Results for 'Stephen E. Robbins'

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  1. Bergson and the Holographic Theory of Mind.Stephen E. Robbins - 2006 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 5 (3-4):365-394.
    Bergson’s model of time (1889) is perhaps the proto-phenomenological theory. It is part of a larger model of mind (1896) which can be seen in modern light as describing the brain as supporting a modulated wave within a holographic field, specifying the external image of the world, and wherein subject and object are differentiated not in terms of space, but of time. Bergson’s very concrete model is developed and deepened with Gibson’s ecological model of perception. It is applied to the (...)
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  2.  41
    On Time, Memory and Dynamic Form.Stephen E. Robbins - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):762-788.
    A common approach to explaining the perception of form is through the use of static features. The weakness of this approach points naturally to dynamic definitions of form. Considering dynamical form, however, leads inevitably to the need to explain how events are perceived as time-extended—a problem with primacy over that even of qualia. Optic flow models, energy models, models reliant on a rigidity constraint are examined. The reliance of these models on the instantaneous specification of form at an instant, t, (...)
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  3.  29
    Semantic Redintegration: Ecological Invariance.Stephen E. Robbins - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):726-727.
    In proposing that their model can operate in the concrete, perceptual world, Rogers & McClelland (R&M) have not done justice to the complexities of the ecological sphere and its invariance laws. The structure of concrete events forces a different framework, both for retrieval of events and concepts defined across events, than that upon which the proposed model, rooted in essence in the verbal learning tradition, implicitly rests.
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  4.  51
    Bergson, Perception and Gibson.Stephen E. Robbins - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (5):23-45.
    Bergson's 1896 theory of perception/memory assumed a framework anticipating the quantum revolution in physics, the still unrealized implications of this framework contributing to the large neglect of Bergson today. The basics of his model are explored, including the physical concepts he advanced before the crisis in classical physics, his concept of perception as ‘virtual action’ with its relativistic implications, and his unique explication of the subject/object relationship. All form the basis for his solution to the ‘hard’ problem. The relation between (...)
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  5.  42
    The Cost of Explicit Memory.Stephen E. Robbins - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):33-66.
    Within Piaget there is an implicit theory of the development of explicit memory. It rests in the dynamical trajectory underlying the development of causality, object, space and time – a complex (COST) supporting a symbolic relationship integral to the explicit. Cassirer noted the same dependency in the phenomena of aphasias, insisting that a symbolic function is being undermined in these deficits. This is particularly critical given the reassessment of Piaget’s stages as the natural bifurcations of a self-organizing dynamic system. The (...)
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  6.  21
    Is Experience Stored in the Brain? A Current Model of Memory and the Temporal Metaphysic of Bergson. [REVIEW]Stephen E. Robbins - 2021 - Axiomathes 31 (1):15-43.
    In discussion on consciousness and the hard problem, there is an unquestioned background assumption, namely, our experience is stored in the brain. Yet Bergson argued that this very question, “Is experience stored in the brain?” is the critical issue in the problem of consciousness. His examination of then-current memory research led him, save for motor or procedural memory, to a “no” answer. Others, for example Sheldrake, have continued this negative assessment of the research findings. So, has this assumption actually been (...)
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  7.  48
    Virtual Action: O'Regan & Noë Meet Bergson.Stephen E. Robbins - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):906-907.
    Bergson, writing in 1896, anticipated “sensorimotor contingencies” under the concept that perception is “virtual action.” But to explain the external image, he embedded this concept in a holographic framework where time-motion is an indivisible and the relation of subject/object is in terms of time. The target article's account of qualitative visual experience falls short for lack of this larger framework. [Objects] send back, then, to my body, as would a mirror, their eventual influence; they take rank in an order corresponding (...)
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  8. Meditation on a Mousetrap: On Consciousness and Cognition, Evolution, and Time.Stephen E. Robbins - 2012 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 33 (1):69.
    Evolutionary theory has yet to offer a detailed model of the complex transitions from a living system of one design to another of more advanced, or simply different, design. Hidden within the writings of evolution's expositors is an implicit appeal to AI-like processes operating within the "cosmic machine" that has hitherto been evolving the plethora of functional living systems we observe. In these writings, there is disturbingly little understanding of the deep problems involved, resting as they do in the very (...)
     
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  9. Commentary On: A Sensorimotor Account of Vision and Visual Consciousness. Authors' Reply.Bruce Bridgeman, Naoyuki Osaka, Stephen E. Robbins, Peter D. Sparks & Ee Krieckhaus - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):904-908.
