Results for 'Stephen E. Toulmin'

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  1. The Uses of Argument.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1958 - Cambridge University Press.
    A central theme throughout the impressive series of philosophical books and articles Stephen Toulmin has published since 1948 is the way in which assertions and opinions concerning all sorts of topics, brought up in everyday life or in academic research, can be rationally justified. Is there one universal system of norms, by which all sorts of arguments in all sorts of fields must be judged, or must each sort of argument be judged according to its own norms? In (...)
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  2. The Uses of Argument.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1958 - Cambridge University Press.
    A central theme throughout the impressive series of philosophical books and articles Stephen Toulmin has published since 1948 is the way in which assertions and opinions concerning all sorts of topics, brought up in everyday life or in academic research, can be rationally justified. Is there one universal system of norms, by which all sorts of arguments in all sorts of fields must be judged, or must each sort of argument be judged according to its own norms? In (...)
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  3. The Uses of Argument.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1958 - Philosophy 34 (130):244-245.
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  4.  31
    The Uses of Argument. Stephen E. Toulmin.Clyde Laurence Hardin - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (2):160-163.
  5.  74
    Brain and Language: A Commentary.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1971 - Synthese 22 (3-4):369-395.
  6. The Toulmin Method Exploration and Controversy : A Festschrift in Honor of Stephen E. Toulmin.Betty Kay Seibt, William Edward Tanner & Stephen Edelston Toulmin - 1991
     
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  7.  33
    The Evolutionary Development of Natural Science.Stephen E. Toulmin - 2009 - In Michael Ruse (ed.), Philosophy After Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Princeton University Press. pp. 177.
  8. The Self: Psychological and Philosophical Issues.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1977 - Blackwell.
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  9. Pluralism and Responsibility in Post-Modern Science.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1985 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 10 (1):28-37.
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  10. Self-Knowledge and Knowledge of Self.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1977 - In Theodore Mischel (ed.), The Self: Psychological and Philosophical Issues. Blackwell. pp. 185--214.
  11.  60
    Reasoning in Theory and Practice.Stephen Toulmin - 2004 - Informal Logic 24 (2):111-114.
    As my book The Uses of Argument pointed out, we must look and see how our critical standards vary from one area or activity to another-e.g. from politics to aesthetics. Hence we need to explore how these critical standards evolve. and how the most reflective and best-informed people in any area of experience refine those standards. We cannot understand where we are now unless we understand how we got here, even in a field like mathematics. Hence we must modestly recognize (...)
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  12.  89
    Evaluating Arguments Based on Toulmin’s Scheme.Bart Verheij - 2001 - Argumentation 19 (3):347-371.
    Toulmin’s scheme for the layout of arguments represents an influential tool for the analysis of arguments. The scheme enriches the traditional premises-conclusion model of arguments by distinguishing additional elements, like warrant, backing and rebuttal. The present paper contains a formal elaboration of Toulmin’s scheme, and extends it with a treatment of the formal evaluation of Toulmin-style arguments, which Toulmin did not discuss at all. Arguments are evaluated in terms of a so-called dialectical interpretation of their assumptions. (...)
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  13. Medical Innovations and Bad Outcomes Legal, Social, and Ethical Responses.Mark Siegler, Stephen Edelston Toulmin & Franklin E. Zimring - 1987
     
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  14.  72
    New Books. [REVIEW]John Rawls, Stephen Toulmin, G. J. Warnock, B. E. King, R. F. Holland & C. K. Grant - 1955 - Mind 64 (255):421-432.
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  15.  61
    Good Reasoning on the Toulmin Model.David Hitchcock - 2005 - Argumentation 19 (3):373-391.
    Some solo verbal reasoning serves the function of arriving at a correct answer to a question from information at the reasoner’s disposal. Such reasoning is good if and only if its grounds are justified and adequate, its warrant is justified, and the reasoner is justified in assuming that no defeaters apply. I distinguish seven sources of justified grounds and state the conditions under which each source is trustworthy. Adequate grounds include all good relevant information practically obtainable by the reasoner. The (...)
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  16.  17
    Nature and Nature's God.Stephen Toulmin - 1985 - Journal of Religious Ethics 13 (1):37 - 52.
    Gustaf son's ethics is both conservative and revolutionary. By taking Calvin, Luther, and Augustine as discussion partners, he avoids the "culs-de-sac" into which seventeenth-century physical science drove the "theology" of nature. In doing so, he shares the Stoic tendency in late twentieth-century science, e.g., in ecology. For him, "the powers that bear down on us and sustain us" are present in our experience of the world; and this experience must square with our other empirical knowledge, e.g., in biology. Yet it (...)
