Results for 'Stephen B. Simons'

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  1.  14
    Short Duration Repetitive Transcranial Electrical Stimulation During Sleep Enhances Declarative Memory of Facts.Nicola Cellini, Renee E. Shimizu, Patrick M. Connolly, Diana M. Armstrong, Lexus T. Hernandez, Anthony G. Polakiewicz, Rolando Estrada, Mario Aguilar-Simon, Michael P. Weisend, Sara C. Mednick & Stephen B. Simons - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  2.  31
    Closed-Loop Targeted Memory Reactivation during Sleep Improves Spatial Navigation.Renee E. Shimizu, Patrick M. Connolly, Nicola Cellini, Diana M. Armstrong, Lexus T. Hernandez, Rolando Estrada, Mario Aguilar, Michael P. Weisend, Sara C. Mednick & Stephen B. Simons - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  3.  79
    Predicting the difficulty of complex logical reasoning problems.Stephen E. Newstead, Peter Bradon, Simon J. Handley, Ian Dennis & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (1):62 – 90.
    The aim of the present research was to develop a difficulty model for logical reasoning problems involving complex ordered arrays used in the Graduate Record Examination. The approach used involved breaking down the problems into their basic cognitive elements such as the complexity of the rules used, the number of mental models required to represent the problem, and question type. Weightings for these different elements were derived from two experimental studies and from the reasoning literature. Based on these weights, difficulty (...)
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  4. Continental Genealogies. Mathematical confrontations in Albert Lautman and Gaston Bachelard. Translated by Simon B. Duffy and Stephen W. Sawyer.Charles Alunni - 2006 - In Simon B. Duffy (ed.), Virtual Mathematics: the logic of difference. Clinamen.
    In October 1984, Bruno Huisman stated with regards to Jean Cavaillès, ‘Let us be honest, or at least realistic: today, one can be a professor of philosophy without ever having read a single line of Cavaillès. Often invoked, sometimes quoted, the oeuvre of Cavaillès is little attended for itself’ (Huisman 1984). As for Albert Lautman, it would seem that the situation is even more extreme. In 1994, the publisher Hermann, under the impetus of Bruno Huisman and George Canguilhem, collected almost (...)
     
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  5.  6
    Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Cutting Edge Technologies, Artificial Intelligence, Neuromodulation, Neuroethics, Pain, Interventional Psychiatry, Epilepsy, and Traumatic Brain Injury.Joshua K. Wong, Günther Deuschl, Robin Wolke, Hagai Bergman, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Sergiu Groppa, Sameer A. Sheth, Helen M. Bronte-Stewart, Kevin B. Wilkins, Matthew N. Petrucci, Emilia Lambert, Yasmine Kehnemouyi, Philip A. Starr, Simon Little, Juan Anso, Ro’ee Gilron, Lawrence Poree, Giridhar P. Kalamangalam, Gregory A. Worrell, Kai J. Miller, Nicholas D. Schiff, Christopher R. Butson, Jaimie M. Henderson, Jack W. Judy, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Kelly D. Foote, Peter A. Silburn, Luming Li, Genko Oyama, Hikaru Kamo, Satoko Sekimoto, Nobutaka Hattori, James J. Giordano, Diane DiEuliis, John R. Shook, Darin D. Doughtery, Alik S. Widge, Helen S. Mayberg, Jungho Cha, Kisueng Choi, Stephen Heisig, Mosadolu Obatusin, Enrico Opri, Scott B. Kaufman, Prasad Shirvalkar, Christopher J. Rozell, Sankaraleengam Alagapan, Robert S. Raike, Hemant Bokil, David Green & Michael S. Okun - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    DBS Think Tank IX was held on August 25–27, 2021 in Orlando FL with US based participants largely in person and overseas participants joining by video conferencing technology. The DBS Think Tank was founded in 2012 and provides an open platform where clinicians, engineers and researchers can freely discuss current and emerging deep brain stimulation technologies as well as the logistical and ethical issues facing the field. The consensus among the DBS Think Tank IX speakers was that DBS expanded in (...)
