Results for 'Steffie Van der Steen'

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  1.  35
    Asymmetric Dynamic Attunement of Speech and Gestures in the Construction of Children’s Understanding.Lisette De Jonge-Hoekstra, Steffie Van der Steen, Paul Van Geert & Ralf F. A. Cox - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  2.  18
    Easier Said Than Done? Task Difficulty's Influence on Temporal Alignment, Semantic Similarity, and Complexity Matching Between Gestures and Speech.Lisette De Jonge-Hoekstra, Ralf F. A. Cox, Steffie Van der Steen & James A. Dixon - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (6):e12989.
    Gestures and speech are clearly synchronized in many ways. However, previous studies have shown that the semantic similarity between gestures and speech breaks down as people approach transitions in understanding. Explanations for these gesture–speech mismatches, which focus on gestures and speech expressing different cognitive strategies, have been criticized for disregarding gestures’ and speech's integration and synchronization. In the current study, we applied three different perspectives to investigate gesture–speech synchronization in an easy and a difficult task: temporal alignment, semantic similarity, and (...)
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  3.  38
    Towards disciplinary disintegration in biology.Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):259-275.
  4.  15
    Mere generality is not enough.Wim J. Van Der Steen & Peter B. Sloep - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):217-219.
  5.  2
    Dissolving the elusiveness of altruism.Wim J. van der Steen - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):277-278.
    Rachlin provides an impressive integrative view of altruism and selfishness that helps us correct older views. He presents a highly general theory, even though he is aware of context-dependence of key notions, including altruism. The context-dependence should extend much farther than Rachlin allows it to go. We had better replace theoretical notions of altruism and selfishness by common sense.
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  6.  1
    Evolution and altruism.Wim J. van der Steen - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (1):11-29.
  7.  23
    Niche construction: A pervasive force in evolution?Wim J. van der Steen - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):162-163.
    Industrial melanism, according to the traditional explanation, amounts to niche construction since it involves changes in predation pressure. Indeed, it would be difficult to imagine selection without niche construction. This cannot be what Laland, Odling-Smee & Feldman mean. They offer convincing examples, but they should provide a better definition of “niche construction” to indicate how their view supplements traditional evolutionary biology.
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  8.  8
    The Demise of Monism and Pluralism in Environmental Ethics.Wim J. van der Steen - 1995 - Environmental Ethics 17 (2):209-220.
    Peter Wenz has recently distinguished various forms of moral pluralism in an effort to dissolve the controversy over monism and pluralism. I argue that the distinctions are not really helpful once the methodology and the substance of science are brought to bear on ethics. Theories in ethics and science alike are subject to context-dependent methodological trade-offs. Hence, the category of theories should be heterogeneous. Monism and pluralism are at cross-purposes since they endorse different unanalyzed notions of theory. Awareness of heterogeneity (...)
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  9.  9
    Screening-Off and Natural Selection.Wim J. van der Steen - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (1):115-121.
    Sober and Brandon et al. disagree about the role of screening-off in the appraisal of theories of natural selection. Some problems disregarded by them are unearthed in this discussion note.
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  10.  6
    Additional Notes on Integration.Wim J. van der Steen - 1993 - Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):349.
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  11.  7
    Discussion: Screening-off and natural selection.Wim J. van der Steen - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (1):115-121.
    Sober and Brandon et al. disagree about the role of screening-off in the appraisal of theories of natural selection. Some problems disregarded by them are unearthed in this discussion note.
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  12.  9
    The Demise of Monism and Pluralism in Environmental Ethics.Wim J. van der Steen - 1995 - Environmental Ethics 17 (2):209-220.
    Peter Wenz has recently distinguished various forms of moral pluralism in an effort to dissolve the controversy over monism and pluralism. I argue that the distinctions are not really helpful once the methodology and the substance of science are brought to bear on ethics. Theories in ethics and science alike are subject to context-dependent methodological trade-offs. Hence, the category of theories should be heterogeneous. Monism and pluralism are at cross-purposes since they endorse different unanalyzed notions of theory. Awareness of heterogeneity (...)
