Results for 'Stephen Jos�� Hanson'

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  1.  24
    Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping.Stephen José Hanson & Martin Bunzl (eds.) - 2010 - Bradford.
    The field of neuroimaging has reached a watershed. Brain imaging research has been the source of many advances in cognitive neuroscience and cognitive science over the last decade, but recent critiques and emerging trends are raising foundational issues of methodology, measurement, and theory. Indeed, concerns over interpretation of brain maps have created serious controversies in social neuroscience, and, more important, point to a larger set of issues that lie at the heart of the entire brain mapping enterprise. In this volume, (...)
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  2.  28
    What Connectionist Models Learn: Learning and Representation in Connectionist Networks.Stephen José Hanson & David J. Burr - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (3):471-489.
    Connectionist models provide a promising alternative to the traditional computational approach that has for several decades dominated cognitive science and artificial intelligence, although the nature of connectionist models and their relation to symbol processing remains controversial. Connectionist models can be characterized by three general computational features: distinct layers of interconnected units, recursive rules for updating the strengths of the connections during learning, and “simple” homogeneous computing elements. Using just these three features one can construct surprisingly elegant and powerful models of (...)
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  3.  28
    Regulation During Challenge: A General Model of Learned Performance Under Schedule Constraint.Stephen J. Hanson & William Timberlake - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (3):261-282.
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  4.  10
    Arousal: Its Genesis and Manifestation as Response Rate.Peter R. Killeen, Stephen J. Hanson & Steve R. Osborne - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (6):571-581.
  5.  34
    Teaching Health Care Ethics: Why We Should Teach Nursing and Medical Students Together.Stephen Hanson - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (2):167-176.
    This article argues that teaching medical and nursing students health care ethics in an interdisciplinary setting is beneficial for them. Doing so produces an education that is theoretically more consistent with the goals of health care ethics, can help to reduce moral stress and burnout, and can improve patient care. Based on a literature review, theoretical arguments and individual observation, this article will show that the benefits of interdisciplinary education, specifically in ethics, outweigh the difficulties many schools may have in (...)
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  6.  5
    ‘He Didn’T Want to Let His Team Down’: The Challenge of Dual Loyalty for Team Physicians.Stephen S. Hanson - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 45 (3):215-227.
    ABSTRACTTeam physicians have a complicated job that involves potentially conflicting obligations to multiple entities. Though responsible for the medical care of the athletes as individuals, they also have obligations to the team that employs them which can include returning athletes to play who are at heightened risk of re-injury. The fact that the athletes and owners have some overlapping interests only complicates this issue. Further, there are strong financial incentives to do what is necessary to obtain and keep a position (...)
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  7. What I Do Not Believe and Other Essays. Edited by Stephen Toulmin and Harry Woolf. --.Norwood Russell Hanson, Stephen Edelston Toulmin & Harry Woolf - 1971 - Reidel.
     
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  8.  45
    Engelhardt and Children: The Failure of Libertarian Bioethics in Pediatric Interactions.Stephen Hanson - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (2):179-198.
    : In Engelhardt's secular bioethics, moral obligations derive from contracts and agreements between rational persons, and no infants or children and few adolescents meet Engelhardt's requirements for being a rational person. This is a problem, as one cannot have any direct secular moral obligations toward nonpersons such as infants and adolescents. The Engelhardtian concepts of ownership, indenture, and social personhood, which are meant to allow the theory to accommodate children and adolescents adequately, fail to give an Engelhardtian any actual means (...)
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  9.  23
    The Perspective of an IRB Member.Stephen S. Hanson - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):25-27.
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  10.  22
    Currents in Contemporary Ethics: Libertarianism and Universal Health Care: It's Not What You Think It Is.Stephen S. Hanson - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (3):486-489.
  11.  15
    Mary Jo Nye . The Cambridge History of Science. Volume 5: The Modern Physical and Mathematical Sciences. Xxvii+678 Pp., Illus., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. $95. [REVIEW]Stephen G. Brush - 2003 - Isis 94 (4):687-688.
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  12.  23
    Still on the Same Slope: Groningen Breaks No New Ethical Ground.Stephen S. Hanson - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (4):67-68.