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  6. Common genetic variants in the CLDN2 and PRSS1-PRSS2 loci alter risk for alcohol-related and sporadic pancreatitis.David C. Whitcomb, Jessica LaRusch, Alyssa M. Krasinskas, Lambertus Klei, Jill P. Smith, Randall E. Brand, John P. Neoptolemos, Markus M. Lerch, Matt Tector, Bimaljit S. Sandhu, Nalini M. Guda, Lidiya Orlichenko, Samer Alkaade, Stephen T. Amann, Michelle A. Anderson, John Baillie, Peter A. Banks, Darwin Conwell, Gregory A. Coté, Peter B. Cotton, James DiSario, Lindsay A. Farrer, Chris E. Forsmark, Marianne Johnstone, Timothy B. Gardner, Andres Gelrud, William Greenhalf, Jonathan L. Haines, Douglas J. Hartman, Robert A. Hawes, Christopher Lawrence, Michele Lewis, Julia Mayerle, Richard Mayeux, Nadine M. Melhem, Mary E. Money, Thiruvengadam Muniraj, Georgios I. Papachristou, Margaret A. Pericak-Vance, Joseph Romagnuolo, Gerard D. Schellenberg, Stuart Sherman, Peter Simon, Vijay P. Singh, Adam Slivka, Donna Stolz, Robert Sutton, Frank Ulrich Weiss, C. Mel Wilcox, Narcis Octavian Zarnescu, Stephen R. Wisniewski, Michael R. O'Connell, Michelle L. Kienholz, Kathryn Roeder & M. Micha Barmada - unknown
    Pancreatitis is a complex, progressively destructive inflammatory disorder. Alcohol was long thought to be the primary causative agent, but genetic contributions have been of interest since the discovery that rare PRSS1, CFTR and SPINK1 variants were associated with pancreatitis risk. We now report two associations at genome-wide significance identified and replicated at PRSS1-PRSS2 and X-linked CLDN2 through a two-stage genome-wide study. The PRSS1 variant likely affects disease susceptibility by altering expression of the primary trypsinogen gene. The CLDN2 risk allele is (...)
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  7.  11
    Gold Stripe on a Jackass: The Quest for Moral Efficiency.Stephen B. Sloane - 2008 - Hamilton Books.
    Gold Stripe on a Jackass is a conceptually rich description of one naval officer's career journey. Author Stephen B. Sloane began his career in Annapolis, where the commandment of obedience holds sway, and finished in Berkeley, a place where questioning authority is woven deeply into the cultural fabric.
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  8. Constants in Context: A Theology of Mission for Today.Stephen B. Bevans & Roger P. Schroeder - 2004
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  9.  34
    The siren song of implicit change detection.Stephen R. Mitroff, Daniel J. Simons & Steven Franconeri - 2002 - Journal Of Experimental Psychology-Human Perception And Performance 28 (4):798-815.
  10.  89
    Follow the Money: Engineering at Stanford and UC Berkeley During the Rise of Silicon Valley.Stephen B. Adams - 2009 - Minerva 47 (4):367-390.
    A comparison of the engineering schools at UC Berkeley and Stanford during the 1940s and 1950s shows that having an excellent academic program is necessary but not sufficient to make a university entrepreneurial. Key factors that made Stanford more entrepreneurial than Cal during this period were superior leadership and a focused strategy. The broader institutional context mattered as well. Stanford did not have the same access to state funding as public universities and some private universities. Therefore, in order to gather (...)
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  11. Changes are not localized before they are explicitly detected.Stephen R. Mitroff & Daniel J. Simons - 2000 - Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 41 (4).
  12.  40
    Whose knowledge, whose genes, whose rights?Stephen B. Brush - 2011 - In Sandra G. Harding (ed.), The Postcolonial Science and Technology Studies Reader. Duke University Press. pp. 225.
  13.  34
    Liberation Theology’s Critique of the Developmentalist Worldview: Implications for Religious Environmental Engagement.Stephen B. Scharper - 2006 - Environmental Philosophy 3 (1):47-69.
    As the world’s religious communities become more involved in environmental concerns, the question arises as to whether their most significant contributions are in the realm of worldviews, doctrine, and cosmology, or rather in the realm of political and economic critique and an articulation of social justice concerns arising from ecological despoliation. After reviewing liberation theology’s early critique of economic developmentalism, as well as its more recent treatment of ecological concerns, this paper suggests that liberation theology is in fact positing a (...)
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  14.  28
    STEPHEN B. JOHNSON, The Secret of Apollo: Systems Management in American and European Space Programs. New Series in NASA History. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. Pp. xvii+290. ISBN 0-8018-6898-X. £30.50 . JOHN M. LOGSDON , Exploring the Unknown: Selected Documents in the History of the U.S. Civil Space Program. Volume V: Exploring the Cosmos. NASA History Series. Washington: NASA, 2001. Pp. xxviii+796. ISBN 0-16-061774-X. No price given . DOUGLAS J. MUDGWAY, Uplink-Downlink: A History of the Deep Space Network 1957–1997. NASA History Series. Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration Office of External Relations, 2001. Pp. xlviii+674. ISBN 0-16-066599-X. $82.00 , $102.50. [REVIEW]Jon Agar - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (2):231-233.
