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Stephen P. Turner [54]Stephen Park Turner [1]
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Stephen Turner
University of South Florida
  1.  87
    The Social Theory of Practices: Tradition, Tacit Knowledge, and Presuppositions.Stephen P. Turner - 1994 - University of Chicago Press.
    The concept of "practices"--whether of representation, of political or scientific traditions, or of organizational culture--is central to social theory. In this book, Stephen Turner presents the first analysis and critique of the idea of practice as it has developed in the various theoretical traditions of the social sciences and the humanities. Understood broadly as a tacit understanding "shared" by a group, the concept of a practice has a fatal difficulty, Turner argues: there is no plausible mechanism by which a "practice" (...)
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  2.  4
    Explaining the Normative.Stephen P. Turner - 2010 - Polity.
    Normativity is what gives reasons their force, makes words meaningful, and makes rules and laws binding. It is present whenever we use such terms as ‘correct,' ‘ought,' ‘must,' and the language of obligation, responsibility, and logical compulsion. Yet normativists, the philosophers committed to this idea, admit that the idea of a non-causal normative realm and a body of normative objects is spooky. Explaining the Normative is the first systematic, historically grounded critique of normativism. It identifies the standard normativist pattern of (...)
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  3.  21
    Cognitive Science and the Social: A Primer.Stephen P. Turner - 2018 - New York, USA: Routledge.
    The rise of cognitive neuroscience is the most important scientific and intellectual development of the last thirty years. Findings pour forth, and major initiatives for brain research continue. The social sciences have responded to this development slowly--for good reasons. The implications of particular controversial findings, such as the discovery of mirror neurons, have been ambiguous, controversial within neuroscience itself, and difficult to integrate with conventional social science. Yet many of these findings, such as those of experimental neuro-economics, pose very direct (...)
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  4.  12
    Max Weber and the Dispute Over Reason and Value: A Study in Philosophy, Ethics, and Politics.Stephen P. Turner - 1984 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    The problem of the nature of values and the relation between values and rationality is one of the defining issues of twentieth-century thought and Max Weber was one of the defining figures in the debate. In this book, Turner and Factor consider the development of the dispute over Max Weber's contribution to this discourse, by showing how Weber's views have been used, revised and adapted in new contexts. The story of the dispute is itself fascinating, for it cuts across the (...)
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  5.  4
    The Politics of Expertise.Stephen P. Turner - 2013 - New York, USA: Routledge.
    This book collects case studies and theoretical papers on expertise, focusing on four major themes: legitimation, the aggregation of knowledge, the distribution of knowledge and the distribution of power. It focuses on the institutional means by which the distribution of knowledge and the distribution of power are connected, and how the problems of aggregating knowledge and legitimating it are solved by these structures. The radical novelty of this approach is that it places the traditional discussion of expertise in democracy into (...)
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  6.  7
    Causality In Crisis?: Statistical Methods & Search for Causal Knowledge in Social Sciences.Vaughn R. McKim & Stephen P. Turner (eds.) - 1997 - Notre Dame Press.
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  7.  4
    Understanding the Tacit.Stephen P. Turner - 2013 - New York, USA: Routledge.
    This book outlines a new account of the tacit, meaning tacit knowledge, presuppositions, practices, traditions, and so forth. It includes essays on topics such as underdetermination and mutual understanding, and critical discussions of the major alternative approaches to the tacit, including Bourdieu’s habitus and various practice theories, Oakeshott’s account of tradition, Quentin Skinner’s theory of historical meaning, Harry Collins’s idea of collective tacit knowledge, as well as discussions of relevant cognitive science concepts, such as non-conceptual content, connectionism, and mirror neurons. (...)
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  8.  5
    Max Weber: The Lawyer as Social Thinker.Stephen P. Turner & Regis A. Factor - 1994 - London: Routledge.
    Heinrich Schenker: A Research and Information Guide is an annotated bibliography concerning both the nature of primary sources related to the composer and the scope and significance of the secondary sources which deal with him, his compositions, and his influence as a composer and theorist.
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  9. Explaining Normativity.Stephen P. Turner - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (1):57-73.
    In this reply, I raise some questions about the account of "normativity" given by Joseph Rouse. I discuss the historical form of disputes over normativity in such thinkers as Kelsen and show that the standard issue with these accounts is over the question of whether there is anything added to the normal stream of explanation by the problem of normativity. I suggest that Rouse’s attempt to avoid the issues that arise with substantive explanatory theories of practices of the kind criticized (...)
