Results for 'Steven Bird'

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  1.  4
    “The Birds Swim Through the Air at Top Speed”: Kinetic Identification in Keats, Whitman, Stevens, and Dickinson.Tenney Nathanson - 2016 - Critical Inquiry 42 (2):395-410.
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  2.  22
    Steven Feld: Sound and Sentiment: Birds, Weeping, Poetics and Song in Kaluli Expression.Mark Slobin - 1983 - American Journal of Semiotics 2 (3):151-153.
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  3.  23
    The Erotic Bird: Phenomenology in Literature.Steven A. Miller - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (4):962-964.
    In this last work of his life, Natanson uses Arthur C. Danto’s essay, “.
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  4.  82
    Querying Linguistic Trees.Catherine Lai & Steven Bird - 2010 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 19 (1):53-73.
    Large databases of linguistic annotations are used for testing linguistic hypotheses and for training language processing models. These linguistic annotations are often syntactic or prosodic in nature, and have a hierarchical structure. Query languages are used to select particular structures of interest, or to project out large slices of a corpus for external analysis. Existing languages suffer from a variety of problems in the areas of expressiveness, efficiency, and naturalness for linguistic query. We describe the domain of linguistic trees and (...)
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  5.  7
    The Birds of Egypt.John A. C. Greppin, Steven M. Goodman & Peter L. Meininger - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (1):150.
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  6.  38
    "Phenomenology is the Poetic Essence of Philosophy": Maurice Natanson on the Rule of Metaphor.Steven Crowell - 2005 - Research in Phenomenology 35 (1):270-289.
    Taking Maurice Natanson's posthumously published book, The Erotic Bird: Phenomenology in Literature, as its point of departure, the essay argues that "fictive reality" is the specific content of transcendental-phenomenological reflection. Elaborating this concept allows us to see how phenomenological concepts such as constitution, horizon, and the "transcendental" have a tropological, rather than a psychological, meaning. Specifically, the article considers the metonymical structure of reality's "spatial horizon" and the metaphorical structure of reality's "temporal horizon." This latter is demonstrated on Natanson's (...)
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  7.  36
    Lack of Referential Vocal Learning From LCD Video by Grey Parrots.Irene M. Pepperberg & Steven R. Wilkes - 2004 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 5 (1):75-97.
    Grey parrots do not acquire referential English labels when tutored with videotapes displayed on CRT screens if socially isolated, reward for attempted labels is possible, trainers direct birds’ attention to the monitor, live video feed avoids habituation or one trainer repeats labels produced on video and rewards label attempts. Because birds learned referential labels from live tutor pairs in concurrent sessions, we concluded that video failed because input lacked live social interaction and modeling. Recent studies, however, suggest that standard CRT (...)
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  8. Lack of Referential Vocal Learning From LCD Video by Grey Parrots (Psittacus Erithacus).Irene M. Pepperberg & Steven R. Wilkes - 2004 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 5 (1):75-97.
    Grey parrots do not acquire referential English labels when tutored with videotapes displayed on CRT screens if socially isolated, reward for attempted labels is possible, trainers direct birds’ attention to the monitor, live video feed avoids habituation or one trainer repeats labels produced on video and rewards label attempts. Because birds learned referential labels from live tutor pairs in concurrent sessions, we concluded that video failed because input lacked live social interaction and modeling. Recent studies, however, suggest that standard CRT (...)
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  9.  2
    Embodied Violence Towards Nonhuman Animals in Anne Brontë’s Agnes Grey.Valerie L. Stevens - 2021 - Society and Animals 29 (7):679-694.
    Aware of her pupil’s plans to torture and kill a nest of birds, and with no authority to stop him based on her class, gender, and professional positions, the governess-heroine of Anne Brontë’s Agnes Grey kills the nonhuman animals to keep them from needless suffering. Building on Brontë scholarship as well as animal studies understandings of violence and embodiment, this article considers expectations that Victorian sympathy will be a simplistic and pretty play on reader emotions to argue that nineteenth-century sympathetic (...)
