Results for 'Stephen Brammer Johanne Grosvold'

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  1.  19
    Women on Corporate Boards: A Comparative Institutional Analysis.Stephen Brammer, Bruce Rayton & Johanne Grosvold - 2016 - Business and Society 55 (8):1157-1196.
    How do a country’s basic institutions enable or hinder women’s rise to the boards of public companies? The study evaluates this question with reference to the five basic institutions that research suggests are common across all countries: family, education, economy, government, and religion. The study draws on a sample, which consists of 23 countries, and the study is framed in neo-institutional theory. In analyzing the role of these institutions, the article seeks to understand better the relationships between specific institutions and (...)
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  2.  38
    Board Diversity in the United Kingdom and Norway: An Exploratory Analysis.Johanne Grosvold, Stephen Brammer & Bruce Rayton - 2007 - Business Ethics 16 (4):344–357.
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  3.  8
    Board Diversity in the United Kingdom and Norway: An Exploratory Analysis.Johanne Grosvold, Stephen Brammer & Bruce Rayton - 2007 - Business Ethics: A European Review 16 (4):344-357.
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  4.  27
    Women on Corporate Boards.Johanne Grosvold & Stephen Brammer - 2007 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:345-350.
    In this article we explore the influences upon the proportion of women on a country’s corporate boards. Using a conceptual framework that builds uponnational business systems theory, we investigate the extent to which national economic, cultural, political and social institutions explain cross-country variationin the gender composition of corporate elites. In the context of a sample drawn from over 40 countries, our empirical analysis shows that such institutionscollectively explain approximately two-thirds of the variance between countries in the percentage of women on (...)
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  5.  22
    Country, Industry, and Firm-Level Influences on the Prevalence of Women on Corporate Boards.Johanne Grosvold & Stephen Brammer - 2009 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 20:261-277.
    Prior research that analyses the cross-firm variation in the prevalence of women on corporate boards has tended to emphasise the importance of firm and industry-level factors, such as firm size, the quality of corporate governance, and the proximity to final consumers. In contrast, very little research has explored the role of national institutional factors for this important phenomenon. In this study, we explore the relative importance of country, industry, and firm-level factors in explaining the cross-firm variation in the proportion of (...)
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  6.  18
    Country Institutional Context as an Antecedent of Female Board Representation.Johanne Grosvold & Stephen Brammer - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:395-408.
    In this study, we set out to examine the role played by country institutional environments in explaining cross-country variation in the prevalence of women on corporate boards of directors. In order to address this question, we compare the predictive power and substantive implications of four existing typologies of national institutional environments due to Hall and Soskice (2001), La Porta et al., (1999), Weimar and Pape’s (1999), and Whitley (1991, 1996, 1999). These frameworks encapsulate a variety of national institutionalcharacteristics and provide (...)
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  7.  61
    Corporate Reputation and Philanthropy: An Empirical Analysis.Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (1):29-44.
    This paper analyzes the determinants of corporate reputation within a sample of large UK companies drawn from a diverse range of industries. We pay particular attention to the role that philanthropic expenditures and policies may play in shaping the perceptions of companies among their stakeholders. Our findings highlight that companies which make higher levels of philanthropic expenditures have better reputations and that this effect varies significantly across industries. Given that reputational indices tend to reflect the financial performance of organizations above (...)
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  8.  31
    Firm Size, Organizational Visibility and Corporate Philanthropy: An Empirical Analysis.Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2006 - Business Ethics 15 (1):6–18.
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  9.  20
    Enhancing the Impact of Cross-Sector Partnerships: Four Impact Loops for Channeling Partnership Studies.Rob van Tulder, M. May Seitanidi, Andrew Crane & Stephen Brammer - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (1):1-17.
    This paper addresses the topic of this special symposium issue: how to enhance the impact of cross-sector partnerships. The paper takes stock of two related discussions: the discourse in cross-sector partnership research on how to assess impact and the discourse in impact assessment research on how to deal with more complex organizations and projects. We argue that there is growing need and recognition for cross-fertilization between the two areas. Cross-sector partnerships are reaching a paradigmatic status in society, but both research (...)
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  10.  8
    Firm Size, Organizational Visibility and Corporate Philanthropy: An Empirical Analysis.Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2006 - Business Ethics: A European Review 15 (1):6-18.
