Results for 'Steven Fleischman'

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  1. Gravitation and cosmology: principles and applications of the general theory of relativity.Steven Weinberg - 1972 - New York,: Wiley.
    Weinberg's 1972 work, in his description, had two purposes. The first was practical to bring together and assess the wealth of data provided over the previous decade while realizing that newer data would come in even as the book was being printed. He hoped the comprehensive picture would prepare the reader and himself to that new data as it emerged. The second was to produce a textbook about general relativity in which geometric ideas were not given a starring role for (...)
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  2.  27
    Political morality and constitutional settlements.Steven Wall - 2013 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (4):481-499.
    This paper presents a way of thinking about how to respond to the pluralism of modern societies that avoids any commitment to contractualist norms of political justification. The argument developed appeals to the notion of a constitutional settlement. Constitutional settlements are complex on-going social practices that both express certain values to which political societies are committed and establish procedures for resolving disputes among members of these societies. As such, they are a product of both moral commitment and the balance of (...)
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  3.  34
    The Real Value of Fake Teams: An Ethical Defense of Fantasy Sports.Steven Weimer - 2019 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 14 (2):226-240.
    In the only two articles on the topic of which I am aware, Chad Carlson and Scott Aikin have leveled three objections against fantasy sports—namely, that participation in fantasy sports elicits...
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  4.  51
    The Right Tool for the Job: Philosophy’s Evolving Role in Advancing Management Theory.Steven E. Wallis - 2012 - Philosophy of Management 11 (3):67-99.
    In this paper, I build on Wittgenstein’s metaphor of a toolbox to introduce the metaphor of ‘tool confusion’ – how differing conceptual constructs may be applied, or misapplied, to one another and the effect that such applications have on the advancement of management theory. Moving beyond metaphor, I investigate a theory of management through two specific philosophical lenses (Popper and Lyotard). This analysis tests both the theory and the philosophies with regard to how each philosophy may be applied as a (...)
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  5. Can ‘eugenics’ be defended?Francesca Minerva, Diana S. Fleischman, Peter Singer, Nicholas Agar, Jonathan Anomaly & Walter Veit - 2021 - Monash Bioethics Review 39 (1):60-67.
    In recent years, bioethical discourse around the topic of ‘genetic enhancement’ has become increasingly politicized. We fear there is too much focus on the semantic question of whether we should call particular practices and emerging bio-technologies such as CRISPR ‘eugenics’, rather than the more important question of how we should view them from the perspective of ethics and policy. Here, we address the question of whether ‘eugenics’ can be defended and how proponents and critics of enhancement should engage with each (...)
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  6.  25
    Call for Papers for Special Issue of the Journal of Medical Humanities : “Medicine and the Humanities: the Pedagogical Landscape”.Suzanne Fleischman - 1999 - Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (4):293-294.
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  7.  29
    Flesh Without Blood: The Public Health Benefits of Lab‐Grown Meat.Jonny Anomaly, Heather Browning, Diana Fleischman & Walter Veit - 2024 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 21 (1):167-175.
    Synthetic meat made from animal cells will transform how we eat. It will reduce suffering by eliminating the need to raise and slaughter animals. But it will also have big public health benefits if it becomes widely consumed. In this paper, we discuss how “clean meat” can reduce the risks associated with intensive animal farming, including antibiotic resistance, environmental pollution, and zoonotic viral diseases like influenza and coronavirus. Since the most common objection to clean meat is that some people find (...)
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  8. Flesh Without Blood: The public health argument for synthetic meat.Jonathan Anomaly, Diana Fleischman, Heather Browning & Walter Veit - 2023 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 20 (3).
  9.  25
    The Private Practicing Physician‐Investigator: Ethical Implications of Clinical Research in the Office Setting.Jason E. Klein & Alan R. Fleischman - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (4):22-26.
