Results for 'Stepan Wood'

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  1.  22
    The Case for Leverage-Based Corporate Human Rights Responsibility.Stepan Wood - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (1):63-98.
    Should companies’ human rights responsibilities arise, in part, from their “leverage”—their ability to influence others’ actions through their relationships? Special Representative John Ruggie rejected this proposition in the United Nations Framework for business and human rights. I argue that leverage is a source of responsibility where there is a morally significant connection between the company and a rights-holder or rights-violator, the company is able to make a contribution to ameliorating the situation, it can do so at modest cost, and the (...)
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  2.  78
    Is It Rational to Maximize?: James Wood Bailey.James Wood Bailey - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):195-221.
    Most versions of utilitarianism depend on the plausibility and coherence of some conceptionof maximizing well-being, but these conceptions have been attacked on various grounds. This paper considers two such contentions. First, it addresses the argument that because goods are plural and incommensurable, maximization is incoherent. It is shown that any conception of incommensurability strong enough to show the incoherence of maximization leads to an intolerable paradox. Several misunderstandings of what maximization requires are also addressed. Second, this paper responds to the (...)
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  3.  58
    Exploitation*: ALLEN W. WOOD.Allen W. Wood - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):136-158.
    It is commonly thought that exploitation is unjust; some think it is part of the very meaning of the word ‘exploitation’ that it is unjust. Those who think this will suppose that the just society has to be one in which people do not exploit one another, at least on a large scale. I will argue that exploitation is not unjust by definition, and that a society might be fundamentally just while nevertheless being pervasively exploitative. I do think that exploitation (...)
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  4.  3
    Principles of Emergent Realism: Philosophical Essays of Roy Wood Sellars.Roy Wood Sellars - 1970 - St. Louis, Mo., W. H. Green.
  5.  23
    I–Allen W. Wood.Allen W. Wood - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):189-210.
  6. Creating the Kingdom of Ends.Allen W. Wood - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (4):607.
    This book follows hard upon Korsgaard's The Sources of Normativity. Both present the author's influential version of a Kantian theory of normative ethics and metaethics. Whereas The Sources of Normativity was a systematic investigation of "normativity" written as a single unit, the present volume is a collection of previously published papers, some of them already well known and much discussed, dating between 1983 and 1993. By the nature of the case, one might expect less thematic unity in this book than (...)
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  7.  6
    Social Desirability in Environmental Psychology Research: Three Meta-Analyses.Stepan Vesely & Christian A. Klöckner - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  8.  12
    Boundaries of Toleration.Alfred Stepan & Charles Taylor (eds.) - 2014 - Columbia University Press.
    In this volume, contributors suggest we also think beyond toleration to mutual respect, practiced before the creation of modern multiculturalism in the West.
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  9.  39
    Race and Gender: The Role of Analogy in Science.Nancy Leys Stepan - 1986 - Isis 77 (2):261-277.
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  10. Енциклопедичні проекти уан - вуан. "Біографічний словник діячів україни".Stepan Borchuk - 2015 - Схід 1 (133):65-69.
    У статті висвітлені процеси й події, які привели до створення "Біографічного словника діячів України". Охарактеризовано історичні умови, у яких відновила діяльність Академія наук України. Подано детальний аналіз матеріалу, який входив до видання. Висвітлено авторський колектив видання, а також описано умови, при яких змінювалися керівники та автори "біографічного видання". Розкрито об'єктивні й суб'єктивні умови припинення роботи над виданням. Виявлені основні наслідки цього "словника" для енциклопедичної науки загалом.
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  11.  11
    Picturing Tropical Nature.Nancy Stepan - 2000 - Cornell University Press.
    From the earliest photographic attempts to represent tropical hybrid races to depictions of disease in new tropical medicines, Picturing Tropical Nature offers ...
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  12.  5
    The Politics of Care.Deva Woodly, Rachel H. Brown, Mara Marin, Shatema Threadcraft, Christopher Paul Harris, Jasmine Syedullah & Miriam Ticktin - 2021 - Contemporary Political Theory 20 (4):890-925.
    Editors Rachel Brown and Deva Woodly bring together Mara Marin, Shatema Threadcraft, Christopher Paul Harris, Jasmine Syedullah, and Miriam Ticktin to examine the question: what would be required for care to be an ethic and political practice that orients people to a new way of living, relating, and governing? The answer they propose is that a 21st-century approach to the politics of care must aim at unmaking racial capitalism, cisheteropatriarchy, the carceral state, and the colonial present. The politics of care (...)
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  13.  58
    Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology.R. Roberts & W. Wood - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):181-182.
    Since the publication of Edmund Gettier's challenge to the traditional epistemological doctrine of knowledge as justified true belief, Roberts and Wood claim that epistemologists lapsed into despondency and are currently open to novel approaches. One such approach is virtue epistemology, which can be divided into virtues as proper functions or epistemic character traits. The authors propose a notion of regulative epistemology, as opposed to a strict analytic epistemology, based on intellectual virtues that function not as rules or even as (...)
