLEY's (...)
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  2. An axiomatic approach to axiological uncertainty.Stefan Https://Orcidorg Riedener - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (2):483-504.
    How ought you to evaluate your options if you’re uncertain about which axiology is true? One prominent response is Expected Moral Value Maximisation, the view that under axiological uncertainty, an option is better than another if and only if it has the greater expected moral value across axiologies. EMVM raises two fundamental questions. First, there’s a question about what it should even mean. In particular, it presupposes that we can compare moral value across axiologies. So to even understand EMVM, we (...)
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  3. The Point of Promises.Stefan Https://Orcidorg Riedener & Philipp Https://Orcidorg Schwind - 2022 - Ethics 132 (3):621-643.
    The normative mechanics of promising seem complex. The strength and content of promissory obligations, and the residual duties they entail upon being violated, have various prima facie surprising features. We give an account to explain these features. Promises have a point. The point of a promise to φ is a promise-independent reason to φ for the promisee’s sake. A promise turns this reason into a duty. This explains the mechanics of promises. And it grounds a nuanced picture of immoral promises, (...)
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  4. The Standing To Blame, or Why Moral Disapproval Is What It Is.Stefan Https://Orcidorg Riedener - 2019 - Dialectica 73 (1-2):183-210.
    Intuitively, we lack the standing to blame others in light of moral norms that we ourselves don't take seriously: if Adam is unrepentantly aggressive, say, he lacks the standing to blame Celia for her aggressiveness. But why does blame have this feature? Existing proposals try to explain this by reference to specific principles of normative ethics – e.g. to rule‐consequentialist considerations, to the wrongness of hypocritical blame, or principles of rights‐forfeiture based on this wrongness. In this paper, I suggest a (...)
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  5.  76
    Constructivism about Intertheoretic Comparisons.Stefan Https://Orcidorg Riedener - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (3):277-290.
    Many people think that if you're uncertain about which moral theory is correct, you ought to maximize the expected choice-worthiness of your actions. This idea presupposes that the strengths of our moral reasons are comparable across theories – for instance, that our reasons to create new people, according to total utilitarianism, can be stronger than our reasons to benefit an existing person, according to a person-affecting view. But how can we make sense of such comparisons? In this article, I introduce (...)
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  6.  89
    Don’t make a fetish of faults: a vindication of moral luck.Stefan Https://Orcidorg Riedener - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (3):693-711.
    Is it appropriate to blame people unequally if the only difference between them was a matter of luck? Suppose Alice would drive recklessly if she could, Belen drove recklessly but didn’t harm anyone, and Cleo drove recklessly and killed a child. Luck-advocates emphasize that in real life we do blame such agents very unequally. Luck-skeptics counter that people aren’t responsible for factors beyond their control, or beyond their quality of will. I’ll defend a somewhat reconciliatory view. I’ll concede to the (...)
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  7. Metaphysical explanations and the counterfactual theory of explanation.Stefan Roski - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (6):1971-1991.
    According to an increasingly popular view among philosophers of science, both causal and non-causal explanations can be accounted for by a single theory: the counterfactual theory of explanation. A kind of non-causal explanation that has gained much attention recently but that this theory seems unable to account for are grounding explanations. Reutlinger :239-256, 2017) has argued that, despite these appearances to the contrary, such explanations are covered by his version of the counterfactual theory. His idea is supported by recent work (...)
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  8. On the Tragic: A Confession and Beyond.Stefan Morawski - 1983 - In Monroe C. Beardsley & John Fisher (eds.), Essays on aesthetics: perspectives on the work of Monroe C. Beardsley. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. pp. 283--288.
     
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  9.  4
    Mit-Mensch-Sein: Phänomenologie und Ontologie der Gabe bei Ferdinand Ulrich.Stefan Oster - 2004 - Freiburg: Alber.
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  10.  1
    Kommunistische Kunst: und andere Beiträge zur Ästhetik.Stefan Ripplinger - 2019 - Hamburg: KVV konkret.
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  11. Die Biomedizin Im Europa- Und Völkerrecht Eine Einführung in Internationale Instrumente, Prinzipien Und Regelungen der Humangenetik.Stefan F. Schulz - 2002 - Irp.
