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Stephen Schiffer [118]Stephen R. Schiffer [13]
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Stephen Schiffer
New York University
  1. The things we mean.Stephen R. Schiffer - 2003 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Stephen Schiffer presents a groundbreaking account of meaning and belief, and shows how it can illuminate a range of crucial problems regarding language, mind, knowledge, and ontology. He introduces the new doctrine of 'pleonastic propositions' to explain what the things we mean and believe are. He discusses the relation between semantic and psychological facts, on the one hand, and physical facts, on the other; vagueness and indeterminacy; moral truth; conditionals; and the role of propositional content in information acquisition and explanation. (...)
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  2. Meaning.Stephen R. Schiffer - 1972 - Oxford,: Clarendon Press.
    What is it for marks or sounds to have meaning, and what is it for someone to mean something in producing them? Answering these and related questions, Schiffer explores communication, speech acts, convention, and the meaning of linguistic items in this reissue of a seminal work on the foundations of meaning. A new introduction takes account of recent developments and places his theory in a broader context.
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  3. Remnants of Meaning.Stephen R. Schiffer - 1987 - MIT Press.
    In this foundational work on the theory of linguistic and mental representation, Stephen Schiffer surveys all the leading theories of meaning and content in the philosophy of language and finds them lacking. He concludes that there can be no correct, positive philosophical theory or linguistic or mental representation and, accordingly advocates the deflationary "no-theory theory of meaning and content." Along the way he takes up functionalism, the nature of propositions and their suitability as contents, the language of thought and other (...)
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  4. Meaning.Stephen R. Schiffer - 1973 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 163:478-479.
     
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  5. XIII*—Contextualist Solutions to Scepticism.Stephen Schiffer - 1996 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 96 (1):317-334.
    Stephen Schiffer; XIII*—Contextualist Solutions to Scepticism, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 96, Issue 1, 1 June 1996, Pages 317–334, https://.
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  6. The Things We Mean.Stephen Schiffer - 2003 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 66 (2):395-395.
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  7. Remnants of Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 1990 - Studia Logica 49 (3):427-428.
     
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  8. The Things We Mean.Stephen Schiffer - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (223):301-303.
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  9.  23
    Précis of The Things We Mean.Stephen Schiffer - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (1):208-210.
    In The Things We Mean I argue that there exist such things as the things we mean and believe, and that they are what I call pleonastic propositions. The first two chapters offer an initial motivation and articulation of the theory of pleonastic propositions, and of pleonastic entities generally. The remaining six chapters bring that theory to bear on issues in the theory of content: the existence and nature of meanings; knowledge of meaning; the meaning relation and compositional semantics; the (...)
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  10. Belief ascription.Stephen Schiffer - 1992 - Journal of Philosophy 89 (10):499-521.
  11. Remnants of Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (2):409-423.
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  12. Language created, language independent entities.Stephen Schiffer - 1996 - Philosophical Topics 24 (1):149-167.
  13. Ceteris paribus laws.Stephen Schiffer - 1991 - Mind 100 (397):1-17.
  14. Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 1972 - Philosophy 51 (195):102-109.
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  15. Truth and the theory of content.Stephen R. Schiffer - 1981 - In Herman Parret (ed.), Meaning and Understanding. Berlin.
     
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  16. The basis of reference.Stephen Schiffer - 1978 - Erkenntnis 13 (1):171--206.
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  17. Naming and knowing.Stephen Schiffer - 1977 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 2 (1):28-41.
  18.  6
    Truth and the Theory of Content.Stephen Schiffer - 1981 - In Herman Parret & Jacques Bouveresse (eds.), Meaning and understanding. W. de Gruyter. pp. 204-222.
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  19.  5
    Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (201):527-536.
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  20. Meaning and Formal Semantics in Generative Grammar.Stephen Schiffer - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (1):61-87.
