Results for 'Stephen B. Ryan'

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  1. Does Contextualism Hinge on A Methodological Dispute?Jie Gao, Mikkel Gerken & Stephen B. Ryan - 2017 - In Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Contextualism. Routledge. pp. 81-93.
    In this entry, we provide an overview of some of the methodological debates surrounding contextualism and consider whether they are, in effect, based on an underlying methodological dispute. We consider three modes of motivation of epistemic contextualism including i) the method of cases, ii) the appeal to linguistic analogies and iii) the appeal to conceptual analogies and functional roles. We also consider the methodological debates about contextualism arising from experimental philosophy. We conclude that i) there is no distinctive methodological doctrine (...)
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  2.  85
    Ethical Decision-Making in Business: Behavioral Issues and Concerns. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Knouse & Robert A. Giacalone - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (5-6):369 - 377.
    This article examines selected behavioral aspects of ethical decision making within a business context. Three categories of antecedents to ethical decision behaviors (individual differences, interpersonal variables, and organizational variables) are examined and propositions are offered. Moral development theory and expectancy theory are then explored as possible bases for a theory of ethical decision making. Finally, means of improving ethical decision making in firms are explored.
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  3.  70
    Truth, Consequences and Culture: A Comparative Examination of Cheating and Attitudes About Cheating Among U.S. And U.K. Students. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Salter, Daryl M. Guffey & Jeffrey J. McMillan - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (1):37-50.
    As Post observes, accounting firms are unique among multinationals. They are more likely than firms in almost any other category to go abroad. They also have less choice in location as their expansion is determined largely by the desired locations of their clients. Given the widespread global presence of such firms, it can be argued that the global audit firm is uniquely at risk from variations in ethical perceptions across nations. This study extends the U.S. accounting literature on determinants of (...)
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  4.  26
    Elemental Earth: Heidegger, Trakl, and German Poets: “Something Strange is the Soul on Earth”.Stephen B. Hatton - 2016 - Environment, Space, Place 8 (2):123-139.
    Philosopher Martin Heidegger and German poets who evoke nature offer excellent introductions to elemental earth. Those poets privilege earth among the elements using their earthy language. Heidegger views earth as the hidden ground of things. The article approaches elemental earth through Heidegger’s analysis of what he views as Georg Trakl’s crucial line of poetry about earth: “something strange is the soul on earth.” Heidegger stresses the soul as the stranger. In contrast, this article argues that on the basis of a (...)
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  5.  38
    Fiduciary Duties as a Helpful Guide to Ethical Decision-Making in Business.Stephen B. Young - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (1):1-15.
  6.  93
    Desire and Natural Classification: Aristotle and Peirce on Final Cause.Stephen B. Hawkins - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):521 - 541.
    Peirce was greatly influenced by Aristotle, particularly on the topic of final cause. Commentators are therefore right to draw on Aristotle in the interpretation of Peirce's teleology. But these commentators sometimes fail to distinguish clearly between formal cause and final cause in Aristotle's philosophy. Unless form and end are clearly distinguished, no sense can be made of Peirce's important claim that 'desires create classes.' Understood in the context of his teleology, this claim may be considered Peirce's answer to nominalists and (...)
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  7.  88
    Follow the Money: Engineering at Stanford and UC Berkeley During the Rise of Silicon Valley.Stephen B. Adams - 2009 - Minerva 47 (4):367-390.
    A comparison of the engineering schools at UC Berkeley and Stanford during the 1940s and 1950s shows that having an excellent academic program is necessary but not sufficient to make a university entrepreneurial. Key factors that made Stanford more entrepreneurial than Cal during this period were superior leadership and a focused strategy. The broader institutional context mattered as well. Stanford did not have the same access to state funding as public universities and some private universities. Therefore, in order to gather (...)
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  8.  35
    Whose Knowledge, Whose Genes, Whose Rights?Stephen B. Brush - 2011 - In Sandra G. Harding (ed.), The Postcolonial Science and Technology Studies Reader. Duke University Press. pp. 225.
  9.  5
    Public Perception and Communication of Scientific Uncertainty.Stephen B. Broomell & Patrick Bodilly Kane - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (2):286-304.
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  10.  13
    Prescriptivism and Incompleteness.Stephen B. Torrance - 1981 - Mind 90 (360):580-585.
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  11.  8
    Effects of Arousal on Cognitive Control: Empirical Tests of the Conflict-Modulated Hebbian-Learning Hypothesis.Stephen B. R. E. Brown, Henk van Steenbergen, Tomer Kedar & Sander Nieuwenhuis - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  12.  2
    Valuing Local Knowledge: Indigenous People and Intellectual Property Rights.Doreen Stabinsky & Stephen B. Brush (eds.) - 1996 - Island Press.