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  12.  6
    Knowledge and the “Favor of Nature”.Stefan Tolksdorf - 2016 - In José María Ariso & Astrid Wagner (eds.), Rationality Reconsidered: Ortega y Gasset and Wittgenstein on Knowledge, Belief, and Practice. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 171-184.
  13.  19
    The possibility of applying Whitehead’s philosophy.Štefan Zolcer - 2016 - Human Affairs 26 (4):450-461.
    In this paper I try to elucidate the differences between theoretical and practical endeavors in philosophy, and then to show that in a sense philosophy has to be theoretical, but— if it claims to be viable—it must be practical as well. First I consider the meaning of the terms theoretical, practical, abstract, and concrete. Then, with the help of Whitehead’s ideas on this topic, I briefly reflect on the method, aims and role of philosophy. I hold that a properly established (...)
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  14.  47
    Amateur and Recreational Athletes’ Motivation to Exercise, Stress, and Coping During the Corona Crisis.Franziska Lautenbach, Sascha Leisterer, Nadja Walter, Lara Kronenberg, Theresa Manges, Oliver Leis, Vincent Pelikan, Sabrina Gebhardt & Anne-Marie Elbe - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted mobility worldwide. As a corollary, the health of top- and lower-level athletes alike is profoundly reliant on movement and exercise. Thus, the aim of this study is to understand impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on athletes’ motivation to exercise and train. In detail, we aim to better understand who reported a change in motivation to train due to the lockdown, why they reported lower motivation, what they did to help themselves, what support they (...)
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  15.  31
    On trans-humanism.Stefan Lorenz Sorgner - 2016 - University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press. Edited by Spencer Hawkins.
    Examines widespread myths about transhumanism and explores the most pressing ethical issues in the debate over technologically assisted human enhancement.
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  16.  10
    Effects of positive affect and positive emotions on executive functions: a systematic review and meta-analysis.Franziska Lautenbach - 2024 - Cognition and Emotion 38 (1):1-22.
    Positive emotions (PEs) impact cognitive processes, including executive functions (EFs; i.e. inhibition, working memory, cognitive flexibility). However, previous reviews and meta-analyses report contradicting results. Thus, this review takes a novel approach to overcome conflicting findings by clearly conceptualising PE induction and by providing a detailed description of the tasks used to assess EFs, as well as by exclusively focusing on EFs. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis was performed. Study inclusion criteria required that subjects were healthy individuals over 18 years, (...)
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  17.  8
    Die Legitimität der Aufklärung: Selbstbestimmung der Vernunft bei Immanuel Kant und Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi.Stefan Schick - 2019 - Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.
    This study defends the legitimacy of the Enlightenment project by way of its different realizations in the philosophies of Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi. Today, Enlightenment as a cosmopolitan project with a global claim is often considered synonymous with Western chauvinism. The assertion of a universally binding reason is all too obviously inconsistent with the much-cited recognition of cultural differences. In contrast, it is the conviction brought forward in this book that an adequately understood Enlightenment is an unconditional right (...)
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  18.  66
    What are universities for?Stefan Collini - 2012 - New York: Penguin Books.
    Stefan Collini challenges the common claim that universities need to show that they help to make money in order to justify getting more money.
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  19. Maximising Expected Value Under Axiological Uncertainty. An Axiomatic Approach.Stefan Riedener - 2015 - Dissertation, Oxford
    The topic of this thesis is axiological uncertainty – the question of how you should evaluate your options if you are uncertain about which axiology is true. As an answer, I defend Expected Value Maximisation (EVM), the view that one option is better than another if and only if it has the greater expected value across axiologies. More precisely, I explore the axiomatic foundations of this view. I employ results from state-dependent utility theory, extend them in various ways and interpret (...)
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  20.  21
    Slices of meaning : Levels of analysis and the unity of understanding.Stefan Riegelnik - 2017 - In . pp. 213-226.
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  21.  9
    Staatstheorien der Aufklärung: Theorien der Demokratie und der Gesellschaftsanalyse.Stefan Schweizer - 2009 - Bremen: Europäischer Hochschulverlag.