    Jotkowitz, Glick, and Gesundheit (2008) rightly critique Manninen (2006) for an errant analysis of the Groningen protocol. However, they draw conclusions about the protocol itself that are not justified. Because of the nature of the care of infants, the Groningen protocol doesn't break new ethical ground. We already have to treat infants without direct access to their autonomous preferences or values; therefore, we are already making the decisions that Jotkowitz, Glick, and Gesundheit argue we are beginning to take once active (...)
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  13.  41
    Moral Acquaintances: Loewy, Wildes, and Beyond. [REVIEW]Stephen S. Hanson - 2007 - HEC Forum 19 (3):207-225.
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  14.  49
    Learned Categorical Perception in Neural Nets: Implications for Symbol Grounding.Stevan Harnad & Stephen J. Hanson - unknown
    After people learn to sort objects into categories they see them differently. Members of the same category look more alike and members of different categories look more different. This phenomenon of within-category compression and between-category separation in similarity space is called categorical perception (CP). It is exhibited by human subjects, animals and neural net models. In backpropagation nets trained first to auto-associate 12 stimuli varying along a onedimensional continuum and then to sort them into 3 categories, CP arises as a (...)
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  15.  4
    Comments on Hanson.Stephen Dukas - 1995 - Social Epistemology 9 (1):41 – 43.
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  16. John Dewey, The Later Works, 1925-1953 Volume 4: 1929.Jo Ann Boydston & Stephen Toulmin - 1988 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 24 (1):147-154.
     
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  17.  17
    Back to the Future: The Return of Cognitive Functionalism.Leyla Roskan Çağlar & Stephen José Hanson - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    The claims that learning systems must build causal models and provide explanations of their inferences are not new, and advocate a cognitive functionalism for artificial intelligence. This view conflates the relationships between implicit and explicit knowledge representation. We present recent evidence that neural networks do engage in model building, which is implicit, and cannot be dissociated from the learning process.
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  18.  19
    Attentional Bias in Human Category Learning: The Case of Deep Learning.Catherine Hanson, Leyla Roskan Caglar & Stephen José Hanson - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  19.  12
    Commentary on "Reliable Reasoning".Stephen José Hanson - 2009 - Abstracta 5 (S3):42-46.
  20. Ethics in the Discipline(s) of Bioethics.Stephen S. Hanson - 2011 - HEC Forum 23 (3):171-192.
    The development of a code of ethics for a profession can be an indicator of the coherence and stability of a discipline as a unique and singular entity. Since “bioethics”, as a discipline, is not one profession but many, practiced by persons with not one but many varying responsibilities and training, it has been argued that no code of ethics is possible for the discipline(s) of bioethics. I argue that a code of ethics is possible for bioethics by looking at (...)
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  21.  16
    Last Chance at Grandchildren:A Request for Perimortem Sperm Harvesting.Stephen S. Hanson & Annie-Laurie Auden - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (1):13-14.
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  22. Michael Arbib's The Metaphorical Brain 2: The Sequel?Stephen José Hanson - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence 101 (1-2):311-314.
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  23. “More on Respect for Embryos and Potentiality: Does Respect for Embryos Entail Respect for in Vitro Embryos?”.Stephen S. Hanson - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (3):215-226.
    It is commonly assumed that persons who hold abortions to be generally impermissible must, for the same reasons, be opposed to embryonic stem cell research [ESR]. Yet a settled position against abortion does not necessarily direct one to reject that research. The difference in potentiality between the embryos used in ESR and embryos discussed in the abortion debate can make ESR acceptable even if one holds that abortion is impermissible. With regard to their potentiality, in vitro embryos are here argued (...)
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  24.  16
    On the Obvious Treatment of Connectionism.Stephen José Hanson - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):38-39.
  25. Pt. 4. The Challenge of Deriving an Ought From an Is: Moral Acquaintances and Natural Facts in the Darwinian Age.Stephen S. Hanson - 2009 - In Mark J. Cherry (ed.), The Normativity of the Natural: Human Goods, Human Virtues, and Human Flourishing. Springer.
  26.  13
    Reinforcement Without Representation.Stephen José Hanson - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):141-142.
  27.  29
    To Maximize or Not to Maximize ….Stephen José Hanson - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):391-392.
  28.  14
    Transcending “Transcending…”.Stephen Jośe Hanson - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):656-657.
  29.  10
    Voices in the WildernessTheological Voices in Medical Ethics.Mark J. Hanson, Allen Verhey & Stephen E. Lammers - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (3):46.