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  13.  6
    Decisions to treat or not to treat pneumonia in demented psychogeriatric nursing home patients: development of a guideline.J. T. van der Steen - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (2):114-120.
    Non-treatment decisions concerning demented patients are complex: in addition to issues concerning the health of patients, ethical and legal issues are involved. This paper describes a method for the development of a guideline that clarifies the steps to be taken in the decision making process whether to forgo curative treatment of pneumonia in psychogeriatric nursing home patients.The method of development consisted of seven steps. Step 1 was a literature study from which ethical, juridical and medical factors concerning the patient's health (...)
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  14.  15
    Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of a family booklet on comfort care in dementia: sensitive topics revised before implementation.Jenny T. van der Steen, Cees M. P. M. Hertogh, Tjomme de Graas, Miharu Nakanishi, Franco Toscani & Marcel Arcand - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (2):104-109.
    Introduction Families of patients with dementia may need support in difficult end-of-life decision making. Such guidance may be culturally sensitive. Methods To support families in Canada, a booklet was developed to aid decision making on palliative care issues. For reasons of cost effectiveness and promising effects, we prepared for its implementation in Italy, the Netherlands and Japan. Local teams translated and adapted the booklet to local ethical, legal and medical standards where needed, retaining guidance on palliative care. Using qualitative content (...)
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  15.  7
    Assessing overmedication: Biology, philosophy and common sense.Wim J. van der Steen - 2003 - Acta Biotheoretica 51 (3):151-171.
    Overmedication is nowadays a serious problem in health care due to influences from the pharmaceutical industry and agencies responsible for regulation. The situation has indeed become appalling in psychiatry, where both theories and treatments have deteriorated under the impact of the industry. The overmedication problem is associated with biased biology in medicine. Adequate biological approaches would indicate that drug therapies must yield to diet therapies, particularly treatments involving omega-3 fatty acids, in many cases. To the extent that philosophy of science (...)
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  16.  13
    Some comments on “reduction”.W. J. Van Der Steen - 1975 - Acta Biotheoretica 24 (3-4):163-167.
    Something is wrong with current discussions about theory reduction. The question of whether higher level theories are reducible to lower level theories cannot be posed in a sensible way if methodological principles that are needed to evaluate scientific theories are disregarded. If this is recognized, the problem looses much of its alleged importance.
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  17.  6
    Letter to the editor.Wim J. Van Der Steen & R. M. - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):367-367.
  18.  3
    Natural selection as natural history.Wim J. van der Steen - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):41-44.
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  19.  10
    Bias in behaviour genetics: An ecological perspective.Wim J. van der Steen - 1998 - Acta Biotheoretica 46 (4):369-377.
    Research in behaviour genetics uncovers causes of behaviour at the population level. For inferences about individuals we also need to know how genes and the environment affect phenotypes. Behaviour genetics fosters a biased view of individual behaviour since it identifies the environment with psychosocial factors and disregards ecology.
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  20.  6
    Diets and circadian rhythms: Challenges from biology for medicine.Wim J. van der Steen & Vincent K. Y. Ho - 2006 - Acta Biotheoretica 54 (4):267-275.
    Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and gastrointestinal disorders such as stomach ulcers are often treated with drugs. NSAIDs, a common treatment in rheumatoid arthritis, may cause stomach ulcers which call for additional medications, notably antacids in the sense of drugs that suppress acid secretion by the stomach. Infection with Helicobacter pylori also plays a role in the ulcers. The infection is typically treated with antibiotics added to antacids. Considering NSAIDs and antacids, we suspect that overmedication is common to the (...)
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  21.  1
    Drugs versus diets: Disillusions with dutch health care.Wim J. van der Steen & Vincent K. Y. Ho - 2001 - Acta Biotheoretica 49 (2):125-140.
    Biology incorporated into other disciplines is often distorted, alarmingly so in some areas of medicine. Together with other forms of bias, this may have detrimental effects for patients depending on medical research for their health. A case study concerning omeprazole (Losec), one of the acid-suppressive drugs against gastric ulcers, and NSAIDs, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, confirms that distorted biology together with biased health care policies foster disasters in current biomedicine and medical practice. In our country, The Netherlands, omeprazole is presumably the (...)