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  15.  34
    James Tartaglia, Philosophy in a Meaningless Life: A System of Nihilism, Consciousness and Reality. Reviewed by. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Hawkins - 2017 - Philosophy in Review 37 (1):41-43.
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  16.  21
    Paul Fairfield. Death: A Philosophical Inquiry. Reviewed by. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Hawkins - 2016 - Philosophy in Review 36 (2):73-75.
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  17.  88
    Ethical decision-making in business: Behavioral issues and concerns. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Knouse & Robert A. Giacalone - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (5-6):369 - 377.
    This article examines selected behavioral aspects of ethical decision making within a business context. Three categories of antecedents to ethical decision behaviors (individual differences, interpersonal variables, and organizational variables) are examined and propositions are offered. Moral development theory and expectancy theory are then explored as possible bases for a theory of ethical decision making. Finally, means of improving ethical decision making in firms are explored.
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  18.  5
    Religion and Dialogue: Textuality, Rationality and the Re-imagining of the Public Sphere.Stephen B. Roberts - unknown
    Socially and politically significant Muslim communities are posing a challenge to the public spheres of Western Europe: can public reason in a liberal democracy be so conceived as to accommodate the religious reasons of Muslims and other religiously motivated citizens? This question, often discussed from the perspective either of political philosophy or of particular religious traditions, is addressed here instead by drawing on the theory and practice of inter-religious dialogue. The dialogue movement known as ‘scriptural reasoning’ is analysed for its (...)
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  19.  71
    Truth, consequences and culture: A comparative examination of cheating and attitudes about cheating among U.s. And U.k. Students. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Salter, Daryl M. Guffey & Jeffrey J. McMillan - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (1):37-50.
    As Post observes, accounting firms are unique among multinationals. They are more likely than firms in almost any other category to go abroad. They also have less choice in location as their expansion is determined largely by the desired locations of their clients. Given the widespread global presence of such firms, it can be argued that the global audit firm is uniquely at risk from variations in ethical perceptions across nations. This study extends the U.S. accounting literature on determinants of (...)
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  20. "Theoretical Logic in Sociology", vol. 3: "The Classical Attempt at Theoretical Synthesis: Max Weber" by Jeffrey C. Alexander.Stephen B. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (3):365.
     
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  21.  38
    Fiduciary Duties as a Helpful Guide to Ethical Decision-Making in Business.Stephen B. Young - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (1):1-15.
  22.  94
    Desire and natural classification: Aristotle and Peirce on final cause.Stephen B. Hawkins - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):521 - 541.
    Peirce was greatly influenced by Aristotle, particularly on the topic of final cause. Commentators are therefore right to draw on Aristotle in the interpretation of Peirce's teleology. But these commentators sometimes fail to distinguish clearly between formal cause and final cause in Aristotle's philosophy. Unless form and end are clearly distinguished, no sense can be made of Peirce's important claim that 'desires create classes.' Understood in the context of his teleology, this claim may be considered Peirce's answer to nominalists and (...)
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  23. Gardiner, Caney, Jamieson and Shue, eds. Climate Ethics: Essential Readings, Oxford.Stephen Gardiner, Simon Caney, Dale Jamieson & Henry Shue (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    A collection of seminal articles in climate ethics and climate justice.
     
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  24.  3
    Global–Local Incompatibility: The Misperception of Reliability in Judgment Regarding Global Variables.Stephen B. Broomell - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (4).
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  25.  15
    Prescriptivism and incompleteness.Stephen B. Torrance - 1981 - Mind 90 (360):580-585.
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  26.  3
    Valuing Local Knowledge: Indigenous People And Intellectual Property Rights.Doreen Stabinsky & Stephen B. Brush (eds.) - 1996 - Island Press.
    Currently the focus of a heated debate among indigenous peoples, human rights advocates, crop breeders, pharmaceutical companies, conservationists, social scientists, and lawyers, the proposal would allow impoverished people in biologically rich areas to realize an economic return from resources under their care. Monetary compensation could both validate their knowledge and provide them with an equitable reward for sharing it, thereby compensating biological stewardship and encouraging conservation.
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  27.  26
    Law in Context.Stephen Bottomley & Simon Bronitt (eds.) - 2006 - Federation Press.