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  14.  9
    Kant or Not Kant? Arguing on Kant’s Ultimate Political Design for Global Governance and Cosmopolitanism. An Exchange Between Claudio Corradetti and Allen Wood.Claudio Corradetti & Allen Wood - 2021 - Con-Textos Kantianos 1 (13):7-28.
    In the following reflection Claudio Corradetti and Allen Wood engage in a controversy concerning the possibilities and the limits of textual interpretation. Should an interpreter still be authorized to call an author’s interpretation the logical stretch of text beyond its black printed letters? The authors offer two different standpoints on what can still be defined as textual interpretation. Whereas for Allen Wood a clear-cut separation must be kept between what a text shows and what an interpreter argues starting (...)
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  15. Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology.Robert C. Roberts & W. Jay Wood - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    From the ferment of recent debates about the intellectual virtues, Roberts and Wood develop an approach they call 'regulative epistemology', exploring the connection between knowledge and intellectual virtue. In the course of their argument they analyse particular virtues of intellectual life - such as courage, generosity, and humility - in detail.
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  16. Outline of the Vedanta System of Philosophy According to Shankara, Tr. By J.H. Woods and C.B. Runkle.Paul Deussen & James Haughton Woods - 1915
     
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  17.  59
    Idealism and Freedom: Essays on Kant’s Theoretical and Practical Philosophy.Allen W. Wood - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (4):601.
    In his reading of Kant’s moral philosophy and its grounding in freedom of the will, Allison is best know for giving an exclusively “practical” reading to doctrines about noumenal agency, so that they are taken to have none of the outlandish metaphysical implications often thought to be associated with the Kantian conception of freedom. The central feature of Allison’s interpretation is that Kant operates with a theory of agency in which, from the agent’s standpoint, reasons do not act as causes, (...)
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  18.  81
    Lightening Up on the Ad Hominem.John Woods - 2007 - Informal Logic 27 (1):109-134.
    In all three of its manifestations, —abusive, circumstantial and tu quoque—the role of the ad hominem is to raise a doubt about the opposite party’s casemaking bona-fides.Provided that it is both presumptive and provisional, drawing such a conclusion is not a logical mistake, hence not a fallacy on the traditional conception of it. More remarkable is the role of the ad hominem retort in seeking the reassurance of one’s opponent when, on the face of it, reassurance is precisely what he (...)
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  19. Novum Organum; or, True Suggestions for the Interpretation of Nature [Tr. By W. Wood].Francis Bacon & William Wood - 1844
     
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  20.  12
    Aristotle's Eudemian Ethics: Books I, II, and VIII.Michael Woods - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (3):401-406.
  21.  11
    A Review of Possible Effects of Cognitive Biases on Interpretation of Rule-Based Machine Learning Models. [REVIEW]Tomáš Kliegr, Štěpán Bahník & Johannes Fürnkranz - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence 295:103458.
  22.  14
    Regulation and the Social Licence for Medical Research.Mary Dixon-Woods & Richard E. Ashcroft - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (4):381-391.
    Regulation and governance of medical research is frequently criticised by researchers. In this paper, we draw on Everett Hughes’ concepts of professional licence and professional mandate, and on contemporary sociological theory on risk regulation, to explain the emergence of research governance and the kinds of criticism it receives. We offer explanations for researcher criticism of the rules and practices of research governance, suggesting that these are perceived as interference in their mandate. We argue that, in spite of their complaints, researchers (...)
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  23. The Game of Belief.Barry Maguire & Jack Woods - 2020 - Philosophical Review 129 (2):211-249.
    It is plausible that there are epistemic reasons bearing on a distinctively epistemic standard of correctness for belief. It is also plausible that there are a range of practical reasons bearing on what to believe. These theses are often thought to be in tension with each other. Most significantly for our purposes, it is obscure how epistemic reasons and practical reasons might interact in the explanation of what one ought to believe. We draw an analogy with a similar distinction between (...)
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  24.  25
    The Over-Reliance on Self-Regulation in CSR Policy.Gary Lynch-Wood, David Williamson & Wyn Jenkins - 2009 - Business Ethics: A European Review 18 (1):52-65.
    The view that CSR performance can be improved most effectively through external pressures is shown to be invalid for most firms. In exploring why this is the case, the authors demonstrate that most small and medium enterprises are not exposed to the same pressures as large firms, and that this undermines many of the assumptions that underpin the externally driven business case (EDBC) for voluntary CSR practices. The analysis does this by looking at the external drivers of one of the (...)