    A generative grammar for a language L generates one or more syntactic structures for each sentence of L and interprets those structures both phonologically and semantically. A widely accepted assumption in generative linguistics dating from the mid-60s, the Generative Grammar Hypothesis , is that the ability of a speaker to understand sentences of her language requires her to have tacit knowledge of a generative grammar of it, and the task of linguistic semantics in those early days was taken to be (...)
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  21. Indexicals and the theory of reference.Stephen Schiffer - 1981 - Synthese 49 (1):43--100.
  22. The Mode-of-Presentation Problem.Stephen Schiffer - 1990 - In C. Anthony Anderson & Joseph Owens (eds.), Propositional Attitudes: The Role of Content in Logic, Language, and Mind. CSLI. pp. 249-268.
  23. Skepticism and the vagaries of justified belief.Stephen Schiffer - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 119 (1-2):161-184.
  24. Descriptions, indexicals, and belief reports: Some dilemmas (but not the ones you expect).Stephen Schiffer - 1995 - Mind 104 (413):107-131.
  25.  79
    Two Issues of Vagueness.Stephen Schiffer - 1998 - The Monist 81 (2):193--214.
    Two issues of vagueness, which may together exhaust its philosophical interest, are, first, to solve the sorites paradox and, second, to explain the notion of a borderline case. I’ll try to make a little headway on both issues.
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  26.  77
    Intention-Based Semantics.Stephen Schiffer - 1982 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 23 (2):119--156.
  27. A paradox of meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 1994 - Noûs 28 (3):279-324.
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  28. Two-dimensional semantics and propositional attitude content.Stephen R. Schiffer - 2003 - In The things we mean. New York: Oxford University Press.
  29. Amazing Knowledge.Stephen Schiffer - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy 99 (4):200-202.
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  30.  36
    Vagueness and Partial Belief.Stephen Schiffer - 2000 - Philosophical Issues 10 (1):220-257.
  31. The 'fido'-fido theory of belief.Stephen Schiffer - 1987 - Philosophical Perspectives 1:455-480.
  32. A problem for a direct-reference theory of belief reports.Stephen Schiffer - 2006 - Noûs 40 (2):361-368.
    (1) The propositions we believe and say are _Russellian_ _propositions_: structured propositions whose basic components are the objects and properties our thoughts and speech acts are about. (2) Many singular terms.
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  33.  84
    A Paradox of Desire.Stephen Schiffer - 1976 - American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (3):195 - 203.
  34.  64
    Vagueness and Partial Belief.Stephen Schiffer - 2000 - Noûs 34 (s1):220 - 257.
  35. Russell's theory of definite descriptions.Stephen Schiffer - 2005 - Mind 114 (456):1135-1183.
    The proper statement and assessment of Russell's theory depends on one's semantic presuppositions. A semantic framework is provided, and Russell's theory formulated in terms of it. Referential uses of descriptions raise familiar problems for the theory, to which there are, at the most general level of abstraction, two possible Russellian responses. Both are considered, and both found wanting. The paper ends with a brief consideration of what the correct positive theory of definite descriptions might be, if it is not the (...)
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  36. Boghossian on externalism and inference.Stephen Schiffer - 1992 - Philosophical Issues 2:29-38.
    Suppose we think in a language of thought. Then Paul Boghossian' is prepared to argue, first, that there may be ambiguous Mentalese expression types that have unambiguous tokens, and, second, that the way in which this is possible allows for otherwise valid theoretical or practical reasoning to be rendered invalid owing to equivocation of a sort that may be undetectable to the reasoner. Paul sees this as a possible basis from which to launch an argument for what some might call (...)
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  37.  85
    Meaning and Value.Stephen Schiffer - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (11):602-614.
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  38. Actual-language relations.Stephen Schiffer - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7:231-258.
  39. The epistemic theory of vagueness.Stephen Schiffer - 1999 - Philosophical Perspectives 13:481-503.
  40. Cognitive propositions.Stephen Schiffer - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (9):2551-2563.
    Soames's new theory of "cognitive propositions" is presented and several prima facie objections are presented to it.
