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Stephen Turner
University of South Florida
  1.  32
    The Social Theory of Practices: Tradition, Tacit Knowledge, and Presuppositions.Stephen P. Turner - 1994 - University of Chicago Press.
    The concept of "practices"--whether of representation, of political or scientific traditions, or of organizational culture--is central to social theory. In this book, Stephen Turner presents the first analysis and critique of the idea of practice as it has developed in the various theoretical traditions of the social sciences and the humanities. Understood broadly as a tacit understanding "shared" by a group, the concept of a practice has a fatal difficulty, Turner argues: there is no plausible mechanism by which a "practice" (...)
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  2.  5
    Explaining the Normative.Stephen P. Turner - 2013 - Polity.
    Normativity is what gives reasons their force, makes words meaningful, and makes rules and laws binding. It is present whenever we use such terms as ‘correct,' ‘ought,' ‘must,' and the language of obligation, responsibility, and logical compulsion. Yet normativists, the philosophers committed to this idea, admit that the idea of a non-causal normative realm and a body of normative objects is spooky. Explaining the Normative is the first systematic, historically grounded critique of normativism. It identifies the standard normativist pattern of (...)
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  3.  27
    Was Sellars an Error Theorist?Peter Olen & Stephen P. Turner - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7):2053-2075.
    Wilfrid Sellars described the moral syllogism that supports the inference “I ought to do x” from “Everyone ought to do x” as a “syntactical disguise” which embodies a “mistake.” He nevertheless regarded this form of reasoning as constitutive of the moral point of view. Durkheim was the source of much of this reasoning, and this context illuminates Sellars’ unusual philosophical reconstruction of the moral point of view in terms of the collective intentions of an ideal community of rational members for (...)
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  4. Brains/Practices/Relativism Social Theory After Cognitive Science.Stephen P. Turner - 2002
    In a series of tightly argued essays, Turner traces out the implications that discarding the notion of shared frameworks has for relativism, social constructionism, normativity, and a number of other concepts. He suggests ways in which these ideas might be reformulated more productively, in part through extended critiques of the work of scholars such as Ian Hacking, Andrew Pickering, Pierre Bourdieu, Quentin Skinner, Robert Brandom, Clifford Geertz, and Edward Shils.
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  5. The Survey in Nineteenth-Century American Geology: The Evolution of a Form of Patronage. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1987 - Minerva 25 (3):282-330.
  6. Liberal Democracy 3.0 Civil Society in an Age of Experts.Stephen P. Turner - 2003
     