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  10.  62
    Searle's Social Reality.Stephen P. Turner - 1999 - History and Theory 38 (2):211–231.
    In The Construction of Social Reality, John Searle expends an argument left undeveloped in Speech Acts about the nature of the rules which underlie and constitute social life. It is argued in this review that one problem for this account was its apparent incompatibility with connectionism. They cannot be rules shared in the head, so to speak. He now understands our relation to these rules not as one of simple internalization but of skillful accustoming. But this makes appeal to rules (...)
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  11.  42
    Mirror Neurons and Practices: A Response to Lizardo.Stephen P. Turner - 2007 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (3):351–371.
    Lizardo argues that The Social Theory of Practices is refuted by the discovery of mirror neurons. The book argues that the kind of sameness of tacit mental content assumed by practice theorists such as Bourdieu is fictional, because there is no actual process by which the same mental content can be transmitted. Mirror neurons, Lizardo claims, provide such a mechanism, as they imply that bodily automatisms, which can be understood as the basis of habitus and concepts, can be shared and (...)
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  12.  44
    Starting with Tacit Knowledge, Ending with Durkheim? [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (3):472-476.
  13. Normal Accidents of Expertise.Stephen P. Turner - 2010 - Minerva 48 (3):239-258.
    Charles Perrow used the term normal accidents to characterize a type of catastrophic failure that resulted when complex, tightly coupled production systems encountered a certain kind of anomalous event. These were events in which systems failures interacted with one another in a way that could not be anticipated, and could not be easily understood and corrected. Systems of the production of expert knowledge are increasingly becoming tightly coupled. Unlike classical science, which operated with a long time horizon, many current forms (...)
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  14.  17
    What Do We Mean by 'We'?Stephen P. Turner - 2003 - ProtoSociology 18:139-162.
    Abtract: The analytic philosophy form of the problem of collective intentionality originated with the claim that individual statements of the form ''I intend x" cannot add up to a "we intend x" statement. Analytic philosophers from Wilfrid Sellars on have pursued a strategy that construes these sentences as individual tellings of statements whose form is collective. The point of the strategy is to avoid the problematic idea of a real collective subject. This approach creates unusual epistemic problems. Although ''telling" of (...)
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  15.  5
    Review: Searle's Social Reality. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1999 - History and Theory 38 (2):211-231.
  16.  80
    The Disappearance of Tradition in Weber.Stephen P. Turner & Regis A. Factor - 1990 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):400-24.
    In this essay we will consider another basic topic: the problem of the nature of the distinctions between Sitte, Brauch, Wert, Mode, and Recht, on which Weber's discussion relies. These discussions typically involved the untranslatable concept of Sitte, which marks a contrast between practices or customs with normative force and “mere practice.” There is a close parallel to this distinction in American social thought in W. G. Sumner's latinate distinction between the mores and folkways of a society. In what follows (...)
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  17.  11
    Interpretive Charity, Durkheim, and the 'Strong Programme' in the Sociology of Science.Stephen P. Turner - 1981 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 11 (2):231.
  18.  11
    Did Funding Matter to the Development of Research Methods in Sociology? [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1998 - Minerva 36 (1):69-79.
    Review of: A History of Sociological Research Methods in America, 1920-1960, by Jennifer Platt. -/- One might expect a history of research methods in sociology during the 40 years this book examines to deal with such questions as the conceptual preconditions for the statistical techniques employed during the period, the changes in statistical practice, the failure of the effort to measure attitudes in a dramatically more precise way, the failure of the many hopes and expectations of methodologists, for the creation (...)
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  19.  1
    The Rule of Law Deflated: Weber and Kelsen.Stephen P. Turner - 2016 - Lo Stato 6:97-115.
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  20.  15
    Translating Ritual Beliefs.Stephen P. Turner - 1979 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 9 (4):401-423.
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  21.  2
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Towards Pragmatism.Stephen P. Turner - 2009 - Human Studies 32 (3):365-374.
  22.  18
    Book Reviews : Theoretical Logic in Sociology, Volume 1: Positivism, Presuppositions, and Current Controversies. BY JEFFREY C. ALEXANDER. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982. Pp. 234. $25.00 Cloth. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (1):77-82.
