Results for 'Stephan Buchholz'

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  1.  2
    Historia Contentionis inter Imperium et Sacerdotium: Kirchengeschichte in der Sicht von Christian Thomasius und Gottfried Arnold.Stephan Buchholz - 1997 - In Friedrich Vollhardt (ed.), Christian Thomasius : Neue Forschungen Im Kontext der Frühaufklärung. De Gruyter. pp. 165-178.
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  2.  17
    Buchholz Zur Herkunft der kretischen Doppelaxt. [Diss.] Munich: Kiefhaber, Kiefhaber & Elbl. 1959. Pp. 56. 13 plates. 6 text figures. Price not stated. [REVIEW]R. W. Hutchinson & H. -G. Buchholz - 1961 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 81:208-209.
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  3. Textedition. T. 1. Das erste und zweite Buch : Vairagyaprakarana, Mumuksuvyavaharaprakarana / kritische Edition von Susanne Krause-Stinner. T. 2. Das dritte Buch : Utpattiprakaraṇa / kritische Edition von Jürgen Hanneder, Peter Stephan und Stanislav Jager. T. 3. Das vierte Buch : Sthitiprakaraṇa / kritische Edition von Susanne Krause-Stinner und Peter Stephan. T. 4. Das fünfte Buch : Upaśāntiprakaraṇa. [REVIEW]Kritische Edition von Susanne Krause-Stinner Und Peter Stephan - 2011 - In Anonymus Casmiriensis (ed.), Mokṣopāya: Historisch-Kritische Gesamtausgabe. Harrassowitz.
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  4. A Transformation Theory of Aesthetics.Michael Stephan - 2016 - Routledge.
    First published in 1990. How we perceive and respond to the visual image has been traditional concern of psychologists, philosophers and art historians. Today, where the visual image increasingly permeates our everyday life and consciousness, the question becomes ever more relevant. How do we, for instance, instinctively ‘know’ what it is that a picture represents without having to be taught? How it is that we experience pleasure in looking at certain pictures? How is it that we often want to talk (...)
     
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  5.  82
    Emotions Beyond Brain and Body.Achim Stephan, Sven Walter & Wendy Wilutzky - 2014 - Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):1-17.
    The emerging consensus in the philosophy of cognition is that cognition is situated, i.e., dependent upon or co-constituted by the body, the environment, and/or the embodied interaction with it. But what about emotions? If the brain alone cannot do much thinking, can the brain alone do some emoting? If not, what else is needed? Do (some) emotions (sometimes) cross an individual's boundary? If so, what kinds of supra-individual systems can be bearers of affective states, and why? And does that make (...)
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  6. Emergence and Its Place in Nature: A Case Study of Biochemical Networks.F. C. Boogerd, F. J. Bruggeman, Robert C. Richardson, Achim Stephan & H. Westerhoff - 2005 - Synthese 145 (1):131 - 164.
    We will show that there is a strong form of emergence in cell biology. Beginning with C.D. Broad's classic discussion of emergence, we distinguish two conditions sufficient for emergence. Emergence in biology must be compatible with the thought that all explanations of systemic properties are mechanistic explanations and with their sufficiency. Explanations of systemic properties are always in terms of the properties of the parts within the system. Nonetheless, systemic properties can still be emergent. If the properties of the components (...)
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  7.  21
    Emergence and its Place in Nature: A Case Study of Biochemical Networks.Fred C. Boogerd, Frank J. Bruggeman, Robert C. Richardson, Achim Stephan & Hans V. Westerhoff - 2005 - Synthese 145 (1).
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  8.  35
    Monkey Semantics: Two ‘Dialects’ of Campbell’s Monkey Alarm Calls.Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla, Kate Arnold, Alban Lemasson, Karim Ouattara, Sumir Keenan, Claudia Stephan, Robin Ryder & Klaus Zuberbühler - 2014 - Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (6):439-501.
    We develop a formal semantic analysis of the alarm calls used by Campbell’s monkeys in the Tai forest and on Tiwai island —two sites that differ in the main predators that the monkeys are exposed to. Building on data discussed in Ouattara et al. :e7808, 2009a; PNAS 106: 22026–22031, 2009b and Arnold et al., we argue that on both sites alarm calls include the roots krak and hok, which can optionally be affixed with -oo, a kind of attenuating suffix; in (...)
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  9.  83
    Affective Intentionality and Self-Consciousness.Jan Slaby & Achim Stephan - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (2):506-513.
