Results for 'Stefan Schaefer'

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  1.  13
    Dynamic Network Participation of Functional Connectivity Hubs Assessed by Resting-State fMRI.Alexander Schaefer, Daniel S. Margulies, Gabriele Lohmann, Krzysztof J. Gorgolewski, Jonathan Smallwood, Stefan J. Kiebel & Arno Villringer - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  2. Solar Geoengineering and Democracy.Joshua Horton, Jesse Reynolds, Holly Jean Buck, Daniel Edward Callies, Stefan Schaefer, David Keith & Steve Rayner - 2018 - Global Environmental Politics 3 (18):5-24.
    Some scientists suggest that it might be possible to reflect a portion of incoming sunlight back into space to reduce climate change and its impacts. Others argue that such solar radiation management (SRM) geoengineering is inherently incompatible with democracy. In this article, we reject this incompatibility argument. First, we counterargue that technologies such as SRM lack innate political characteristics and predetermined social effects, and that democracy need not be deliberative to serve as a standard for governance. We then rebut each (...)
     
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  3.  11
    Psychoanalysis and the Marionette Theater: Interpretation Is Not Depreciation.Margret Schaefer - 1978 - Critical Inquiry 5 (1):177-188.
    At the end of his attack on my use of the psychoanalytic model for the interpretation of literature, Heller raises the question concerning what the task of the literary critic is or ought to be. His own "sketch of the Kleistean theme's historical ancestry and its later development," he says, seeks to deepen and enrich the reader's appreciation of Kleist's literary art, the artistry of his phrasing, the persuasiveness of his incidents, the conclusiveness of his examples." By implication he suggests (...)
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  4.  10
    Illiberal Justice: John Rawls Vs. The American Political Tradition.David L. Schaefer - 2007 - University of Missouri.
    "Schaefer challenges John Rawls's practically sacrosanct status among scholars of political theory, law, and ethics by demonstrating how Rawls's teachings deviate from the core tradition of American constitutional liberalism toward ...
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  5. The Power of Resurrection: Foucault, Discipline, and Early Christian Resistance.Patrick G. Stefan - 2019 - Fortress Academic.
    In this book, Patrick G. Stefan argues that the subversive message of resurrection was instrumental in Christianity’s expansion. Using Foucault’s analysis of how material conditions shape and create individual subjects, Stefan shows how the idea of resurrection undermined Caesar’s control over those living in his domain.
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  6. Autonomy and Enhancement.G. Owen Schaefer, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu - 2014 - Neuroethics 7 (2):123-136.
    Some have objected to human enhancement on the grounds that it violates the autonomy of the enhanced. These objections, however, overlook the interesting possibility that autonomy itself could be enhanced. How, exactly, to enhance autonomy is a difficult problem due to the numerous and diverse accounts of autonomy in the literature. Existing accounts of autonomy enhancement rely on narrow and controversial conceptions of autonomy. However, we identify one feature of autonomy common to many mainstream accounts: reasoning ability. Autonomy can then (...)
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  7. The Right to Withdraw From Research.G. Owen Schaefer & Alan Wertheimer - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (4):329-352.
    The right to withdraw from participation in research is recognized in virtually all national and international guidelines for research on human subjects. It is therefore surprising that there has been little justification for that right in the literature. We argue that the right to withdraw should protect research participants from information imbalance, inability to hedge, inherent uncertainty, and untoward bodily invasion, and it serves to bolster public trust in the research enterprise. Although this argument is not radical, it provides a (...)
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  8.  24
    Contributing to Discourse.Herbert H. Clark & Edward F. Schaefer - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (2):259-294.
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  9.  66
    Managing Relationships with Environmental Stakeholders: A Study of U.K. Water and Electricity Utilities. [REVIEW]Brian Harvey & Anja Schaefer - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):243 - 260.
    In this paper we report a study of the approach of six U.K. water and electricity companies towards managing the relationship with their ''green'' stakeholders. Stakeholders are accorded increasing importance in political discourse and stakeholder theory is emerging as a promising framework for the analysis of corporate social performance.We studied the companies'' general approach towards green stakeholders, their dealings with specific stakeholder groups and whether they emphasised the consultation or the information aspect of stakeholder management. We found that none of (...)