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  23.  16
    The Disappearance of Tradition in Weber.Stephen P. Turner & Regis A. Factor - 1990 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):400-424.
    In this essay we will consider another basic topic: the problem of the nature of the distinctions between Sitte, Brauch, Wert, Mode, and Recht, on which Weber's discussion relies. These discussions typically involved the untranslatable concept of Sitte, which marks a contrast between practices or customs with normative force and “mere practice.” There is a close parallel to this distinction in American social thought in W. G. Sumner's latinate distinction between the mores and folkways of a society. In what follows (...)
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  24.  1
    "Theoretical Logic in Sociology", Volume 1: "Positivism, Presuppositions, and Current Controversies" by Jeffrey C. Alexander.Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (1):77.
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  25.  56
    "Theoretical Logic in Sociology", Volume 2: "The Antinomies of Classical Thought: Marx and Durkheim" by Jeffrey C. Alexander.Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (2):211-216.
    The four volume work of which this book is a part has been praised as one of the great monuments of theoretical scholarship in sociology of the century. The praise has come largely from the older generation of students of Parsons and Merton. A great deal of dispraise has come from Alexander's own generation. Alan Sica's (1983) brilliant, biting review of Volume I speaks for many of Alexander's peers. Volume II is likely to be even more controversial. This volume begins (...)
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  26.  5
    Another Appraisal of Ortega, the Coles, and Science Policy: The Ecclesiastes Hypothesis.Stephen P. Turner & Daryl E. Chubin - 1976 - Social Science Information 15 (4-5):657-662.
  27.  50
    Bad Practices: A Reply. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1997 - Human Studies 20 (3):345-356.
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  28.  34
    Book Reviews : Theoretical Logic in Sociology, Vol. 3: The Classical Attempt at Theoretical Synthesis: Max Weber. BY JEFFREY C. ALEXANDER. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983. Pp. Xx + 242. $25.00. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (3):365-368.
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  29.  15
    The End of Functionalism. Parsons, Merton and Their Heirs.Stephen P. Turner - 1993 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (2):228-242.
  30.  25
    Underdetermination and the Promise of Statistical Sociology.Stephen P. Turner - 1987 - Sociological Theory 5 (2):172-184.
    The lack of "progress" in theory is often contrasted to progress in statistical methodology. The relation between the two bodies of thinking is itself problematic, however, for the particular advances in method that have occurred in quantitative sociology reflect a trade-off in which the results are characterized by the radical underdetermination of models by data and a high level of slack between measures and theoretical concepts. Both of these problems are usually understood as matters of "error," and thus as potentially (...)
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  31.  20
    Review Essays : The End of Functionalism: Parsons, Merton, and Their Heirs.Stephen P. Turner - 1993 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (2):228-228.
  32.  4
    Whose Tradition About Tradition?Stephen P. Turner - 1990 - Theory, Culture and Society 7 (4):175-185.
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  33.  30
    A Parting Shot at Misunderstanding: Fuller Vs. Kuhn: Steve Fuller, Kuhn Vs. Popper: The Struggle for the Soul of Science. Cambridge: Icon Books; Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 2003. Pp. 227. £9.99, A$29.95 HB. [REVIEW]David Mercer, Jerry Ravetz, Stephen P. Turner & Steve Fuller - 2004 - Metascience 14 (1):3-152.
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  34.  32
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Nora K. Bell, Samantha J. Brennan, William F. Bristow, Diana H. Coole, Justin DArms, Michael S. Davis, Daniel A. Dombrowski, John J. P. Donnelly, Anthony J. Ellis, Mark C. Fowler, Alan E. Fuchs, Chris Hackler, Garth L. Hallett, Rita C. Manning, Kevin E. Olson, Lansing R. Pollock, Marc Lee Raphael, Robert A. Sedler, Charlene Haddock Seigfried, Kristin S. Schrader‐Frechette, Anita Silvers, Doran Smolkin, Alan G. Soble, James P. Sterba, Stephen P. Turner & Eric Watkins - 2001 - Ethics 111 (2):446-459.
  35.  20
    Book Reviews : Theoretical Logic in Sociology, Volume 2: The Antinomies of Classical Thought: Marx and Durkheim. BY JEFFREY C. ALEXANDER. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983. Pp. 564. $39.50. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (2):211-216.