    Das Thema Staatstheorien bezieht sich auf eines der wichtigsten Gebiete der staatsbürgerlichen Erziehung und damit der stabilen freiheitlich-demokratischen Grundordnung überhaupt. Staatstheo-rien sind in verschiedenen Ausprägungen vorhanden und insofern sind Selektionskriterien und Begründungen erforderlich. Die Staats-theorien der Aufklärung werden zu Recht als maßgeblicher Ein-flussfaktor der heutigen westlichen Demokratieformen gesehen. Innerhalb der Aufklärung gibt es eine Kanonbildung der Vertrags- und Staatstheorien: Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu und Rousseau besitzen seit geraumer Zeit einen festen Platz darin. Zwischen Demokratie und politischer Bildung herrscht ein enger und (...)
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  22.  36
    Music in German philosophy: an introduction.Stefan Lorenz Sorgner & Oliver Fürbeth (eds.) - 2010 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    The book is prefaced by the editors’ original introduction, presenting music philosophy in Germany before and after Kant, as well as a new introduction and ...
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  23.  4
    Der Leib in Nietzsches Zarathustra.Stefan Thumfart - 1995 - New York: P. Lang.
    Die Begegnung von Buddhismus und Christentum fordert ein verwandeltes Selbstverständnis philosophischen Denkens. Der japanische Philosoph Keiji Nishitani sieht in der existenziellen Radikalisierung der Frage «Was ist Religion?» bis zum buddhistischen Standpunkt der Leere die Möglichkeit der Überwindung des Nihilismus. Seine Geschichtsinterpretation öffnet in dieser Arbeit den Zugang zu Nietzsches Leib-Denken in seinem Zarathustra. In diesem Rahmen versucht der Verfasser, mit einer Methodenvielfalt und in Auseinandersetzung mit wichtigen abendländischen Denkern die Fraglichkeit jener Frage an ihre Grenze zu treiben.
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  24.  5
    Der griechische Fortschrittsbegriff: dargestellt an Platon.Stefan Georg Sattler - 2000 - Berlin: Dissertation.de.
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  25.  2
    O wartościowaniu w badaniach literackich: studia.Stefan Sawicki & Władysław Panas (eds.) - 1986 - Lublin: Red. Wydawn. Katolickiego Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego.
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  26.  5
    Debunking Arguments in Ethics, written by H. Sauer.Stefan S. Mićić - 2024 - Journal of Moral Philosophy:1-4.
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  27. Whitehead’s Organic Conception of Humanity. Beyond Mechanistic Philosophy in an Age of Transhumanism.Štefan Zolcer - 2023 - Human Affairs 33 (2):250-262.
    There are several conceptions of man in the history of philosophy. However, two considerable tendencies are recurring throughout modern history. A human being can be perceived as a complex mechanism or as a living organism. The response to the query has essential consequences in different areas. The article aims to provide a view of humankind that builds upon an organic conception of life, nature, and human beings, especially as elaborated by A. N. Whitehead and some of his followers. The article (...)
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  28.  10
    Sentence, proposition, and context: on the idea of an intermediate level.Stefan Riegelnik - 2014 - In .
    In contemporary theories of language it is common to appeal to propositions as expressed by utterances of sentences. The aim of this paper is to question this idea, for as I argue, the relationship between sentences and propositions cannot be worked out in any rewarding way.
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  29.  19
    The Roots of the Paradox of Predictability: A Reply to Gijsbers.Stefan Rummens - 2024 - Erkenntnis 89 (5):2097-2104.
    The paradox of predictability refers to situations in which, even in a deterministic universe, a correct prediction of a future action is seemingly impossible because the agent whose action is predicted is determined to act counterpredictively. In a recent contribution to this journal, Victor Gijsbers provides an example of the paradox in which the undecidability of the situation plays an essential role and claims, additionally, that this undecidability is at the root of all examples of the paradox. This paper argues, (...)
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  30.  7
    Wizje człowieka i społeczeństwa w teoriach i badaniach naukowych: tom studiów.Stefan Nowak (ed.) - 1984 - Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawn. Nauk..