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  7.  8
    Tacit Knowledg and the Problem of Computer Modelling Cognitive Processes in Science.Stephen P. Turner - 1989 - In Steve Fuller (ed.), The Cognitive Turn: Sociological and Psychological Perspectives on Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    In what follows I propose to bring out certain methodological properties of projects of modelling the tacit realm that bear on the kinds of modelling done in connection with scientific cognition by computer as well as by ethnomethodological sociologists, both of whom must make some claims about the tacit in the course of their efforts to model cognition. The same issues, I will suggest, bear on the project of a cognitive psychology of science as well.
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  8.  7
    "Theoretical Logic in Sociology", Volume 2: "The Antinomies of Classical Thought: Marx and Durkheim" by Jeffrey C. Alexander.Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (2):211-216.
    The four volume work of which this book is a part has been praised as one of the great monuments of theoretical scholarship in sociology of the century. The praise has come largely from the older generation of students of Parsons and Merton. A great deal of dispraise has come from Alexander's own generation. Alan Sica's (1983) brilliant, biting review of Volume I speaks for many of Alexander's peers. Volume II is likely to be even more controversial. This volume begins (...)
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  9.  38
    Starting with Tacit Knowledge, Ending with Durkheim? [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (3):472-476.
  10.  84
    Explaining Normativity.Stephen P. Turner - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (1):57-73.
    In this reply, I raise some questions about the account of "normativity" given by Joseph Rouse. I discuss the historical form of disputes over normativity in such thinkers as Kelsen and show that the standard issue with these accounts is over the question of whether there is anything added to the normal stream of explanation by the problem of normativity. I suggest that Rouse’s attempt to avoid the issues that arise with substantive explanatory theories of practices of the kind criticized (...)
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  11.  3
    Public Sociology and Democratic Theory.Stephen P. Turner - 2009 - In Jeroen Van Bouwel (ed.), The Social Sciences and Democracy. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Sociology, as conceived by Comte, was to put an end to the anarchy of opinions characteristic of liberal democracy by replacing opinion with the truths of sociology, imposed through indoctrination. Later sociologists backed away from this, making sociology acceptable to liberal democracy by being politically neutral. The critics of this solution asked 'whose side are we on?' Burawoy provides a novel justification for advocacy scholarship in sociology. Public sociology is intended to have political effects, but also to be funded by (...)
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  12.  34
    Mirror Neurons and Practices: A Response to Lizardo.Stephen P. Turner - 2007 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (3):351–371.
    Lizardo argues that The Social Theory of Practices is refuted by the discovery of mirror neurons. The book argues that the kind of sameness of tacit mental content assumed by practice theorists such as Bourdieu is fictional, because there is no actual process by which the same mental content can be transmitted. Mirror neurons, Lizardo claims, provide such a mechanism, as they imply that bodily automatisms, which can be understood as the basis of habitus and concepts, can be shared and (...)
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  13.  41
    Searle's Social Reality.Stephen P. Turner - 1999 - History and Theory 38 (2):211–231.
    In The Construction of Social Reality, John Searle expends an argument left undeveloped in Speech Acts about the nature of the rules which underlie and constitute social life. It is argued in this review that one problem for this account was its apparent incompatibility with connectionism. They cannot be rules shared in the head, so to speak. He now understands our relation to these rules not as one of simple internalization but of skillful accustoming. But this makes appeal to rules (...)
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  14. Max Weber and the Dispute Over Reason and Value: A Study in Philosophy, Ethics, and Politics.Stephen P. Turner - 1984 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  15.  69
    Can There Be a Pragmatist Philosophy of Social Science?Stephen P. Turner - 2009 - Human Studies 32 (3):365-374.
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  16. Cause, the Persistence of Teleology, and the Origins of the Philosophy of Social Science.Stephen P. Turner - 2003 - In Stephen P. Turner and Paul Roth (ed.), Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. pp. 21-42.
    The subject of this chapter is the complex and confusing course of the discussion of cause and teleology before and during the period of Mill and Comte, and its aftermath up to the early years of the twentieth century in the thinking of several of the major founding figures of disciplinary social science. The discussion focused on the problem of the sufficiency of causal explanations, and particularly the question of whether some particular fact could be explained without appeal to purpose. (...)
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  17. Weltgeist, Intention, and Reproduction: A Code.Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Sociological Theory 3 (1):23-28.
  18. Cause, Law, and Probability.Stephen P. Turner - 1987 - Sociological Theory 5 (1):15-19.
  19.  30
    The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Stephen P. Turner & Paul A. Roth (eds.) - 2003 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences _collects newly commissioned essays that examine fundamental issues in the social sciences.
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  20.  21
    On the Relevance of Statistical Relevance Theory.Stephen P. Turner - 1982 - Theory and Decision 14 (2):195-205.
    In Salmon's discussion of his account of statistical relevance and statistical explanation there is a peculiarity in the selection of examples. Where he wishes to show that statistical accounts are reasonably treated as explanatory, he draws examples from the social sciences, such as juvenile delinquency. But when he explains the concept of 'causal' relevance, the examples are selected from the natural sciences. This conceals difficulties with salmon's account of causality in the face of multiple causes such as are characteristic of (...)
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  21.  2
    Did Funding Matter to the Development of Research Methods in Sociology? [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1998 - Minerva 36 (1):69-79.
    Review of: A History of Sociological Research Methods in America, 1920-1960, by Jennifer Platt. -/- One might expect a history of research methods in sociology during the 40 years this book examines to deal with such questions as the conceptual preconditions for the statistical techniques employed during the period, the changes in statistical practice, the failure of the effort to measure attitudes in a dramatically more precise way, the failure of the many hopes and expectations of methodologists, for the creation (...)
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  22.  7
    The Disappearance of Tradition in Weber.Stephen P. Turner & Regis A. Factor - 1990 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):400-424.
    In this essay we will consider another basic topic: the problem of the nature of the distinctions between Sitte, Brauch, Wert, Mode, and Recht, on which Weber's discussion relies. These discussions typically involved the untranslatable concept of Sitte, which marks a contrast between practices or customs with normative force and “mere practice.” There is a close parallel to this distinction in American social thought in W. G. Sumner's latinate distinction between the mores and folkways of a society. In what follows (...)
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  23. Introduction. Ghosts and the Machine: Issues of Agency, Rationality, and Scientific Methodology in Contemporary Philosophy of Social Science.Stephen P. Turner & Paul A. Roth - 2003 - In Stephen P. Turner & Paul Andrew Roth (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Blackwell. pp. 1--17.
    This anthology surveys an intellectual landscape vastly and importantly reshaped over the last twenty-five years. Historically, the philosophy of the social sciences has been an inquiry loosely organized around the problem of the scientific status of social knowledge. This problematic emerges with social sciences themselves in the latter part of the nineteenth century and continued, in one form or another, to dominate discussion through the better part of the next. A trio of core issues-- the scientific status of intentional explanations (...)
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  24.  16
    Review Essays : The End of Functionalism: Parsons, Merton, and Their Heirs.Stephen P. Turner - 1993 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (2):228-228.
  25. "Theoretical Logic in Sociology", Volume 1: "Positivism, Presuppositions, and Current Controversies" by Jeffrey C. Alexander.Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (1):77.
     