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  11.  7
    Enhancing the Impact of Cross-Sector Partnerships.Stephen Brammer, Andrew Crane, M. Seitanidi & Rob Tulder - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (1):1-17.
    This paper addresses the topic of this special symposium issue: how to enhance the impact of cross-sector partnerships. The paper takes stock of two related discussions: the discourse in cross-sector partnership research on how to assess impact and the discourse in impact assessment research on how to deal with more complex organizations and projects. We argue that there is growing need and recognition for cross-fertilization between the two areas. Cross-sector partnerships are reaching a paradigmatic status in society, but both research (...)
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  12. An Empirical Examination of Institutional Investor Preferences for Corporate Social Performance.Paul Cox, Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (1):27-43.
    This study investigates the pattern of institutional shareholding in the U.K. and its relationship with socially responsible behavior by companies within a sample of over 500 UK companies. We estimate a set of ownership models that distinguish between long- and short-term investors and their largest components and which incorporate both aggregated and disaggregated measures of corporate social performance (CSP). The results suggest that long-term institutional investment is positively related to CSP providing further support for earlier studies by Johnson and Greening (...)
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  13.  48
    The Effect of Stakeholder Preferences, Organizational Structure and Industry Type on Corporate Community Involvement.Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (3):213 - 226.
    This paper analyses the relationships between corporate community involvement activities, the organizational structures within which they are managed, the firm's industry and evolving stakeholder attitudes and preferences in a sample of 148 U.K. based firms who have demonstrated a clear desire to be socially responsible. The research highlights significant associations between the allocation of responsibility for community involvement within the firm, its industry and the extent of its community involvement activities. Consistent with the view that managerial structures may play a (...)
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  14.  19
    Voluntary Social Disclosures by Large UK Companies.Stephen Brammer & Stephen Pavelin - 2004 - Business Ethics 13 (2-3):86-99.
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  15.  6
    Voluntary Social Disclosures by Large UK Companies.Stephen Brammer & Stephen Pavelin - 2004 - Business Ethics: A European Review 13 (2-3):86-99.
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  16.  14
    Is Philanthropy Strategic? An Analysis of the Management of Charitable Giving in Large UK Companies.Stephen Brammer, Andrew Millington & Stephen Pavelin - 2006 - Business Ethics 15 (3):234–245.
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  17.  4
    Is Philanthropy Strategic? An Analysis of the Management of Charitable Giving in Large UK Companies.Stephen Brammer, Andrew Millington & Stephen Pavelin - 2006 - Business Ethics: A European Review 15 (3):234-245.
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  18.  10
    Business Ethis Quarterly Twentieth Anniversary Forum, Part I: New Directions for Business New Directions in Strategic Management and Business Ethics.Heather Elms, Stephen Brammer, Jared D. Harris & Robert A. Phillips - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):401.
    This essay attempts to provide a useful research agenda for researchers in both strategic management and business ethics. We motivate this agenda by suggesting that the two fields started with similar interests, diverged, and are beginning to converge again. We then identify several streams that hold particular promise for developing our understanding of the relationship between strategy and ethics: stakeholder theory, managerial discretion, behavioral strategy, strategy as practice, and environmental sustainability.
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  19.  39
    Corporate Community Contributions in the United Kingdom and the United States.Stephen Brammer & Stephen Pavelin - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 56 (1):15-26.
    We address the issue of UK firms relatively poor record of corporate community contributions (CCCs) by subjecting them to formal comparison with those of US firms. To this end, we employ data on the top 100 UK, and top 100 US, contributors in 2001. Cross-country differences are described and discussed with reference to a stakeholder perspective on corporate social responsibility, and CCCs in particular. In this connection, we evaluate the role played by the sectoral composition of activities, as well as (...)
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  20.  6
    Stakeholder Pressure, Organizational Size, and the Allocation of Departmental Responsibility for the Management of Corporate Charitable Giving.Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2004 - Business and Society 43 (3):268-295.
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  21.  22
    The Evolution of Corporate Charitable Contributions in the UK Between 1989 and 1999: Industry Structure and Stakeholder Influences. [REVIEW]Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2003 - Business Ethics 12 (3):216–228.
  22.  6
    The Evolution of Corporate Charitable Contributions in the UK Between 1989 and 1999: Industry Structure and Stakeholder Influences. [REVIEW]Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2003 - Business Ethics: A European Review 12 (3):216-228.