    Drug companies are moving their research from academic medical centers to physicians’ private offices. The shift brings in more subjects, and could mean faster and better results. It also changes the physician's relationship to patients, dangles monetary lures in front of physicians, and could produce subjects who don't understand what they're participating in and results that are unreliable.
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  10.  39
    Professionals' Tax Liability Assessments and Ethical Evaluations in an Equitable Relief Innocent Spouse Case.Gary Fleischman & Sean Valentine - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (1):27-44.
    This study used a national sample of professionals and a questionnaire containing equitable relief vignettes to explore whether the new equitable relief subset of the revised innocent spouse rules is helpful to the IRS when making relief decisions. The study also addressed the ethical and gender issues associated with equitable relief innocent spouse cases. The results suggested that several equitable relief factors are useful as discriminators in the relief decision. The results also demonstrated that the recognition of an ethical issue (...)
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  11.  34
    Ethics Versus Outcomes: Managerial Responses to Incentive-Driven and Goal-Induced Employee Behavior.Gary M. Fleischman, Eric N. Johnson, Kenton B. Walker & Sean R. Valentine - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (4):951-967.
    Management plays an important role in reinforcing ethics in organizations. To support this aim, managers must use incentive and goal programs in ethical ways. This study examines experimentally the potential ethical costs associated with incentive-driven and goal-induced employee behavior from a managerial perspective. In a quasi-experimental setting, 243 MBA students with significant professional work experience evaluated a hypothetical employee’s ethical behavior under incentive pay systems modeled on a business case. In the role of the employee’s manager, participants evaluated the ethicality (...)
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  12.  38
    Screening and Caring for Children with Rare Disorders.Bruce K. Lin & Alan R. Fleischman - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (3):3-3.
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  13.  14
    Ethics Committees for Infants Doe?Alan R. Fleischman & Thomas H. Murray - 1983 - Hastings Center Report 13 (6):5-9.
  14.  30
    An evolutionary behaviorist perspective on orgasm.Diana S. Fleischman - 2016 - Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology 6.
    Evolutionary explanations for sexual behavior and orgasm most often posit facilitating reproduction as the primary function. Other reproductive benefits of sexual pleasure and orgasm such as improved bonding of parents have also been discussed but not thoroughly. Although sex is known to be highly reinforcing, behaviorist principles are rarely invoked alongside evolutionary psychology in order to account for human sexual and social behavior. In this paper, I will argue that intense sexual pleasure, especially orgasm, can be understood as a primary (...)
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  15. Is Public Justification Self-Defeating?Steven Wall - 2002 - American Philosophical Quarterly 39 (4):385 - 394.
  16.  18
    The Pro‐Life Maternal‐Fetal Medicine Physician A Problem of Integrity.Jeffrey Blustein & Alan R. Fleischman - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (1):22-26.
    If the practice of maternal‐fetal medicine sometimes results in abortion, can a physician strongly opposed to abortion maintain his own integrity and still practice in this field?
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  17.  77
    Just say “no!” to lethal autonomous robotic weapons.William M. Fleischman - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (3/4):299-313.
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider the question of equipping fully autonomous robotic weapons with the capacity to kill. Current ideas concerning the feasibility and advisability of developing and deploying such weapons, including the proposal that they be equipped with a so-called “ethical governor”, are reviewed and critiqued. The perspective adopted for this study includes software engineering practice as well as ethical and legal aspects of the use of lethal autonomous robotic weapons. Design/methodology/approach – In the (...)
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  18.  10
    A Physician's View.Alan R. Fleischman - 1981 - Hastings Center Report 11 (2):18-19.
  19.  13
    How Powerful CFOs Camouflage and Exploit Equity-Based Incentive Compensation.Denton Collins, Gary Fleischman, Stacey Kaden & Juan Manuel Sanchez - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (2):591-613.