    This fourth edition of Law in Context not only updates the text by reference to the latest thinking and developments in the broad area of 'law in context', but also introduces readers to the wider social, political and regulatory contexts of law.Bottomley and Bronitt, as in previous editions, expose readers to the multitude of contexts (some explicit, others implicit) that affect how law is made, broken and enforced by the state or individual citizens. The fundamental ideals of law - such (...)
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  28.  13
    Stephen B. Johnson . Space Exploration and Humanity: A Historical Encyclopedia. 2 volumes. lvi + 740 pp.; xxi + 576 pp., illus., bibl., index. Santa Barbara: ABC‐CLIO, 2010. $180. [REVIEW]Jordan D. Marché - 2011 - Isis 102 (4):805-806.
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  29.  23
    Are there fundamental differences in the peripheral mechanisms of visceral and somatic pain?Stephen B. McMahon - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):381-391.
    There are some conspicuous differences between the sensibilities of cutaneous and visceral tissues: (1) Direct trauma, which readily produces pain when applied to the skin, is mostly without effect in healthy visceral tissue. (2) Pain that arises from visceral tissues is initially often poorly localised and diffuse. (3) With time, visceral pains are often referred to more superficial structures. (4) The site of referred pain may also show hyperalgesia. (5) In disease states, the afflicted viscera may also become hyperalgesic. In (...)
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  30.  21
    Predictors of HIV/AIDS among individuals with tuberculosis: health and policy implications.Stephen B. Kennedy, James Campbell & Bernard Malanda - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (1):101-106.
  31.  22
    Effectiveness of a brief condom promotion program in reducing risky sexual behaviours among African American men.Stephen B. Kennedy, Sherry Nolen, Zhenfeng Pan, Betty Smith, Jeffrey Applewhite & Kenneth J. Vanderhoff - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (2):408-413.
  32.  2
    Transcriptional regulation: a new dominion for inositol phosphate signaling?Stephen B. Shears - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (9):786-789.
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  33.  16
    Mercuric chloride influence on active-avoidance acquisition in rats.Stephen B. Klein & Elizabeth J. Atkinson - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (6):437-438.
  34.  12
    David A. Mindell. Between Human and Machine: Feedback, Control, and Computing before Cybernetics. xiv+439 pp., illus., bibl., index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. $46. [REVIEW]Stephen B. Johnson - 2003 - Isis 94 (4):698-699.
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  35.  8
    Effects of arousal on cognitive control: empirical tests of the conflict-modulated Hebbian-learning hypothesis.Stephen B. R. E. Brown, Henk van Steenbergen, Tomer Kedar & Sander Nieuwenhuis - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  36.  26
    Elemental Earth: Heidegger, Trakl, and German Poets: “Something Strange is the Soul on Earth”.Stephen B. Hatton - 2016 - Environment, Space, Place 8 (2):123-139.
    Philosopher Martin Heidegger and German poets who evoke nature offer excellent introductions to elemental earth. Those poets privilege earth among the elements using their earthy language. Heidegger views earth as the hidden ground of things. The article approaches elemental earth through Heidegger’s analysis of what he views as Georg Trakl’s crucial line of poetry about earth: “something strange is the soul on earth.” Heidegger stresses the soul as the stranger. In contrast, this article argues that on the basis of a (...)
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  37. Attention capture, orienting, and awareness.Steven B. Most & Daniel J. Simons - 2001 - In Charles L. Folk & Bradley S. Gibson (eds.), Attraction, Distraction and Action: Multiple Perspectives on Attentional Capture. Advances in Psychology. Elsevier. pp. 151-173.
  38.  17
    Effects of pretask frequency and conjunctive rule information on concept identification.Stephen B. Walters, Stephen W. Schmidt, Robert Bornstein & Raymond M. White - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):351.
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  39.  2
    Simplicity From Complexity in Vertebrate Behavior: Macphail (1987) Revisited.Stephen B. Fountain, Katherine H. Dyer & Claire C. Jackman - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  40.  17
    Elegant studies of transplant-derived repair of cognitive performance.Stephen B. Dunnett & Eduardo M. Torres - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):57-57.
    Cholinergic-rich grafts have been shown to be effective in restoring maze-learning deficits in rats with lesions of the forebrain cholinergic projection system. However, the relevance of those studies to developing novel therapies for Alzheimer's disease is questioned.
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  41. Polarization and Belief Dynamics in the Black and White Communities: An Agent-Based Network Model from the Data.Patrick Grim, Stephen B. Thomas, Stephen Fisher, Christopher Reade, Daniel J. Singer, Mary A. Garza, Craig S. Fryer & Jamie Chatman - 2012 - In Christoph Adami, David M. Bryson, Charles Offria & Robert T. Pennock (eds.), Artificial Life 13. MIT Press.
