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Stephen Schiffer [104]Stephen R. Schiffer [14]
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Stephen Schiffer
New York University
  1. The Things We Mean.Stephen Schiffer - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Stephen Schiffer presents a groundbreaking account of meaning and belief, and shows how it can illuminate a range of crucial problems regarding language, mind, knowledge, and ontology. He introduces the new doctrine of 'pleonastic propositions' to explain what the things we mean and believe are. He discusses the relation between semantic and psychological facts, on the one hand, and physical facts, on the other; vagueness and indeterminacy; moral truth; conditionals; and the role of propositional content in information acquisition and explanation. (...)
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  2.  59
    Remnants of Meaning.Stephen R. Schiffer - 1987 - MIT Press.
  3. Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 1972 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
    What is it for marks or sounds to have meaning, and what is it for someone to mean something in producing them? Answering these and related questions, Schiffer explores communication, speech acts, convention, and the meaning of linguistic items in this reissue of a seminal work on the foundations of meaning. A new introduction takes account of recent developments and places his theory in a broader context.
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  4. The Things We Mean.Stephen Schiffer - 2005 - Mind 114 (453):97-111.
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  5. XIII—Contextualist Solutions to Scepticism.Stephen Schiffer - 1996 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 96 (1):317-334.
  6.  10
    The Things We Mean.Stephen Schiffer - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (1):208-210.
    In The Things We Mean I argue that there exist such things as the things we mean and believe, and that they are what I call pleonastic propositions. The first two chapters offer an initial motivation and articulation of the theory of pleonastic propositions, and of pleonastic entities generally. The remaining six chapters bring that theory to bear on issues in the theory of content: the existence and nature of meanings; knowledge of meaning; the meaning relation and compositional semantics; the (...)
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  7. Belief Ascription.Stephen Schiffer - 1992 - Journal of Philosophy 89 (10):499-521.
  8. Meaning.Stephen R. Schiffer - 1973 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 163:478-479.
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  9. Meaning and Formal Semantics in Generative Grammar.Stephen Schiffer - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (1):61-87.
    A generative grammar for a language L generates one or more syntactic structures for each sentence of L and interprets those structures both phonologically and semantically. A widely accepted assumption in generative linguistics dating from the mid-60s, the Generative Grammar Hypothesis , is that the ability of a speaker to understand sentences of her language requires her to have tacit knowledge of a generative grammar of it, and the task of linguistic semantics in those early days was taken to be (...)
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  10. The Things We Mean.Stephen Schiffer - 2003 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 66 (2):395-395.
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  11. Ceteris Paribus Laws.Stephen Schiffer - 1991 - Mind 100 (397):1-17.
  12. The Things We Mean.Stephen Schiffer - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (223):301-303.
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  13. Truth and the Theory of Content.Stephen R. Schiffer - 1981 - In Herman Parret (ed.), Meaning and Understanding. Berlin.
     
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  14. Remnants of Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (2):409-423.
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  15. Remnants of Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 1990 - Studia Logica 49 (3):427-428.
     
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  16. Skepticism and the Vagaries of Justified Belief.Stephen Schiffer - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 119 (1-2):161-184.
  17. Interest-Relative Invariantism. [REVIEW]Stephen Schiffer - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (1):188 - 195.
    In his important book Knowledge and Practical Interests, Jason Stanley advances a proposal about knowledge and the semantics of knowledge ascriptions which he calls interest-relative invariantism. A theory of knowledge ascriptions of the form ‘A knows that S’ is invariantist.
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  18. The Basis of Reference.Stephen Schiffer - 1978 - Erkenntnis 13 (1):171--206.
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  19. Two-Dimensional Semantics and Propositional Attitude Content.Stephen R. Schiffer - 2003 - In The Things We Mean. Oxford University Press.
  20.  3
    Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (201):527-536.
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  21. Expression-Meaning and Vagueness.Stephen Schiffer - forthcoming - In Arthur Sullivan (ed.), Sensations, Thoughts, Language: Essays in Honor of Brian Loar. Routledge.