    We elaborate and defend the claim that human affective states are, among other things, self-disclosing. We will show why affective intentionality has to be considered in order to understand human self-consciousness. One specific class of affective states, so-called existential feelings, although often neglected in philosophical treatments of emotions, will prove central. These feelings importantly pre-structure affective and other intentional relations to the world. Our main thesis is that existential feelings are an important manifestation of self-consciousness and figure prominently in human (...)
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  10.  25
    More on James and the Physical Basis of Emotion.Rainer Reisenzein & Achim Stephan - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (1):35-46.
  11. Van Lambalgen's Theorem and High Degrees.Johanna N. Y. Franklin & Frank Stephan - 2011 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 52 (2):173-185.
    We show that van Lambalgen's Theorem fails with respect to recursive randomness and Schnorr randomness for some real in every high degree and provide a full characterization of the Turing degrees for which van Lambalgen's Theorem can fail with respect to Kurtz randomness. However, we also show that there is a recursively random real that is not Martin-Löf random for which van Lambalgen's Theorem holds with respect to recursive randomness.
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  12.  19
    Lowness Properties and Approximations of the Jump.Santiago Figueira, André Nies & Frank Stephan - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 152 (1):51-66.
    We study and compare two combinatorial lowness notions: strong jump-traceability and well-approximability of the jump, by strengthening the notion of jump-traceability and super-lowness for sets of natural numbers. A computable non-decreasing unbounded function h is called an order function. Informally, a set A is strongly jump-traceable if for each order function h, for each input e one may effectively enumerate a set Te of possible values for the jump JA, and the number of values enumerated is at most h. A′ (...)
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  13.  16
    A Cohesive Set Which is Not High.Carl Jockusch & Frank Stephan - 1993 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 39 (1):515-530.
    We study the degrees of unsolvability of sets which are cohesive . We answer a question raised by the first author in 1972 by showing that there is a cohesive set A whose degree a satisfies a' = 0″ and hence is not high. We characterize the jumps of the degrees of r-cohesive sets, and we show that the degrees of r-cohesive sets coincide with those of the cohesive sets. We obtain analogous results for strongly hyperimmune and strongly hyperhyperimmune sets (...)
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  14. Emergentism, Irreducibility, and Downward Causation.Achim Stephan - 2002 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 65 (1):77-93.
    Several theories of emergence will be distinguished. In particular, these are synchronic, diachronic, and weak versions of emergence. While the weaker theories are compatible with property reductionism, synchronic emergentism and strong versions of diachronic emergentism are not. Synchronice mergentism is of particular interest for the discussion of downward causation. For such a theory, a system's property is taken to be emergent if it is irreducible, i.e., if it is not reductively explainable. Furthermore, we have to distinguish two different types of (...)
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  15.  14
    Epsilon Substitution Method for Elementary Analysis.Grigori Mints, Sergei Tupailo & Wilfried Buchholz - 1996 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 35 (2):103-130.
    We formulate epsilon substitution method for elementary analysisEA (second order arithmetic with comprehension for arithmetical formulas with predicate parameters). Two proofs of its termination are presented. One uses embedding into ramified system of level one and cutelimination for this system. The second proof uses non-effective continuity argument.
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  16.  58
    Notation Systems for Infinitary Derivations.Wilfried Buchholz - 1991 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 30 (5-6):277-296.
  17.  33
    Emotions, Existential Feelings, and Their Regulation.Achim Stephan - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (2):157-162.
    This article focuses on existential feelings. To begin with, it depicts how they differ from other affective phenomena and what type of intentionality they manifest. Furthermore, a detailed analysis shows that existential feelings can be subdivided, first, into elementary and nonelementary varieties, and second, into three foci of primary relatedness: oneself, the social environment, and the world as such. Eventually, five strategies of emotion regulation are examined with respect to their applicability to existential feelings. In the case of harmful existential (...)
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  18.  17
    Kolmogorov–Loveland Randomness and Stochasticity.Wolfgang Merkle, Joseph S. Miller, André Nies, Jan Reimann & Frank Stephan - 2006 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 138 (1):183-210.
    An infinite binary sequence X is Kolmogorov–Loveland random if there is no computable non-monotonic betting strategy that succeeds on X in the sense of having an unbounded gain in the limit while betting successively on bits of X. A sequence X is KL-stochastic if there is no computable non-monotonic selection rule that selects from X an infinite, biased sequence.One of the major open problems in the field of effective randomness is whether Martin-Löf randomness is the same as KL-randomness. Our first (...)