    Experts from around the world examine an innovative proposal to promote both cultural survival and biological conservation: treating cultural and indigenous knowledge as a form of intellectual property. Currently the focus of a heated debate among indigenous peoples, human rights advocates, crop breeders, pharmaceutical companies, conservationists, social scientists, and lawyers, the proposal would allow impoverished people in biologically rich areas to realize an economic return from resources under their care. Monetary compensation could both validate their knowledge and provide them with (...)
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  13.  56
    Justifying Wrongful Employee Behavior: The Role of Personality in Organizational Sabotage. [REVIEW]Robert A. Giacalone & Stephen B. Knouse - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):55 - 61.
    The role that personality plays in the justification of organizational sabotage behavior was examined. In a two phase study, 120 business students were first surveyed to create a list of 51 methods of sabotage. In the second phase, 274 other business students rated justifiability of the 51 methods and completed Machiavellian and hostility scales. A factor analysis of the justification ratings yielded four factors: (1) methods of sabotaging company profits and production, (2) informational sabotage, (3) violent and illegal methods, and (...)
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  14.  2
    Stakeholder Views on the Acceptability of Human Infection Studies in Malawi.Kate Gooding, Stephen B. Gordon, Michael Parker, Rodrick Sambakunsi, Markus Gmeiner, Jamie Rylance, Kondwani Jambo & Blessings M. Kapumba - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-15.
    BackgroundHuman infection studies are valuable in vaccine development. Deliberate infection, however, creates challenging questions, particularly in low and middle-income countries where HIS are new and ethical challenges may be heightened. Consultation with stakeholders is needed to support contextually appropriate and acceptable study design. We examined stakeholder perceptions about the acceptability and ethics of HIS in Malawi, to inform decisions about planned pneumococcal challenge research and wider understanding of HIS ethics in LMICs.MethodsWe conducted 6 deliberative focus groups and 15 follow-up interviews (...)
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  15.  95
    Google in China: A Manager-Friendly Heuristic Model for Resolving Cross-Cultural Ethical Conflicts.J. Brooke Hamilton, Stephen B. Knouse & Vanessa Hill - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):143-157.
    Management practitioners and scholars have worked diligently to identify methods for ethical decision making in international contexts. Theoretical frameworks such as Integrative Social Contracts Theory (Donaldson and Dunfee, 1994, Academy of Management Review 19, 252–284) and more recently the Global Business Citizenship Approach [Wood et al., 2006, Global Business Citizenship: A Transformative Framework for Ethics and Sustainable Capitalism. (M. E. Sharpe, Armonk, NY)] have produced innovations in practice. Despite these advances, many managers have difficulty implementing these theoretical concepts in daily (...)
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  16.  63
    Multinational Enterprise Decision Principles for Dealing with Cross Cultural Ethical Conflicts.J. Brooke Hamilton & Stephen B. Knouse - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (1):77 - 94.
    Cross cultural ethical conflicts are a major challenge for managers of multinational corporations (MNEs) when an MNE''s business practices and a host country''s practices differ. We develop a set of decision principles to help MNE managers deal with these conflicts and illustrate with examples of ethical conflicts faced by MNEs doing business in contemporary Russia (DeGeorge, 1994). We discuss the generalizability of the principles by comparing them to the Donaldson (1989) and Buller and Kohls (1997) decision models. Finally we discuss (...)
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  17.  2
    Just Me and the Boys?: Women in Local-Level Rock and Roll.Margaret Cooper & Stephen B. Groce - 1990 - Gender and Society 4 (2):220-229.
    Social scientists have investigated many facets of popular music over the last 25 years. The vast majority of their efforts have focused on men and their contributions to the creation and performance of popular music. As a result, we know little about women and their experiences as musicians in a traditionally male-centered and male-dominated activity. In this study, the authors used in-depth interviews with 15 local-level female rock and roll musicians in two U.S. cities to explore audiences' reactions and responses (...)
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  18.  11
    Gold Stripe on a Jackass: The Quest for Moral Efficiency.Stephen B. Sloane - 2008 - Hamilton Books.
    Gold Stripe on a Jackass is a conceptually rich description of one naval officer's career journey. Author Stephen B. Sloane began his career in Annapolis, where the commandment of obedience holds sway, and finished in Berkeley, a place where questioning authority is woven deeply into the cultural fabric.
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  19.  12
    David A. Mindell. Between Human and Machine: Feedback, Control, and Computing Before Cybernetics. Xiv+439 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. $46. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Johnson - 2003 - Isis 94 (4):698-699.