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  23.  19
    Corporate Social Performance and Geographical Diversification.Stephen Brammer, Stephen Pavelin & Lynda Porter - 2005 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:81-86.
    This paper investigates an under-researched relationship, that between corporate social performance (CSP) and geographical diversification. Drawingupon the institutional and stakeholder perspectives and utilising data on a sample of large UK firms, we develop a set of empirical models of CSP, and findevidence of a significant contemporaneous positive relationship between the two for some types of social performance and in some regions of the world. Overall,we provide evidence that firms shape their social performance strategies to their geographical profile.
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  24.  17
    Governance and Virtue: The Case of Public Order Policing.Kevin Morrell & Stephen Brammer - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (2):385-398.
    For Aristotle, virtues are neither transcendent nor universal, but socially interdependent; they need to be understood chronologically and with respect to character and context. This paper uses an Aristotelian lens to analyse an especially interesting context in which to study virtue—the state’s response when social order breaks down. During such periods, questions relating to right action by citizens, the state, and state agents are pronounced. To study this, we analyse data from interviews, observation, and documents gathered during a 3-year study (...)
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  25.  46
    Explaining the Process of Corporate Community Involvement Through the Perspective of the Behavioral Theory of the Firm.Bilge Uyan-Atay, Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2009 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 20:55-67.
    In this study, we aim to illustrate the process of corporate community involvement (CCI) decision-making and the choice of corporate community involvement behaviors within the confines of behavioral theory of the firm. Case study approach will be taken for this study. Four different genres of companies are chosen in Turkey (e.g. multinational, holding company, subsidiary, joint venture). Five core concepts of the behavioral theory of the firm are studied and analyzed based on the findings related to corporate community involvement decisions (...)
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  26.  29
    The Longitudinal Development of Corporate Environmental Strategy in the U.S.Frederik Dahlmann & Stephen Brammer - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:343-359.
    Anecdotal evidence seems to suggest that firms are responding differently to the mounting concerns over environmental degradation and climate change. While a few studies at individual firm level do exist, relatively little is known about the longitudinal development of corporate environmental strategy at the population level of firms. Employing KLD data we explore the evolution of environmental strategy among a sample of S&P500 corporations over the period 1997 to 2006. We theoretically ground our study in Burgelman’s (1991) autonomous and induced (...)
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  27.  12
    Managing Carbon Aspirations: The Influence of Corporate Climate Change Targets on Environmental Performance.Stephen Brammer, Layla Branicki & Frederik Dahlmann - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (1):1-24.
    Addressing climate change is among the most challenging ethical issues facing contemporary business and society. Unsustainable business activities are causing significant distributional and procedural injustices in areas such as public health and vulnerability to extreme weather events, primarily because of a distinction between primary emitters and those already experiencing the impacts of climate change. Business, as a significant contributor to climate change and beneficiary of externalizing environmental costs, has an obligation to address its environmental impacts. In this paper, we explore (...)
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  28.  19
    Corporate Community Involvment in Turkey.Bilge Uyan-Atay, Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:256-268.
    In this paper we provide the first comprehensive insight into corporate community involvement activities of companies in Turkey. Drawing upon an extensive database compiled from corporate websites and archive documents in addition to a primary survey of 77 of Turkey’s largest companies, we examine the pattern of corporate community activities in Turkey and juxtapose these against existing evidence for other countries and distinctive elements of Turkey’s institutional environment. Our analysis highlights the historical role played by leading philanthropists in stimulating corporate (...)
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  29.  22
    Why Do Companies Make Philanthropic Donations?Stephen Brammer & Lance Moir - 2005 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:75-80.
    This paper analyses the areas of philanthropic expenditure prioritized by a sample of 164 large UK companies within a model that draws on economics and stakeholder theory. Broadly, our evidence suggests that firms make systematic choices over the alternative destinations of their philanthropic donations in ways that are rationalisable by reference to the particular strategic benefits that are associated with their business environments. Specifically, we identify statistically significant preferences for medical research among hitechnology companies, environmental causes among firms active in (...)
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  30.  22
    Industry Life Cycle and Responsible Procurement.Stefan Hoejmose, Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2009 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 20:133-145.
    Different stages of the product and industry life cycle has been argued to be an important factor in shaping firms’ strategic actions, as the life cycle influence the firms’ sales, profit, product innovation, marketing mix and differentiation strategies. Drawing on the theory of industry life cycle , this article examines how the ILC influences firms’ corporate social responsibility performance in the context of global procurement transactions. The findings suggest that mature industries have much greater levels of responsible procurement processes, compared (...)