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  19.  31
    A Uniform Approach to Fundamental Sequences and Hierarchies.Wilfried Buchholz, Adam Cichon & Andreas Weiermann - 1994 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 40 (2):273-286.
    In this article we give a unifying approach to the theory of fundamental sequences and their related Hardy hierarchies of number-theoretic functions and we show the equivalence of the new approach with the classical one.
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  20. The Dual Role of 'Emergence' in the Philosophy of Mind and in Cognitive Science.Achim Stephan - 2006 - Synthese 151 (3):485-498.
    The concept of emergence is widely used in both the philosophy of mind and in cognitive science. In the philosophy of mind it serves to refer to seemingly irreducible phenomena, in cognitive science it is often used to refer to phenomena not explicitly programmed. There is no unique concept of emergence available that serves both purposes.
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  21.  32
    Schnorr Trivial Sets and Truth-Table Reducibility.Johanna N. Y. Franklin & Frank Stephan - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (2):501-521.
    We give several characterizations of Schnorr trivial sets, including a new lowness notion for Schnorr triviality based on truth-table reducibility. These characterizations allow us to see not only that some natural classes of sets, including maximal sets, are composed entirely of Schnorr trivials, but also that the Schnorr trivial sets form an ideal in the truth-table degrees but not the weak truth-table degrees. This answers a question of Downey, Griffiths and LaForte.
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  22.  6
    A New System of Proof-Theoretic Ordinal Functions.W. Buchholz - 1986 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 32 (3):195-207.
  23. Emergence.Robert C. Richardson & Achim Stephan - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (1):91-96.
  24.  11
    Refined Program Extraction From Classical Proofs.Ulrich Berger, Wilfried Buchholz & Helmut Schwichtenberg - 2002 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 114 (1-3):3-25.
    The paper presents a refined method of extracting reasonable and sometimes unexpected programs from classical proofs of formulas of the form ∀x∃yB . We also generalize previously known results, since B no longer needs to be quantifier-free, but only has to belong to a strictly larger class of so-called “goal formulas”. Furthermore we allow unproven lemmas D in the proof of ∀x∃yB , where D is a so-called “definite” formula.
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  25.  82
    Stakeholder Theory and Public Policy: How Governments Matter. [REVIEW]Rogene A. Buchholz & Sandra B. Rosenthal - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 51 (2):143-153.
    The Social Issues in Management Division has had a long history of research into various aspects of governmental influences on business. Recent years, however, have seen stakeholder theory sort of sweep the field, and under a stakeholder theory of capitalism, governments will matter less then they have in the past as stakeholder principles are implemented throughout the corporate world. This article will examine the nature of this claim by discussing problems with the implementation of stakeholder theory and examining the role (...)
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  26.  42
    Enactive Emotion and Impaired Agency in Depression.A. Stephan - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (7-8):7-8.
    We propose an action-oriented understanding of emotion. Emotions are modifications of a basic form of goal-oriented striving characteristic of human life. They are appetitive orientations: pursuits of the good, avoidances of the bad. Thus, emotions are not truly distinct from, let alone opposed to, actions -- as erroneously suggested by the classical understanding of emotions as 'passions'. In the present paper, we will outline and defend this broadly enactive approach and motivate its main claims. Our proposal gains plausibility from a (...)
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  27. Armchair Arguments Against Emergence.Achim Stephan - 1997 - Erkenntnis 46 (3):305-14.
  28. The Empirical-Normative Split in Business Ethics: A Pragmatic Alternative.Sandra B. Rosenthal & Rogene A. Buchholz - 2000 - Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (2):399-408.
    The empirical-normative split in business ethics is another manifestation of the fact-value problem that has existed betweenscience and philosophy for several centuries. This paper explores classical American pragmatism’s understanding of the fact-valuedistinction, showing how it offers a different way of understanding the empirical business ethics–normative business ethics issue.Unfolding the pragmatic perspective on this issue involves a focus on its understanding of both the nature of empirical inquiry and thenature of normative inquiry.
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  29.  16
    Explaining the Gentzen–Takeuti Reduction Steps: A Second-Order System.Wilfried Buchholz - 2001 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 40 (4):255-272.
    Using the concept of notations for infinitary derivations we give an explanation of Takeuti's reduction steps on finite derivations (used in his consistency proof for Π1 1-CA) in terms of the more perspicious infinitary approach from [BS88].
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  30.  4
    Proof-Theoretic Analysis of Termination Proofs.Wilfried Buchholz - 1995 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 75 (1-2):57-65.