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  22.  8
    Hempel's view on functional explanation some critical comments.W. J. Van Der Steen - 1971 - Acta Biotheoretica 20 (3-4):171-178.
    Functional explanations are regarded as a special type of explanation by many biologists. Philosophers of science tend to agree that they are weak forms of the common modes of explanation, although the elucidation of the logical structure involved is difficult. The present paper shows that Hempel's reconstruction of functional explanations is inadequate on pragmatic grounds. Thus his conclusion that such explanations are necessarily weak is also objectionable. There is no reason for allotting functional explanations a special logical status.
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  23.  3
    Methodological problems in evolutionary biology. X. natural selection without selective agents.Wim J. van der Steen - 1998 - Acta Biotheoretica 46 (2):99-107.
    On a common view of evolution, natural selection is the major force that produces evolutionary change. Selection is thought to operate on different types (genotypes or phenotypes) in populations so as to generate differential reproductive survival of these types. This should engender changes in population composition. The conception of selection as a "force" should be considered as a convenient shorthand that easily misleads us. Selection is not a factor over and above items such as temperature regimes, predators, and so forth. (...)
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  24.  5
    Methodological problems in evolutionary biology. XII. against evolutionary ethics.Wim J. van der Steen - 1999 - Acta Biotheoretica 47 (1):41-57.
    Evolutionary ethics has recently become popular again. Some of its representatives elaborate new attempts to derive ethics from evolutionary biology. The attempts, like previous ones, fail because they commit the naturalistic fallacy. Premises from evolutionary biology together with normative premises also do not justify ethical principles. Other representatives argue that evolutionary considerations imply that ethics cannot be justified at all. Their arguments presuppose an unacceptable form of foundationalism. In principle, evolutionary biology might explain some aspects of morality, but in practice (...)
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  25.  3
    Methodological problems in evolutionary biology. XIII. Evolution and knowledge.Wim J. van der Steen - 2000 - Acta Biotheoretica 48 (1):73-84.
    Evolutionary epistemologists aim to explain the evolution of cognitive capacities underlying human knowledge and also the processes that generate knowledge, for example in science. There can be no doubt that our cognitive capacities are due in part to our evolutionary heritage. But this is an uninformative thesis. All features of organism have indeed been shaped by evolution. A substantive evolutionary explanation of cognition would have to provide details about the evolutionary processes involved. Evolutionary epistemology has not provided any details. Considering (...)
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  26.  3
    Periodic oviposition in the Freshwater snail lymnaea stagnalis: A new type of endogenous rhythm.W. J. Van Der Steen - 1970 - Acta Biotheoretica 19 (2):87-93.
    The overt oviposition rhythm ofLymnaea stagnalis should be regarded as an endogenous one. Despite considerable deviations of its period from 24 hrs, entrainment by 24 hr. external periodicities is possible. Possibly, entrainment is effectuated via a second — covert — internal rhythm. The fact that similar rhythms have not been established before, is probably connected with the nature of the phenomena to which previous studies have generally been limited.
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  27.  12
    Screening-off and natural selection.J. Van Der Steen Wim - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (1):115-121.
    Sober and Brandon et al. disagree about the role of screening-off in the appraisal of theories of natural selection. Some problems disregarded by them are unearthed in this discussion note.
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  28.  6
    The relation of biology to physics and chemistry — an evaluation of some recent issues in the philosophy of science.W. J. Van Der Steen - 1970 - Acta Biotheoretica 19 (3-4):186-211.
  29.  17
    Interdisciplinary integration in biology? An overview.Wim J. van der Steen - 1990 - Acta Biotheoretica 38 (1):23-36.
    Philosophical theories about reduction and integration in science are at variance with what is happenign in science. A realistic approach to science show that possibilities for reduction and integration are limited. The classical ideal of a unified science has since long been rejected in philosophy. But the current emphasis on interdisciplinary integration in philosophy and in science shows that it survives in a different guise. It is necessary to redress the balance, specifically in biology. Methodological analysis shows that many of (...)
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  30.  16
    The nature of evolutionary theory: The semantic challenge.Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. van der Steen - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):1-15.