    While numerous studies have examined the impact that powerful CEOs have on their compensation and overall firm decisions, relatively little is known about how powerful CFOs influence their compensation and important firm financial reporting and operational outcomes. This is somewhat surprising given the critical role CFOs play in the financial reporting process of a firm. Using managerial power theory and the theory of power and self-focus :635–658, 2013), we predict that powerful CFOs employ a two-part strategy to camouflage excessive incentive (...)
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  20.  17
    An Infant Bioethical Review committee In an Urban Medical Center.Alan R. Fleischman - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (3):16-18.
  21.  11
    Not So Random Thoughts.Alan R. Fleischman - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (5):40-40.
  22.  10
    Where's the Evidence? Debates in Modern Medicine.Alan R. Fleischman & William A. Silverman - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (5):40.
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  23.  16
    Physicians and Ethics in the Health Care Reform Debate.Alan R. Fleischman - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (3):10-11.
  24.  20
    Philology, linguistics, and the discourse of the medieval text.Suzanne Fleischman - 1990 - Speculum 65 (1):19-37.
    Philology, as Stephen Nichols suggests in his introductory remarks, has come to be equated in the minds of many with a dessicated and dogmatic textual praxis which, through the minutious methodologies of paleography, historical grammar, and the textual criticism of “Monsieur Procuste, Philologue,” has reduced medieval literary “monuments” to the status of “documents.” The Oxford Roland, in my initial philological encounter with it, was alternately a subtext for deciphering sound laws or a node in a tree diagram mapping the scriptural (...)
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  25.  15
    Parental Responsibility and the Infant Bioethics Committee.Alan R. Fleischman - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (2):31-32.
  26.  2
    R. R. Porter, 1917-1985.Julian B. Fleischman - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (3):S228-S229.
  27.  9
    The Controversy over SUPPORT Continues and the Hyperbole Increases.Alan R. Fleischman - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (1):42-44.
    Two articles in this issue of the Hastings Center Report address the continuing controversy over the Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Oxygenation Randomized Trial (SUPPORT). This controversy is part of a larger discussion about the appropriate regulatory framework for protecting human research participants in comparative effectiveness research (CER), a group of studies that aims to compare two “usual” or “standard” treatments in order to provide evidence of which treatment is most effective.
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  28.  16
    The theory of absolutism: a unification of the theory of relativity and quantum theory.Christopher Joseph Fleischman - 2009 - Salt Lake City, UT: American University & Colleges Press.
    This book presents a theory that unifies these theories by using a philosophical approach to disclose an oversight in the theory of relativity.
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  29. The tyranny of autonomy-reply.Ar Fleischman - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (2):51-51.
  30.  11
    The Roles of Cynicism, CFO Pressure, and Moral Disengagement on FIN 48 Earnings Management.Ashley Nicole West & Gary M. Fleischman - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 185 (3):545-562.
    Archival research reports that managers often use the FIN 48 uncertain tax liability accrual to manage earnings. To assess solutions to this problem, we deconstruct the ethical and psychological reasoning that leads to FIN 48 opportunistic behavior. Hence, we employ a survey of seasoned accounting managers to assess the influences of cynicism, two measures of moral disengagement, and pressure from a CFO on the propensity to engage in FIN 48 earnings management. Specifically, we manipulate the influence of the study scenario (...)
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  31. Ethics programs, perceived corporate social responsibility and job satisfaction.Sean Valentine & Gary Fleischman - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):159 - 172.
    Companies offer ethics codes and training to increase employees’ ethical conduct. These programs can also enhance individual work attitudes because ethical organizations are typically valued. Socially responsible companies are likely viewed as ethical organizations and should therefore prompt similar employee job responses. Using survey information collected from 313 business professionals, this exploratory study proposed that perceived corporate social responsibility would mediate the positive relationships between ethics codes/training and job satisfaction. Results indicated that corporate social responsibility fully or partially mediated the (...)
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  32.  45
    Ethics Programs, Perceived Corporate Social Responsibility and Job Satisfaction.Sean Valentine & Gary Fleischman - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):159-172.