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  25.  4
    Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology.Robert C. Roberts & W. Jay Wood - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Out of the ferment of recent debates about the intellectual virtues, Roberts and Wood have developed an approach they call 'regulative epistemology'. This is partly a return to classical and medieval traditions, partly in the spirit of Locke's and Descartes's concern for intellectual formation, partly an exploration of connections between epistemology and ethics, and partly an approach that has never been tried before. Standing on the shoulders of recent epistemologists - including William Alston, Alvin Plantinga, Ernest Sosa, and Linda (...)
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  26.  35
    The Problem with Killer Robots.Nathan Gabriel Wood - 2020 - Journal of Military Ethics 19 (3):220-240.
    Warfare is becoming increasingly automated, from automatic missile defense systems to micro-UAVs (WASPs) that can maneuver through urban environments with ease, and each advance brings with it ethical questions in need of resolving. Proponents of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS) provide varied arguments in their favor; robots are capable of better identifying combatants and civilians, thus reducing "collateral damage"; robots need not protect themselves and so can incur more risks to protect innocents or gather more information before using deadly force; (...)
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  27.  41
    Implementing the Ethos of Corporate Codes of Ethics: Australia, Canada, and Sweden.Greg Wood, Goran Svensson, Jang Singh, Emily Carasco & Michael Callaghan - 2004 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 13 (4):389-403.
  28.  10
    Reason and Human Good in Aristotle.Michael Woods - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 28 (110):75-77.
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  29.  12
    What is Polish Philosophy and What Can It Give to Ukrainian Philosophy?Stepan Ivanyk - 2015 - Sententiae 32 (1):128-142.
    The article examines discussion wich took place in 1911 between Polish philosophers Henryk Struve and Kazimierz Twardowski about the state of Polish philosophy and plans for its future development. The results of the discussion were extrapolated to the current situation of Ukrainian philosophy and its challenges. The conclusion is that the path of Polish philosophy of the last century can serve to modern Ukrainian philosophy as reliable guide to the future. Polish philosophy’s recipe of success transferred to modern Ukrainian philosophy (...)
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  30.  41
    Eudemian Ethics Books I, Ii, and Viii.Michael Woods (ed.) - 1992 - Clarendon Press.
    Anyone seriously interested in Aristotle's moral philosophy must take full account of the Eudemian Ethics, a work which has in the past been unduly neglected in favour of the Nicomachean Ethics. The relation between the two treatises is now the subject of lively debate. This volume contains a translation of three of the eight books of the Eudemian Ethics - those that are likely to be of most interest to philosophers today - together with a philosophical commentary on these books (...)
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  31.  15
    Research Involving Adults Who Lack Capacity: How Have Research Ethics Committees Interpreted the Requirements?M. Dixon-Woods & E. L. Angell - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (6):377-381.
    Two separate regulatory regimes govern research with adults who lack capacity to consent in England and Wales: the Mental Capacity Act (MCA) 2005 and the Medicines for Human Use (Clinical Trials) Regulations 2004 (“the Regulations”). A service evaluation was conducted to investigate how research ethics committees (RECs) are interpreting the requirements. With the use of a coding scheme and qualitative software, a sample of REC decision letters where applicants indicated that their project involved adults who lacked mental capacity was analysed. (...)
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  32.  35
    The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes.Juan J. Linz & Alfred Stepan - 1981 - Ethics 91 (4):685-687.
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  33. Wood and Wood Class Ideology and Ancient Political Theory: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle in Social Context. Oxford: Blackwell. 1978. Pp. X + 275. £10.50. [REVIEW]C. J. Rowe - 1981 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 101:179-180.
  34. How Expressivists Can and Should Explain Inconsistency.Derek Clayton Baker & Jack Woods - 2015 - Ethics 125 (2):391-424.
    Mark Schroeder has argued that all reasonable forms of inconsistency of attitude consist of having the same attitude type towards a pair of inconsistent contents (A-type inconsistency). We suggest that he is mistaken in this, offering a number of intuitive examples of pairs of distinct attitudes types with consistent contents which are intuitively inconsistent (B-type inconsistency). We further argue that, despite the virtues of Schroeder's elegant A-type expressivist semantics, B-type inconsistency is in many ways the more natural choice in developing (...)
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  35.  27
    Including Qualitative Research in Systematic Reviews: Opportunities and Problems.Mary Dixon-Woods, Ray Fitzpatrick & Karen Roberts - 2001 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (2):125-133.
  36.  11
    Comment: Wood Et Al.'s (2014) Speculations of Inappropriate Research Practices in Ovulatory Cycle Studies.Steven W. Gangestad - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (1):87-90.
    Wood, Kressel, Joshi, and Louie meta-analyzed studies examining changes in women’s mate preferences as a function of cycle phase, and claimed to find little evidence for shifts, contrary to Gildersleeve, Haselton, and Fales’s meta-analysis. This commentary concerns specific speculations Wood et al. made about particular researchers analyzing data multiple ways, capitalizing on chance and thereby inflating the Type I error rate. In so doing, Wood et al. misconstrued a key article explaining the high fertility period, misrepresented studies, (...)