  31.  8
    Reasoning in Ethics and Law: The Role of Theory, Principles and Facts.A. W. Musschenga & Wim J. Van der Steen - 1999 - Routledge.
    Legal and moral reasoning share much methodology, and they address similar problems. This volume charts two shared problems: the relation between theory, principles and particular judgments; and the role of facts and factual assertions in normative settings. The relation between 'theory' and 'practice' and between 'principle' and 'particular judgment' has become the subject of much debate in moral philosophy. In the ongoing debate, some moral philosophers refer to legal philosophy for a support of their views on the primacy of 'practice' (...)
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  32.  16
    Methodological problems in evolutionary biology IV. Stress and stress tolerance, an excercise in definitions.Wim J. Van der Steen & Martin Scholten - 1985 - Acta Biotheoretica 34 (1):81-90.
    Grime in a recently developed theory distinguished three basic plant strategies: stress tolerance,ruderality and competition. He relates them to environments characterized in terms of stress and disturbance. Classifications of strategies and environments both are ultimately defined in terms of production. This tends to make the theory tautological. If the theory is to make sense, environments had better be defined in independent terms.
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  33.  16
    Methodological problems in evolutionary biology II. Appraisal of arguments against adaptationism.Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1983 - Acta Biotheoretica 32 (3):217-222.
    Methodological analysis shows that the concepts of fitness and adaptation are more complex than the literature suggests. Various arguments against ‘adaptationism’ are inadequate since they are couched in terms of unduly simplistic notions.
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  34. Laws and Natural History in Biology.Wim J. Van Der Steen & Harmke Kamminga - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4):445-467.
  35.  17
    Methodological problems in evolutionary biology I. Testability and tautologies.Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1983 - Acta Biotheoretica 32 (3):207-215.
    The impact of philosophy of science on biology is slight. Evolutionary biology, however, is nowadays an exception. The status of the neo-Darwinian theory of evolution is seriously challenged from a methodological perspective. However, the methodology used in the relevant discussions is plainly defective. A correct application of methodology to evolutionary theory leads to the following conclusions. The theory of natural selection is unfalsifiable in a strict sense of the term. This, however, does not militate against the theory, because no scientific (...)
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  36.  9
    Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis.Wim J. Van der Steen - 2000 - Praeger.
    Wim van der Steen charts conceptual foundations of evolutionary biology and, on the basis of this, he evaluates applications of evolutionary theory outside biology. Philosophical analysis shows that key notions of the theory such as fitness, adaptation, selection, and optimality are empty place-holder concepts that call for context-dependent specifications of meaning. For example, as he points out, the notion of optimality is empty without a specification of constraints. Hence, the controversial thesis that animals perform optimal behaviors as a result (...)
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  37.  24
    Methodological problems in evolutionary biology VII. The species plague.Wim J. van der Steen & Bart Voorzanger - 1986 - Acta Biotheoretica 35 (3):205-221.
    Various philosophers and evolutionary biologists have recently defended the thesis that species are individuals rather than sets. A decade of debates, however, did not suffice to settle the matter. Conceptual analysis shows that many of the key terms involved are ambiguous. Current disagreements should dissolve once this is recognized. Explication of the concepts involved leads to new programs for philosophical research. It could also help biology by showing how extant controversies concerning evolution may have conceptual rather than factual roots.
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  38. Biological thinking in evolutionary psychology: Rockbottom or quicksand?Huib de JongLooren & Wim J. van der Steen - 1998 - Philosophical Psychology 11 (2):183-205.
     
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  39.  12
    Methodological problems in evolutionary biology VI. The force of evolutionary epistemology.Wim J. van der Steen - 1986 - Acta Biotheoretica 35 (3):193-204.
    Evolutionary epistemology takes various forms. As a philosophical discipline, it may use analogies by borrowing concepts from evolutionary biology to establish new foundations. This is not a very successful enterprise because the analogies involved are so weak that they hardly have explanatory force. It may also veil itself with the garbs of biology. Proponents of this strategy have only produced irrelevant theories by transforming epistemology's concepts beyond recognition. Sensible theories about “knowledge and biology” should presuppose that various long-standing problems concerning (...)