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  17.  61
    New Books. [REVIEW]H. H. Price, H. B. Acton, Austin Duncan-Jones, Margaret Macdonald, W. E. H. Whyte, John Munkman, D. P. Henry, A. C. Lloyd, Thomas McPherson, Antony Flew, Stephen Toulmin, J. O. Urmson & Ivo Thomas - 1953 - Mind 62 (247):406-431.
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  18. New Books. [REVIEW]A. M. Quinton, P. H. Nowell-Smith, William Kneale, Stephen Toulmin, T. R. Miles, P. F. Strawson, D. W. Hamlyn, J. Harrison, Richard Robinson, A. C. Crombie, R. Peters, E. C. Mossner, A. M. Honoré & W. J. Rees - 1954 - Mind 63 (252):546-576.
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  19.  56
    New Books. [REVIEW]J. N. Findlay, T. D. Weldon, Stuart Hampshire, David Hamlyn, Stephen Toulmin, G. E. L. Owen, Bernard Mayo & Robert Thomson - 1952 - Mind 61 (242):276-295.
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  20.  63
    New Books. [REVIEW]Austin Duncan-Jones, C. D. Broad, William Kneale, Martha Kneale, L. J. Russell, D. J. Allan, S. Körner, Percy Black, J. O. Urmson, Stephen Toulmin, J. J. C. Smart, Antony Flew, R. C. Cross, George E. Hughes, John Holloway, D. Daiches Raphael, J. P. Corbett, E. A. Gellner, G. P. Henderson, W. von Leyden, P. L. Heath, Margaret Macdonald, B. Mayo, P. H. Nowell-Smith, J. N. Findlay & A. M. MacIver - 1950 - Mind 59 (235):389-431.
  21. Demandingness, Well-Being and the Bodhisattva Path.Stephen E. Harris - 2015 - Sophia 54 (2):201-216.
    This paper reconstructs an Indian Buddhist response to the overdemandingness objection, the claim that a moral theory asks too much of its adherents. In the first section, I explain the objection and argue that some Mahāyāna Buddhists, including Śāntideva, face it. In the second section, I survey some possible ways of responding to the objection as a way of situating the Buddhist response alongside contemporary work. In the final section, I draw upon writing by Vasubandhu and Śāntideva in reconstructing a (...)
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  22.  8
    The Limits of Influence: Psychokinesis and the Philosophy of Science.Stephen E. Braude (ed.) - 1986 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    The Limits of Influence is a detailed examination and defense of the evidence for largescale-psychokinesis . It examines the reasons why experimental evidence has not, and perhaps cannot, convince most skeptics that PK is genuine, and it considers why traditional experimental procedures are important to reveal interesting facts about the phenomena.
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  23.  29
    ESP and Psychokineses: A Philosophical Examination.Stephen E. Braude - 1979 - Temple University Press.
    This work was the first sustained philosophical study of psychic phenomena to follow C.D. Broad's LECTURES ON PSYCHICAL RESEARCH, written nearly twenty years ...
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  24.  4
    A Configuração Funcional da Argumentação Epistêmica: Uma Releitura Do Layout de Toulmin Em Perspectiva Multidisciplinar.Paulo Roberto Gonçalves-Segundo - 2020 - Bakhtiniana 15 (3):236-266.
    RESUMO O objetivo deste artigo é discutir uma releitura do layout de argumentos proposto originalmente por Stephen Toulmin e desenvolvido posteriormente por Toulmin; Rieke; Janik no sentido de enquadrá-lo como: um instrumento útil para a análise da configuração funcional da argumentação epistêmica e, por conseguinte, para a avaliação da consistência da argumentação, o que está ligado à faceta justificatória de tal atividade; um instrumento válido para a análise do dissenso e do dialogismo, característicos da faceta comunicativa da (...)
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  25.  24
    Crucial Experiments: Priestley and Lavoisier.S. E. Toulmin - 1957 - Journal of the History of Ideas 18 (2):205.
  26. Color, Consciousness, and the Isomorphism Constraint.Stephen E. Palmer - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):923-943.
    The relations among consciousness, brain, behavior, and scientific explanation are explored in the domain of color perception. Current scientific knowledge about color similarity, color composition, dimensional structure, unique colors, and color categories is used to assess Locke.