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  10.  19
    Experimental Studies of Group Selection: A Genetical Perspective.Lori Stevens - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    Studies of group selection have been done with both natural and manipulated populations using plants, insects and birds. Group selection occurred in all studies and often the strength of group selection was equal to that of individual selection. Laboratory selection experiments resulted in the opposite response to individual selection than that predicted. Selection with plants for high leaf area resulted in plants with smaller leaf area and selection for high emigration rate in beetles produced lines with lower rates. The selected (...)
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  11.  7
    Darwin.Philip Appleman - 1970 - New York: Norton.
    Overview * Part I: Introduction * Philip Appleman, Darwin: On Changing the Mind * Part II: Darwin’s Life * Ernst Mayr, Who Is Darwin? * Part III: Scientific Thought: Just before Darwin * Sir Gavin de Beer, Biology before the Beagle * Thomas Robert Malthus, An Essay on the Principle of Population * William Paley, Natural Theology * Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet Lamarck, Zoological Philisophy * Charles Lyell, Principles of Geology * John Herschell, The Study of Natural Philosophy (...)
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  12.  3
    Readings in Animal Cognition.Dale Jamieson & Marc Bekoff (eds.) - 1996 - MIT Press.
    Table of Contents Perspectives on Animal Cognition Chapter 1 The Myth of Anthropomorphism John Andrew Fisher Chapter 2 Gendered Knowledge? Examining Influences on Scientific and Ethological Inquiries Lori Gruen Chapter 3 Interpretive Cognitive Ethology Hugh Wilder Chapter 4 Concept Attribution in Nonhuman Animals: Theoretical and Methodological Problems in Ascribing Complex Mental Processes Colin Allen and Marc Hauser Cognitive and Evolutionary Explanations Chapter 5 On Aims and Methods of Cognitive Ethology Dale Jamieson and Marc Bekoff Chapter 6 Aspects of the Cognitive (...)
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  13.  4
    Second Finitude, or the Technics of Address: A Response.Cary Wolfe - 2014 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 47 (4):554-566.
    This response article argues that the question of “extrahuman relations” obtains on not just one level but two. It is not just a question of our relations to nonhuman forms of life—such as, for example, the embodiment and finitude we share with other beings. It's also a question of a second form of finitude that obtains in our prosthetic subjection to any semiotic system whatsoever that makes possible “our” concepts, “our” recognition and articulation of our “nonhuman relations” in the first (...)
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  14.  8
    Neither Beast nor Sovereign.Cary Wolfe - 2019 - Environmental Philosophy 16 (1):201-221.
    This essay combines deconstruction and systems theory to rethink the question of ecological poetics in the work of Wallace Stevens, and in particular some of his most important poems that focus on birds and bird song. Ecocriticism has typically approached literature in general and poetry in particular in terms of its representation of nature. This essay argues for a non-representationalist ecopoetics that derives from replacing the concept of “nature” with the systems theory concept of “environment”. This theoretical shift allows (...)
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  15.  60
    A History of Russian Philosophy 1830–1930: Faith, Reason, and the Defense of Human Dignity.Gary M. Hamburg & Randall Allen Poole (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: List of contributors; Acknowledgments; Introduction: the humanist tradition in Russian philosophy G. M. Hamburg and Randall A. Poole; Part I. The Nineteenth Century: 1. Slavophiles, Westernizers, and the birth of Russian philosophical humanism Sergey Horujy; 2. Alexander Herzen Derek Offord; 3. Materialism and the radical intelligentsia: the 1860s Victoria S. Frede; 4. Russian ethical humanism: from populism to neo-idealism Thomas Nemeth; Part II. Russian Metaphysical Idealism in Defense of Human Dignity: 5. Boris Chicherin and human dignity (...)
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  16.  59
    Representation in Scientific Practice.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (4):647-654.