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  40.  15
    Methodological problems in evolutionary biology V. The import of supervenience.Wim J. van der Steen - 1986 - Acta Biotheoretica 35 (3):185-191.
    Rosenberg has rightly argued that fitness is supervenient. But he has wrongly assumed that this makes “The fittest survive” nontautologous. Supervenience makes strict reduction impossible. It sheds light on disputes concerning the testability of evolutionary theory.
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  41.  5
    Methodological problems in evolutionary biology. XI. optimal foraging theory revisited.Wim J. van der Steen - 1998 - Acta Biotheoretica 46 (4):321-336.
    Optimality theory, particularly optimal foraging theory (OFT), has spurned controversy over decades. I argue that the controversy results from conceptual pitfalls. The focus in this article is on pitfalls underlying the concept of constraint. Constraints in OFT models are a means to distinguish between possible and impossible behaviours. I argue that the seemingly innocuous notion of (im)possibility is tricky. It is indeed linked here with troublesome philosophical problems concerning free will. To steer away from such problems in OFT, we need (...)
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  42.  30
    Methodological problems in evolutionary biology III. Selection and levels of organization.Wim J. Van Der Steen & Bart Voorzanger - 1984 - Acta Biotheoretica 33 (3):199-213.
    Apparently factual disagreement on the level at which selection operates often results from different interpretations of the term “selection”. Attempts to resolve terminological problems must come to grips with a dilemma: a narrow interpretation of “selection” may lead to a restricted view on evolution; a broader, less precise, definition may wrongly suggest that “selection” is the centre of a unified, integrated theory of evolution. Different concepts of selection, therefore, should carefully be kept apart.
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  43.  2
    Science, Religion, and Experience.Wim J. van der Steen - 2000 - International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (3):339-349.
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  44.  11
    Science, Religion, and Experience.Wim J. Van Der Steen - 2000 - International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (3):339-349.
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  45.  7
    The WISE Feature.Margit van der Steen & Renee C. Hoogland - 1999 - European Journal of Women's Studies 6 (1):111-112.
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  46.  2
    Egoism and altruism in ethics: Dispensing with spurious generality. [REVIEW]Wim J. Van Der Steen - 1995 - Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (1):31-44.
    Is human behavior exclusively motivated by self-interest? Common sense indicates that we should flatly deny this, or so it seems to me. Yet the doctrine of universal self-interest, psychological egoism for short, has gained the support of many researchers in science. Common sense also seems to allow the rejection of ethical egoism, the doctrine that human behavior should be motivated exclusively by self-interest. It appears to be at variance with widely endorsed moralities. Yet it is a perennial subject of research (...)
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  47.  9
    Biological thinking in evolutionary psychology: Rockbottom or quicksand?H. Looren De Jong & W. J. Van Der Steen - 1998 - Philosophical Psychology 11 (2):183 – 205.
    Evolutionary psychology is put forward by its defenders as an extension of evolutionary biology, bringing psychology within the integrated causal chain of the hard sciences. It is extolled as a new paradigm for integrating psychology with the rest of science. We argue that such claims misrepresent the methods and explanations of evolutionary biology, and present a distorted view of the consequences that might be drawn from evolutionary biology for views of human nature. General theses about adaptation in biology are empty (...)
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  48.  14
    A Practical Philosophy for the Life Sciences.Wim J. Van der Steen - 1993 - State University of New York Press.
    Offers a practical philosophy of the life sciences, showing how scientific reasoning can, in limited contexts, be translated into the language of philosophy, and how science can correct the philosophy of science.
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  49.  41
    Both Random and Guided.R. Woudenberg & J. Rothuizen‐van der Steen - 2014 - Ratio 28 (3):332-348.
    This paper argues, first, that biological evolution can be both random and divinely guided at the same time. Next it discusses the idea that the claim that evolution is unguided is not part of the science of evolution, and defends it against a number of objections.
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  50. Mogelijkheden en onmogelijkheden van de evolutiebiologie.Wj van der Steen - 2000 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 92 (1):3-18.
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