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  20.  27
    STEPHEN B. JOHNSON, The Secret of Apollo: Systems Management in American and European Space Programs. New Series in NASA History. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. Pp. Xvii+290. ISBN 0-8018-6898-X. £30.50 . JOHN M. LOGSDON , Exploring the Unknown: Selected Documents in the History of the U.S. Civil Space Program. Volume V: Exploring the Cosmos. NASA History Series. Washington: NASA, 2001. Pp. Xxviii+796. ISBN 0-16-061774-X. No Price Given . DOUGLAS J. MUDGWAY, Uplink-Downlink: A History of the Deep Space Network 1957–1997. NASA History Series. Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration Office of External Relations, 2001. Pp. Xlviii+674. ISBN 0-16-066599-X. $82.00 , $102.50. [REVIEW]Jon Agar - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (2):231-233.
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  21.  4
    Daniel 7.Stephen B. Chapman - 2017 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 71 (2):207-209.
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  22.  13
    Stephen B. Johnson . Space Exploration and Humanity: A Historical Encyclopedia. 2 Volumes. Lvi + 740 Pp.; Xxi + 576 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Santa Barbara: ABC‐CLIO, 2010. $180. [REVIEW]Jordan D. Marché - 2011 - Isis 102 (4):805-806.
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  23.  23
    Are There Fundamental Differences in the Peripheral Mechanisms of Visceral and Somatic Pain?Stephen B. McMahon - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):381-391.
    There are some conspicuous differences between the sensibilities of cutaneous and visceral tissues: (1) Direct trauma, which readily produces pain when applied to the skin, is mostly without effect in healthy visceral tissue. (2) Pain that arises from visceral tissues is initially often poorly localised and diffuse. (3) With time, visceral pains are often referred to more superficial structures. (4) The site of referred pain may also show hyperalgesia. (5) In disease states, the afflicted viscera may also become hyperalgesic. In (...)
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  24.  2
    Simplicity From Complexity in Vertebrate Behavior: Macphail (1987) Revisited.Stephen B. Fountain, Katherine H. Dyer & Claire C. Jackman - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  25.  5
    Religion and Dialogue: Textuality, Rationality and the Re-Imagining of the Public Sphere.Stephen B. Roberts - unknown
    Socially and politically significant Muslim communities are posing a challenge to the public spheres of Western Europe: can public reason in a liberal democracy be so conceived as to accommodate the religious reasons of Muslims and other religiously motivated citizens? This question, often discussed from the perspective either of political philosophy or of particular religious traditions, is addressed here instead by drawing on the theory and practice of inter-religious dialogue. The dialogue movement known as ‘scriptural reasoning’ is analysed for its (...)
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  26. Constants in Context: A Theology of Mission for Today.Stephen B. Bevans & Roger P. Schroeder - 2004
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  27.  22
    Effectiveness of a Brief Condom Promotion Program in Reducing Risky Sexual Behaviours Among African American Men.Stephen B. Kennedy, Sherry Nolen, Zhenfeng Pan, Betty Smith, Jeffrey Applewhite & Kenneth J. Vanderhoff - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (2):408-413.
  28.  21
    Predictors of HIV/AIDS Among Individuals with Tuberculosis: Health and Policy Implications.Stephen B. Kennedy, James Campbell & Bernard Malanda - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (1):101-106.
  29.  15
    Mercuric Chloride Influence on Active-Avoidance Acquisition in Rats.Stephen B. Klein & Elizabeth J. Atkinson - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (6):437-438.
  30.  2
    Transcriptional Regulation: A New Dominion for Inositol Phosphate Signaling?Stephen B. Shears - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (9):786-789.
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  31.  33
    Religious Questions and Answers.Stephen B. Levensohn - 1966 - World Futures 5 (2):83-85.
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  32.  24
    CSI : Creating False Memories of Committing Crime.Stephen B. Porter & Alysha T. Baker - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (12):716-718.
  33.  17
    Effects of Pretask Frequency and Conjunctive Rule Information on Concept Identification.Stephen B. Walters, Stephen W. Schmidt, Robert Bornstein & Raymond M. White - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):351.
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  34.  31
    Closed-Loop Targeted Memory Reactivation During Sleep Improves Spatial Navigation.Renee E. Shimizu, Patrick M. Connolly, Nicola Cellini, Diana M. Armstrong, Lexus T. Hernandez, Rolando Estrada, Mario Aguilar, Michael P. Weisend, Sara C. Mednick & Stephen B. Simons - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  35.  33
    James Tartaglia, Philosophy in a Meaningless Life: A System of Nihilism, Consciousness and Reality. Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Hawkins - 2017 - Philosophy in Review 37 (1):41-43.