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  31.  20
    Advantages and Disadvantages of Socially and Environmentally Sustainable Procurement Practices in the Public and Private Sectors.Charles Oldroyd, Johanne Grosvold & Andrew Millington - 2011 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 22:391-396.
  32.  16
    Reducing Carbon Emissions Worldwide.Frederik Dahlmann & Stephen Brammer - 2013 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 24:144-152.
    This paper prepares an investigation into environmental performance among multinational enterprises in the context of greenhouse gas emissions. The authors offer a theoretical background about how MNCs are faced with opposing choices with regard to standardising or adjusting their local environmental performances. Moreover, we outline a potential methodology for exploring the variation in MNCs’ levels of greenhouse gas emissions around the world.
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  33.  15
    Supply Chain Management and the Natural Environment.Frederik Dahlmann, Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2007 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:306-311.
    In this article we explore the state of current ESCM practices in U.K. companies. We develop a conceptual framework that draws upon the stakeholder,resource-based, and power-dependence perspectives and examine this framework in light of empirical evidence concerning ESCM in 166 UK companies. Using a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, our evidence suggests that around 50% of sample companies engage in some form of ESCM activity and that experiencing significant external pressure from customers is an important driver of ESCM.
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  34.  15
    The Effect of Isomorphic Pressure on Socially and Environmentally Responsible Procurement in the United Kingdom.Adam Adrien-Kirby, Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:93-101.
    This study assesses the impact had by institutional isomorphic pressures in the organisational fields of 185 businesses operating within the United Kingdom. The emphasis throughout is on how external institutions affect the socially and environmentally responsible aspects of an organization’s purchasing practice. Factor analyses and a linear regression model are employed to test the influence of these pressures. Initial findings suggest that what other industry participants are doing in this area is not as important in affecting the procurement practice of (...)
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  35.  20
    Competition, Strategy and Socially and Environmentally Responsible Procurement.Stefan Hoejmose, Stephen Brammer & Andrew Millington - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:102-112.
    This paper examines how competition and competitive strategy influence companies’ propensity to engage in socially and environmentally responsible procurement processes (SERP). We interview 141 British procurement managers, on their perception of their company’s competitive strategy and the competitive environment in which they operating in. In addition, participants were asked how important responsible procurement was for their overall business and their strategy.Our results suggest that companies that produce a differentiated product engage in relatively proactive SERP process, compared to their counterparties, who (...)
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  36.  17
    Environmental Management in Times of Crisis.Johanne Grosvold & Grosvold Dahlmann - 2010 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 21:105-120.
    This study sets out to evaluate the role and emerging salience of environmental managers in a longitudinal perspective through a series of interviews with UK based environmental managers. Our results suggest that coercive isomorphic pressures are particularly important in driving the increased salience of the environmental management role and that stakeholder pressures overall have increased since 2006 which has further contributed to the environmental management function emerging as central to the business organisation. Views on the impact of the financial crisis (...)
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  37.  12
    Corporate Philanthropy, Multinational Companies and Controversial Countries.Stephen Brammer, Stephen Pavelin & Lynda Porter - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:64-69.
    This paper investigates the degree to which corporate philanthropy is influenced by the extent to which a firm is internationalised and/or whether it hasoperations in one or more controversial countries. Utilising data on a sample of large UK firms, we find evidence of a positive effect not for internationalisation per se, but only for a presence in these controversial countries. More specifically, we find evidence that in this connection the salient feature of a country is a lack of political rights (...)
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  38.  9
    Disclosure and Organisational Learning in the Context of Environmental Performance.Frederik Dahlmann & Stephen Brammer - 2014 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 25:179-188.
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  39.  6
    Trying and Failing.Annie Powell, Johanne Grosvold & Andrew Millington - 2015 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 26:192-204.
    Organizations that do not implement espoused policies in practice face the risk of societal disapproval if the decoupling is exposed in an era of increased transparency and accountability expectations. While policy-practice decoupling remains an observed organizational outcome, organizations are becoming less inclined to deliberately adopt strategies of decoupling. Our first contribution to theory is an extended conceptual model which integrates both original accounts and recent developments in decoupling theory. Secondly we propose that decoupling is more often an unintended outcome of (...)