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  30.  3
    A Thematic Analysis Investigating the Impact of Positive Behavioral Support Training on the Lives of Service Providers: “It Makes You Think Differently”.R. Stephen Walsh, Brian McClean, Nancy Doyle, Suzanne Ryan, Sammy-Jo Scarborough-Lang, Anna Rishton & Neil Dagnall - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  31.  18
    Promoting International Dialogue Between Fundamental and Applied Ethics.Robert Nozick, Jos Leys, Maartje Schermer, Paul Schotsmans, Stephen Holland, William Desmond, Rolf Geiger, Jean-Christophe Merle, Nico Scarano & Christopher Bertram - 2003 - Ethical Perspectives 24 (2004):01-2014.
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  32. 2008 Annual Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic-University of California, Irvine-Irvine, California-March 27-30, 2008-Abstracts. [REVIEW]Sam Buss, Stephen Cook, Jos Ferreirs, Andy Lewis, David Marker, Theodore Slaman & Jamie Tappenden - 2008 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (3).
  33.  24
    Francois-David Sebbah: Testing the Limit: Derrida, Henry, Levinas, and the Phenomenological Tradition (Translated by Stephen Barker).Jeffrey Hanson - 2013 - Continental Philosophy Review 46 (4):609-616.
    Sebbah’s noteworthy book is perhaps the first sustained inquiry into the relationship between three thinkers in the French phenomenological tradition, two of whom are well known in the Anglophone world (Levinas, Derrida) and one of whom (Henry) is gradually better understood by English-speaking audiences. That all three are arrayed together in this study makes it a pioneering enterprise and one that allows the English reader to apprise the worthiness of Henry’s association with his better-known compatriots.The strongest and most extensive portions (...)
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  34. Observation and Explanation a Guide to Philosophy of Science. Pref. By Stephen Toulmin. --.Norwood Russell Hanson - 1971 - Harper & Row.
  35.  1
    ‘Get Me the Airway There’: Negotiating Leadership in Obstetric Emergencies.Dimitrios Siassakos, Katherine Bristowe, Stephen O’Brien, Jo Angouri & Polina Mesinioti - 2020 - Discourse and Communication 14 (2):150-174.
    The article discusses leadership enactment in medical emergencies. We draw on video recordings of simulated obstetric emergencies and investigate how senior clinicians ‘do being’ the leader discursively in the spatiomaterial context of the emergency room. We take an interactional analysis approach, combining conversation analysis and interactional sociolinguistics and look specifically into the ways in which professional roles do interactional control using directives and questions in the material space of the obstetric room. We discuss this interactional performance in relation to the (...)
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  36.  4
    Analysis of Theories and Methods of Physics and Psychology: Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science.Michael Radner & Stephen Winokur (eds.) - 1970 - University of Minnesota Press.
    Analyses of Theories and Methods of Physics and Psychology was first published in 1970. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions.This is Volume IV of the Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, a series published in cooperation with the Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science at the University of Minnesota and edited by Herbert Feigl and Grover Maxwell. Dr. Feigl was the (...)
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  37.  27
    The Picturability of Micro-Entities.Stephen J. Noren - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (2):234-241.
    In Patterns of Discovery, [1], and Concept of the Positron, [2], the late N. R. Hanson put forward an intersting and, I believe, essentially sound argument to the effect that, necessarily, micro-entities are "unpicturable." Hanson's claim is centrally a claim about microreduction, but his use of the term 'unpicturable' may be misleading, generating critiques which overplay its implications and its importance. A. M. Paul, in a recent article, [4], has taken Hanson to task in this regard, claiming (...)
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  38.  14
    Human Rights and Threats Concerning Future People: A Sufficientarian Proposal.Jos Philips - 2016 - In Gerhard Bos & Marcus Düwell (eds.), Human Rights and Threats concerning Future People: a Sufficientarian Proposal. London: Routledge. pp. 82-94.
    Can human rights incorporate future people and their interests, considering all the risks and uncertainties by which these interests are surrounded? Given problems such as climate change, resource depletion and pollution, human rights cannot afford not to be able to do this if they are to remain relevant. On the other hand, taking future people on board may lead to (another) multiplication of human rights claims, and this is hardly good news either. Therefore, an adequate account of how to incorporate (...)
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  39.  32
    Kordig and the Theory-Ladenness of Observation.George Gale & Edward Walter - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (3):415-432.