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  10. A Guided Tour of Minimal Indices and Shortest Descriptions.Marcus Schaefer - 1998 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 37 (8):521-548.
    The set of minimal indices of a Gödel numbering $\varphi$ is defined as ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi} = \{e: (\forall i < e)[\varphi_i \neq \varphi_e]\}$ . It has been known since 1972 that ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi} \equiv_{\mathrm{T}} \emptyset^{\prime \prime }$ , but beyond this ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi}$ has remained mostly uninvestigated. This paper collects the scarce results on ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi}$ from the literature and adds some new observations including that ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi}$ is autoreducible, but neither regressive nor (1,2)-computable. We also study several variants of (...)
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  11.  15
    The Madness of Franz Brentano: Religion, Secularisation and the History of Philosophy.Richard Schaefer - 2013 - History of European Ideas 39 (4):541-560.
    In recent decades, scholars have shown a distinct new willingness to concede the important place of religion in the life and thought of the philosopher Franz Brentano. However, these studies are still dominated by the presumption that Brentano's life and thought are best understood according to a model of secularisation as a progressive waning of religion. This essay asks whether such a presumption is the best way of understanding the complex interconnections between various elements of his philosophical and religious ideas. (...)
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  12.  36
    Human Rights.Brian Schaefer - 2005 - Social Theory and Practice 31 (1):27-50.
  13.  28
    Embodied Disbelief: Poststructural Feminist Atheism.Donovan O. Schaefer - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (2):371-387.
    “I quite rightly pass for an atheist,” Jacques Derrida announces in Circumfession. Grace Jantzen's suggestion that the poststructuralist critique of modernity can also be trained on atheism helps us make sense of this playfully cryptic statement: although Derrida sympathizes with the “idea” of atheism, he is wary of the modern brand of atheism, with its insistence on rationally arranging—straightening out—religion. In this paper, I will argue that poststructural feminism, with its focus on embodied epistemology, offers a way to re-explain Derrida's (...)
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  14.  56
    Why Adopt a Maximin Theory of Exploitation?Alan Wertheimer, Joseph Millum & G. Owen Schaefer - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):38-39.
  15. Procedural Versus Substantive Justice: Rawls and Nozick.David Lewis Schaefer - 2007 - Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (1):164-186.
    This paper critically assesses the “procedural” accounts of political justice set forth by John Rawls in A Theory of Justice (1971) and Robert Nozick in Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974). I argue that the areas of agreement between Rawls and Nozick are more significant than their disagreements. Even though Nozick offers trenchant criticisms of Rawls's argument for economic redistribution (the “difference principle”), Nozick's own economic libertarianism is undermined by his “principle of rectification,” which he offers as a possible ground in (...)
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  16.  15
    Face to Face.Sonja Windhager, Dennis E. Slice, Katrin Schaefer, Elisabeth Oberzaucher, Truls Thorstensen & Karl Grammer - 2008 - Human Nature 19 (4):331-346.
    Over evolutionary time, humans have developed a selective sensitivity to features in the human face that convey information on sex, age, emotions, and intentions. This ability might not only be applied to our conspecifics nowadays, but also to other living objects (i.e., animals) and even to artificial structures, such as cars. To investigate this possibility, we asked people to report the characteristics, emotions, personality traits, and attitudes they attribute to car fronts, and we used geometric morphometrics (GM) and multivariate statistical (...)
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  17. Reduction, Representation and Commensurability of Theories.Peter Schroeder-Heister & Frank Schaefer - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (1):130-157.
    Theories in the usual sense, as characterized by a language and a set of theorems in that language ("statement view"), are related to theories in the structuralist sense, in turn characterized by a set of potential models and a subset thereof as models ("non-statement view", J. Sneed, W. Stegmüller). It is shown that reductions of theories in the structuralist sense (that is, functions on structures) give rise to so-called "representations" of theories in the statement sense and vice versa, where representations (...)