    Companies offer ethics codes and training to increase employees' ethical conduct. These programs can also enhance individual work attitudes because ethical organizations are typically valued. Socially responsible companies are likely viewed as ethical organizations and should therefore prompt similar employee job responses. Using survey information collected from 313 business professionals, this exploratory study proposed that perceived corporate social responsibility would mediate the positive relationships between ethics codes/training and job satisfaction. Results indicated that corporate social responsibility fully or partially mediated the (...)
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  33. Liberalism, Perfectionism and Restraint.Steven Wall - 1998 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Are liberalism and perfectionism compatible? In this study Steven Wall presents and defends a perfectionist account of political morality that takes issue with many currently fashionable liberal ideas but retains the strong liberal commitment to the ideal of personal autonomy. He begins by critically discussing the most influential version of anti-perfectionist liberalism, examining the main arguments that have been offered in its defence. He then clarifies the ideal of personal autonomy, presents an account of its value and shows that (...)
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  34. On justificatory liberalism.Steven Wall - 2010 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 9 (2):123-149.
    In a number of publications, Gerald Gaus has presented an ambitious account of political morality that gives the ideal of public justification pride of place. This article critically discusses Gaus’s characterization and defense of the ideal of public justification in politics. It also presents an account and an argument in support of first-person political justification.
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  35.  37
    Guidelines for Physician-Assisted Suicide: Can the Challenge Be Met?Carl H. Coleman & Alan R. Fleischman - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (3):217-224.
    The question of legalizing physician-assisted suicide has become a serious public debate. Growing interest in assisted suicide reflects a public increasingly fearful of the process of dying, particularly the prospect of dying a painful, protracted, or undignified death. PAS has been proposed as a compassionate response to unrelievable suffering, designed to give terminally or incurably ill individuals direct control over the timing, manner, and circumstances of their death. Although the American Medical Association remains firmly opposed to legalizing PAS, many physicians (...)
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  36.  24
    Guidelines for Physician-Assisted Suicide: Can the Challenge Be Met?Carl H. Coleman & Alan R. Fleischman - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (3):217-224.
    The question of legalizing physician-assisted suicide has become a serious public debate. Growing interest in assisted suicide reflects a public increasingly fearful of the process of dying, particularly the prospect of dying a painful, protracted, or undignified death. PAS has been proposed as a compassionate response to unrelievable suffering, designed to give terminally or incurably ill individuals direct control over the timing, manner, and circumstances of their death. Although the American Medical Association remains firmly opposed to legalizing PAS, many physicians (...)
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  37. Ethics training and businesspersons' perceptions of organizational ethics.Sean Valentine & Gary Fleischman - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (4):381 - 390.
    Ethics training is commonly cited as a primary method for increasing employees ethical decision making and conduct. However, little is known about how the presence of ethics training can enhance other components of an organization's ethical environment such as employees perception of company ethical values. Using a national sample of 313 business professionals employed in the United States, the relationship between ethics training and perceived organizational ethics was explored. The results of the analysis provide significant statistical support for the notion (...)
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  38.  28
    Ethics Training and Businesspersons? Perceptions of Organizational Ethics.Sean Valentine & Gary Fleischman - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (4):391-400.
    Ethics training is commonly cited as a primary method for increasing employees' ethical decision making and conduct. However, little is known about how the presence of ethics training can enhance other components of an organization's ethical environment such as employees' perception of company ethical values. Using a national sample of 313 business professionals employed in the United States, the relationship between ethics training and perceived organizational ethics was explored. The results of the analysis provide significant statistical support for the notion (...)
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  39.  15
    Abortion and the Maternal‐Fetal Medicine Physician.J. Blustein & Ar Fleischman - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 25 (5):2-3.