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  27. Money as Tool, Money as Drug: The Biological Psychology of a Strong Incentive.Stephen E. G. Lea & Paul Webley - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):161-209.
    Why are people interested in money? Specifically, what could be the biological basis for the extraordinary incentive and reinforcing power of money, which seems to be unique to the human species? We identify two ways in which a commodity which is of no biological significance in itself can become a strong motivator. The first is if it is used as a tool, and by a metaphorical extension this is often applied to money: it is used instrumentally, in order to obtain (...)
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  28. How to Be Dead and Not Care: A Defense of Epicurus.Stephen E. Rosenbaum - 1986 - American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (2):217 - 225.
  29.  4
    A Biological Theory of Reinforcement.Stephen E. Glickman & Bernard B. Schiff - 1967 - Psychological Review 74 (2):81-109.
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  30.  16
    The Source of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard, Jonathan StB. T. Evans & Julie L. Allen - 1992 - Cognition 45 (3):257-284.
  31. Bergson and the Holographic Theory of Mind.Stephen E. Robbins - 2006 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 5 (3-4):365-394.
    Bergson’s model of time (1889) is perhaps the proto-phenomenological theory. It is part of a larger model of mind (1896) which can be seen in modern light as describing the brain as supporting a modulated wave within a holographic field, specifying the external image of the world, and wherein subject and object are differentiated not in terms of space, but of time. Bergson’s very concrete model is developed and deepened with Gibson’s ecological model of perception. It is applied to the (...)
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  32.  17
    The Source of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Julie L. Allen - 1992 - Cognition 45 (3):257-284.
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  33. On the Meaning of 'Paranormal,'.Stephen E. Braude - 1978 - In Jan Ludwig (ed.), Philosophy and Parapsychology. Prometheus Books. pp. 227--44.
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  34.  39
    The Cost of Explicit Memory.Stephen E. Robbins - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):33-66.
    Within Piaget there is an implicit theory of the development of explicit memory. It rests in the dynamical trajectory underlying the development of causality, object, space and time – a complex (COST) supporting a symbolic relationship integral to the explicit. Cassirer noted the same dependency in the phenomena of aphasias, insisting that a symbolic function is being undermined in these deficits. This is particularly critical given the reassessment of Piaget’s stages as the natural bifurcations of a self-organizing dynamic system. The (...)
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  35. Suffering and the Shape of Well-Being in Buddhist Ethics.Stephen E. Harris - 2014 - Asian Philosophy 24 (3):242-259.
    This article explores the defense Indian Buddhist texts make in support of their conceptions of lives that are good for an individual. This defense occurs, largely, through their analysis of ordinary experience as being saturated by subtle forms of suffering . I begin by explicating the most influential of the Buddhist taxonomies of suffering: the threefold division into explicit suffering , the suffering of change , and conditioned suffering . Next, I sketch the three theories of welfare that have been (...)
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  36.  58
    The Evaluation of “Outcomes” of Accounting Ethics Education.Stephen E. Loeb - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (2):77 - 84.
    This article explores five important issues relating to the evaluation of ethics education in accounting. The issues that are considered include: (a) reasons for evaluating accounting ethics education (see Caplan, 1980, pp. 133–35); (b) goal setting as a prerequisite to evaluating the outcomes of accounting ethics education (see Caplan, 1980, pp. 135–37); (c) possible broad levels of outcomes of accounting ethics education that can be evaluated; (d) matters relating to accounting ethics education that are in need of evaluation (see Caplan, (...)
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  37. The Symmetry Argument: Lucretius Against the Fear of Death.Stephen E. Rosenbaum - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (2):353-373.
  38.  25
    Reconsidering Autotelic Play.Stephen E. Schmid - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 36 (2):238-257.
  39.  88
    Modern Theories of Gestalt Perception.Stephen E. Palmer - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (4):289-323.
  40.  23
    Beyond Autotelic Play.Stephen E. Schmid - 2011 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 38 (2):149-166.
    In the Philosophy of Sport literature, play has been widely conceived, in whole or part, as an autotelic activity; that is, an activity pursued for intrinsic factors. I examine several versions of the conception of play as an autotelic activity. Given these different accounts, I raise the question whether the concept of autotelic play is tenable. I examine three possibilities: (i) accept the concept of autotelic play and reject the possibility of satisfying the conditions for play activities; (ii) accept the (...)
