20 found
Stephen W. Ball [21]Stephen Walton Ball [1]
  1. Reductionism in Ethics and Science: A Contemporary Look at G. E. Moore's Open-Question Argument.Stephen W. Ball - 1988 - American Philosophical Quarterly 25 (3):197 - 213.
  2. Evolution, explanation, and the fact/value distinction.Stephen W. Ball - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (3):317-348.
    Though modern non-cognitivists in ethics characteristically believe that values are irreducible to facts, they nevertheless believe that values are determined by facts, viz., those specified in functionalist, explanatory theories of the evolutionary origin of morality. The present paper probes the consistency of this position. The conventionalist theories of Hume and Harman are examined, and are seen not to establish a tight determinative reduction of values to facts. This result is illustrated by reference to recent theories of the sociobiological mechanisms involved (...)
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  3.  97
    Economic Equality: Rawls versus Utilitarianism.Stephen W. Ball - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (2):225-244.
    Perhaps the most salient feature of Rawls's theory of justice which at once attracts supporters and repels critics is its apparent egalitarian conclusion as to how economic goods are to be distributed. Indeed, many of Rawls's sympathizers may find this result intuitively appealing, and regard it as Rawls's enduring contribution to the topic of economic justice, despite technical deficiencies in Rawls's contractarian, decision-theoretic argument for it which occupy the bulk of the critical literature. Rawls himself, having proposed a “coherence” theory (...)
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  4. Linguistic intuitions and varieties of ethical naturalism.Stephen W. Ball - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):1-38.
  5.  75
    Facts, values, and normative supervenience.Stephen W. Ball - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 55 (2):143 - 172.
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  6.  61
    Choosing between choice models of ethics: Rawlsian equality, utilitarianism, and the concept of persons.Stephen W. Ball - 1987 - Theory and Decision 22 (3):209-224.
  7.  42
    Dworkin and His Critics: The Relevance of Ethical Theory in Philosophy of Law.Stephen W. Ball - 1990 - Ratio Juris 3 (3):340-384.
    Two deficiencies characterize the vast critical literature that has accumulated around Dworkin's theory of law. On the one hand, the main lines of the debate tend to get lost in the crossfire of objections by critics and rejoinders by Dworkin — with little dialogue between the critics, or any systematic interrelation or resolution of these largely isolated disputes. On the other hand, such arguments on various points of Dworkin's Jurisprudence tend to neglect or obscure underlying issues in philosophical ethics. The (...)
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  8.  16
    Linguistic Intuitions and Varieties of Ethical Naturalism.Stephen W. Ball - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):1-38.
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  9.  74
    Uncertainty in moral theory: An epistemic defense of rule-utilitarian liberties.Stephen W. Ball - 1990 - Theory and Decision 29 (2):133-160.
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  10.  67
    Gibbard's evolutionary theory of rationality and its ethical implications.Stephen W. Ball - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (2):129-180.
    Gibbard''s theory of rationality is evolutionary in terms of its result as well as its underpinning argument. The result is that judgments about what is rational are analyzed as being similar to judgments of morality — in view of what Darwin suggests concerning the latter. According to the Darwinian theory, moral judgments are based on sentiments which evolve to promote the survival and welfare of human societies. On Gibbard''s theory, rationality judgments should be similarly regarded as expressing emotional attachments to (...)
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  11. Maximin Justice, Sacrifice, and the Reciprocity Argument: A Pragmatic Reassessment of the Rawls/Nozick Debate.Stephen W. Ball - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (2):157-184.
    Theories of economic justice are characteristically based on abstract ethical concerns often unrelated to practical distributive results. Two decades ago, Rawls's theory of justice began as a reaction against the alleged ‘sacrifices’ condoned by utilitarian theory. One variant of this objection is that utilitarianism permits gross inequalities, severe deprivations of individual liberty, or even the enslavement of society's least well-off individuals. There are, however, more subtle forms of the objection. In Rawls, it is often waged without any claim that utilitarianismdoesin (...)
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  12. Bergmann's theory of freedom.Stephen W. Ball - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (3):287-304.
  13.  69
    Critical Review of Rawls's Political Liberalism: A Utilitarian and Decision-Theoretical Analysis of the Main Arguments.Stephen W. Ball - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):222-240.
  14. Hegel on Proving the Existence of God.Stephen W. Ball - 1979 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (2):73 - 100.
  15.  79
    Bibliographical essay / legal positivism, natural law, and the Hart/Dworkin debate.Stephen W. Ball - 1984 - Criminal Justice Ethics 3 (2):68-85.
  16.  82
    Robert Audi, The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001, pp. vii + 286.Stephen W. Ball - 2003 - Utilitas 15 (1):109.
  17. The Problem of Political Obligation: A Critical Analysis of Liberal Theory. [REVIEW]Stephen W. Ball - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):475-479.
  18.  12
    A Useful Inheritance: Evolutionary Aspects of the Theory of Knowledge. Nicholas Rescher. [REVIEW]Stephen W. Ball - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (2):332-334.
  19.  50
    Morality among nations: An evolutionary view. [REVIEW]Stephen W. Ball - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):361-377.
  20.  44
    Book ReviewsCarl Cohen,, and James P Sterba,. Affirmative Action and Racial Preference: A Debate.Oxford University Press, 2003. Pp. xv+394. $30.00. [REVIEW]Stephen W. Ball - 2005 - Ethics 116 (1):226-228.