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  36.  21
    Paul Fairfield. Death: A Philosophical Inquiry. Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Hawkins - 2016 - Philosophy in Review 36 (2):73-75.
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  37.  17
    Elegant Studies of Transplant-Derived Repair of Cognitive Performance.Stephen B. Dunnett & Eduardo M. Torres - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):57-57.
    Cholinergic-rich grafts have been shown to be effective in restoring maze-learning deficits in rats with lesions of the forebrain cholinergic projection system. However, the relevance of those studies to developing novel therapies for Alzheimer's disease is questioned.
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  38.  9
    Multiple Potential Mechanisms of Graft Action is Not a New Idea.Stephen B. Dunnett - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):56-57.
    It is well established that neural grafts can exert functional effects on the host animal by a multiplicity of different mechanisms – by diffuse release of trophic molecules, neurohormones, and deficient neurotransmitters, as well as by growth and reformation of neural circuits. Our challenge is to understand how these different mechanisms complement each other.
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  39. "Theoretical Logic in Sociology", Vol. 3: "The Classical Attempt at Theoretical Synthesis: Max Weber" by Jeffrey C. Alexander.Stephen B. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (3):365.
     
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  40.  3
    Global–Local Incompatibility: The Misperception of Reliability in Judgment Regarding Global Variables.Stephen B. Broomell - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (4).
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  41.  10
    Effect of Amount of Preconditioning Training Upon the Magnitude of Sensory Preconditioning.Donald R. Hoffeld, Stephen B. Kendall, Richard F. Thompson & W. J. Brogden - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (3):198.
  42. Philippians and Philemon.Bonnie B. Thurston & Judith M. Ryan - 2005
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  43.  6
    Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Offspring.Mary B. Mahowald & Maura Ryan - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (4):38.
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  44.  38
    Transforming Personal Experience Into a Pedagogical Tool: Ethical Complaints. [REVIEW]Carole L. Jurkiewicz, Robert A. Giacalone & Stephen B. Knouse - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 53 (3):283-295.
    If students are to understand ethical problems at work, practical applications are essential in translating classroom learning into real world knowledge. This article describes the ethical complaint letter as one pedagogical approach for MBA students to understanding real world ethical situations. Students write an objective, fact-filled complaint letter to an organization that has behaved in an unethical manner toward them. A specific assignment protocol is presented for the students and for discussing organizational responses in class. Finally, an examination of expected (...)
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  45.  6
    Multi-Family Ventures, LLC and the 2008 Financial Crisis.Mike Morawski & Stephen B. Castleberry - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 17:273-284.
    This true account provides a summary of a firm and its CEO caught up in the housing market frenzy that occurred in the mid to late 2000s. Although confronted with a number of economic, strategic management, human resource, ethical, and legal challenges, the owners make decisions that cause the firm to grow at an exponential rate. The case documents the eventual results of many of those decisions. Readers are challenged to identify ethics issues involved and the business decisions that precipitated (...)
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  46.  13
    Short Duration Repetitive Transcranial Electrical Stimulation During Sleep Enhances Declarative Memory of Facts.Nicola Cellini, Renee E. Shimizu, Patrick M. Connolly, Diana M. Armstrong, Lexus T. Hernandez, Anthony G. Polakiewicz, Rolando Estrada, Mario Aguilar-Simon, Michael P. Weisend, Sara C. Mednick & Stephen B. Simons - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  47.  11
    Patients’ Beliefs About Deep Brain Stimulation for Treatment-Resistant Depression.Ryan E. Lawrence, Catharine R. Kaufmann, Ravi B. DeSilva & Paul S. Appelbaum - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (4):210-218.
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  48.  1
    A Comparative Analysis of the Corporate Advertising Practices of Foreign-Owned Versus Domestic Corporations.Craig S. Fleisher & Stephen B. Preece - 1994 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 5:469-482.
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  49.  19
    Prevailing Theories of Consciousness Are Challenged by Novel Cross-Modal Associations Acquired Between Subliminal Stimuli.Ryan B. Scott, Jason Samaha, Ron Chrisley & Zoltan Dienes - 2018 - Cognition 175:169-185.
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  50.  25
    Strengthening the HIV/AIDS Service Delivery System in Liberia: An International Research Capacity‐Building Strategy.Knowlton Johnson, Stephen B. Kennedy, Albert O. Harris, Adams Lincoln, William Neace & David Collins - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (3):257-273.
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