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  10. The Gold Leaf Lady and Other Parapsychological Investigations.Stephen E. Braude - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
    For over thirty years, Stephen Braude has studied the paranormal in everyday life, from extrasensory perception and psychokinesis to mediumship and materialization. _The Gold Leaf Lady and Other Parapsychological Investigations_ is a highly readable and often amusing account of his most memorable encounters with such phenomena. Here Braude recounts in fascinating detail five particular cases—some that challenge our most fundamental scientific beliefs and others that expose our own credulousness. Braude begins with a south Florida woman who can make thin (...)
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  11. The Uses of Argument.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1958 - Cambridge University Press.
    A central theme throughout the impressive series of philosophical books and articles Stephen Toulmin has published since 1948 is the way in which assertions and opinions concerning all sorts of topics, brought up in everyday life or in academic research, can be rationally justified. Is there one universal system of norms, by which all sorts of arguments in all sorts of fields must be judged, or must each sort of argument be judged according to its own norms? In The (...)
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  12. Crimes of Reason: On Mind, Nature, and the Paranormal.Stephen E. Braude - 2014 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Crimes of Reason brings together expanded and updated versions of some of Braude’s best previously published essays, along with new essays written specifically for this book.
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  13. The Uses of Argument.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1958 - Philosophy 34 (130):244-245.
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  14.  15
    LOUISE E. ROBBINS, Elephant Slaves and Pampered Parrots: Exotic Animals in Eighteenth-Century Paris. Animals, History, Culture. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. Pp. Xiv+349. ISBN 0-8018-6753-3. £33.00. [REVIEW]E. C. Spary - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Science 36 (3):367-368.
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  15.  17
    The Limits of Influence: Psychokinesis and the Philosophy of Science.Stephen E. Braude (ed.) - 1986 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    The Limits of Influence is a detailed examination and defense of the evidence for largescale-psychokinesis . It examines the reasons why experimental evidence has not, and perhaps cannot, convince most skeptics that PK is genuine, and it considers why traditional experimental procedures are important to reveal interesting facts about the phenomena.
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  16.  31
    ESP and Psychokineses: A Philosophical Examination.Stephen E. Braude - 1979 - Temple University Press.
    This work was the first sustained philosophical study of psychic phenomena to follow C.D. Broad's LECTURES ON PSYCHICAL RESEARCH, written nearly twenty years ...
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  17. How to Be Dead and Not Care: A Defense of Epicurus.Stephen E. Rosenbaum - 1986 - American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (2):217 - 225.
  18. Color, Consciousness, and the Isomorphism Constraint.Stephen E. Palmer - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):923-943.
    The relations among consciousness, brain, behavior, and scientific explanation are explored in the domain of color perception. Current scientific knowledge about color similarity, color composition, dimensional structure, unique colors, and color categories is used to assess Locke.
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  19. Money as Tool, Money as Drug: The Biological Psychology of a Strong Incentive.Stephen E. G. Lea & Paul Webley - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):161-209.
    Why are people interested in money? Specifically, what could be the biological basis for the extraordinary incentive and reinforcing power of money, which seems to be unique to the human species? We identify two ways in which a commodity which is of no biological significance in itself can become a strong motivator. The first is if it is used as a tool, and by a metaphorical extension this is often applied to money: it is used instrumentally, in order to obtain (...)
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  20.  9
    Clone Being: Exploring the Psychological and Social Dimensions.Stephen E. Levick - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Marshalling psychological and sociological theory and research, and drawing upon extensive clinical experiences as a psychiatrist and psychotherapist, the author explores the various dimensions of cloning. Clone Being attempts to anticipate possible consequences for a clone, his or her 'parents' and family, and society.
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  21.  17
    The Source of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard, Jonathan StB. T. Evans & Julie L. Allen - 1992 - Cognition 45 (3):257-284.
  22.  5
    A Biological Theory of Reinforcement.Stephen E. Glickman & Bernard B. Schiff - 1967 - Psychological Review 74 (2):81-109.
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  23.  18
    The Source of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Julie L. Allen - 1992 - Cognition 45 (3):257-284.
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  24. On the Meaning of 'Paranormal,'.Stephen E. Braude - 1978 - In Jan Ludwig (ed.), Philosophy and Parapsychology. Prometheus Books. pp. 227--44.
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  25.  75
    Brain and Language: A Commentary.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1971 - Synthese 22 (3-4):369-395.
  26. The Symmetry Argument: Lucretius Against the Fear of Death.Stephen E. Rosenbaum - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (2):353-373.
  27. Suffering and the Shape of Well-Being in Buddhist Ethics.Stephen E. Harris - 2014 - Asian Philosophy 24 (3):242-259.
    This article explores the defense Indian Buddhist texts make in support of their conceptions of lives that are good for an individual. This defense occurs, largely, through their analysis of ordinary experience as being saturated by subtle forms of suffering . I begin by explicating the most influential of the Buddhist taxonomies of suffering: the threefold division into explicit suffering , the suffering of change , and conditioned suffering . Next, I sketch the three theories of welfare that have been (...)