    Public health care interventions—regarding vaccination, obesity, and HIV, for example—standardly take the form of information dissemination across a community. But information networks can vary importantly between different ethnic communities, as can levels of trust in information from different sources. We use data from the Greater Pittsburgh Random Household Health Survey to construct models of information networks for White and Black communities--models which reflect the degree of information contact between individuals, with degrees of trust in information from various sources correlated with (...)
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  42.  9
    Multiple potential mechanisms of graft action is not a new idea.Stephen B. Dunnett - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):56-57.
    It is well established that neural grafts can exert functional effects on the host animal by a multiplicity of different mechanisms – by diffuse release of trophic molecules, neurohormones, and deficient neurotransmitters, as well as by growth and reformation of neural circuits. Our challenge is to understand how these different mechanisms complement each other.
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  43. Should divorcing parties have a lawyer to represent each of them during mediation?Divorce Mediation, Stephen B. Goldberg, Eric D. Green & Frank Ea Sander - 1985 - In Norman E. Bowie (ed.), Making Ethical Decisions. Mcgraw-Hill. pp. 5.
     
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  44.  23
    Willingness to report unethical behavior in exit surveys.Robert A. Giacalone, Stephen B. Knouse & Hinda G. Pollard - 1999 - Teaching Business Ethics 3 (4):307-319.
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  45.  11
    B. Balcar and F. Franek. Independent families in complete Boolean algebras_. _Transactions of the American Mathematical Society_, vol. 274 (1982), pp. 607–618. - Bohuslav Balcar, Jan Pelant, and Petr Simon. _The space of ultrafilters on N covered by nowhere dense sets_. Fundamenta mathematicae, vol. 110 (1980), pp. 11–24. - Boban Velickovic. _OCA and automorphisms of P(ω)/fin. Topology and its applications, vol. 49 (1993), pp. 1–13.Klaas Pieter Hart, B. Balcar, F. Franek, Bohuslav Balcar, Jan Pelant, Petr Simon & Boban Velickovic - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (4):554.
  46.  4
    Stakeholder views on the acceptability of human infection studies in Malawi.Kate Gooding, Stephen B. Gordon, Michael Parker, Rodrick Sambakunsi, Markus Gmeiner, Jamie Rylance, Kondwani Jambo & Blessings M. Kapumba - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-15.
    BackgroundHuman infection studies are valuable in vaccine development. Deliberate infection, however, creates challenging questions, particularly in low and middle-income countries where HIS are new and ethical challenges may be heightened. Consultation with stakeholders is needed to support contextually appropriate and acceptable study design. We examined stakeholder perceptions about the acceptability and ethics of HIS in Malawi, to inform decisions about planned pneumococcal challenge research and wider understanding of HIS ethics in LMICs.MethodsWe conducted 6 deliberative focus groups and 15 follow-up interviews (...)
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  47.  4
    Context effects in letter perception: Comparison of two theories.Howard B. Richman & Herbert A. Simon - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (3):417-432.
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  48.  56
    Justifying wrongful employee behavior: The role of personality in organizational sabotage. [REVIEW]Robert A. Giacalone & Stephen B. Knouse - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):55 - 61.
    The role that personality plays in the justification of organizational sabotage behavior was examined. In a two phase study, 120 business students were first surveyed to create a list of 51 methods of sabotage. In the second phase, 274 other business students rated justifiability of the 51 methods and completed Machiavellian and hostility scales. A factor analysis of the justification ratings yielded four factors: (1) methods of sabotaging company profits and production, (2) informational sabotage, (3) violent and illegal methods, and (...)
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  49.  20
    Importance of the advance directive and the beginning of the dying process from the point of view of German doctors and judges dealing with guardianship matters: results of an empirical survey.B. van Oorschot & A. Simon - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (11):623-626.
    Objectives: To analyse and compare the surveys on German doctors and judges on end of life decision making regarding their attitudes on the advance directive and on the dying process.Design: The respondents were to indicate their agreement or disagreement to eight statements on the advance directive and to specify their personal view on the beginning of the dying process.Participants: 727 doctors in three federal states and 469 judges dealing with guardianship matters all over Germany.Main measurements: Comparisons of means, analyses of (...)
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  50. Change blindness blindness: The metacognitive error of overestimating change-detection ability.Daniel T. Levin, Nausheen Momen, Sarah B. Drivdahl & Daniel J. Simons - 2000 - Visual Cognition 7 (1):397-412.
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