28 found
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  1. Grounding and Necessity.Stephan Leuenberger - 2014 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 57 (2):151-174.
    The elucidations and regimentations of grounding offered in the literature standardly take it to be a necessary connection. In particular, authors often assert, or at least assume, that if some facts ground another fact, then the obtaining of the former necessitates the latter; and moreover, that grounding is an internal relation, in the sense of being necessitated by the existence of the relata. In this article, I challenge the necessitarian orthodoxy about grounding by offering two prima facie counterexamples. First, some (...)
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  2. From Grounding to Supervenience?Stephan Leuenberger - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (1):227-240.
    The concept of supervenience and a regimented concept of grounding are often taken to provide rival explications of pre-theoretical concepts of dependence and determination. Friends of grounding typically point out that supervenience claims do not entail corresponding grounding claims. Every fact supervenes on itself, but is not grounded in itself, and the fact that a thing exists supervenes on the fact that its singleton exists, but is not grounded in it. Common lore has it, though, that grounding claims do entail (...)
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  3.  67
    The fundamental: Ungrounded or all-grounding?Stephan Leuenberger - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (9):2647-2669.
    Fundamentality plays a pivotal role in discussions of ontology, supervenience, and possibility, and other key topics in metaphysics. However, there are two different ways of characterising the fundamental: as that which is not grounded, and as that which is the ground of everything else. I show that whether these two characterisations pick out the same property turns on a principle—which I call “Dichotomy”—that is of independent interest in the theory of ground: that everything is either fully grounded or not even (...)
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  4. Supervenience in Metaphysics.Stephan Leuenberger - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (4):749-762.
    Supervenience is a topic-neutral, broadly logical relation between classes of properties or facts. In a slogan, A supervenes on B if and only if there cannot be an A-difference without a B-difference. The first part of this paper considers different ways in which that slogan has been cashed out. The second part discusses applications of concepts of supervenience, focussing on the question whether they may provide an explication of determination theses such as physicalism.
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  5. What is Global Supervenience?Stephan Leuenberger - 2009 - Synthese 170 (1):115 - 129.
    The relation of global supervenience is widely appealed to in philosophy. In slogan form, it is explained as follows: a class of properties A supervenes on a class of properties B if no two worlds differ in the distribution of A-properties without differing in the distribution of B-properties. It turns out, though, that there are several ways to cash out that slogan. Three different proposals have been discussed in the literature. In this paper, I argue that none of them is (...)
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  6. Ceteris Absentibus Physicalism.Stephan Leuenberger - 2008 - In D. W. Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. pp. 4--145.
  7.  59
    Global Supervenience Without Reducibility.Stephan Leuenberger - 2018 - Journal of Philosophy 115 (8):389-422.
    Does the global supervenience of one class on another entail reductionism, in the sense that any property in the former class is definable from properties in the latter class? This question appears to be at the same time formally tractable and philosophically significant. It seems formally tractable because the concepts involved are susceptible to rigorous definition. It is philosophically significant because in a number of debates about inter-level relationships, there are prima facie plausible positions that presuppose that there is no (...)
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  8.  50
    Epistemic Logic Without Closure.Stephan Leuenberger & Martin Smith - forthcoming - Synthese.
    All standard epistemic logics legitimate something akin to the principle of closure, according to which knowledge is closed under competent deductive inference. And yet the principle of closure, particularly in its multiple premise guise, has a somewhat ambivalent status within epistemology. One might think that serious concerns about closure point us away from epistemic logic altogether—away from the very idea that the knowledge relation could be fruitfully treated as a kind of modal operator. This, however, need not be so. The (...)
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  9. Humility and Constraints on O-Language.Stephan Leuenberger - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 149 (3):327-354.
    In "Ramseyan Humility," David Lewis argues that we cannot know what the fundamental properties in our world are. His arguments invoke the possibility of permutations and replacements of fundamental properties. Most responses focus on Lewis’s view on the relationship between properties and roles, and on the assumptions about knowledge that he makes. I argue that no matter how the debates about knowledge and about the metaphysics of properties turn out, Lewis’s arguments are unconvincing since they rely on a highly implausible (...)
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  10.  62
    Why It Matters Whether You Are a Contingentist.Stephan Leuenberger - 2019 - Analysis 79 (2):290-303.
    Karen Bennett’s Making Things Up starts with the claim that despite all the differences between them, analytic philosophers share an interest in ‘claims about what builds – or fails to build – what’. Be that as it may, there is another candidate for a shared interest: in generalizing, and identifying common patterns in ostensibly different domains. It is that interest that Bennett pursues in the book, by developing a general theory of building relations.