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  28.  1
    The Limits of Influence: Psychokinesis and the Philosophy of Science.Stephen E. Braude - 1996 - Upa.
    The Limits of Influence is a detailed examination and defense of the evidence for largescale-psychokinesis. It examines the reasons why experimental evidence has not, and perhaps cannot, convince most skeptics that PK is genuine, and it considers why traditional experimental procedures are important to reveal interesting facts about the phenomena.
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  29.  61
    The Evaluation of “Outcomes” of Accounting Ethics Education.Stephen E. Loeb - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (2):77 - 84.
    This article explores five important issues relating to the evaluation of ethics education in accounting. The issues that are considered include: (a) reasons for evaluating accounting ethics education (see Caplan, 1980, pp. 133–35); (b) goal setting as a prerequisite to evaluating the outcomes of accounting ethics education (see Caplan, 1980, pp. 135–37); (c) possible broad levels of outcomes of accounting ethics education that can be evaluated; (d) matters relating to accounting ethics education that are in need of evaluation (see Caplan, (...)
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  30.  35
    The Evolutionary Development of Natural Science.Stephen E. Toulmin - 2009 - In Michael Ruse (ed.), Philosophy After Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Princeton University Press. pp. 177.
  31.  26
    Beyond Autotelic Play.Stephen E. Schmid - 2011 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 38 (2):149-166.
    In the Philosophy of Sport literature, play has been widely conceived, in whole or part, as an autotelic activity; that is, an activity pursued for intrinsic factors. I examine several versions of the conception of play as an autotelic activity. Given these different accounts, I raise the question whether the concept of autotelic play is tenable. I examine three possibilities: (i) accept the concept of autotelic play and reject the possibility of satisfying the conditions for play activities; (ii) accept the (...)
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  32. Demandingness, Well-Being and the Bodhisattva Path.Stephen E. Harris - 2015 - Sophia 54 (2):201-216.
    This paper reconstructs an Indian Buddhist response to the overdemandingness objection, the claim that a moral theory asks too much of its adherents. In the first section, I explain the objection and argue that some Mahāyāna Buddhists, including Śāntideva, face it. In the second section, I survey some possible ways of responding to the objection as a way of situating the Buddhist response alongside contemporary work. In the final section, I draw upon writing by Vasubandhu and Śāntideva in reconstructing a (...)
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  33.  41
    Conditional Reasoning with Realistic Material.Stephen E. Newstead - 1997 - Thinking and Reasoning 3 (1):49 – 76.
    Four experiments are reported which investigated the types of truth tables that people associate with conditional sentences and the kinds of inferences that they will draw from them. The present studies differed from most previous ones in using different types of content in the conditionals, for example promises and warnings. It was found that the type of content had a strong and consistent effect on both truth tables and inferences. It is suggested that this is because in real life conditionals (...)
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  34. Epicurus on Pleasure and the Complete Life.Stephen E. Rosenbaum - 1990 - The Monist 73 (1):21-41.
    The popular impression of Epicurean hedonism is that it advocates a life of sensual delights. Scholars know, however, that this impression is mistaken, both because of the overall conceptual structure of Epicurus’ ethics and because Epicurus prominently and repeatedly expressed such ideas as this.
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  35.  26
    Reconsidering Autotelic Play.Stephen E. Schmid - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 36 (2):238-257.
  36.  5
    Play and Aesthetics in Ancient Greece.Stephen E. Kidd - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    What is art's relationship to play? Those interested in this question tend to look to modern philosophy for answers, but, as this book shows, the question was already debated in antiquity by luminaries like Plato and Aristotle. Over the course of eight chapters, this book contextualizes those debates, and demonstrates their significance for theoretical problems today. Topics include the ancient child psychology at the root of the ancient Greek word for 'play', the numerous toys that have survived from antiquity, and (...)
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  37.  10
    Louise E. Robbins. Louis Pasteur and the Hidden World of Microbes. 144 Pp., Illus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. $24 ; $11.95 .Edward Edelson. Gregor Mendel and the Roots of Genetics. 112 Pp., Illus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. $24 ; $11.95 .James R. Voelkel. Johannes Kepler and the New Astronomy. 144 Pp., Illus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. $24 ; $11.95 .John L. Casti;, Werner DePauli. Gödel: A Life in Logic. 224 Pp., Illus. Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus Publishing, 2001. $11.55. [REVIEW]Bonnie Ellen Blustein - 2003 - Isis 94 (1):120-121.
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  38.  3
    Freedom and Fate: An Inner Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson.Stephen E. Whicher - 1953 - University of Pennsylvania Press.