  40. An overview of the project.B. Jennings & A. R. Fleischman - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (4).
     
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  41.  42
    Villains, Victims, and Verisimilitudes: An Exploratory Study of Unethical Corporate Values, Bullying Experiences, Psychopathy, and Selling Professionals’ Ethical Reasoning.Sean Valentine, Gary Fleischman & Lynn Godkin - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 148 (1):135-154.
    This study assesses the relationships among unethical corporate values, bullying experiences, psychopathy, and selling professionals’ ethical evaluations of bullying. Information was collected from national/regional samples of selling professionals. Results indicated that unethical values, bullying, and psychopathy were positively interrelated. Psychopathy and unethical values were negatively associated with moral intensity, while moral intensity was positively related to ethical issue importance. Psychopathy and unethical values were negatively related to issue importance, and issue importance and moral intensity were positively related to ethical judgment. (...)
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  42. Professional Ethical Standards, Corporate Social Responsibility, and the Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility.Sean Valentine & Gary Fleischman - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):657-666.
    This study explored several proposed relationships among professional ethical standards, corporate social responsibility, and the perceived role of ethics and social responsibility. Data were collected from 313 business managers registered with a large professional research association with a mailed self-report questionnaire. Mediated regression analysis indicated that perceptions of corporate social responsibility partially mediated the positive relationship between perceived professional ethical standards and the believed importance of ethics and social responsibility. Perceptions of corporate social responsibility also fully mediated the negative relationship (...)
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  43. John Dewey and Moral Imagination: Pragmatism in Ethics [brief sample].Steven Fesmire - 2003 - Indiana University Press.
    While examining the important role of imagination in making moral judgments, John Dewey and Moral Imagination focuses new attention on the relationship between American pragmatism and ethics. Steven Fesmire takes up threads of Dewey's thought that have been largely unexplored and elaborates pragmatism's distinctive contribution to understandings of moral experience, inquiry, and judgment. Building on two Deweyan notions—that moral character, belief, and reasoning are part of a social and historical context and that moral deliberation is an imaginative, dramatic rehearsal (...)
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  44. The Force of Freedom.Steven G. Affeldt - 1999 - Political Theory 27 (3):299-333.
    In ancient times, when persuasion played the role of public force, eloquence was necessary. Of what use would it be today, when public force has replaced persuasion. One needs neither art nor metaphor to say such is my pleasure. Jean Jacques Rousseau.
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  45. AI-generated art and fiction: signifying everything, meaning nothing?Steven R. Kraaijeveld - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-3.
  46. The ground of mutuality: Criteria, judgment and intelligibility in Stephen Mulhall and Stanley Cavell.Steven G. Affeldt - 1998 - European Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):1–31.
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  47.  19
    The Ground of Mutuality: Criteria, Judgment and Intelligibility in Stephen Mulhall and Stanley Cavell.Steven G. Affeldt - 2002 - European Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):1-31.
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  48. Debunking (the) Retribution (Gap).Steven R. Kraaijeveld - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1315-1328.
    Robotization is an increasingly pervasive feature of our lives. Robots with high degrees of autonomy may cause harm, yet in sufciently complex systems neither the robots nor the human developers may be candidates for moral blame. John Danaher has recently argued that this may lead to a retribution gap, where the human desire for retribution faces a lack of appropriate subjects for retributive blame. The potential social and moral implications of a retribution gap are considerable. I argue that the retributive (...)
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  49.  88
    Public Reason and Moral Authoritarianism.Steven Wall - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (250):160-169.
  50. COVID-19: Against a Lockdown Approach.Steven R. Kraaijeveld - 2020 - Asian Bioethics Review 13 (2):195-212.
    Governments around the world have faced the challenge of how to respond to the recent outbreak of a novel coronavirus disease. Some have reacted by greatly restricting the freedom of citizens, while others have opted for less drastic policies. In this paper, I draw a parallel with vaccination ethics to conceptualize two distinct approaches to COVID-19 that I call altruistic and lockdown. Given that the individual measures necessary to limit the spread of the virus can in principle be achieved voluntarily (...)
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