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  26. Interpretive Charity, Durkheim, and the 'Strong Programme' in the Sociology of Science.Stephen P. Turner - 1981 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 11 (2):231.
  27.  18
    Social Theory Without Wholes.Stephen P. Turner - 1984 - Human Studies 7 (3-4):259 - 284.
    Language is the tradition of nations; each generation describes what it sees, but it uses words transmitted from the past. When a great entity like the British Constitution has continued in connected outward sameness, but hidden inner change, for many ages, every generation inherits a series of inapt words — of maxims once true, but of which the truth is ceasing or has ceased. As a man’s family go on muttering in his maturity incorrect phrases derived from a just observation (...)
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  28.  20
    The Limits of Reason and Some Limitations of Weber's Morality.Regis A. Factor & Stephen P. Turner - 1979 - Human Studies 2 (1):301 - 334.
  29.  19
    The Process of Criticism in Interpretive Sociology and History.Stephen P. Turner & David R. Carr - 1978 - Human Studies 1 (1):138 - 152.
  30.  13
    A Parting Shot at Misunderstanding: Fuller Vs. Kuhn. [REVIEW]David Mercer, Jerry Ravetz, Stephen P. Turner & Steve Fuller - 2004 - Metascience 14 (1):3-152.
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  31.  8
    Translating Ritual Beliefs.Stephen P. Turner - 1979 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 9 (4):401-423.
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  32.  25
    Shrinking Merton.Stephen P. Turner - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):481-489.
    Agassi, Sztompka, Kincaid, and Crothers argue, in various ways, that Merton should not be held responsible for his published views on theory construction, and they provide psychological or strategic explanations for his failure to resolve issues with these views. I argue that this line of defense is unnecessary. A better case for Merton would be that theories in his middle-range sense were a nontechnical alternative solution to the problem of spurious correlation. Middle-range theory was not, however, a solution to the (...)
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  33.  25
    Bad Practices: A Reply. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1997 - Human Studies 20 (3):345-356.
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  34.  23
    Underdetermination and the Promise of Statistical Sociology.Stephen P. Turner - 1987 - Sociological Theory 5 (2):172-184.
    The lack of "progress" in theory is often contrasted to progress in statistical methodology. The relation between the two bodies of thinking is itself problematic, however, for the particular advances in method that have occurred in quantitative sociology reflect a trade-off in which the results are characterized by the radical underdetermination of models by data and a high level of slack between measures and theoretical concepts. Both of these problems are usually understood as matters of "error," and thus as potentially (...)
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  35.  17
    Book Review : Theoretical Logic in Sociology, Volume 4: The Modern Reconstruction of Classical Thought: Talcott Parsons. By Jeffrey C. Alexander. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984. Pp. XXV + 530. $39.50. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (4):513-522.
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  36.  13
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Nora K. Bell, Samantha J. Brennan, William F. Bristow, Diana H. Coole, Justin DArms, Michael S. Davis, Daniel A. Dombrowski, John J. P. Donnelly, Anthony J. Ellis, Mark C. Fowler, Alan E. Fuchs, Chris Hackler, Garth L. Hallett, Rita C. Manning, Kevin E. Olson, Lansing R. Pollock, Marc Lee Raphael, Robert A. Sedler, Charlene Haddock Seigfried, Kristin S. Schrader‐Frechette, Anita Silvers, Doran Smolkin, Alan G. Soble, James P. Sterba, Stephen P. Turner & Eric Watkins - 2001 - Ethics 111 (2):446-459.
  37.  9
    Practice Relativism (Relativismo de Prácticas).Stephen P. Turner - 2007 - Critica 39 (115):5 - 29.
    Practice relativism is the idea that practices are foundational for bodies of activity and thought, and differ from one another in ways that lead those who constitute the world in terms of them to incommensurable or conflicting conclusions. It is true that practices are not criticizable in any simple way because they are largely tacit and inaccessible. But to make them relativistic one needs an added claim: that practices are "normative", or conceptual in character. It is argued that this is (...)
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  38.  12
    Durkheim as a Methodologist* Part II-Collective Forces, Causation, and Probability.Stephen P. Turner - 1984 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 14 (1):51-71.
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  39.  3
    The End of Functionalism. Parsons, Merton and Their Heirs.Stephen P. Turner - 1993 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (2):228-242.
  40.  4
    3 MacIntyre in the Province of the Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Stephen P. Turner - 2003 - In Mark C. Murphy (ed.), Alasdair Macintyre. Cambridge University Press. pp. 70.
    Many of the key issues that the later papers address are contained in his 1962 paper “A mistake about causality in social science,” which I will show, was an important seed bed for his later thought. The concept of practices MacIntyre developed was itself a social theory: the “philosophical” conclusions are dependent on its validity as an account of practices as a social phenomenon. There is a question of philosophical or social theoretical method that bears on the status of this (...)
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  41.  7
    Jasso's Principle.Stephen P. Turner - 1989 - Sociological Theory 7 (1):130-134.
    When S.C. Dodd concocted the empty formulae for which he is now remembered--as the butt of Sorokin's ridicule--he imagined that he was making a first pass at formulating the laws of social science. Dodd was as serious as Jasso and perhaps a bit more sophisticated and consistent in his choice of philosophical authorities. So one might suppose that Jasso's formulae (1988), which resemble them in certain respects, are subject to the same criticisms. I will argue that Jasso’s formulae are not (...)
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  42.  1
    Causality in Sociological Research. Jakub Karpiński. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1992 - Isis 83 (2):374-375.
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  43.  1
    Review: Bad Practices: A Reply. [REVIEW]Stephen P. Turner - 1997 - Human Studies 20 (3):345 - 356.
  44. Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Social and Political Theory.Gerard Delanty & Stephen P. Turner - 2011 - Routledge.
    The triangular relationship between the social, the political and the cultural has opened up social and political theory to new challenges. The social can no longer be reduced to the category of society, and the political extends beyond the traditional concerns of the nature of the state and political authority. -/- This Handbook will address a range of issues that have recently emerged from the disciplines of social and political theory, focusing on key themes as opposed to schools of thought (...)
     