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  18.  19
    Fragile and Resilient Trust: Risk and Uncertainty in Negotiated and Reciprocal Exchange.Linda D. Molm, David R. Schaefer & Jessica L. Collett - 2009 - Sociological Theory 27 (1):1 - 32.
    Both experimental and ethnographic studies show that reciprocal exchanges (in which actors unilaterally provide benefits to each other without formal agreements) produce stronger trust than negotiated exchanges secured by binding agreements. We develop the theoretical role of risk and uncertainty as causal mechanisms that potentially explain these results, and then test their effects in two laboratory experiments that vary risk and uncertainty within negotiated and reciprocal forms of exchange. We increase risk in negotiated exchanges by making agreements nonbinding and decrease (...)
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  19.  17
    Psychomorphospace—From Biology to Perception, and Back: Towards an Integrated Quantification of Facial Form Variation.Katrin Schaefer, Philipp Mitteroecker, Bernhard Fink & Fred L. Bookstein - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (1):98-106.
    Several disciplines share an interest in the evolutionary selection pressures that shaped human physical functioning and appearance, psyche, and behavior. The methodologies invoked from the disciplines studying these domains are often based on different rhetorics, and hence may conflict. Progress in one field is thereby hampered from effective transfer to others. Topics at the intersection of anthropometry and psychometry, such as the impact of sexual selection on the hominin face, are a typical example. Since the underlying theory explicitly places facial (...)
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  20.  26
    Trade Associations and Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence From the UK Water and Film Industries.Anja Schaefer & Finola Kerrigan - 2008 - Business Ethics 17 (2):171–195.
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  21.  24
    Aggregation of polyQ‐Extended Proteins is Promoted by Interaction with Their Natural Coiled‐Coil Partners.Spyros Petrakis, Martin H. Schaefer, Erich E. Wanker & Miguel A. Andrade-Navarro - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (6):503-507.
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  22.  7
    Dnmt2 Methyltransferases and Immunity: An Ancient Overlooked Connection Between Nucleotide Modification and Host Defense?Zeljko Durdevic & Matthias Schaefer - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (12):1044-1049.
  23.  68
    A Response to Ervin Laszlo: Quantum and Consciousness.Lothar Schaefer - 2006 - Zygon 41 (3):573-582.
  24.  30
    Reevaluating the Right to Withdraw From Research Without Penalty.G. Owen Schaefer & Alan Wertheimer - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):14-16.
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  25.  48
    Professionalism: Foundation for Business Ethics. [REVIEW]Thomas E. Schaefer - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (4):269 - 277.
    Professionalism includes the essential contents of other key notions within the field of business ethics. As a term involving the notion of vocation it may be understood as containing a religious content, since vocation refers to a man's most intimate personal decisions, destiny and providence. Professionalism also connotes respect for law and so includes a reference to commercial law as a guide to right conduct. Professionalsim thus lifts the requirements of law to the level of personal commitment.Like an honest act, (...)
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  26.  16
    Bounded Immunity and Btt‐Reductions.Stephen Fenner & Marcus Schaefer - 1999 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 45 (1):3-21.
    We define and study a new notion called k-immunity that lies between immunity and hyperimmunity in strength. Our interest in k-immunity is justified by the result that θ does not k-tt reduce to a k-immune set, which improves a previous result by Kobzev [7]. We apply the result to show that Φ′ does not btt-reduce to MIN, the set of minimal programs. Other applications include the set of Kolmogorov random strings, and retraceable and regressive sets. We also give a new (...)
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  27.  30
    Justice or Tyranny?: A Critique of John Rawls's a Theory of Justice.David Lewis Schaefer - 1979 - Kennikat Press.
  28.  30
    Hr's View of Ethics in the Work Place: Are the Barbarians at the Gate? [REVIEW]John Danley, Edward Harrick, Diane Schaefer, Donald Strickland & George Sullivan - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (3):273 - 285.