    The essays in this book provide an excellent introduction to the means by which scientists convey their ideas. While diverse in their subject matter, the essays are unified in asserting that scientists compose and use particular representations in contextually organized and contextually sensitive ways, and that these representations - particularly visual displays such as graphs, diagrams, photographs, and drawings - depend for their meaning on the complex activities in which they are situated.The topics include sociological orientations to representational practice, representation (...)
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  17.  42
    The Natural Basis of Political Obligation.George Klosko - 2001 - Social Philosophy and Policy 18 (1):93-114.
    Though questions of political obligation have long been central to liberal political theory, discussion has generally focused on voluntaristic aspects of the individual's relationship to the state, as opposed to other factors through which the state is able to ground compliance with its laws. The individual has been conceptualized as naturally without political ties, whether or not formally in a state of nature, and questions of political obligation have centered on accounting for political bonds.Footnotes* For helpful comments on and discussion (...)
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  18. The Structure of the World: Metaphysics and Representation.Steven French - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Steven French articulates and defends the bold claim that there are no objects in the world. He draws on metaphysics and philosophy of science to argue for structural realism--the position that we live in a world of structures--and defends a form of eliminativism about objects that sets laws and symmetry principles at the heart of ontology.
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  19.  28
    Steven M. Cahn and Andrew T. Forechimes, Eds., Principles of Moral Philosophy: Classic and Contemporary Approaches.Steven A. Benko - 2018 - Teaching Ethics 18 (1):104-106.
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  20.  43
    Response to My Critics: Steven French: The Structure of the World: Metaphysics and Representation. Oxford: OUP, 2014, 416pp, ISBN: 978-0-19-968484-7, ₤50.00 HB.Steven French - 2016 - Metascience 25 (2):189-196.
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  21. Steven Gimbel: The Importance of Being Funny: Why We Need More Jokes in Our Lives, Al Gini. Rowman and Littlefield, 2017. Pp. 168. [REVIEW]Steven Gimbel - 2020 - The Philosophy of Humor Yearbook 1 (1):277-279.
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  22.  84
    Pure and Utilitarian Prisoner's Dilemmas: Steven T. Kuhn and Serge Moresi.Steven T. Kuhn - 1995 - Economics and Philosophy 11 (2):333-343.
    The prisoner 's dilemma game has acquired large literatures in several disciplines. It is surprising, therefore, that a good definition of the game is hard to find. Typically an author relates a story about captured criminals or military rivals, provides a particular payoff matrix and asserts that the PD is characterized, or illustrated, by that matrix. In the few cases in which characterizing conditions are given, the conditions, and the motivations for them, do not always agree with each other or (...)
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  23.  39
    Steven Joffe and Franklin G. Miller Reply.Steven Joffe & Franklin G. Miller - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (5):7-7.
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  24.  53
    From Cognitive Science to Cognitive Neuroscience to Neuroeconomics: Steven R. Quartz.Steven R. Quartz - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):459-471.
    As an emerging discipline, neuroeconomics faces considerable methodological and practical challenges. In this paper, I suggest that these challenges can be understood by exploring the similarities and dissimilarities between the emergence of neuroeconomics and the emergence of cognitive and computational neuroscience two decades ago. From these parallels, I suggest the major challenge facing theory formation in the neural and behavioural sciences is that of being under-constrained by data, making a detailed understanding of physical implementation necessary for theory construction in neuroeconomics. (...)
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  25.  64
    Milgram's Shocking Experiments: Steven C. Patten.Steven C. Patten - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (202):425-440.
    After more than a decade of reflection on obedience experiments based on a laboratory model of his own design, the social psychologist Stanley Milgram is clearly confident that the experimental results make a substantial and striking contribution towards understanding human nature: Something … dangerous is revealed: the capacity for man to abandon his humanity, indeed, the inevitability that he does so, as he merges his unique personality into larger institutional structures.
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  26. Steven Miller.Steven Miller - 1992 - Social Epistemology 6 (1):23-33.
     
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  27. The Revolutionary Kant.Graham Bird - 2006 - Open Court.