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  45.  29
    Emile Durkheim: Sociologist and Moralist.Stephen P. Turner (ed.) - 1993 - Routledge.
    This volume presents an overview of Durkheim's thought and is representative of the best of contemporary Durkheim scholarship.
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  46. Explaining the Normative.Stephen P. Turner - 2010 - Polity.
    Normativity is what gives reasons their force, makes words meaningful, and makes rules and laws binding. It is present whenever we use such terms as ‘correct,' ‘ought,' ‘must,' and the language of obligation, responsibility, and logical compulsion. Yet normativists, the philosophers committed to this idea, admit that the idea of a non-causal normative realm and a body of normative objects is spooky. Explaining the Normative is the first systematic, historically grounded critique of normativism. It identifies the standard normativist pattern of (...)
     
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  47. Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology.Stephen P. Turner & Mark W. Risjord (eds.) - 2007 - Elsevier.
    This volume concerns philosophical issues that arise from the practice of anthropology and sociology. The essays cover a wide range of issues, including traditional questions in the philosophy of social science as well as those specific to these disciplines. Authors attend to the historical development of the current debates and set the stage for future work. · Comprehensive survey of philosophical issues in anthropology and sociology · Historical discussion of important debates · Applications to current research in anthropology and sociology.
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  48. Practice Relativism.Stephen P. Turner - 2007 - Crítica: Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía 39 (115):5-29.
    Practice relativism is the idea that practices are foundational for bodies of activity and thought, and differ from one another in ways that lead those who constitute the world in terms of them to incommensurable or conflicting conclusions. It is true that practices are not criticizable in any simple way because they are largely tacit and inaccessible. But to make them relativistic one needs an added claim: that practices are "normative", or conceptual in character. It is argued that this is (...)
     
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  49. Public Sociology and Democratic Theory Stephen P. Turner.Stephen P. Turner - 2009 - In Jeroen Van Bouwel (ed.), The Social Sciences and Democracy. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 165.
     
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  50. Social Theory and Sociology the Classics and Beyond.Stephen P. Turner - 1996
    This Timely volume represents an attempt by leading practitioners in the field to think reflexively about the present state of social theory and its historical analogues, and to consider new directions opposed to the "classical" social theorists, as well as new uses of the classics. Social Theory and Sociology begins to address a problem that is salient for students as well as academics, namely, why and how does the legacy of social theory matter? What is the value of what we (...)
     
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