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Stephen Grover
Queens College (CUNY)
  1. Cosmological Fecundity.Stephen Grover - 1998 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):277-299.
    This paper characterizes various responses to the question, 'Why does our universe exist?' Some responses- that the question is senseless, that the existence of our universe is logically necessary- are implausible. Adjudication between more plausible responses requires us to evaluate the argument from the 'fine-tuning' of the universe, a refurbished version of the argument from design that appeals to cosmology rather than biology. The evidence of fine-tuning should lead us to adopt, albeit provisionally, cosmological fecundity, the hypothesis that there exist (...)
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    Rival Creator Arguments and the Best of All Possible Worlds.Stephen Grover - 2004 - Sophia 43 (1):101-114.
    ‘Rival creator’ arguments suggest that God must have created the best of all possible worlds. These arguments are analyzed and evaluated, and Leibniz’s position defended.
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  3.  42
    This World, ‘Adams Worlds’, and the Best of All Possible Worlds.Stephen Grover - 2003 - Religious Studies 39 (2):145-163.
    ‘Adams worlds’ are possible worlds that contain no creature whose life is not worth living or whose life is overall worse than in any other possible world in which it would have existed. Creating an Adams world involves no wrongdoing or unkindness towards creatures on the part of the creator. I argue that the notion of an Adams world is of little value in theodicy. Theists are not only committed to thinking that this world was created without wrongdoing or unkindness (...)
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  4.  76
    Why Only the Best Is Good Enough.Stephen Grover - 1988 - Analysis 48 (4):224 -.
  5.  52
    Incommensurability and the Best of All Possible Worlds.Stephen Grover - 1998 - The Monist 81 (4):648-668.
    In “The Best of All Possible Worlds” William E. Mann argues that some possible worlds are morally incommensurable with some others, because some choices are between incompatible alternatives that are themselves incommensurable. The best possible world must be better than, and hence commensurable with, every other world. So if anyone in the actual world ever faces a choice between incompatible alternatives that are morally incommensurable, this is not the best possible world. But it seems that some of us do, on (...)
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  6.  96
    Mere Addition and the Best of All Possible Worlds.Stephen Grover - 1999 - Religious Studies 35 (2):173-190.
    The quantitative argument against the notion of a best possible world claims that, no matter how many worthwhile lives a world contains, another world contains more and is, other things being equal, better. Parfit’s ‘ Mere Addition Paradox ’ suggests that defenders of this argument must accept his ‘ Repugnant Conclusion ’ : that outcomes containing billions upon billions of lives barely worth living are better than outcomes containing fewer lives of higher quality. Several responses to the Paradox are discussed (...)
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  7.  62
    Remarks Belowground.Stephen Grover - manuscript
    Remarks on naturalism--the belief that there is nothing besides the subway and its riders--and also on non-naturalism and supernaturalism, transcribed and edited from a notebook found on a subway train.
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  8. West or Best? Sufficient Reason in the Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence.Stephen Grover - 1996 - Studia Leibnitiana 28 (1):84-92.
    In der Korrespondenz mit Clarke ist Leibniz' Standardargument gegen die Annahme, daß Raum und Zeit absolut seien, daß Gott sich bei der Wahl des zu erschaffenden Universums gezwungen sähe, gegen das Prinzip des zureichenden Grundes zu verstoßen, wenn diese Annahme richtig wäre: Bloße Unterschiede in räumlicher und zeitlicher Hinsicht ergeben keinen Vorteilsunterschied, und da Gott nur aus Vorteilsgründen handelt, sind solche Unterschiede nicht möglich. Leibniz stellt dieses Argument als ausschließlich abhängig vom Prinzip des zureichenden Grundes dar, eine gängige Interpretation ist (...)
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  9.  4
    Satisfied Pigs and Dissatisfied Philosophers: Schlesinger on the Problem of Evil.Stephen Grover - 1993 - Philosophical Investigations 16 (3):212-230.
  10.  28
    Leibniz: Determinist, Theist, Idealist.Stephen Grover - 1996 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 34 (2):303-304.
    BOOK REVIEWS 3O3 Robert Merrihew Adams. Leibniz: Determinist, Theist, Idealist. New York: Oxford Univer- sity Press, 1994. Pp. xi + 433. Cloth, $55.oo. Robert Adams has previously given us admirable accounts of Leibniz's theories of contingency and of the conceptual containment theory of truth, and has defended an interpretation of Leibniz's mature metaphysics as broadly idealist in nature? Material from his earlier articles anchors Part I and opens Part III of this impressive book. Part II is devoted to Leibniz's various (...)
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    Reasoned Faith. Essays in Philosophical Theology in Honor of Norman Kretzmann.Stephen Grover - 1994 - Philosophical Books 35 (3):209-211.
  12. God and the Absence of Evidence.Stephen Grover - 1987 - Dissertation, University of Oxford (United Kingdom)
    Available from UMI in association with The British Library. Requires signed TDF. ;Belief in God is a belief about a matter of fact and existence . I assume that BG is meaningful, coherent and neither probably true or probably false . ;The evidentialist objection to BG presupposes that we have obligations in respect of those beliefs that we accept, this being a voluntary form of assent to propositions . EO claims that acceptance of BG without sufficient evidence in its support (...)
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