  28.  68
    Steven Pinker.Steven Pinker - 2002 - Cognitive Science 1991 (1996).
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  29. Steven Gross.Steven Gross - unknown
    Should a theory of meaning state what sentences mean, and can a Davidsonian theory of meaning in particular do so? Max Ko¨lbel answers both questions affirmatively. I argue, however, that the phenomena of non-homophony, non-truth-conditional aspects of meaning, semantic mood, and context-sensitivity provide prima facie obstacles for extending Davidsonian truth-theories to yield meaning-stating theorems. Assessing some natural moves in reply requires a more fully developed conception of the task of such theories than Ko¨lbel provides. A more developed conception is also (...)
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  30. The Epistemology of Science—a Bird’s-Eye View.Alexander Bird - 2010 - Synthese 175 (S1):5-16.
    In this paper I outline my conception of the epistemology of science, by reference to my published papers, showing how the ideas presented there fit together. In particular I discuss the aim of science, scientific progress, the nature of scientific evidence, the failings of empiricism, inference to the best (or only) explanation, and Kuhnian psychology of discovery. Throughout, I emphasize the significance of the concept of scientific knowledge.
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  31.  27
    II–Steven Gerrard.Steven Gerrard - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):135-150.
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  32.  8
    Steven Weinberg, Facing Up: Science and its Cultural Adversaries. Cambridge, Ma and London: Harvard University Press, 2001. Pp. XI+283. Isbn 0-674-00647-X. £17.95, $26.00. [REVIEW]Steven French - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (4):491-492.
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  33.  24
    Author’s Response: Steven French: There Are No Such Things as Theories. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020, 288 Pp, £55.00.Steven French - 2021 - Metascience 30 (1):23-29.
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  34. John Dewey and Moral Imagination: Pragmatism in Ethics [Brief Sample].Steven Fesmire - 2003 - Indiana University Press.
    While examining the important role of imagination in making moral judgments, John Dewey and Moral Imagination focuses new attention on the relationship between American pragmatism and ethics. Steven Fesmire takes up threads of Dewey's thought that have been largely unexplored and elaborates pragmatism's distinctive contribution to understandings of moral experience, inquiry, and judgment. Building on two Deweyan notions—that moral character, belief, and reasoning are part of a social and historical context and that moral deliberation is an imaginative, dramatic rehearsal (...)
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  35.  1
    Steven W. Laycock, Mind as Mirror and the Mirroring of Mind: Buddhist Reflections on Western Phenomenology. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994, Pp. Xiv + 337. [REVIEW]Steven Heine - 1995 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 22 (4):507-510.
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  36.  59
    "Philosophy and Language," by Steven Davis. [REVIEW]Steven Bartlett - 1977 - Modern Schoolman 54 (4):406-406.
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  37. Interview with Steven E. Hyman.Steven E. Hyman - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):3-5.
  38.  59
    The Givenness of Grammar: A Reply to Steven Affeltd.Steven Mulhall - 1998 - European Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):32–44.
    The article contests Affeldt's critique of Mulhall's "Stanley Cavell: Philosophy's Recounting of the Ordinary," by asking how deep the conflict between what Affeldt proposes as Cavell's account of Wittgenstein's notion of grammar and that of Baker and Hacker really goes. It argues that Affeldt's critique is successful against one interpretation of the claims that grammar consists of a framework of rules and that criteria function as a basis for judgment, but that other interpretations of these claims are available and appear (...)
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  39.  24
    The Givenness of Grammar: A Reply to Steven Affeltd.Steven Mulhall - 1998 - European Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):32-44.
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  40. A Long Discussion Regarding Steven A. Long's Interpretation of the Moral Species.Steven Jensen - 2003 - The Thomist 67 (4):623-643.
     
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  41.  41
    Frederick Wasser (2010) Steven Spielberg's America.Steven Rybin - 2011 - Film-Philosophy 15 (1):247-254.