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  31.  4
    Christliche Verantwortung in der Welt der Gegenwart.Stefan Rehrl (ed.) - 1982 - Salzburg: A. Pustet.
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  32.  5
    Kants Verteidigung der Metaphysik: eine Untersuchung zur Problemgeschichte des Opus Postumum.Stefan Schulze - 1994 - Marburg: Tectum.
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  33.  60
    Defining Explanation and Explanatory Depth in XAI.Stefan Buijsman - 2022 - Minds and Machines 32 (3):563-584.
    Explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) aims to help people understand black box algorithms, particularly of their outputs. But what are these explanations and when is one explanation better than another? The manipulationist definition of explanation from the philosophy of science offers good answers to these questions, holding that an explanation consists of a generalization that shows what happens in counterfactual cases. Furthermore, when it comes to explanatory depth this account holds that a generalization that has more abstract variables, is broader in (...)
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  34.  3
    Die Ästhetik des Menschen: über das Technische in Leben und Kunst.Stefan Rieger - 2002 - Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
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  35.  6
    Adorno: eine Biographie.Stefan Müller-Doohm - 2003 - Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
  36.  43
    Public Moralists: Political Thought and Intellectual Life in Britain, 1850-1930.Stefan Collini - 1991 - Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press.
    This imaginative and unusual book explores the moral sensibilities and cultural assumptions that were at the heart of political debate in Victorian and early twentieth-century Britain. It focuses on the role of intellectuals as public moralists and suggests ways in which their more formal political theory rested upon habits of response and evaluation that were deeply embedded in wider social attitudes and aesthetic judgments. Collini examines the characteristic idioms and strategies of argument employed in periodical and polemical writing, and reconstructs (...)
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  37. Ethics of Artificial Intelligence.Stefan Buijsman, Michael Klenk & Jeroen van den Hoven - forthcoming - In Nathalie Smuha (ed.), Cambridge Handbook on the Law, Ethics and Policy of AI. Cambridge University Press.
    Artificial Intelligence (AI) is increasingly adopted in society, creating numerous opportunities but at the same time posing ethical challenges. Many of these are familiar, such as issues of fairness, responsibility and privacy, but are presented in a new and challenging guise due to our limited ability to steer and predict the outputs of AI systems. This chapter first introduces these ethical challenges, stressing that overviews of values are a good starting point but frequently fail to suffice due to the context (...)
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  38.  6
    Formen der Artikulation: philosophische Beiträge zu einem kulturwissenschaftlichen Grundbegriff.Stefan Niklas & Martin Roussel (eds.) - 2013 - München: Wilhelm Fink.
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  39.  4
    O inspiracjach kartezjańskich w filozofii i inne rozprawy.Stefan Sarnowski (ed.) - 2003 - Bydgoszcz: Wydawn. Akademii Bydgoskiej im. Kazimierza Wielkiego.
  40.  3
    Paradoksy i absurdy filozofii.Stefan Sarnowski - 2002 - Bydgoszcz: Wydawn. Akademii Bydgoskiej im. Kazimierza Wielkiego.
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  41.  9
    Anthropologie der Romantik: Körper, Seele und Geist ; anthropologische Gottes-, Welt- und Menschenbilder der wissenschaftlichen Romantik.Stefan Schweizer - 2008 - Paderborn: Schöningh.
    Körper, Seele und Geist. Aus welchen Teilen besteht der Mensch? Mit dieser Fragestellung hat sich die Anthropologie schon seit Jahrhunderten beschäftigt. Vorliegendes Buch arbeitet diese Frage anhand der Epoche der Romantik und des damaligen wissenschaftlichen Diskurses der Anthropologie auf. Zwischen den Anthropologen gab es große Meinungsunterschiede. Die Schule der Dualisten behauptete, dass der Mensch aus einer Seele und einem Körper bestehe. Die genuin christlich inspirierten Trinitarier gingen hingegen von einem Gott analogen Menschenbild mit den Merkmalen Geist, Seele und Körper aus.