    Based on responses from 1078 human resource (HR) professionals, this study concludes that there is not an ethical crisis in the work place. Seven of 37 situations were rated as serious problems by more than 25% of the respondents. HR reported that their organizations are serious about uncovering and disciplining ethical misconduct, top management has a commitment to ethical business conduct, personal principles are not compromised to conform to company expectations, and performance pressures do not lead to unethical conduct.
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  29.  42
    The Importance of Rationality.G. Owen Schaefer - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (1):3.
    Michael Hauskeller (“Reflections from a Troubled Stream: Giubliani and Minerva on ‘After-Birth Abortion’) has recently suggested that we should resist rationalist tendencies in moral discourse: “[I]s not all morality ultimately irrational? Even the most strongly held moral convictions can be shown to lack a rational basis.” (Hauskeller 2012, p. 18) Hauskeller was responding to Alberto Giubliani and Francesca Minverva’s (2012) recent defense of the permissibility of killing infants, but his anti-rationality arguments have wide-reaching implications. Yet pace Hauskeller, rationality is indeed (...)
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  30.  19
    A Critique of Rawls' Contract Doctrine.David Lewis Schaefer - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 28 (1):89 - 115.
    JOHN RAWLS IN A Theory of Justice attempts to deduce "the principles of justice" from the idea of a "contract" among free and equal persons. The factor which obviously distinguishes Rawls’ contract doctrine from the teachings of the great social contract philosophers who preceded him is that it does not rest on any examination of what the character of an actual nonpolitical condition or "state of nature" among men would be. Rawls’ procedure is in fact the opposite of that followed (...)
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  31. Preface.Thomas Kenner & Jochen Schaefer - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
  32.  69
    From the Dialogic to the Contemplative: A Conceptual and Empirical Rethinking of Online Communication Outcomes as Verbing Micro-Practices. [REVIEW]David J. Schaefer & Brenda Dervin - 2009 - Ethics and Information Technology 11 (4):265-278.
    Traditional approaches to studying communication in public spheres draw upon a product or outcome orientation that has prevented researchers from theorizing more specifically about how communication behaviors either inhibit or facilitate dialogic processes. Additionally, researchers typically emphasize consensus as a preferred outcome. Drawing upon a methodology explicitly developed to study communicating using a verb-oriented framework, we analyzed 1,360 postings from online pedagogical discussions. Our analysis focused on verbing micro-practices, the dynamic communicative actions through which participants make and unmake public spheres. (...)
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  33.  57
    Sacramental Commons: Christian Ecological Ethics. By John Hart.Jame Schaefer - 2008 - Zygon 43 (4):993-996.
  34. Individual Differences in Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Activity Are Associated with Evaluation Speed and Psychological Well-Being.Corrina J. Frye, Hillary S. Schaefer & Andrew L. Alexander - unknown
    & Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined whether individual differences in amygdala activation in response to negative relative to neutral information are related to differences in the speed with which such information is evaluated, the extent to which such differences are associated with medial prefrontal cortex function, and their relationship with measures of trait anxiety and psychological well-being (PWB). Results indicated that faster judgments of negative relative to neutral information were associated with increased left and right amygdala activation. In (...)
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  35.  32
    Introduction.Arthur Gross Schaefer - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (2):1-3.
    This introduction a) presents organized religion as a source of "spiritual goods" and briefly summarizes each of the seventeen tradition-centeredarticles; b) explains why organized religion merits the attention of business ethics; c) categorizes the articles according to rubrics useful for teaching and research; d) further explains the value of these essays to academic researchers, business practitioners, and spiritual seekers.
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  36.  26
    The Invention of Gunpowder.Scott Schaefer - 1981 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 44:209-211.
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  37.  29
    Early Modern Skepticism and the Origins of Toleration (Review).David Lewis Schaefer - 2000 - Philosophy and Literature 24 (1):227-230.
    Through a glass darkly / Joshua Mitchell -- Skepticism, self, and toleration in Montaigne's political thought / Alan Levine -- French free-thinkers in the first decades of the Edict of Nantes / Maryanne Cline Horowitz -- Descartes and the question of toleration / Michael Gillepsie -- Toleration and the skepticism of religion in Spinoza's Tractatus Theologico-Politicus / Steven B. Smith -- Monopolizing faith / Alan Houston -- Skepticism and toleration in Hobbes' political thought / Shirley Letwin -- John Locke and (...)