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  42.  24
    Marxism, Morality and Justice: Steven Lukes.Steven Lukes - 1982 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 14:177-205.
    A paradox, according to the OED, is ‘a statement seemingly self-contradictory or absurd, though possibly well-founded or essentially true’. In this article I shall try to show that the classical orthodox Marxist view of morality is a paradox. I shall seek to resolve the paradox by trying to show that it is only seemingly self-contradictory or absurd. But I shall not claim the standard Marxist view of morality to be well-founded or essentially true. On the contrary, I shall suggest that, (...)
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  43. Review of Alexander Bird, Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties[REVIEW]Alexander Bird - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (6).
    This is a rewarding book. In terms of area, it has one foot firmly planted in metaphysics and the other just as firmly set in the philosophy of science. Nature's Metaphysics is distinctive for its thorough and detailed defense of fundamental, natural properties as essentially dispositional and for its description of how these dispositional properties are thus suited to sustain the laws of nature as (metaphysically) necessary truths.
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  44.  12
    The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language.Steven Pinker - 1994/2007 - Harper Perennial.
    In this classic, the world's expert on language and mind lucidly explains everything you always wanted to know about language: how it works, how children learn it, how it changes, how the brain computes it, and how it evolved. With deft use of examples of humor and wordplay, Steven Pinker weaves our vast knowledge of language into a compelling story: language is a human instinct, wired into our brains by evolution. The Language Instinct received the William James Book Prize (...)
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  45.  2
    Graham Harrington Bird.Colin Bird - 2022 - Kantian Review 27 (1):1-4.
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  46.  17
    Optimal Deterrence*: Steven J. Brams and D. Marc Kilgour.Steven J. Brams - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (1):118-135.
    1. Introduction The policy of deterrence, at least to avert nuclear war between the superpowers, has been a controversial one. The main controversy arises from the threat of each side to visit destruction on the other in response to an initial attack. This threat would seem irrational if carrying it out would lead to a nuclear holocaust – the worst outcome for both sides. Instead, it would seem better for the side attacked to suffer some destruction rather than to retaliate (...)
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  47.  1
    Public Opinion Quarterly : Steven J. Rosenstone, John Mark Hansen, and Donald R. Kinder, Measuring Change in Personal Economic Well-Being, 50 (1986) 176-192.J. Scott Armstrong & Steven J. Rosenstone - 1988 - International Journal of Forecasting 4 (1).
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  48.  68
    Knowing Who.Steven Boër & William Lycan - 1986 - MIT Press.
    This is the first detailed study to explore the little-understood notions of "knowing who someone is," "knowing a person's identity," and related locutions. It locates these notions within the context of a general theory of believing and a semantical theory of belief- and knowledge-ascriptions.The books's main contention is that what one knows, when one knows who someone is, is not normally an identity in the numerical sense of "a = b," but rather a certain sort of predication to know who (...)
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  49. Dewey [Brief Sample].Steven Fesmire - 2015 - Routledge.
    John Dewey was the dominant voice in American philosophy through the World Wars, the Great Depression, and the nascent years of the Cold War. With a professional career spanning three generations and a profile that no public intellectual has operated on in the U.S. since, Dewey's biographer Robert Westbrook accurately describes him as "the most important philosopher in modern American history." In this superb and engaging introduction, Steven Fesmire begins with a chapter on Dewey’s life and works, before discussing (...)
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  50.  50
    Symposium on the Coase Theorem: Legal Fiction: The Place of the Coase Theorem in Law and Economics: Steven G. Medema.Steven G. Medema - 1999 - Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):209-233.
    Modern law and economics received much of its impetus from Ronald Coase's analysis in ‘The Problem of Social Cost,’ and a goodly amount of that comes from the Coase theorem, which states that, absent transaction costs, externalities will be efficiently resolved through bargaining. The fact that the analysis that came to be codified in the Coase theorem was an exercise in pure fiction on Coase's part did not deter the erection of a substantial edifice of positive and normative analysis on (...)
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