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  42. Ereigniskonstruktionen als Literatur (Eichendorff, Musil, Goetz).Stefan Scherer - 2003 - In Thomas Rathmann (ed.), Ereignis: Konzeptionen eines Begriffs in Geschichte, Kunst und Literatur. Köln: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
     
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  43.  11
    Metaphysik, Sprachspiele, Lebensformen: Untersuchungen zu den Grundlagen von Erkenntnis.Stefan Treitz - 2009 - Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
  44.  6
    Seinsgeschichte und Technik bei Martin Heidegger: Begriffsklärung und Problematisierung.Stefan Zenklusen - 2002 - Marburg: Tectum.
    Die Frage nach der Technik ist eine Art der Heideggerschen Frage nach dem Sein, die die Fragen nach dem Menschen in der Moderne und nach der Zivilisation überhaupt impliziert. Im Rahmen der sogenannten "Seinsgeschichte" bildet sie eine Kreuzungsstelle, die von verschiedenen Linien gebildet wird, welche wiederum in ihrer Verschiedenheit zu berücksichtigen sind und nicht einfach textuell hermetisiert werden dürfen. Heidegger besorgt nicht zuletzt mit Hilfe der seinsgeschichtlichen Konstellation des Gestells seine Selbstinterpretation hinsichtlich der Haltung zum Nationalsozialismus. Verweigert wird die falsche (...)
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  45.  13
    Electronic assessment in higher education.Roelien Brink & Geoffrey Lautenbach - 2011 - Educational Studies 37 (5):503-512.
    Assessment is an important cornerstone of education. A world trend in staying abreast of the latest developments in the field of information and communication technology (ICT) has led to an increased demand for electronic assessment in education circles. The critical need and responsibility for higher education to stay on par with the latest techniques regarding assessment subsequently led the University of Johannesburg (UJ) to implement electronic assessment in some departments in 2004. Several challenges led to this exploration into the use (...)
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  46.  3
    Das Interesse der Vernunft: Rückblicke auf das Werk von Jürgen Habermas seit "Erkenntnis und Interesse".Stefan Müller-Doohm (ed.) - 2000 - Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
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  47.  6
    An Assist for Cognitive Diagnostics in Soccer: Two Valid Tasks Measuring Inhibition and Cognitive Flexibility in a Soccer-Specific Setting With a Soccer-Specific Motor Response.Lisa Musculus, Franziska Lautenbach, Simon Knöbel, Martin Leo Reinhard, Peter Weigel, Nils Gatzmaga, Andy Borchert & Maximilian Pelka - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    In professional soccer, players, coaches, and researchers alike recognize the importance of cognitive skills. Research addressing the relevance of cognitive skills has been based on the cognitive component skills approach or the expert performance approach. Our project aimed to combine the strengths of both approaches to develop and validate cognitive tasks measuring inhibition and cognitive flexibility in a soccer-specific setting with a soccer-specific motor response. In the main study 77 elite youth soccer players completed a computerized version of the standard (...)
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  48.  77
    Teaching as a reflective practice: the German Didaktik tradition.Ian Westbury, Stefan Hopmann & Kurt Riquarts (eds.) - 2000 - Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.
    An intro. to Didaktic (the heart of thinking about teaching/teacher educ in Germany) for English-speaking readers, drawing on a range of writings assoc. w/ this tradition. Throws light on assumptions, characteristics, & weaknesses of curriculum thought.
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  49. Learning the Natural Numbers as a Child.Stefan Buijsman - 2017 - Noûs 53 (1):3-22.
    How do we get out knowledge of the natural numbers? Various philosophical accounts exist, but there has been comparatively little attention to psychological data on how the learning process actually takes place. I work through the psychological literature on number acquisition with the aim of characterising the acquisition stages in formal terms. In doing so, I argue that we need a combination of current neologicist accounts and accounts such as that of Parsons. In particular, I argue that we learn the (...)
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  50.  4
    Jürgen Habermas.Stefan Müller-Doohm - 2008 - Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
    Der Autor schildert Lebenslauf und Karriere von Jürgen Habermas sowie die Menschen und Ereignisse, die ihn geprägt haben, und erläutert sachkundig seine Veröffentlichungen.
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