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  38. : Gaze Fixation and the Neural Circuitry of Face Processing.Hillary S. Schaefer & Andrew L. Alexander R. Richard J. Davidson - unknown
    ai Diminished gaze fixation is one of the core features of autism and has been proposed to be associated with abnormalities in the neural circuitry of affect. We tested this hypothesis in two separate studies using eye tracking while measuring functional brain activity during facial discrimination tasks in individuals with autism and in typically developing individuals. Activation in the fusiform gyrus and amygdala was strongly and positively correlated with the time spent fixating the eyes in the autistic group in both (...)
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  39.  44
    Christian Ethics and the Ethics of Contemporary Man.Reverend Florea Ştefan - 2008 - HEC Forum 20 (1):61-73.
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  40.  45
    The Craftsman in an Industrial Society.Herwin Schaefer - 1971 - British Journal of Aesthetics 11 (4):323-326.
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  41.  42
    Review of James Cameron's Avatar. [REVIEW]G. Owen Schaefer - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):68-69.
  42.  36
    Infallibility and Intentionality: Franz Brentano's Diagnosis of German Catholicism.Richard Schaefer - 2007 - Journal of the History of Ideas 68 (3):477-499.
  43.  41
    The Case Against Coronary Artery Surgery.Jochen Schaefer - 1980 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (2):155-176.
    Coronary by-pass surgery has been performed in hundreds of thousands of patients in the last 15 years with a high standard of technical and surgical perfection. The indications for this kind of surgery, however, are still controversial because in spite of many retrospective and several prospective studies it cannot be proven convincingly that in a given patient this surgical procedure will prolong life or prevent myocardial infarction. The present attempt to analyze the causes for this controversy shows that the main (...)
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  44. Medicus Technologicus.Ulrich Kliegis, Alexis C. M. Renirie & Jochen Schaefer - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
    The development of modern programmable pacemaker-systems has led to a series of questions which until now have apparently not existed in the treatment of cardiac rhythm disturbances. These questions touch especially on the problem of whether the relation which usually exists between a diagnostic step and its therapeutic consequence, namely its therapeutic relevance, is abolished or at least changed.
     
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  45.  34
    A Note on the Iconography of a Medal of Lavinia Fontana.Jean Owens Schaefer - 1984 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 47:232-234.
  46.  23
    Was Socrates a Corruptor?David Lewis Schaefer - 1992 - Social Philosophy Today 7:351-362.
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  47.  20
    Republics Ancient and Modern (Review).David Lewis Schaefer - 1994 - Philosophy and Literature 18 (1):197-198.
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  48.  24
    Neural Correlates of “Hot” and “Cold” Emotional Processing: A Multilevel Approach to the Functional Anatomy of Emotion.Alexandre Schaefer - unknown
    The neural correlates of two hypothesized emotional processing modes, i.e., schematic and propositional modes, were investigated with positron emission tomography. Nineteen subjects performed an emotional mental imagery task while mentally repeating sentences linked to the meaning of the imagery script. In the schematic conditions, participants repeated metaphoric sentences, whereas in the propositional conditions, the sentences were explicit questions about specific emotional appraisals of the imagery scenario. Five types of emotional scripts were proposed to the subjects (happiness, anger, affection, sadness, and (...)
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  49.  15
    Introduction.Arthur Gross Schaefer - 2001 - Spiritual Goods 2001:1-15.
    This introduction a) presents organized religion as a source of "spiritual goods" and briefly summarizes each of the seventeen tradition-centeredarticles; b) explains why organized religion merits the attention of business ethics; c) categorizes the articles according to rubrics useful for teaching and research; d) further explains the value of these essays to academic researchers, business practitioners, and spiritual seekers.
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  50.  20
    Perennial Wisdom and the Sayings of Mencius.Thomas E. Schaefer - 1963 - International Philosophical Quarterly 3 (3):428-444.
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