    In a series of articles, the most extensive of which are [9] and [10], Carl R. Kordig has attacked the "new empiricism" of the late Norwood R. Hanson, P. K. Feyerabend, Thomas S. Kuhn, and Stephen E. Toulmin. While there are differ- ences among the views of these philosophers, they agree at least on the following claims: (1) scientific method does not proceed inductively from neutral observations because (a) observations are not free of interpretation; and (b) scientists, as (...)
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  40. The Core of the Case Against Judicial Review.Jeremy Waldron - 2006 - Yale Law Journal 115:1346-1406.
    author. University Professor in the School of Law, Columbia University. (From July 2006, Professor of Law, New York University.) Earlier versions of this Essay were presented at the Colloquium in Legal and Social Philosophy at University College London, at a law faculty workshop at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and at a constitutional law conference at Harvard Law School. I am particularly grateful to Ronald Dworkin, Ruth Gavison, and Seana Shiffrin for their formal comments on those occasions and also to (...)
     
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  41.  42
    Getting Philosophy of Science Socially Connected.Janet A. Kourany - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):991-1002.
    Nearly a half century ago, Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend, Stephen Toulmin, Norwood Russell Hanson, and others issued a challenge to us philosophers of science to make our field more relevant to actual science. That challenge, over time, has elicited a number of useful responses but very few efforts to situate science within its wider social context when philosophizing about science. The unit of analysis for philosophy of science has tended to remain science-in-a-vacuum. I consider the justifications we offer (...)
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  42.  60
    The Structure of Scientific Theories. [REVIEW]A. W. W. - 1975 - Review of Metaphysics 29 (2):358-359.
    This impressive volume presents the results of a symposium on the structure of scientific theories held at the University of Illinois, Urbana, on March 26-29, 1969; lest this create the wrong impression, let it be noted at the outset that the volume is much more than a collection of papers. Indeed, when one takes into account Frederick Suppe’s book-length introduction, the editing of the critical comments, the extensive bibliography, and the fine index, the work must be seen as the best (...)
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  43.  57
    I–Stephen Yablo.Stephen Yablo - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):229-261.
  44. Beauty Unlimited.Peg Zeglin Brand (ed.) - 2013 - Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
    Emphasizing the human body in all of its forms, Beauty Unlimited expands the boundaries of what is meant by beauty both geographically and aesthetically. Peg Zeglin Brand and an international group of contributors interrogate the body and the meaning of physical beauty in this multidisciplinary volume. This striking and provocative book explores the history of bodily beautification; the physicality of socially or culturally determined choices of beautification; the interplay of gender, race, class, age, sexuality, and ethnicity within and on the (...)
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  45.  77
    Confusion of Tongues: A Theory of Normative Language By Stephen Finlay.Stephen Finlay - 2020 - Analysis 80 (1):99-101.
    This is a short precis of my 2014 book Confusion of Tongues: A Theory of Normative Language, accompanying my Reply to Worsnip, Dowell, and Koehn in the same volume.
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  46.  22
    The Hanson-Hughes Debate on “The Crack of a Future Dawn.”.Robin Hanson - 2007 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 16 (1):99-126.
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  47.  54
    Matthias Adam: Theoriebeladenheit Und Objektivität. Zur Rolle von Beobachtungen in den Naturwissenschaften. [REVIEW]Claus Beisbart - 2007 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (1):193-200.
    Ever since work of Paul Feyerabend, Russell Hanson and Thomas Kuhn in the 1960s, the thesis of the theory-ladenness of scientific observation has attracted much attention both in the philosophy and the sociology of science. The main concern has always been epistemic. It was argued –or feared– that if scientific observations depend on prevalent theories, an objective empirical test of theories and hypotheses by independent observation and experience is impossible. This suggests that theories might appear to be well confirmed (...)
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  48.  59
    Does Ontology Rest on a Mistake?: Stephen Yablo.Stephen Yablo - 1998 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (1):229-262.
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  49.  3
    Perception and Discovery: An Introduction to Scientific Inquiry.Norwood Russell Hanson - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    We have been discussing some of the fundamental features of the classical calculus of probability. The equiprobability of rival events was seen to be a major assumption of the calculus. Moreover, it is an assumption which the pure mathematician need not bother to justify. He need only present his formal system as follows.
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  50.  1
    Hanson's Gambling Save Science?: Reply.Robin Hanson - 1995 - Social Epistemology 9 (1):45-45.
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