    Brian Loar attempted to provide the Gricean program of intention-based semantics with an account of expression-meaning. But the theory he presented, like virtually every other foundational semantic or meta-semantical theory, was an idealization that ignored vagueness. What would happen if we tried to devise theories that accommodated the vagueness of vague expressions? I offer arguments based on well-known features of vagueness that, if sound, show that neither Brian’s nor any other extant theory could successfully make that adjustment, and this because, (...)
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  22. Amazing Knowledge.Stephen Schiffer - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy 99 (4):200 - 202.
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  23. Descriptions, Indexicals, and Belief Reports: Some Dilemmas (but Not the Ones You Expect).Stephen Schiffer - 1995 - Mind 104 (413):107-131.
  24.  69
    Two Issues of Vagueness.Stephen Schiffer - 1998 - The Monist 81 (2):193--214.
    Two issues of vagueness, which may together exhaust its philosophical interest, are, first, to solve the sorites paradox and, second, to explain the notion of a borderline case. I’ll try to make a little headway on both issues.
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  25.  82
    Cognitive Propositions.Stephen Schiffer - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (9):2551-2563.
    Soames's new theory of "cognitive propositions" is presented and several prima facie objections are presented to it.
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  26. Russell's Theory of Definite Descriptions.Stephen Schiffer - 2005 - Mind 114 (456):1135-1183.
    The proper statement and assessment of Russell's theory depends on one's semantic presuppositions. A semantic framework is provided, and Russell's theory formulated in terms of it. Referential uses of descriptions raise familiar problems for the theory, to which there are, at the most general level of abstraction, two possible Russellian responses. Both are considered, and both found wanting. The paper ends with a brief consideration of what the correct positive theory of definite descriptions might be, if it is not the (...)
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  27.  96
    Naming and Knowing.Stephen Schiffer - 1979 - In A. French Peter, E. Uehling Theodore, Howard Jr & K. Wettstein (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives in the Philosophy of Language. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 28-41.
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  28. The Mode-of-Presentation Problem.Stephen Schiffer - 1990 - In C. A. Anderson J. Owens (ed.), Propositional Attitudes: The Role of Content in Logic, Language, and Mind. CSLI. pp. 249-268.
  29. Indexicals and the Theory of Reference.Stephen Schiffer - 1981 - Synthese 49 (1):43--100.
  30. The Epistemic Theory of Vagueness.Stephen Schiffer - 1999 - Philosophical Perspectives 13:481-503.
  31. A Problem for a Direct-Reference Theory of Belief Reports.Stephen Schiffer - 2006 - Noûs 40 (2):361-368.
    (1) The propositions we believe and say are _Russellian_ _propositions_: structured propositions whose basic components are the objects and properties our thoughts and speech acts are about. (2) Many singular terms.
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  32. A Paradox of Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 1994 - Noûs 28 (3):279-324.
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  33. Vague Properties.Stephen Schiffer - 2010 - In Richard Dietz & Sebastiano Moruzzi (eds.), Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, and its Logic. Oxford University Press. pp. 109--130.
    I. Vague Properties and the Problem of Vagueness The philosophical problem of vagueness is to say what vagueness is in a way that helps to resolve the sorites paradox. Saying what vagueness is requires saying what kinds of things can be vague and in what the vagueness of each kind consists. Philosophers dispute whether things of this, that, or the other kind can be vague, but no one disputes that there are vague linguistic expressions. Among vague expressions, predicates hold a (...)
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  34.  37
    Amie Thomasson's Easy Approach to Ontology.Stephen Schiffer - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (1):244-250.
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  35. Propositional Content.Stephen R. Schiffer - 2008 - In Ernest LePore & B. Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press.
    To a first approximation, _propositional content_ is whatever _that-clauses_ contribute to what is ascribed in utterances of sentences such as Ralph believes _that Tony Curtis is alive_. Ralph said _that Tony Curtis is alive_. Ralph hopes _that Tony Curtis is alive_. Ralph desires _that Tony Curtis is alive_.
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  36.  73
    Meaning and Value.Stephen Schiffer - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (11):602-614.
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  37. Evidence= Knowledge: Williamson's Solution to Skepticism?Stephen Schiffer - 2009 - In Patrick Greenough, Duncan Pritchard & Timothy Williamson (eds.), Williamson on Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 183--202.