  31. Are Animals Capable of Concepts?Achim Stephan - 1999 - Erkenntnis 51 (1):583-596.
    Often, the behavior of animals can be better explained and predicted, it seems, if we ascribe the capacity to have beliefs, intentions, and concepts to them. Whether we really can do so, however, is a debated issue. Particularly, Donald Davidson maintains that there is no basis in fact for ascribing propositional attitudes or concepts to animals. I will consider his and rival views, such as Colin Allen's three-part approach, for determining whether animals possess concepts. To avoid pure theoretical debate, however, (...)
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  32.  31
    Graphs Realised by R.E. Equivalence Relations.Alexander Gavruskin, Sanjay Jain, Bakhadyr Khoussainov & Frank Stephan - 2014 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (7-8):1263-1290.
    We investigate dependence of recursively enumerable graphs on the equality relation given by a specific r.e. equivalence relation on ω. In particular we compare r.e. equivalence relations in terms of graphs they permit to represent. This defines partially ordered sets that depend on classes of graphs under consideration. We investigate some algebraic properties of these partially ordered sets. For instance, we show that some of these partial ordered sets possess atoms, minimal and maximal elements. We also fully describe the isomorphism (...)
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  33.  18
    Correction to “a Cohesive Set Which is Not High”.Carl Jockusch & Frank Stephan - 1997 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 43 (4):569-569.
  34.  13
    Computable Categoricity and the Ershov Hierarchy.Bakhadyr Khoussainov, Frank Stephan & Yue Yang - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 156 (1):86-95.
    In this paper, the notions of Fα-categorical and Gα-categorical structures are introduced by choosing the isomorphism such that the function itself or its graph sits on the α-th level of the Ershov hierarchy, respectively. Separations obtained by natural graphs which are the disjoint unions of countably many finite graphs. Furthermore, for size-bounded graphs, an easy criterion is given to say when it is computable-categorical and when it is only G2-categorical; in the latter case it is not Fα-categorical for any recursive (...)
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  35.  24
    A Philosophical Framework for Case Studies.Rogene A. Buchholz & Sandra B. Rosenthal - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (1-2):25 - 31.
    People who teach business ethics seem locked between two general approaches: an applied philosophy approach that emphasizes the application of abstract ethical theories and principles to specific cases, and the case method approach that leaves the students without any more general theoretical framework with which to approach ethical issues. Classical American Pragmatism, understood as a school of philosophical thought, links these two approaches by providing a new grounding for moral theory in which moral rules are understood as working hypotheses abstracted (...)
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  36. Lowness for the Class of Schnorr Random Sets.B. Kjös-Hanssen, A. Nies & F. Stephan - 2005 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 35 (3):647-657.
     
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  37.  12
    An Independence Result for +BI.Wilfried Buchholz - 1987 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 33 (2):131-155.
  38. Higher Kurtz Randomness.Bjørn Kjos-Hanssen, André Nies, Frank Stephan & Liang Yu - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (10):1280-1290.
    A real x is -Kurtz random if it is in no closed null set . We show that there is a cone of -Kurtz random hyperdegrees. We characterize lowness for -Kurtz randomness as being -dominated and -semi-traceable.
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  39. Emotions as Bio-Cultural Processes: Discipinary Debates and an Interdisciplinary Outlook.Eva-Maria Engelen, Hans J. Markowitsch, Christian Scheve, Birgitt Roettger-Roessler, Achim Stephan, Manfred Holodynski & Marie Vandekerckhove - 2009 - In Birgitt Röttger-Rössler & Hans Markowitsch (eds.), Emotions as Bio-cultural Processes.
    The article develops a theoretical framework that is capable of integrating the biological foundations of emotions with their cultural and semantic formation.
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  40. How Anonymous Are You Online? Examining Online Social Behaviors From a Cross-Cultural Perspective.Hiroaki Morio & Christopher Buchholz - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (2):297-307.
    Communication on the Internet is often described as “anonymous”, yet the usage of the term is often confusing, even in academia. Three levels of anonymity, visual anonymity, dissociation of real and online identities, and lack of identifiability, are thought to have different effects on various components of interpersonal motivation. Specifically, we propose that cross-cultural differences in interpersonal motivation (autonomy vs. affiliation) are illustrated by choices individuals make when deciding whether or not to remain anonymous while communicating online. Autonomy is often (...)
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  41.  63
    Enumerations of the Kolmogorov Function.Richard Beigel, Harry Buhrman, Peter Fejer, Lance Fortnow, Piotr Grabowski, Luc Longpré, Andrej Muchnik, Frank Stephan & Leen Torenvliet - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (2):501 - 528.