  36.  43
    Book Review : Theoretical Logic in Sociology, Volume 4: The Modern Reconstruction of Classical Thought: Talcott Parsons. By Jeffrey C. Alexander. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984. Pp. XXV + 530. $39.50. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (4):513-522.
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  37.  5
    Chance and Eminence in Science: Ecclesiastes II.Stephen P. Turner & Daryl E. Chubin - 1979 - Social Science Information 18 (3):437-449.
  38.  8
    Causality in Sociological Research. Jakub Karpiński. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1992 - Isis 83 (2):374-375.
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  39. Cause, Law, and Probability.Stephen P. Turner - 1987 - Sociological Theory 5 (1):15-19.
  40.  71
    Can There Be a Pragmatist Philosophy of Social Science?Stephen P. Turner - 2009 - Human Studies 32 (3):365-374.
    Many, and perhaps most, American philosophers will, if pressed, say that they are pragmatists. What they typically mean by this is that they think there is some class of philosophical questions that can’t be answered philosophically. If you don’t think that in the end philosophical arguments can possibly settle metaphysical questions, pragmatism is an appealing response. Pragmatism becomes a kind of default position which one reverts to when one removes a topic from the list of topics that can be reasonably (...)
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  41.  21
    Durkheim as a Methodologist Part II - Collective Forces, Causation, and Probability.Stephen P. Turner - 1984 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 14 (1):51-71.
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  42.  13
    Durkheim as a Methodologist Part I—Realism, Teleology, and Action.Stephen P. Turner - 1983 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 13 (4):425-450.
  43.  1
    From the Gutenberg Galaxy to the Digital Clouds.Stephen P. Turner - 2016 - The American Sociologist 47 (2-3):131-138.
    Publishing is changing rapidly, though these changes are concealed from academics, who are presented the appearances of the old world of print. The economic incentives and consequently the strategies of publishers have, however, changed. Where quality was once the road to profit, content now is, and novel digital delivery systems are the key to sales. Academic libraries have become storefronts for digital sales. Editors have become content collectors. At the same time publishing has attempted to mimic the accessibility of the (...)
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  44. Handbook of Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology.Stephen P. Turner & Mark W. Risjord (eds.) - 2006 - Elsevier.
    This volume concerns philosophical issues that arise from the practice of anthropology and sociology. The essays cover a wide range of issues, including traditional questions in the philosophy of social science as well as those specific to these disciplines. Authors attend to the historical development of the current debates and set the stage for future work.
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  45.  27
    Jasso's Principle.Stephen P. Turner - 1989 - Sociological Theory 7 (1):130-134.
    When S.C. Dodd concocted the empty formulae for which he is now remembered--as the butt of Sorokin's ridicule--he imagined that he was making a first pass at formulating the laws of social science. Dodd was as serious as Jasso and perhaps a bit more sophisticated and consistent in his choice of philosophical authorities. So one might suppose that Jasso's formulae (1988), which resemble them in certain respects, are subject to the same criticisms. I will argue that Jasso’s formulae are not (...)
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  46. Public Sociology and Democratic Theory Stephen P. Turner.Stephen P. Turner - 2009 - In Jeroen Van Bouwel (ed.), The Social Sciences and Democracy. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 165.
     
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  47.  8
    Review: Bad Practices: A Reply. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1997 - Human Studies 20 (3):345 - 356.
  48.  37
    Shrinking Merton.Stephen P. Turner - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):481-489.
    Agassi, Sztompka, Kincaid, and Crothers argue, in various ways, that Merton should not be held responsible for his published views on theory construction, and they provide psychological or strategic explanations for his failure to resolve issues with these views. I argue that this line of defense is unnecessary. A better case for Merton would be that theories in his middle-range sense were a nontechnical alternative solution to the problem of spurious correlation. Middle-range theory was not, however, a solution to the (...)
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  49.  16
    Social Theory and Sociology the Classics and Beyond.Stephen P. Turner - 1996 - Scholar Commons.
    This Timely volume represents an attempt by leading practitioners in the field to think reflexively about the present state of social theory and its historical analogues, and to consider new directions opposed to the "classical" social theorists, as well as new uses of the classics. Social Theory and Sociology begins to address a problem that is salient for students as well as academics, namely, why and how does the legacy of social theory matter? What is the value of what we (...)
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  50. "Theoretical Logic in Sociology", Vol. 4: "The Modern Reconstruction of Classical Thought" by Jeffrey C. Alexander.Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (4):513.
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