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  11.  69
    Introduction: The Philosophy of Vectors.Stephan Leuenberger & Philipp Keller - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (4):369-380.
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  12. Ceteris Absentibus Physicalism.Stephan Leuenberger - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 4:145-170.
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  13.  42
    A New Problem of Descriptive Power.Stephan Leuenberger - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy 103 (3):145-159.
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  14.  30
    Total Logic.Stephan Leuenberger - 2014 - Review of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):529-547.
  15.  15
    Structural Problems for Reductionism.Stephan Leuenberger - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-23.
    Universal reductionism—the sort of project pursued by Carnap in the Aufbau, Lewis in his campaign on behalf of Humean supervenience, Jackson in From Metaphysics to Ethics, and Chalmers in Constructing the World—aims to reduce everything to some specified base, more or less austere as it may be. In this paper, I identify two constraints that a promising strategy to argue for universal reductionism needs to satisfy: the exhaustion constraint and the chaining constraint. As a case study, I then consider Chalmers’ (...)
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  16.  70
    De Jure and De Facto Validity in the Logic of Time and Modality.Stephan Leuenberger - 2013 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):196-205.
    What formulas are tense-logically valid depends on the structure of time, for example on whether it has a beginning. Logicians have investigated what formulas correspond to what physical hypotheses about time. Analogously, we can investigate what formulas of modal logic correspond to what metaphysical hypotheses about necessity. It is widely held that physical hypotheses about time may be contingent. If so, tense-logical validity may be contingent. In contrast, validity in modal logic is typically taken to be non-contingent, as reflected by (...)
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  17. Re-Emergence: Locating Conscious Properties in a Material World, by Gerald Vision.Stephan Leuenberger - 2013 - Mind 122 (486):fzt085.
  18.  79
    The Contingency of Contingency.Stephan Leuenberger - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy 112 (2):84-112.
    Where does the line between the possible and the impossible fall? One influential answer to this question is succinctly expressed by the thesis that there are no brute necessities. Typically, that thesis is taken to be non-contingent by its proponents. In this paper, I shall argue that if it is necessary, it is so brutely. From this, it follows that there could be brute necessities. But this has no tendency to show that there are any. On the resulting view, the (...)
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  19.  55
    Michael Jubien, Possibility, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009, 211 + XV Pp.1.Stephan Leuenberger - 2011 - Analytic Philosophy 52 (1):61-74.
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  20.  6
    Comments and Criticism: A New Problem of Descriptive Power.Stephan Leuenberger - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy 103 (3):145-162.
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  21.  4
    Structural problems for reductionism.Stephan Leuenberger - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-23.
    Universal reductionism—the sort of project pursued by Carnap in the Aufbau, Lewis in his campaign on behalf of Humean supervenience, Jackson in From Metaphysics to Ethics, and Chalmers in Constructing the World—aims to reduce everything to some specified base, more or less austere as it may be. In this paper, I identify two constraints that a promising strategy to argue for universal reductionism needs to satisfy: the exhaustion constraint and the chaining constraint. As a case study, I then consider Chalmers’ (...)
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  22. Exclusion and Physicalism: Comments on O'Connor and Churchill.Stephan Leuenberger - 2010 - In Graham Macdonald & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.), Emergence in Mind. Oxford University Press. pp. 61.
     
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  23.  51
    The Character of Consciousness. [REVIEW]Stephan Leuenberger - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):803-806.
  24.  30
    Review of Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Vol. 2. Dean Zimmerman. [REVIEW]Stephan Leuenberger - 2010 - Philosophical Review 119 (1):118-123.
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  25.  31
    Fabrice Correia and Benjamin Schnieder (Eds.), Metaphysical Grounding. Understanding the Structure of Reality, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, Vii + 311 Pp., GBP 55 (Hardback), ISBN 9781107022898. [REVIEW]Stephan Leuenberger - 2014 - Dialectica 68 (1):147-151.
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  26.  33
    Review of Stephen Yablo, Thoughts: Papers on Mind, Meaning, and Modality (Philosophical Papers, Volume 1)[REVIEW]Stephan Leuenberger - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (9).
  27.  15
    Total Logic–ERRATUM.Stephan Leuenberger - 2014 - Review of Symbolic Logic 7 (3):599-599.
  28. Humean Supervenience.Stephan Leuenberger - 2001
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