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  40.  7
    Corporate Governance Vs. Corporate Environmental Governance.Frederik Dahlmann & Stephen Brammer - 2013 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 24:153-162.
  41. Lectures and Essays, Ed. By L. Stephen and F. Pollock.William Kingdon Clifford & Leslie Stephen - 1879
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  42. Sir Leslie Stephen's Mausoleum Book.Leslie Stephen - 1977 - Oxford University Press UK.
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  43. Professor William Craig’s Criticisms of Critiques of Kalam Cosmological Arguments By Paul Davies, Stephen Hawking, and Adolf Grunbaum.Graham Oppy - 1995 - Faith and Philosophy 12 (2):237-250.
    Kalam cosmological arguments have recently been the subject of criticisms, at least inter alia, by physicists---Paul Davies, Stephen Hawking---and philosophers of science---Adolf Grunbaum. In a series of recent articles, William Craig has attempted to show that these criticisms are “superficial, iII-conceived, and based on misunderstanding.” I argue that, while some of the discussion of Davies and Hawking is not philosophically sophisticated, the points raised by Davies, Hawking and Grunbaum do suffice to undermine the dialectical efficacy of kalam cosmological arguments.
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  44. Stephen Davies, The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution (2013).John Powell - 2013 - Literature & Aesthetics 23 (2):1-1.
    This review article critiques Stephen Davies' The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution.
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  45.  16
    Sense Data and Logical Relations: Karin Costelloe-Stephen and Russell’s Critique of Bergson.Andreas Vrahimis - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-26.
    Though scholarship has explored Karin Costelloe-Stephen’s contributions to the history of psychoanalysis, as well as her relations to the Bloomsbury Group, her philosophical work has been almost completely ignored. This paper will examine her debate with Bertrand Russell over his criticism of Bergson. Costelloe-Stephen had employed the terminology of early analytic philosophy in presenting a number of arguments in defence of Bergson’s views. Costelloe-Stephen would object, among other things, to Russell’s use of an experiment which, as she (...)
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  46. What Does It Mean to Be a Mechanism? Stephen Morse, Non-Reductivism, and Mental Causation.Katrina L. Sifferd - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-17.
    Stephen Morse seems to have adopted a controversial position regarding the mindbody relationship: John Searle’s non-reductivism, which claims that conscious mental states are causal yet not reducible to their underlying brain states. Searle’s position has been roundly criticized, with some arguing the theory taken as a whole is incoherent. In this paper I review these criticisms and add my own, concluding that Searle’s position is indeed contradictory, both internally and with regard to Morse's other views. Thus I argue that (...)
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  47. Response to Stephen Law on the Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism.Calum Miller - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (1):147-152.
    Alvin Plantinga’s evolutionary argument against naturalism argues that the probability of our possessing reliable cognitive faculties, given the truth of evolution and naturalism, is low, and that this provides a defeater for naturalism, if the naturalist in question holds to the general truths of evolutionary biology. Stephen Law has recently objected to Plantinga’s evolutionary argument against naturalism by suggesting that there exist conceptual constraints governing the content a belief can have given its relationships to other things, including behaviour . (...)
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  48. Weight for Stephen Finlay.Daan Evers - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (3):737-749.
    According to Stephen Finlay, ‘A ought to X’ means that X-ing is more conducive to contextually salient ends than relevant alternatives. This in turn is analysed in terms of probability. I show why this theory of ‘ought’ is hard to square with a theory of a reason’s weight which could explain why ‘A ought to X’ logically entails that the balance of reasons favours that A X-es. I develop two theories of weight to illustrate my point. I first look (...)
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  49. Stephen Jay Gould.Massimo Pigliucci - 2007 - In T. Flynn (ed.), The New Encyclopedia of Unbelief. Prometheus.
    A brief biography of evolutionary biologist Stephen Jay Gould.
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  50.  78
    Stephen Davis’s Objection to the Second Ontological Argument.Bashar Alhoch - 2016 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 80 (1):3-9.
    Stephen Davis has argued that the second ontological argument fails as a theistic proof because it ignores the logical possibility of what he calls an ontologically impossible being. By an “ontologically impossible being” he means a being that does not exist, logically-possibly exists, and would exist necessarily if it existed. In this brief essay, I argue, first, that even if an OIB is logically possible, its logical possibility is irrelevant to the OA at issue; and second, that an OIB (...)
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