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  37.  31
    Respect for Persons, Autonomy and Palliative Care.Simon Woods - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (2):243-253.
    .This paper explores some of the values that underpin health care and how these relate more specifically to the values and ethics of palliative care. The paper focuses on the concept of autonomy because autonomy has emerged as a foundational concept in contemporary health care ethics and because this is an opportunity to scratch the surface of this concept in order to reveal something of its complexity, a necessary precaution when applying the concept to the context of palliative care. The (...)
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  38.  45
    Critical Medical Humanities: Embracing Entanglement, Taking Risks.William Viney, Felicity Callard & Angela Woods - 2015 - Medical Humanities 41 (1):2-7.
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  39.  16
    Neglected Alternatives: Critical Essays by Roy Wood Sellars.Roy Wood Sellars & W. Preston Warren - 1974 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (2):282-283.
  40.  83
    Autonomic Responses to Shock-Associated Words in an Unattended Channel.R. S. Corteen & B. Wood - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (3):308.
  41.  21
    Woods, From Page One.John Woods - 1994 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 13 (3-4):41-46.
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  42.  4
    Red Wood Ants Display Natural Aversive Learning Differently Depending on Their Task Specialization.Ivan Iakovlev & Zhanna Reznikova - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  43.  69
    More Than a Furry Companion: The Ripple Effect of Companion Animals on Neighborhood Interactions and Sense of Community.Lisa Wood, Darcy Bosch, Max Bulsara & Billie Giles-Corti - 2007 - Society and Animals 15 (1):43-56.
    Companion animals exemplify the affinities possible between humans and nonhuman animals. Evidence documenting a diversity of emotional, physical, and therapeutic benefits of pet guardianship substantiates sentimental anecdotes from pet owners. Although the literature focuses primarily on the "one to one" benefits accruing from interactions with pets, this paper explores the potential role of pets as facilitators of social interactions and sense of community. The paper uses triangulation to synthesize findings from qualitative and quantitative research undertaken in three Western Australian suburbs. (...)
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  44.  15
    A Qualitative Study of Participants’ Views on Re-Consent in a Longitudinal Biobank.Mary Dixon-Woods, David Kocman, Liz Brewster, Janet Willars, Graeme Laurie & Carolyn Tarrant - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):22.
    Biomedical research increasingly relies on long-term studies involving use and re-use of biological samples and data stored in large repositories or “biobanks” over lengthy periods, often raising questions about whether and when a re-consenting process should be activated. We sought to investigate the views on re-consent of participants in a longitudinal biobank. We conducted a qualitative study involving interviews with 24 people who were participating in a longitudinal biobank. Their views were elicited using a semi-structured interview schedule and scenarios based (...)
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  45. Aims of Education: A Conceptual Inquiry.Richard S. Peters, John Woods & William H. Dray - forthcoming - The Philosophy of Education.
     
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  46.  5
    Categorization and challenges of utilitarianisms in the context of artificial intelligence.Štěpán Cvik - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-7.
    The debates about ethics in the context of artificial intelligence have been recently focusing primarily on various types of utilitarianisms. This article suggests a categorization of the various presented utilitarianisms into static utilitarianisms and dynamic utilitarianisms. It explains the main features of both. Then, it presents the challenges the utilitarianisms in each group need to be able to deal with. Since it appears that those cannot be overcome in the context of each group alone, the article suggests a possibility of (...)
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  47. The Role of the Axis of Spiritual Orientation in the Christianization of Ukrainians.Stepan Yarmus - 2013 - Ukrainian Religious Studies 65:165-172.
    The question of why Ukraine became Christianized from Byzantium and what kind of faith she accepted - in general, Christian, Orthodox, or Catholic - is not new. We have the views that stand for any of these three assumptions. They are formed depending on the data of religious beliefs, political orientations, etc.
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  48. Halfway Through the Woods: Contemporary Research on Space and Time.Carlo Rovelli - 1997 - In John Earman & John Norton (eds.), The Cosmos of Science. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 180--223.
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  49.  5
    Art of the Avant-Gardes.Paul Wood & Steve Edwards - 2004 - Yale University Press.
    02 This gorgeous book presents and discusses the oils, works on paper, and other artistic creations of William Holman Hunt, one of the three major artistic talents of the Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood. This gorgeous book presents and discusses the oils, works on paper, and other artistic creations of William Holman Hunt, one of the three major artistic talents of the Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood.
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  50. Wood's Kantian Ethics: A Hermeneutics of Freedom - Allen W. Wood, Kantian Ethics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008, Pp. 342, Pbk. [REVIEW]Silviya Lechner - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (1):141-150.
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