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  41.  9
    Intention and Convention in the Theory of Meaning.Stephen Schiffer - 2017 - In Bob Hale, Crispin Wright & Alexander Miller (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Language. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 49–72.
    This chapter focuses on a question: how does the intentionality of language 'derive' from the original intentionality of thought. Hardly any philosopher of language would deny that if something is an expression which has meaning in a population, then that is by virtue of facts about the linguistic behavior and psychological states of members of that population. The chapter starts with a reconstruction of Lewis's account of the relation in Convention because a problem that immediately arises for that account provides (...)
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  42. Two perspectives on knowledge of language.Stephen Schiffer - 2006 - Philosophical Issues 16 (1):275–287.
  43. Vague properties.Stephen Schiffer - 2010 - In Richard Dietz & Sebastiano Moruzzi (eds.), Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, and its Logic. Oxford University Press. pp. 109--130.
    I. Vague Properties and the Problem of Vagueness The philosophical problem of vagueness is to say what vagueness is in a way that helps to resolve the sorites paradox. Saying what vagueness is requires saying what kinds of things can be vague and in what the vagueness of each kind consists. Philosophers dispute whether things of this, that, or the other kind can be vague, but no one disputes that there are vague linguistic expressions. Among vague expressions, predicates hold a (...)
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  44. Propositional content.Stephen Schiffer - 2006 - In Ernest Lepore & Barry C. Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press.
    To a first approximation, _propositional content_ is whatever _that-clauses_ contribute to what is ascribed in utterances of sentences such as Ralph believes _that Tony Curtis is alive_. Ralph said _that Tony Curtis is alive_. Ralph hopes _that Tony Curtis is alive_. Ralph desires _that Tony Curtis is alive_.
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  45. Propositions, What Are They Good For?Stephen Schiffer - 2012 - In Richard Schantz (ed.), Prospects for Meaning (Current Issues in Theoretical Philosophy, Vol. 3). Walter de Gruyter.
    Although there is a vast literature on whether propositional attitudes are relations to propositions, a crucial question that ought to lie at the heart of this debate is not often enough seriously addressed. This is the question of the contribution propositions make to the ways in which we benefit from having our propositional-attitude concepts, if those concepts are concepts of relations to propositions. Unless propositions can be shown to confer a benefit that no non-propositions could provide, we should probably doubt (...)
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  46. Evidence= Knowledge: Williamson's Solution to Skepticism?Stephen Schiffer - 2009 - In Patrick Greenough, Duncan Pritchard & Timothy Williamson (eds.), Williamson on Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 183--202.
    A single argument template---the EPH template---can be used to generate versions of the best known and most challenging skeptical problems. In his brilliantly groundbreaking book Knowledge and Its Limits, Timothy Williamson presents a theory of knowledge and evidence which he clearly intends to provide a response to skepticism in its most important forms. After laying out EPH skepticism and reviewing possible ways of responding to it, I show how elements of Williamson’s theory motivate a hitherto unexplored way of responding to (...)
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  47.  28
    Stalnaker's problem of intentionality: On Robert Stalnaker's inquiry.Stephen Schiffer - 1986 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 67 (April):87-97.
  48. Vagueness and Indeterminacy: Responses to Dorothy Edgington, Hartry Field and Crispin Wright.Stephen Schiffer - 2016 - In Gary Ostertag (ed.), Meanings and Other Things: Themes From the Work of Stephen Schiffer. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
     
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  49.  26
    The Varieties of Reference.Stephen Schiffer - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (1):33-42.
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  50. Communication.Stephen Schiffer - unknown
    S produces the sounds “It’s snowing” in the presence of A, and A instantaneously comes to know that it’s snowing. S has communicated to, or told, A that it’s snowing, and, as a result of S’s speech act, A came to know that it was snowing. Philosophical interest in communication turns on four inter-related questions. The first is about the logical structure of communication, or, more specifically, about whether communication is a relation that holds among three things just in case (...)
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