    A recursive enumerator for a function h is an algorithm f which enumerates for an input x finitely many elements including h(x), f is a k(n)-enumerator if for every input x of length n, h(x) is among the first k(n) elements enumerated by f. If there is a k(n)-enumerator for h then h is called k(n)-enumerable. We also consider enumerators which are only A-recursive for some oracle A. We determine exactly how hard it is to enumerate the Kolmogorov function, which (...)
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  42.  15
    Effective Search Problems.Martin Kummer & Frank Stephan - 1994 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 40 (2):224-236.
    The task of computing a function F with the help of an oracle X can be viewed as a search problem where the cost measure is the number of queries to X. We ask for the minimal number that can be achieved by a suitable choice of X and call this quantity the query complexity of F. This concept is suggested by earlier work of Beigel, Gasarch, Gill, and Owings on “Bounded query classes”. We introduce a fault tolerant version and (...)
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  43.  3
    An Intuitionistic Fixed Point Theory.Wilfried Buchholz - 1997 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 37 (1):21-27.
  44.  28
    Technology and Business: Rethinking the Moral Dilemma. [REVIEW]Rogene A. Buchholz & Sandra B. Rosenthal - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 41 (1-2):45 - 50.
    In a market economy, the corporation is the primary institution through which new technologies are introduced. And the corporation, being primarily interested in economic goals, may ask very limited questions about the safety and workability of a particular technology. This viewpoint causes problems which manifest themselves in many cases where the concerns of engineers and technicians in corporations about decisions relating to a particular technology clash with managers prone to overlooking these concerns in favor of organizational interests. The problem can (...)
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  45.  33
    The Potential of Standards and Codes of Conduct in Governing Large-Scale Land Acquisition in Developing Countries Towards Sustainability.Lieske Voget-Kleschin & Setareh Stephan - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (6):1157-1179.
    Commercial interest in land (large-scale land acquisition, LaSLA) in developing countries is a hot topic for debate and its potential consequences are contentious: proponents conceive of it as much needed investment into the formerly neglected agricultural sector while opponents point to severe social and environmental effects. This contribution discusses, if and how sustainability standards and codes of conduct can contribute towards governing LaSLA. Based on the WCED-definition we develop a conception of sustainability that allows framing potential negative effects as issues (...)
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  46. Emergence -- A Systematic Look at its Historical Facets.Achim Stephan - 1992 - In Ansgar Beckermann, Hans Flohr & Jaegwon Kim (eds.), Emergence or Reduction?: Prospects for Nonreductive Physicalism. De Gruyter.
     
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  47.  38
    The Ethics of Consumption Activities: A Future Paradigm? [REVIEW]Rogene A. Buchholz - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (8):871 - 882.
    Concern about the environment and sustainable growth has raised questions related to resource availability and limits regarding the ability of the planet to provide everyone with an improved material standard of living. Such concerns lead to charges that the industrialized world, particularly the United states, is living beyond its means and taking more than its share of resources to produce a life style that is not sustainable. Whether overconsumption is a legitimate problem and changing patterns of consumption are necessary are (...)
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  48.  26
    Provable Wellorderings of Formal Theories for Transfinitely Iterated Inductive Definitions.W. Buchholz & W. Pohlers - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (1):118-125.
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  49.  22
    Depression Als Handlungsstörung.Jan Slaby & Achim Stephan - 2012 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 60 (6):919-935.
    We develop a philosophical interpretation of altered experience in conditions of severe unipolar depression. Drawing on phenomenological analysis, on published depression memoires and on a recent questionnaire study with patients in Britain, we hold that depression is a profound impairment of agency. Its experiential core consists in a paralyzing loss of drive and energy, a suspension of initiative, an inability to adopt a stance and act in accordance with it. Moreover, we show that experiences such as a loss of self (...)
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  50.  15
    Extremes in the Degrees of Inferability.Lance Fortnow, William Gasarch, Sanjay Jain, Efim Kinber, Martin Kummer, Stuart Kurtz, Mark Pleszkovich, Theodore Slaman, Robert Solovay & Frank Stephan - 1994 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 66 (3):231-276.
    Most theories of learning consider inferring a function f from either observations about f or, questions about f. We consider a scenario whereby the learner observes f and asks queries to some set A. If I is a notion of learning then I[A] is the set of concept classes I-learnable by an inductive inference machine with oracle A. A and B are I-equivalent if I[A] = I[B]. The equivalence classes induced are the degrees of inferability. We prove several results about (...)
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