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  41. Suppression, Resolve, and Habit in Everyday Financial Behaviour.Stephen E. G. Lea - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    Everyday financial behaviour involves inter-temporal choices, between saving, spending, and debt. Consumers do not always take these decisions to their best advantage. Ainslie's analysis of the means to willpower as suppression, resolve, and habit is potentially applicable to understanding and improving the decisions that consumers make. Some relevant research on these topics exists, and it is briefly reviewed here.
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  42.  35
    On Time, Memory and Dynamic Form.Stephen E. Robbins - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):762-788.
    A common approach to explaining the perception of form is through the use of static features. The weakness of this approach points naturally to dynamic definitions of form. Considering dynamical form, however, leads inevitably to the need to explain how events are perceived as time-extended—a problem with primacy over that even of qualia. Optic flow models, energy models, models reliant on a rigidity constraint are examined. The reliance of these models on the instantaneous specification of form at an instant, t, (...)
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  43.  50
    Whistleblowing and Management Accounting: An Approach. [REVIEW]Stephen E. Loeb & Suzanne N. Cory - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (12):903 - 916.
    In this paper, we consider the licensing of and codes of ethics that affect the accountant not in public accounting, the potential for an accountant not in public accounting encountering an ethical conflict situation, and the moral responsibility of such accountant when faced with an ethical dilemma. We review an approach suggested by the National Association of Accountants for dealing with an ethical conflict situation including that association's position on whistleblowing. We propose another approach based on the work of De (...)
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  44.  34
    Conditional Reasoning with Realistic Material.Stephen E. Newstead - 1997 - Thinking and Reasoning 3 (1):49 – 76.
    Four experiments are reported which investigated the types of truth tables that people associate with conditional sentences and the kinds of inferences that they will draw from them. The present studies differed from most previous ones in using different types of content in the conditionals, for example promises and warnings. It was found that the type of content had a strong and consistent effect on both truth tables and inferences. It is suggested that this is because in real life conditionals (...)
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  45. Epicurus on Pleasure and the Complete Life.Stephen E. Rosenbaum - 1990 - The Monist 73 (1):21-41.
    The popular impression of Epicurean hedonism is that it advocates a life of sensual delights. Scholars know, however, that this impression is mistaken, both because of the overall conceptual structure of Epicurus’ ethics and because Epicurus prominently and repeatedly expressed such ideas as this.
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  46.  42
    Accounting Ethics and Education: A Response. [REVIEW]Stephen E. Loeb & Joanne Rockness - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (7):485 - 490.
    In this article we review the principal directions that an American Accounting Association committee has taken in the past three years to encourage the teaching of ethics in accounting programs and/or courses in higher education. We also (1) briefly comment on the place of accounting ethics in both higher education and continuing professional education and (2) provide some brief final comments.
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  47.  27
    Semantic Redintegration: Ecological Invariance.Stephen E. Robbins - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):726-727.
    In proposing that their model can operate in the concrete, perceptual world, Rogers & McClelland (R&M) have not done justice to the complexities of the ecological sphere and its invariance laws. The structure of concrete events forces a different framework, both for retrieval of events and concepts defined across events, than that upon which the proposed model, rooted in essence in the verbal learning tradition, implicitly rests.
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  48.  16
    Can the Repeated Prisoner's Dilemma Game Be Used as a Tool to Enhance Moral Reasoning?Stephen E. Rau & James Weber - 2003 - Teaching Business Ethics 7 (4):395-416.
  49.  77
    Organizational Trustworthiness: An International Perspective. [REVIEW]Cam Caldwell & Stephen E. Clapham - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (4):349 - 364.
    Although trust has been widely recognized as a vital component ofrelationships and a critical element to the success of organizations,the literature describing trust and trustworthiness is known for itsvarying perspectives and its inconsistencies. Trustworthiness has beenidentified as a condition precedent to the development of trust.Building upon the established constructs of interpersonaltrustworthiness, we propose a related model containing the sevenconstructs of Competence, Legal Compliance, Responsibility to Inform,Quality Assurance, Procedural Fairness, Interactional Cour-tesy, andFinancial Balance. Citing evidence from trust-related literature, weidentify the utility (...)
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  50.  47
    Bergson, Perception and Gibson.Stephen E. Robbins - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (5):23-45.
    Bergson's 1896 theory of perception/memory assumed a framework anticipating the quantum revolution in physics, the still unrealized implications of this framework contributing to the large neglect of Bergson today. The basics of his model are explored, including the physical concepts he advanced before the crisis in classical physics, his concept of perception as ‘virtual action’ with its relativistic implications, and his unique explication of the subject/object relationship. All form the basis for his solution to the ‘hard’ problem. The relation between (...)
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