    Stephen Whicher's Freedom and Fate begins with a tribute to Ralph Rusk's monumental biography The Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson, acknowledging its supremacy as a factual telling of Emerson's life that cannot be surpassed. Whicher's book aims to be a complement to the painstakingly researched outer life of Emerson by focusing on the great sage's inner life—not just his intellectual biography but the very nature of his thinking. Whicher stresses the life of "spectator-ship" that the young Emerson, perpetually ill (...)
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  39.  60
    The Sorites Fallacy: What Difference Does a Peanut Make?Stephen E. Weiss - 1976 - Synthese 33 (2-4):253 - 272.
  40.  26
    Elemér Boreczky, John Wyclif's Discourse on Dominion in Community.(Studies in the History of Christian Traditions, 139.) Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2008. Pp. Xi, 323.€ 99.Stephen E. Lahey - 2010 - Speculum 85 (3):641-643.
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  41.  9
    A Rightful Place for Public Health in American Law.Wendy E. Parmet & Anthony Robbins - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (2):302-304.
    The practice of law has changed greatly since the days when judges based decisions on the maxim salus populi suprema lex, and Oliver Wendell Holmes disagreed, noting that “experience” has been the “life of the law.” In the intervening years, the profession has followed Holmes and the legal realists in recognizing that the law does not exist in a vacuum. It is a human endeavor, molded by experiences and filled with human consequences. Today, lawyers, jurists, and legal scholars everywhere on (...)
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  42. On the Classification of Śāntideva’s Ethics in the Bodhicaryāvatāra.Stephen E. Harris - 2015 - Philosophy East and West 65 (1):249-275.
    In this essay several challenges are raised to the project of classifying Śāntideva’s ethical reasoning given in his Bodhicaryāvatāra, or Guide to the Way of the Bodhisattva, as a species of ethical theory such as consequentialism or virtue ethics. One set of difficulties highlighted here arises because Śāntideva wrote this text to act as a manual of psychological transformation, and it is therefore often difficult to determine when his statements indicate his own ethical views. Further, even assuming we can identify (...)
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  43.  20
    Discourse and Dominion in the Fourteenth Century: Oral Contexts of Writing in Philosophy, Politics, and Poetry.Jesse M. Gellrich.Stephen E. Lahey - 1997 - Speculum 72 (4):1174-1176.
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  44.  6
    A Rightful Place for Public Health in American Law.Wendy E. Parmet & Anthony Robbins - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (2):302-304.
    The practice of law has changed greatly since the days when judges based decisions on the maxim salus populi suprema lex, and Oliver Wendell Holmes disagreed, noting that “experience” has been the “life of the law.” In the intervening years, the profession has followed Holmes and the legal realists in recognizing that the law does not exist in a vacuum. It is a human endeavor, molded by experiences and filled with human consequences. Today, lawyers, jurists, and legal scholars everywhere on (...)
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  45.  6
    Adam Wodeham.Stephen E. Lahey - 2011 - In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 20--24.
  46.  24
    John Wyclif: Logica, Politica, Teologia. Mariateresa Fumagalli Beonio Brocchieri, Stefano Simonetta, John Wyclif John Wyclif: Scriptural Logic, Real Presence, and the Parameters of Orthodoxy. Ian Christopher Levy.Stephen E. Lahey - 2005 - Speculum 80 (4):1280-1282.
  47.  50
    Whistleblowing and Management Accounting: An Approach. [REVIEW]Stephen E. Loeb & Suzanne N. Cory - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (12):903 - 916.
    In this paper, we consider the licensing of and codes of ethics that affect the accountant not in public accounting, the potential for an accountant not in public accounting encountering an ethical conflict situation, and the moral responsibility of such accountant when faced with an ethical dilemma. We review an approach suggested by the National Association of Accountants for dealing with an ethical conflict situation including that association's position on whistleblowing. We propose another approach based on the work of De (...)
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  48.  15
    A Peace Reader: Essential Readings on War, Justice, Non-Violence and World Order.Stephen E. Lammers - 1990 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 2 (1):68-69.
  49. Tseyi' / Deep in the Rock: Reflections on Canyon de Chelly.Laura Tohe & Stephen E. Strom - 2005 - University of Arizona Press.
    A collection of poetry and lyrical writings by Native American poet Laura Tohe celebrating Canyon de Chelly, accompanied by full-color photographs.
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  50.  43
    Accounting Ethics and Education: A Response. [REVIEW]Stephen E. Loeb & Joanne Rockness - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (7):485 - 490.
    In this article we review the principal directions that an American Accounting Association committee has taken in the past three years to encourage the teaching of ethics in accounting programs and/or courses in higher education. We also (1) briefly comment on the place of accounting ethics in both higher education and continuing professional education and (2) provide some brief final comments.
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