    A single argument template---the EPH template---can be used to generate versions of the best known and most challenging skeptical problems. In his brilliantly groundbreaking book Knowledge and Its Limits, Timothy Williamson presents a theory of knowledge and evidence which he clearly intends to provide a response to skepticism in its most important forms. After laying out EPH skepticism and reviewing possible ways of responding to it, I show how elements of Williamson’s theory motivate a hitherto unexplored way of responding to (...)
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  38.  53
    Vagueness and Partial Belief.Stephen Schiffer - 2000 - Noûs 34 (s1):220 - 257.
  39.  63
    Intention-Based Semantics.Stephen Schiffer - 1982 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 23 (2):119--156.
  40. Propositions, What Are They Good For?Stephen Schiffer - 2012 - In Richard Schantz (ed.), Prospects for Meaning (Current Issues in Theoretical Philosophy, Vol. 3). Walter de Gruyter.
    Although there is a vast literature on whether propositional attitudes are relations to propositions, a crucial question that ought to lie at the heart of this debate is not often enough seriously addressed. This is the question of the contribution propositions make to the ways in which we benefit from having our propositional-attitude concepts, if those concepts are concepts of relations to propositions. Unless propositions can be shown to confer a benefit that no non-propositions could provide, we should probably doubt (...)
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  41. The 'Fido'-Fido Theory of Belief.Stephen Schiffer - 1987 - Philosophical Perspectives 1:455-480.
  42.  23
    Vagueness and Partial Belief.Stephen Schiffer - 2000 - Philosophical Issues 10 (1):220-257.
  43.  76
    Boghossian on Externalism and Inference.Stephen Schiffer - 1992 - Philosophical Issues 2:29-38.
    Suppose we think in a language of thought. Then Paul Boghossian' is prepared to argue, first, that there may be ambiguous Mentalese expression types that have unambiguous tokens, and, second, that the way in which this is possible allows for otherwise valid theoretical or practical reasoning to be rendered invalid owing to equivocation of a sort that may be undetectable to the reasoner. Paul sees this as a possible basis from which to launch an argument for what some might call (...)
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  44. Two Perspectives on Knowledge of Language.Stephen Schiffer - 2006 - Philosophical Issues 16 (1):275–287.
  45.  98
    Actual-Language Relations.Stephen Schiffer - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7:231-258.
  46.  59
    A Paradox of Desire.Stephen Schiffer - 1976 - American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (3):195 - 203.
  47.  22
    Gricean Semantics and Vague Speaker-Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 2017 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):293-317.
    Presentations of Gricean semantics, including Stephen Neale’s in “Silent Reference,” totally ignore vagueness, even though virtually every utterance is vague. I ask how Gricean semantics might be adjusted to accommodate vague speaker-meaning. My answer is that it can’t accommodate it: the Gricean program collapses in the face of vague speaker-meaning. The Gricean might, however, find some solace in knowing that every other extant meta-semantic and semantic program is in the same boat.
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  48. Communication.Stephen Schiffer - unknown
    S produces the sounds “It’s snowing” in the presence of A, and A instantaneously comes to know that it’s snowing. S has communicated to, or told, A that it’s snowing, and, as a result of S’s speech act, A came to know that it was snowing. Philosophical interest in communication turns on four inter-related questions. The first is about the logical structure of communication, or, more specifically, about whether communication is a relation that holds among three things just in case (...)
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  49. Meaning In Speech and In Thought.Stephen Schiffer - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (250):141-159.
    If we think in a lingua mentis, questions about relations between linguistic meaning and propositional-attitude content become questions about relations between meaning in a public language (p-meaning) and meaning in a language of thought (t-meaning). Whether or not the neo-Gricean is correct that p-meaning can be defined in terms of t-meaning and then t-meaning defined in terms of the causal-functional roles of mentalese expressions, it's apt to seem obvious that separate accounts are needed of p-meaning and t-meaning, since p-meaning, unlike (...)
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    Paradox and the A Priori.Stephen Schiffer - 2005 - In Tamar Szabo Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--273.
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